Saturday, August 24, 2013

Ayodhya Kanda 60-82

Ayodhya Kanda (Contd)
60.Sumanthra consoles Kausalya

(Sumanthra tells that Sita is enjoying her life in the company  and under protection of Rama.  He also told her not to worry  about  Rama.)

Then she  who was trembling like one in the grip of evil spirits , again and again rolled on the ground  and then spoke to the charioteer.                                                                                                                 60.1
“Take me to the palace where Rama and Sita as well as Lakshmana    are there. I do not have desire to live without them even for a second.”                                                                                                          60.2
“Turn back your chariot speedily and take me now  to the Dandaka forest , for if I am not going there, I will go to the land of Yama.”                                                                                                                           60.3
That charioteer  with faltering words prevented by speedily falling tears , consoled Kausalya    and told to her .                                                                                                                                                                 60.4
“Please  throw away  the sorrow, the desire, the nervousness all arising out of deep grief  . Rama is definitely  going to live in the forest without bothering about the difficulties.”                                   60.5
“Lakshmana who is serving the feet of Rama  and worshipping them,  is a man of Dharma and controlling his senses   would go to the other world.”                                                                                                     60.6
“Even in the desolate forest Sita would live like she lives at home, concentrating her mind fully   on Rama   and getting great confidence.”                                                                                                            60.7
“I could  not observe even a slightest dejection in  Sita , as she has already got accustomed      to live there away from her home.”                                                                                                                          60.8
“When she was in the city , she used to visit gardens and enjoy  and similarly she is enjoying her stay in the desolate    forest.”                                                                                                                          60.9
“That wife of Rama  with her face resembling the full moon , with her mind  concentrated on Rama   is staying in the forest and enjoying her stay like a young girl.”                                                                 60.10
“Her  heart is united with Rama    and her life  is in his custody  and so life without Rama Ayodhya would be like wilderness to her.”                                                                                                                           60.11
“That Sita on seeing  villages , towns , roads , rivers and different type of trees  enquired either    with Rama and Lakshmana  and  understood about them and was behaving as if she was within two miles of Ayodhya    and was in a recreational park.”                                                                                        60.12-60.13
“I remember her hastily muttering something about Kaikeyi but    as of now I am not able     to recollect them.”                                                                                                                                                                   60.14
Thus after  willfully avoiding  telling Kausalya inadvertently   her words  about Kaikeyi , the charioteer told her those words which pleased her.                                                                                                        60.15
“The luster of Sita which resembled the luster   of moon light , did not diminish due to the tiredness   due to the journey  or blowing fast wind or  due to nervousness.”                                                            60.16
The look of that lady who was greatly generous  which resembled  a lotus  flower with hundred petals  and also  the splendour of the full moon never wilted.”                                                                               60.17
“Though her   feet was not decorated by the liquid lac  it shined like it was  applied there  and it was shining like the red lotus buds.”                                                                                                                        60.18
“Though Sita had cast off all her ornaments , even now it appeared as if her    anklets was making tinkling sounds  due to her love towards Rama.”                                                                                           60.19
“She who is in the forest even after seeing an elephant or a lion or   tiger, does not get afraid due to her depending on strong arms of Rama.”                                                                                                              60.20 
“There is no need for you to become sad either for them or for you   or for the king , for this history would be firmly engraved   in the mind of the world.”                                                                                60.21
“Leaving out sorrow and with a very happy frame of mind , firmly installed in the path of the great    sages   , they are living in the forest by supporting themselves with product of forests  and they are upholding the promise given  by their father.”                                                                                             60.22
Though  being consoled by the very logical charioteer , that lady who was suffering  the parting sorrow of her son  did not stop chanting  “Oh Darling”, Oh Son, Oh Rama”.                                                       60.23

This is the end of the sixtieth       chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

61.Kausalya accuses Dasaratha

(Kausalya tell that her son Rama  , would not accept the kingdom ruled by Bharatha after his return. She also tells him that he is capable of destroying Dasaratha himself but not doing it due to his attachment to Dharma.)

When  the greatest Rama  who was the best among those   who followed  Dharma and who  gave joy to others  went to the forest , the anguished  Kausalya  sobbing addressed her husband  and told.         61.1
“Though your great fame has spread all  over  the  three worlds , the compassionate Rama , who speaks sweetly  as well as generously  is well spoken of.”                                                                                           61.2
“Oh best among men,  your sons as well as Sita  are now suffering   due to sorrow  in a forest . Will they be able   to endure it?                                                                                                                                            61.3
“How can that Sita   who is  youthful , dark,  pretty  as well as one  used to pleasure , tolerate the heat and cold ?”                                                                                                                                                                61.4
“She used to eat  till now well cooked food with condiments and soups which is well prepared and how can she partake   the food of the forest consisting of  wild rice?”                                                                61.5
“How can she who is blameless and auspicious , used to hearing  sounds of musical instruments  and music ,  bear  to hear the  inauspicious  and  horrible    sound  of wild animals ?”                                    61.6
“How can the very strong Rama resembling the flag Of Indra    sleep , using his steel like strong hand as a pillow?”                                                                                                                                                                     61.7
“When will I be able to see again Rama  who is lotus coloured , who has well grown hair , who has the scent of lotus flowers  and  has a face like lotus flower?”                                                                              61.8
“Without any doubt , my heart   is made of diamond , for in spite of my not seeing him, it does not break in to pieces.”                                                                                                                                                            61.9
“It is due to your act without any mercy that  all my relatives  are running  miserably  round in the terrible  forest   after being banished by you.”                                                                                       61.10
“If Rama returns back in the fifteenth year , it does not appear that Bharatha will gave back the kingdom and treasury     to him.”                                                                                                                                      61.11
“It seems some people feed    their relatives first in the Sradha(annual death ceremony)  and then after the ceremony is over  only they feed the best of Brahmins, just for the sake of feeding”                   61.12
“Those greatly learned Brahmins with good conduct and equal to devas  , then would not  eat that food  after some people  have eaten it , even if it is nectar.”                                                                                61.13
“The great Brahmins will not eat the food eaten earlier by others , even though they were Brahmins , like the bulls dislike their horns being cut off.”                                                                                              61.14
“ Oh lord of universe , Similarly is it not proper that  elder brother who is  great  rejects the  kingdom  which was ruled by his younger brother?”                                                                                                       61.15
“A tiger would not like to eat  the meat  of animal killed by some other  animal  and this tiger among men , will not accept the kingdom enjoyed by others.”                                                                                61.16
“The food offering  to be offered in fire, the ghee , sacrificial cakes to be offered in fire , kusa grass, Khadira wood  and sacrificial posts , after the lapse of one Yama(three hours)  cannot be used.”      61.17
“Similarly Rama would not accept this kingdom which has been possessed by others, which would be like liquor which has lost his power   and  a fire sacrifice where Soma is exhausted.”                           61.18
“Rama is highly determined and would not like to be insulted and if he is enraged with his sharp arrows , he may even split Mandhara mountain.”                                                                                                        61.19
“Oh Dasaratha, it is only out of respect to you as his father that , the great one  is not  showing any interest in killing you.  If  he is angry , he is capable of pulling down  , all the planets lead by moon and sun, the sky decorated by various stars and heaven   but he is not disobeying you. He is capable of agitating in this world surrounded by mountains.”                                                                       61.20-61.21
“That Rama will not tolerate the insult of this sort like a tiger cannot tolerate its   tail being twisted.”
“Even if all the worlds were to unite against  him in a great war , he would not be scared. That Soul of Dharma would not follow a path outside Dharma but   will unite the world with Dharma.”                61.23
“The greatly valorous  Rama who has mighty arms , using his golden arrows  will burn all beings and all oceans  in fire and it would appear as if it is the time of great deluge.”                                                61.24
“That bull like man  who has strength like a lion and eyes like that of a bull, has been destroyed by his own father like  the fish killing its own offspring.”                                                                                        61.25
“Does your banishment of your own son who is the follower of Dharma ,   fall under the  birth less Sasthra   of the people who are born twice?”                                                                                                61.26  
“The  first source of support for a lady is her husband, the second her son , the third her relatives and for her there is no fourth source of support.”                                                                                                       61.27
“You are not there for me, Rama has gone to the forest  and since I do not like to go to the forest , you have taken away everything from me.”                                                                                                          61.28
“You have destroyed this kingship along  with the country , You have destroyed the ministers along with yourselves , you have destroyed your good and your citizens and your son(Bharatha)_ and wife(Kaikeyi) are happy now.”                                                                                                                                                   61.29
After these words fell from her with frightful accents , the king became sad and lost his consciousness  and thereafter recollecting the bad deeds  done by him , he again lost his conscience.”                      61.30  

This is the end of the sixty first       chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

62.Kausalys begs pardon with  Dasaratha  and consoles him.

(When Dasaratha begs forgiveness the great Kausalya realizes the great breach of Dharma made by her. She then    admits her mistake and seeks the pardon of Dasaratha.  At the time the sorrow of Dasaratha increased   due to  an incident connected to his using the sound arrow.)

That king after hearing these angry and   demeaning words from the very sad mother of Rama , became very thoughtful as well as sad.                                                                                                                             62.1
The king after thinking  that over became sad  with worries and again lost his consciousness and that tormenter of enemies kept on thinking  it for a long time and regained his senses.                                 62.2
After getting his senses back , he   took long  , hot and painful breaths , and noticing Kausalya near him  again started thinking.                                                                                                                                         62.3
When he was thinking like this suddenly he remembered about the sinful act committed by him  using the sound arrow(Arrow  which is aimed at sound.)                                                                                         62.4
That lord heartbroken due to the sorrow of parting with Rama , suddenly doubled his sorrow thinking of his  earlier act.                                                                                                                                                       62.5
That king Dasaratha who was being burnt by both these sorrows started trembling  and with a  bent head  and with folded hands try to appease queen Kausalya.                                                                       62.6
“Hey Kausalya , be pleased with me for I am saluting you, for you are always good to everybody and cruel to none.”                                                                                                                                                        62.7
“Oh lady, if we do research on Dharma ,  it appears that  for a woman a husband  who has good or bad qualities  is always godlike and to her  he is a visible God.”                                                                      62.8
“You are always the follower of dharma , who knows all that is good and bad in this world. Even though you are hurt deeply , it is not proper for you  to talk like this to me,  who is greatly grieving.”               62.9
Hearing those very pitiable words from the king who was in wretched state  , she  shed tears like a canal that has been opened.                                                                                                                                        62.10
Kausalya who was crying , kept the lotus like folded palms of the king on her head , out of great emotion of fear  talked pronouncing  each letter at a time.                                                                                        62.11 
“Oh King , I have fallen down earth  bowing down my head. I have been greatly hurt  by your act of your begging from me and I am not at all  fit  to be pardoned by you.”                                                           62.12
“Oh heroic one, That lady  is not fit for a praise  in this and in the next world , who is appeased by her sagacious  and praiseworthy husband.”                                                                                                        62.13
“Oh follower of Dharma, , I know about rules of Dharma  and also know that you are an votary of truth  but I spoke to you in an improper fashion , me being affected by the sorrow of parting with my son.” 
“Sorrow destroys  courage as well as Sasthras  and sorrow destroys everything   and there is no enemy as great as sorrow.”                                                                                                                                           62.15
“It is possible to  endure   the big blow from   an enemies hand but it is not possible to endure  , unexpected sorrow, however slight it may be.”                                                                                          62.16
“Oh heroic one, oh follower of Dharma, oh person who knows Vedas , even sages who do not have   any doubt in either  Dharma  or Artha , when they are affected by sorrow , they get deluded.”              62.17
“Today is the fifth night after Rama has  started living in the forest but it appears as if it is five years since  I lost my joy and drowned in sorrow.”                                                                                                 62.18
“While   thinking  of Rama  in my heart , the sorrow increases , like   the water of ocean  increases when a big river empties  its waters in it.”                                                                                                              62.19
When Kausalya was talking these  auspicious words , the light of the sun diminished and night was about to set in.                                                                                                                                                              62.20
Thus consoled by these words of Kausalya  , the king , overcame his sorrow  became under the control of sleep.                                                                                                                                                                  62.21

This is the end of the sixty second      chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

63.Dasaratha kills a saint by Sabdha Bhedhi

(Dasaratha is not able to sleep and tells her how he killed an innocent sage in his youth by using the Sabdha Bhedhi arrow.  The saint told him about his blind parents and died.)

After that the king woke up within a short time  due to his mind being troubled by sorrow  and then the king  started thinking again.                                                                                                                                 63.1
Due  to the banishment of Rama and Lakshmana,   the king    who was like Indra , appeared like a sun darkened   by the calamity  created by an Asura.                                                                                            63.2
When Rama went to the  forest   after being banished , the king of Kosala kingdom , remembered  the evil deed done by him  and wished to speak to the lady with black lashes.                                            63.3
That king on the sixth day of Rama’s banishment  at midnight  recalled the  evil   act done by him.    63.4
That king sorrowing to the parting with his son recollected the misdeed done by him , addressed Kausalya who was equally  sad  , having parted   with her son , told the  following.                                 63.5
“Oh auspicious gentle lady,  anyone who performs a good or bad act , he will himself get the result  of such action.”                                                                                                                                                           63.6
“He who does not know about the likely fruit  or evil result of any action , would be considered    as a mere boy.”                                                                                                                                                              63.7
“If  any one  after   seeing  the attractive flowers   of  the phalasa  tree , due to greed of  the  likely fruits as per his imagination, cuts off  the mango orchard round it  and waters the phalasa tree , he would repent.”                                                                                                                                                                 63.8
“Anyone who runs  for doing an act , without knowing how  the fruit  will be , would  be like one who would repent after  he waters   the phalasa   tree,”                                                                                     63.9
“I have cut the mango tree   and am watering the phalasa  plants . I have sent out Rama when he was   about to bear  the fruits  and I am grieving at present.”                                                                           63.10
“Oh Kausalya I attained fame  as a great    archer even in childhood as one can hit a target    hearing the sound  from it  and with a help of that power , I have committed a sin.”                                             63.11
“Just like a child eats poison  in a state of bewitching ignorance , Oh lady, I have brought    this problem  by my own acts.”                                                                                                                                              63.12
“Like a man who became interested  in growing Phalasa trees, this result of using Sabda Bhedhi(Shoot at the sound) , is due to my ignorance.”                                                                                                            63.13
“Oh lady , I was not married at that time and I was the Yuvaraja  ad you were not there to advise me. When the rainy season set in  my passion and enthusiasm increased.”                                                63.14
“The Sun  after removing  the moisture from the earth by using  its scorching  rays, entered the fearful land of the dead(The sun has set).”                                                                                                               63.15
“At that time the heat subsided  and seeing the glistening clouds  frogs, geese   as well as peacocks  rejoiced.”                                                                                                                                                           63.16
“The birds  after taking bath in water got their wings moistened  and reached with great difficulty the trees, shaking by wind and rain.”                                                                                                                  63.17
“Covered with water due to the   rain which never  stopped , the mountain  visited by exuberant antelopes   looked like   a lake of water.”                                                                                                    63.18  
“Though the waters were pure, since it rapidly  flowed  along  with minerals which were mixed in the soil , the water was white as well as red and its flow appeared a like a moving serpent.”                        63.19
“With the coming of water due   to rain, the streams which were pure  going through the marshy red soil became red in colour.”                                                                                                                                     63.20
“In that very pleasant season, armed with bows and arrows , with an intention of getting exercise , I proceeded in my chariot towards  Sarayu river.”                                                                                       63.21
“I  who did not have my senses under control, reached a water hole in the river    and hid  in a lonely  place near by it , with a desire of killing a Buffalo or an elephant   or any other wild animal.”          63.22
“Secretly waiting there  , I killed many cruel wild animals    which   reached the banks of the river , by the sounds made by them.”                                                                                                                                   63.23
“After some time in that pitch darkness , I heard a pitcher  being filled with water  and since my eye could not reach there , I thought that  it as the trumpeting sound   of an elephant.”                63.24
“Then taking out an arrow , which resembled a poisonous serpent  and released it , with  an aim of killing that elephant , towards the source of the sound.”                                                                63.25
“I sent a well sharpened arrow  which looked like a poisonous serpent  and in that morning twilight when it hit the vital parts of  body of some one, I heard him shout “ha, ha”    and also heard the sound  of his body falling in water.”                                                                                                       63.26-63.27
“When that arrow hit  him, I heard the voice of human being say, “How can someone hit   with an arrow a  person   like me, who is a sage?”                                                                                                      63.28
“I had come to this lonely river to quench my thirst and who has  wounded me with an arrow  and what offence have I done to him.?”                                                                                                                63.29
“I am a sage living in the forest   subsisting on the materials of the forest  and who has imposed death on me using a weapon?”                                                                                                                                63.30
“Who is desirous of killing me who has a  matted hair and who wears deer skin and tree bark  as cloth?
What harm have I done to him?”                                                                                                            63.31
“The effort which has been done  here is purposeless  and disastrous and all people would consider it as a seen like one occupying the bed    oh his Guru.”                                                                             63.32
“I am not much bothered about my loss of life and am  worried more about my father  and mother after my death.”                                                                                                                                                    63.33
“I have been looking after those old people for quite some time  and after I get mixed in the five elements,  how would they continue to live in future?”                                                                     63.34
“That single arrow has killed me and also my aged father and mother  and who is the childish person with malicious intentions    who has killed all of us?”                                                                          63.35
“Hearing that pitiable voice , the bow and arrow fell down from my hands which has done an act  against Dharma?”                                                                                                                                        63.36
“Hearing that pitiable voice, in that very dark night , I was greatly  frightened with excess sorrow  and was unable to think?”                                                                                                                                 63.37
“I reached the banks of river Sarayu, with a very troubled mind and in a dilapidated condition   and there I saw the body of a sage which was stuck by an arrow  and which was  smeared with blood and dust , with scattered locks of hair  and with his water pitcher thrown away .”                              63.38-63.39
“He  who was greatly frightened and totally shaken up , stared  at me  with his eyes as if to burn me and told me  these cruel words.”                                                                                                                    63.40
“Oh king ,when  I was trying to take water     for my parents , I have been stuck by your arrow. What have I , who lives in the forest done to you?”                                                                                         63.41
“Just by striking with one arrow  in my vital parts , you have killed me as    well as  my aged blind , father and mother.”                                                                                                                                              63.42
“How will they who are weak as well as blind  and waiting  for me to quench their thirst  for a long time, control their thirst?”                                                                                                                                  63.43
“My father does not know that I am wounded and lying on the  ground and it appears to me that there is nothing gained by penance or knowledge of Vedas.”                                                                     63.44
“I do not know  what he will do  without having  even energy to walk  and he is as helpless like a tree which  cannot protect another tree being cut?”                                                                                  63.45
“Oh king of Raghu clan, please go quickly to my father  and tell about this to my angry father , lest  he does not burn this forest like an ignited fire.”                                                                                          63.46
“There is a  foot path from here which leads to my father’s hermitage . You go there and please him so that he will not curse   you   due to his anger.”                                                                                    63.47
“Oh king take out this sharp arrow from my body  as it is hurting  my vital   parts of my body  like a rushing water  current advancing to break its elevated banks,”                                                       63.48
“A thought entered   me that if the arrow is not removed  , it will cause pain and if it is removed he would die.”                                                                                                                                                63.49
“That the son of  the sage seeing me who was greatly distressed, completely wretched and full of sorrow told me.”                                                                                                                                                    63.50
“That sage who was distressed and was about to die , with twisted limbs encircling his body  and with great grief and with great difficulty spoke to me .”                                                                              63.51
“ Be courageous  , Control your sorrow , become firm minded  and remove the thought    that you have killed  a Brahmin.”                                                                                                                                        63.52
“Oh king remove that worry  that I am a Brahmin,  from your mind, for oh king of the people , I was born of  Vaisya father    and Shudhra  mother.”                                                                                                63.53
“After saying like this the saint who was hurt  in his vital parts by the arrow,   was lying on the ground writing in pain and turning and twisting his body  and trembling and rolling on the earth  and I bent   and pulled out that arrow and the sage   whose only wealth is  his penance   looked up to me and died.”
“Oh auspicious lady , having seen the saint lying  in the banks of Sarayu with his vital parts being wounded   by an arrow    and who was drenched in water  and ceaselessly lamenting about his pain , I was greatly dejected”                                                                                                                                  63.55

This is the end of the sixty third      chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

64. The curse  of the saint couple

(Dasaratha then tells how he told the old people about their son ‘s death. He then narrates about their sorrow and how  after cremating their son, they cursed him  to suffer the sorrow of parting with his son and died. Dasaratha breaths his last while sleeping.)

That soul of Dharma  wailing about the incomparable killing of  that great sage   Continued telling   Kausalya.                                                                                                                                                              64.1
“ I  after having done that great sin unintentionally  with  my senses being  agitated , thought with a concentrated mind, how to   make it all right.”                                                                                           64.2
‘Then I filled the pot with pure water , reached the  hermitage holding the pot , walking through the path as directed.”                                                                                                                                               64.3
“There I saw  his parents  who  were very weak, old  and  fit to be worshipped  and who did not have a help to make them walk and who looked like birds whose wings has been cut. Since they  were not able to do any work , they were talking about their son , whom I have eliminated and made them both as orphans. “                                                                                                                                                      64.4-64.5
“With a mind filled with grief and a palpitating heart due  to great fear   , I became more sad with apprehension on reaching the hermitage.”                                                                                                      64.6
“Hearing the sound of my foot falls  that sage told, “Oh son, why this great  delay, Give me the  water   speedily.”                                                                                                                                                                  64.7
“Whatever may the reason  son,    for your playing in the water for so long,  your mother was greatly worried. Enter the hermitage quickly.”                                                                                                              64.8
“Oh son, if me or your mother has done any displeasing act  , since you are a sage , do not keep it in mind.”                                                                                                                                                                        64.9
“You are the only support for us who are like orphans  and  as we are both without eyes , you are our eyes  and you are our soul. Why are you not talking to us?”                                                                       64.10
“ Having seen that sage , I  uttered  a few  indistinct words ,stammering and without  proper emphasis on the syllables.”                                                                                                                                                   64.11
“Holding up firmly to the strength of my speech , my mind  and  my  action, I related to him with fear  the calamity that happened to their son.”                                                                                                      64.12
“oh great one, I am not  your son but a man of royal lineage named Dasaratha. By action which would be condemned by good people  a sorrowful incident has happened.”                                                   64.13
“Oh god like person, I had come to bank of Sarayu with my bow   and arrow with a desire to kill wild animals and elephants.”                                                                                                                                64.14
“Then I  heard the sound of water entering the pot  and I thought that it is  an elephant  and I shot an arrow to kill  it”                                                                                                                                               64.15
“Then I went to the bank of the river, I saw a sage with an arrow pierced  on his chest , lying on the ground  and who   was dying.”                                                                                                                    64.16
“Oh God like person,  the arrow which I had sent based on the sound  to kill  an elephant   and that arrow has stuck your son.”                                                                                                                         64.17
“From his words , understanding that he was suffering greatly  and  as per his advice I pulled out the arrow    from his vital parts.”                                                                                                                     64.18
“When the arrow was drawn out , he died  there itself  bewailing  for you both     who are blind.”
“Your son has been killed by me due to my ignorance   and   great haste and oh sage , please tell me   all that I have to do now.”                                                                                                                             64.20
“Hearing those very cruel words of mine , informing him the bad news , the great saint suffered great anguish   and was not knowing what to do.”                                                                                       64.21
“When what highly lustrous   sage  with his face wet with tears , taking tortured breaths  and broken with sorrow   Spoke to me who was  standing nearby   with folded hands .”                              64.22
“If you had not told me about this inauspicious act of yours, Oh king your head would have broken in to thousand pieces.”                                                                                                                                   64.23
“O king , if a Kshatriya  knowingly kills someone especially  living in the forest, even if he  is Indra, the user of Thunderbolt, he would be thrown out   of his position.”                                                  64.24
“If knowingly  you kill a  person of ascetic practices , or one who propounds knowledge of Brahman, his head would  split in to seven pieces.”                                                                                                64.25
“You are alive now because you have done it unknowingly  otherwise not only you but the entire   clan of Ikshuvaku would have perished.”                                                                                                        64.26
Then he spoke, “Oh king now we would like to see our son and have a last look  at his body drenched with blood , with his garment of deer skin lying scattered  and which is lying  unconscious on the earth  and who has gone to the custody of  Yama, the God of death.”                                            64.27-64.28
“Then I took both of them who were extremely sorrowing to that place and made the sage and his wife touch their son.”                                                                                                                                           64.29
“Then that miserable couple touched the body of their son and fell on it and  that father   spoke  thus.”                                                                                                                                                                
“My dear child, neither are you saluting me  , nor do you talk to me . Why are you lying down on the earth? Are you angry?”                                                                                                                                 64.31
“Oh son who follows Dharma,  am I not  dear to you .If not see your mother .Why are you not hugging us? Please tell pretty words.”                                                                                                                      64.32
“From now onwards,  late at night whose voice  reciting  sweetly  the book of Sasthras  , will I be able to hear?”                                                                                                                                                              64.33
“ Oh son, From now on who will salute the dawn after taking bath and offer sacrifices to the fire and after worshipping , talk  to me with great confidence when I am afflicted with sorrow and fear?”64.34
“Who will bring roots and fruits and feed me with love like a guest from now on? I Will be now sitting  without  work and without fetching anything as  there would be nobody to help me to walk .”64.35
“Oh child , you have made this very old and aged mother  very sad and how can I support her who is longing for her son?”                                                                                                                                  64.36
“Oh son , wait , do not go to the city  of death today  and you can go there tomorrow accompanied by me  and your mother.”                                                                                                                              64.37
“We both having been deserted by you are very sad in this cruel forest  and feel like orphans and we also will  come to the abode of death quickly.”                                                                                      64.38
“There we would see the God of death     and implore him “Oh Lord of Dharma, forgive, Please allow this boy to maintain his parents.”                                                                                                                      64.39
“That famous God of Dharma, who looks after the world  after   deciding that my request   is  suitable to be granted , would grant me a boon to protect me from fear.”                                                           64.40
Oh son , you are sinless and killed by a person of sinful deeds  and therefore you will go to world of heroes killed truly by weapons.”                                                                                                                64.41
“Oh son, please attain that great state of warriors who were  killed in a battle  due to their not retreating when facing an enemy.”                                                                                                                              64.42
“Oh son attain that  state  which Sagara, Saibhya , Dileepa,  Janamejaya , Nahusha and Dundumara , have attained.”                                                                                                                                            64.43
Oh little son, you will attain the same state    as that attained by Virtuous people who were ascetics and who studied Vedas   , as that attained by givers of land in charity  as also that attained by   those who did worship of fire , as that attained by people who lived  with only one wife , as that  attained by people who gave thousands of cows in charity , as that attained by people who worshipped their elders and that attained by people who laid their body voluntarily.                                                           64.44-64.45
“All those who are born in our clan will not attain any  state of suffering , which would be attained by the one who killed you.”                                                                                                                             64.46
“Like this those two went on crying again and again  and then he along with his wife commenced doing funeral rites to his son.”                                                                                                                              64.47
“That son of the sage  who was an expert in Dharma , due to his own meritorious deeds  assumed a celestial form and ascended  to the heavens along with Indra. “                                                      64.48
“That sage along with Indra addressed  those aged ones  for a moment and told these words of consolation.”                                                                                                                                               64.49
“By doing service to you, I have attained a great supreme state and t you both also would come   and join me soon.”                                                                                                                                              64.50
“That son of the sage who had controlled his senses  , after saying this ascended the pretty divine chariot  and went to heaven.”                                                                                                                  64.51
“That saint along with    his  wife completed the funerals libations  immediately  and told me   who was standing by his side with folded hands.”                                                                                                64.52
“Oh king , since you have killed my only son with an arrow , you have made me childless  and so I request you to kill me also  and I will not be pained by it.”                                                               64.53
“Since you have killed my pure hearted son  though unintentionally , I will give you a very cruel curse  which would make you sad.”                                                                                                                    64.54
“ Oh king , Similar to the sorrow that I am now suffering due to the death of my son, you will also suffer a sorrow caused by your son and would die after that.”                                                                      64.55
“ Oh king, Though  being a Kshatriya you have killed a saint unknowingly  , the sin of killing a Brahmin would not get attached to you.”                                                                                                              64.56
“Soon  you will face a fatal condition   causing you  a dreadful death  and this incident would follow you like the alms following the giver of alms.”                                                                                              64.57
“After giving this curse to me , those two people cried for some time and gave up their life lying on the funeral pyre and went to heaven .”                                                                                                      64.58
“Oh Kausalya   after recollecting this incident  of my childish act in sending an arrow based on sound and killing a saint  has recoiled on me.”                                                                                                       64.59
“Oh lady, my present state   is due  to the consequence of my previous deed  and it is like suffering health problems when you take food not conducive to health.”                                                                64.60
“Oh auspicious lady, now the   words of that great sage has come true today  and I would soon give up my life due to the sorrow caused by parting with my son.”                                                                     64.61
“Oh Kausalya, I am not able to see you, please touch me with your holy hands “ said the king to his   wife crying all along.                                                                                                                                                 64.62
“Oh Lady , the act of banishing to forest   a son like Rama can possibly be done only by me  and the act done by Rama in response  to my word can only be done by Rama.”                                                     64.63
“In this world, which discriminating man will abandon his son, even if he is ill behaved and which son  will not become angry with his father when  he is being banished?”                                                      64.64
“Would Rama touch  me once now and will he come to my bedside?  For after one reaches the land of Yama they  cannot see their relations.”                                                                                                         64.65
“Oh Kausalya , I am not able to see you and my memory is fading  and the messengers of God of death are hastening  me up.”                                                                                                                                      64.66 
“At this time when my life is fading I am not   in a position to see  Rama, who is a follower of Dharma and also valorous in truth.”                                                                                                                              64.67
‘The sorrow arising out of not being able to see my son is drying away my life , similar  to heat  drying up a   small  pool  of water.”                                                                                                                                  64.68
“Those men who are able to see the pretty Rama wearing ear globes , during the fifteenth   year are not men but are  devas.”                                                                                                                                         64.69
“Those men are blessed who would be able to see  Rama  with eyes like lotus petals , pretty eyebrows, , good teeth , pretty nose and who resembles the moon  , the lord of the stars.”                                  64.70
“Those men are blessed indeed who  would be  able to see  my son who has a face like the autumnal moon  a fully opened  lotus flower  and who is fragrant.”                                                                         64.71
“Those who see Rama after he completes and comes back to Ayodhya  are indeed lucky  and would be seeing him like planet Shukra  moving forward on his  course.”                                                              64.72
“Oh Kausalya , due to my numbed senses  my heart is sinking  and I am not able to differentiate  the senses of look , hearing and smell.”                                                                                                               64.73
“With the sinking of my perception , all my sense organs are  sinking , like  the rays of light are  going away in a lamp in which oil is exhausted .”                                                                                                  64.74
“This sorrow arising within me makes me helpless and senseless , like the current of the river destroying its bank.”                                                                                                                                                             64.75
“Oh Rama, Oh very strong one, Oh son destroying all my tiredness , Oh darling of the father , oh my lord, Where have you gone now.”                                                                                                                          64.76
“Oh Kausalya, Oh sage  like Sumithra , oh Kaikeyi who is cruel and who is my enemy , oh destroyer of my clan, , I am being destroyed.”                                                                                                                         64.77
That Dasaratha who was crying in distress in the presence of  mother of Rama  and Sumithra , reached the end of his life.                                                                                                                                            64.78
“That very generous king , deeply hurt by  the exile  of his son went on pitiably narrating all this past midnight  and afflicted with great sorrow breathed his last.”                                                               64.79

This is the end of the sixty fourth     chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

65.King Dasaratha breaths his last

(When the attendants came in the morning to wake up the king  came, they were not able to wake him. They realized that he was dead and started crying. Sumithra and Kausalya who were sleeping due to being tired    woke up and started crying.)

After the night  was over , on the next day morning , highly accomplished, very learned  auspicious  singers of praise  who   were experts in  praising  , singers, flatterers  separately one  after another recited the glory of the king  after reaching the palace of the king.                                               65.1-65.2
The high pitched  benedictions  of the king  by those experts in praise  and sound of their praise   spread  all over the palace .                                                                                                                                            65.3
When those bards were singing praises of the king  , those who clap and sing , clapped and sang about   the wonderful exploits   of the king.                                                                                                                 65.4
Due to the sound produced by them the birds  sitting perched on branches of trees  and some in cages found all over the palace  awoke and began to twitter.                                                                               65.5
The sacred sounds uttered, the music of   the Veena , songs about the exploits of the king,  and blessings in the form of verses   completely filled   the palace .                                                                                    65.6
Then  the experts in purificatory rites  who are skilled in performing royal service ,  large number  of men women and eunuchs  assembled as on former occasions.                                                                             65.7
At the proper time bath attendants bought   water  in golden vessel mixed with  yellow sandal paste according to the custom.”                                                                                                                                     65.8
Then several other  young maids  brought auspicious pastes  and articles pleasing the senses  for completion of the bathing ceremony.                                                                                                                65.9
All the presentations to the king as  per daily practice  which were of the best quality  and which were endowed with wealth and auspiciousness    were worshipped.                                                                  65.10
All of them waited till the sun rise   with   great enthusiasm , without  reaching the king , with a mind in doubt as to what   has  happened.                                                                                                                    65.11
Then those sleep  women attendants of the king  who had unrestricted access , came near the king and tried to wake him up.                                                                                                                                          65.12
Those people of  proper conduct with humility and tact , after touching the bed  could not find  even a minute sign of life.                                                                                                                                               65.13
These women who were   expert in matters relating to sleep  could find from  actions and movements    the nature and intensity of sleep started shivering   since they had doubt whether   the king was alive  and appeared like the shaking reeds standing in running water.                                                               65.14
Those women who got doubt on seeing the king , when they saw him closely  they found that their evil doubt was really true.                                                                                                                                         65.15
Defeated by the sorrow   due to their son’s absence both Kausalya and Sumithra  were sleeping as if possessed by death    and did not wake up.                                                                                                   65.16
Kausalya who had no luster  , who was ashen,  who  had sunk down due to sorrow  was lying down with limbs contracted and did not shine like the stars  covered by darkness .                                               65.17
Kausalya , the king and Sumithra were sleeping one after   another   and  both queens were drooping due to lot of crying  and did not have luster.                                                                                               65.18
Seeing those two auspicious queens  and the king  sleeping silently , the women of the private apartments  considered   that the king has lost his  life breath.                                                             65.19
Then those women , who were like the  herd of she elephants who have lost their  leader of the herd   male elephant  in the forest  wailed bitterly and loudly  .                                                                      65.20
Kausalya and Sumithra hearing    the sound of their  cries, suddenly recovered  their senses    and woke up.                                                                                                                                                                   65.21
Kausalya  and Sumithra after they saw him touched him  crying loudly “Oh lord”  and then fell down on earth.                                                                                                                                                              65.22
Kausalya the daughter of king of Kosala   was lying down on earth coated    with dust  and like a star which fell down on earth  did not shine .                                                                                                 65.23
When the  king became ceased of activity  and when those ladies  saw Kausalya   has fallen   on the ground , they  felt they saw   a slain female  elephant .                                                                     65.24
Then all the ladies of the  king  lead by  Kaikeyi , drowned in grief  crying  fell on the ground with great  crying .                                                                                                                                                     65.25
Those women who were crying loudly , made increasingly louder sounds  and that loud sound echoed  and was heard all over the house.                                                                                                         65.26
When the news of demise   reached  outside, Immediately all happiness vanished from there  and the entire place was filled with only  sorrow and unrest .The king’s palace    was thronged  with anxious , sad  and  frightened people  and the tumult and cries of agony  filled   that  place . The members  of the palace    and relatives were greatly distressed with anguish.                                                  65.27-65.28
The wives of  the famous and great king  realizing   that the king has passed away , surrounded  him   with great sorrow  and wept  piteously and bitterly  holding each other’s arms  and wailed like orphans.
This is the end of the sixty fifth      chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

66.Wives cry  and funeral postponed

(King Kausalya cries a lot and goes on berating Kaikeyi.  The ministers transfer body of Dassaratha in the tub of the oil , so that the funeral can be  carried out by his sons, after they come back.)

After the king departed to heaven, he looked like fire which has been put out,  a dried up ocean, , the sun who has lost his luster  and Kausalya who was crying due to varying types   of  sorrow , kept the head of the king on her lap   and told    Kaikeyi.                                                                              66.1-66.2
“Oh notorious one, oh lady with bad ways , Oh Kaikeyi , let your  wishes, be fulfilled  and having forsaken the king , without any obstacles and with concentrated  mind   enjoy this kingdom.”                    66.3
“After Rama has gone ,  my husband also has gone to heaven . I do not want to continue living travelling in the wrong path   and bereft of any well wishers”                                                                                66.4
“Which women would   like to leave a god like husband  on her own  and would like to live except  Kaikeyi , who does not follow Dharma.”                                                                                                    66.5
“Like a miserly man eating the poisonous   KImpaka   fruit which is with defects, for the sake of the hunchback , Kaikeyi   has destroyed  the clan of Raghu.”                                                                       66.6
“Hearing the banishing of Rama along with wife  in an act of injustice by Dasaratha,   king Janaka   will suffer sorrow like me.”                                                                                                                                 66.7
“That follower of Dharma who has eyes like lotus  petals , who has gone from here , does not know that  I have become a widow  as his father is no more.”                                                                                66.8
“That sage like daughter of the king of Videha would also  suffer great sorrow  and her mind would be  greatly agitated.”                                                                                                                                             66.9
“Hearing the fierce and loud sounds of animals and birds  at night , she would have  been  scared and seek the protection of Rama.”                                                                                                                   66.10
“King Janaka   who  is old and does not have any sons , worrying about  Sita , would become extremely sad and might give up his life.”                                                                                                                 66.11
“Being his virtuous wife, now itself I will choose death  by embracing him and entering his funeral pyre.” 
The attendants  of the queen lead away that unfortunate  and highly distressed Kausalya who was crying
embracing the body of  the  king.                                                                                                            66.13
Thereafter the ministers as per their instruction  placed the body of the king in a tub of oil  and performed the ceremonies that needs to be done.                                                                              66.14
Those ministers  who were knowing everything  did not desire to do the funeral rituals in the absence  of sons and protected the body of the king.                                                                                                 66.15
Seeing the body of the king  laid on the tub of oil by the ministers, the women cried, “Alas the king is no more.”                                                                                                                                                              66.16
With piteously   uplifted arms and with entire face drenched by  tears  and crying due to  great sorrow  they lamented helplessly.                                                                                                                            66.17
“When we have already parted from  the truthful Rama who speaks  with  sweet words, Oh king , why did you also go away?”                                                                                                                                66.18
“First Kaikeyi with evil intentions made us to be away  from Rama and how can we    who are widows  live near that slayer of her husband?”                                                                                                       66.19 
“The competent , sagacious  and  auspicious Rama  has always been   our protector as well as your protector  has gone to the forest abandoning the royal wealth.”                                          66.20
“Without you as well as that valorous one  , being bewitched with sorrow , how can we live being abused by Kaikeyi.”                                                                                                                                   66.21
“She has  given up the king, Rama, the powerful Lakshmana as well as Sita , why will she not cast us out?”                                                                                                                                                            66.22
Those blessed women of Dasaratha who have wetting themselves by rain of tears  due to very great sorrow , convulsed on the floor  without happiness.                                                                           66.23
Like a night without  the moon, like the women without husbands  , that town did not shine without the great king.                                                                                                                                                    66.24
With people filled with tears with women shouting in great anguish  and with empty courtyards   and roads the city did not  shine.                                                                                                                     66.25
When the king started his journey towards heaven,  with the women who were the  wives of the king lying on the ground , the sun ended his journey  and the darkness of night set in.                         66.26
The people and friends of the king who had assembled there , did not agree  for lighting the funeral pyre in the absence of the son of the king  decided to lay the king in the tub of oil   and this  was beyond thought .                                                                                                                                                         66.27
Like the Sky having lost its  luster without the sun  and with  isolated group of stars  the city bereft of any light   was    crowded by people  who have assembled in courtyards in front of their houses   and in squares  and in roads.                                                                                                                                    66.28
The men and women of the city assembled in groups  and denounced the mother of Bharatha  and those people of the city without  its king were greatly distressed and did not have any peace .    66.29

 This is the end of the sixty sixth     chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

67. The Brahmins want someone to be crowned.

(The Brahmins assemble next morning and a king to be selected from the Ikshuvaku clan immediately . They  then list out all the problems that will arise if a king is not there for a country)

The night of that day in Ayodhya stretched without end , somehow got over  with crowded people choked in sorrow  and rendered   greatly cheerless.                                                                                    67.1
When the night came to an end  and the sun rose up, the Brahmins  who were entrusted  with the job of choosing the king   assembled in the royal hall .                                                                                             67.2
The very famous, Markandeya, Moudhgalya , Vamadeva. Kashyapa , Kathyayana, Gauthama  and  Jabali  along with the ministers and approached  chief priest  Vasishta  and expressed their  opinions  and expressed  different opinions.                                                                                                                    67.3-67.4
“That orphaned night was like a period of one hundred years, having lost its lord   due to the sorrow of parting with his son. “                                                                                                                                            67.5
“The king has gone to heaven, Rama had gone to the forest  and lustrous Lakshmana had gone along with his brother”                                                                                                                                                    67.6
“Both Bharatha and Shatrugna who were destroyer of their enemies  had gone to the pretty city of Kaikeyi called Rajagriha  to live  with their maternal grandfather. “                                                         67.7
“Let anyone belonging to the clan of Ikshuvaku  be made    the king now itself , since the kingdom would attain destruction without the king.”                                                                                                            67.8
“In a country without the king , the  garland of lightning and thunders  does not drench the earth with its divine rains.”                                                                                                                                                      67.9
“In a country without a king , even a handful of seeds will not be sown and  the  son or wife  does not obey the words of the head of the family.”                                                                                              67.10
“There is no wealth in the country without a king and  even the wife would not stay with her husband  and another great peril  when there is no king  is that  truth will also not exist.”                                67.11
“In a country without king , people do not build   buildings  and  gardens for recreation and temples   do not exist.”                                                                                                                                                              67.12
“In a country without a king   learned  and self controlled Brahmins , who are well versed  in Vedas and who have the habit of performing sacrifices   do not perform Yagnas.”                                                   67.13
“In a country without kings, the wealthy Brahmins  do not give  abundant gifts   to those  who are chief priests of great sacrifices .”                                                                                                                              67.14
“In a country without  a king the innumerable dancers and actors  do not prosper during festivals   or activities promoting the   welfare of the country.”                                                                                     67.15
“In a country without a king, those engaged in law suits do not  get their problems solved  and those who are experts in telling of stories do not  entertain  the  listeners of those stories.”                     67.16
“In a country without a king youthful ornamented ladies do not meet in pleasure gardens  in the evening and get engaged in sports.”                                                                                                                             67.17
“In a country without a king , pleasure seeking men do  not drive in a chariot along with their women  in to the forests.”                                                                                                                                                      67.18
“In a country without a king , the rich people who have earned their money by cultivation and cattle rearing cannot  sleep securely in their homes with doors wide open. “                                                67.19
“In a country without a king  the sixty  year old elephants with long tusks and also adorned with bells cannot wander   about in the royal avenues .”                                                                                          67.20
“In a country without a king ,  the clapping  of the leather shields protecting the hands  of  archers who shoot arrows incessantly for practice  is not heard.”                                                                                67.21
“In a country without a king  merchants cannot travel long distances  with several kinds of marketable goods   safely.”                                                                                                                                                67.22
“In a country  without a king, the sages who move about alone  contemplating on the higher self  , who seek residence  in homes at evening times  do not wander  about.”                                                    67.23
“In a country without a king, the well being of people are not taken care of  and the army cannot oppose the enemy in a battle.”                                                                                                                    67.24
“In a country without a king , you cannot see well dressed men riding on the best of the horses  or chariots for  getting happiness.”                                                                                                                67.25
“In a country without a king , men who are experts in Sasthras  do not sit for discussions in forests   and in gardens.”                                                                                                                                                   67.26
“In a country without a king ,  the religiously disciplined  people  do not offer garlands of flowers , sweets  and monetary charities   while worshipping  gods.”                                                                67.27
“In a country where there is no king , the princes who anoint themselves with sandal paste   and agaru  .look like trees in spring and do not look graceful.”                                                                              67.28
“The country without a  king is like rivers  without water , trees without vegetation , cows without cowherds .”                                                                                                                                                   67.29
“The flag is the identification of a chariot , smoke is the  identification of fire  and we are  without a magnificent king  as he has gone to heaven.”                                                                                       67.30
“In a country  without a king, no person can own  anything as his own  and men like fishes eat  one another.”                                                                                                                                                      67.31
“The atheists who go beyond  moral bounds and living without any fears  ,  due to the fear of punishment of the king  would also follow the path of virtue.”                                                        67.32
“like the sight daily  watches over the welfare of the body, that king  is the source of protection of truth and Dharma  of the country.”                                                                                                                  67.33
“The king is the truth and Dharma, The king is the tradition of every family, The king is the mother and father  and King  is the welfare of the people.”                                                                                   67.34
“For that reason, a king with great characters excels The god of death, the god of wealth,  and very strong god of  rain.”                                                                                                                                  67.35
“If the king does not  happen to differentiate between good and bad   actions , there  would be darkness and nothing would be  visible .”                                                                                                                  67.36
“Even when the king was alive , we used to obey your words like the ocean which never over steps its shore.”                                                                                                                                                              67.37
“Oh great Brahmin considering all  these  , please choose a son of Ikshuvaku race  and  anoint him as a king because , without a king the country is like a forest.”                                                                    67.38

This is the end of the sixty seventh     chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

68.Messangers are sent to summon Bharatha

(Vasishta decides to send messengers to call  Bharatha . He tells them not to reveal anything to Bharatha. Swiftly travelling they reach the city where Bharatha lives.)

After hearing their words Vasishta replied to the friends and ministers of the king as well as the Brahmins.                                                                                                                                                           68.1
“ That Bharatha on whom the king has conferred his kingdom accompanied by his Shatrugna is living extremely happily  in the home of his maternal uncle . So let us send swift messengers on high speed horses    to bring them back .What is there for us to deliberate in this matter?”                          68.2-68.3
And all of them addressed  Vasishta then  told , “Let them go”  and  on hearing their words , Vasishta said.                                                                                                                                                                       68.4   
“Oh Siddhartha,Oh Vijaya, Oh Jayantha , Oh asoka, Oh Nandana  , I am addressing all of you and telling you. Let it be heard.”                                                                                                                                        68.5 
“Go swiftly to the city of Rajagriha on horses and having gone there hide your sorrow  and this order should be told to Bharatha.”                                                                                                                           68.6    
“The priest and  all the ministers wish you welfare .Please return back urgently as  a very urgent task awaits you.”                                                                                                                                                       68.7 
“All of you after going there , do not tell him anything about Rama’s exile  to the forest  or the death of his father or the disaster that has fallen on Raghu clan.”                                                                         68.8
“Take along with you silk garments and precious ornaments  , give them quickly to the king of Kekaya and depart quickly with Bharatha.”                                                                                                             68.9
Those messengers who were going to the Kekaya  kingdom ,went to their homes ,  collected necessary things for the journey and mounting on excellent horses     went.                                                    68.10   
After that those messengers after doing necessary arrangements , went on their journey after taking permission from Vasishta.                                                                                                                          68.11
Those messengers reached Apartala mountains travelling west  , then they travelled North    towards Pralamba mountains along the banks of   river Malini which flows in between them.                  68.12    
Those messengers  crossed river Ganga near Hasthinapura   and travelled towards   west through the middle of Kurujangala  and reached the country of Panchalas with lakes full of  water and rivers  with crystal clear waters .They travelled with great speed so that their mission could be completed quickly.”   
Then they crossed the  divine Saradanda river    with its calm waters frequented by  various   type  of fowls   and filled with people   and they speedily travelled further.                                                    68.15
Then they worshipped  the divine  sathhyopayachana (wish giving tree)  tree    growing on the banks and after saluting it  entered the city of Kulinga.                                                                                            68.16  
They then reached the city of Abhikala   and then crossed Ikshumathi river flowing from Bodhibhavana mountains  which were once ruled  by the father and ancestors of Dasaratha.                                68.17 
There having seen Brahmins who were drinking water from their own cupped hands  and who were well versed in Vedas , they travelled through the middle of Bhalika country  and went to the mountain called Sudama.                                                                                                                                                            68.18   
After seeing Vishnu’s feet, Vipasa river, Salmali tree , rivers , deep wells with steps , lakes , ponds ,large tanks , different type of lions, tigers   and elephants  , they undertook a very long journey to fulfill the commands of their master.                                                                                                                68.19-68.20 
After a prolonged journey on their tired horses , those  messengers  swiftly went towards and reached the great city of Girivraja.                                                                                                                               68.21
To please their lord  and for protecting the clan of Ikshuvaku and  for the sake of upholding the greatness  of the clan of their master , without any negligence and with great speed   they reached the town that night.                                                                                                                                               68.22                                                                                                                                                 

 This is the end of the sixty eighth     chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

69.Bharatha sees a dream of ill  omen

(On the night before    the messengers reached his place , Bharatha saw   a dream of ill omen and was sure some death would take place in his family . So he was out of mood.) 

On that night when the messengers  entered the city , on that same day Bharatha    saw a very distressing  dream.                                                                                                                                                69.1
Seeing a bad dream at dawn when the night   had ended , the son of the king of kings was  exceedingly troubled.                                                                                                                                                                  69.2
Having seen that he was suffering, friends  of his age told pleasing words  in that assembly so that his troubles would be removed.                                                                                                                                69.3
To bring peace to him , some people played musical instruments, some of them danced , some enacted dramatic scenes and some others told jokes.                                                                                                   69.4
That great soul Bharatha , could not be delighted by his friends as well as   those who were telling pleasing words  or by conversation and jokes.                                                                                                 69.5
One close friend addressing Bharatha  , who was surrounded by friends asked   “Oh friend, why are you not pleased in the company of your friends?”                                                                                                  69.6
Bharatha replied to him who told like this, “Please listen to the reason why grief has overtaken me.”69.7
“In my dream I saw my father who was dirty and with disheveled hair , who has fallen from the peak of the mountain  in the dirty water with cow dung.”                                                                                            69.8
“I saw him floating in a  cow dung pond , drinking oil with his cupped hands   and laughing again and again.”                                                                                                                                                                       69.9
“I saw him eating rice with sesame seeds again and again with a bent head, with oil applied all over his body and entering the oil pool.”                                                                                                                        69.10
“In that dream I saw a dry sea, a moon fallen down to the ground , an earth covered  by darkness, the tusk of an elephant fit to be ridden by a king broken down to pieces , a burning fire which was suddenly  put off , the earth being split open, various trees getting dried up  and mountains becoming split open and covered    with smoke.”                                                                                                                   69.11-69.13
“I saw my father wearing black cloths and sitting on a seat made of iron  and his being mocked at by women who were   having black brownish complexion.”                                                                           69.14
“I saw that  soul of Dharma   hurrying in a chariot  drawn by donkeys , wearing garland of blood red  colour  and travelling to the southern direction.”                                                                                         69.15
“Then finally I saw   a Rakshasi wearing red cloths  with an ugly appearance   mocking at him   and  dragging him  away.”                                                                                                                                          69.16
“Like this I  saw a horrible dream last night indicating that either me  or the king or Lakshmana   would die.”                                                                                                                                                                       69.17
“In the dream , if you see a man being dragged   by donkeys in a carriage, then shortly , you would see him on the funeral pyre  from which smoke would be rising up.”                                                          69.18
“because of this I am depressed and could not react to your activities .I feel that my throat  is getting dried up and my mind is uneasy.”                                                                                                                   69.19
“I do not see any source of fear but I am only experiencing  only fear. My voice  has broken down and my appearance has become haggard  and I am not able to understand why I am hating myself.” 69.20
“Having seen , in this greatly distressing dream , many  forms which I have never seen before  a great fear has occupied my heart  and thinking about the great king , fear does not go away from my heart.”

This is the end of the sixty ninth    chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

70. Bharatha lakes leave from grand father  and uncle and starts.

(The messengers did not inform Bharatha of the real facts. After   giving present to his grand father and uncle and  getting several return gifts  , Bharatha  started on his  return jouney.)

When Bharatha was narrating about his dreams, Those messengers  with very tired steeds , reached the lovely city of Rajagriha which was surrounded by a moat which was very difficult to cross. They met the king of Kekaya and his son Yudhajit   and they touched their feet and were honoured in return  and then addressing Bharatha    they told.                                                                                                          70.1-70.2
“Your family priest  as well as all the ministers enquired about your welfare .They requested you to return in haste    as  you have matter to attend to , which is difficult .                                                  70.3
“Oh broad eyed Bharatha , please take these very expensive dresses and precious ornaments . These may be accepted by you and be given to   your maternal uncle .                                                           70.4
“Oh son of the king out of these twenty crores are intended for the king and the complete ten crores is to be given to your maternal uncle.”                                                                                                            70.5
Bharatha who is affectionate towards his friends , received them  and in return honoured those messengers , enquired about their needs and asked them.                                                                   70.6
“Is my father doing well and are my brothers Rama and Lakshmana   doing all right and in good health.”
“I hope venerable Kausalya the mother  of Rama , devoted to Dharma , an expert on Dharma , one  who follows Dharma  and who is sagacious is free of all sickness.”                                                               70.8
“I hope Sumithra the mother of Lakshmana the brother of  valorous Shatrugna   and who is an expert in Dharma  observes all rituals and is keeping good health.”                                                                     70.9
“Is my mother Kaikeyi  who loves me  , who is adamant, short  tempered  and who is proud  of her intelligence , free of all illness and what  did she  say?”                                                                       70.10
When the great soul Bharatha uttered these words , the messengers addressed Bharatha respectfully and told.                                                                                                                                                          70.11
“Oh tiger among men Bharatha, All those whose welfare you have enquired are keeping on all right . The Goddess of wealth and prosperity is awaiting you there. Let the chariot  be yoked.”                     70.12
After being replied to like this by the messengers, he told the messengers, “ I would  take leave from the king of Kekaya  and inform him that you are  hastening me up.”                                                        70.13
That son of the king Bharatha    after telling like to this to those messengers , addressed his maternal grandfather and said.                                                                                                                                   70.14
“Oh king, as urged by these messengers , I shall go to the proximity of my father  and whenever you remember me, I shall come instantly.”                                                                                                      70.15
Thus urged by him , the king of Kekaya who was the maternal grandfather  of Bharatha, kissed him on his forehead , smelt him on his head and spoke these auspicious words.                                          70.16
“Oh child, I permit you to go. You are the very dear son of Kaikeyi  and so inform her about my welfare , and also with your father , oh slayer of enemies.”                                                                                  70.17
“ Oh child, Please enquire about welfare from the chief priest as well as other great Brahmins  and also  from the great archers Rama and Lakshmana who are   your brothers.”                                           70.18
The king after bestowing honours to Bharatha presented him with , well bred elephants. Blankets with different type of designs , antelope skins and riches.”                                                                           70.19
The king of Kekaya after honouring the son of Kaikeyi  gave him two thousand gold coins  and sixteen hundred  horses    as wealth.                                                                                                                      70.20
Similarly Aswapathi who is his maternal uncle gave Bharatha  several estimable,  trustworthy and virtuous ministers to accompany him on his return  journey.                                                             70.21
His maternal uncle also gave him several great  elephants  born in Iravatha and Indrasira,  mountains  and several pretty looking , swift moving  and well trained donkeys which can be yoked easily  and he also gave riches.                                                                                                                                           70.22
He also gave him well raised  dogs of huge size , whose fangs are their weapons and which had great courage to guard his private apartments.                                                                                                70.23
The son of Kaikeyi , Bharatha who was in a great hurry to depart  was not delighted by the wealthy presents  given by king of Kekaya.                                                                                                            70.24
His heart was full of  extremely great worries  due to the haste shown by the messengers as well  as the dream that he saw earlier.                                                                                                                             70.25
After he left his residence , he passed through the incomparable royal high way  crowded by  men, elephants and horses.                                                                                                                                  70.26
Then the very charitable Bharatha left the royal high way , saw the private apartments  of the king far away  and entered that apartment without any restriction.                                                                70.27
Then after taking leave of his maternal grandfather and Yudhahjit who was his uncle ,    along with Shatrugna, he  got in to the chariot.                                                                                                                  70.28
Several hundred of chariots with round wheels joined him  and camels , oxen and horses   also followed him.                                                                                                                                                              70.29
Strongly protected that great Bharatha , who was not having any enemies  along with Shatrugna   and several ministers who were similar to him  left the house of his grandfather which was like a Siddha leaving the court of Indra.                                                                                                                        70.30
This is the end of the seventieth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

71.Bharatha reaches Ayodhya and is upset by its looks

(Bharatha   travelled  for  six days and reached  Ayodhya. The city was    full of sorrow and no sign of   happiness is seen anywhere .Greatly upset   Bharatha  drives towards his house, suspecting some thing is seriously amiss.)

The glorious and auspicious  prince of the Ikshuvaku clan Bharatha started from Rajagriha , travelled  eastward  and having crossed the rived Sudhama  observing its course. Then he   crossed Hladhaneeya river and then crossed the very wide Sathadru river which was flowing in the western directions.
The ever truthful , pure  and blessed Bharatha at Aiyladhana crossed    the river Shatdru river  and reached  Aparaparpatana  region  and then crossed the stone attracting Shilavaha   river  and then crossed Agneya and Salyakarsha regions  and passed beyond the   mountains  and started travelling towards the Chaithraratha forest.                                                                                                71.3-71.4
After reaching the confluence of Ganga    and Saraswathi rivers , they went to veeramatsya region and from there entered the Bharunda   forest.                                                                                          71.5
Then they crossed the swift flowing  Kulinga river  which was pleasing to the mind and bound by hills  and reached the Yamuna river, where the army  took rest for the night.                                     71.6
After cooling their body and after refreshing the tired horses , they bathed in the river and set out taking them stored water for their journey.                                                                                                   71.7
Then that son of the king passed through safely the uninhabited great forest in their chariot like a wind passing through the sky.                                                                                                                       71.8
Bharatha the son of Raghu clan knowing that   the wide Bhagirathi cannot be crossed  in a place called Anshudhna,  quickly reached    a town known as Pragvata.                                                     71.9
After crossing river Ganga in the city of Pragvata , they reached the Kutikoshti river and crossed it along with his army   and reached   a village called Dharmavardhana.                                               71.10
The son of Dasaratha after   crossing  Thorana village , travelled towards  south  reached Jambuprastha village  and reached the pleasant Varutha village .                                                                          71.11
There after taking rest in the  charming forest   they travelled  eastwards  and reached Ujjihana garden  which had lots of Priyaka  trees.                                                                                                         71.12
After reaching the Sala   and Priyaka trees , Bharatha asked his people to yoke fresh and speedy horses to his chariot , ordering his army to follow   him.”                                                                          71.13
That  tiger among men after    taking rest in a place called Sarva thirtha  Crosssed Uthanika and several such rivers  and crossed the mountain on a  horse  and crossed the Kuthika river   riding  on an elephant  and crossed the river Kapivathi   near Lauhithya.                                                                   71.14-71.15
After crossing Sthanumathi river in Yekasala, he crossed  the Gomathi river  at Vinatha village  and as his horses were extremely tired  he took rest in Sala forest near the Kalinga Nagara.                     71.16
At night after crossing the forest at dawn , he could see the city  built by  Manu.                      71.17
Having spent seven nights on the way that tiger among men   saw the town of Ayodhya   , he told his charioteer .                                                                                                                                              71.18
“Oh Charioteer , I am not able to see   Ayodhya, the famous  city of gardens from here. At a distance I am able to see  Ayodhya made of white clay  filled in plenty  with Brahmins  who are virtuous and   learned in Vedas  and ruled by royal   sages.”                                                                       71.19-71.20
“In earlier times I would hear the tumultuous sound created by men and women    and now I am not able to hear that.”                                                                                                                                       71.21
“In the evening the gardens used to be crowded  with people  who play with great desire but I do not see  any such shine  in the early morning.”                                                                                             71.22
“Oh charioteer , With passionate people seen to avoid the gardens, the city appears to me as a forest devoid of people .”                                                                                                                                      71.23
“I am not seeing  chiefs of men ,  who have ascended the elephant or a horse , coming out of or entering the city  .”                                                                                                                                                     71.24
“Earlier the gardens used to be full with the  sweet songs of birds and people used to engage in love play with women of great character there.”                                                                                                  71.25
“I am seeing all those gardens devoid  of happiness  and the dried up leaves have covered all paths making it appear as if the garden is crying.”                                                                                        71.26
“I am also not able to hear the exuberant melodious songs of birds , which are freely moving about    on the reeds.”                                                                                                                                                71.27
“Why does not    the wind blowing out of the city   not carrying the sweet incense   of sandal and Agaru , that use to fill our nostrils?”                                                                                                                  71.28
“Why is that the sweet sound of Drum ,  Mrudanga and Veena and various other musical instruments  are not heard from the city  and why is the city with melancholy?”                                            71.29
“Oh charioteer , I am  seeing many sins and many undesirable sights in the city and the ill fated omens seen there are filling my mind with remorse. It does not seem true that all my relations are living   with welfare  and so  my mind is filled with grief.”                                                                                 71.30-71.31
Bharatha who had a peace less mind filled with fear and with a depressed heart   entered the city ruled by Ikshuvakus.                                                                                                                                           71.32
Riding on a very tired horses , he entered the city through the gate called Vaijayantha. The gate keepers stood up, wished him victory and accompanied him.                                                                       71.33
Bharatha whose disturbed mind was travelling in several directions greeted  the gate keepers and addressed the exhausted charioteers who were master  of the horses.                                       71.34
“Oh faultless one, why have I been  brought  back here ,  in a hurry  without any  reason? I have lost my usual mind , suspecting   many  evil happenings   here.”                                                                 71.35    
“Oh charioteer,  in earlier occasions we used to hear of several signs of the death of the king and I am now  able to see  all those signs here.”                                                                                               71.36 
“I see the homes householders   as not being swept  and repulsive to look at. There is no auspicious look to all those homes and their doors have not been closed. No fire sacrifices  seem to have been done in them  and there is no smoke of incense coming  out from there. The people look like they have not taken food  and they do not  look bright or auspiciousness. Altogether  I see all the homes lack an auspicious look.”                                                                                                                            71.37-71.39
“The temples are bereft of  the  splendour  of garlands  and the floors and courtyards are  not smeared  and they look  deserted and devoid of splendour.”                                                                            71.40
“The offerings to the deities seem to have been thrown away  and there are no groups performing sacrifices  and in the markets   of garlands , no saleable   garlands seem to be there.”              71.41
“I am not able see even traders like earlier as them seem to be restrained by losses  and with dispirited   by a worried heart.”                                                                                                                                  71.42
“The multitude birds frequenting the temples  seem to be dispirited in the city. Both men and women in the city wear dirty cloths  and their throats seems to be choked  and eyes filled with tears, They seem to be engaged  in distressing thoughts  and seem to emaciated.”                 71.43-71.44
Bharatha after having told the charioteer all this with a depressed  mind , after seeing undesirable sights in  Ayodhya , proceeded   to the palace  of the king.                                                                         71.45
He became greatly drowned in sorrow  seeing the highways, crossroads  and houses deserted  and with iron nuts , nails and bars  and locks  covered with dust , the city which once looked like the  city of Indra .
Seeing many things which are not desirable , which he had never seen before, with head bowed down and with depressed sorrowing mind  , he entered the palace of Kaikeyi .                               71.47

This is the end of the seventy first   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

72.Kaikeyi informs about death of a king and banishment of Rama

(Kaikeyi receives her child Bharatha    with happiness and when he persistently questions her , she informs him about the death of Dasaratha. Later she admits that   she was instrumental in Rama  getting banished  and requests Bharatha   to take over Ayodhya.)

Not able to see his father   in his father’s home , Bharatha went to his mother’s home to see his mother.
Kaikeyi seeing her son, who was    absent for a very long time , sprang  up     from her golden seat,   to see  him.                                                                                                                                                                  72.2
As soon as  Bharatha  the follower of Dharma entered his house  , he found it devoid of auspiciousness  and he clasped  in reverence the feet of his mother immediately.                                                              72.3
After smelling the forehead of the famous son , she hugged him and made him sit on her lap  and started talking to him.                                                                                                                                           72.4
“How many nights have elapsed after you left your grandfather’s  home? Are you not tired due to the swift   travel in the chariot?”                                                                                                                                72.5
“Does your grandfather keep good health? What about Yudhajit your maternal uncle ?Did you have a pleasant time there ?Please tell me everything.”                                                                                             72.6
When Kaikeyi  asked like this to the son of the king, that lotus eyed one   told about everything  to his mother.                                                                                                                                                                     72.7
“This is the seventh night after I started on my journey. My  mother’s father and my maternal uncle are keeping good health?”                                                                                                                                          72.8
“The wealth and other precious articles given by  the destroyer of enemies , the king of Kekaya     are on their way . Since they were exhausted , I came  first leaving them to follow me.”                                   72.9
“Having been hastened by the messengers who brought the orders of the king , I came speedily. Mother I would like to ask you some things , please reply.”                                                                                      72.10
“Your couch decorated    by gold seems to be empty  and I feel that the people of Ikshuvaku clan  do not seem o be happy with me.”                                                                                                                                72.11
“Normally the king always stays in my mother’s home. I do not see him here and I have a desire to see him.”                                                                                                                                                                        72.12
“Oh mother I want to clasp his feet and so please answer my question. You may tell me whether   by chance he is senior queen Kausalya ’s home.”                                                                                               72.13
Kaikeyi replied to Bharatha who was not knowing what transpired  in such a way    , that   the undesirable  news , looked desirable.                                                                                                             72.14
“Your  great , lustrous father , who was the one who did many yagnas , has  attained that  place which is attained by all souls.”                                                                                                                                         72.15
Bharatha who was born in a family of people following Dharma, as soon as he heard this,  was shattered   with the sorrow due to the news of  father’s death , at once fell down on the ground.                        72.16
“Oh I am finished”  uttering these pitiable words deserving compassion , he lifted his hand above his head   and fell down.                                                                                                                                           72.17
That  greatly lustrous one  overwhelmed by the great sorrow on hearing the news of his father’s death , with mind affected by delusion lamented.                                                                                                      72.18
“My father earlier used to  lie down on this couch and used to shine like the  moon  on a spotless sky at the end of rainy season.”                                                                                                                                   72.19
“This couch does not shine today  as  he is not present on it like the sky without moon and the ocean without water.”                                                                                                                                                   72.20
Bharatha who was the greatest among those who succeed  who cleared his tear choked throat , becoming extremely sad , covered his face with a holy cloth  and cried.                                                  72.21
He who was like a deva , affected by the great sorrow  fell on the earth, like a Sala tree which was uprooted by an axe in the forest. Kaikeyi seeing him  who is like the sun and moon, behaving like  mad elephant  lifted him from the earth and spoke to him as follows.                                                   72.22-72.23
“Oh very famous prince , do not lie down and get up.  People with great knowledge like you . who are  honoured  in any group should    not become sad like this.”                                                                       72.24
“Oh  Bharatha,  who is blessed with intelligence who follows conduct according to Dharma as  prescribed in Sasthras  and who is entitled to do sacrifices , your wisdom  will shine   like the light of Sun.”                                                                                                                                                                       72.25
After weeping for a long time , he rolled on earth and after suffering   great sorrow  , he replied to his mother  like  this.                                                                                                                                                 72.26
“I started   on this journey thinking that the  king was about   to  crown Rama   or   he was   about to conduct a great sacrifice.”                                                                                                                                   72.27
“But everything that has happened  is different  and it has shattered my mind  for I cannot  see my father who looked after my welfare and happiness.”                                                                                   72.28
“Oh mother , due to which sickness did the king die before my  coming .  Rama and others who could perform his last rites    are indeed very fortunate .”                                                                                      72.29
“Surely  the very famous king does  not  know  about my arrival  or he  would have , immediately come ,  bent and smelt   my forehead.”                                                                                                                       72.30
“Where is the soft endearing touch of my father who is never tired of performing action, which would wipe away all this  dust?”                                                                                                                                    72.31
“Please inform wise  and tireless  Rama , who is my brother, father, relative  as well as slave , about  my arrival.”                                                                                                                                                                   72.32
“To the one who knows the Dharma of a gentleman,  the elder brother is his father .I will clasp his feet as it is my only support now.”                                                                                                                            72.33
“What did my father who knew Dharma and who practiced Dharma  and who considered  saying truth always  as his penance and who was valorous in truth , say?”                                                                     72.34
“I would like to know and hear his  last words  said about me exactly.”Hearing this Kaikeyi started narrating  the incidents as it happened.                                                                                                          72.35
“The king wailed “Oh Rama. Oh Lakshmana  , Oh Sita”   and that great one attained , the other world which is attained   by   the greatly blessed people.”                                                                                 72.36
“At the time of his death , these were the words  uttered by the king, who was   caught in the noose   of time  like a great elephant .”                                                                                                                         72.37
“Those people are blessed  and would see that their desire is fulfilled  if  they  can  see Rama, the valorous Lakshmana as well as Sita come back.”                                                                                    72.38
Hearing these words which indicated a second unpleasant  news, Bharatha was greatly distressed  and with a downcast  appearance asked  her again.                                                                                      72.39
“Where has  the soul of Dharma and the one who gives happiness   to Kausalya  along with his brother Lakshmana and Sita have   gone at this time?”                                                                                       72.40
Having been questioned like this,  his mother  started  telling him  the truth  using the  unpalatable great words , thinking that he will like them.                                                                                                     72.41
“Oh son, that son of the king wearing dress made of grass went to the great forest Dandaka accompanied by   Sita and Lakshmana.”                                                                                                   72.42
Bharatha knowing the greatness of his own clan , was upset  and had doubts about such an action against Dharma by Rama    and asked.                                                                                                     72.43
“I  do not believe , Rama unlawfully usurped  the wealth of a Brahmin or did not cause harm an innocent person whether rich or poor.”                                                                                                                  72.44
“I hope he did not covet the wife of someone else or killed an unborn child. For what  crime has he been banished  to go to Dandaka.”                                                                                                                     72.45
And thereafter his  fickle mother  with a normal behaviour of women, started to tell about  her actions in detail.                                                                                                                                                         72.46
That foolish Kaikeyi under the impression that she was wise  spoke the following  joyful words to the great soul Bharatha.                                                                                                                                    72.47
“Rama has not usurped even little of the wealth of a Brahmin, he has not harmed an innocent person who is rich or poor  and  has not seen another man’s wife by his eyes.”                                         72.48
“As for me my son, hearing about the coronation of Rama , I requested the kingdom for you and the banishing  of Rama.”                                                                                                                                   72.49
“Your father followed his own promise  and did just as requested   and sent away  Rama, Lakshmana    along with  Sita.”                                                                                                                                         72.50
“That very  famous , great king , not able to see  his darling son , was drowned in the sorrow due to parting with his son and merged with the five elements.”                                                                 72.51
“Oh follower of Dharma, today itself you can take possession of the kingdom  as all these have been done by me for your sake.”                                                                                                                       72.52
“Oh  little son who depends on Dharma  , leave out this sorrow and the great worry and take courage  and make this country , without any obstacles , under your control .”                                            72.53
“So my son , follow the procedure laid down and in consultation with experts in rituals   like Vasishta and other great Brahmins , perform the death ceremonies of the king  without getting depressed  and get yourself consecrated as the  king of this earth.”                                                                                    72.54

This is the end of the seventy second   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

73. Bharatha  shouts at his mother

(The greatly upset Bharatha   shouts at his mother and telling her that   she is a sinner and destroyed his clan. He tells that he would bring his elder brother back and make  him the king.)

Hearing about the death of his father and banishing of his brothers, Bharatha replied weighed down by great sorrow.                                                                                                                                                         73.1
“What is the use of this kingdom to me who is sorrowing  due to being fallen in misfortune due to the loss of my father and the elder brother who is like my father.”                                                                  73.2
“By reducing   the king to a corpse and Rama in to a sage you have created sorrow within sorrow to me like putting salt  in a wound.”                                                                                                                           73.3
“You have  come here   to destroy my clan like  the night of death and my father did not realize that by taking you, he is  embracing  a  log of fire.”                                                                                                   73.4
“Oh great sinner  , you have brought about the death of my father, Oh disgrace of my clan,  out of your ignorance you have destroyed my family.”                                                                                                   73.5
“My famous and very truthful father by acquiring you , was tortured by intense grief  and has departed from this world.”                                                                                                                                               73.6
“ Why did my father who liked  Dharma was destroyed? Why has Rama banished to the forest and went there?”                                                                                                                                                               73.7
“Mother Kausalya and Sumithra who are sorrowing due to parting with their sons   would find it difficult to survive   in your company though  you  are   my mother.”                                                                 73.8
“My noble brother Rama who is a soul of Dharma , who knew how to conduct himself with elders , moved with you in an incomparable way  just like he behaved with his mother.”                           73.9
“In a similar fashion the  far sighted elder queen Kausalya   adhering to Dharma was treating you like a sister.”                                                                                                                                                           73.10
“Oh sinner , you have made  the pure hearted Rama who is the son of Kausalya  wear the dress of bark and grass  and made  him go to the forest. Do you not feel sad for this?”                                      73.11
“What reasons did you find  to banish  the famous Rama , who has never even thought of a sin,  who is valorous and has full control of his mind , to the forest wearing cloths of bark?”                         73.12
“You being  avaricious , you perhaps do not know  my devotion to Rama  and for the sake of the kingdom , you have brought this great distress on me .”                                                                    73.13
“Without seeing those two tigers among men , Rama  and Lakshmana , With what power would I be able to rule    this  kingdom?”                                                                                                                           73.14
“Daily  the king used to depend  on the very strong Rama for protection of the country like the Meru mountain depends on the forest surrounding  it for protection.”                                                    73.15
“How can I bear and drag this weight  , which could be done  by only great man  as I am like a young bullock which requires training ?”                                                                                                            73.16
“Otherwise by employing various tricks  or by using the strength of my intellect , I might get  sufficient   power to draw the kingdom , but I would not fulfill your ambition as you are  blinded by love towards your son.”                                                                                                                                                      73.17
“I do not feel like renouncing you who has determined to do sin, because Rama used to give you the same attention that he used to give to his mother.”                                                                            73.18
“Oh lady who only sees sin, Oh lady who has lost her virtue and Dharma , how did such a thought grow in your mind , which is insulting to our ancestors?”                                                                              73.19
“In our clan  earlier only the eldest son would be crowned as the king and  his brothers would concentrate their attention in helping him.”                                                                                        73.20
“Oh wretched one, I hope you are seeing the Dharma of a king or you do not know  the permanence of the royal tradition.”                                                                                                                                 73.21
“In the family of kings, the eldest son would always be crowned as  the king  and though it is a general rule for al kings  in the clan of Ikshuvaku this is more important.  “                                                73.22
“They who shine with the character of the clan, have Dharma as their sole protection and this pride of their tradition has been turned back, because you were taken in their clan.”                              73.23
“Even your family had a bevy of distinguished kings  and how come this  delusion of mind originated in you.”                                                                                                                                                             73.24
“Oh lady , who is determined in doing sin, I will not obey the wish of your mind, And you  have  made me greatly distressed  and would bring the end of my life span.”                                                          73.25
“As for now itself I will cause    you great displeasure  by bringing back my brother who is loved by all from the forest.”                                                                                                                                            73.26
“After bringing back Rama  who has a very stable  inner mind and who shines with luster , I shall become his slave.”                                                                                                                                                          73.27
That great person Bharatha after telling like this , which were unpleasant hurting words to her , became greatly affected by sorrow and roared like lion inside the cave.                                                           73.28

This is the end of the seventy third  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

74.Bharatha  further berates Kaikeyi

(Bharatha is not able to tolerate what his mother has done. He tells that   she is not his mother and would only go to hell.)

After  berating his mother like this  , Bharatha overtaken by further great wrath told    her again.       74.1
“Oh cruel lady who does  wicked acts , Oh Kaikeyi , You would lose this kingdom which you desired most  for spurned by Dharma you would keep on crying about me  who is dead.”                                              74.2    
“Because of you Rama Was sent to exile and the king has   died. What harm has the king and  the very virtuous   Rama   have done to you?”                                                                                                                  74.3
“Oh Kaikeyi, By destroying  this clan you have   acquired the sin of  killing an unborn child  and you would go to hell and not live with your husband   in the other world.”                                                                   74.4
“You have sinned greatly by doing the horrible act , by sending the darling of the entire world  to the forest  and I also am afraid of you.”                                                                                                                   74.5
“Due to your action my father is no more and Rama    has gone to the forest  and by this act you have gained notoriety  in this entire  world.”                                                                                                             74.6
“Oh lady who has the form of my mother, Oh my enemy, Oh  cruel lady  , Oh Lady who wants to posses the kingdom, Oh bad mannered lady , Oh killer  of the husband , I would not speaking to you from now on.”                                                                                                                                                                           74.7
“Kausalya , Sumithra and my other mothers,  are overwhelmed by great sorrow  by you who has  spoiled  my race.”                                                                                                                                                                 74.8
“You are not at all the daughter of the sagacious king Aswapathi   who is the follower of Dharma and you are a demon born to him,  with a purpose  of destroying the clan of your father  , for your have sent Rama who  is always  observer  of truth   to forest  and also sent my father to the other world  due to that great sorrow.                                                                                                                                  74.9-74.10
 “The very great sin that  you did has  separated me from my father  and made me abandoned by all my brothers    and hated by all.”                                                                                                                              74.11
“Oh lady determined to do sin, Oh Lady going to hell, By separating Kausalya   who is a follower of dharma     from her son , it is not known to what world you will go?”                                                      74.12
“Oh cruel one, why are    you not realizing  that  the self possessed Rama , who was born to Kausalya    who is liked by all relatives is my elder brother   and equivalent to my father.”                                     74.13
“A son who is  born out of every limb of the mother as well as her  heart  is the most beloved to any mother  and all other relations are   not that important.”                                                                            74.14
“The Cow Surabhi , an expert in Dharma  and respected  by all  devas , saw her two sons who were pulling the plough  fainting and falling.”                                                                                                           74.15
“Having seen her exhausted sons at mid day  fallen on the ground , she cried due to sorrow due to  her sons  and her eyes   filled   up with tears.”                                                                                                       74.16
“Her fine , and fragrant drops of tears trickled down and fell on the body of  magnanimous king of devas “                                                                                                                                                                               74.17
“He Realized that  the fragrant rain of tears which fell on him , was from the divine      cow Kamadhenu”
‘Searching all places ,  That Indra saw  that the Cow Kamadhenu was standing on the sky  and he realized that it was greatly sorrowful  and wailing due to great distress.”                                                              74.19
“Seeing that she was full of sorrow, that  famous Indra  armed with Vajrayudha , with folded hands  he approached the cow and asked.”                                                                                                                       74.20
“Oh cow who desires the welfare of all, are you worried about some problem  for me from anywhere? What is the reason for your sorrow?  Please tell me.”                                                                                  74.21
“Hearing these words from the sagacious king of devas  That Surabhi  which was courageous and expert in speech replied.”                                                                                                                                             74.22
“I do not foresee any problem for you from anywhere. Oh king of devas. I am only miserable and weeping seeing my sons who are a pair of bulls , who are in trouble. Seeing them very much tired being scorched by the   rays of the sun ,and being beaten by the ploughman,  I am sad.                    74.23-74.24
“When I see them , who were born out of this body, suffering great anguish    by the  weight that they carry , I become sad , because there is no one in this world who is equal to a son. “                           74.25
“Seeing her who has thousands  of sons spread all over the world , weeping due to sorrow of one son, Indra also concluded  that there is nothing greater than the son.”                                                            74.26
“If Kamadhenu  whose only desire is to help all the world , Who has unparalleled  Character, who is endowed with prosperity , who has several great virtues and conduct  and who has thousands of sons   is sad for two of her sons, what can anyone say about Kausalya who has only one son and who has parted with her.?”                                                                                                                                   74.27-74.28
“This good woman has only one son and you have made her childless  and so you would always suffer out of sorrows , even in the other world.”                                                                                                     74.29    
“I will without any doubt , do all that is necessary to   atone  for your improper conduct towards my father and brother and increase my fame.”                                                                                                  74.30
‘I would myself enter the forest frequented by sages to bring back the all powerful Rama , who is the son of Kausalya.”                                                                                                                                                         74.31
“Having seen the throat of citizens choked with tears, Oh Sinner , Oh lady determined to do sin , I cannot endure to carry   this burden of sin committed    by you.”                                                                           74.32  
“You please either enter the fire or go to the Dandaka forest  or tie a rope round your neck and die   as I do not find any other recourse to you.”                                                                                                         74.33
“As soon as I get back this kingdom to Rama  who is valorous in truth, , I would become contented    and would have  got cleansed of my sin.”                                                                                                             74.34
After telling like this Bharatha who resembled an elephant of the forest troubled by goad  and sharp prods fell on the ground  like an angry and hissing serpent.                                                                     74.35
With blood shot eyes , with torn disheveled  dress, with ornaments in disarray , that destroyer of enemies who is the son of the king  fell down on earth, like the flag of Indra   after the festival got over.

This is the end of the seventy fourth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

75.Bharatha meets Kausalya   and proves his innocence

(Bharatha meets Kausalya     who was coming to meet him. Kausalya tells him that he should be happy now because he would become the king. The glorious Bharatha curses , the one who  dvised his mother to send Rama to forest in many ways. Kausalya  understands  his innocence.)

That valorous one got back his senses  after a long time  and seeing his mother who was miserable and with tear filled eyes , started finding fault with her in the midst of the ministers.                                  75.1
“I never desired this kingdom and nor did my mother consult me about it. I was not aware of the plan of a coronation , as I was far away from here  along with my brother Shatrugna.”                            75.2-75.3
“I did not know about Rama living in the forest after his being banished along with Lakshmana    as well as  Sita.”                                                                                                                                                                75.4
“Having recognized the loud    crying  sound of the great Bharatha  , Kausalya told Sumithra.”          75.5
“Bharatha, the son  of the cruel hearted Kaikeyi has come back and I would like to see  Bharatha  who  can see far away in time.”                                                                                                                                   75.6
Having said this  to Sumithra the pallid , tired looking Kausalya  who was sullied , trembling and almost lifeless proceeded to the place  of Bharatha.                                                                                                 75.7
At that time , Bharatha  younger brother of Rama along with Shatrugna started going towards   the palace of Kausalya.                                                                                                                                             75.8
Then Bharatha and Shatrugna seeing the very sad Kausalya  who was  sorrowing, who  has gone down, who has lost her senses , who was weeping  and  who was a very dear  lady  overtaken by sorrow and worries  approached her with sorrow  and embraced her.                                                                       75.9
Exceeding sad Kausalya seeing Bharatha told him, “the kingdom that you desired has become yours without any difficulty  and this was  speedily arranged  by the cruel    act of Kaikeyi.”          75.10-75.11
“I do not understand what  advantage that cruel Kaikeyi got by sending my son to the forest wearing a robe of bark.”                                                                                                                                                   75.12
“It would be but proper for  Kaikeyi to send me speedily  also to that place  where my  son with a stomach of gold and very great fame lives.”                                                                                              75.13
“Or otherwise of my own accord   accompanied by Sumithra   to safeguard me , I would go to the place  where Rama lives along with the sacred fire  of the home.”                                                                    75.14
“It would be more desirable for you to take me to that place where   my son, who is the tiger among men  is performing penance .”                                                                                                                       75.15
“This huge country which is blessed with wealth and grains  and abounding in horses, elephants , and chariots  has been given to you by her.”                                                                                                       75.16
That spotless Bharatha was pierced by many such very cruel words  of reproach  and that Bharatha  was intensely  pained.                                                                                                                                                75.17
Hearing those maddening words , he fell at her feet , crying   and losing his senses  and on regaining his senses , he stood up  motionless.                                                                                                                   75.18
Bharatha saluted her who was wailing like this due to very great sorrow ,  with great reverence and told her .                                                                                                                                                                       75.19
“Oh lady, why are you finding fault with me who is bereft of any guilt .Do you not know the very great affection that  I have towards   Rama.”                                                                                                           75.20
“That one who advised   that my brother who is virtuous and ever wedded to truth  , should be sent to the forest does  not  know the shastras.”                                                                                                     75.21
“Let that sinful person who advised that  my brother should  be sent to forest , be made to work under a sinner and get   the sin of urinating facing the sun and kicking a cow    that is lying down.”                75.22
“Let   that man who   advised that  my brother should be sent to forest  acquire the sin of a person who made    another one work hard without rest and without remuneration.”                                              75.23
“Let that man who advised that my brother  should be sent to the forest , get the sin of that person who does not fight courageously in a battle field , with ample army, elephants, horses  and chariots.”    75.24
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin like the king who after collecting  one sixth of their income   from people does not care  to protect them.”                   75.25
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin like the king who after promising monetary fee to conduct a  Yagna to  the ascetics , later denies it.”                              75.26
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin like the person who goes to the battle in which abundant  elephants, horses and chariots  are provided   as also a great collection of weapons  are provided does not  discharge his Dharma by fighting well.”                        75.27
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin like the evil hearted one  who  destroys the subtle meaning of scriptures taught by a learned Guru.”                   75.28
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  be like me  be unfortunate in not being to see  the long armed broad shouldered resembling the moon and sun in luster  sitting on the  throne.”                                                                                                                                                                  75.29
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin who eats  sweet milk rice, sesame rice and goats flesh without offering it first to Gods  and disrespects his teachers.”
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin like the person who kicks the cows with his feet , abuses the elders and causes offence to his friends.”                     75.31
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin like the wicked person who passed on the secret told to him with trust    to others.”                                                     75.32
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , be hated by the world,  like the one who never helps , who is ungrateful   and is a shameless one who takes his own life.”        75.33
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of the person who though surrounded by  wife, children and servants  , eats all alone without  giving it to them.” 75.34
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , die  without getting a worthy wife , without getting offspring and without performing  religious deeds.”                               75.35
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , lead a life full of misery without begetting  wife and children  and does not live full span of life.”                                               75.36
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin  as told in scriptures for  murdering the king, children , old people  and deserting all his servants   and dependants.”                                                                                                                                                       75.37
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin got by a person who looks after his dependants  by trading in lac, wine , meat , metal  and in poison.”                      75.38
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin , like a warrior , who runs away  when   war is in full swing fearing    for his life.”                                                             75.39
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , wander like a man wearing rags and begs alms with a human skull in his hand  and wander on this earth.”                                  75.40
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , be always addicted to wine , women and gambling  and be full of anger and passion.”                                                                         75.41
“Let  not  the mind of that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  ,be not attached to Dharma  and  practice   charity to  the unworthy .”                                                      75.42
“Let the accumulated wealth   of that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  ,be snatched   away in thousand ways.”                                                                                                      75.43
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin fixed for sleeping at dawn   or dusk.”                                                                                                                                          75.44
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of one who betrays a friend and   violates the sanctity of the bed of Guru.”                                                            75.45
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of a person  who does not service to manes  and his  father and mother.”                                                                        75.46
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , should be   removed  from the men following Dharma , from their fame and the  deeds  practiced by them.”                            75.47
“Let that man   who advised that my brother who is long armed and broad chested    should be expelled , has committed the sin of leaving out looking after his mother  for no reason at all.”                      75.48
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  and who has many sons become very poor , suffer from fever and disease  and be always  miserable.”                                  75.49
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of destroying the hopes of  pitiable beggars looking up to get some alms from them.”                                                    75.50
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of that person  who is abusive , miserly , impure , go against dharma and always afraid of the king due to practicing deceit to entertain their life.”                                                                                                                          75.51
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of that wicked person  who neglects his virtuous   and chaste wife who has observed  the menstrual period so that she is ready for conception  and has taken the ritual bath after her periods.”                                           75.52
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin who neglects dharma and leaves  the properly wedded   wife  and makes love to another man’s wife.”          75.53
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of that Brahmin who lacks    children .”                                                                                                                                    75.54
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of the person who pollutes drinking water source  and administering poison to others.”                                          75.55
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of a person with disturbed mind who  disturbs the worship   being done  a Brahmin  and milks the cow having a young calf.”                                                                                                                                                                   75.56
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of the person who has stock of water but does not give it to one  who is thirsty.”                                                     75.57
“Let that man   who advised that my brother   should be sent to the forest  , get the sin of a person who while  judging religious   disputes   takes a biased view from only one side.”                                     75.58
That son of the king trying to console Kausalya who has lost the company of her husband and son, became very sad   and fell down at her feet.                                                                                           75.59
Kausalya told these words to Bharatha who was suffering to swearing on various oaths  and who was lying down   due to the  very great grief .                                                                                                75.60
“Oh son, seeing your   increased sorrow  due to  various  oaths , my suffering increases and I felt as if you are choking my breath.”                                                                                                                              75.61
“Oh my dear child, your mind has not moved away from Dharma .Being truthful, along with Lakshmana you will attain the world of virtuous people.”                                                                                        75.62
After   saying this , Kausalya drew that  lover of his brother, made him sit on her lap  and embraced that mighty one    and cried.                                                                                                                               75.63
That great Bharatha who was lamenting due to great  sorrow , became besieged by great grief   and swooned and became  unsteady.                                                                                                            75.64
Greatly lamenting he lost  his conscience  and having lost his power of thought , he fell down  on the   ground. He passed that entire night taking deep , warm and tortuous  breath .                           75.65

This is the end of the seventy fifth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

76.Bharatha does funeral  rites of the king

(Sage Vasishta   instructs  Bharatha to do the funeral rituals , Bharatha does it according to shastras. The queens of Dasaratha go round his funeral pyre.)

The very eloquent sage  Vasishta  who has great power of speech addressed Bharatha, the son of Kaikeyi  who was completely   consumed  by grief.                                                                                                      76.1
“Oh very famous prince , be safe .Please stop this sorrow. The best time has come to conduct funeral rites of your father earnestly .”                                                                                                                         76.2
Hearing the words of Vasishta Bharatha became steady  and that expert in  Dharma  performed all the rituals related  to the corpse.                                                                                                                        76.3
The body of the king was taken out of the oil container and kept on the ground sand the king Dasaratha with his pale ashen face appeared to be sleeping on the earth. Thereafter his body  was laid on a magnificent couch adorned    with many gems and seeing him like this  his son Bharatha lamented greatly.                                                                                                                                                         76.4-76.5
“Oh King who knew his Dharma , What did you want to do by banishing  Rama and Lakshmana  before   I came back from the place where I have gone to?”                                                                                          76.6
“Oh king, Why did you make Rama , the performer of pious deeds and a tiger among  men leave me    for   bewailing   about you?”                                                                                                                                 76.7
“Oh king, when you are away in heaven and Rama has gone   to the forest   who will look after   the well being of this city?”                                                                                                                                                 76.8
“Oh king , without you, the earth has become a widow and city looks more like a sky which  has no moon.”                                                                                                                                                                      76.9
Seeing Bharatha    who was   wailing like this with a sorrowful mind , the great sage Vasishta   told the following words.                                                                                                                                                    76.10
“Oh great one, now the funeral rites of the great king needs to be done    without any hesitation and with great attention.”                                                                                                                                          76.11
Hearing the words of  the very worshipful Vasishta Bharatha said “So be it”, and speeded up family priests, Vedic Scholars  and  other Gurus to do the activities related to  the death rites.                     76.12
The fire maintained by the king  in his fire sanctuary were put outside in accordance with the principles of rituals and were withdrawn by priests well versed in Vedas.                                                               76.13
After that the attendants with throats choked by tears  and with a very dejected mind bore away the  dead  king on the hearse.                                                                                                                                 76.14
The people went through the way ahead of the king   spreading cloths of gold and other  colours .76.15
Logs of Sandal  and  Agaru trees, guma of Guggul and   Balsa trees , wood from Sarala , pAdmaka and Devadaru trees and many other fragrant substances    were brought by the people  and were strewn to make a funeral pyre  and thereafter the priests placed the body of the king on the centre  of the pyre.
The priests of the king offered oblations to his fire  and chanted prayers. The priests  who were experts in reciting  of Sama Veda sang it according to sacred   scriptures.                                                          76.18
The queens of the king , accompanied by aged attendants according their ranks departed  in Palanquins as well as vehicles  to that place .                                                                                                                   76.19
Then the priests as well as the women  consumed with sorrow  and lead  by Kausalya  went round the burning  funeral pyre in the clockwise direction.                                                                                         76.20
 At that time piteous and sorrowful Wailings of the women going round the pyre was being heard  and sound as if Krouncha birds were making noise.                                                                                             76.21   
Then those  great women weeping and  again and again lamenting uncontrollably    alighted from their respective carriages on  the banks of  river Sarayu.                                                                                      76.22                                                                                                                                                                    
After offering water oblations , the wives of the king , priests and ministers along with Bharatha entered the city with tear  stained eyes  and spent the ten days of mourning  lying on the floor .                     76.23

This is the end of the seventy sixth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

77.Bharatha  performs death rituals  of the king.

(Bharatha then does all the death rituals and takes  purificatory bath     on the  13th day. When he was sorrowing Vasishta consoled him  by pointing out the inevitability of death.)

After ten days were over, the son of the king purified himself  and on the twelfth  day started doing  Sradha(The ritual for manes) .                                                                                                                              77.1
He gave to Brahmins  gems, wealth, food , various types of  costly garments  and  very many types of precious articles.                                                                                                                                                    77.2
That son while performing the ritual to the king pertaining to other worlds  , gave Brahmins, very many  white goats , hundreds of cows , male and female servants as well as houses.                                        77.3
On the thirteenth day morning  after reaching  the place of rituals for performing the purificatory ceremony  , the very strong Bharatha cried and swooned due to sorrow  and in a sad voice  coming from a lumped throat lamented the death of his father standing at the foot of the funeral pyre  and spoke these  words of sorrow.                                                                                                                             77.4-77.5
“Oh father , Rama to whom you have entrusted  to take care of me , has been sent to the forest by you and I have been left in this void.”                                                                                                                     77.6
“Oh king where have you gone making my mother Kausalya as an orphan , having sent her son who is her only support to the   forest.”                                                                                                                       77.7
Seeing the circular place where his father ‘s bones were burnt  being in red colour and also coated  with ash, he cried loudly  in great sorrow.                                                                                                               77.8
He who was desolate  seeing it cried and fell down on the floor  , like the flag of Indra when it was being raised.                                                                                                                                                                    77.9
After that all his ministers approached   him who was  observing purificatory penance like the saints approached king Yayathi when he fell down.                                                                                               77.10
Seeing Bharatha Shatrugna also was drowned in sorrow  and remembering about the king fell senseless  on the ground.                                                                                                                                                    77.11
Becoming mad in sorrow he wailed in grief  , thinking about the various good characters  of his father   again and again.                                                                                                                                                 77.12
“Kaikeyi is   a horrible crocodile originating from the Mandara  mountain living in this sea of sorrow , who is incapable of being agitated and drowned  my father  in the form of boons.”                          77.13
“Where have you gone father , having left  this wailing   boy Bharatha  who is always soft natured?”
“You used to make us choose out of food, drinks , cloths and ornaments  and give them to us? Who will do it now?’”                                                                                                                                                      77.15   
“You were a great king of Dharma who was greatly magnanimous. Without your presence , this earth should have broken in to pieces  but it is not breaking.”                                                                        77.16 
“My father has gone to heaven and my brother has gone to forest and for what purpose am I living now. I shall enter the  fire  and die.”                                                                                                                     77.17
“ I will not enter the city of Ayodhya  which was ruled by the Ikshuvaku clan   as it does not now have   my father and brother  and  I would enter the forest for penance.”                                         77.18
Having heard the wailings of both of them  and thinking about the calamity that has befallen on them , their attendants became more sad.                                                                                                             77.19
Those two brothers Bharatha and Shatrugna who were  both dejected  and Exhausted  lay writhing on the floor like  a bull whose horn is broken.                                                                                                77.20
Then  the priest of their father who knew how to cure  the nature’s ills  raised up Bharatha   and spoke to him as  follows.                                                                                                                                           77.21
“Oh lord, This is the thirteenth day after   the death of your  father and his heap of bones and ashes still remain here. Why this delay  in your part?”                                                                                             77.22
“Without exception three dualities are applicable to all human beings viz.- hunger and thirst, pain and pleasure and birth and death. Since these can never be avoided , it is not proper for you to sorrow like this.”                                                                                                                                                                 77.23
Sumanthra the  philosopher  raised up  Shatrugna , talked him about inevitability of birth and death and consoled him.                                                                                                                                                 77.24
Those two tigers among men who were famous got up  and were shining like the flag of Indra which got faded due to exposure to sun and rain.                                                                                                     77.25
The ministers and others hastened  the sons  who were wiping away their reddened  eyes  and who were speaking in a depressed way , to complete the funeral rites quickly.                                        77.26

This is the end of the seventy seventh chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

78.Shatrugna  tortures Mandhara , the hunchback

(When Shatrugna was sorrowing, the guards caught hold of Mandhara and told about her role to Shatrugna. Shatrugna became greatly furious and tortured her. Bharatha intervened   and asked him   to leave  her as Rama would not like torturing of women.)

Addressing  The extremely sorrowing Bharatha who was starting on a journey, Shathrugna  told.        78.1
“Rama is  the source of protection of all beings  and so what is the need  for this sorrowing by us. That great Rama endowed with great strength  has been sent to forest by a woman. “                                    78.2
“Why did not the very strong and valorous  Lakshmana restraint our father and why did not  he  release  Rama from this?”                                                                                                                                                  78.3
“The king could have earlier itself restrained , after careful consideration , of that person who climbed up and influenced    the lady of the king.”                                                                                                        78.4
While Shatrugna the brother  of Lakshmana was speaking thus , the hunchback  was seen at the eastern entrance of the town wearing all types  of instruments.                                                                               78.5
She was wearing royal dress and had applied sandal paste on herself  and had adorned  herself with various types  of several ornaments.                                                                                                                 78.6
She was wearing  waist belts of different colours  and very many types of ornaments  and tied them with coloured strings and looked  like a monkey.                                                                                                     78.7
The gate keepers seeing her as the  sinner who is  the main cause of all the problems mercilessly caught hold of her  and informed Shatrugna.                                                                                                                78.8
“Here is the sinner and evil women  on whose account  Rama is in the forest and your father left his body. Do with her as it pleases you.”                                                                                                                 78.9
Shatrugna who was extremely sad as well as disciplined , having heard those words addressing all those who are moving to the private apartment  of the king told.                                                                       78.10
“Let her who brought great sorrow to my brother and father , reap the result of the malicious action done by her.”                                                                                                                                                         78.11
Saying this he  forcibly caught hold of her who was surrounded by her friends  and the house resounded with the cries of that hunchback.                                                                                                                       78.12
Seeing him extremely pained and greatly angry all her friends    ran away in different directions.      78.13
Those companions were talking with each other, “Seeing the way that he  has started , it looks like that he would kill all of us.”                                                                                                                                        78.14
“The compassionate , generous  and follower of Dharma , the queen Kausalya  is  our only refuge and let us seek it from her.”                                                                                                                                            78.15
Shatrugna  who was the one who gave pain to his enemies with reddened eyes due to great   anger , dragged that shrieking hunchback on the   ground.                                                                                      78.16
When Mandhara was being dragged like this, the collection of different ornaments that she wore  broke down and were scattered  on the ground.                                                                                                      78.17
With several of her ornaments being strewn on the floor , the home of the king looked like the sky with its scattered stars.                                                                                                                                               78.18
The best of men who was powerful , with very great anger dragged her near Kaikeyi and spoke these  insulting words to her.                                                                                                                                        78.19
Kaikeyi being upset by those  harsh insulting words of Shatrugna became sad  and sought the protection of her son Bharatha.                                                                                                                                           78.20
Bharatha addressing the greatly enraged Shatrugna said, “Please pardon her as the female among human beings should not be killed.”                                                                                                                78.21
“If Rama who follows Dharma were not to get angry with me for killing this wicked and sinful  lady , I myself would have killed this Kaikeyi.”                                                                                                            78.22
“If Rama comes to know that this hunchback has been killed , it is definite that he would neither talk to you or me.”                                                                                                                                                          78.23
Hearing the words of Bharatha, Shatrugna the brother of Lakshmana , controlled his anger and released Mandhara.                                                                                                                                                           78.24
Mandhara   tormented by sorrow and pain , fell at the feet of Kaikeyi heaving deep tortured breaths and wretchedly cried.                                                                                                                                               78.25
 The mother of Bharatha seeing the hunchback thrown at her feet and who has lost her consciousness , looked here and there  like  a Krauncha bird caught in the net  and consoled that hunchback.         78.26                                                                                                                                                                         

This is the end of the seventy eighth chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

79.Bharatha refuses to be crowned and wants to crown Rama.

(On the fourteenth day the people of Ayodhya offer the kingdom to Bharatha  and request him to get crowned. He refuses the offer and tells them that he would bring back Rama and crown him. He starts making arrangements   for march   of the army.)

On the fourteenth day morning , those who  are empowered to nominate the king   assembled   and told Bharatha .                                                                                                                                                                 79.1
“Our revered master king Dasaratha has gone to heaven  and the very strong Lakshmana and Rama have gone to the forest.”                                                                                                                                                79.2
“Oh famous prince, now you please become our king , though no one has done any harm  to this country without a leader.”                                                                                                                                                  79.3
“Oh son of the king  , Oh Bharatha, your people as well as those belonging to all trades  have brought necessary materials for your crowing     and are waiting. “                                                                           79.4
“Oh Bharatha, Oh best among men, please receive this stable kingdom which belonged to your father and grandfather, get yourself crowned and rule over us.”                                                                            79.5
Bharatha who was stable in his penance , went round the materials procured for his coronation , replied to those people.                                                                                                                                                     79.6
“Is not the crowning of the eldest son as a king , the tradition of my clan?   So it is not proper for knowledgeable  people like you to advise me like this.”                                                                                 79.7
“Our eldest brother Rama would become the king  and I would live in the forest   for another fourteen years.”                                                                                                                                                                      79.8
“Let the great army consisting for different parts be got ready .I will go and get my elder brother  from the forest  myself.”                                                                                                                                                 79.9
“I shall keep    all these  sanctified  things procured  for my coronation   on my front  and  get back  Rama  from the forest.  “                                                                                                                                    79.10
“I would  crown that tiger among men  in the forest itself and  will bring him back like the sanctified fire from place of Yagna.”                                                                                                                                          79.11
“I would not fulfill the desires of the woman who calls herself as my mother and I would live in the inaccessible forest and Rama   would become king here.”                                                                           79.12
“Let the road be laid , after leveling uneven ground by expert artisans and those experts  in  protection in inaccessible places    follow us.,”                                                                                                                  79.13
When the prince was talking favouring Rama , all the people replied him in excellent auspicious words.
“When you desire  to give this earth to your elder brother , in those words Goddess  Lakshmi herself  is present.”                                                                                                                                                                79.15
Hearing those matchless words from the son of the king , all of them who were in the range of hearing became extremely happy and  the eyes of noble men started    shedding tears.”                                 79.16
Hearing the words that were uttered   become greatly joyous  , the ministers and members of the council  were relieved of their distress  and said, “Oh best among men , devoted people and expert artisans have already been instructed tyo lay the road.”                                                                            79.17

This is the end of the seventy ninth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

80. Bharatha ’s men construct the road for march of the army.

(Great many people are engaged  in construction of the road to go and meet Rama and they work ceaselessly and efficiently.)
Then  the people who knew topography of land , People who are  expert in measurement, devoted workers, energetic excavators , those who know how to operate machines , skilled labourers, architects , craftsmen, carpenters , road levelers, people for cutting trees, people  for digging wells , those who knew how to paint  , basket makers   and competent supervisors started in advance.                  80-1-80.3
The very large number of people proceeding from each region resembled swollen      sea on the full moon days.                                                                                                                                                             80.4
Those experts in formation of roads along with   necessary tools  preceded   all others.                       80.5
They cleared the creepers and shrubs , cut off unnecessary trees , removed various types of boulders  and paved the road for travel.                                                                                                                          80.6
They transplanted trees in place where   they were not there  and cut off  trees wherever   it was needed using  hatchets axes , hooked tools and the saw..                                                                                         80.7
Some other strong men uprooted deep rooted grass from here and there  and cleared uneven places and made the path fit for travel.                                                                                                                      80.8   
Others filled up wells and hollow dried up areas  with loose soil       and some others  lifted up low lying lands and made them even.                                                                                                                              80.9
Some people constructed bridges in places which required to be bridged, and powdered obstruction where they are required  and broke places which needs to be split open.                                            80.10
Within a very short time , they constructed big ponds and lakes, looking like the sea  of different shapes.
In places without water , great wells with pure  water  were dug  , which were surrounded   by circular dykes.                                                                                                                                                                  80.12  
The highway   for the army  was made smooth, plastered with mortar and line of blossoming trees were planted. Intoxicated joyful birds marched through them singing with joy. They were further decorated with flags and sandal water was   sprinkled over them and strewn with flowers of all types. With all this the highway brilliantly shined like the path of Gods.                                                                      80.13-80.14
Those workers who were responsible for  various tasks , obeyed the orders  of Bharatha   sincerely and ordered other artisans  to work.  They filled up    resting places meant for Bharatha with various types of fruits  and also made them lovely. They also decorated such places so that  it resembled ornaments.
Those astrologers who were experts in auspicious stars , fixed the time of stay of Bharatha    in these resting places on the way.                                                                                                                                 80.17
Expert workers   spread heads of sand   around these resting places    and  built moats around it. It was Adorned with broad highways  and lined with houses  as high as Indrakeela mountain . Those excellent tall buildings appeared as if they were  prepared to fly in the sky. The flags decorating these ways could be seen everywhere  and it resembled  the place  of Indra in splendour .                                 80.18-80.20
That road  with forests of various trees  and had sources  of cool and clear water  reached the banks of river Ganga  with abundance of fishes.                                                                                                         80.21
Constructed by expert  craftsmen that lovely royal road shined like the night sky illuminated     by cluster stars  and moon .                                                                                                                                                80.22

This is the end of the eightieth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.
81.Vasishta arranges for a meeting of all needed people

(When respect of king is given to Bharatha is given, he   gets upset  .Vasishta calls of a meeting of all concerned.)
Then the expert in words , bards , and genealogists  made a delightful  start of the night  with auspicious notes   and praised Bharatha.                                                                                                                              81.1
The drum of the  night watch was beaten by golden sticks (to indicate time) , conches in hundreds were blown and instruments of various modulations were  played.                                                                     81.2
That high sound of pipes reached up to the heavens  but caused even more sorrow    and distress  to Bharatha .                                                                                                                                                                81.3
Bharatha who was woken up by that   sound   immediately got it stopped and told Shatrugna  that “I am not the king.”                                                                                                                                                          81.4
“See Shatrugna ,what great harm has been done to the world by Kaikeyi. Lord Dasaratha has left the earth leaving all these sorrows to me.”                                                                                                             81.5
“This country which was ruled  by the great  king of dharma who rooted in Dharma is now like a boat without helmsmen caught in the whirlpool.”                                                                                                 81.6
“And also the very great protector of this country Rama , has been banished  to the forest  by my mother who has abandoned Dharma .”                                                                                                           81.7
Seeing Bharatha crying like that and becoming unconscious , all the women cried together continuously.  
When he was crying like this Vasishta the expert on the king’s Dharma entered the assembly hall of the  lord of Ikshuvaku clan.                                                                                                                                         81.9
That follower of Dharma along with his disciples entered that hall finished in gold and inlaid    with many gems and precious stones  and resembled Sudharma , the assembly hall of Indra.                               81.10
Sitting on the golden seat covered with comfortable spread, he gave orders to the messengers this way.
“Bring immediately Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas  , ministers  and army commanders of a steady mind as  a very important matter need to be discussed.”                                                                                   81.12
“Bring along with royal attendants the  famous Shatrugna , the illustrious Bharatha,. Yudhajith , Sumanthra , all well wishers of the king .”                                                                                                    81.13
When the invitees started  coming as per the orders of Vasishta in their horses   and Chariots , great sound  of din prevailed there .                                                                                                                        81.14
“When Bharatha was coming he was greeted by ministers and other people like they used to greet Dasaratha and  it resembled Devas greeting Indra.”                                                                                    81.15
Graced by the sons of Dasaratha , that assembly hall  , teeming with fish  and serpents, with gems , shells , pebbles and grains of sand  , looked as if Dasaratha  himself was present there.                     81.16

This is the end of the eighty  first   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

82.  Bharatha refuses the offer of the kingdom and   starts to bring back Rama

(Vasishta requests Bharatha to get himself crowned, but  her refuses to accept. It is decided  that all people will go with Bharatha to forest and bring back Rama.)

The very intelligent Bharatha  saw well controlled  gentleman   in the assembly hall  which looked like a dark night    with full moon and  bright  stars.                                                                                                   82.1
After the entry,  the seats were occupied    according to their rank  and the assembly looked splendid  with people who have dressed in costly garments and   applied  unguents  with good scent.                 82.2
The intensely  splendid assembly    with multitude of learned people  looked like   the autumnal night with full moon.                                                                                                                                                         82.3
The chief priest who was an expert in Dharma having seen all the king’s subjects , spoke in a very gentle way to Bharatha.                                                                                                                                                     82.4
“Dear child , the king Dasaratha following all the   tenets of Dharma has conferred this vast  kingdom abounding  in wealth and grains on you , before going to heaven.”                                                             82.5
“Rama abiding by the truth  and constantly remembering the path of Dharmic  people , did not move away from the wishes of his father , like the rising moon which does not move away from moon light.”
“This kingdom has been awarded to you by your father   as well as  your brother completely removed of its thorns Please crown yourself quickly as its king  and enjoy it   along with the chosen ministers  of your choice.  “                                                                                                                                                                82.7
“Let the kings from north,  west as well as south  and kings of bordering kingdoms  and from the islands of the sea bring  crores  of    very costly jewels.”                                                                                          82.8
Hearing those words,  Bharatha was immersed in the   sea of  sorrow and  wishing for Dharma  reached by his mind Rama .                                                                                                                                            82.9
That young man who has a sweet voice like  a swan , with sweet voice choked by sobs , lamented in the middle of that assembly  and  found fault with that    chief family priest Vasishta.                          82.10
“How can a man like  me seize the kingdom from the very knowledgeable  Rama, who observes the penance of Brahmacharya , who knows all branches of learning  and who is trying to protect Dharma.  “
“How can any one born to Dasaratha become an usurper of a kingdom? Me and this kingdom belong to Rama. It is only proper for you to tell about this.”                                                                                        82.12
“The son of Kakustha clan, the soul of Dharma , the eminent and eldest son Rama who is comparable to Nahusha and Dilipa  only merits to get this kingdom as was received by Dasaratha.                            82.13
“If I do this sin which ungentlemanly wicked  act not leading to heaven , in this world , I would become the disgrace to the Ikshuvaku clan.”                                                                                                                 82.14
“This sinful act  done by mother is  always distasteful to me and from here I am saluting my brother who is in the inaccessible  forest.”                                                                                                                             82.15
“As Rama is the best among those who walk with two legs, I would follow him. In all the three worlds , Only Rama deserves to get this kingdom.”                                                                                                       82.16
All the members of the assembly hearing these words of Dharma ,fixing their thought on Rama shed  tears of joy.                                                                                                                                                           82.17
“If I am not able to bring back my esteemed brother, I shall also dwell in the forest  like Lakshmana.”
“I would use all possible methods to bring him back  with force  and  come in the presence of all of you who are pious men.”                                                                                                                                           82.19
“I have already dispatched  explorers and protectors of the path as well as those who would assist them for wages or  without wages  and it also pleases me to take this journey. “                                             82.20
The lover of his brother  and the soul of Dharma that Bharatha    after telling this told Sumanthra who was an expert in counseling   who was standing nearby.                                                                              82.21
“Oh Sumanthra , get up and go and speedily arrange for the army to be   assembled to go on this expedition , as per my order.”                                                                                                                            82.22
When the great Bharatha told like this to Sumanthra , with great joy , he fulfilled those commands  and it looked like that he liked it.                                                                                                                               82.23
The citizens were greatly pleased  to know that the army and its chiefs  have been ordered on a journey to bring back Rama.                                                                                                                                              82.24
In each and every house when the wives of soldiers came to know about the orders for the journey , with great joy they hastened up their husbands.                                                                                            82.25
Those chiefs of army  collected horses, fast moving bullock carts, fast moving chariots   and soldiers of the army as ordered.                                                                                                                                            82.26
Bharatha who was in the presence of his Guru, having seen that the army was assembled, requested Sumanthra to get  ready his chariot .                                                                                                                82.27
He heard the order  of Bharatha with great joy  and harnessed the chariot  with excellent  horses.  82.28
Then Bharatha who was steadfast in his words , who was greatly valorous , and one who spoke with proper words  and one who wanted  to please his brother    who had gone to the forest said.            82.29
“Oh Sumanthra , go to the  chiefs of the army and order them to assemble the army so that I can start   to go  for wishing to ask for forgiveness   and then  to bring back my brother , who is in the forest , for the sake of welfare of the world .”                                                                                                                    82.30
The son of the charioteer   who was properly ordered by Bharatha , with his greatest desire fulfilled , ordered  all important people as well as the chiefs of army and friends .                                                  82.31
Thereafter  from clan after clan belonging to Brahmin, Kshatriya  , Vaisya   and Shudra  castes , rose up and brought out  camels and donkeys  as well as Chariots, elephants of good pedigree    and horses  and started for the travel.                                                                                                                                           82.32

This is the end of the eighty  second  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

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