Saturday, August 24, 2013

Ayodhya Kanda 19-44

Ayodhya Kandam (Continued)

19.Rama starts  preparations to go to forest

(Rama is upset because Dasaratha was sad but Kaikeyi was particular that    he should go to the forest immediately.   He goes to take leave from his mother Kausalya. Lakshmana also accompanies him.)

That killer of enemies Rama  hearing the unpleasant words which were like death itself , was not distressed and told Kaikeyi    .                                                                                                                  19.1
“Let it be so . I shall go to the forest and live  there  wearing a matted hair and cloths made of bark , so that I would keep up the oath of my father .”                                                                                      19.2
“But I would like to know why the king , why the king  who is the subduer of  enemies ,did not greet me like previous occasions “                                                                                                                          19.3
“Oh great lady , do not be sorry because of this incident. For I tell you that I shall go to the forest wearing matted hair  and robe made of barks. Be happy.”                                                              19.4
“Seeking the   well being   of  the king  who is  my father  and who is my guru also as a grateful person , I will obey his orders without hesitation. Would I not do that which pleases him?”                     19.5
“My heart is burning with displeasure , because the king did not tell me himself about the crowning of Bharatha .”                                                                                                                                                 19.6
“Without being urged by any one  , as I am greatly pleased by my brother Bharatha , I would myself give him, my soul, this kingdom, the beloved people , all the wealth and even Sita.”                       19.7
“Having been ordered by my father who is the king  and for fulfilling your desire  I would keep up the promise.”                                                                                                                                                  19.8
“For that reason , please console the king. Why is it that the king with his eyes staring on earth is shedding tears?”                                                                                                                                      19.9
“As per the order of the king, let messengers go , riding on quick paced horses  the home of  the uncle ‘s of Bharatha  to bring him.”                                                                                                                  19.10
“I am speedily going to the Dandakaranya forest  and as per the words of my father  I will stay there for fourteen years.”                                                                                                                                     19.11
That Kaikeyi after hearing those  words of Rama  became happy  and believing in the words of Rama , she wanted   to hasten it up.                                                                                                               19.12
“Let it happen that way. To bring back Bharatha from his uncle’s home messengers  would go on horses with great speed.”                                                                                                                                 19.13
“Since you are eager to  go to the forest , it is not appropriate  for any  further delay  and Oh Rama because of that you should speedily go to the forest.”                                                                 19.14
“Oh best among men, the king is not talking to you  because  he is greatly ashamed and there is nothing else. So do not get distressed.”                                                                                                          19.15
“As long as you do not go from the city to the forest  oh Rama, Your father would neither bathe  nor eat.”                                                                                                                                                       19.16
The king  who was drowned in sorrow said, “What a calamity ?” took tortured breath  and afterwards  fainted and fell down   on the  couch decorated with gold  and fell down.                              19.17
Rama raised up the king  and then Rama was urged by Kaikeyi  to depart to the forest like beating the horse with whip.                                                                                                                                  19.18
Rama hearing the unpleasant words  of  bad consequence of  that ungentlemanly  lady  who did not seem to have any sorrow told.                                                                                                         19.19
“Oh lady, I am not interested in wealth  like the people of the world , who strive for it. Know that I am equal   to the sages who stand only in Dharma.”                                                                       19.20
“If I can do anything little which would please my father , please inform me , so that I will do it even sacrificing my life .”                                                                                                                           19.21
“There is no Dharma  that  is  greater  than  doing service to him and carrying out his orders .” 19.22
“Though not having been directly by this venerable one  due to your words , I would live in the solitary forest for fourteen years.”                                                                                                                          19.23
“Oh Kaikeyi , though you can rule over me  as you are godlike to me , you  have spoken  to the king , instead of me showing you did not trust me.”                                                                                       19.24
“I will take leave of my mother as well as Sita , will console them and today itself go the Dandaka forest”
“It is your duty to see that Bharatha should   rule the kingdom and also look after my father and this  is the  law which is  beginning less.”                                                                                                           19.26
Hearing the words of Rama  his father was struck with sorrow  and was not able to speak but cried loudly.                                                                                                                                                          19.27
Rama with great luster after paying homage to the feet of his swooned father  and to the feet of ungentlemanly  Kaikeyi came out.                                                                                                         19.28
After going round  his father as well as Kaikeyi  Rama came out  from the private apartment  and saw his friends.                                                                                                                                                       19.29
With eyes full of tears , his brother  Lakshmana  , the son of Sumithra who was greatly angry walked behind him .                                                                                                                                              19.30
Rama went round  the materials collected for the consecration, steadily looking  at those with reverence and later Rama slowly moved away.                                                                                                    19.31
Loss of kingdom  did not affect the wealth  and  great looks  of the beloved one of the people of the kingdom , just like  darkness of night cannot diminish the light of the moon.                          19.32
Though having decided   to  leave the kingdom  and go to the forest , no change of stance could be seen in that  one who is beyond the comforts of the world .                                                                      19.33
Abandoning the auspicious umbrella, decorated  fans  and chariot  and after taking leave of his own friends as well as  citizens , holding back  his sorrow of his in his mind , controlling his  senses , he entered his mother’s home to tell the unpalatable news to her.                                     19.34-19.35
All the glorious people around him  did not notice any change in the countenance of  the dignified Rama    who always spoke truth.                                                                                                                   19.36
Rama did not leave his usual happy looks  like the autumnal moon which never leaves  its usual brilliance.                                                                                                                                            19.37
The courageous and famous  Rama  honoured all people waiting there with his sweet speech  and entered his mother’s place .                                                                                                           19.38
His brother  the extra ordinarily   brave Lakshmana who was equal to him in virtues held back the sorrow in his mind and followed him.                                                                                                        19.39
Rama entered the palace with great happiness  and seeing his friends there , did not  show the great adversity that  has befallen him , so that they will not  get distressed.                                  19.40

This is the end of the nineteenth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

20. Kausalya laments

(Rama tells Kausalya about his father’s decision. She is greatly upset and is  sad that he is going  away   and afraid of bad treatment by her co-wives. She tells Rama that she will accompany him.)

While Rama, the tiger among men was leaving , from  the ladies of the private   apartment  great wailing arose.                                                                                                                                                                        20.1
“Rama without being recommended by his father  has been  by his private acts ,  our refuge  and is the protector  of the private apartments  and he is going on exile.”                                                                  20.2
“Right from his birth Rama was   devoted to his mother Kausalya ,  and he is now conducting in the same way towards  all of us.”                                                                                                                                         20.3
“He never got angry  even with all those who accused him and he avoids  all deeds causing anger , and he used to make those who get angry  soft  and that Rama is going to the forest on exile. “                20.4
“Without brain, Dasaratha  is giving up Rama who is  the protective  source of all beings  and by doing so he is destroying  the world of living beings”                                                                                                     20.5
Like this all the wives of the king felt like a cow separated from their calves  and they cried loudly  accusing their husband.                                                                                                                                    20.6
Hearing loud sound of  cries of distress  from his private apartments   the king was tormented by sorrow on account of his son and  Dasaratha sank down on his seat.                                                                20.7
However  the troubled  Rama who had control over his senses , heaving sighs like an elephant , along with his brother  went to the private apartment of his mother.                                                              20.8
There he saw a greatly honoured old man seated at the entrance while many people were standing. 
Seeing that Rama all of them stood up  and said, “ Victory   to the best among the victors , let your wealth increase.”                                                                                                                                             20.10
After   crossing the first courtyard  , he saw the second courtyard  and there he saw elderly Brahmins greatly learned in Vedas   and honoured by the king.”                                                                             20.11
After Rama saluted those Brahmins  , he saw the third courtyard   being guarded by  old people , women        and young children.”                                                                                                                                       20.12
Seeing him   with  increased joy  those  women entered  and informed mother of Rama about his arrival .
That lady Kausalya after waking up the entire night , in the morning was worshipping Lord Vishnu   for the welfare  of her  son.                                                                                                                                 20.14
That lady clad in silk cloths  in great delight , observed several penances  and after performing the ritual of auspiciousness  and was offering oblations to the fire.                                                                        20.15
Rama entered the  auspicious private apartments   of his  mother  and there he saw his mother  asking priests to  offer oblations in the fire.                                                                                                            20.16
Rama saw the materials like  curd , Akshatha Rice coated with turmeric) , ghee  , sweets and savories , and things required for oblation in fire like   Puffed grain , white  flowers , rice cooked in milk  , Gingelly and rice cooked together  and things like incense sticks   , and vessels filled with sacred water   , which were kept ready    for religious rituals.                                                                                            20.17-20.18
He saw  her Wearing white silk,  thin due to penances observed , engaged in making the gods happy   and looking like a deva  lady.                                                                                                                     20.19
Seeing her son after a long time, the mother   was filled with a great joy ,and she  with great joy  went towards    him  as if he was a  young child.                                                                                               20.20
Rama saluted his mother  and his mother came near him  and hugged him  tightly and smelled his head.     20.21
She spoke to the invincible Rama who was her soul like son  and that Kausalya due to the affection to her son spoke   the following affectionate words.                                                                                  20.22
“Suitable to your clan, have long life and attain fame like  old people protecting Dharma and  royal sages who were great people.”                                                                                                                              20.23
“Oh Rama go and see your father who greatly  values truth and that votary of Dharma will  consecrate   you as Yuvaraja.”                                                                                                                                            20.24
Rama , who was invited to take food by his mother  , after touching the seat and saluted  with folded hands  which were slightly raised  .                                                                                                         20.25
Rama who had innate humility  with seriousness   , devotion and with humbleness commenced    to tell   about his intended departure to Dandakaranya.                                                                                20.26
“Oh goddess like lady, perhaps you do not know that a   greatly fearful thing has happened  and it will cause sorrow to you, Vaidehi and Lakshmana.”                                                                                20.27
“I am going to Dandakaranya and this seat is of no use to me. , for the time has come for me to sit on a mat weaved with grass.”                                                                                                                       20.28
“For fourteen years I would be living  in the forest  without people  and I will be eating honey , fruits and roots like  sages and avoid meat.”                                                                                                      20.29
“The king is giving the position of Yuvaraja to Bharatha  and I will be living in Dandakaranya like a sage.  “
“For fourteen  years  I would live in   a people less  forest  and I would live there eating fruits and roots.”
Then that god like lady fell down like a branch of Sal tree cut by an axe in the forest and like a Deva from heaven falling on earth.                                                                                                                       20.32
Seeing her  affected by sorrow and falling like a Banana tree , he lifted up his mother , who has lost her consciousness.                                                                                                                                                  20.33
Like a mare which rolled on the ground due to the heavy burden , all her body was covered with dust  and  he slowly caressed her.                                                                                                             20.34
That Raghava sat near her who deserved happiness  but was sick due to its absence  and she  addressed   that tiger like man and  spoke , with Lakshmana listening to it .                                                       20.35
“Oh son, Raghava , why were your born to me?  Had I been childless , I would not experienced a sorrow as great as this.”                                                                                                                                 20.36
“ Oh my son, A barren woman would have only one  pain in the mind   of not having a child  and she does not have any other sorrow.”                                                                                                   20.37
“When my husband was ruling over me, I never experienced any auspicious  pleasure  and I was holding to my life hoping for it  from you , Rama.”                                                                                    20.38
“I being the eldest queen would hear , unpleasant  and heart breaking words  from my co-wives  , who are younger    to me.”                                                                                                                       20.39
“Nothing more sorrowful than these  can happen to a  lady, than these unending wails   and crying.”
“ Even Though you were near me , I used to  be neglected , and with you being away , death is certain to me.”                                                                                                                                                     20.41
“Treating me as equal to the attendants of Kaikeyi   and not giving me any independence , my husband used to restrain me.”                                                                                                                       20.42
“Those who were serving me or following me . after seeing the son of Kaikeyi will not even talk to me .”
“Oh son, will it be possible for me now  to look at the face of Kaikeyi , who used to talk harsh words to me   due to being very angry at me.”                                                                                          20.44
“Oh Rama after you completed  seventeen years    after birth , I always longed  for my  sorrows to come to an end.”                                                                                                                                         20.45
“Oh Rama , having grown old and having suffered this unending sorrow, I do not desire to be insulted by my co-wives.”                                                                                                                                   20.46
“Without seeing your face,  which shines like the full moon , how can I continue this  pitiful existence .”
“Doing great effort like fasting  and doing  Yoga,  with great sorrow , I have brought you   up  in vain.”
“My heart  does not break  after hearing the news , like   the banks of the river  does not break due to flood water   after a fresh rain.”                                                                                                   20.49
“Definitely death will not occur to me and there is no place for me in the world of the god of death ,  and so the god of death  will not drag   me like   a  lion dragging away a deer.”                       20.50   
“It is definite that  my heart is made of steel , for it does not break , even if earth falls over it. Though my body has surrendered to many great   sorrows, untimely death does not occur to it.”     20.51
“I am sad that all my mortifications, penances and charities have gone in vain . Even  my body which was hot due to severe penances  practiced for getting progeny , did not lead to results like a seed sown on a barren land .”                                                                                                                                    20.52
“If  any one suffering from great sorrow  can realize  untimely death  any time , since I am  like a cow without a calf , I would have gone to the region of dead people now itself .”                    20.53
“Oh Rama , without seeing you with a face like full moon, what is the meaning of continuing this life without meaning . Like  a enfeebled cow following  its calf, I shall  follow you to the forest , now itself.”
She filled with unbearable  pain,  and great anger and  was  crying a lot  and also seeing Rama , with greatly added sorrow , she looked like a kinnara woman whose son is imprisoned.         20.55

This is the end of the twentieth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

21. Lakshmana fumes, Kausalya dissents , Rama consoles

(Lakshmana in great anger    tells Rama  to disobey his father and if needed fight with Bharatha. Kausalya says that she is his mother and her words are to be obeyed. Rama consoles them.)

The helpless Lakshmana  hearing the greatly sorrowing mother of Rama  ,  addressed Kausalya    with words suitable for the occasion.                                                                                                                  21.1
“Rama going to the forest sacrificing the kingdom  and hearing the words of a lady  is  not liked by me             .21.2
“That king  who is  contrary to norms  and an  old man caught in the throes of passion  can speak any type of words , if he is incited by her.”                                                                                                         21.3
“I do not find  anything criminal or anything wrong  which merits his banishment from the kingdom and sending him away to the forest .  “                                                                                                               21.4    
“ Even in his absence I do not find any person, who can  find any fault in him, whether he is his enemy or a criminal.”                                                                                                                                                         21.5
“I do not think that anyone who is observing Dharma would sacrifice his son, who is like God , who is upright, who has subdued emotions and  one who is dear even to his enemies.”                              21.6
“Will any son  who has in his heart the matchless life of a king accept the words of a king who has again become a child.”                                                                                                                                              21.7
“Before any other human being knows about it, make this country yours immediately with my help.”
“Oh Rama , with me  armed with a bow to protect  you , who would be standing like  a god of death ,
Who can commit excesses on you?”                                                                                                          21.9
“Oh great man, I will make the city of Ayodhya   without people  using my sharp arrows, if any one there wants to cause harm to you.”                                                                                                                     21.10
“ If anyone is  on the side of Bharatha or anyone  has his interest in mind , I will kill all of them  as I know that a person of soft nature is always treated with disgrace .”                                                            21.11
“Even if our  father , without caring for   us, is instigated by Kaikeyi then, I would no more   see  him as our friend and I would imprison  and kill him.”                                                                                       21.12
Even if our Guru, without discriminating between good and bad  and   is haughty and takes recourse to a wrong path , then it is our duty  to punish him.”                                                                                   21.13
“oh best among men, based on what reason or what power , did  the king give away the kingdom , which is yours,  to Kaikeyi .”                                                                                                                       21.14
“ Oh  destroyer of pride of foes, After creating matchless enmity either with you or with me,  based on which strength did the king bestow the kingdom on Bharatha?”                                                       21.15
“Oh mother, I  truly love my brother from the bottom of my heart and I am taking an oath on my bow , the charities that I gave and on the sacrifices that I carried out.”                                                     21.16
“ You please know  that if  Rama were to enter a burning forest ,Oh god like lady, I would already be there .”                                                                                                                                                         21.17
“I would blow away your sorrow like a sun driving away the darkness. Oh god like lady, let you as well as Rama  see my valour.”                                                                                                                              21.18
Hearing these words     from the great Lakshmana ,   Kausalya  who  was crying caught in the web of sorrow , told Rama.                                                                                                                                 21.19
“Oh son, you have heard what your brother   has said so far  and if you like it , you have to do what is needed in this case.”                                                                                                                               21.20
“Hearing the  words spoken of my unjust co-wife, it is not proper for you to leave me , who is full of great sorrow.”                                                                                                                                           21.21
“Oh follower of Dharma , if you are a follower of Dharma  and wants to  act as per Dharma, you would serve Dharma better by remaining here.”                                                                                          21.22
“Oh son, Kashyapa , who did service to his mother  by living according   to rules  his  own home, was considered as one who has done divine penance and went to heaven.”                                     21.23
“Like your father merits your serious  worship  , I also merit that .I shall not permit you to go to forest , so you should not go.”                                                                                                                           21.24
“Being separated from you, I would not get any pleasure in life  and if I am with you , I can even live eating grass.”                                                                                                                                            21.25
“If you depart to the forest leaving me in a state of sorrow, I would seek death  by not eating anything.”
“Thereafter son , you will reach bad fame   , like the  world   famous ocean    which due to conduct against Dharma killed a Brahmin  and attained hell .”                                                                       21.27
Then that very depressed Kausalya  who was his mother cried and Rama  told her  , the words which follows Dharma.                                                                                                                                        21.28
“I do not have the strength to disobey my father .I bow you with my head  and tell you, “I Want to go the   forest.”                                                                                                                                              21.29
“Kandu , a sage  who observed penances  , who was a  learned man, and who was knowledgeable of Dharma   killed a cow upon the order of his father.”                                                                      21.30
“ Even in our clan  by the command  of their father Sagara went on digging and ultimately were killed.”
“Rama the son of Jamadagni  killed himself his mother  using his axe   in the forest  obeying the orders of his father.”                                                                                                                                                21.32
“Oh goddess like mother , like this  there are many  who have acted like gods  and obeyed the words of their father  and I shall also make the words of my mother true .”                                              21.33
“Oh great lady, I am not the only one who obeyed the words of my father , for all those  persons whom I mentioned had  obeyed the words  of their father.”                                                                      21.34
“I am not creating a rare Dharma and going against  Dharma , for I am only following the path followed by people earlier to me.”                                                                                                                     21.35
“Obeying the orders of the father which I am doing cannot be done in another manner for no one will perish doing that.”                                                                                                                               21.36
After telling like these to his mother , Rama who was an expert in language  and the best among expert archers    again told like this to  Lakshmana.                                                                                   21.37
“Oh Lakshmana, I know about your matchless love towards me  and I also know about your valour , strength   and  matchless energy.”                                                                                                    21.38
“Oh Lakshmana of   auspicious qualities , the sorrow of my mother is without  comparison  and due to that  she  does not have any opinion about truth and self restraint.”                                            21.39
“In this world Dharma  is supreme and truth  is  established in Dharma   and Dharma   says that it is best to follow    the words of father.”                                                                                                           21.40
“When a word is given to the father or mother or  a Brahmin Oh valorous one, one who depends on Dharma  should not allow it to go in vain.”                                                                                         21.41
“Oh hero, I cannot disobey fathers command    because it was told to me by Kaikeyi  , because she told it at the instruction of   my father.”                                                                                                          21.42
“So leave out the ungentlemanly thought which goes   against  the dharma of   royal clans  , follow Dharma, leave out  violence  and follow my decision.”                                                                     21.43
The elder brother of Lakshmana  addressed his brother affectionately in this way  and with folded hands and bowed head  , he again addressed his mother.                                                                          21.44
“Oh great lady , you may please swear on my life   permit me to go to the   forest  as I have decided to go to the forest .And then perform all ceremonies for my prosperity.”                                             21.45
“After completing my vow, I would again return to the city , like in olden times Yayathi left the heavens and reached it back again.  “                                                                                                                 21.46
“Om mother , control  your sorrow and make your heart pure and divine  . I will definitely come back after fulfilling my father’s  words.”                                                                                                                21.47
“Me , yourself, Sita, Lakshmana and Sumithra  would fulfill father’s words and obey  our beginning less  Dharma.”                                                                                                                                                    21.48
“Oh mother, withdraw  these preparations made, destroy the sorrow in the mind  and allow me to act as per Dharma and live in the forest.  “                                                                                                     21.49
Having heard these words confirming to Dharma, not showing distress or nervousness  that mother , felt as if she has come back from death and again told the following words to Rama.                      21.50
“Oh son , similar to your father  , I am also like a Guru to you like your father due to your Dharma as well as affection. I will not permit you to  go and you are not leaving me  and go away leaving me with this great sorrow.”                                                                                                                                            21.51
“What is this life to without you? I do not have any use of the other world  with nectar, food for manes  and  your presence  even for a very small time  brings me  greater satisfaction(fame)  in this world.”        
“Like men  creating great difficulties  for the great elephant  on its way by of burning firebrands , having heard the pitiable cries of his mother , Rama was greatly distressed.”                                            21.53
Rama who follows Dharma  addressing his mother who has almost lost her consciousness  and distressed Lakshmana    who was tormented  by suffering , spoke according to Dharma as he alone was competent to do it.                                                                                                                                   21.54
“OH Lakshmana , I know your devotion towards me as well as your great valour  but without understanding  my opinion , you along with mother are causing great pain to me .                   21.55
“Oh dear son, Dharma , Artha and Kama are  important , but people  are bothered more    about the fruits of Dharma , But I do not have any doubt whatsoever  that all these  join  for having an obedient wife   who gives us   good sons.”                                                                                                             21.56
“By giving up  those activities  in which all these   are not joined , we should try to do that action    which is only dharma oriented. The pleasure seeker   is not liked by this world   and he whose actions are dictated by desires  is  not admired by anyone.”                                                                                   21.57
“When the king who is our teacher , father and that too an old man , out of anger or  joy  or even passion   asks us  to do something , it is our Dharma to obey those orders  and it will be not be  obeyed only by one who is cruel.”                                                                                                                        21.58
“It will not be possible  for me  not to perform  completely and properly the order of  my father ,  for  both of us he is our Guru as well as father and for her our mother he is her husband ,  refuge as well as ultimate Dharma.”                                                                                                                                            21.59
“While that king of Dharma is alive , especially in his own path of Dharma , if at this time this venerable lady comes with me , it would be like an ordinary woman, who has lost her husband .”                  21.60
“Oh venerable lady, give me permission to go the forest  and I would return back   like the king Yayathi who returned to heaven  after leaving but please   perform rituals to enhance my prosperity.”     21.61
“Just for the sake of the kingdom, I will not forsake my respectability  and oh great lady  do not keep me back from my mission. The life is of a short duration  and I do not want to take this Kingdom against dharma.”                                                                                                                                                          21.62
“That a great man who wanted to depart to the Dandaka forest courageously , pacified his mother  and taught his younger brother of his good intentions and then went round his mother.                      21.63

This is the end of the twenty first  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

22.  Rama  consoles Lakshmana

(Rama explains the power of fate (The word used is Same as god) to Lakshmana. He requests him to disband all arrangements so that   his mother Kaikeyi does not get distressed.)

Then to his younger brother, who  was  miserable , especially greatly angry, and was  breathing like a king Cobra  and had eyes bulged to great     anger . That self possessed Rama   who has steadfast composure approached his beloved and nice hearted  brother Lakshmana and told .         22.1-22.2
“Destroy your anger and sorrow and  depend only  on your courage . Forget about insults and have within you only joy. You please discard whatever little has been arranged for my consecration and then start doing all that  would remove obstacles.”                                                                               22.3-22.4
“Oh son of Sumithra , show that great enthusiasm with which you made arrangements for my coronation   , to completely disband those same arrangements.”                                                       22.5
“ My mother Kaikeyi  whose heart   is   troubled   and fluttering  due to arrangements for my consecration  should not have any fearsome doubt by any of our actions.”                                    22.6
“I would not be able tolerate her doubts  which arise in her  mind even for a very small time and so do not neglect anything.”                                                                                                                                   22.7
“Intentionally I have not done anything at any time  and I have never done anything  contrary to the wishes of my father or mother at any time.”                                                                                           22.8
“Let the vow made by my father who always strove for the truth , who was valorous in upkeep of truth and who is now afraid  of the next world be made true  and let him not  have  any fear. “          22.9
“If whatever arrangements made for my consecration are not withdrawn , he would think that truth will not be kept up and he would be troubled by mental agony and  that would make me suffer.”   22.10
“Oh Lakshmana ,  because of that I want to immediately call of all these arrangements for the coronation and I will  go to the forest directly from here.  “                                                                 22.11
“After I depart that daughter of the king would  feel great success  and  quietly conduct the coronation of Bharatha.”                                                                                                                                                  22.12
“If I wear the bark as dress, and with matted hair   and carrying a deer skin  and go to the forest , then Kaikeyi will get pleasure of mind.”                                                                                                             22.13
“After composing my mind well and after great thinking , this   decision  has been taken. I do not want  to inflict any pain on him   and so I would go to the forest forthwith. “                                             22.14
“Oh son of Sumithra, fate should be seen as  the reason for my travel, and the awarding of kingdom to me as also  taking it away    from me  .”                                                                                                22.15
“For what reason  did Kaikeyi get determined to inflict pain on me , unless the thought   has been put in her mind by God or destiny.”                                                                                                                  22.16
“Oh Lakshmana,  between my mothers , I do not have any distinction and also Mother Kaikeyi does not differentiate  between me and Bharatha.”                                                                         22.17
“I do not find any reason for the reason for prevention of my consecration    as well as banishing me , and  her  bad  angry words , except destiny as I am not able to think of any other reason.”   22.18
“How can the daughter of the king , blessed with good nature  speak  such harsh words to me in front of her  husband   , like   a  uncouth ordinary woman.”                                                                        22.19
“It is not clear why the effect of fate  on all beings cannot be stopped and it is also clear that adverse destiny has fallen on me and Her(Kaikeyi) .”                                                                                   22.20
“Oh Lakshmana , which powerful  man can attempt   to fight with destiny  and its grip can only be seen after   some results occur.”                                                                                                                            22.21
“ Pleasure and pain, in fear , in anger , in birth and death , whatever occurs any time to us  is only due to the destiny.”                                                                                                                                          22.22
“Even those great sages who do rigorous penances are intensely troubled  by fate  and becomes unable to do their austere  penances to emotions  like anger.”                                                              22.23
“When Suddenly a very much unanticipated  hindrance takes place  takes place  to any act, it is deemed to be due to destiny.”                                                                                                                         22.24
“Even when my consecration was stopped , I did not have a feeling of sorrow , because I controlled it by using my intellect  .”                                                                                                                           22.25
“And so you  also follow me  who is not affected by any sorrow  and immediately disband all arrangements made for consecration.”                                                                                         22.26
“Oh Lakshmana, With the sacred waters collected  in the pots for my consecration, would be very useful to me for taking bath to commence my life of  penance.”                                                       22.27
“Otherwise what is the use of this material   , which has been collected spending the money of the kingdom. So I will use this water  collected by me to initiate my penance.”                       22.28
“Oh Lakshmana do not become sad due to the loss of the kingdom.  Between the kingdom and life in the forest, the latter brings glory to us easily.”                                                                                22.29
“Oh Lakshmana , in the matter of stoppage of the consecration  , our younger brother should not be blamed  ,because  fate was making those words of hatred. You know the great power of fate.”

This is the end of the twenty second  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

23.Lakshmana frets and fumes

(Lakshmana does not agree with Rama that fate is all powerful  and also he does not agree that  according to Dharma, he should go to forest.  He says he will kill everyone who stands  on his way and perform coronation of Rama.)

When Rama was speaking thus Lakshmana   kept his bent  hearing him with mind , midway from sorrow to joy.                                                                                                                                                    23.1
The best among men with a frown in between the eye brows ,, due to anger   and  breathed like a great serpent in its liar .                                                                                                                               23.2
Then with a frightening look and contracted eye brows , he shined   like an angry lion.      23.3
Shaking his forearm like an elephant shaking its trunk, holding his body and head erect  and with eyes staring straight   he told his brother.                                                                                              23.4
“Oh greatest among brave  of the royal clans, you have come to the conclusion  to go to the forest  feeling  that if you do not obey the commands of the father , harm will be done to Dharma and this hasty and unwarranted   conclusion was taken in an improper time . How are you telling that fate is all powerful when it really is powerless.”                                                                                     23.5-23.6
“What for are you praising fate as powerful while it is powerless? Why are  you not having any doubt  about those two sinners?”                                                                                                                             23.7
“Oh  Soul of Dharma, Why are you not recognizing   these are but  soft  deceptions  of Dharma ?you, who are known to be good should recognize  their   adamant  and selfish nature and repudiate them.”
“Oh Rama, if both of them had not decided  this action before, those boons promised to her would have been given long back?’                                                                                                                           23.9
“ Oh Valorous one, consecration to anyone other than you would be detested by all people  and I cannot tolerate this, so I deserve a pardon   from you? “                                                                           23.10
“Oh intellectual one, there is duplicity in your thoughts due to your association with Dharma and I do not like  it.”                                                                                                                                              23.11
“Though you are  capable of acting  why are you  following  the  unjustifiable  and fit to be  berated words of father  who is influenced by Kaikeyi and which are against Dharma .”                     23.12
“This treacherous deed made  by a guilty mind  is not being prevented by you, who has a right mind. I feel sad about it  and feel that such attachment to it   in not at all,  right.”                               23.13
“Those who two who are doing the penance of passion  are not bothered by your welfare .How can you carry out the wishes of those parents who are really your enemies?”                                        23.14
“If you are telling me that all this is the decree   of fate , it does not please   me to overlook what is happening? “                                                                                                                                            23.15
“While  a fear stuck coward follows destiny , the valorous   and respected souls     do not honour it.”
“Fate   cannot trouble a man who puts  very great effort  and such a  man  will not grieve by defeat and will not blame fate .”                                                                                                                             23.17
“Today every man will   see the strength of a man as well as strength of fate  and the difference between man and fate    would be clearly visible.”                                                                                         23.18
“Today people would see  that the fate is defeated   , by my masculine power , let   us defeat  destiny by  your   consecration.”                                                                                                                 23.19
“I will definitely win over   fate  , which  is like a madly running   elephant in rut , which is proud of its great strength   , which cannot be controlled by goad  nor shackled.”                                        23.20
“All the guardians of the different directions  of the  world   as well all the three worlds   united would not be capable of stopping Rama’s coronation . What of the king who is our father.”            23.21
“Oh king , those people who have planned to send you to the forest would themselves would reside in the forest for fourteen years.”                                                                                                            23.22
“And so I will  cut off the desire of your father as well as Kaikeyi, of obstructing your consecration and gifting of the kingdom to her son.”                                                                                                    23.23
“Those who oppose my strength by their strength as well as strength of fate , would experience great sorrow  , due to my very fierce  strength.”                                                                                       23.24
“After you administer for one thousand years  and after you have  gone to the forest ,  your sons would rule the country.”                                                                                                                                   23.25
“In earlier days the royal sages  were fated to live in the forest after    entrusting the kingdom to be ruled by their sons .”                                                                                                                                       23.26
“Oh follower of Dharma, if the king things in many directions, with   doubt the disturbances will shake the kingdom, , you need not have any apprehension about it. Oh valorous one , I am taking an oath  That I will protect  the kingdom like a ocean protects its banks and If I do not do it , I will not go the heaven of the heroes.                                                                                                                                       23.27-23.28
“With the auspicious materials already collected , be busy in  getting yourself crowned and I am  single handedly  confidant of   being able to drive away all kings.”                                                   23.29
“These two hands are  not there for ornamental purpose  and my bow is not an ornament  and this sword  is not for just  for tying to my waist and my arrows do not remain stationary   in my quiver  and all these are meant to tame all my enemies.”                                                                                       23.30 
“Anyone who desires to be my enemy  would not be allowed to remain alive any further.. Holding my sharp edged sword which would be able to   move like lightning , I shall kill my enemy , even if he is Devendra.”                                                                                                                                        23.31-23.32
“The entire earth would become a place where no one can enter   and one not possible to cross,  by those cut by my sword like , the trunks  , flanks and  heads of elephants   and by warriors killed by me.”
“Those who are cut by my sword would be burning like mountains   , as my enemies would fall to the ground like the lightning from rich clouds .  “                                                                                            23.34
“When I stand before them armed with a bow and a protector for the arm and fingers, which one will say that he is many among men ?”                                                                                                             23.35
“With many arrows I will strike one enemy and throw him down and with one arrow I will hit many  and I shall sent my arrows and hurt the vital parts of men. Horses and elephants.”                               23.36
“Today you will see the power of my powerful arrows struck with power by me  , and I will make the present king powerless  and make you the lord of this kingdom.”                                                     23.37
“ Today, Coated with sandal paste   and wearing crown, my arrows held in my hand ,which are meant for distributing wealth   and protecting friends, would perform the worthy act of putting down those who are causing cancellation of your coronation.”                                                                              23.38-23.39
“Point  out to me your enemy , who should be   cut off from  their life , fame and friends . Order me how you want this earth should become yours . I will get all those things done as I am your servant.” 
“Rama  who is the source of prosperity  of the clan of Raghus, wiped his tears again and again, consoled Lakshmana  and said to him, “Oh gentle man, “You should know that the right path for us is to follow the words of our father.”                                                                                                                                     23.41

This is the end of the twenty third  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

24.Kausalya  permits Rama to go  to the forest

(Kausalya  further tries to argue with Rama   but Rama tells her that her  duty is with her husband. With  a sorrowing mind Kausalya permits Rama to go to the forest.)

Kausalya seeing The Rama is bent upon obeying his father, told the following words  with tear filled  eyes  , which are   full of Dharma.                                                                                                              24.1
“How will  darling of all Rama who is a follower of Dharma who has never seen a sorrow , who is born to me and Dasaratha, live on grains collected from the ground.”                                                            24.2
“When his servants and maids   are eating  food and blessed  with ample amount of food, how will he like an orphan live  on fruits and roots.? “                                                                                              24.3
“Who would believe  that the Virtuous and affectionate    Rama would be banished this way and hearing which who will not tremble  .”                                                                                                                  24.4
“Oh Rama, who is the joy of the world, if you are required to go to the forest , It would be said that destiny which rules everything in this world , is indeed  very powerful.”                                        24.5
“If you who were born out of my body disappear like the wind, I will certainly wail with sorrow which are  my offerings to the fire  and shed tears   due to anguish  which are my  oblations  in the fire of  my  worry and tears. Oh son,  when your thought again and again returns to my mind, this intense sorrow would be produced. Such a fire of sorrow   tires me out   and burns me  like the dead trees of a forest are burnt by fire.”                                                                                                                               24.6-24.8
“Which  cow will not follow its dear calf wherever it goes  and like that I will follow you   wherever you go my son.”                                                                                                                                                  24.9
“As soon as his mother spoke out these words, the best among  men  heard them and he became extremely sad and spoke.”                                                                                                                   24.10
“After being deceived by Kaikeyi  and after I go the forest , if you also come    with the king will not live  further.”                                                                                                                                                   24.11
“If a woman deserts her husband it is a very cruel act   and so do not ever think  of any such action.”
“It is an eternal dharma  that as long as the king, who is the son of Kakustha clan lives  , You should do him service.”                                                                                                                                       24.13
The well meaning Kausalya who heard these words from Rama, , greatly pleased   told , “be it so.” 
Greatest among the upholders of Dharma , Rama  heard  what his mother told and told his very sad mother as follows.                                                                                                                            24.15
“It is the duty of you and me to obey the words of father, as he is to you , king, husband teacher and the greatest  God who protects you.”                                                                                                  24.16
“After spending  my time  in the great forest for fourteen years , I will return with joy and obey all your orders.”                                                                                                                                              24.17
When her dear son told like this the eyes of Kausalya were   filled with tears  and she who liked her son very much  told.                                                                                                                               24.18
“Oh Rama, it is very difficult to live in the middle of co-wives , Oh son of Kakustha clan, if you have decided  to go to  the forest , take me also along with you like a wild deer.”                                24.19
Seeing her crying this, Rama told  these words while he himself was crying “As long as woman lives, her husband is like a God to her and also her lord.”                                                                     24.20
“To me and to you , the king is  our great lord who can command us. How can we say that  we are without any lord   as long as that lord of the world lives.”                                                      24.21
“Bharatha who is a great follower of Dharma  also speaks sweetly  and as he is attached to Dharma, he would be obedient to you.”                                                                                                        24.22
“After I go away the king will be very sad due to my parting and at that time please put in efforts  and be alert that   he would not be stuck by  even little grief.”                                                       24.23
“See to it the extreme grief does not affect the health  of the king who is old  and ensure always that you are with a composed mind. “                                                                                                     24.24
“Though a lady is greatly virtuous , observes fast and also follows all  rituals ,if she does not follow her husband  , she would go towards sinful existence.”                                                             24.25
“But a lady who serves her husband would go to the highest heavens, even though she does not salute the Gods nor does worship to them.’                                                                         24.26
“It is the Dharma of the wife that she looks   after  her husband and keeps attention to his welfare and  this has also been  truth mentioned from ancient times and mentioned in the Vedas and declared in Shruthi.”                                                                                                                                       24.27
“Oh mother on my behalf do fire sacrifices and do worship of Gods with flowers  and also worship Brahmins    who do great penance on my behalf.”                                                             24.28
“Spending time this way    , please wait for my arrival  with love , taking food  as per need and doing service to your husband.”                                                                                                       24.29
“You will get all  desires fulfilled  when I come back, if the greatest among the followers of Dharma is able to live till that  time.”                                                                                                      24.30
When Rama told like this with her eyes filled with tears , That Kausalya who was distressed on account of what  her son told him.                                                                                                                  24.31
“I have not been able to dissuade from your firm resolution of going to the forest and it would be greatly difficult to spend that time.”                                                                                                 24.32
“You may go with a concentrated mind , may the lord keep you safe always . I would only be relieved of my sufferings when you come back.”                                                                                  24.33
“Oh great one, after you become satisfied after accomplishing your objectives  and fulfilled your undertaking given to father ,  and when you come back,  I will get peace.”               24.34
Oh son, your going away disregarding my words  , is what has been prompted by fate  and cannot be understood by the world.”                                                                                                   24.35
“Oh great warrior, you may go now and come back safely .Oh son return later and make me happy with your sweet voice.”                                                                                                                                 24.36
“Oh little son, how happy  it would be , if it is the day of your return   wearing matted locks and dress made of bark.”                                                                                                                                       24.37
She after seeing him determined to live in the forest  and that great lady after seeing him  with an excellent mind  and after talking to Rama who had auspicious qualities ,wanted to perform rituals to ensure prosperity of Rama.                                                                                                                  24.38

This is the end of the twenty fourth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

25.Kausalya  bids farewell to Rama

(Kausalya advices Rama about forest life, prays   for his safety   and bids him farewell.)

After abandoning her   tiresomeness, Kausalya purified herself by touching pure water, and performed auspicious ceremonies to Rama.                                                                                                             25.1
“Oh best among the Raghu clan, since I am not able to dissuade you, you may go now , but return speedily. Please follow the paths of good men.”                                                                                25.2
“Oh tiger among the Raghu clan, you would be protected by  performance of your  duty with great courage and self discipline .”                                                                                                                  25.3
“Let the salutations that you do in temples   and other sacred places  as well as the great sages  protect you.”                                                                                                                                                          25.4
“Let the sacred  weapons gifted to by the great sage Viswamithra , protect you, who is endowed with all good qualities.”                                                                                                                                        25.5
“Oh great warrior , let the service that you did to your father    as well as the service to mother  as well as the truth protect you for a long time.”                                                                                          25.6
“let the sacred sticks, sacred grass, holy rings made of Dharbha,  your leaning of Vedas, the temples, various peculiar sacrificial grounds , mountains , trees, plants, lakes , birds,  serpents as well as lions also protect you.”                                                                                                                                            25.7
Let Sadhyas, Viswedevathas, maruths , sages , Dhatha (the giver-Vishnu), Vidhatha( the decider-Lord Brahma), Sun, Bhaga ,Yama, Aryama and  Lokapala(protector of the earth) , all  bless you.                             25.8
“Let all the seasons, let the twin fortnights of the month, months, years , nights, days, divisions of days may bring good for you always.”                                                                                                          25.9
“Oh son, let memory, decision as well as Dharma protect   you always.. Let Skanda, gods, devas , moon, Bruhaspathi, seven great sages and  Narada provide you protection always.                     25.10-25.11
“Let all Sidhas, directions, gods of directions , who were all praised  by me , protect you always and from all directions in the forest.”                                                                                                                    25.12
“When you are living in the forest let all mountains, oceans, kin g Varuna, heaven, environment, earth, all rivers  and  all stars  as well as subsidiary devas , day and night, dusk, noon and dawn  protect you.”
“Let blessings, the six seasons, months, years, Kala and Kashta(minute divisions of time)  may show you the paths of welfare.”                                                                                                                                 25.15
“Let all those who wander in the forest in the garb of sages , devas who are the great sons of Adithi , asuras the sons of Dithi  bestow  pleasures on you.   “                                                                         25.16
Oh little son, let  the Rakshasas, Bhoothas   who are the horrible performers of evils as well as the flesh eating beings , not create fear in you and frighten you.”                                                       25.17
“Deep inside the dense forests let you not be troubled by monkeys, scorpions , gnats, mosquitoes,  and other  reptiles.”                                                                                                                                            25.18
“Oh little son , let not you be hurt by the deep incisors of Tigers and lions as well as big elephants,  bears with horns and  ferocious wild buffaloes.”                                                                                              25.19
“Oh son you would not be hurt by human flesh eating animals as well , ferocious other animals because I have  worshipped them and requested them not to harm you.”                                                           25.20
“Oh child, Let the paths that you travel be safe .Let you be blessed with occult powers , valour as well as all types of wealth. Oh Rama, please go safely.”                                                                                       25.21
“Let you be protected by devathas of the sky again and again from enemy kings, Let all devas protect you from all your enemies.”                                                                                                                        25.22
“ Oh Rama, let Guru, Sun, Moon, Khubera  as well as Yama Whom I have worshipped for your welfare  protect you in the Dandaka forest.”                                                                                                             25.23
“Oh Rama, let fire , wind , sun  and the sacred prayers chanted by great sages  protect you while you are taking bath.”                                                                                                                                               25.24
“Let Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma , sages and all other remaining devathas protect you , while you are in a forest.”                                                                                                                                                                25.25 
Thus the famous broad eyed one ,  worshipped with flowers and incense , using appropriate prayers worshipped     all the devas.                                                                                                                            25.26
After lighting of the fire , great and well read Brahmins according to law  gave offerings to different devas for the sake  of welfare of Rama.                                                                                                        25.27
The noble lady Kausalya   procured ghee, garlands of white flowers,  sacred sticks and  white coloured mustard seeds  for  offering them to gods.                                                                                                  25.28
The  priest according to rules of procedure  after performing the sacrifice for peace  ,  with the remaining materials performed  other sacrifices externally.                                                                    25.29
After having made the Brahmins  chant the Manthras of safety along with  honey , curds, rice and ghee , she made them recite the chants for conferring prosperity on Rama.                                                     25.30
The illustrious mother of  Rama,  gave monetary offerings to all the Brahmins  as desired by the Brahmins  and told the following words to Rama.                                                                                         25.31
“Let that auspiciousness which was bestowed   on the thousand eyed god , who is saluted by all devas , after the destruction of Vruthra , may  be bestowed on you.”                                                                  25.32
“Let the same auspiciousness which was wished by Vinatha (mother of Garuda) , praying for nectar on Garuda be bestowed on you also.”                                                                                                                 25.33
“Let the auspiciousness conferred by Adhithi on Indra   after the generation of nectar and killing   of all the asuras  be conferred  on you also.”                                                                                                          25.34
“The greatly lustrous Vishnu as Trivikrama occupied the three steps  as the three worlds and got glorified . Let the same auspiciousness  be conferred on you.”                                                                25.35
“ Oh Great   hero, May the good and auspicious seasons  , seas, islands, Vedas, worlds,  and the eight directions  bring you auspiciousness.”                                                                                                          25.36
The broad eyed pretty lady Kausalya , after telling  all this, placed all the remaining  of the offerings on Rama’s head , applied sandal paste on his body , for getting his  mission properly done  she  tied an amulet containing  Vishalyakarani herb on his hand  and muttered in a very low tone.        25.37-25.38
Caught in deep distress but acting as if she was greatly pleased , she said words  which did not come from her mind.                                                                                                                                             25.39
That   famous lady , bent down smelt his head  hugged him and told him, “Oh Rama go with joy, and fulfill your objectives in peace.”                                                                                                              25.40
“Oh son, I would happy to see you back  having no diseases  after    you achieved all your objectives  and then get firmly established in this kingdom.”                                                                                       25.41
“When you return from the forest , I would like to see you resembling the full moon, with no sorrow  me and me being  with full of joy.”                                                                                                               25.42
“Oh Rama, after coming from the forest  , occupy the throne, after completely  fulfilling the words of your father.”                                                                                                                                              25.43
“Oh Rama after   you have   returned  from the forest  with auspiciousness , you be engaged in fulfilling all    desires of me and my  daughter in law.”                                                                                       25.44
“Oh Rama I have worshipped Lord Shiva and others, several devas, great sages, Bhoothas, suras, serpents  as well as the eight directions,  and they will look after you when you are in the forest.”
Like this she with tear filled eyes , after completing all rituals  , went round Rama , again and again held him tightly and deeply embraced  him.                                                                                                  25.46
After  she went round him, Rama fell at his mother’s feet again and again  and that Rama shining in her glory went to Sita’s palace.                                                                                                                       25.47

This is the end of the twenty fifth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

26.Rama tries to bid farewell to sita

(Seeing the dejected Rama, Sita is upset and worried. Rama tells her what happened    and asks for her permission for him to go.He tells her , how she should live when he has gone   to the forest.)

After saluting Kausalya  who did  rituals for his welfare  That  follower of Dharma  Rama    got prepared to go to the forest with a firm resolve. He entered and illuminated  the royal avenue crowded with people , captivating the hearts of people by his virtues.                                                                     26.1-26.2
The daughter of Videha(Vaidehi) , since she was  doing penance had not heard about the developments and her mind thought  about only consecration of Rama.                                                                       26.3
With a very pleased mind she had done the service(worship) of the devas  as she was conversant with the royal  Dharma  and she was waiting for the prince.                                                                            26.4
Rama entered that well decorated palace from the road which was crowded by  joyous people  and with his slightly bent head was looking little sad.                                                                                               26.5
Sita sprang up from her seat and trembled to see her husband who was sad  and was in a greatly agitated state .                                                                                                                                                  26.7
Seeing Rama with a pale face , heavily perspiring and greatly thoughtful, , Sita became extremely sad and asked him, “Why are you like this?”                                                                                                      26.8
“Today with Bruhaspathi presiding over star Pushya has been declared as auspicious by  learned Brahmins  and why are with an upset mind?”                                                                                            26.9
“Your charming face protected by a hundred ribbed Umbrella , which is as white as the foam, does not  appear to be shining.”                                                                                                                                    26.10
“Why is it that your face similar to one hundred petal lotus  , is not being fanned  by chowries, as white and bright as   the moon as well as the lotus ? “                                                                                         26.11
“Oh best among men,  why is it that eloquent poets singing your praise  and bards praising your clan  in delightful and auspicious words , are not to be seen?”                                                                             26.12
“Why is it that those Brahmins  , who are experts in Vedas, after completing your consecration , have not confirmed it by sprinkling honey and curd on your head?”                                                               26.13
“Why are you not surrounded by citizens and why are  the  chiefs of guilds  and citizens of towns and villages  not following you? “                                                                                                                         26.14
“Why is it that ceremonial golden chariot drawn by four horses  which runs with great speed   preceding you, while you are coming here?”                                                                                                                26.15
“Oh valorous one, why am I  not seeing  the auspicious elephant who shines  like the dark clouds and resembles a mountain, which is being worshipped properly   lead your procession?”                     26.16
“Oh valorous one with very pleasant looks , why is it that your attendants are not carrying before you , your throne which is carved    in gold? “                                                                                                    26.17
“When all arrangements for the crowning have been made  why are you looking like this, with a pale face  and with no trace   of joy?  “                                                                                                              26.18
Seeing her who was wailing like this , that son of Raghu clan replied ”Oh Sita, my father who has a great luster is banishing me to the forest?”                                                                                                       26.19
“You were born in a great clan and you know and follow Dharma. Please hear daughter of Sita I will tell you how this happened.”                                                                                                                             26.20
“My father , the king Dasaratha had promised to give  my mother  two boons at an earlier time.” 26.21
“Today when arrangements for my coronation has  been made by the king , she had requested for the boons and he had to agree  to it because  of Dharma.”                                                                            26.22
“She had asked that I should go to the Dandaka forest for fourteen years  and my father should consecrate Bharatha   as the Yuvaraja.”                                                                                                     26.23
“I have come here to meet you before going to the lonely forest . You should not praise  about my qualities in front of Bharatha, because people who are intelligent cannot tolerate    the praising of others. Because of this do not mention about my qualities  in front of Bharatha.”                 26.24-26.25
“At any time , you cannot expect any special treatment from Bharatha, but  if you talk things favourable to him, you can exist near him.”                                                                                                                    26.26   
“The king has conferred on him  the position of hereditary  title  of  Yuvaraja   and so you have to keep him well pleased. You also have to keep the king pleased.”                                                                    26.27
“For fulfilling the oaths given to my father  ,  I am going to the forest immediately  , Oh Sita who has occupied my mind  be firm and courageous.”                                                                                             26.28
“Oh faultless and auspicious Sita,  the forest is occupied by sages and  here you keep yourself engaged in doing  penances and austerities.”                                                                                                             26.29
“Get up at dawn and perform worship of Gods as per rules laid out and then you please salute my father Dasaratha who is the king.”                                                                                                                           26.30
“My mother is an old woman and affected by great sorrow and apart from your duty she   deserves your respect.”                                                                                                                                                           26.31
“You should daily salute all my mothers and also  look after them as from point of view of love , affection and service, they are all equal to me.”                                                                                        26.32
“Bharatha and Shatrugna   are  as dear as my souls to me and so you have to look at both of them like your  brothers and sons.”                                                                                                                               26.33
“Bharatha is now the king and the lord of our clan as well as country and so you should  do no activity which is not liked by him.”                                                                                                                            26.34
“The kings would be pleased  with good conduct as well as good service to them  and they would get upset/angry if contrary acts    are noticed.”                                                                                               26.35
“And auspicious one , live here being obedient to the  king Bharatha and also  live here doing the penance of truth and Dharma,”                                                                                                                  26. 36
“Oh darling, I am going to the great forest . Oh pretty one , you live here  without causing harm to anybody  and I request you to obey these words.”                                                                                  26.37

This is the end of the twenty sixth    chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

27. Sita requests Rama to take her to the forest.

(Sita  tells that  without Rama , even heaven would be like hell to her.  She tells that if Rama is present , she will enjoy her life in the forest.She says ,she would prefer to die , if she is left out in Ayodhya.)

Hearing all this the sweet talking , Daughter of Janaka who merits  to be loved , became angry with her husband due to love and said.                                                                                                                        27.1
“Why are you talking like this Rama,? Oh son of the king, people   would  ridicule you for these light hearted  words spoken to me.”                                                                                                                      27.2
“Oh my husband, the mother, father , brother , son and daughter in law , would receive things according to the blessed deeds done by them  and would  experience  prosperity according to  their own fate only.”                                                                                                                                                                   27.3
“Oh great man but wife alone shares the fate of her husband and therefore if you are going to live in the forest,  I also would live there.”                                                                                                                     27.4
“In this world and in the next husband alone is the refuge of a lady   and not her father, son, her own soul, mother  or her friends.”                                                                                                                           27.5
“Oh Rama, now itself I will accompany you  even if you are going to  very dense and harsh forest , walking in front of you crushing the thorns as well as the Kusa grass and make the way comfortable for you to walk.”                                                                                                                                                         27.6
“Oh valorous one, anger and hatred , which have arisen due to your banishment  are like water left over in the drinking pot after you drink and should be thrown out without hesitation  and  not taking me with you is a sin.”                                                                                                                                                         27.7
“A woman  in all the stages  of her life would prefer to live on the shadow of her husband instead of living in palaces  and mansions or wandering in the path of the sky.”                                                     27.8
“My father and mother have taught me about the duties that I have to perform under different circumstances  and so I need not be taught about them now.”                                                                27.9
“I will also go to the impassable  forest , which has bees deserted by men  but teeming    with various types of animals including  tigers and other wild beasts.”                                                                        27.10
“I would live happily in the forest considering it as the home of my father  without thinking of the three worlds but thinking of   only my virtue  as a wife.”                                                                                     27.11
“Oh valorous one  , I shall observe the vow of celibacy , do  services to you   and wander along with you   in  the honey scented forest.”                                                                                                                       27.12
“Oh person with great honour,  you are  capable of protecting everyone in the forest and what is the need to doubt about me?”                                                                                                                              27.13
“Oh great one, Without any doubt whatsoever, I shall go with you today to the forest and no power can prevent me from doing it.”                                                                                                                              27.14
“I would live with you , without causing any sorrow to you and would live by eating fruits    as well as roots.”                                                                                                                                                                   27.15
“I would like to see the rivers, mountains and lakes  and also along with you without any fear   with   the  company  of  the very powerful you.”                                                                                                            27.16
“I would like to see  comfortably   in the company of yourself who is a great warrior , lakes filled with swans and water cranes and ponds filled with fully open lotus flowers.”                                            27.17
“Observing penance daily   and taking bath (anointing myself) daily in those lotus ponds , I will be living  with you giving you great happiness .”                                                                                                       27.18
“ I am of the opinion  , that if I live  like that with you  thousand years or even one hundred thousand years , I shall not feel any problems and would prefer that life   to that of living in heaven.”         27.19
“Oh Rama, oh tiger among men,  even a  life in heaven but  living  without your company would not interest me .”                                                                                                                                                   27.20
“I would go along with you to the impassable forest filled with  monkeys  as well as elephants   and live there like it is the home of my father  and live a disciplined life taking  your feet    as my refuge.”  27.21
“Since I am not having any other thought  except love towards you , If I live away from you, I would definitely die and so you please take me along with you  and I would never become a burden to you. 
Though she was talking like this  to the lover of Dharma  , that prince was not  prepared to take her with him  and he talked  about the very many problems of life   in the forest   to dissuade her .               27.23

This is the end of the twenty seventh  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

28. Rama  tells reasons  for not taking Sita.

(Rama then tells large number of realistic reasons which would make life in forest difficult for a lady  and says , he will not  take her with him.)
That expert in Dharma who liked  Dharma spoke to Sita , thinking about  the difficulties   in the forest  and not willing to take her there.                                                                                                                   28.1
That Soul of Dharma seeing her  eyes  made dirty by the copious tears , having consoled her , told the following to dissuade her  again.                                                                                                                    28.2
“Oh Sita , you belong to a very noble family  and you are engaged in duties protecting Dharma. If you practice your ritualistic dharma     staying here , I would be happy.”                                                     28.3
“Oh Sita, Oh weak lady, please do as I tell you. There are many problems in the forest  and I shall tell them about them and so please listen.”                                                                                                     28.4
“Oh Sita, leave out  the idea of living in forest from your brain. It is impenetrable   and has many great hardships. “                                                                                                                                                       28.5
“I am telling these words with your welfare  in your mind . I do  not know that  it is full of pleasures but is  full of  very many sufferings.”                                                                                                                  28.6
“It is fearful and a source of pain to hear the sound of   water  falling from a mountain along  with the roar of a lion from within the cave.”                                                                                                         28.7
“Mad animals moving about freely in deserted places in the forest  would attack men on seeing them, Oh Sita, this  is another great source of danger.”                                                                                            28.8
“The rivers filled with mud and infested  with crocodiles  are difficult to be crossed by even a mad elephant  and such things life in  forest dangerous.”                                                                            28.9
“With places  with no water and pathways covered with creepers having thorns  , echoing with the sounds of water fouls   make the life  in the forest dangerous.”                                                     28.10
“You should sleep when you are exhausted  on a bed of leaves spread on the  self broken earth and these make the life in a forest dangerous.  .”                                                                                       28.11
 “Oh Sita, after restraining oneself at night we have to get satisfied by eating  fruits    fallen from trees, and  these  make the life of forest    dangerous.”                                                                                 28.12
“Oh daughter of Mithila  , sometimes we have to fast due to non availability of food,  and we have to wear a heavy  matted hair    and also wear dress made of bark.”                                                     28.13
“We have to worship devas and manes as per prescribed rituals and hospitably receive and treat guests arriving unexpectedly.”                                                                                                                             28.14
“We have to wander in the forest observing prescribed rituals   and take bath  three times a day , and this makes life in a forest difficult .”                                                                                                       28.15
“Oh young girl, You should make offerings with flowers which are collected by your own hands according to  the rules of the learned and this makes life in the forest difficult.”                         28.16
“The people who live in the forest    should be satisfied with whatever   food they get there  and  this becomes our happy duty and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                    28.17
“Wind and darkness are extremely great in the forest  and daily there will be great hunger as well as fear, and this makes life in forest difficult”                                                                                         28.18
“Oh pretty lady, Various types of reptiles crawl in the ground of the forest and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                                                                                                                    28.19
“The serpents which live in rivers move crookedly  like  rivers  and obstruct  our path, and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                                                                                                   28.20
“Frail lady , butterflies , scorpions,  insects, mosquitoes and flies would trouble us daily, and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                                                                                            28.21
“Oh pretty lady, With thorny trees with their branches interlaced on the top and  kusa grass and reeds 
below, obstruct the way, and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                  28.22
“Those who live in the forest  suffer various illnesses  and fears of various types, and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                                                                                                      28.23
“Giving up anger and avarice and  doing activities like a sage  and mind  should not be scared in scary  situations, and this makes life in forest difficult.”                                                                          28.24
“Therefore forest life is not suitable to you and so you are not going to the forest and when I rethink , I find many more problems.”                                                                                                               28.25
“When the great Rama   took a negative decision regarding taking her to the    forest, and did not follow the  words of Sita, with great sorrow, she told again.”                                                                 28.26

This is the end of the twenty eighth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

29.Sita pleads    with Rama , to take her  to the forest

(Sita tells Rama that astrologers had predicted that she would live in the forest. She further tells him, that with him to protect her, she would be safe.)

Hearing these words , Sita who was made sorrowful by Rama, with flowing tears from the eye told slowly as follows.                                                                                                                                            29.1
“All those difficulties that you mentioned  against living in the forest  because  to you who is virtuous accompanying me with love , would fly away.”                                                                                          29.2
“Oh Rama, those  deer, Lions  , elephants  , tigers, Sarabhas , birds srimaras  , and wild beasts  wandering in the forest  , seeing you , whom they have not seen before  would run away  due to great fear arising within them.”                                                                                                                      29.3-29.4
“As per the instructions of my elders and  teachers, I have to go to the forest along with you  and also , if I part with you, I would give up this life.”                                                                                                    29.5
“Oh Rama , if I live in  yor company , even Indra , with all his might , will not be in a position to trouble me.”                                                                                                                                                                    29.6
“Oh Rama , with great liking to me, you have instructed that a wife cannot/should not  , live    without the company of her husband.  “                                                                                                                     29.7
“Oh very intelligent one, Moreover when I was in my father’s house ,  great Brahmins who have having heard  about me has foretold that I will have  to live in forest for some time.”                                  29.8
“Oh mighty one, Having heard the words of the great Brahmins based on my   form, I had been daily  desirous of living   in the forest.”                                                                                                                 29.9
“Oh beloved , it is necessary for me to obtain permission to   stay along with you  in the forest, for  There is no question of my not  accompanying to the forest.”                                                                       29.10
“The prediction will come true and I will accompany you to the forest . The time has arrived for the prediction of the Brahmin to  be realized.”                                                                                              29.11
“Oh valorous one, I am aware of the several hardships that are likely to happen in the forest  and know that such hardships are experiences by those whose senses   are not under their control.”        29.12
“When I was young and living in my father’s house, a beggar woman saint  predicted  forest life for me in front of my mother.”                                                                                                                                    29.13
“Oh Lord , earlier  you had favoured  my services to you  for a long time and now I desire to live   with you in the forest.”                                                                                                                                        29.14
Oh Rama, may you be safe. Since  then I am waiting  for departing to the forest  and I would very much like to follow my valiant  Lord to the forest.”                                                                                        29.15
“Oh pure hearted one, by following the husband with love , I would become a lady without sins , as husband is my God.”                                                                                                                                   29.16
“I have heard from pious and venerable  Brahmins that  I would live auspiciously with you even after death  for , Oh greatly intelligent one, That woman , who in this world is  given by her father with offering of water according to religious tradition , belongs to her husband even after his death.” 
“ I , being  a virtuous  woman of good conduct  belonging to you , why are you not interested  from taking me from this place.”                                                                                                                       29.19
“I am your devotee, a virtuous wife who is depressed  and an equal  your pleasures and sufferings, and so  it is  only proper  for you  to share your sorrows and joys.”                                                        29.20
“If you do not wish to take me , who is suffering very great sorrow  , to the forest, , then I shall take refuge  in poison or water or fire, which  would become    my cause of death.”                         29.21
Though she pleaded about coming with him  with the very strong one in various ways , he was not willing to take her to the desolate   forest.                                                                                          29.22
When told like this the  worried daughter of Mithila  shed warm tears on the ground  so as to wet the ground   before her.                                                                                                                                 29.23
That spirited son of Kakustha dynasty  consoled in many ways That  greatly sad , Sita  in very many ways. 

This is the end of the twenty ninth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

30.Rama permits Sita to accompany him. 

(Sita lashes out at her husband and makes it clear that   she would not live without him. Understanding her spirit Rama permits  her to accompany him  and tells her to distribute all her luxurious possessions among her servants and Brahmins.)

To Rama who was trying to appease  the daughter  of Janaka  regarding  living in the forest , she spoke the following addressing her husband.                                                                                                          30.1
That Sita pleading for a very noble demand   to Rama who had a broad chest , out of her love for him and out of  pride  started blaming him.                                                                                                         30.2
“Oh Rama , I do not know what the king of Mithila who was also a lord of Videha   thought of you, who are a woman in man’s garb, before accepting you as his son in law?”                                                    30.3
“Alas if the people say that there is no luster in Rama who is like the sun god , it would be something told out of ignorance. “                                                                                                                                     30.4
“You  want to desert me, who does not have any refuge , out of sorrow  and fear. Please tell me   the reason for that.”                                                                                                                                                30.5
“Oh Valorous one I am like Savithri  who faithfully flowed   Sathyavan the son of Dhyumathsena  and please know that I am  under your subordination .”                                                                                  30.6
“Oh blemish less Rama , I am not like any other ordinary woman who brings disgrace to the family .My mind will not even think about anyone except you and so I shall go to the forest along with you.”  30.7
“Oh Rama, I am your youthful wife  who has been living under your control as a virtuous wife .Why are you interested in handing over to me to someone else  like an actor?”                                                30.8
“Oh blemish less Rama, Whose welfare are you speaking about. For whose sake are  you preventing me from coming along with you, though I shall be subservient to you.”                                                     30.9
“You being my lord , do not merit to go to the forest without me . I would be always with  you whether to do penance in the forest or  towards a journey to heaven.”                                                            30.10
“I would  not feel even a little amount of discomfort on my way if I travel behind you as I will it as a   luxurious journey on a luxurious coach.”                                                                                                   30.11
“With you on the way the harsh thorny plants like Kusha, sara and Ishika  as well as other trees, will be to me as soft as cotton or the skin of a black deer.”                                                                                  30.12
“Oh attractive one, the sand raised by  the  stormy wing would be considered as a dust of sandal by me and will not cause me harm.”                                                                                                                        30.13
“When I live in the middle of the  forest and walk in the forest  ,  I will lie down on  the meadows of  green grass  and I would get more happiness   than sleeping  on the couch spread with carpets.”30.14
“Even you bring a little quantity of leaves  , roots and fruits  and give it to me , they would taste like nectar   to me.”                                                                                                                                               30.15
“There I will not think of my mother , father or home , while I enjoy the seasonal flowers and  fruits of the forest.”                                                                                                                                                      30.16
“There you will not be able to see me bored and so you would not become sad due to my activities  and I will not be a burden to you.”                                                                                                             30.17
“Your company is like a heaven to me and being away from you is like hell  and so understand  my love to you , and go with me to the forest.”                                                                                                       30.18
“I am a determined lady bent upon going to forest  and If you do not take me there , immediately I will drink poison , but I will not live    with my enemies.”                                                                               30.19
“Oh lord , if you abandon me  there would be no life for me who is sad and so it would be better for me to die.”                                                                                                                                                               30.20
“I would not be in a position to tolerate  sorrow , even for a moment  and how can I tolerate it for fourteen years.”                                                                                                                                               30.21
Thus caught in the grips of great sorrow , she cried pitiably,  embraced her husband tightly    and wailed in a loud voice.                                                                                                                                                 30.22
Like a she elephant pierced by poisoned arrows  she lashed at Rama with rain of words and unrestrained tears , like a flame produced by  rubbing one stick to another.                                                              30.23
Out of great distress tears which were like crystals sprang from her eyes which were like the water on a lotus leaf.                                                                                                                                                          30.24
Her face which was like the spotless full moon , due to the flowing of tears from her very expressive eyes withered like lotus plucked from water.                                                                                                     30.25
Rama hugged her  who appeared   fainted due to great sorrow,   by his hands , pacified her and told her.                                                                                                                                                                     30.26
“Oh lady, I do not desire even heaven at the cost of your grief  and there is not even a little fear in me like the self created being.”                                                                                                                            30.27
“Oh auspicious lady, Without knowing about your real view on this matter , I never wished you to live in the forest though  I am capable of protecting you.”                                                                                  30.28
“Oh daughter of Mithila, since you were created for going to the forest with me , as a self respecting man, I cannot abandon you  as I cannot abandon my  fame.”                                                                30.29
“Oh lady who has thighs like the trunk  of an elephant , this was the Dharma practiced earlier by beings like Suvarchala  following the sun.”                                                                                                            30.30
“Oh daughter of Janaka,  I could not say, “I will not go there”  when the truth nourished by my father ordered me to go to the forest.”                                                                                                                  30.31 
“Oh lady with well formed  posteriors, Obedience to father and mother is an act of Dharma  and because of that I do not want to disobey their truthful order and continue to live.”                        30.32  
“Mother, father and Guru are always within our reach, and so how can we not obey them and then try to worship God who is not visible?”                                                                                                            30.33 
“Oh lady with pretty eyelashes, those three are  equal to  the three  worlds   and in this world there is nothing as holy as them and so they   are to be worshipped.”                                                              30.34
“ Oh Sita, Neither truth nor charity nor sacrifices with payment of Dakshina  are considered as    efficacious   as   doing service to father.”                                                                                                   30.35
“If one fulfills   the desire of father (elders?)  , it is not  even slightly difficult to achieve  heaven , money , grains , knowledge , sons  and all other pleasures.”                                                                                 30.36
“Great men who are devoted only to the service of their father  and mother  , would easily attain the worlds of devas or Gandharwas or Lord Vishnu or Lord  Brahma or any other desirable worlds.”  30.37
“ Whatever command  my father who is well established in the path of truth and Dharma   , gives  , I desire to obey them as they are indeed   the eternal truth.”                                                                 30.38
“Oh Sita, my mind is determined to take you to the Dandaka forest   as  you are determined  to follow me and say that you would live there.”                                                                                                      30.39
“Oh exquisitely handsome lady whose eyes are like wine , you have been created to accompany me to the forest and so  you can follow me and assist me in doing my Dharma there.”                             30.40
“Oh wife, Oh Sita, You have taken the  auspicious decision which is highly fitting to the Dharma of  your family, yourself and myself.”                                                                                                                        30.41
Oh lady with auspicious posteriors, commence  doing all that is necessary to  reside in the forest  and without you even heaven will not please me.”                                                                                         30.42
“Give jewels to the Brahmins and food to the beggars  and gifts to all the needy persons. Do not delay    and do  all this with great speed.”                                                                                                               30.43
“Give to your servants  costly ornaments, blessed apparels, whichever things are charming and meant for entertainment , couches palanquins and all other such things. Give all the rest to Brahmins.” 
That lady Sita , understanding that her husband was favourable for her departure to the forest  was greatly pleased and started distributing her things.                                                                            30.46
That famous one  , having heard the  words of her husband , with happiness   completely filling her heart,   That lady  with heart willing to give , started giving  away  her wealth and gems .        30.47

This is the end of the thirtieth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

31. Lakshmana also is permitted to   go to forest

(Lakshmana requests permission to accompany Rama and Sita. Initially Rama protests saying that Kaikeyi would trouble Kausalya and Sumithra . Lakshmana points out the virtues of Bharatha  and said that their mothers would be safe. Lakshmana is permitted to accompany Rama and Sita.)

Lakshmana , the delight of the Raghu clan , who had already come there   already , heard the conversation between Sita and Rama   and was unable to bear the sorrow  and his eyes were  filled with tears and  he caught hold of the feet of Rama tightly  and he who had done great penance  addressed  the famous Sita and Rama    and told .                                                                                                  31.1-31.2
“If both of you have taken  a decision to go to the forest filled with deer  and elephants , I also shall accompany you    and walk there in front of you holding the bow.”                                                        31.3
“You will roam many  forests  echoing   with  the sounds  from all directions  of multitude of birds and animals  in my company.”                                                                                                                                 31.4
“Without you I have no desire to  either conquer  the world of devas nor get immortality  nor  the sovereignty over  the worlds.”                                                                                                                         31.5
Hearing these words of the son of Sumithra   who had decided  on living in the forest , Rama  tried to console him and dissuade him and then Lakshmana told.                                                                        31.6
“ Earlier you had given permission to come  and so why are you now preventing  my coming with you? “
“Oh man without any blemish , Why this protest when I want to go with you  and so I request you to clear this doubt in my  mind.”                                                                                                                        31.8
Then  Rama with the great luster  told Lakshmana   who was in front of him , who was prepared to walk in front of him in the forest and who was  begging him with folded  hands.                                      31.9
“You  have always been affectionate, follower of dharma and  a valorous one. You always travel by the path of goodness . You are my obedient brother , a great friend and more than a soul to me.”       31.10
“Oh son of Sumithra , if you come to the forest     along  with me  who would look after Sumithra   and Kausalya  who are with Great fame.”                                                                                                            31.11
“The great lustrous king  who used to shower favours  to his people   like the god of rain  is now in the clutches of passion.”                                                                                                                                        31.12
“Kaikeyi the daughter of Aswapathi  , if she gets control over the kingdom , would make the co-wives sad   and  would not bother about their welfare .”                                                                                    31.13
“Once Bharatha  obtains the kingdom  setting all his confidence on Kaikeyi , will not remember Kausalya and   the  very sad Sumithra.”                                                                                                                        31.14
“Oh son of Sumithra either by  your own efforts or  by taking the help of the king , accomplish the objective of looking after the welfare of venerable Kausalya.”                                                                31.15
“Oh  master of Dharma, If you do this for me   , you would have shown clearly your devotion to me  and worshipping of the elders  is a matchless   and great Dharma.”                                                               31.16
“Oh son of Sumithra, Oh son of the Raghu clan, please do this for me because deprived of our  company , they would not experience any happiness.”                                                                                            31.17

Hearing these gentle  words of Rama, Lakshmana, the expert in speech   and an expert   in eloquence Lakshmana  replied to  him.                                                                                                                          31.18

“Due to your great power oh valorous one, Bharatha will worship Kausalya  and Sumithra  in a humble manner.”                                                                                                                                                           31.19

“One thousand villages obtain their  wherewithal   from Kausalya,  and such a Kausalya  can support one thousand persons like me.”                                                                                                                           31.20

“That famous lady Kausalya can not only look after herself , but she can look after Sumithra    as well as   me.”                                                                                                                                                                     31.21

“You make me  your companion  and this is not considered against Dharma  and I would have also accomplished  my objective  and your object would be fulfilled.”                                                            31.22

“Holding   a bow and arrow as also a basket and a spade , I will walk in front  , giving directions to your   way.”                                                                                                                                                                     31.23

“I will collect fruits and roots and any other  thing which is eatable  and provide you food fit to the ascetics.”                                                                                                                                                               31.24

“When you go for a stroll for pleasure on the mountain tops  or when you are awake or when you are asleep  , I would  do every task of yours.”                                                                                                        31.25

Rama after having been highly pleased by these words said, “Oh Lakshmana , go and take leave from all your friends.”                                                                                                                                                        31.26

“Oh Lakshmana, the great Varuna  gave two divine awesome looking bows ,   two shields that cannot be penetrated ,   two inexhaustible quivers  and  two swords  plated with gold and shining like  Sun  to  King Janaka during a fire sacrifice . All these , after being worshipped have been deposited by me in the house of our Guru Vasishta.  Please go and collect these and come back quickly.”                   31.27-31.29

Lakshmana who has decided to live in the forest , took leave of his friends , went to the home of the Guru of Ikshuvaku clan and collected the  weapons.                                                                                  31.30

The tiger among princes Lakshmana , after worshipping those divine weapons, decorated them with flower garlands  and showed them to Rama.                                                                                               31.31

That very spiritual Rama  looked lovingly at Lakshmana who has arrived  and told him, “Oh gentle Lakshmana , you have come back at the exact moment as desired by me.”                                         31.32

“Oh Lakshmana who defeats his enemies, I want to give away , along with you, all my wealth to ascetic Brahmins.”                                                                                                                                                          31.33

“To the best of the Brahmins who are highly devoted to their Gurus as well as those of them who are dependent on me  for their livelihood,  I want to distribute freely all my wealth.”                             31.34

“Go and bring Suyajna , the son of sage Vasishta  and all Brahmins belonging to a high race(pravara) , swiftly so that , I can pay my homage to them and then go to the forest.”                                            31.35


This is the end of the thirty first   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

34.Rama distributes his wealth

(Rama distributes all his matchless   and enormous wealth to all the Brahmins  including Suyagna, Vasishta and a poor learned Brahmin called Trijata)

After hearing that auspicious command that he liked , Lakshmana went and entered the home   of Suyagna.                                                                                                                                                                 32.1
Lakshmana  went and saluted that Brahmin who was near  the fire sanctuary  and told him, “Oh friend, come to the house of Rama and  see  the task which is difficult  to be accomplished by any other man.”
After performing the ritual of the twilight , he along with Lakshmana swiftly went to the pretty and prosperous palace of Rama and entered there .                                                                                             32.3
When Suyagna  who was well versed in Vedas  and who was shining like sacrificial fire entered there , Rama along with Sita worshipped him with folded hands  and went round him.                                    32.4
Then the son of the Kakustha clan, gave in worship to Suyagna, golden anklets , auspicious ear rings , pearls strung in golden chains, crowns, armlets  and several other costly jewels and upon  the request of Sita told him.                                                                                                                                                 32.5-32.6
“Oh my gentle friend,  at this time Sita wants to give to your wife , her  necklace , gold chain and girdle and so please take them also.”                                                                                                                           32.7
“Oh friend, Sita who is departing to the forest with me  wants to give your wife her armlets as well as her auspicious bracelets .”                                                                                                                                  32.8
“Sita also wants to give  her couch with exquisite bed spread woven with various type of gems  to be used in your home .”                                                                                                                                           32.9
“Oh great Brahmin, my maternal uncle gave me an elephant  called Satrugna. I am giving him along with another thousand elephants to you.”                                                                                                             32.10
When Rama Told him like this Suyagna accepted all those gifts  and bestowed auspicious blessings on Rama, Sita  and Lakshmana.                                                                                                                             32.11
There after Rama who talks sweetly , addressing his very beloved brother  Lakshmana , similar to Lord Brahma addressing Indra told.                                                                                                                         32.12
“Oh son of Sumithra,  please invite sage Agasthya and sage Kaushika , who are two great Brahmins  and shower on them the precious gems just like crops are showered with rain.”                                        32.13
“Oh great hero with great self respect, you also satisfy them with thousands of cows, gold , silver  and precious gems.”                                                                                                                                                 32.14
“Oh Lakshmana give away  chariots , maid servants   and silk cloths till he attains satisfaction to a Brahmin who is   greatly learned in Thaithreeya Samhitha  branch of the Vedas , who is agreeable to attend on Kausalya ’s religious needs.”                                                                                                32.15-32.16
“Minister of our father , charioteer Chithraratha has been in our service  for many years .Please gratify him with gifts of highly valuable jewels, cloth , wealth , cows with young female calves in ten hundreds.”
“ Oh Lakshmana , there are many celibate students of Katha and Kalalapa branches of Vedas , who hold a staff in their hand , having great character due to their daily study of Vedas , who are  lazy to do any other aspects of life  and having great taste    for  delicious food .To each of  these people who are respected by other great people , give eighty cart load of gems   , thousand bulls capable of carrying paddy , two hundred bulls capable of ploughing  and thousand cows f or preparing food”.32.18-32.20
“Oh son of Sumithra , there are large number of sacred thread wearing students , depending on queen Kausalya. To  each  of them give  one thousand cows.”                                                                             32.21
“Oh Lakshmana , give charities to all those Brahmins by giving it to them mother Kausalya     would be greatly pleased.”                                                                                                                                                32.22
Thereupon that tiger among men distributed  all the wealth as per instructions of Rama to the great Brahmins , just like Khubera , the god of wealth might have done.”                                                       32.23
Thereafter Rama , after distributing abundant wealth to all his dependents who were standing with tears and choked throats and told them.                                                                                                    32.24
“Please do fitting activities so that the houses of mine ,as well as Lakshmana   is not unattended   till we come back.”                                                                                                                                                        32.25
After telling like this to all his attendants who earned their sustenance from him, , he requested the treasury officer to bring all his treasures.                                                                                                       32.26
When  his entire wealth was brought there, the dependents of Rama  were highly pleased to see    the heaps of wealth.                                                                                                                                                  32.27
That tiger among men,  Rama , along with Lakshmana distributed all that wealth to poor  but greatly learned Brahmins   whether they are young or old.                                                                                     32.28
There lived a Brahmin named Trijata   a descendent of sage Gargya , who was reddish brown in colour in that place. He used to dig the forest with pickaxe , plough and a crow bar  as his profession    was digging of earth.                                                                                                                                                               32.29
His young wife distressed by great poverty ,keeping her young sons in front of her told that old Brahmin.  
“ Oh expert in Dharma, Please hear my words and throw away   this pickaxe, crow bar   and plough  and then go and see Rama  and you may obtain something.”                                                                           32.31
Having hear his wife’s words that Trijata , covering himself with a torn unfit upper cover  started walking through  the path leading to palace of Rama.                                                                                                32.32
In that crowd since Trijata was having the luster of sage Bhrugu and Angiras , no one dared to stop him till he reached the fifth courtyard of Rama’s palace .                                                                                 32.33
 That Trijata after approaching Rama told him  “oh very famous prince, I do not have any money but have many children  and I daily dig in the forest to  collect left over grains , on which I am subsisting. Please   show your mercy on me.”                                                                                                  32.34-32.35
That Rama  with a smile and in an jeering  way told him, “I have yet not given away one thousand  cows. You throw your staff   and till the place it reaches you all the cows are yours.”                               32.36
That bewildered Trijata , after tightly  tying up his upper garment  at his waist, hurled the staff with all his strength after fixing the proper direction.,”                                                                                        32.37
The staff which was released from his hand  reached up to the bank of Sarayu river and fell in the middle of very many thousands of cows.                                                                                                               32.38
Rama , the soul of Dharma after embracing him , sent all the cows  up to the Sarayu  river along with herdsmen  to his hermitage.                                                                                                                       32.39
Afterwards Rama placated the descendent of sage Gargya  and said, “please do not get angry , I only meant it as a joke.”                                                                                                                                       32.40
“Your power is something that cannot be matched and only with a view to see it , I told you like this. Please ak for anything else that you desire.”                                                                                    32.41
“ Oh great sage Trijata, I am telling you the truth and there is no limit to your demanding my wealth. All my wealth are for Brahmins only and by distributing all my wealth I  aim   to get fame  and pleasure.”
That great sage Trijata along with his wife  after receiving the multitude of cows became delighted and blessed the great Rama with fame , strength,  pleasure and prosperity .                                          32.43
That Rama with a fully satisfied mind , distributed that great wealth which was earned by his great strength and he was greatly praised by all of his friends for this action.                                          32.44
There at that place there was no Brahmin, friend , servant, beggar or for that matter anyone who  was  not satisfied  by being honoured or by charity.                                                                                       32.45

This is the end of the thirty second   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

33.Rama goes to Dasaratha ‘s palace

(Rama, Sita and Lakshmana walk down to the palace  of Dasaratha.  All people on the way are saddened and decide to go with Rama   wherever he goes.)

After giving away plenty of wealth to the Brahmins, Rama, Lakshmana  along with  Sita went to see their father.                                                                                                                                                                     33.1
The  dazzling weapons that they were holding  were decorated by Sita using garlands made out of flowers.                                                                                                                                                                    33.2
Climbing  on balconies and terraces of their palaces and on the top of the towers  , the wealthy people looked at them with remorse.                                                                                                                            33.3
The streets were crowded by a large number of people making them impassable and for that reason men filled with grief ascended on the top of palaces    to see Rama.                                                        33.4
The people seeing Rama walking without the ornamental umbrella with a mind affected by great grief    started talking in various ways.                                                                                                                         33.5
“Whenever he used to march out , army with four divisions used to follow him but today  he is walking alone with only Sita and Lakshmana following him.”                                                                                    33.6
“Rama while enjoying  great wealth   and had a great taste for comforts   used to gratify the desires of those who desire. In spite of that being one who respects Dharma , he does not wish to break his father’s words.”                                                                                                                                                   33.7
“Previously  even the creatures flying on the skies    were not able to get a glimpse of Sita, but today even those who are walking on the royal avenue are able to see her.”                                                   33.8
“Sita who used to apply scented creams and paste of red sandalwood on her body , will now be exposed to rain , heat and cold and would be discolored  her body soon. “                                                          33.9
“Today Dasaratha has been possessed by an evil spirit  otherwise will he talk like this and banish his beloved son.”                                                                                                                                                    33.10
“When it is  impossible  to banish a son with no character at all, what to say about Rama who has conquered the world by his good conduct?”                                                                                             33.11
“Doubtlessness, compassion, learning, good character , restraint of senses and self control are the six qualities of men that adorn the best among men Rama.”                                                                       33.12
“So trouble caused him greatly hurt people like  when summer dries up the water in the lakes , aquatic creatures and people are greatly affected.”                                                                                               33.13
“Just like harm to the roots affect the tree, its leaves, flowers and fruits, harming of Rama harms everybody since he is the Lord of the world .”                                                                                           33.14
“Rama is the root of humanity, the essence of Dharma, the great light  and all other peoples are connected to this tree like flowers, fruits , leaves as well as branches.”                                                33.15
“So let us , including our  wives and relations  follow him like Lakshmana and go wherever he   goes.”      
“We will leave our gardens, fields  and houses  and follow Rama   with the same sorrow, same joy and same Dharma as him.”                                                                                                                                    33.17
“ Let this Ayodhya  With empty  coffers, ruined courtyards , with absence of wealth  and grains, wholly deprived of wealth , covered with dust, abandoned by Gods , occupied by rats coming out of burrows running here and there ,bereft of water , with no smoke emerging from anywhere , dirty because of not being swept , absence of  offerings, sacrifices, recitations , libation, invocation and prayers , affected by famines, with dilapidated places and utensils  and deserted by us , be  owned  by Kaikeyi.” 33.18-33.21
“When Rama goes to the forest , let it become a city and deserted by all of us this city would indeed become a forest.”                                                                                                                                              33.22
“After seeing us in the forest may the fanged creatures leave their lairs, animals and birds leave the caves on the mountains , lions and elephants leave their usual haunts  and let them all occupy this city which is deserted by us.”                                                                                                                                33.23
“Let Kaikeyi, her son and other relatives  acquire this country , occupied by wild animals  and animals subsisting on grass, fruits and flesh  and the relieved men will live in the forest along with Rama.”
Even after hearing various such type of words from various people, Rama did not  deviate from his decision.                                                                                                                                                            33.26
That soul of Dharma  who had the strength of an elephant in rut   entered the palace of his father which resembled in its splendour the peak of mount Meru.                                                                               33.27
After he entered the palace guarded by valorous warriors , he saw in a distance  the very dejected Sumanthra waiting .                                                                                                                                        33.28 
Even though he saw the sorrow of the people , without revealing his feelings of sorrow but with a smile , as per the rules of the palace Rama entered in it , with the intention of carrying out the wishes of his father.                                                                                                                                                              33.29
Before that , the son of Ikshuvaku clan, the great Rama who was determined to go to the forest , after seeing the very sorrowful looking Sumanthra,  waited  outside  so that his arrival  could be  informed to his father.                                                                                                                                                        33.30
Rama who was fond of Dharma , having decided to go the forest, after  seeing Sumanthra , requested him to inform Dasaratha of his arrival.                                                                                                      33.31

This is the end of the thirty third   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

34. Rama Asks for permission to go from Dasaratha

(Rama asks permission  from Dasaratha to go the forest along with Lakshmana and Sita. The king cries and wails and requests  Rama to go next day but Rama feels he has    to that night itself.)

That great one  Rama , with eyes like lotus leaf , who was black  and who was matchless  told Sumanthra the charioteer, “:Please inform about my arrival to my father.”                                                                   34.1
At the request of Rama with senses overwhelmed with sorrow, quickly entered the inner apartments and saw Dasaratha breathing heavily.                                                                                                                34.2
He saw the king Dasaratha, like an eclipsed son and a fire brand covered with ash and like a dried up tank .                                                                                                                                                                         34.3
The very intelligent charioteer , saw him as being greatly upset  , and thinking with great sorrow about Rama  and approached him with folded hands.                                                                                              34.4
That Charioteer after greeting the king by saying, “let victory be yours” , trembling with fear  he  gently told him in a feeble voice .                                                                                                                            34.5
“ The tiger  among men, Your son Rama  is waiting to see you at the door , after giving away all his wealth to Brahmins and the attendants   who serve him.”                                                                           34.6
“Safety to you, please  permit Rama  who is  truly valorous  and who has taken leave of his friends , to see you.”                                                                                                                                                                 34.7
“Oh Lord of the world, You may see him , who is endowed with al  princely virtues  and encircled by rays like the sun as he is ready to go the forest.  “                                                                                                  34.8
That  king who is the votary of truth whose soul is Dharma  and who resembled the majestic ocean and the pure sky  replied.                                                                                                                                            34.9
“Oh Sumanthra , please bring   all my wives whosoever  are here  as I want to see  Rama the soul of Dharma along  with all my wives.”                                                                                                                  34.10
Sumanthra then crossed in to the private apartments and told all the women, “Oh great ladies, Dasaratha   wants all of you here. come quickly.”                                                                                         34.11
When the order of the king was thus  told by Sumanthra , all the ladies went to their   husband’s palace  .                                                                                                                                                                              34.12
Then  all his three hundred and fifty  wives, surrounding Kausalya,  who were steadfast to their marriage vows , with eyes turned  red due to sorrow reached that place.                                                              34.13
After having seen that all his wives have arrived, the king told the charioteer to go and bring his son.
Then that charioteer called Rama as well as Lakshmana and Sita and they went there and stood facing   the king.                                                                                                                                                               34.15
The king surrounded by his women seeing  from a distance  his son coming towards him  with folded hands , suddenly got up.                                                                                                                                  34.16
That king of the world seeing  Rama , ran swiftly  towards   him,  and being tormented by grief  fell on the ground unconscious.                                                                                                                                 34.17
Then Rama and the great warrior Lakshmana  having seen him  falling , speedily reached near   the king , who has lost his consciousness.                                                                                                                     34.18
Suddenly in the kings palace  the sound of thousands of ladies crying “Ha, ha, Rama”   along with the tingling  sound of their  ornaments was produced.                                                                                   34.19
The king  was hugged in their hands by Rama    and  Lakshmana  and with the assistance of  Sita, The king was laid on his bed. All of them were crying  at that time.                                                             34.20
After a moment  Dasaratha regained consciousness  and Rama  being drowned in the ocean of sorrow ,spoke to him folded  hands .                                                                                                                         34.21
“I am taking leave from you king as you are the God of us all,  as I am   going to Dandaka . I hope to see you   all right.”                                                                                                                                                 34.22
“  Please also give permission to Lakshmana to go. Sita is also accompanying  me to the forest .Though I have tried to dissuade them by telling many reasons, they both     are not agreeable to stay back. “34.23
“Of king with great honour , discard  your grief  and give leave to me, Lakshmana and Sita to depart  and behave like    Brahma.”                                                                                                                                      34.24 
The king seeing the unruffled Rama   waiting for getting his permission  to dwell in the forest    spoke to him like this.                                                                                                                                                        34.25
“Oh Rama , I have been  enchanted by Kaikeyi to give her the boons. So now you please arrange to arrest me and become the king of Ayodhya. “                                                                                              34.26   
Rama the best among votaries of Dharma, who was skilled in speech, after being spoken this way, replied to his father with folded palms.                                                                                                          34.27 
“Oh king, you will be the lord of this earth for many thousand years more .I shall reside in the forest  as you should not act  against truth because  of me.”                                                                                     34.28
“After wandering in the forest for fourteen years , I will come and grasp  your feet again after completing the vow, Oh king.”                                                                                                                       34.29  
The king who was wailing and crying  for his  son   but was tied by the rope of truth was further instigated by Kaikeyi  and the king told to Rama like this.                                                                        34.30
“Let your fame increase my child, go now for returning after fourteen years ,May your path be without sorrow and be without fear from any quarter.”                                                                                        34.31
“Oh Child , you are devoted to truth and Dharma and so it is not possible to dissuade you from your resolve .”                                                                                                                                                          34.32
“Oh son, whatever may be do not go tonight , for at least  for one day I would be able to see you and move about.”                                                                                                                                                  34.33
“For tonight  , you stay with me and your mother and start and with all your desires  fulfilled   you can start tomorrow at dawn.”                                                                                                                             34.34
“Oh Rama , you are doing  a job that is difficult to be done  and for the sake of my desire , you are leaving out all dear ones and going to the forest.”                                                                                  34.35
“Oh Son, Oh Raghava, I am swearing that this does not  in any way pleases me  but I have been deceived by a woman hidden with deceit like a woman hidden by ashes.”                                                         34.36
“I have been instigated by this Kaikeyi  who is the breaker  of penance of others and you want me   to ignore this deceit.”                                                                                                                                       34.37
“Oh son , being my eldest and  your ensuring   that my  words should not  become untruthful , is greatly surprising.”                                                                                                                                                     34.38
Then after hearing these distressing words of his father , Rama along with Lakshmana   with great sorrow spoke.                                                                                                                                               34.39
“I would be getting more great things by going today rather   than tomorrow  and I so I would prefer to go  to forest today  itself.”                                                                                                                          34.40
“I am giving up this earth , with different countries, with its different people  along with its wealth and grains , I am giving to Bharatha.”                                                                                                               34.41
“I will not waver from my decision to live in the forest. Oh Father who blesses , this would make the boons   that were given to Kaikeyi with joy remain truthful.”                                                             34.42
“I would  obey  the commands  as told by you and would live in the forest  for fourteen years along with the people who move about in forests.”                                                                  34.43
“Do not revise your opinion,  please give away the kingdom to Bharatha , for I do not have  and desire for the kingdom or the pleasures  that come from it but I love to obey your orders, oh son of the Raghu clan(Dasaratha)  .”                                                                                                                            34.44-34.45
“Please put an end to your sorrow  and let not your eye be filled with tears for you are like the ocean, which is the lord of rivers which never gets perturbed.”                                                                     34.46
“I do not have desire this kingdom or this earth  and nor all the desires in this earth or in heaven.” 34.47
“Oh great man I want  you  to uphold your truth and that you should  not become a person of falsehood and I am taking  an oath  in your presence based on all the merits that you have done .”                  34.48
“Oh father  , it is not possible for me to stay here even for a moment , so bear the grief as there is no change in my decision.”                                                                                                                                    34.49
“I have been asked by  Kaikeyi ”Rama, go to the forest “, and as  I have promised her that “I will go”, I will uphold my promise. “                                                                                                                              34.50
“Oh god like father, do not have worry in your mind as we will enjoy our life in the forest , with calm  deer which move about  and echoing  with music and sound of birds.”                                              34.51
“Father, even for devas , as told in the scriptures ,  father  is  their god  and treating my father as God, I am going to the forest.”                                                                                                                                34.52
“Oh best among men , after spending fourteen years , I would return back and at that time , you can see me  and so you should give up this sorrow.”                                                                                             34.53
“Oh tiger among men, when you are one who  used to pacify people choking with tears , why this change has occurred in you?”                                                                                                                  34.54
“These cities ,   kingdom and the entire  earth , may be conferred on Bharatha and I , obeying your commands am going to the forest  and dwell there.”                                                                          34.55
“Ok king , I am giving away to Bharatha  this earth with its mountain ranges , along with cities  and peaceful  forests along with well laid boundaries  , so that he alone can rule over them , the way that you have told me.”                                                                                                                                      34.56
“Oh sinless  one , My mind is not interested in great pleasures  or doing things liked by it  but it is interested in carrying out of your orders , which is assented by the opinion of great people.”  34.57
“Oh sinless one, because of that I do not desire for the eternal kingdom,  or fulfillment of all my desires, pleasures or Sita herself or  even  life itself and my only wish is that  your words should not become a lie.”                                                                                                                                                                34.58
“After entering the forest I would eat fruits as well as roots  of various kinds of trees , I will see the mountains , rivers and lakes  and become happy and so please  do not be sad.”                         34.59
Then that king enfolded in sorrow  and distressed by  sadness  and grief , embraced his son  and lost his consciousness  , fell on the ground  and remained without movement.                                         34.60
Except the wife of the god like king all other ladies  loudly wailed together  and even Sumanthra wailed and fainted and everyone was shouting alas, alas.                                                                              34.61

This is the end of the thirty fourth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

35.Sumanthra ridicules and chastises  Kaikeyi.

(Sumanthra    the charioteer of king Dasaratha   tries to convince Kaikeyi     and  fails.)
After that  the Charioteer Sumanthra   sighing frequently   , shaking his head, crushing one palm on  another  , grinding his teeth  , with eyes turned due to anger , leaving out his natural colour and  overcome with inordinate  grief    due to  his  observing   the reaction of Dasaratha  ,  pierced   the mind of Kaikeyi   with  his replies  which were like incomparable      and inauspicious   thunderbolts   which were capable of breaking    her vital parts .                                                                                       35.1-35.4
“Oh lady, your husband Dasaratha  who has been forsaken by you   is   the lord of  all movable and  immovable   things of the world   and I feel that  there is nothing  you are incapable of doing.”35.5                                                                                  
“I think you are a killer of your husband, who is an exterminator of a clan,  and are causing great grief   due to your  acts to the  Indra like king , who is unshakable like a mountain  and unperturbed  like an ocean .”                                                                                                                                                      35.6-35.7
“Dasaratha , your husband, giver of  all your needs, should not be insulted by you, because for a women, the desire of a husband is of greater value that ten million sons.”                                                      35.8
“After the death of the king , the princes would obtain the kingdom according to their age  and why do you want to break this tradition in case of Rama, the lord of Ikshuvaku dynasty. “                        35.9
“Let your king Bharatha , become the king of this earth, and we all  will go to the place where   Rama goes.”                                                                                                                                                             35.10
“No Brahmin will  feel  worthy   to stay  in your country because of what you are intending to do is that insulting.”                                                                                                                                                       35.11
“Definitely all of us will take the path that Rama takes . Oh lady, with relations, all Brahmins ,  and virtuous men abandoning you always, what pleasure will you get out of getting the kingdom? Oh Kaikeyi , why are  you desiring to such a great insult?                                                                                     35.12-35.13
“I am greatly surprised by what you are intending to do and when this lady is putting an end to the tradition , why does not  the earth split right away?”                                                                                 35.14
“When you are bent upon banishing Rama to the forest , it is a great  wonder that you are  not destroyed by the   fearful staff  like  word “shame”   , which is a flame created by  great Brahma rishis.”
“By cutting a mango tree by an axe , and by nurturing  a Neem tree  by irrigating it with milk , one does not get sweet fruits.”                                                                                                                              35.16
“ I think  that your nobility   of birth comes out of that of your mother’s , since  it is well known saying that  honey does not flow from a Neem tree.”                                                                                          35.17
“Formerly we have heard about  the unworthy stubborn  habit  your mother . One boon giver has bestowed on your father an extraordinary  boon by which he could understand  the language of speech of all horizontal moving  beings? “                                                                                                     35.18-35.19
“One day near his bed, an ant   Jrumbana was talking to his father   and your  greatly lustrous father understanding the meaning  laughed exceedingly.”                                                                                  35.20
Then your  mother  who got angry because of that  and who desired the noose of death addressed him and asked., “ Oh soft natured king , I am desirous of knowing why you laughed now.”                    35.21
Then the king told the lady, “Oh lady , If I tell you that, I would die instantly  without any doubt whatsoever.”                                                                                                                                                    35.22
Your mother addressing your father who was the king of Kekaya told, “do not ridicule me but tell it whether  you  are alive or dead.”                                                                                                                  35.23
“Hearing the words of his   wife , Kekaya the king of earth  , told about this to the great one who conferred on him the boon.”                                                                                                                         35.24
“Thereafter that good man who conferred the boon said, “do not do that , let her live or die.”     35.25
“That king  who heard the advice  of that man of Dharma with a pleasant mind,  repudiated  your mother and moved freely like Lord Khubera.”                                                                                           35.26
“Oh lady who only sees evils, Like that you are also moving in the path of bad people  out of unfair  persistence out of great desire  .”                                                                                                                 35.27
“To me the generally told saying , that “Sons resemble their fathers and daughters   resemble their mothers”, seems to be true.”                                                                                                                      35.28   
“Do not imitate those traits (of your mother) .After understanding the opinion of the king follow them, and protect the people.”                                                                                                                               35.29
“Being encouraged by sinners , do not attribute  unrighteousness  to your husband who shines   like the king of devas and is the protector of the world .”                                                                                   35.30
“Oh Kaikeyi  , that faultless Dasaratha  , who has eyes like lotus petals   and  who is prosperous   , will not make the promises given to you as  myths.”                                                                                              35.31
“Let the valiant  Rama , who is the eldest , who is generous, who is expert in doing his work, who is the protector of his own Dharma  and who is the protector of all beings , be crowned  as the king.” 35.32
“If Rama goes to the forest , leaving his father here, a blame of  yours would be spread  among great people .”                                                                                                                                                         35.33
“Let Rama rule the kingdom and you get rid of your mental afflictions, for no one else resided in this city who is as competent as Rama to rule.”                                                                                                     35.34
“When Rama becomes the Yuvaraja, the great archer king Dasaratha will retire to the forest , remembering the custom of our earlier  people.”                                                                                   35.35
Like this Sumanthra chastised Kaikeyi using harsh as well as gentle words in the presence of the king , aimed to make her sorry and stood with folded palms.                                                                         35.36
That lady was not perturbed in the least  and did not  feel remorse and change  of the colour of her face could not be noticed.                                                                                                                                       35.37

This is the end of the thirty fifth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

36. Dasaratha wants to  send riches to forest

(Dasaratha wants Rama to lead a luxurious life in forest. Kaikeyi objects and points out that one king Sagara banished his eldest son. It is pointed out  to her that Asamanja was a wicked prince.)

Then Dasaratha , the scion of Ikshuvaku clan , becoming  afflicted by his oath , with tears , breathing with difficulty , again and again   told these words to Sumanthra.                                                         36.1
“Oh charioteer immediately arrange , the four divisions of army along with precious gem to escort  Rama to his journey to forest. “                                                                                                                      36.2
“Also arrange pretty ladies with musical voice, courtesans , very  rich people , traders  , well spread men as well as sons of people of the army  to accompany him and make it graceful.”                                 36.3
“To those who depended on Rama  for living and  to those who were companions in sports Of Rama , give them  lot of compensation and make them participate in this procession.”                                 36.4
“Let important weapons, people of the city , carts ,  conductors in the forest  and Fowlers follow that son of Kakustha clan.”                                                                                                                                              36.5
“By hunting for deer  and elephants, drinking  the honey of the forest  and seeing pretty rivers , he would think of the kingdom.”                                                                                                                           36.6
“Let  both the entire contents of my granary as well   as  that of the treasury , follow Rama  when he goes to the desolate  forest.”                                                                                                                            36.7
“Performing sacrifices in holy places , liberally giving fees to Brahmins , Rama will live in the forest  along with sages. “                                                                                                                                                         36.8
“The greatly heroic Bharatha  would look after Ayodhya  and let all auspicious things for enjoyment be furnished  to Rama.” Thus spoke  Dasaratha.                                                                                                36.9
When Dasaratha was talking like this fear gripped Kaikeyi  and her mouth dried up and voice became choked.                                                                                                                                                                36.10
That Kaikeyi  who was scared, dejected   and with  dried up face  facing  the king spoke.                  36.11
“Oh simple one, Bharatha will not accept a deserted kingdom , devoid of wealth  and  impossible to be enjoyed which is like the wine , whose essence has evaporated.”                                                           36.12
Hearing the shameless  and horrible words  spoken by  Kaikeyi , the king Dasaratha told the following  words to the broad eyed one.                                                                                                                          36.13
“Oh enemy of mine Kaikeyi, You fastened to me the yoke and I am pulling forward , oh ungentlemanly lady , why are you prodding me further .Why did you not stop me at the beginning itself? “        36.14
That blessed lady Kaikeyi hearing the very angry words of the king   became doubly enraged and addressed the king .                                                                                                                                 36.15
“In your clan itself king Sagara prevented the crowing of his eldest son Asamanja   and similar to that Rama also has to go.”                                                                                                                                     36.16
When she told like Dasaratha could only say one word, “Shame” and all the people  felt ashamed but Kaikeyi did not notice it.                                                                                                                                36.17
An aged favorite minister of Dasaratha named Sidhartha  who was  very good person    addressed Kaikeyi and told these words.                                                                                                                      36.18
“The wicked Asamanja used to catch hold of children playing  on roads, throw them all  in river Sarayu and used to amuse himself.”                                                                                                                        36.19
Seeing this all people of the city were  angry and told the king, “Oh enhancer of the prosperity of the kingdom, choose either  us or Asamamnja.”                                                                                                  36.20
Then the king told them, “What is the reason of this fear? “ and hearing the words told to them the citizens replied.                                                                                                                                               36.21
“That one with a  lunatic mind ,  throws our young sons in the Sarayu river due to his mad nature and becomes supremely happy.”                                                                                                                       36.22
“That king hearing the words of his citizens , with an intention of pleasing them  banished   his son.”                    
“Then placing his son along with his wife and  with all their needs  in a chariot , the king ordered that” As long as they are alive they are banished.”                                                                                                   36.24
“Then that evil doer  wandering about in all directions with a plough and a basket spent his   time  digging  the mountain forts.”                                                                                                                          36.25
“That was why that king who was an upholder of Dharma banished  his son. What sin has Rama committed so that   he should be banished like this?”                                                                               36.26
“We do not see even a little of bad qualities in Rama  which are like the stain on the moon.”          36.27
“But lady , if you find any such fault in Rama ,  you may please tell us and then we will banish Rama.”
“But banishing  someone who is engaged   in the good path of Dharma , would even   destroy the  splendour of Indra.”                                                                                                                                           36.29
“Enough oh lady, do not cause obstruction  to the prosperity of Rama  and it is also necessary for you to save yourself  by being criticized by the world, Oh pretty lady.”                                                               36.30
The king after hearing the words of Sidhartha , with a progressively failing voice , tinged in grief  told Kaikeyi.                                                                                                                                                                  36.31
“I know you will disregard these words, Oh sinner  as you do know what is good for you or to me as you have adopted a vile wicked path   forsaking the right path.”                                                                      36.32
“After giving up pleasures, kingdom   and wealth , I will go today with Rama  and you along with king Bharatha , for a long time , enjoy this kingdom.”                                                                                           36.33

 This is the end of the thirty sixth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

37.Rama wears  cloth made of Bark

(Rama refuses all those accompaniments. Kaikeyi brings bark cloths for him. Rama and Lakshmana wear it. Grass cloth is brought for Sita and she does not know how to wear it. Vasishta becomes furious on Kaikeyi).

Hearing the speech of the minister Rama  told the following  great words with humility    to Dasaratha.       
“Oh king, I would be living in the forest  with what is available there  , after giving up all pleasures. What is the use  of all these accompaniments to me who has given up all   attachments.  “                              37.2
“Having given up the elephant, would I be interested in the rope that was used to tie it  , for when you do not want the best of elephants , why love towards   its rope.”                                                                37.3
“Oh best amongst all people, Oh king , what is the use of army to me , as I am giving up everything and I only need a bark.”                                                                                                                                                   37.4
“I would be going to the forest with nothing but a crowbar and a basket as I am going to live there for fourteen years .”                                                                                                                                                      37.5
Then Kaikeyi , in the midst of all people without any shame brought the bark robes and told Rama, “Wear them.”                                                                                                                                                           37.6
The tiger among men Rama,   after receiving the bark robes from Kaikeyi removed all his fine cloths   and after wearing the bark robes attained the position  of an ascetic.”                                                               37.7
Lakshmana also removed his auspicious fine cloths  and in the presence of his father wore the bark robes.                                                                                                                                                                        37.8
Then Sita who was wearing silk cloths , having seen the bark cloth , which she was supposed to wear , was frightened like a doe having seen the snare  of the hunter .                                                                  37.9
Sita who was auspicious but distressed , who observed Dharma and who knew her Dharma, after receiving the cloths made of Kusa grass from Kaikeyi  , with a thorough  feeling of shame  and with her eyes filled with tears , addressed her husband who was like A Gandharwa king  and spoke these words.
“How do the sages who live in the forest wear this dress made of grass?” asked Sita who did not know how to wear it and again and again saw Rama.                                                                                              37.12
Sita with one hand  holding one end of the grass cloth to her neck  and holding the other end in her hands and not knowing what to do looked embarrassed.                                                                            37.13
Seeing that Rama, the foremost among those who follow Dharma , quickly came forward   and fastened the grass garment over the silk garment that she was wearing.                                                                37.14
Seeing that Rama was tying that excellent grass cloth on Sita , all the women of the private apartment   who were standing there cried by shedding tears from their eyes.                                                           37.15
All of them greatly distressed addressing Rama who had great luster told him, “No one has ordered the very dear Sita    to live in the forest.”                                                                                                              37.16
“From the time you are going to the forest obeying the words  of your father, till you come back , let her fruitful presence be available to us.”                                                                                                               37.17
“Oh little son ,  live in the forest  with the assistance of Lakshmana  as this auspicious lady is not fit to live in the forest as an ascetic.  “                                                                                                                     37.18
“Oh son, please  fulfill our humble request  and let the pretty Sita remain here  and since you are faithful to your duty, you would not like to remain here.”                                                                                         37.19
Though spoken to , this way , that son of Dasaratha  , while listening fastened the grass robe tightly on Sita , who had  a similar nature like him.                                                                                                         37.20 
When Sita was tying the grass garment , Vasishta the Guru of Dasaratha stopped her from doing it and   spoke to Kaikeyi.                                                                                                                                                   37.21
“Oh lady with excess of indecency , who has an evil intention , Oh lady who is a disgrace to the clan, after having deceived the king , your conduct is not as per Dharma.”                                                     37.22
“Oh lady who has given up her virtues,  Sita need not go to  the forest  and by remaining here , she can occupy the throne along with Rama.                                                                                                               37.23
“To an householder who protects his wife , she is like a soul to him,  and Sita is the soul of Rama and would rule the earth with him.”                                                                                                                        37.24
“Otherwise , if she decides to go to the forest along with Rama all of us who are in this city will also follow him.”                                                                                                                                                           37.25
“The guardians of the frontiers , along with the king and all people who are living here  and the people of the kingdom along with retinue of all servants   would follow him.”                                                    37.26
“Bharatha and Shatrugna wearing cloths of grass also will wander in the forest living     with their elder brother Rama.”                                                                                                                                                      37.27
“This empty earth devoid of people and populated by people  would be ruled by you, who is intent on harming people  and having bad character.”                                                                                                   37.28
“A kingdom will not exist , if Rama is not its king and the king where Rama would live would become    the kingdom. “                                                                                                                                                       37.29
“Bharatha is not fit to rule this kingdom because it was not endowed to him with full heart by his father , nor will he behave like a son to you , if he is born to him.”                                                                          37.30
“Even if  you can  fly from   earth  to sky , that one who knows the history of his father’s clan will not do otherwise .”                                                                                                                                                           37.31
“So you who are interested in the fate of your son is doing great harm to him as there is no one in this world who will not follow Rama.”                                                                                                                     37.32
“Oh Kaikeyi today itself you will see  flocks, sheep, elephants , deer  and birds following him and even trees bending towards  him.”                                                                                                                            37.33
“So Oh lady, remove that grass dress from your daughter in law and give her precious ornaments  as she is not fit to wear the grass dress.” Saying this Vasishta stopped Sita from wearing the dress of grass.
“Oh  daughter of the king of Kekaya, you have only requested Rama to live in the forest  and  so let her   be  well dressed and adorned with ornaments live with him in the forest.”                                           37.35
“Let chariots and chiefs of  servants   accompany the princess Sita  along with garments and other necessities  ,  as you had only asked for Rama’s living in the forest.”                                                         37.36
Even when the Guru of the king , who was foremost among the Brahmins with great and immeasurable power told like this , Sita did not agree  and did not change her decision to serve her husband.    37.37
This is the end of the thirty seventh  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

38.Dasaratha forbids Sita wearing grass dress

(Dasaratha tells Kaikeyi that Sita wearing grass dress was not included in the boon.  He falls down when Rama was about to go. Rama requests him to look after Kausalya.)

When she was wearing the dress made by grass , like someone who does not have support of her husband,  all the people    there shouted   to Dasaratha “shame on you  “ .                                         38.1
That king became extremely sad on hearing that sound  and he lost faith in his life   as well as  his faith in Dharma.                                                                                                                                                              38.2
That one belonging to clan of Ikshuvaku ,  breathing hot  told his wife Kaikeyi, “Sita does not deserve to go the forest wearing  a dress of grass.”                                                                                                      38.3
“She  is tender bodied, young and accustomed  to life of pleasure and as my Guru has spoken she is not fit to go the forest.”                                                                                                                                         38.4
“To whom has this daughter of a king  who wearing a grass garment like an ascetic  has  done even a little  harm?”                                                                                                                                                     38.5
“Let the daughter of Janaka take off that grass garment for this is not the oath given by me  and let  that daughter of the king go to the forest  happily  along with  her jewels and her usual  needs.”   38.6
“Unfit to live  and for gratification, I had given that cruel promise  and by your folly , you are burning me like a bamboo being burnt  by its own flowers.”                                                                                      38.7
“Oh sinner , oh demeaned one , has Rama ever done to you anything which is even little unbecoming  and what offence has this Sita done to you?”                                                                                          38.8
“What  harm  has this  daughter of Janaka who is like a doe, who has eyes like fully opened flower , who is soft natured and who does penance , done to you?”                                                                          38.9
“ Oh sinner Is not the banishment of Rama which has been  agreed upon,  sufficient to you? Why are you further committing  wretched crimes?”                                                                                           38.10
“Oh lady , I heard you speaking  to Rama , when he came here for the coronation. Only that much ,has been promised by me.”                                                                                                                                38.11
“You have exceeded all that and now are desirous of seeing  her wearing the grass dress and by that you are wishing to go to hell.”                                                                                                                          38.12
That great king wailed like this  and he was not seeing even a little possibility of the end of a sorrow and immersed in great sorrow  by the separation of his son , he  fell on the ground.                            38.13
Rama who was    about  to start   to the forest , then spoke  these words  to his father  with  a bowed head.                                                                                                                                                              38.14
“Oh follower of Dharma. Oh my god, oh famous one, My aged and venerable Mother Kausalya who has a faultless character does not find fault with you?”                                                                             38.15
“Oh  giver of boons, without me she will be immersed in the ocean of sorrow . She is unaccustomed  to such suffering. It is only proper that you take care of her well.”                                                      38.16
“She would be constantly thinking of me and doing penance  about me  and grieve due to sorrow of parting with her son, which she does  not desire. If you are venerable treat her with honour  , she may live  further.”                                                                                                                                                 38.17
“Oh Lord  who is  equal  to Indra, my mother who has a possessive feeling , does not merit  to go back to the Lord Brahma , due to  the sorrow caused by my stay in forest  and you only   can accomplish it.”

This is the end of the thirty eighth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

39.After Dasaratha wails, Rama takes leave of his mothers

(Dasaratha unable to bear parting of Rama , further chastises Kakeyi. He instructs Sumanthra to drop  Rama outside the city in a chariot. Rama and Sita take leave of Kausalya  and other mothers.)

After the king heard the words of Rama along with his wives , when he saw Rama in the dress of ascetic , his senses were deprived because of grief , and he was tormented , he could not lift his eyes to  see Rama and speak to him due to great sorrow.                                                                                         39.1-39.2
That great king fainted due to great sorrow  and that great one wailed  because he was only thinking   of Rama.                                                                                                                                                                       39.3
“Earlier I might have separated  several children from their families  and I might have  troubled human beings  , because of that  this hardship might have come to me.”                                                                39.4
“Without the proper time nearing, the soul will not leave   this body  and possibly because of that even after my son removing the fine cloths he was wearing and changing in to ascetic garb  and even after standing   in front me  and also  after Kaikeyi   tormented me  , my soul is not leaving me. “39.5-39.6
“It is because of  only Kaikeyi , who practiced deception  to meet her selfish ends , that all these people are suffering.”                                                                                                                                                        39.7
After telling all and  having uttered with sorrow once “Rama”, his eyesight was blanked out by tears  and  he was not able  to speak.                                                                                                                                   39.8
That king after regaining his senses after a moment , with eye full of tears    he addressed   Sumanthra.
“After taking a suitable chariot and having harnessed good horses to it , you shall leave this  accomplished one in the forest  outside the city.”                                                                                        39.10
“I  consider that , this is said to be the reward  of  good people   for doing good acts  like this one where the mother and father  are seeing their  heroic  and pious son  being  banished .”                               39.11
As per the order of the king  , Sumanthra of swift steps  brought a decorated  chariot yoked with horses , to that place.                                                                                                                                                        39.12
That charioteer  with folded hands  , informed that a golden chariot  , harnessed with good horses    has been  brought for use of princes.                                                                                                                     39.13
The king who was expert in the affairs of time and space , summoned an officer of the treasury , who was firm and honest and told him.                                                                                                                  39.14
“After calculating the number of years , that Sita will live in the forest , bring highly valuable apparels and dresses  for her which would be   sufficient for her.”                                                                           39.15
Hearing the words of the great king , that officer went back to the treasury  and brought all those things that were needed by Sita and gave them to her.                                                                                         39.16
That high born , pretty Sita , started to depart  to  the forest   after  wearing  sparkling ornaments  on her pretty limbs.                                                                                                                                                        39.17
That well adorned Sita lighted that palace  , like the sun rising at dawn  illuminating      the sky.       39.18
Queen Kausalya hugged  her daughter in law and  kissing on her forehead told the following words to her, who was acting on a manner not evoking pity from others.                                                               39.19   
“In this world  the untruthful  women, though greatly honoured by their husbands  , never follow their husbands   when  they fall in to misfortune.”                                                                                                39.20
“It is the characteristic of women, that    though  they have experienced pleasure earlier ,  on experiencing even a little discomfort they censure their husband or even abandon them.”     39.21
“The young ladies who have decided to do sin are untruthful,  perverted and have a mind difficult to comprehend  and in an instant they become devoid of affection.”                                                 39.22
“The heart of a lady   does not get attracted  by noble birth, knowledge , gifts , help received or even by accumulated wealth  as their mind is very unstable.”                                                                         39.23
“But the mind  of virtuous ladies is fixed in good character , truth , scriptures  and peace  and to them only their husband is  greatly sacred.”                                                                                                    39.24
“During your travel outside(banishment) , you should not feel disdain towards my son , for whether he is poor or rich, he is your God.”                                                                                                                    39.25
Understanding perfectly those words along with its Dharma and Artha, facing her mother in law with folded hands Sita said.                                                                                                                               39.26
“I would do all these as instructed by the gentle lady. I already know , how I should behave    towards my husband.”                                                                                                                                                     39.27
“I  am not fit to be equated with bad people by the venerable lady  for I  will not at any time waver from the path of Dharma , like the light never leaving the moon.”                                                             39.28
“You cannot play a Veena without strings and you cannot run a chariot without wheels  and like that a woman cannot happiness without her husband even though she has one hundred sons.”         39.29
“Limited happiness  is given by father ,mother and sons but the husband gives unlimited joy and so should be worshipped.”                                                                                                                             39.30
“Oh great lady, since I have been instructed in obligations to Dharma by an eminent woman, how can I insult my husband , for to me he is really God.”                                                                                   39.31
“When Kausalya heard these heart stirring words of Sita , that lady’s pure mind was filled by sorrow as well as joy  burst in to tears of joy.”                                                                                                        39.32
Rama  after  hearing the words of his mother   who was a great follower   of Dharma  , with hands folded in salute  went near her and spoke .                                                                                                        39.33
“Mother, do not be sad  and look after my father well. My  stay in the forest would come to an end quickly.”                                                                                                                                                         39.34
“These fourteen years would pass quickly like a night’s sleep  and you will see me here back safely  surrounded by my friends.  “                                                                                                                      39.35
After Rama spoke these words embedded with sense ,  to his mother , he looked at his other three hundred and fifty mothers.                                                                                                                        39.36
That son of Dasaratha  seeing that all mothers also were greatly distressed  , with folded hands   spoke these words of Dharma .                                                                                                                             39.37
“If by virtue of company or out of ignorance , if I have committed, even a little harsh deeds  towards you, please forgive me and I am taking your leave.”                                                                            39.38
All those ladies with their  mind shattered by grief heard  these well balanced words which were according to Dharma..                                                                                                                                39.39
When Rama were  talking like this, those wives of the king wailed   like a flock of geese.           39.40

This is the end of the thirty ninth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

40.Rama  takes leave   and starts the journey

(After  Rama taking leave from Dasaratha and Kausalya and Lakshmana taking  leave from Sumithra, all the three of started in a chariot driven by Sumanthra.  Dasaratha ran out along with Kausalya behind the chariot. All the citizens wailed. As per instructions of Rama, Sumanthra    drove the chariot  with great speed.)

Then Sita, Rama and Lakshmana saluted the very sad king, touched his feet and went round     him.
Rama that expert in Dharma  , after taking leave   of Dasaratha , along with Sita saluted their mother Kausalya who was dumbstruck with sorrow .                                                                                                40.2
Following them immediately Lakshmana saluted Kausalya and then clasped  the feet of his mother  Sumithra.                                                                                                                                                              40.3
When he saluted her , that mother Sumithra cried , after  kissing his forehead wished him well    and told.                                                                                                                                                                       40.4
“ Oh son, Due to your great love towards  those to whom you are devoted, you are going to the forest ,Never be inattentive to the needs of Rama when you are in the forest.”                                              40.5  
“Oh blameless one , In both sorrow of Joy , he is your only refuge . In  this world Dharma consists in following     your elder brother .”                                                                                                                    40.6
“In your clan, the perennial customs  are charity  , observing penance in Yagnas and fighting in battle .”
“That Sumithra  , after saying this to Lakshmana , who was ready to depart with Rama , again and again told “go, go”.                                                                                                                                                      40.8
“Consider Rama as Dasaratha  , and consider Sita as myself , think of the forest as Ayodhya   and with these  convictions, please go my son.”                                                                                                          40.9
Then Sumanthra with folded hands    told the following to Rama  , like the well behaved and Modest Mathali  talking to Indra.                                                                                                                                40.10
“Oh Rama, safety to you, Oh  famous son of the king, get in to the chariot  and I will  make you reach the place you want to go quickly.”                                                                                                                     40.11
“As per the orders of the lady , you have to spend fourteen years   in the forest  and you can  assume that it has started    now.”                                                                                                                             40.12
With a happy mind Sita  after decorating herself well  climbed in to the chariot which was gleaming like Sun.                                                                                                                                                                     40.13
After wards the brothers   gleaming like fire , immediately boarded    the chariot , which was decorated by gold .                                                                                                                                                              40.14
Then the father in law gave ornaments    and cloths to Sita , after checking whether it was sufficient for her period of  her stay in the forest.                                                                                                              40.15
Then multitude of weapons  along  with   armors  for brothers were kept in the centre of the chariot  along with hard leather covering for their hands . After seeing whether   the threesome  including Sita  have boarded properly , the honourable Sumanthra drove those horses    with the speed of wind .
Seeing Rama starting to the forest for a long stay  all the men were stupefied and    also lost     their strength.                                                                                                                                                              40.18
That city  was greatly distressed , being full of the  intoxicated elephants which were provoked  and the  mighty  sound of tinkling bells tied to the feet of neighing horses .                                                         40.19
The greatly distressed young and old people of the city , ran towards Rama like   the one who is thirsty  due   to heat   , runs towards    water.                                                                                                             40.20
They,  hand behind , to the sides   and on the front of the chariots  with their faces wet with tears  and breathing heavily addressed  Sumanthra.                                                                                                       40.21
“Oh charioteer,  control the horses and proceed slowly and slowly  , so that we can have a glimpse of the face of Rama  , as we would not be able to see him soon.                                                                           40.22
“For what reason does the heart of Kausalya does not break  , even after  seeing her god like son going to forest, we do not understand.”                                                                                                                  40.23
“By following  her   husband like a shadow  ,. The daughter of Videha must be greatly contended  and she  is like the sunlight which never fails to fall on Meru mountain.”                                                     40.24
“Oh Lakshmana , you have  fulfilled the purpose of your life  by attending  on your brother who is like devas and who talks with love.”                                                                                                                     40.25
“Oh Lakshmana , you have achieved a great goal by following Rama  and this will  you lead to great prosperity    and in the end of the heaven.”                                                                                                40.26
Thus speaking   about  and following their beloved Rama  , who was the joy of Ikshuvaku clan . all those people who had arrived there could not hold back their tears.                                                               40.27
At that time the king surrounded by his wives   who were with distressed face came out and told, “I want to see  my beloved son.”                                                                                                                        40.28
In front of him he heard women wailing in a very loud tone , which was similar to the cries of the female elephant  when its child is captured.                                                                                                             40.29
Rama’s father,  son of Kakustha clan who had great splendour  was seen to be greatly shrunk , like the moon   at eclipse affected by Rahu.                                                                                                              40.30
That great man who has a soul greater than thought , who was the son of Dasaratha  went on egging the charioteer to driver faster and faster.                                                                                                           40.31
While Rama was urging  the charioteer  to go fast and at the same time when the people wanted it to be driven slow, he was unable to do  both acts .                                                                                              40.32
While the great Rama was going out , tears also came out of the eyes of the people  , fell on the ground and subsided   the dust that was raised.                                                                                                      40.33
At the time of departure of Rama , the entire city was drenched by the tears of weeping  of the people ,
And horror stricken sounds raised by them as if they were    tormented.                                           40.34
Tears   fell from the  eyes of ladies fell  out of great sorrow , like   the water falling like rain drops  from lotus flowers  when they are shaken by movement  of fishes.                                                               40.35
The   great king whose single minded thought was sorrow  , seeing the sorrow  of the people , fell down like an uprooted tree .                                                                                                                                    40.36
A great and tumultuous sound  from the people arose behind Rama , after seeing the greatly sorrowful and enfeebled king .                                                                                                                                        40.37
Some people loudly cried “Oh Rama”  and some other people  cried “Oh mother of Rama”  , hearing which  made the members  of inner apartment   to cry loudly.                                                             40.38
When Rama hearing that glanced back he saw his mother and father following him behind  with a highly disturbed mind.                                                                                                                                               40.39
Like a young child  who is tied  by a rope(by affection) , Rama who was bound by duty , could not see   his parents properly .                                                                                                                                     40.40
Seeing his parents walking  when they are worthy of going on a chariot, accustomed to comforts    but now suffering great sorrow, , he urged to  the charioteer    to go with greater speed.                   40.41
That tiger among men , who was  suffering like  an elephant being   tormented by a goad  , was not able to tolerate the sorrow of his father and mother.                                                                                 40.42
Like a cow running    to the house to see its calf   which is tied there  due to its great affection, Kausalya ran after    the chariot .                                                                                                                              40.43
Kausalya  crying , followed that chariot  wailing “Oh Rama, Oh Rama, Oh Sita, OH  Lakshmana” and shedding tears for sake of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita , looked like   a dancing mother.   40.44-40.45
The king cried  “Stay , stay”,  and Rama said “go, go”  and mind of Sumanthra felt like it was caught   in between two wheels .                                                                                                                                40.46
“When the king reproaches  you  for not stopping , you   can always say that you did not hear  but “Prolonging this agony is sinful” ”, Rama said to Sumanthra.                                                            40.47
Obeying the orders of Rama to drive fast , that charioteer  even though prevented by the people , drove the horses faster.                                                                                                                                      40.48
The people of the king after  mentally going round Rama  , returned back but the  flow of tears of all    the other people did not   stop even mentally.                                                                                  40.49
“All those who desire can go back, do not follow him for a long distance “said the ministers  addressing   king Dasaratha.                                                                                                                                       40.50
Hearing those words full of virtue Dasaratha with a body covered with sweat and a melancholic  look, along with his wives stood there itself  staring at his son.                                                              40.51

This is the end of the fortieth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

41.Ayodhya and its people mourn for Rama’s  departure.

(  The chapter is about how the wives of the king and the citizens of Ayodhya expressed    the great sorrow they felt  about going away of Rama.  Thepoet even tells that even nature was mourning about it.)

After the tiger among men had departed with folded hands in reverence , great cries of distress arose from the private apartment of the king.                                                                                                         41.1
“Rama  was the refuge and protector of those who do not have any one , those who were weak and those who do penance  and where does  such a lord go?”                                                                         41.2
“He does not get angry even when we shout  at him and he never does any act which make others angry .Also he pacified those who get angry. Where does such a great soul go?”                                             41.3
“He who has great luster treated all of us  like his mother Kausalya and where does such a great soul go?”                                                                                                                                                                         41.4
“Due to being tormented by Kaikeyi , King Dasaratha  ordered him , who was the protector of the world  to go to forest. Where does he go?”                                                                                                                 41.5
“Alas,  the senseless king has sent to the forest , he who is the darling of all beings   and who is the votary of truth.”                                                                                                                                                    41.6
Like this all the queens cried  loudly  like a cow separated from its calf, due to their great sorrow.    41.7
The king who was suffering due to the sorrow of parting with his son, hearing these dreadful wailing from his private apartments , became  much more sad.                                                                              41.8
The householders did not make offerings to the fire nor cooked food  and also the people did not attempt to do their daily chores. Even the Sun appeared to be dim.                                                        41.9
Elephants dropped down  the handful of food that they took,  cows did not suckle their calves  and even mothers after seeing the first born were   not happy.                                                                                 41.10
Trisanku, Mars , mercury and Jupiter    were  fiercely approaching the moon with a  pitiable     aspect .
The stars had lost their strength  and planets had lost their luster and star Vishaka(the star of Kosala country)  was  shining with smoke in the sky .                                                                                           41.12
The great ocean was aroused by  a wind similar to the deadly wind at deluge  , after Rama departed to the forest  and the city was greatly shaken.                                                                                               41.13
All the directions on earth were agitated and covered with darkness, and planets as well as stars were  also not shining.                                                                                                                                              41.14
Suddenly all people of the city    were feeling depressed  and nobody was interested    in     food or recreation.                                                                                                                                                      41.15
All the people of Ayodhya were    caught in the nets of very great sorrow  and were often breathing heavily  and were sad about the fate of Dasaratha.                                                                               41.16
The faces of people  who were walking in the royal avenue had tear stained faces  and no body could be seen there who were   sorrowing.                                                                                                             41.17
At that time , the breeze was not blowing  and the moon was not pleasant look at  and Sun was not hot  and the entire world was agitated.                                                                                                           41.18
The sons were not bothered about their mothers and husbands  were not interested in their wives and similar was the case among brothers. All of them left of everything and were thinking only about Rama.
All the friends of Rama had   a mind which refused to think  and they were depressed by their   burden of sorrow   and they were not even bothered to sleep.                                                                       41.20
That  Ayodhya without the great Rama  , looked like the earth with its mountains    but without Indra, caught by fear and sorrow and agitated horribly and occupied by army  , elephants and horses who were producing great sound.                                                                                                                                41.21

This is the end of the forty first  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

42.Dasaratha wails further

(After Rama disappeared from the horizon, Dasaratha fell down. When Kaikeyi tried to lift him up, he shouted her. He told his assistants to take him to Kausalya’s palace. He spent a sleepless very sorry time.)

As long as  the  dust raised by the chariot of  Rama    who had set out to the forest was visible , that   son of  Ikshuvaku dynasty  did not   withdraw  his eyes.                                                                                        42.1
AS long as the king was able to see his son , who was a great follower   of truth , the dust appeared to be growing  , over his chance of seeing his son.                                                                                                     42.2
When the king was not able to even see the dust  then with the increasing grief, and great sorrow  the king fell down.                                                                                                                                                         42.3
That lady Kausalya  reached to lift him by holding his right hand and the lover of Bharatha  reached for his left side .                                                                                                                                                            42.4
Endowed  with foresight, humility   and virtue , that king  , with great pain   saw Kaikeyi and said to her.
“Oh  evil one, Oh Kaikeyi , do not touch my body, I do not want to see  you , as you are neither my wife   or relation . “                                                                                                                                                         42.6
“Those   who depend on you for their lives , they are not mine  as you are  interested only for my wealth  and  you have forsaken Dharma  and so I am giving you up.  “                                                                   42.7
“I, who has taken you by taking your hand and going round the fire  , am renouncing    you in this  and the other world.”                                                                                                                                               42.8
“If Bharatha  takes over this imperishable kingdom  and enjoys its benefits , the sacred water he gives to me , who is his father , after my death , will not reach me.”                                                                    42.9
Then  that extremely sorrowing  Kausalya   raising up the king who was coated with dust, took him back to  the palace .                                                                                                                                                  42.10
That soul of Dharma    who was greatly sorrowing  due to having seen his son as an ascetic   felt as if , he has  intentionally killed a Brahmin  or placed his hand in burning fire.                                                  42.11
Turning to see   again and again the trail of the  chariot  , that   sorrowing king’s form appeared as if it was the moon caught by Rahu.                                                                                                                     42.12
That sad one thinking of his beloved son  the king wailed and understanding that he has reached    the outside of the city, he told.                                                                                                                           42.13
“The splendid vehicle  has carried away my soul like son and I am able to see  only impressions of the hooves but not  that great son .”                                                                                                                42.14
“My great son  was  till now sleeping on pleasure giving cushions  , after being applied  with sandal paste  , being fanned by gracious women  but from today  he would   sleep somewhere   searching for a root of a tree  and sleeping     with a piece of rock as his pillow. “                                                          42.15-42.16
“That unfortunate one  would get up  from the earth  being coated with dust  and breathing heavily  , like the he elephant arising from the prasruvana  mountain for the she elephant.”                      42.17
“The people who wander in the forest from today   would be seeing the long armed Rama  walking there like one who will protect   them. “                                                                                                           42.18
“From today that daughter of Janaka who is used to a pleasure filled life , would be walking in the forest troubled   by piercing  thorns.”                                                                                                                 42.19
“She who is not accustomed to the forest would suffer great  fear , hearing the roaring of wild animals   which is  fearful and would cause horripilation.”                                                                                  42.20
“Oh Kaikeyi , let your desires be fulfilled  and  you live  in this country as  widow, for I am not interested in living  without that tiger among men. “                                                                                                  42.21
The king crying like this  was surrounded by lot of people , and they entered the city   like , one   entering the  house after a  funeral     bath.                                                                                                          42.22
Seeing the entire city of Ayodhya , With deserted palaces  in high ways , with closed markets and temples , with sick and very weak people  who were exhausted with grief , with very empty     great roads , Dasaratha entered the city   with a heavy heart like the sun entering  behind a dark cloud. 
His great heart was perturbed like the lake from which  Suparna  snatched away the serpents, due to the absence of Sita, Rama     and Lakshmana.                                                                                         42.25
That king cried and   told  his attendant   , with a choked throat  in a feeble and sad  tone. 42.26
“You please take me to the house Of Rama’s mother Kausalya’s  house , because in no other place my mind will be at peace .”                                                                                                                      42.27
When the king told like this , that door keeper , took him the home off Kausalya  and there with humility , made him  to lie down.                                                                                                                             42.28
After having entered the house of Kausalya , even though he occupied the couch, he tossed about .
To the king  , that  house where he could not see  both his sons as well as his daughter in law , looked like  , the sky without  a moon.                                                                                                        42.30
That valorous king seeing this lifted his hands up  and in a loud tone shouted “Oh Rama, you have forsaken me.”                                                                                                                                      42.31
“Those great people   are blessed who will live till Rama returns back and are able to hug him at that   time . What a pity?”                                                                                                                            42.32 
That night appeared like    the night of death    to Dasaratha and in the mid night  , he spoke to Kausalya. 
“Oh Kausalya, my sight which followed behind Rama has not  returned back till now. I am not able to see clearly. Please touch me with your hand .”                                                                             42.34
Kausalya  who was sitting by his side , seeing that the king was thinking  continuously of only Rama and no one else , was greatly distressed  and breathing heavily , she started   crying loudly.       42.35

This is the end of the forty second  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

43.Kausalya laments
(Kausalya finds fault with Dasaratha   for agreeing to the words  of the cruel Kaikeyi ans she laments   about her sons and Sita.)

Due to sorrow because of parting with her son , Kausalya   with grief  looked at the worn out king  and told the king.                                                                                                                                                       43.1
“The crooked Kaikeyi with the gait of a serpent , has spat  the poison on the tiger among men Rama    and is  now wandering about like a serpent which has   cast off its outer skin.”                                  43.2
“That pretty one  who has fulfilled her objective by banishing Rama , is like a poisonous serpent in  her home and is now prepared to torture me.”                                                                                                43.3
“Had I given my son as her slave , he would  after doing his work, beg and eat food and then  move about in his own home. “                                                                                                                             43.4
“You have thrown down Rama from his position as  per Kaikeyi’ s wishes , like a share  meant for devatas is given to Asuras   on full moon days.  “                                                                                                        43.5
“My  valorous son who walks like the king of elephants and who is  an expert in archery , now must be entering the forest along    with his wife and Lakshmana.”                                                                     43.6
“As per desire of Kaikeyi   , when you have abandoned them , who have never seen suffering    , to live in the forest , what would be their state  of affairs? “                                                                                  43.7
“Those young ones  deprived of wealth  at a time of  real enjoyment  have been banished to live  a miserable life in forest  subsisting on roots and fruits.”                                                                          43.8
“When will I be able to see  again , Rama along with his wife and brother? I wish that time for  complete destruction of my sorrows comes now itself .”                                                                                         43.9
“When will the heroes return to Ayodhya  and when will the good people of Ayodhya welcome them by hoisting  flags and banners? “                                                                                                                    43.10
“When will they see the tiger among men returning from the forest   and when will the town rejoice like the ocean on a full moon day ?  “                                                                                                              43.11
“When will the great hero again enter Ayodhya , placing Sita in front of him on the chariot like a bull being preceded by the cow ?”                                                                                                                   43.12
“When will thousands of people showed the puffed rice on the royal avenue , when my sons  who are the destroyer of their enemies   enter the town?”                                                                                 43.13
“When will I  see them enter Ayodhya , with pretty ear globes and raising  high their powerful weapons  and swords and appear like a peak?”                                                                                                       43.14
“When will they offer fruits  and flowers   to  the maids and Brahmins     and go round the city?’ 43.15
“When will he steeped in Dharma  and   who is fully grown up  in age and intelligence and who   shines like devas  playfully reach me like a three   year old?”                                                                           43.16
“Oh valorous one  , Without any doubt , in my previous birth I must have hacked the udders of a cow , when their calves were thirsting for milk.”                                                                                             43.17
“  Oh tiger among men, Like a lion separating the cow from its calf , Kaikeyi has separated me from my son like a cow from its calf.”                                                                                                                       43.18
“I am not interested to live without my only son , who is endowed will all virtues  and an expert in all branches of knowledge.”                                                                                                                             43.19
“I do not have   even a little strength   to live , without seeing my dear  son , who is very   strong and  who has a powerful body.”                                                                                                                         43.20   
“Due to the separating from my son, I feel  that I am being burnt  in the fire  of grief  , like the God Sun burning the earth  by his very hot rays.”                                                                                                  43.21

This is the end of the forty third chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

44. Sumithra consoles  Kausalya

(The very balanced  Sumithra points out all the positive points of Rama  and convinces  Kausalya that  only good will come out of  Rama’s going to forest)

Sumithra devoted  to Dharma addressing  that great lady Kausalya who was   wailing   using these words.                                                                                                                                                                   told.                                                                                                                                                                           44.1
“Your son has great virtues  and he is   the best among  men. Why are crying like  a ill  fated individual?  “
“ Your son is a very strong one, based on Dharma  and very great  one  who repudiated the throne  to make the words of his  great father     as the  perfect truth. By observing this , he would get desirable fruits even after death. So you should not lament over his action.”                                                  44.3 -44.4
“Lakshmana , the ever faultless one  who has compassion towards    all beings  , renders the best form of service to Rama .”                                                                                                                                                  44.5
“That Sita who had a pleasant life though knowing well the problems of forest life  is following your son, who is the follower of Dharma.”                                                                                                                        44.6
“That lord is flying the flag of great fame  in this world  and your son is greatly devoted to  the upkeep of Dharma  and truth  and what has  he not got?”                                                                                              44.7
“Having known about , the purity and might of the great Rama , the sun gods will not hurt his body     with   his rays.”                                                                                                                                                     44.8
“During all times, peace would prevail in the forest  and the fire god will serve him  by providing proper heat and  cold to Rama, there.”                                                                                                                      44.9
“When the blemish less one is sleeping at night , the moon will touch him with its cool rays just like the father    touches the son.”                                                                                                                              44.10
“When he killed Subahu the son of Thimidwaja   who is the greatest among asuras  , Lord Brahma had given him with great splendour , several divine weapons. And that valorous    tiger among men , who is dependent on his own strength , will fearlessly live in the forest as if he is living  in his own palace.”   
“How can not the earth   obey his commands , whose  aim of arrows assures him of the destruction  of all his enemies.”                                                                                                                                                 44.13
“Due to the splendour , valour and auspicious courage that he has, he would complete his sojourn in the forest quickly     and  take over the kingdom.”                                                                                              44.14
“Oh Kausalya , Rama is the Sun to Sun himself, the lord of all lords , auspiciousness to Goddess Lakshmi  , the foremost fame of fame itself , patience of patience , god of gods, the best among all beings  and what problems would be there for him in the forest or  in Ayodhya,”                                           44.15-44.16
“That best among men would be crowned    as the king of earth    along with Sita as well as divine auspiciousness.”                                                                                                                                                 44.17
 “Seeing that  he was departing from here  all the people were shedding tears of sorrow     due to  the speed of their great grief    and  that  divine unconquerable  God who wore grass as well as  bark was followed by The Goddess Lakshmi wearing an apparel of grass.   What would be difficult  for him to do?”
“Lakshmana who is an expert in archery  is following him fully armed with arrows, swords  and other weapons. What would be impossible for him to do?”                                                                              44.20
“You would see him returning after    a  stay   in the forest , and Oh God like lady ,leave out this sorrow and passionate  behaviour and I am telling you the truth.”                                                                      44.21
“Oh faultless one, oh auspicious one , you would again see him salute you by keeping his head on your feet  like a rising moon.”                                                                                                                                  44.22
“When you see him entering again and being crowned, shining in great glory,  tears of joy would definitely pour out of your eyes.”                                                                                                                  44.23
“Do not be sad  , my lady  for sorrow .Rama will never see sorrow or inauspicious happenings , and you will soon see him along with   Sita and Lakshmana.”                                                                                  44.24
“Oh spot less one, when it is your duty to console all others , why this sort of reaction oh lady   and why this fear in your mind.”                                                                                                                                     44.25
“Oh lady , you should never be sad  for you have a son like Rama  and there is no one in the world greater than Rama  , who stands on the path of virtue.”                                                                          44.26
“When you see your son and his friends saluting you , you would shed tears of joy like the clouds in the rainy season.”                                                                                                                                                  44.27
“Your son who is capable of blessing with boons would speedily return  and with his soft hands massage  your feet.”                                                                                                                                                        44.28
“Your  valorous son will greet and salute you along with his friends  and you would drench him with tears of joy like  the  clouds  making  the mountain wet.”                                                                     44.29
“After consoling that  mother  of Rama who was   the wife of  the king  ,   with different types of words
and  the     sorrow  from her mind disappeared like the cloud of autumn       holding slight moisture.”

This is the end of the forty fourth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

No comments:

Post a Comment