Saturday, August 24, 2013

Ayodhya Kanda 83-119

Ayodhya Kanada (Contd..)

83.Bharatha starts to the forest

(Bharatha starts to meet Rama, along with a huge army and a teeming population of people belonging to various castes and trades. They reach the town of Guha   and take rest there.)

Waking up early morning Bharatha  boarded excellent chariot and set out    with a desire to see  Rama  swiftly.                                                                                                                                                                    83.1
All the ministers and priests went ahead   in chariots resembling  the chariot of the sun,   which were yoked   to horses.                                                                                                                                                 83.2
Nine thousand elephants arranged  in proper fashion , followed Bharatha  who was the delight of the clan of Ikshuvakus.                                                                                                                                               83.3
Sixty thousand elephants and well armed archers  followed behind Bharatha    who was a  famous prince .                                                                                                                                                                     83.4
One hundred thousand horses  mounted by their riders followed Bharatha who was truthful, who had control over his sense organs  and who belonged to the  clan of Raghu.                                                   83.5
Kaikeyi, Sumithra  and the famous  Kausalya  joyful at the thought of bringing back Rama  went in chariots which were shining.                                                                                                                              83.6
Groups of gentlemen  who were delighted in their hearts  by the spectacular achievements of Rama  were travelling to see  Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                                 83.7
“When will be able to see Rama  who is like a black cloud, very strong  , had remarkable courage and  steadfast in penance  who can destroy all sorrows of the world.”                                                              83.8
“As soon as we see Rama,  all our sorrow will vanish , like the darkness vanishing on seeing the Sun.”               
The people of the town on their way narrated to each other achievements of Rama and also hugged each  other.                                                                                                                                                            83.10
Those others who were close to the family of the king , merchants as well as other citizens  went along with delight to see  Rama.                                                                                                                                   83.11
Polishers of  gems and ornaments , potters capable of making ornamental pottery, manufacturers of weapons  , weavers , People who make show pieces using peacock feathers, people who saw wood , makers of   cheap ornaments , perforators of shell as well as  ornaments, artisans on ivory , people who plaster, merchants  of fragrant essences , famous goldsmiths , blanket cleaners , bath attendants , doctors , vintners , merchants of  perfumes, washer men, tailors , chiefs of villages, actors along with their wives, fishermen joined the group.                                                                                     83.12-83.15
Thousands  of Brahmins who were expert in Vedas, who had a composed mind and  who were famous for their Dharma followed Bharatha riding on bullock carts.                                                               83.16
Properly dressed up in clean cloths, wearing red sandal paste in groups riding on various vehicles  people slowly followed Bharatha.                                                                                                                           83.17
The very cheerful army followed the son of Kaikeyi Bharatha who loved his brother and was going to bring back his brother.                                                                                                                                        83.18
Travelling on chariots, carts, elephants and horse for a long distance with great difficulty , they reached near Sringaberipura  which was near the Ganges river , which was a city ruled vigilantly  by Rama’s friend the valiant Guha who was living there   with his relatives.                                                                83.19-83.20
The army accompanying Bharatha  reached the river Ganga frequented by  Chakravaka birds  and halted on its banks .                                                                                                                                                          83.21
After inspecting the army that followed him as well as the sacred waters of  the river  Ganga , Bharatha , who was an expert in speech addressed his ministers.                                                                                 83.22
“I am of the opinion that the army can halt here   and after taking further rest , we will cross the river tomorrow. “                                                                                                                                                       83.23
“Meanwhile I desire to give ablations with water in the river to my father who has gone to heaven, for  ensuring him good life in that world .”                                                                                                          83.24
When Bharatha spoke like this to the ministers , each of them agreed with this and with composed minds , each of them allowed the army with them to relax.                                                                     83.25
Bharatha made adequate arrangements for encamping    his great army on the banks of  the mighty river Ganga and thought over the problem of bringing back Rama  and took up his dwelling there.

This is the end of the eighty  third  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

84.Guha meets Bharatha

(Guha suspects the intention of Bharatha. So he carefully approaches him. Sumanthra tells Bharatha about Guha. Guha is allowed to meet  Bharatha.)

Then Guha, the king of NIshadhas observing the great  bannered army encamping on the banks of river Ganga , hurriedly  addressed all his relatives and said.                                                                                  84.1
“I am seeing a great army which is spread like an ocean and I am unable to comprehend by my mind as to its magnitude.”                                                                                                                                            84.2
“It appears to me that the evil minded Bharatha himself has come here .The  huge emblem of Kovidha tree    seems to be hoisted atop his chariot.”                                                                                             84.3
“Would Bharatha , the son of Kaikeyi arrest us with cords  or would he kill all of us  or has he come with the desire of conquering this thriving kingdom which is not easily obtainable or is he desirous of slaying Rama who was banished by his father ?”                                                                                              84.4-84.5 
“Rama the son of Dasaratha is not only my master but also my friend. So be vigilantly stationed on the banks of Ganga   , so that his interests are protected.”                                                                              84.6
“Let all fishermen who live on fruits, roots  and meet  and  who depend on Ganga for their livelihood stay here    along with their armies.”                                                                                                            84.7
“Let five hundred boats each manned by hundred men be available here” , said Guha exhorting them. 
“If perchance Bharatha is not ill disposed to Rama then his army would cross over river Ganga today itself   in safety.”                                                                                                                                               84.9
After telling this , the king of NIshadhas ,  carrying , fish , meat and wine  as presents  approached  Bharatha.                                                                                                                                                           84.10
The very famous son of the charioteer , who was  humble by nature , seeing their coming  informed humbly about it.                                                                                                                                               84.11
“This Lord who is surrounded by thousands of his relatives  is very knowledgeable about Dandaka forest . He who is aged  is a great friend of your brother.”                                                                                   84.12
“Oh son of Kakustha clan, so  you may let the Lord of NIshadhas  Guha to see you  as he will undoubtedly know  about the whereabouts of Rama and Lakshmana.  “                                                                         84.13
After having heard these auspicious words of Sumanthra Bharatha said, “Allow him to meet me immediately.”                                                                                                                                                     84.14
Guha became joyous on seeing that the permission was obtained and along with his relatives and  with humility approached Bharatha and told him.                                                                                               84.15
“This country is like the garden in your backyard and all of us are subordinate to you and you may live in the home of this slave.”                                                                                                                                    84.16
“Here are the roots and fruits from the forest  and also great varieties of dried and fresh meat brought to you by these NIshadhas.’                                                                                                                              84.17
“I am desiring that you and along with your army may take rest here tonight and after we present you with various offerings , your army can proceed tomorrow.”                                                                   84.18

This is the end of the eighty  fourth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

85.Guha ‘s doubts are cleared

(When Guha asks Bharatha whether  his intentions are evil, Bharatha tells him that  he is going to bring back  Rama. Guha is greatly impressed.Bharatha spends a sleepless night due to worry.)

Bharatha hearing the words of Guha, the lord of NIshadhas , replied with well thought-out  and greatly significant words.                                                                                                                                            85.1
“Oh friend of my elder brother, your intention of providing food   for this very great   army , indeed  is great.”                                                                                                                                                                  85.2
After saying these very great words  to Guha, he again told the lord of  the NIshadhas.                     85.3 
“Oh Guha, these marshy banks of river Ganga  is dense and difficult to cross ,Can you tell me how I can cross this and go to the hermitage of Bharadwaja .”                                                                                    85.4
Hearing these words of the sagacious son of the king, , Guha who is an expert forest ranger replied   with folded hands.                                                                                                                                                        85.5
“Oh very famous son of the king, these fishermen armed with bow shall  accompany you  with vigilance and I also would  accompany you.”                                                                                                                 85.6
“Are you going  to Rama  who never gets tired , with an intention to cause harm to him?  Seeing your great army  , I am getting this doubt.”                                                                                                             85.7
Bharatha who was as pure as the sky , hearing these words replied to Guha in a gentle tone.            85.8
“Let such an evil time causing such a calamity never come .It is not worthy of you to suspect me like that as  Rama as an elder brother is like my father and held in high esteem by me.”                                      85.9
“I am going to  bring that son of Kakustha back from the forest. Oh Guha , please do not entertain any other thought as I am telling you the truth.”                                                                                                  85.10
On hearing the talk of Bharatha , Guha became happy and with a face beaming with joy , once again told Bharatha.                                                                                                                                                                85.11
“You are a blessed man because you want to renounce that kingdom , which you got without any effort and I do not see anyone equal to you in this earth.”                                                                                     85.12
“Great permanent fame  will follow you in this world , because you are desiring to bring back  , Rama  who is in great difficulty.”                                                                                                                                    85.13
When Guha was talking like this to Bharatha, the sun started shining with less brilliance and the night started setting in.”                                                                                                                                                85.14
Bharatha after encamping his huge army with the help rendered by Guha , retired to sleep. Shatrugna also   started sleeping.                                                                                                                                          85.15
But the great Bharatha ’s mind  was occupied by the sorrow about Rama. Being a man steeped in Dharma he did not deserve to be sorrowing like this.                                                                                   85.16
Inside Bharatha  the grief was burning him and scorching him , like the hidden fire in the forest scorching a tree.                                                                                                                                                                      85.17
Just as the  snow on Himalayas is melted by heat of the sun  flows out , sweat poured out from all parts of his body due to the heat   of grief.                                                                                                             85.18
With unbreakable  mountain of meditation , with mineral like heaving , with pathos of multitude of trees , with  sorrows and tiresomeness like mountain peaks , with countless creatures of stupor , with sorrows making him like bamboo trees , Bharatha was enveloped by the mountain of sorrow.           85.19-85.20
Then the best among men, heaving sighs with a   very disturbed mind , with bewildered senses , caught in great calamity , oppressed by the heat raised in his heart , like   the bull driven out by the herd lost his peace of mind.                                                                                                                                                     85.21
Bharatha followed by his people joined with Guha  and Guha Again consoled Bharatha  who was with a greatly distraught  mind thinking about Rama.                                                                                         85.22

This is the end of the eighty  fifth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

86.Guha Talks of Lakshmana

(Guha tells Bharatha about Lakshmana and his love towards  Rama. He tells how he guarded Rama in spite of Guha ‘s offer   to do so. He told how worried Lakshmana   was about Ayodhya.)

Then the forest ranger Guha described to Bharatha, who had countless virtues , the good nature   of the great Lakshmana.                                                                                                                                                   86.1
“I spoke to Lakshmana  who was completely awake for   the protection of his brother  holding bows and  arrows .”                                                                                                                                                                  86.2
“Oh friend Lakshmana   who belongs to clan of Raghu , for your sake a comfortable bed has  been arranged. Without any anxiety , please  lie down on it.”                                                                               86.3
“Oh soul of Dharma  , all of our people are used   to  sorrow  but you are accustomed to pleasure and so  we will stay awake for the protection of Rama.”                                                                                             86.4
“There is no one in this world   who is dearer than Rama to me. Do not be anxious. I am telling you    the truth.”                                                                                                                                                                       86.5
“With his blessings , I want to attain  great fame in this  world, abundance of Dharma and absolute Artha and Kama.”                                                                                                                                                               86.6
“I  armed with bow and arrow   along with our clan members ,would protect my dear friend Rama who is  sleeping   with Sita.”                                                                                                                                               86.7
“Since I wander around the forest always , nothing  here is unknown to me .In a battle here we can fight with  an army with four divisions .”                                                                                                           86.8
“Telling like this  to   that great soul Lakshmana , we all were able to see   only Dharma in him.”      86.9
“He further said,” When Rama is sleeping on the ground with Sita, how is it possible for me to get sleep or pleasure or life.”                                                                                                                                              86.10
“Oh , Guha , that Rama whom even asuras    and devas   cannot withstand in a battle  is lying down on a bed of grasses with Sita.”                                                                                                                                    86.11  
“Rama was obtained by Dasaratha by performing   many great austerities and is the only son who resembles my father in all his virtues.”                                                                                                             86.12
“After he was banished  the king cannot survive for long  and quickly   this earth would be turned in to a widow.”                                                                                                                                                                  86.13
“The women in the king’s private apartment must have cried loudly for a long time and would have stopped by now due to  getting  very tired and by now all the sound  would have been calmed   down in the palace.”                                                                                                                                                          86.14
“ I think   that Kausalya and the king as well as my mother Sumithra would outlive this night.”        86.15
“My mother may continue to live by looking after Shatrugna , but as for  the mother of the warrior,  Kausalya would die  due to extreme grief.”                                                                                                  86.16
“After   failing to fulfill  one cherished desire after another one , the king will die without being able to make    Rama the king.”                                                                                                                                   86.17
“When the moment for lying in state   on earth comes to my father , the person who carries out his funeral rites would have achieved  his purpose.”                                                                                      86.18
“Then he will move about  in  my father’s  city of Ayodhya with pretty highways and cross roads, full of mansions and palaces which are embedded with precious stones , thronged by large number of elephants, horses  and chariots, echoing with sound of trumpets, filled with auspiciousness  everywhere , crowded with joyful prosperous people  ,  with large  number of pleasure gardens , shining is  community festivals  and is full of all sort of comforts.”                                                                  86.19-86.21
“Would we be ever able to enter Ayodhya after we safely fulfill  the vow of Rama of completing the full term in the forest?”                                                                                                                                            86.22
“While the great prince was lamenting this way and was waiting, the night  passed off.”                   86.23
“On the next day dawn in the banks of river Ganga, they matted   their hair and were comfortably ferried across the river by me.”                                                                                                                       86.24
“Wearing matted hair and dress made of barks of wood those powerful men who were slayer of their enemies and resembling the lord of bull elephants, armed with excellent bows, arrows and other   weapons, looking back with alertness  went with Sita.”                                                                             86.25

This is the end of the eighty sixth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

87.Guha tells about Rama to Bharatha

(Bharatha becomes sad and upset , Seeing that his mothers also are upset.Later Bharatha  asks about  what Rama ate and where he slept. Guha tells him that he only sipped water and lay down on a bed of Durbha  prepared by Lakshmana.)

Bharatha after hearing these words of Guha which was not to his liking , was immersed in thought  as and when he heard  each sentence.                                                                                                                 87.1
“Bharatha who was gentle, powerful , with shoulders like that of a lion, with great arms , with wide eyes resembling petals of a lotus , youthful and  graceful  was revived for a moment but  immediately fell down with grief  like an elephant , heavily beaten by whips.”                                                            87.2-87.3
Seeing Bharatha  like this , Shatrugna who was standing nearby  , hugged him with great sorrow and fell down  senseless.                                                                                                                                                   87.4
Then all the mothers of Bharatha who were  emaciated due  to fasting , desolate and grieving for the death of their husband  rushed towards him.                                                                                                  87.5
All of them wailing fell around him on the ground but Kausalya who was desolate approached Bharatha and took him in her hands.                                                                                                                                  87.6
The saint like very sad Kausalya who had great affection towards him wept and clasped him like her  own child and enquired.                                                                                                                                       87.7
“Oh Son I hope some sickness is not afflicting you as the well being of the king’s clan is now dependent on you.”                                                                                                                                                                   87.8
“Oh son when Rama left with his brother and after king Dasaratha departed to heaven, I am living because I am able to see you and  you are our sole protector.   “                                                                87.9
“Oh son, have you heard something unpleasant about Lakshmana as well as my son who has gone to the forest along with his wife. Rama is my only son.”                                                                                         87.10
That famous one instantly consoled himself  but still crying reassured Kausalya  and told the following to Guha.                                                                                                                                                                     87.11
“Oh Guha , where did my brother  along with Sita and Lakshmana spend the night? Where did they sleep? And what did they eat?.Please  tell me.”                                                                                            87.12
Guha , the lord of NIshadhas greatly delighted told  his loveable guest  about all that he  had provided    to  Rama.                                                                                                                                                               87.13
“I offered Rama   various kinds of rice, several kinds of eatables  and great quantity  of fruits which were brought   for his meal.”                                                                                                                                      87.14
“Rama who was valorous in his truth  ordered all of that to be taken back , remembering the duties of Kshatriya  he did not accept them.”                                                                                                               87.15
“You should never take  anything from others but always give, my friend”, like this that great one   entreated.”                                                                                                                                                          87.16  
“That great one only drank water which was brought by Lakshmana and later Rama and Sita  observed  fasting.”                                                                                                                                                               87.17    
“Lakshmana drank the remaining water and thus completed his work. Then they performed evening  worship observing silence.”                                                                                                                             87.18 
“Then later Lakshmana prepared    a  comfortable     and auspicious bed for them by using Dharbha collected by himself .”                                                                                                                                    87.19
“Rama along with Sita   lay down on that bed and Lakshmana after washing  their feet , went away to a distant place.”                                                                                                                                                 87.20
‘Near the roots  of  this Ingudi tree  is the place where the Durbha was spread   over which  Rama and Sita slept.”                                                                                                                                                      87.21
“Lakshmana , the destroyer of his enemies along with quivers filled with arrows and wearing a finger guard made   of goat skin and also holding a bow  which was strung ready  , stood guard    throughout  that night.”                                                                                                                                                       87.22
“There after I also armed with very good bow and arrow  and surrounded by indefatigable men who were also armed with arrows who belonged to my clan , stood in guard  of Indra like Rama   along with Lakshmana.”                                                                                                                                                     87.23

This is the end of the eighty  seventh   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

88.Bharatha is upset that Rama had to sleep on the floor

(Guha shows Bharatha    the bed on which Rama   and Sita slept.Bharatha is greatly upset. He decided to wear matted hair and cloths of Bark and live in forest while Rama is crowned in Ayodhya.)

Having listened to all those words, Bharatha along with his expert ministers  , went to the foot of Ingudi tree  and gazed at the  bed of Dharbha there and addressing his mothers he  told, “ That great Rama slept here on the ground at this spot  and you may see the crushed bed here.”                          88.1-88.2
“That very fortunate and intelligent son of Dasaratha  born in a very great clan does not deserve to sleep on this  naked earth.”                                                                                                                                            88.3
“How could that tiger among men  who is used to sleep on deer skin spread over    several excellent  bed spreads , sleep on this naked ground.”                                                                                                               88.4
“That destroyer of enemies Rama  used to reside  in seven storied  palaces and  great mansions   with floors paved with gold  , over which carpets used to be spread. These rooms  used to have bouquets   of flowers of varied colours   and the paste of the perfumed sandal and Agaru used to be applied there.
The roofs of these  palaces looked like white clouds   and they   echoed with   the sweet sound of several parrots. These palaces used to be cool and were  scented with many  perfumes.  They were all equal to Meru mountain with their  gold plated walls. He used to be woken up by playing of musical instruments , playing of drums and tinkling sound of ornaments . Many poets , flatterers  and genealogists   used to sing appropriate verses  extolling his virtue   at the proper time   and used   to salute him.” 88.5-88.9
“This happening cannot be believed   and  it does not appear    to be truth to me  and my mind is scared  as it looks like a bad dream to me.”                                                                                                             88.10
“Surely the divine will is much more powerful , because Rama the son of Dasaratha had to sleep on the floor.”                                                                                                                                                                 88.11
“Sita who is the daughter of king of Videha, who has a comely appearance and who was the daughter in law of king Dasaratha also had to sleep on the floor.  “                                                                           88.12
“This bed of my brother has been tossed about  and this grasses spread on hard earth has been crushed by his limbs .”                                                                                                                                                   88.13
“Here and there I see some particles of Gold had been attached to it and possibly Sita must have slept on them wearing all her ornaments.  “                                                                                                       88.14
“It is evident that the upper garment of Sita  has been stuck here , for  here and there silk threads are shining on it.”                                                                                                                                                  88.15
“”I think this bed of her husband must have been comfortable for her , who is young lady who is  delicate , chaste and observing penance  and she never felt   any suffering .”                             88.16
“Alas  , it is unfortunate  that due to a cruel person like me,  Rama  with his wife was made  like orphans and   had to sleep  on such a bed.”                                                                                                            88.17
“How can Rama , born in the family of emperors , revered by all the world,   one who is darling of all the world, one who is the colour of blue lotus, one  who had red eyes, one who has pleasant looks, one who enjoyed pleasures and one who never merited sorrow ,  had to leave the matchless comforts   of his kingdom , and sleep on this hard floor.”                                                                                            88.18-88.19
“The great  Lakshmana who has auspicious virtues  who accompanied his brother at the time of adversity  and followed him is  blessed.”                                                                                                      88.20
“By accompanying her husband to the forest Vaidehi has accomplished her objective , for without any doubt  , being away from Rama  all of us are debased ones.”                                                                  88.21
“With Dasaratha having gone to heaven, and Rama  having depended on the forest , to me the country appears to be without a helmsman.”                                                                                                            88.22
“No one should desire to have this kingdom , because , even though Rama is in the forest , the country is protected by his mighty arms”.                                                                                                                        88.23
“The capital city of Ayodhya , without guards to protect it from ramparts , With elephants and horses let loose , with city gates kept open and thus unobstructed,  unprotected  and  with unhappy and demoralized army would be even shunned   by the enemies like food mixed with poison.” 88.24-88.25
“From today I will always have matted hair and wear cloths made of bark , eat only fruits and roots and sleep on the bare   floor.”                                                                                                                               88.26
“I would cheerfully  live for the rest of the period in the forest , taking the vow  of Rama on myself , so that the vow is not made untrue.”                                                                                                               88.27
“When I live in the forest instead of my brother, Shatrugna would live me and  the great Rama along with Lakshmana  will protect the kingdom.”                                                                                              88.28
“The  great Brahmins will hold the coronation of Rama in Ayodhya  and would the gods fulfill this wish of my mind.”                                                                                                                                                          88.29
“I would personally bowing my head to him would request for his grace  and if it is not granted, I would live with him in the forest for a long time , so that he would not be able to ignore me.”                 88.30

This is the end of the eighty  eighth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

89. Bharatha crosses Ganga and reaches hermitage  of saint Bharadwaja

(  Guha arranges to ferry Bharatha  along with his family members and army across Ganga.  Then they all travel and  reach near the hermitage of saint Bharadwaja.)
Bharatha after spending that night on the banks of Ganga , got up at dawn  and told  Shatrugna.  89.1
“Shatrugna  , are  you asleep. You be safe. Please go and bring Guha, the Lord of NIshadhas speedily .He will help us and the army to   cross the river Ganga.”                                                                                 89.2
Shatrugna replied when urged like this , “I have not been sleeping but I have been continuously thinking   about Rama.”                                                                                                                                                      89.3
While the  lions among were talking like this, Guha came in time and  , saluted them and told Bharatha.   
“Did you spent the night  comfortably on the banks of the river. I hope you and your army   had no inconvenience.”                                                                                                                                                   89.5
Hearing those affectionate words of Guha, Bharatha , who was partial to Rama   told.                       89.6
“Oh king , the night was comfortable. We have been honoured by you. Please instruct your servants  to ferry us across   the Ganga in their innumerable  boats.”                                                                           89.7
Guha on hearing the orders of Bharatha , went quickly to his town and told his clan members.       89.8
“Get up , awake. Safety to you for all time .Haul down your  boats and let us ferry this army  across  the river.                                                                                                                                                                      89.9
As  per the order of the king they all got up quickly and brought   five hundred   boats.               89.10
They also brought other  luxury boats called Swasthika, which had large bells ,  had flags, were magnificent looking   , built solidly and were suitable for sailing .                                                       89.11
Guha then Brought another auspicious  Swasthika boat , covered with white wool blankets  and filled with pleasing sounds .                                                                                                                                  89.12
Vasishta and other important Brahmins boarded that boat first. Later it was boarded by Bharatha, Shatrugna, Kausalya, Sumithra and other women of the king’s house and wives of the king. In that boat their wagons and supplies were boarded.                                                                                       89.13-89.14
The sound   of people burning their temporary shelters, their getting down in waters and boarding all the materials in the boats  reached the heavens.                                                                                      89.15
Controlled by flags and propelled by the fishermen  , those  boats  boarded by and  carrying men moved very speedily .                                                                                                                                                    89.16
Some boards carried women, some others were filled with horses, some others carried draught animals and carriages  and some great treasures.                                                                                                     89.17
When the boats  reached the other shore all the people disembarked and those fishermen  returned making lovely formations in the river.                                                                                                          89.18
The elephants decorated by flags and goaded by Mahouts while they were crossing the river shined  like mountains.                                                                                                                                                         89.19
Apart from those who crossed by boats , others crossed either by rafts and large pots    or swam  and crossed the river.                                                                                                                                              89.20
The auspicious army which was ferried across  the river by fishermen reached the  holy forest of Prayaga  in the Maithra holy period.                                                                                                                             89.21
After giving rest to the army, the great soul Bharatha , allowing them to live as per their pleasure  set out  along with his priests  , to  see  the very great saint Bharadwaja .                                                  89.22
Having approached the hermitage of  the great Brahmin , who was a great soul and priest of the devas , he saw delightful huts and multitude of trees  and the charming forest of the best of Brahmins.   89.23

This is the end of the eighty  ninth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

90. Bhardwaja talks with Bharatha

(Bharadwaja also misunderstands the intention of Bharatha. Later hearing his real intention , he is greatly pleased, He informs Bharatha about the  present location of Rama. Bharatha decides to spend that night in that great heritage)

Seeing the hermitage of Bharadwaja , from a distance of about two miles , that best among men who was a knower of dharma ,  brought the entire army to a halt , went along with his ministers  to the hermitage ,  keeping the priests in front , and after leaving out all ornaments and weapons  and wearing silk garments .                                                                                                                                               90.1-90.2
Then Bharatha made   the ministers to halt at a glancing distance from hermitage  of Bharadwaja, went forward along with his chief priest towards the hermitage .                                                                        90.3
That great ascetic on seeing sage Vasishta  , sprang up from his seat and told his disciples, “Please bring offerings of water.”                                                                                                                                              90.4
After that lustrous saint met sage Vasishta  and after receiving  the salutations  of Bharatha , he was informed that  he is the son of Dasaratha,                                                                                                       90.5
Bharadwaja who was conversant with Dharma , in accordance of their importance  made welcome offering to them and offered water for washing their feet  and after giving them fruits enquired    from Bharatha  about news and welfare of his family.                                                                                         90.6
He enquired about the welfare  of Ayodhya, army, treasury  and well being of friends as well   as ministers and knowingly did not mention about Dasaratha.                                                                     90.7
There after Vasishta and Bharatha enquired about his health of the body , sacred fires, trees as well as disciples and also about the animals and birds.                                                                                           90.8
The great ascetic Bharadwaja after affirming about the general   welfare and out of his bonds of affection to Rama  told Bharatha.                                                                                                              90.9
“You being the ruler of a kingdom, what is the reason  for your coming here? Tell me everything in detail as  my mind is not clear about it.”                                                                                                            90.10  
“Rama, the destroyer of enemies, who increases  happiness  of people   and who was given birth by Kausalya, along  with his brother has been banished  to the forest for quite a long time. That one who is great has been ordered  to live in the forest for fourteen years by his father    due to the persuasion of a women. With a aim of  enjoying   the kingdom  without any problems do you intend to cause  harm to him and his sinless   brother?”                                                                                                          90.11-90.13
When Bharadwaja  told like this , Bharatha with  great sorrow, eyes full of tears and with tottering   voice replied.                                                                                                                                               90.14
“I am completely lost if even venerable persons like  you think about me  like this .Please do not rebuke me like this suspecting a fault on my part.”                                                                                            90.15
“What my mother  told in my absence is  not  to my liking.. I am not pleased with her words  and I do not accept them.”                                                                                                                                                90.16
“I have come here to please that tiger among men by some strategy  and take him back to Ayodhya after prostrating him.”                                                                                                                                          90.17
“In these circumstances  , Oh sage , be pleased to show your kindness to me  and be pleased to tell me the whereabouts of Rama  , as of now.”                                                                                                  90.18
That god like saint further entreated by Vasishta and other sages , after getting pleased with Bharatha    addressed   him like this.                                                                                                                             90.19
“Oh tiger among men, your behaviour with  your teachers , your control over your senses  and your wish to follow people with virtue  are appropriate to you as you are born in the clan of Raghu.”        90.20
“I was aware of your mind  and in spite of that questioned you , so that  your reply would increase  your fame.”                                                                                                                                                              90.21
“I know where Rama along with Sita  and Lakshmana lives. Your brother   is living  in the great mountain of Chithrakuta.”                                                                                                                                             90.22
“You can go to that place tomorrow. And you may stay here  along  with your  ministers. Oh very intelligent prince  who is aware of Kama and  Artha, please fulfill my desire. “                                90.23
Bharatha  who is a man of noble vision  assented and said “so be it”, and then Bharatha decided to spend the night in that hermitage.                                                                                                              90.24

This is the end of the ninetieth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

 91.Bharadwaja treats Bharatha and his army with a feast

(Sage Bharadwaja then   offers hospitality to Bharatha   and his army. He summons several devas and a great feast is arranged. All the members of Bharatha ‘s retinue enjoy that    great feast.)

Seeing that the son of Kaikeyi   has made up  his mind to stay , the sage , invited him to stay there hospitably.                                                                                                                                                           91.1
Bharatha addressing the sage told, “You have already offered us water to wash our feet as also  made the welcome offering  and so the hospitality suitable for forest has already been extended.”           91.2
After that Bharadwaja with a gentle smile told, ”I know you are full of love and are satisfied  with whatever has been offered.”                                                                                                                              91.3
“I want to  feed you as well as the army , as the form of my love to you, oh best among men.”          91.4
“Oh best among men, why did you stop the army away from here? Why did you not approach me along with your army?”                                                                                                                                                   91.5
Bharatha with folded hands  addressing the sage whose penance is his wealth told him, “I did not approach you with the army as I was scared  of you.”                                                                                    91.6
“Oh  God like sage, the king or sons of the king  should intentionally avoid  the places of the sages.”  91.7
“Oh god like sage,  good horses, men , rutting mighty elephants  , which occupy    immense land usually  follow me.”                                                                                                                                                           91.8
“Fearing that would damage your water source and  leafy huts  if they come in, I came alone  without them.”                                                                                                                                                                    91.9
When the  great sage requested him to bring the army near him, Bharatha ordered the    army to advance   and come  near the sage.”                                                                                                              91.10
After entering the house of the fire sacrifice,  after sipping  water and wiping his body , he invoked Viswakarma to provide  hospitality  to the guests.                                                                                        91.11
“I wish to provide hospitality . I invoke Thwashta who builds homes  and Viswakarma  to help me in this matter and make necessary arrangements.”                                                                                                 91.12
“I invoke the three  guardians of the world lead  by Devendra  as I would like to provide hospitality  and request them to make necessary arrangements.”                                                                                       91.13  
“let all those rivers of the earth which flow towards east and flow towards west  and in the sky , may come over here now.”                                                                                                                                       91.14
“Let other rivers flow liquor made  of date palm, others the well prepared Sura(wine?) and yet others  cool water  tasting like sugarcane juice.”                                                                                                       91.15
“I also call upon  devas, Gandharwas,   Viswavasus , haha, Huhu also goddesses belonging to the Gandharwas and Apsara  clans.”                                                                                                                     91.16
I also invoke Gruthachi, Visvachi, Misrakesi, Alambusa, Nagadantha, Hema and Hima who reside on the mountain.”                                                                                                                                                           91.17
“I invoke all the Brahmacharini  women who attend on Indra as well as Lord Brahma  accompanied by Dumburu along   with all    their instruments.                                                                                               91.18
“Let the Khubera ’s divine forest  in the land  of  Kurus  with leaves serving as cloths and ornaments , which bears fruits in the form of celestial women come here.”                                                                91.19
“let the moon God give me excellent food , many kinds and varieties  of eatables  and food suitable , for chewing , sucking  and licking.”                                                                                                                        91.20
“Let multi coloured garlands made of flowers freshly fallen from trees, wines and other drinks  and meats of different kinds be provided.”                                                                                                            91.21
The sage with incomparable luster  in profound meditation  and filled with the glow of  penance , in conformity with the rules of Vedic chants told like this.                                                                               91.22
When the sage facing east and in deep meditation was requesting all this with folded palms , those gods summoned by him appeared before them one by one.                                                                                91.23
Then the wind after touching the Malaya as well as Durdura  mountains  and becoming most pleasant  , cool and comfortable, the breeze blew cooling the sweat.                                                                        91.24
Then the celestial clouds  showered rain of flowers. Sounds of the divine drums were being heard   from all directions.                                                                                                                                                       91.25
The gentle winds  blew , hoards  of Apsara women danced , the divine Gandharwas sang  and notes came out from the stringed instrument Veena.                                                                                           91.26
The sound with proper modulation and rhythm,  which emanated from those  musical instruments entered the ears of all being living on earth and the   sky.                                                                         91.27
When the  celestial sound pleasing the ears subsided , the army of Bharatha  saw the very pretty creations of Viswakarma.                                                                                                                                  91.28
On every side for five yojanas(twenty miles) the ground had been leveled  and covered with many grass lawns  which resembled the glittering sapphires and  cat’s  eye gems.                                                   91.29
At that place Bilva, wood apple , Jack fruit , citrus, gooseberry and mango  trees laden with fruits  resembling ornaments had sprang up.                                                                                                          91.30
From the kingdom of Northern Kurus , a divine river, which was the delight of heaven , bordered by very many trees came in to existence .                                                                                                                   91.31
A  splendid quadrangle of four buildings , stables for horses and elephants , and auspicious arch ways  for palaces and mansions suddenly sprung up.                                                                                          91.32
A royal palace  white like the autumn clouds , with splendid archways, decorated by divine garlands , perfumed with divine scents, with a spacious quadrangle , furnished with couches , seats   and coaches sprang up there. Several kind of celestial drinks , delicious food in sterling containers , very good dresses and every variety  of food  ,in clean and well kept vessels was stocked in that palace. Inside seats were arranged for everyone  and there were in it magnificent couches with  very good spreads.91.33-91.35
The mighty armed son of Kaikeyi Bharatha , having been permitted by the sage, entered the palace stocked    with treasures.                                                                                                                             91.36
He was accompanied by the priests   and ministers and they were filled with joy on seeing the arrangements made inside.                                                                                                                         91.37
There they saw an exquisite throne, fan made of Yak’s tail   and Parasol an Bharatha and  his ministers  went round it like  kings.                                                                                                                             91.38
Bharatha   bowed to the throne as if Rama was seated there   and seated himself in the minister’s seat fanned the thrown with yak tail fan.                                                                                                         91.39
The ministers and priests occupied   their seats  in proper  order of importance  and next to the chief of army , the supervisor of the camp sat.                                                                                                     91.40
As per the order of Bharadwaja , immediately   rivers of Payasam(Kheer)  started  flowing  towards Bharatha.                                                                                                                                                      91.41
On the two banks of the river , celestial and charming houses appeared by the grace of Lord Brahma.
Within no time, twenty thousand well decorated and well ornamented women came there by the grace of Lord Brahma.                                                                                                                                          91.43
Shining in gold ornaments , gems , corals  and pearls twenty thousand women sent by Khubera    came.
Twenty thousand pretty  Apasara women , who would make men   who take  them in to hands delirious with passion came from Nandana.                                                                                                           91.45
Thereafter the distinguished Narada , Dumburu and Gopa and the kings of Gandharwas   who were  shining  like the sun started  singing in the presence of Bharatha.                                                    91.46
As per the orders of Bharadwaja, Alambusha, Misrakesi , Pundarika and Vamana danced the Bharathanatya.                                                                                                                                              91.47
As per the orders of Bharadwaja , those garlands of devas as well as that of Chaithraratha  gardens  were found in Prayaga.                                                                                                                                            91.48
As per the command of Bharadwaja Bilwa trees started playing  drums, palm trees  started playing  cymbal and Peepal trees  started dancing.                                                                                                91.49
Thereafter Pine and Palmyrah trees , even great Tilaka trees , Naktha trees that bear flowers at night , became short and were transformed in to hunchbacks  and they all moved , here and there . 91.50
Asoka trees and  Gooseberry trees from the forest and creepers like jasmine , Mallika, Jaaji and all others took the form of women came to the hermitage  of Bharadwaja and said.                        91.51
“Oh people who drink Sura(liquor) drink as much as Sura as you want,  and all those  who are hungry eat Payasam(Kheer) and meat offered in fire sacrifices.”                                                                 91.52-91.53
Seven or eight woman, one by one rubbed the body of each man, bathed them in the banks of that river
And  they were greatly delighted.                                                                                                             91.54
Some women with sparkling eyes speedily approached them for  massaging   and  some other chosen ladies wiped away water from their bodies and gave each other wine to drink.                               91.55
The attendants of vehicles   fed meals to  horses, elephants , donkeys , camels , calves of cows    as per their need as and as per the  rule.                                                                                                             91.56
Those  energetic people who were warriors of  Ikshuvaku kings ,  made  the animals that pull the vehicles , eat more and more and made them eat parched grain, with sugarcane and honey. 91.57
The horse riders were not able to recognize their horses , the mahout  did not recognize his elephant  and the whole army which was fully drunk  forgot everything and shined.                                  91.58
After gratifying all their desires  and after applying  red sandal paste   all over the body  and surrounded by  Apsara ladies , those army men exclaimed.                                                                                 91.59
“We will not go to Ayodhya nor will we go to Dandaka . Welfare to Bharatha  and Rama have a pleasant life.”                                                                                                                                                           91.60
The soldiers  of Infantry and cavalry , who after enjoying the hospitality of Bharadwaja , no longer recognizing their leaders   also made such utterances.                                                                   91.61
Those men who were followers of Bharatha who were in thousands  highly delighted shouted “This is heaven”                                                                                                                                                    91.62
Those soldiers  danced , laughed as well as sang and ran about all over  wearing thousands of garlands.
Those who had already  eaten that nectar like food , when saw that divine food again, wanted   to eat once more.                                                                                                                                               91.64
Thousands of servants, slave girls, female attendants, army attendants dressed in matchless dresses were greatly proud of themselves.                                                                                                        91.65
There the elephants, donkeys , camels, cows, horses , beasts and birds were well fed , and each of them did not trouble the other.                                                                                                                       91.66
No one in the army was wearing dirty dresses or themselves dirty or hungry  and no one was having dust on their body or  with unkempt hair.                                                                                                    91.67
There the men were surprised to see  goat meat, boar meat, choicest condiments, various fragrant and tasty  fruit juices , soups , white rice  , in thousands of metal   containers.                         91.68-91.69
Along the border of the forest wells were filled with Payasam and there were wish fulfilling cows and honey dripping trees.                                                                                                                                91.70
Other wells were filled with date palm liquor , surrounded by pots of well cooked meat  of peacock, chicken and deer.                                                                                                                                      91.71
There were vessels in thousands, plates and tumblers in lakhs , golden vessels, cups and well cleaned   pots  made of earth and jars with wide mouth.                                                                                  91.72
Tanks were filled with sweet curds  of good flavour with the colour of wood apple which were blended with spices , some more tanks filled with Payasam  and some filled with  sweet prepared out of barley powder.                                                                                                                                             91.73 -91.74
The army men saw in bathing Ghats of rivers bathing powders and powder extracts in containers  and different kind of bathing requisites.                                                                                                         91.75
There the soldiers saw on all sides  stacks of tooth cleaning sticks, white and bristled, white lumps of sandal wood paste placed in dishes made of leaves, well cleaned mirrors, collection of clothes, several pairs of foot wear, collyrium boxes, combs, brushes for cleaning moustaches, weapons, parasoles, bows and shining armour, different kinds of couches, and seats. There were pools of drinking water for donkeys, camels, elephants and horses and excellent landing places filled with flowering lotuses and water lilies. The lakes were of transparent waters resembling the hue of the sky and easy, comfortable for swimming. There they saw soft hears of grass as green as sapphire and Nipa trees for the animals to refresh.                                                                                                                                                    91.76-91.80
Those men were surprised by the great hospitality extended by sage Bharadwaja to  Bharatha and felt as if they were in the world of dreams.                                                                                                              91.81
When they were enjoying like this  like devas in garden of Indra , in the pretty hermitage of Bharadwaja , the night passed away.                                                                                                                                      91.82
Those rivers reverted back to the normal state , Gandharwas  and those lovely women returned back after taking leave from saint Bharadwaja.                                                                                                 91.83 
Those men were greatly intoxicated by the liquor  and were smeared with divine Agaru and sandal paste , petals of flowers from the crushed divine garlands were   strewn helter-skelter .                          91.84

This is the end of the ninety first   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

92.Bharatha travels towards  Chithrakuta

(Bharatha  enquires the sage about where Rama is staying. The saint  tells him about Chithrakuta and gives him directions to reach there. Bharatha introduces his mothers to the sage and later  they all leave towards Chithrakuta.)

Thereafter greatly satisfied with the hospitality Bharatha and his men  and  after spending  the night approached  sage Bharadwaja with a desire to know about Rama.                                                        92.1
The sage who had completed the morning fire ritual  saw the tiger among men who had arrived  with folded hands and asked him.                                                                                                                          92.2
“ Oh sinless Bharatha, At our place did you pass the night pleasantly ?Please tell me whether you and your men were satisfied with the hospitality.”                                                                                           92.3
Bharatha with folded hands saluted and prostrating  that sage with matchless powers who has emerged out of his hermitage said.                                                                                                                               92.4
“Oh God like sage, I along with all my ministers with the entire army as well as beasts  are satisfied and fulfilled all our desires.”                                                                                                                                  92.5
“All of us including  even our servants freed from  fatigue and heat   were well nourished and well housed , we passed the night comfortably.”                                                                                               92.6
“Oh God like sage, oh great sage, I will take leave of you with love. And I am going to see my brother. Please look at me with friendly eyes.”                                                                                                          92.7
“Oh follower of Dharma, please tell me the location of the hermitage  of my brother who is magnanimous  and steeped in Dharma. How far is it from here and how to reach that place ?”    92.8
Enquired to like this by Bharatha   who was desiring to see his brother ,  the greatly lustrous Bharadwaja who has done great penance replied.                                                                                                          92.9
“Oh Bharatha , about seven  miles from here , through the lonely forest  with charming forests and wood lands is Chithrakuta mountain.”                                                                                                        92.10
“Once you reach its northern side  of the forest you will see the Mandakini river covered flowering trees and lovely blossoming woods.”                                                                                                                    92.11
“Oh dear child,  beyond that river is Chithrakuta mountain, and on it there is a leafy hut and it certain that both of them are living there.”                                                                                                               92.12
“Oh chief of the army, Oh great one, if you take your army consisting of horses, elephants and chariots  to the southerly direction to the south west through this path  , you will  find Rama soon there.  “ 92.13
Having heard of the particulars of their journey , the wives of the king of kings Dasaratha  got down from their chariots  and stood around that Brahmin, Bharadwaja.                                                                    92.14
Kausalya who was  thin ,  trembling ,and depressed along with Sumithra  with her hands caught the feet of that great sage .                                                                                                                                              92.15
Kaikeyi with unfulfilled desire and being despised by all the world , overcome with great shame also caught   his feet.                                                                                                                                                    92.16
Then she with reverence went round  with a depressed  heart , that   great sage  and stood not far away from Bharatha.                                                                                                                                                      92.17
Bharadwaja who was very firm in his penance  asked Bharatha, “I would like to know in detail , individually  about your mothers.”                                                                                                                    92.18
Hearing these words of the sagacious Bharadwaja , Bharatha who was  an expert in speech answered   with folded hands.                                                                                                                                               92.19
“Oh God like sage, this is  the goddess Kausalya the principal queen of my father looking   desolate  and  emaciated due to sorrow and fasting .Similar to Adhithi bearing Dhatha , she gave birth to Rama, the best among men who walks like lion.”                                                                                                 92.20-92.21
“This lady with a sorrowing mind  who resembles the branch of Karnika tree which is with withered blossoms in the middle of forest, Who leans  on the left arm  of Kausalya   is Sumithra  and  Lakshmana    and Shatrugna  who resemble the devas in beauty  and who are greatly valorous      are  her sons.”
‘She is one who lead to the destruction of life of the tiger among men and due to her King Dasaratha went to heaven , without his son by his side. She gets angry , does not know how to discriminate between good and bad , proud about her beauty , desires for wealth , is not lady like but is in the guise of a lady. She is my mother who is wicked , determined to do sinful deeds and only due to her , I am seeing this sorrow.”                                                                                                                          92.24-92.26
Saying this , the tiger among men with reddish eyes and angry like a serpent , spoke words hissing like a serpent , choked with rears  and took  laboured breath.                                                                             92.27
When Bharatha told like this to the great saint  Bharadwaja , that man with great intelligence replied to him thus.                                                                                                                                                                92.28
“Oh Bharatha , you should not impute these faults on Kaikeyi , for Rama’s travel    would lead to great pleasure in the future.”                                                                                                                                        92.29
“Due to travel of Rama ,  only  good will come to devas, asuras , sages and purified souls.”                 92.30
Bharatha after saluting him , went round him  and summoned the army and ordered them to get ready.                  
Afterwards different type of people  getting ready for the journey  harnessed excellent horse chariots   plated   with gold.                                                                                                                                                92.32
Wearing golden chains and flags both the he and she elephants  started on their journey making sounds like thunder clouds   at end of summer.                                                                                                          92.33
Carriages small and big  of various kinds  and of great value  started on their journey and infantry started  walking.                                                                                                                                                                  92.34
Thereafter Kausalya and other distinguished ladies  travelled with joy  in  great carriages with a   view to see  Rama .                                                                                                                                                            92.35
Bharatha started his journey in an auspicious palanquin shining like the morning sun as well   as the full moon  which was kept ready , with attendants preceding him.                                                                  92.36
The collection of horses, elephants and chariots and the vast army  travelled towards south  spreading like  a huge cloud that has arisen in the sky  going through forests  visited by birds and animals  and passed through mountains and streams  on to the other side  of Ganga.                                      92.37-92.38
With soldiers , horses and elephants in high spirits frightening birds and beasts Bharatha ’s  army entered the great forest  and looked splendid.                                                                                             92.39

This is the end of the ninety second   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

93.Bharatha reaches Chithrakuta and spots the hermitage  of Rama.

(Bharatha travelling   with his army reaches the Chithrakuta mountain. His army men after search locate a hut from which smoke was rising. Bharatha stopping his army there proceeds towards  the hut along with elders.)

Seeing that great army marching in the furious elephants who were leaders of herds who were  living in the forest ran off along with herds.                                                                                                                   93.1
Bears and herds of dotted deer  as well as antelopes could be seen in the stretches of forests,  mountains and  rivers.                                                                                                                                          93.2
The Dharmic Bharatha the dear son of Dasaratha  proceeded surrounded by  four divisions of the army   creating lots of sound .                                                                                                                                         93.3
The army of that great soul Bharatha which resembled waves of ocean covered the earth like clouds in rainy season.                                                                                                                                                          93.4
At that moment with large number of horses moving at a great speed  along with elephants covered the earth and earth was not visible for some time.                                                                                               93.5
The great Bharatha after travelling a long distance  , finding the people carrying his palanquin were very tired , addressing the best of advisors told.                                                                                                     93.6
“After observing the topography of the place and matching it with what  I heard from Bharadwaja , it is clear that we have reached our destination.”                                                                                                  93.7
“That is the Chithrakuta mountain and this  is the Mandakini river and at a distance we can see a forest shining like blue cloud.”                                                                                                                                        93.8
“Now the pretty  ridges  of the Chithrakuta mountains    are  being trampled by elephants which look like mountains to me.”                                                                                                                                                93.9
“The trees are shedding flowers    on  the mountain ridges  , like the dense blue black  clouds showering water    at the end of summer.”                                                                                                                       93.10
“Oh Shatrugna, see this mountain   occupied by Kinnaras  and frequented by giant crocodiles as   they exist in the ocean.”                                                                                                                                            93.11
“The sight   herds of deer  swiftly running  which were incited by the clamour  resembled  clouds of autumnal clouds being scattered by the wind.”                                                                                           93.12
“Like the people of south , the trees were adorned on their heads crown like adornments  made   of scented  flowers , which looked like brilliant clouds.”                                                                                93.13
“It appears to me that this silent forest    is  horrible looking like the town of Ayodhya thronged with crowds of people.”                                                                                                                                             93.14
“While the dust raised by the hooves  of horses in covering the forest, the wind is carrying it away  and gives me pleasure.”                                                                                                                                            93.15
“Oh Shatrugna , please notice that commanded by expert charioteers  and drawn by the  horses, these chariots are flying through  the forest.”                                                                                                         93.16
“ See the peacocks  which are delightful to look   at  are frightened and speedily entering their  see their residences.”                                                                                                                                                        93.17
“This region is greatly charming  and appears like  a road to heaven  and surely it is  the abode  of sages.”       
The he and she deer  with several spots are moving about in the  forest and they appear  as if their  hides are painted with flowers.”                                                                                                                     93.19
“Let  the soldiers  go in to the forest and search for those  two tigers among men , Rama  and Lakshmana in a proper way.”                                                                                                                                               93.20
Hearing the words men well armed entered that forest  and those people noticed  a  smoke there.
Seeing that column  of smoke , they returned to Bharatha “In a place without men, fire cannot exist  and it is clear that Rama is there.”                                                                                                                          93.22
“If it is not the son of the king , who is the destroyer  of enemies , then it must be other   saints , who are like Rama residing in the  forest.”                                                                                                                   93.23
Bharatha, who kills the army of his enemies ,  hearing these  words agreeable to   the good people , addressing the entire army told .                                                                                                                    93.24
“All of you stay here with alertness. Please do not go forward from here. I myself along with Sumanthra and our Guru Vasishta would go there.”                                                                                                       93.25
Hearing this all those assistants  halted there and Bharatha  intently saw the place    where from the smoke was  coming.”                                                                                                                                        93.26
Being halted by Bharatha , the army started gazing  in the space in their front  and became happy  because  not long before they will rejoin with their beloved Rama.                                                       93.27

This is the end of the ninety third  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

94.Rama shows the scenes of Chithrakuta mountain to Sita

(Rama takes Sita round   the Chithrakuta mountains and shows her round. He says that he enjoys his stay there)

After that Rama who resembled the devas  and  who loved the forests and mountains, having lived in that mountain for quite a long time , with a desire to make Sita happy as well as to please himself  started showing   the wonderful Chithrakuta mountains to her like Indra  did to Sachi devi.              
“Oh Auspicious Sita, when I see these pretty mountains  , being banished from the kingdom or separation from friends does not pain my mind.”                                                                                       94.3
“Oh dear , you may please see this mountain which has large flocks of birds of different kinds  and its peaks with minerals standing as if   they are piercing the sky.”                                                                  94.4
“Decorated by minerals , this king of the mountains , has some parts shining like silver , some areas with blood red colour , some sparkle with luster of gems , some shine like the flower of Ketaka plant  and some areas   shining  like Mercury. “                                                                                                       94.5-94.6
“This mountain which is blessed with several type of birds , has also many type of animals like  tigers, panthers  and bears which have given up their  cruel nature.”                                                                   94.7
This mountain is  covered  with several  kinds of flowering trees and  fruit trees , shady and enchanting, mango, rose-apples, Asanas, Lodhras, Priyalas, Jackfruit trees, Dhavas, Ankolas, lovely Tinisas, Bilva trees, Tinduka and bamboo, Kashmaya, Arishta and Varana, Madhukas, Tilaka trees, Badari and Myrobalan trees, Nipa trees, cane, Danvas, and promegranate trees and this  the mountain looks splendid. “                                                                                                                                                     94.8-94.10
“Oh pleasant lady, see the very dear Kinnaras  in pairs  on these  mountain plateaus who cause thrill to those who see them.”                                                                                                                                        94.11
“Please see the sporting retreats  of pretty Vidhyadhara women, whose swords   and  best garments are hanging on trees.”                                                                                                                                               94.12
“This mountain has streams running here and there  and water springs sprouting from the earth which emits ichors like elephants  and are shining.”                                                                                               94.13
“The breeze  from the caves is carrying the fragrance which is produced by many types of flowers  which satisfy the smell . Who will not be pleased with  that?”                                                                              94.14
“Oh flawless one  , even if I am to live many autumns here with you and Lakshmana , I will not be sad.”
“Oh lovely one  , I am enchanted by these peaks on the mountain crowded with several flowers and fruits  as well as flocked by different type of birds.”                                                                                    94.16
“By   living in this  forest  there are two advantages, discharge of the debt of  dharma of my father and giving happiness   to Bharatha.”                                                                                                                       94.17
“Oh Vaidehi are you enjoying  seeing of various objects , along with me in this mountain  which gives  happiness to the mind and body?”                                                                                                                  94.18
“My great grand fathers  of olden times who are no more  and  who were royal sages  used to say that  for a king living in the forest is as tasty as nectar.”                                                                                      94.19
“Hundreds of  very huge rocks of  these mountains are shining in blue, black, yellow, white    and red colours.”                                                                                                                                                               94.20
“Thousands of herbs of this king of the  mountains, shine in the night with their own luster  and look like flames of fire.”                                                                                                                                                     94.21
“Oh pretty one , some parts of the mountain look like dwellings. Some parts look like pretty gardens and some parts like a single rock.”                                                                                                                           94.22
“This Chithrakuta mountain appears as if it has arisen up by splitting the earth  and its shining peaks looks auspicious from all directions.”                                                                                                               94.23
“See those couches for lovers made by accumulation of Kushta, Sthagara , BHurja and Pannaga leaves over which lotus petals are spread.”                                                                                                                94.24
“Oh lady, see those lotus garlands worn , crushed and cast aside by lovers and many fruits eaten by them   and lying there.”                                                                                                                                       94.25
“With its abundance of roots, flowers and water  this mountain resembles Vasaukasara  the capital city of Khubera, Nalini, the garden of Khubera   and  the land of Utharakuru.”                                               94.26
“Oh lady, this time when I am able to wander along with you and Lakshmana  and following the path of virtuous  men , increases the dharma towards my clan  and I shall obtain great pleasure of entertainment .”                                                                                                                                                  94.27

This is the end of the ninety fourth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

95.Rama Takes Sita round Mandakini river

(Rama then takes Sita , near the river Mandakini and shows her round   the pretty scenes. He says that this place is better than Ayodhya.)

Afterwards getting down from the mountain Rama along with Sita , showed her , the charming auspicious water  of river Mandakini.                                                                                                               95.1
The lotus   eyed Rama told the broad hipped daughter of king of Videha who had a  pretty   full moon like face.                                                                                                                                                                  95.2
“Look at this Mandakini with varied type of sand banks, lotus flowers and see the Geese and swans   swimming in it.”                                                                                                                                                     95.3
“See this sparkling  river with trees laden with fruits and flowers growing  everywhere on its banks  resembling the lake Nalini  of the king of kings.”                                                                                            95.4
“Just now the water has been drunk by herds of deer , descending in to the river  through landing places   and making it turbid and this gives me great pleasure.”                                                                               95.5
“Darling , the sages adorned with matted locks , wearing skin and bark as upper cloth are   immersing in river Mandakini at the   appointed time.”                                                                                                       95.6
“Oh broad eyed one, some other sages with rigid austerities  are worshipping the sun God   lifting their arms .”                                                                                                                                                                   95.7
“With all tree tops swaying in the wind and shedding their  leaves and flowers   , the entire mountain seems to be dancing.”                                                                                                                                        95.8
“At some places the water of the river is clear   as the  crystal,  at some other places it has shining sand dunes  and at other places crowded   with sages.”                                                                                       95.9
“See the heaps of flowers fallen from trees shaken by the wind  and other large masses of flowers floating in the middle  of the river.”                                                                                                               95.10
“Oh Lady who does good, oh sweet voiced one , the Chakravaka birds are cooing in sweet voice and are alighting on the heaps of flowers.”                                                                                                                 95.11
“Oh lovely one,  Viewing the Mandakini river and Chithrakuta mountain your presence , I consider , is more pleasant than living in Ayodhya.”                                                                                                          95.12
“The Sidhas  endowed with penance, self restraint  and peace  are completely washed of all their sins by taking bath  in this agitated water. You may enter its waters  with me.”                                                 95.13
“Oh pretty Sita, you may enter the river Mandakini with red lotuses and white lotuses submerged  in it .
“Oh lady , imagine always that these  wild animals are the citizens, Chithrakuta as Ayodhya and this Mandakini river as Sarayu river.”                                                                                                                    95.15
“Oh Vaidehi, the soul of Dharma Lakshmana   obeys all my wishes and you  also favour all my wishes, causing lot of pleasure to me.”                                                                                                                    95.16
“Bathing thrice at the time of ritual prayers , partaking honey, fruits as well as roots  in your company, I do not wish for Ayodhya  or the kingdom.”                                                                                                 95.17
“This pretty river is blessed   with lots of deer. Elephants, lion and monkeys come to drink water  in it. It is decorated with  plants in full bloom. There does not exist any other place which removes fatigue like   this one.”                                                                                                                                                               95.18
Like this Rama  the perpetuator  of the clan of Raghu , talked of many aspects about this river in the company of his beloved and they both wandered in the Chithrakuta  mountains , resembling the hue of the collyrium.                                                                                                                                                        95.19

This is the end of the ninety fifth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

96. Rama hears the sound  in the forest , Lakshmana sees Bharatha ’s  and is agitated.

(There was  a great disturbance in the forest because of the sound created by marching army ,Lakshmana finds out that it is due to  Bharatha ‘s army . He gets agitated thinking  that Bharatha is coming to kill them.)

Having shown Sita , the princess  of Mithila  the river and the mountain  and gratifying her   with meat  , Rama sat on the mountain slope.                                                                                                                       96.1
The soul of Dharma , Rama told Sita who was seated with him, “This sacred meat  has been roasted in fire and made in to savory.”                                                                                                                               96.2
When they were sitting like this, the sound and dust   raised by the approaching army reached the sky.                        
When this was  going on,  greatly scared  by  the great sound  and getting afflicted , the  baffled leader  of elephants herds   started  running along with their herds.                                                                       96.4
Rama heard the great sound generated by the army  and saw   the leaders of elephant herds  fleeing away .                                                                                                                                                                       96.5
Seeing the beasts running away and hearing the sound , Rama addressed Lakshmana  , the son of Sumithra   who was bursting    with energy.                                                                                                     96.6
“What a great surprise, Lakshmana  who is the worthy son of Sumithra, I am hearing fearful and tumultuous rumbling sounds of clouds .Please see.”                                                                                      96.7
‘”Herds of elephants in the forests , buffaloes in great  woods  and wild animals frightened by lion are running  here and there.”                                                                                                                                     96.8  
“Has any king or prince come in this forest for hunting  or has any other ferocious  animal  entered in to the  forest. It is proper that you find out.”                                                                                                    96.9
“Oh Lakshmana this mountain is  difficult  to enter  even for the  birds and it is only proper  that you find out  exactly the reason for this.”                                                                                                                        96.10  
That Lakshmana hurried climbed a tall flowering Sala tree and glanced in every direction and  first examined the east side.                                                                                                                                       96.11
And then seeing to the north   , he saw a vast army consisting of chariots , horses and elephants , with well equipped   foot soldiers .                                                                                                                             96.12 
After having told Rama about the army  decorated with chariots with flags  and teeming with horses and elephants , he said the following words.                                                                                                         96.13
“Oh gentle Rama, put off the fire , let Sita take refuge in a cave , put on the armour and get ready with   your arrows and bows.                                                                                                                                     96.14
The tiger among men Rama replied to Lakshmana  “Oh son of Sumithra , look carefully at the army. Whom do you think it belongs?”                                                                                                                       96.15
When Rama told him like this Lakshmana who was raging like a fire  and  wanted to reduce that army in to ashes   replied.                                                                                                                                                 96.16
It is evident that the son of Kaikeyi  after being consecrated  and  endowed with  the prosperity , desiring the kingdom to be clearly his, is coming to slay both of us.                                                                         96.17
“On the top of the chariot there is a huge shining flag with the picture of a huge Kovidara  tree  with huge trunk .”                                                                                                                                                         96.18
“This great tree with a very large  trunk and with many branches is the Kovidara  and is on that flag of the chariots of that army.”                                                                                                                                  96.19
“Those people who have mounted their horses are running swiftly  and following their flags. And  those people who are riding on the elephant look cheerful.”                                                                                96.20
“Let us take hold of our bows and stand on this mountain or let us stay fully prepared   for the battle  here itself.”                                                                                                                                                            96.21
“Oh Rama, will the Kovidara flag come in to our possession in this war? Will I be able to see Bharatha who has   been the reason for this bad state of me, you and Sita?”                                                           96.22
“Oh valorous Rama, that valorous Bharatha on whose account you were perpetually banished   from the kingdom has come here as a foe. And it appears to me that he should be slain.”                                  96.23
“Oh Rama, I do not see  any fault in killing Bharatha . Killing someone who has caused to harm to us earlier is not against Dharma.”                                                                                                                          96.24
“Oh Rama. Earlier Bharatha has  not bothered about Dharma and caused you harm and when such a person is slain, you will rule this earth.”                                                                                                          96.25
“Let Kaikeyi who desires to have the kingdom, see her son being slain by me in the battle , like a  tree is being harmed by the elephant.”                                                                                                                      96.26
“I shall also kill Kaikeyi along with her attendants and relatives and let the earth get rid of this  great blot today.”                                                                                                                                                                   96.27
“Oh One with honour, let me get rid of my suppressed anger and dishonour today  and offer this army of enemies , like thickets to the fire.”                                                                                                                 96.28
“Today I will wet the forests  of Chithrakuta with the bloodshed by the enemies when I slay them  with sharpened arrows,”                                                                                                                                           96.29
“Let the wild animals of these forests drag the elephants and horses  , whose hearts are pierced by my arrows.”                                                                                                                                                              96.30
“By killing the armies of Bharatha in this great  forest , without any doubt I shall discharge  the debts to my arrows.”                                                                                                                                                       96.31

This is the end of the ninety sixth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

97. Rama tells Lakshmana that Bharatha  has come to give back the kingdom

(Rama  tells Lakshmana that  Bharatha has come there to take them back to Ayodhya. Since the white flag of their father  is not seen they conclude  that their father  has not cpme.)

After that Rama pacified  the son of Sumithra    who was outrageously angry and  greatly agitated  and told him the following.                                                                                                                                      97.1
“When the very intelligent Bharatha holding a great bow has come here , where is the need for a bow , shield or sword?”                                                                                                                                                97.2
“After giving a promise to my father , if I kill Bharatha who has come here , what will I do with the kingdom along with   imputations of bad conduct?”                                                                                    97.3
“I shall not accept the declining wealth got by destroying  my friends and relatives , since it is like eating the food mixed with poison.”                                                                                                                           97.4
“Oh Lakshmana, I seek Dharma, legitimate wealth and pleasure  and this kingdom  only for your sake  and I am swearing this by my sword.”                                                                                                              97.5
“Oh Lakshmana I am seeking this kingdom  for drawing together my brothers as well as for their pleasure. I swear this by the weapons that I am holding.”                                                                          97.6
“Of soft natured one , this earth dressed by oceans is not at all difficult  for me to get, but I do not want even the position Of Indra by means which is against Dharma.”                                                                 97.7
“Oh one with respect, Without Bharatha, yourself and Shatrugna , if there is even a little happiness for me , let it  be reduced to ash by fire.”                                                                                                              97.8
“Oh valorous one , Oh best among men, Bharatha who loves his brothers  and is dearer than life to me ,after returning to Ayodhya  must have learnt that me , you and Sita wearing antelope skin and matted locks have been banished, remembering the duties   of his race , with love and mind filled with distress  and agitated senses has arrived here to see me and I do not think he has come for any other reason.”
“After getting angry and talking harsh unpalatable  words to his mother Kaikeyi  and after pleasing our father , has come here to give the kingdom to me.”                                                                                     97.12
“That Bharatha has come here to see us thinking that it is an appropriate time  and never ever thought of bringing  harm to us.”                                                                                                                                   97.13
“Why are you not liking Bharatha? Has he done any harm to you? Has he threatened you any time  in the past.?”                                                                                                                                                           97.14
“You should not talk harsh words  or    words of hatred  against Bharatha .If you talk any unpalatable words against him, I would think that they are directed against me.”                                                     97.15
“Oh son of Sumithra, whatever may be the calamity  would a son kill his father and how can a brother kill his own brother , whom he loves  like life?”                                                                                           97.16
“Suppose you are speaking these words for the sake of the kingdom, on seeing Bharatha, I would ask him to give the kingdom to you.”                                                                                                                    97.17
“Oh Lakshmana, if I tell Bharatha, “Give this kingdom to Lakshmana”   , he would  on hearing it would see “So be it.”                                                                                                                                                      97.18
Hearing the words of his brother steeped in Dharma , for the sake of welfare of his brother, entered in to his own body with sense of shame.                                                                                                           97.19
Having heard the words of Rama, Lakshmana felt ashamed and said, “I think that it is our father   who has come to see  us.”                                                                                                                                         97.20
Seeing that Lakshmana was ashamed  , Rama   said to him, “I also think that the mighty armed Dasaratha  has come here to see us.”                                                                                                                                97.21
“Or else thinking   that  we are accustomed  to life   which is pleasant , he must have come to take us back  to our home.”                                                                                                                                            97.22
“Our good father  of the Raghu clan,  this lady Vaidehi who has been brought up in luxurious surroundings  from the forest.”                                                                                                                        97.23
“Oh valorous one , those are the    great horses which are thoroughbred , pretty  and having the speed of wind, which are shining .”                                                                                                                            97.24
“There is that aged  elephant Satrunjaya   which is moving in front of the army , which belongs to our sagacious father .”                                                                                                                                              97.25
“Oh mighty one, But I do not see   the white flag of  our father , which is respected by the people   of the world, which makes doubt arise in my mind.”                                                                                              97.26
“Oh Lakshmana, please do as I say and climb down from the tree.” Thus told  the soul of Dharma Rama to the son of Sumithra .                                                                                                                                     97.27
The conqueror of the enemy got down from the Sala tree  and having got down stood with folded hands near Rama.                                                                                                                                                          97.28
When Bharatha instructed the army not to crowd the hermitage , the army encamped around the mountain.                                                                                                                                                            97.29
The army of Ikshuvaku clan  thronged with horses , elephants and chariots moved away half a yojana(one mile)  and encamped by the side of the mountain.                                                                97.30
That army   which was brought by Bharatha , following Dharma and leaving aside pride , with a view to please Rama, the descendent of Raghu clan, shined.                                                                                 97.31

This is the end of the ninety seventh  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

98.Bharatha spots Rama’s  hut

(Methodically Bharatha   searches for the residence of Rama and after great search   spots a hut from which  smoke is coming out. He concludes that it is Rama ‘s residence and goes towards it with Guha.)

That Bharatha the best among  those who walk with two feet after encamping his army , as per what he has been told  by his father  approached Rama on foot.                                                                             98.1
After encamping the army   and assuring that the army would not transgress  its limits , Bharatha   told Shatrugna.                                                                                                                                                             98.2
“Oh soft one, it is only proper for us to examine this forest carefully and quickly in company    of the hunters and other people .”                                                                                                                               98.3
“Let Guha  along with thousand people of our clan  all armed with bow and arrow  explore the forest for the presence of Rama.”                                                                                                                                        98.4
“I myself surrounded  with ministers , citizens,  teachers and Brahmins  shall move about in the forest  on foot.”                                                                                                                                                                 98.5
“I shall not get peace till I am able to find the very powerful Rama,  the strong Lakshmana     as well as  Sita.”                                                                                                                                                                        98.6
“Till such time as I see Rama with a moon like face  , lotus like eyes  and an auspicious looks,  I will not be able to find peace .”                                                                                                                                              98.7
“Till I catch hold of the feet of Rama  bearing the signs of royalty on his head and saluting him with my head , I will not be able to attain peace .”                                                                                                      98.8
“Till he gets the kingdom , which was inherited from my father and grandfather    and for  which he deserves  and he I is anointed with water   as its king, I will not get peace.”                                              98.9
“The son of Sumithra is indeed blessed , because he is seeing  highly shining Rama who has a face as pure as the moon, who has eyes resembling red lotus flowers .”                                                              98.10
“Vaidehi  the daughter of Janaka who has greatly luck and who has accomplished her task  for she has been following her husband who is the lord of earth bounded by ocean.”                                              98.11
“Rama  is living on Chithrakuta mountain which is like the Himalaya  mountains , like Khubera in Nandana garden  and how fortunate is that mountain .”                                                                             98.12
“The lustrous Rama , who is foremost among the people who wield weapons  is living in this forest frequented by wild animals and so this forest sacred.”                                                                                98.13
Saying this  the greatly lustrous , best among men and very strong  Bharatha  entered the great forest  on foot alone.                                                                                                                                                       98.14
That great expert in speech Bharatha  went through  the mountain slopes  with large number of trees  with their crowns in full bloom.                                                                                                                        98.15
Going near the  sala tree at the top of Chithrakuta mountains , he saw the  banner of smoke arising from the fire place of Rama’s  hermitage.                                                                                                               98.16
That great Bharatha along with his relatives after seeing that smoke concluded that Rama was living there  and  became as happy as a man who reached  the other shore of the river.                              98.17
That great Bharatha  having heard that Chithrakuta mountain houses many sages , ordered his army to stay at a distance and went towards Rama’s hermitage along with Guha.                                            98.18

This is the end of the ninety eighth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

99.Bharatha meets Rama

9Bharatha first identifies the hut by several symbols and then sees Rama with a matted hair and wearing bark cloths sitting. He crying salutes him. Rama hugs him and Shatrugna   with love.)

After encamping the army , Bharatha  showed the   way to Shatrugna  and eagerly     went to see  his  brother.                                                                                                                                                                   99.1
Bharatha who respects elders requested sage Vasishta    to bring his mothers     and  proceeded    very quickly .                                                                                                                                                                    99.2
Sumanthra who was also impatient to see  Rama  like Bharatha   , followed Shatrugna  not far   behind .
After the majestic  Bharatha   while walking towards the leafy hut  of his brother in the solitude  of  ascetics  saw the thatched  cottage.                                                                                                                 99.4
In front of the hut Bharatha    saw chopped logs of wood   as well as flowers    which have  been plucked.
He who was proceeding    to the hermitage  to see  Rama and Lakshmana, here and there saw stripped pieces   of Kusa grass  and strips of wood tied on the tree   to indicate the path.                                  99.6
He also  saw in the forest  large quantities  of  heaps of dried dung of deer and bison , which can be used to heat themselves in cold.                                                                                                                               99.7
That mighty lustrous  one, seeing all these signs of residence was greatly rejoiced and spoke   to Shatrugna  and other ministers  who were  surrounding him.                                                                        99.8
“We must have reached the place described   by sage Bharadwaja    and river Mandakini  is flowing not far from here.”                                                                                                                                                   99.9
“Here long lengths of bark garments have been tied high up   so that , at times people can identify   the path .”                                                                                                                                                                  99.10
“This is the place where large tusked mighty elephants  are trumpeting and charging    at each other.” 
“ This black trail of smoke   is seen from  the hermitage of those ascetics living  in the forest   who alone  wish  to maintain the perpetual fire .”                                                                                                            99.12
“Here I will see  Rama, the tiger among men , who wishes to honour elders,   who is a gentleman, who is joyful and who looks likes sages.”                                                                                                                    99.13
In a short time that Bharatha reached the Chithrakuta mountains  as well as the river Mandakini and he then told his  ministers.                                                                                                                                      99.14
“That tiger among men , having reached this secluded forest , is sitting on a yogic posture on the bare ground . Oh fie upon life.”                                                                                                                                   99.15
“That lord of men  Rama, with very great luster has reached this state  because of me and is living in the forest after giving up all desires.”                                                                                                                      99.16
“Like this being hated by the world , I would fall at the feet of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana   seeking their grace .”                                                                                                                                                                    99.17
Bharatha lamenting in this way noticed  in that forest an excellent, sacred and enchanting hermitage  covered with abundance of leaves of Sala, palmyra and Aswakarna trees with  a sacrificial altar spread with soft kusa grass. Bows, plaited on the back with gold and resembling Indra’s thunderbolt  which was  powerful, capable of achieving great exploits and oppressing the enemies, adorned the hut. Arrows glittering like the rays of the sun, which looked terrible  , with burning  heads and stored in quivers adorned it like the hooded serpents illumining the city of Bhogavati (in nether world). A pair of swords in scabbards made of excellent silver, two shields of different colours with golden spots, finger-guards made of skin of iguana decorated with gold were hanging there. It was impregnable to enemy hordes like a cave of lion to the deer.                                                                                                               99.18-99.23
Bharatha saw in Rama ‘s residence a broad  divine  altar  of fire sloping towards  north east.            99.24
When he examined the hut , he noticed his elder brother Rama , who was sitting there with  matted hair.                                                                                                                                                                       99.25
Rama who was the lord of earth bounded  by  the sea , was like a blazing   fire  , seated    dressed in antelope skin and bark of wood , with shoulders like lion and he was mighty armed, with eyes resembling white lotus . He looked like the perennial protector  of Dharma  like the creator Brahma  and Sita and Lakshmana were seated by his side on grass strewn on the   earth.                                99.26-99.28
Having seen that gentle Bharatha , who was the son of Kaikeyi  and the soul of Dharma,  who was drowned in sorrow and grief rushed towards Rama.                                                                                     99.29
Seeing him wailing and voice choked with tears and though he was not able to speak , with courage  he said these  words.                                                                                                                                                 99.30
“He , my elder brother who should sit in the royal   assembly  attended   by  ministers and his subjects  is being  surrounded by the animals in the forest.”                                                                                           99.31
“That great Rama who is the follower of Dharma  who is accustomed to wear thousands of cloths now  wears  only   two pieces  of deer skin.”                                                                                                        99.32
“How does  Rama who used to wear   many  coloured  flowers able to bear the weight of the matted hairs?”                                                                                                                                                                99.33
“That Rama who used to accumulate  Dharma by performance of various Yagnas , is now accumulating it by  getting his body   tired.”                                                                                               99.34
“How , can he who used to coat his body with very precious sandal paste, is able to bear   it being coated with  mud?”                                                                                                                                                          99.35
“Rama has fallen in to this  great misfortune  because of me  and  bad behaviour with him I am condemned by the world, fie on me.”                                                                                                             99.36
Crying like this with his face  becoming like a  faded lotus flower  and with sweat gushing out of him, he further wailed and without reaching  the feet of Rama   fell down.                                                        99.37
The very strong  prince Bharatha  becoming jaded with sorrow could only say , “My great brother “  and
 he was not able  to talk anything  further.                                                                                                    99.38
On seeing the glorious Rama  with a sob choked throat  he cried Oh gentle one  ,  and he was not able to talk further.                                                                                                                                                         99.39
Shatrugna also cried and fell at Rama ‘s feet  and Rama embraced both of them  and shed tears.   99.40
The two princes(Rama and Lakshmana) met with Sumanthra and Guha,  and it liked the sun and the moon met  Guru(Jupiter) and Shukra(Venus) .                                                                                               99.41
Seeing the princes resembling  the power of herds of elephants  in the forest , the inhabitants  of the forest  shed tears in great distress.                                                                                                                   99.42

This is the end of the ninety ninth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

100.Rama enquires about ruling of kingdom of Ayodhya.

(Rama enquires about various aspects of ruling of the kingdom. These also teach how to rule the kingdom.)

Seeing Rama with matted locks and dressed in cloths  of bark, Bharatha fell on the ground  in salutation and  like   the Sun at the time  deluge , it was impossible  to see him.                                                   100.1
Rama with great difficulty recognized , his emaciated brother Bharatha  with pale looks and having recognized him caught hold his arm and lifted him up.                                                                             100.2
Having kissed him on the head Rama also hugged him  and made him sit on his lap  and with composed  mind  enquired.                                                                                                                                                   100.3
“Oh child , you have come to forest and where does our father live? It is not proper for you to come to the forest while he is still living.                                                                                                                       100.4
“I have come to a very long distance in to this forest and after a long time, I am seeing you .Oh Bharatha,  why have you come  with emaciated limbs in to   this forest.”                                                                  100.5
“Oh child , when you came here, was Dasaratha  our father  , alive and in good health? Did he depart from this world due to great dejection?”                                                                                                      100.6
“Oh soft  natured one, being  sad I hope you have not lost the stability of the kingdom ?I hope you have not lost the trust of the people ?Dear Child , I am hoping that you are doing service to our father who is  valorous in truth?”                                                                                                                                            100.7
“I   hope the king Dasaratha is true to his promise and he is performing Yagas like Aswamedha and Rajasooya  and has determined to observe Dharma.   “                                                                               100.8
“Oh lad,  I hope that you are honouring Brahmins, learned people, people who daily observe Dharma, , people of great luster and the teachers of Ikshuvaku clan.”                                                                      100.9
“Oh lad I hope that Kausalya and Sumithra are  happy being honoured by citizens and  the honoured Lady Kaikeyi is happy.”                                                                                                                                     100.10
“I  hope you are honoring  the priest (Suyagna son of Vasishta)   who is  famous , of a noble family , not envious and person with great humility.”                                                                                                      100.11
“I hope that a intelligent Brahmin learned in rituals and just , who is employed to protect   the sacred fires informs you in time about it and feeds the fire with oblations in time.”                                       100.12
“Oh lad, I hope that you honour the gods , your ancestors, your teachers , your aged father, doctors   as well as Brahmins.”                                                                                                                                             100.13
“Oh lad, I hope you treat with respect Sudhanva , your teacher in archery  , who is well versed in upkeep of arrows and bows as well as in political economy.”                                                                                100.14
“I hope the ministers  who are equal in valour to you and who  are learned and are able to control their senses  and are born in noble families and  skilled in interpretation of signs are assigned to you.” 100.15
“Oh Bharatha, proper advise is the main source of victory  of kings , which are given in secret by great ministers  who are well versed in Sasthras.”                                                                                                100.16
“I hope you do not become a slave to sleep and are able to wake up at the proper time .I hope you think about appropriateness  of an action late  at night.”                                                                                    100.17
“I hope you do not analyze a problem alone nor do it with large number of people .I hope these analysis or  consultations   with ministers does not reach the people before  decision is taken.”                  100.18
“Oh Bharatha, I hope , you  execute your actions speedily , after determining  its  cost (need) and benefit for large number of people.”                                                                                                           100.19
“I hope the other kings know about you plans after   they are implemented  and those which are properly completed but not those you have planned.”                                                                               100.20
“Oh lad, I hope others do not know  about your discussions and strategies or enquiries  with your ministers  which you have not made known  .”                                                                                            100.21
“I hope you desire to consult one wise man rather than one thousand fools , for a wise man would be able  to take decision on difficult matters  to your advantage.”                                                                100.22
“If a king employs one thousand fools or even ten thousand of them , he will not get  any real help    from them.”                                                                                                                                                         100.23
“Even a single bold, intelligent , skilful  and discerning minister can bring  great prosperity  to a king or one  rules a kingdom.”                                                                                                                                       100.24
“I  hope you have employed most efficient people to do most important jobs , mediocre people for  jobs of medium importance , people  of inferior intellect to do  unimportant jobs.”                                  100.25
“I hope you are choosing ministers who do not  give way to temptations  , who have high integrity , whose father and forefathers were ministers  and  who are  eminent  for attending to superior tasks.” 
“Oh son of Kaikeyi , I hope that your ministers   would not permit citizens to be terrorized  with excessive punishment .”                                                                                                                                    100.27
“I hope the priests  in charge of performing sacrifice,  do not hold you in contempt  for  receiving unmerited(terrible)  gifts like a women holding contempt men with great lust.”                                 100.28
“All educated expert tricksters, warriors who are  greatly passionate for wealth and those who  corrupt the mind of servants   to rebel against the master , would destroy the king and so  should be killed.”
“I hope you have appointed a man as commander in chief, who is contended, brave, intelligent m steadfast , honest , thoroughbred  devoted and efficient.”                                                                     100.30
“ I hope you honour those great soldiers who are strong, skilled in warfare , who were responsible for heroic deeds  and courageous.”                                                                                                                     100.31
“I hope you properly feed your army  and give them suitable wages   when they are due without any delay whatsoever.”                                                                                                                                            100.32
“It has been told in the scriptures that if the  wages and compensation   for the servants are unduly delayed, they would turn against the master and calamity would result.”                                             100.33
“I hope all men  of good birth  are loyal to you  and I hope that those men of steady mind would be prepared to sacrifice their life  for your cause.”                                                                                           100.34 
“Oh Bharatha , I hope you have chosen an efficient and intelligent  man who belongs to our folk, who is an intellectual  , a realist and an expert   , as your representative(ambassador/messenger) .” 100.35
“I hope you gather intelligence using three spies each who cannot be recognized  , about,  eighteen important officers of the enemy and fifteen of  your side.”                                                             100.36
“oh killer of enemies , I hope you are alert  about all enemies  who were defeated by you and gone back , especially the   weak ones.”                                                                                                                   100.37
“Oh lad, I hope you do not serve those Brahmins , who are this worldly , think that they are  the only great ones and bother   only about themselves since they are sure to bring disaster.”                  100.38
“These bad brained ones having acquired futile knowledge   relating to science and logic , unnecessarily enter in to arguments  , even though the Dharma Sasthras   are existing.”                                   100.39
“Oh Lad. I am hoping that you are protecting Ayodhya, formerly inhabited by our ancestors  , and true to its name( that which cannot be conquered) with sturdy gates , crowded by elephants, horses and chariots, inhabited by thousands of Brahmins  who are busy with their rituals , who have full control over their sense organs  who are highly energetic and venerable, by Kshatriyas and Vaisyas engaged  in their own professions , surrounded by palaces of every kind, thronged by very learned people with availability of anything that is needed.”                                                                                         100.40-100.42
“Oh Bharatha , I hope  the villages  are adorned with hundreds of altars , filled with abundantly peaceful people , shining with temples, free water storages for distribution, filled  with happy men and women, with  many community festivals , well tilled land,  with lots of cattle, totally free of cruelties , pretty  lands exclusively dependent  on rain  which is kept free of pests , which  land is also  free of  the fear uncertainties, studded with mines of various mineral ores, which villages are free of destitute and sinful people , well protected by our forefathers,  and full of abodes filled with prosperity    and happiness.”
“Oh lad, I trust that all those depending on agriculture and Animal husbandry are favourable to you , for the happiness  of the world depends  on their efforts.”                                                                           100.47
“I hope you are helping to maintain and protect   their efforts and prevent adversities for them. The king protects according his Dharma all people living   in his kingdom.”                                                         100.48
“I hope you pacify women as well give them good protection. I hope you are not trusting them completely or share   any secrets with them.”                                                                                           100.49
“I hope you protect  the elephants in the forest   and I hope there are she elephants there .I hope you have large number of mares  and you are not contented with their number.”                                  100.50
“I hope you rise up very early and also see daily and present yourself well adorned  to the people of  the great avenue .”                                                                                                                                                 100.51
“I hope that the servants do not present themselves  directly to you. I hope that they do not stay far away due to fear of you. It is better  that you follow a middle course.”                                               100.52
“I hope that all forts are provided with wealth , grains and water. I hope that they are provided with complete machines of war  and craftsmen   to repair it  and also  have men armed with  bow.”    100.53
“Oh Bharatha, I hope that your revenue is abundant  and expenditure is much less . I hope that your treasury is not put under control of undeserving persons.”                                                                     100.54
“I hope you are   spending only on Gods , ancestors, Brahmins, guests , warriors and your hoard  of friends.”                                                                                                                                                              100.55
“I hope a pure hearted man  who is venerable and honest  who is accused of unworthy act is  not slain  out of avarice without consulting scholars well  versed in scriptures.”                                                  100.56
“Oh best among men, a thief who is caught at time of  the stealing ,  accused and interrogated  is not set free due to avarice of money , if there is sufficient   evidence.”                                                              100.57
“Oh Bharatha, I hope that your ministers   are  well informed and  behave without partiality towards a rich man or a poor  man who is suffering.”                                                                                                  100.58
“Oh Bharatha, the tears of those who are falsely accused  and commanded  by the king for the sake  of getting pleasure , would destroy his sons as well as cattle.”                                                                   100.59
“Oh Bharatha I hope you handle children, old people  and learned people  with gift, affection and kind words, so that   those groups would thrive.”                                                                                             100.60
“I am hoping that you treat with respect your gurus, old people, sages , gods, guests , temples , great people    and Brahmins.”                                                                                                                                 100.61
“I am hoping  that you are not destroying Dharma for the sake of property, not destroying prosperity for words of flattery   and not destroying both for the sake of sensual enjoyment.”                               100.62
“Oh Bharatha, you are a victor , chosen one , expert in allocation of time and granter of wishes and I hope  you are attending to Dharma, Artha and Kama  by allocating sufficient time for each.”        100.63
“Oh Very intelligent one who has understood the meaning  of  all Sasthras , I hope the Brahmins and other citizens of our kingdom are seeking   your welfare.”                                                                      100.64
“I hope you are avoiding the fourteen draw backs  of a king viz. atheism, propensity to tell lies, anger , listless attention, laziness, avoiding wise people, lethargy , gratification of the five senses , planning the matters regarding state  alone, consultation in people  who are experts in worthless acts , failure to carry out acts which has  been already decided , inability to keep advice received as secret  , not doing auspicious acts , and making preparations for an unpractical war.                                       100.65-100.67
"O, the very wise Bharatha ,  I hope you understand the following and deal them properly the ten evils(1); the five kinds of fortifications(2); the four expedients(3); the seven limbs of state(4); the eight evils (born of anger) the three objects of human pursuit(5); the three branches of learning(6) subjugation of the senses, the six strategic expedients(7); adversity brought about by divine agencies(8); and by human agencies(9); the twenty types of monarchies(10); and the entire population of the kingdom, setting about an expedition, drawing up an army in a battle-array and the two bases viz, peace and war.”
(Not clear to me. I have reproduced   it from another translation.)                                100.68-100.70
“I believe that you are   consulting with three or four ministers separately as well   as combined in complete secrecy , as laid in Sasthras.”                                                                                               100.71
“I think reading of Vedas is good for you  . I hope your actions teach you to do better. I hope your wife serves you fruitfully. I hope you learn good things from what you hear.”                                     100.72
“Oh Bharatha, I hope that whatever I have told you is agreeing with your own thought process  and would lead to fame, Dharma, Artha and Kama.”                                                                                 100.73
“I hope you are following the principles followed by our father and our ancestors , because those auspicious principles will lead you  in the path of Dharma.”                                                             100.74
“Oh Bharatha, I hope you do not  eat food that is deliciously prepared all alone , but you share it with those  friends   who desire for that food.”                                                                                              100.75 
“That king of great intelligence ,  who acquires the entire earth   and  rules the earth with Dharma, punishes the people according to tradition , after his death will reach  the heaven after death.”

This is the end of the hundredth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

101.Bharatha tells about death of Dasaratha

(Bharatha tells Rama that   according to Dharma, he is not fit to rule and asks him to return. He also
Tells him about the death of Dasaratha, their father.)

After hearing the words of Rama, Bharatha   replied, “When I am bereft of Dharma, how am I concerned with royal Dharma?”                                                                                                                                            101.1
“Oh best of men, there exists a permanent Dharma in our clan that when the elder son is alive the younger son never becomes the king.”                                                                                                             101.2
“So oh Rama,  return with me to the prosperous Ayodhya , and consecrate yourself   as king for the good of our clan.”                                                                                                                                                           101.3
“People consider king as another man but I consider him as God, because such a king  along with Dharma and Artha   is beyond the definition of humanness.”                                                              101.4
“When I was in Kekaya and when you had come to the forest , the revered , virtuous, esteemed king who  was fit to do fire sacrifices  went to the heaven.”                                                                          101.5
“As soon as you left along with Sita and Lakshmana , the king who was affected by sorrow and grief  , went to heaven.”                                                                                                                                           101.6
“Oh tiger among men, arise and offer the ritualistic libations with water  to father,. Me and Shatrugna have already offered  such libations.”                                                                                                         101.7
“Oh Rama, whatever has been offered with love becomes eternal in the world of manes and so  as you are most loved by father , please offer  such libations.”                                                                          101.8
“Sorrowing about  and not being able to see you  and keeping his mind  fixed  only on you and nothing else and remembering you, our father went  to heaven.”                                                                      101.9

This is the end of the hundred and one  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

102.Rama offers libation to his father

(Rama along with Sita and Lakshmana  went to Mandakini river and offered water libations. Then he offered Pinda to his father  using a fruit cake and juice ,. When all of them were crying many of the people of the army rushed there  and consoled  Rama.)

Hearing these words of anguish , uttered by Bharatha relating to the death of his father, Rama lost his consciousness.                                                                                                                                                    102.1
The destroyer of enemies Rama,  hearing the thunderbolt like words  of Bharatha , felt as if the Indra has hurled his thunderbolt  and hit his mind , and fell down raising his hands , like a  tree laden with flowers cut by an axe in the forest.                                                                                                                     102.2-102.3
On that Rama, the lord of the word , the mighty archer  who was afflicted with great grief  from all sides and who had fallen on the earth, down tired like an elephant hitting the banks of  the river again and again,  the weeping Vaidehi and others  sprinkled  water to wake him up..                             102.4-102.5
Rama , the son of Kakustha  clan regained consciousness and shedding copious tears from his eyes , started talking with great sorrow.                                                                                                                  102.6
Rama, the soul of Dharma ,  hearing that the king has gone to heaven  told Bharatha these words which conform to Dharma.                                                                                                                                          102.7
“Since my father has gone in the path ordained by the gods, what will I do in Ayodhya? Who would now rule Ayodhya   which has lost the best   of kings?”                                                                                      102.8
“What is the use of me who is born in evil to that   great soul , for whom I could not even perform the  last rites?”                                                                                                                                                           102.9
“Oh  blemish less Bharatha, since you and Shatrugna  have done the last rites including the ritual of the corpse , you have achieved your goal  and are fortunate.”                                                                      102.10
“Even after completion of my living in the forest , I do not desire to return to Ayodhya  , which has lost its lord and is without any direction.”                                                                                                          102.11
“Oh destroyer of enemies , after completing my life in the  forest , who will guide me in Ayodhya , when our father   has gone to the other world?”                                                                                                  102.12
“Formerly , our father observing my good conduct , use to tell me comforting words which were pleasant to my ears. From whom else can I hear    such words?”                                                           102.13
After saying these to Bharatha, Rama went near his wife Sita who had a face like a full moon  and said to her with great grief.                                                                                                                                           102.14
“Oh Sita, your father in law is dead. Oh Lakshmana you have lost your father. Bharatha was relating to me  the sad news  of  the lord of the world   going to heaven.”                                                               102.15
When Rama was telling all this, copious tears were shed from the eyes  of  the sons of  Dasaratha , the son of the Kakustha clan.                                                                                                                                 102.16
Then all the brothers together  greatly consoled Rama and told him, “Please offer libations to  our father  who was the king of the world.”                                                                                                                    102.17
That Sita hearing that her father in law had gone to heaven , had her eyes filled with tears and could not properly see her husband.                                                                                                                                102.18
Rama after consoling the daughter of Janaka who was crying , spoke to Lakshmana who was overcome with grief in a distressed way.                                                                                                                        102.19
“I am going to offer  water libations  to our great father. So please bring the Inguli oil cake    as also my  upper garment  made of bark.”                                                                                                                       102.20
“Let Sita walk in front of us and you go ahead of her  and I would follow you both.. This procession of mourning is indeed sorrowful.”                                                                                                                      102.21
Then Sumanthra who was intelligent , soft natured , self restrained, peaceful , staunchly devoted to Rama  and who used to always follow them , consoled them and followed them  and taking hold of them and helped them to descend in to the river.                                                                              102.22-102.23
Then those illustrious ones conveniently got down in to the enchanting , swiftly flowing Mandakini river surrounded by forests in bloom  and approached a place that was not slushy  and using the sacred waters of the river , offered libations of water   saying “Oh father , let this be yours.”      102.24-102.25
The king Rama took one hand full of water , faced the Southern direction(Direction of Yama)  and crying   said these   words.                                                                                                                                           102.26
“Oh tiger among kings, now you have attained the world of our manes. Let this pure water  which is offered to you  be inexhaustible.”                                                                                                                102.27
Then Rama reached the shores of Mandakini river  and coming out from there , along with his brothers offered Pinda for his father.”                                                                                                                       102.28
That Rama mixed fruits of Badari tree with pulp of Ingudi tree and made balls kept them on Durba grass, overcome with distress started weeping and told.                                                                                 102.29
“Oh great king, we are offering you the food that we normally take . I request you to please take it , because a man can offer only whatever  he partakes to his manes.”                                                  102.30
Thereafter the tiger among men ascended the river by the same path that they descended  and climbed the charming slopes of the mountain.                                                                                                         102.31
That king after   reaching entered  through the  door  of  the   leafy hut and took hold oh Bharatha    and Lakshmana in his arms.                                                                                                                                  102.32
The wailing of the brothers  mingled with that of Vaidehi  echoed   in the forest like    the roar of a lion.
Hearing the very great sound created by those mighty brothers while offering water libations  to their father as well the wailing of the brothers , the army was scared.                                                          102.34
“It is certain that Bharatha has met with Rama  and this loud sound is their wailing over the death of their father.”                                                                                                                                                      102.35
All of them , then left their camps and ran towards  that sound  with only a single thought   in their mind.
Some went on horses, some went on elephants and some on well decorated chariots and other men went on foot.                                                                                                                                                     102.37
All the people went towards the hermitage to see Rama, as if he has gone long back , though he had only gone recently.                                                                                                                                            102.38
With a wish to see the meeting of brothers , all those people went on every sort of vehicle creating  sounds of hooves and wheels.                                                                                                                         102.39
That earth crushed by very many vehicles and great many hooves , it emitted tumultuous sounds like the sky  makes a sound when storm clouds are gathered.                                                                        102.40
Terrified by that sound  the  male  elephants followed by she elephants  ran from there to another forest emitting the smell of ichors.                                                                                                                             102.41
Hosts of boars and wolves , buffaloes, serpents, monkeys , tigers antelopes with ears like cow, tigers and other animals were also frightened.                                                                                                              102.42
Brahminy ducks, water cranes, geese,  karandava birds , cranes , male cuckoos  and Krouncha birds , losing their senses  reached different places.                                                                                              102.43
Frightened by the sound,  birds filled up the sky  and people covered the earth  and both of them shined.
All those people then saw Rama, who was famous, the tiger among men, the destroyer of enemies sitting on the bare earth.                                                                                                                                  102.45
Those people who reached to that place  ,   became completely tear faced  and berated Kaikeyi along with Mandhara .                                                                                                                                                 102.46
Thereafter Rama who was a follower of Dharma  seeing those people  deeply sorrowing and with eyes full of tears hugged them all treating them as his father or mother.                                                       102.47
Rama embraced some men, while  some others saluted him and afterwards  the king’s son Rama  honoured the relations and friends who have reached there, according to their status.                    102.48
The weeping  sound made by those great persons  filled the heaven and earth  and mountains and caves and all directions reverberated .                                                                                                                     102.49 

This is the end of the hundred and second  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

103.Kausalya and others see Rama

(Kausalya and other mothers of Rama along with Vasishta   went to meet Rama. On the way they see the pinda made of Ingudi cake. Kausalya is upset and then all of them go and meet Rama. Rama, Sita and Lakshmana salute them.)

The wives of Dasaratha  followed by sage Vasishta   on foot with an intense   desire to see   Rama.
The wives of the king, when they were slowly proceeding   towards  river Mandakini , saw  the bathing place  of Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                                                         103.2
Kausalya who was an emaciated  face with eyes full of tears addressing Sumithra and other wives told.
“This is a sacred place of the river which is east of the forest where  those orphans  who are expelled from the country are doing  tireless deeds in spite of difficulties.”                                                             103.4
“Oh Sumithra from here your son Lakshmana carries water  for the sake of my son without any  laziness .”                                                                                                                                                                               103.5
“Though your son is engaged  in such  manual tasks like bringing water , it should not be looked down because all the tasks he does his  brother are with Dharma.”                                                                      103.6
“Your son who is not accustomed to hardship , if he stops this   service , it would be greatly distressing .”
Then Kausalya  with very broad   eyes saw the  Ingudhi pindas kept on Dharbha spread on  earth pointing towards  the south .                                                                                                                              103.8
After seeing those pindas kept on earth  by the distressed Rama , Kausalya addressing the wives of king Dasaratha  told.                                                                                                                                                     103.9
“Please see these Pindas kept by Rama for the sake of  his father  great Dasaratha  , the lord of Ikshuvaku race.”                                                                                                                                                 103.10
“I do not think that this is a proper food for the great king, who was like God  and one who enjoyed good food .”                                                                                                                                                                   103.11
“How can he eat the cake made  of pulp of Ingudi  , as he was a great king resembling Indra  , who has  enjoyed  food of  all the four corners of the    earth?”                                                                           103.12
“There is nothing more sad   in the    world than , the once rich Rama  had to offer his father   the cake make of Ingudi pulp.”                                                                                                                                        103.13
“Seeing that Rama has  offered his father   the cake  made of Ingudi pulp , I wonder why my heart is not breaking  in sorrow?”                                                                                                                                       103.14
“There is a well known saying in the world that man offers what he eats only to the God  and it appears to me  truthful in this case.”                                                                                                                             103.15
The distressed  co wives  after having consoled Kausalya were distressed  went in to the hermitage and saw Rama who  looked like   a God fallen from heaven.                                                                           103.16
Those mothers who were emaciated with grief , seeing Rama who has  given up all  luxuries were overcome with sorrow and loudly cried.                                                                                                      103.17
Rama, the tiger among men, true to his valour in war , after standing up touched the feet of all his mothers .                                                                                                                                                             103.18
Those broad eyed queens with soft hands and fingers , with their auspicious hands wiped away the dust   from the back of Rama.                                                                                                                                    103.19
After seeing those mothers , the son of Sumithra also became sad  following Rama bowed in reverence   to them.                                                                                                                                                              103.20
Those ladies  of Dasaratha loved Lakshmana, who was the son of Dasaratha who was blessed with auspicious qualities  ,   just  like Rama .                                                                                                         103.21
Sita also with great  sorrow  caught   the feet of those mothers  and stood before  them   with tear   filled  eyes.                                                                                                                                                                      103.22
Like a mother embracing her daughter , Kausalya embraced the grief stricken Sita who was looking haggard due to living in the forest.                                                                                                                  103.23
“How is it that the daughter of the king of Videha and the daughter in law of king Dasaratha  and also wife of Rama, has fallen in to this sorrow in this uninhabited  forest?”                                                   103.24
“Oh Vaidehi, seeing your face which is like a lotus flower withered in heat, a faded water lily, dust defiled gold, moon hidden by clouds , the fire of sorrow produced by the firewood of calamities is greatly burning my mind.”                                                                                                                   103.25-103.26
While his mother was talking these words of anguish, the elder brother of Bharatha , Rama clasped the feet of sage Vasishta.”                                                                                                                                       103.27
Then Rama clasped the feet of his family priest who was exceedingly lustrous like a burning fire , like the king of devas  clasping the feet of Bruhaspathi, and sat down with him.                                        103.28
When they sat down along with the ministers, important citizens  and along with soldiers, Bharatha an expert in Dharma also sat along    with his elder brother.                                                                          103.29
The valorous Bharatha  looked at  the greatly lustrous and majestic Rama , dressed like a sage and sat down near him , like Indra after purification sits near Lord Brahma.                                                        103.30
Among the gentlemen assembled there great curiosity arose as to what greatly persuasive words   Bharatha is going to speak  after saluting and honouring Rama .                                                              103.31
Rama  was shining in truth, the great  Lakshmana and Bharatha the expert in Dharma surrounded by his friends  were looking like three sacrificial fires surrounded    by the priests.                                   103.32

This is the end of the hundred and third  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

104. Rama   advises Bharatha

(Rama asks Bharatha , the reason why he has come to the forest wearing matted locks. Bharatha replies that his mother is a bad woman. Rama chastises Bharatha for saying that and refuses to come back from the forest.)

After Rama consoled Bharatha    who is liked by elders , he along with Lakshmana began to ask  Bharatha.                                                                                                                                                                104.1
“For what  reason  have you come to this region, dressed in deer skin and wearing matted locks ? I would like to hear  it from you?”                                                                                                                   104.2
“For what reason have you left the  kingdom  and come to this place   wearing deer skin and  with matted locks ?It is  proper for you to tell me about  it.”                                                                             104.3
When the great son of Kakustha clan asked like this to Bharatha , the son of Kaikeyi ,  saluted him and held Rama tightly and told .                                                                                                                              104.4
“Oh Rama, our very strong father  having done an undesirable act of banishing you  went to heaven  due to the sorrow of parting with his son. “                                                                                                          104.5
“Oh trouble giver to enemies , he did this great sin which destroyed his reputation  because  of the instigation of a women , who is Kaikeyi , my mother.”                                                                           104.6
“She who has become a widow , having not able to get  the kingdom , she is under the grip of sorrow and she  who is my mother would  fall in the most terrible hell.”                                                        104.7
“It is only proper for you  to do a favour to me who is your slave , by getting yourself crowned   as king like Indra.”                                                                                                                                                       104.8
“ Your subjects as well as  all your mothers have reached very near to you  and so it is proper that you do this favour   to me.”                                                                                                                                       104.9
“Oh giver of honour, I feel that it is only proper for succession and request you take the kingdom as per the wish  of your friends and elders.”                                                                                                      104.10
“Let this entire earth adopt you   as its lord and stop being a widow , like the night  of autumn becoming bright by getting a full moon.”                                                                                                                    104.11
“I am begging you  along with my ministers with  heads bowed and it is  only proper for you to favour me, who is your brother , disciple  as well as slave .”                                                                             104.12
“Oh tiger among men, it is not proper for you not to agree  with all your subjects  and please  adopt  the rules of  our heritage which is permanent.”                                                                                             104.13
That son of Kaikeyi after  telling this  with tears in his eyes , again according to tradition held the feet of Rama.                                                                                                                                                               104.14
Rama hugged his brother who was taking deep breaths again and again like an elephant in rut  and told him.                                                                                                                                                                   104.15
“How can you who belongs to a noble family and  who is energetic, powerful and adherent  to  his own vows , commit a sin for the sake  of kingdom?”                                                                                        104.16
“I do not find even the slightest  fault in you , oh destroyer of enemies but is in not proper for you out of childishness   to  find fault with your mother.”                                                                                         104.17
“Oh  very intelligent one, Oh matchless  one, it is laid down that , elders can act    as per their will in relation to their wives and children.”                                                                                                          104.18
“Oh gentle natured one, in this world good people have treated their  wives , sons and disciples  as virtuous people   and so it is only proper that   you feel that Dasaratha also  did like that.”           104.19
“Oh gentle natured one, only Dasaratha is competent to decide whether I should live in the forest wearing   a deer skin or become a king and rule over the kingdom.”                                                   104.20
“Oh follower of Dharma, our father has been revered in this world by those who know Dharma  and similar reverence also   should be shown to our mothers.”                                                                  104.21
“Oh Bharatha I have been asked to go to the forest  by our  mother and father   who   both have the character of Dharma  and except obeying them, what else   should I do?”                                      104.22
“You should go and rule the kingdom of Ayodhya  being respected by this world and I should live in the Dandaka forest wearing cloths of bark.”                                                                                                   104.23
“The great king only after apportioning it like this in front of the people and commanding us , have gone to the heaven.”                                                                                                                                               104.24
“The portion  that has been   given to us  by that king who followed Dharma and who is much respected by the world , is final and so you shall enjoy your share.”                                                                      104.25
“Oh gentle natured one , as told by our great father I would live in the Dandaka forest for  fourteen years    and enjoy it.”                                                                                                                                     104.26
“Whatever has been told by  my father who was a great soul, who was honoured  by all the world , who is equal to the wise  king of devas is regarded by me as the  ultimate  and the desire  of the king of the world should not be disregarded.”                                                                                                              104.27

This is the end of the hundred and fourth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

105.Bharatha  argues in a different way

(Bharatha says , he has right to give back what he got. He tells has not efficient and cannot  rule the country well. Rama talks of inevitability of life    and rejects Bharatha ’s request.)

When those lion among men  were lamenting among   their friends, the night passed   off painfully. 
When the night gave  way to dawn , those brothers along with their friends performed  morning rituals in the Mandakini river  and returned  to Rama.                                                                                      105.2
All of them sat silently for some time  and did not speak with each other  and then Bharatha  started speaking to Rama.                                                                                                                                         105.3
“For honouring the words of my mother , you have  given the kingdom to me  and I am now giving it to you  and you please   enjoy it without any obstacles.”                                                                           105.4
“Like  a dam  getting burst due to surge of water   ,  due to great  rains  cannot be repaired easily  , this great kingdom cannot be supported  by anyone   else except you.”                                                    105.5
“The speed of  horse or a common bird   cannot be compared to that of the Divine Garuda and I  do not have the same   capacity as you, Oh king.”                                                                                               105.6
“The life of a man on whom others depend for their life is happy, but the life of those who depend  on others for their  life  is miserable.”                                                                                                              105.7
“Oh strong one , oh Excellent lord,   If a man plants a tree and it grows in to a very large tree with a large trunk,  with very many branches , a dwarf man would not be able  to climb it. Having put forth lot of flowers suppose it does not bear   fruits , the purpose for which it was planted is not fulfilled and the man who planted  does not get joy out of it. This simile fits your case.(Dasaratha planted tree of Rama but is not able to see   the fruits.)                                                                                            105.8-105.10
“Oh king, oh destroyer  of enemies , may all the guilds , traders and other citizens  see you , when you are installed the king  for all the kingdom like a greatly lustrous sun.”                                                105.11
“Oh son of  Kakustha clan, let  elephants intoxicated with ichors  trumpet  and let the ladies of your private  apartment rejoice.”                                                                                                                         105.12
Hearing the words of Bharatha requesting him to return, the different classes of people who live in the city   said, “great , well said.”                                                                                                                       105.13
Seeing him who is famous,  sad  and  wailing , the man of great determination Rama  consoled him , who is self possessed.                                                                                                                                            105.14
“Any man is not independent and cannot do whatever he wants , for he is pulled   by fate to a different path from his chosen one.”                                                                                                                          105.15
“All wealth depletes and people fall  from elevated  positions. Unions end in separations and life   ends in death. “                                                                                                                                                         105.16   
“Like all the fruits that ripe are afraid of falling down, , when a man is born his only fear is death.” 105.17
“Any house built on sturdy pillars  gets  dilapidated  and  over time decays  and in the same way , men are destroyed by getting in the grip of old age   and death.”                                                                    105.18
“Every night passes away  , never to return  and like that the water filled Yamuna continuously merges its waters  with ocean.”                                                                                                                                   105.19
“The life of all beings gets diminished with passing of day and night , like the rays of sun drying water by its heat.”                                                                                                                                                             105.20
“Whether  you are standing or moving , life keeps  on diminishing  and so you  start worrying about yourself only and not for others.”                                                                                                                   105.21
“Death follows a man , wherever he goes  and if one sits at a place, death also sits with him. If a man travels for a long distance and returns, death also returns with him.”                                                    105.22
“With old age wrinkles form on the body and the hair turns gray and so what can a man do   to make himself powerful again.”                                                                                                                                  105.23
“People rejoice when the sun rises and also when it sets  and he faces the decline of his life  without being aware of it .”                                                                                                                                           105.24
“With change of every season man gets overjoyed to see  new flowers or fruits  but he does not realize that his life span also is getting diminished.”                                                                                              105.25
‘A floating wooden piece meets with another such piece in the great  ocean and after remaining for some time they are  separated  after a small passage of time  and like that wives, sons , relatives and money  after coming to us are definitely going to be separated.”                                       105.26-105.27
“In this world no two beings can be together as much as they like and so one is competent to be sad in the matter  of  death.”                                                                                                                               105.28
“Like a man standing on the way side telling to a moving caravan on the road  , that “I am following behind you,”, one may say that they would follow the path taken by his grand and great grandfather , anybody who is not able to follow that same path should not grieve.”                              105.29-105.30
“Like the  flowing water , never returns to the source , age passes away. And so keep the mind happy and follow the established Dharma  and it is said  you would be happy by doing that.”                105.31
“Our father Dasaratha ,  the king, the soul of Dharma  and performer of auspicious  deeds, offered many charities and performed many sacrifices   and went to heaven.”                                                         105.32
“He ruled over his servants splendidly , ruled over his subjects  and accepted wealth   as per Dharma  and he went to  heaven.”                                                                                                                             105.33
“Our father , the king Dasaratha  reached heaven by performance of many auspicious acts , by giving abundant charities  and great offerings in sacrifices.”                                                                            105.34
“That king after performing very many sacrifices  and obtaining long life , enjoyed abundant pleasures on this earth and attained heaven.”                                                                                                          105.35
“Oh lad, having enjoyed pleasures of life , our father has been honoured in heaven and so he should not be grieved  about.”                                                                                                                                        105.36
“Our father after  abandoning his worn out  mortal body , has obtained a  divine treasure  and is wandering pleasantly in the world of Brahma,”                                                                                      105.37
“It is not proper  for people  like me or you to mourn about the very intelligent  and learned king Dasaratha  who was an expert in scriptures.”                                                                                         105.38
“This many types of sorrow  and  different type of wailings  should be completely   avoided   at all times by a courageous intelligent human being.”                                                                                              105.39
“Oh foremost among eloquent people , do not be sad and compose yourself. Return to Ayodhya and reside there as per the order  of father , who had great control over his senses.”                          105.40
“I have been commanded by  a man of blessed deeds and I shall carry out the order of my father  accordingly .”                                                                                                                                               105.41
“Oh killer of enemies ,   disobeying  the orders of my father   to me is not proper,  and you also obey it as he was our father   and one who loved us.”                                                                                           105.42
“There ,  to me the order of father who was a great follower of Dharma is agreeable  and I would obey it by my action and live in the forest.”                                                                                                        105.43
“Oh tiger among men,  anyone who wants to conquer the other world  should follow dharma, be compassionate and obedient to elders and then only it will happen.”                                            105.44
“Oh best among men, Please observe  within yourself the excellent conduct of king Dasaratha and having realized it , you observe   your duty.”                                                                                         105.45
That great Lord  Rama  after having addressed , his younger brother this way  in words full of innate significance “Obey the commands of our father and then stopped.                                                105.46

This is the end of the hundred and fifth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

106.Bharatha further requests

(Bharatha repeats his arguments in various ways but Rama rejects them. People are  happy with Bharatha.)

When Rama said these very significant words  and rested , Bharatha  the follower of Dharma , addressing Rama who was the soul of Dharma and affectionate by nature told.                           106.1
“Oh destroyer of enemies, Neither pain afflicts nor pleasure makes you joyous. In this world , we cannot find a person of such a nature . You are beloved of the elders as you ask their   advice , when needed.”
“What  can  influence him, who sees death and life   as well as joy and sorrow  in the same way and  is not moved by them?”                                                                                                                                          106.4
“Oh Lord of men,  it does not proper  for a person like you , who is aware of the comparative merits of everything , to  be distressed of anything or lament about it.”                                                                    106.5
“Oh Rama. Oh great soul, you resemble devas in their nature and you are truthful in warfare. You are all knowing, all seeing and a man of wisdom.”                                                                                                    106.6
“It is not proper for a person like you endowed with such qualities   and one who is familiar with life and death to undergo such insufferable pain and sorrow.”                                                                               106.7
“When I was away from home , this sin was committed by my  mean minded mother    for my sake and this is not liked by me  and so please show your grace on me.”                                                               106.8
“I am bound by the ties of Dharma  and for that reason I am not able to punish my mother , who deserves punishment by slaying her.”                                                                                                            106.9
“How can I being born to Dasaratha and belonging to a noble clan wedded to Dharma , knowing the implication of Dharma do such a reprehensible act   which is against Dharma?”                                106.10
“My  old father  who was the king , was my teacher , one who does meritorious acts and was  like God to me .He departed due to old age  and so I cannot find fault with him.”                                                  106.11
“Oh expert in Dharma, , will any follower of Dharma do acts like this which are against Dharma and Artha ,   just to please a woman   at her bidding ?”                                                                                    106.12
“There is an old saying that ”At the time of death , a person’s mind is confused”   and the acts of the king  proves that this is true.”                                                                                                                                   106.13
“Due to anger, passion  and sense of adventure our father  has done this act against Dharma  and so you have to think over it and set it right.”                                                                                                            106.14
“Only a son who considers  only the act performed according to Dharma  as good is the true son in this world  but if he delights in such an act he is not considered as good.”                                                  106.15
“So please do not do this undesirable act  of approving the wrong doings  of the father  which are condemned by people  of wisdom.”                                                                                                              106.16
“Oh Sir, please protect  Kaikeyi, me  , father , friends, relations , citizens of villages  and inhabitants of city   and everything.”                                                                                                                                       106.17
“Where is forest, where is Dharma  of a king, where is matted locks  and where is ruling a kingdom? It is not proper for you to engage in repulsive acts.”                                                                                         106.18
“Oh very intelligent Rama, to anyone who is born in royal race , if governance   of kingdom is possible for him, he should crown himself .”                                                                                                                    106.19
“Will any person disregarding the   Dharma of a Kshatriya adopt the ascetic way which has uncertain results   and uncertain future?”                                                                                                                    106.20
“If you want to follow this Dharma , out of tiresomeness ,it is only proper that you star  governing the four fold division of society , so that  this tiresomeness  will disappear.”                                           106.21
“Among the four  modes of life , it is by those who know dharma that  the life as a householder is the greatest and so it is not proper for you to renounce that mode of life.”                                            106.22
“How can I who  is inferior in intelligence and younger in position by birth to you rule over the kingdom when you are there?”                                                                                                                                  106.23
“I am inferior in intelligence and virtue and even inferior in position to you , and I do not want to live if you are not present.”                                                                                                                                   106.24
“Oh expert in Dharma, you please rule this country which was inherited from our father  , without any hindrance along with our relations.”                                                                                                         106.25
“Here itself you  would be crowned in front of your subjects  , by sage Vasishta, an expert in rituals   in accordance with the ritualistic chants.”                                                                                                    106.26
“After you are consecrated you return along with all of us to Ayodhya , like Indra returning to heavens in company of Maruths after conquering all worlds.”                                                                                106.27
“ You alone can rule Ayodhya, discharging the three debts to devas, sages and manes , completely subduing  your enemies  and gratifying the desires of your friends.”                                                106.28
‘Oh gentle one,  make all your friends happy by crowning yourself and let your enemies flee in ten different   directions.”                                                                                                                                106.29 
“Oh best  among men, wipe away the negative feelings of my mother  and also protect our father  from sin.”                                                                                                                                                                106.30 
“I am begging you with bowed head to show mercy on  all our relations and like the great God show mercy on all beings.”                                                                                                                                 106.31 
“In spite of all my requests, if you going from here to the forest , then I also shall   go along   with you.”
Though requested like this by Bharatha   with his head bowed down , the very brave king Rama , deciding to follow the words of his father decided not to go back to Ayodhya.                           106.33
Seeing the great  determination of Rama , the people assembled there with both happy  and sad..They were  sad because he was not returning to Ayodhya   and happy  because he was greatly determined. 
The priests, the chiefs of merchants  and mother who have lost their senses and were not having a single drop of tear to shed , praised Bharatha     for his great words  and after saluting Rama  with reverence   requested him.”                                                                                                                                            106.35

This is the end of the hundred and sixth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

107.Rama tries to convince  Bharatha

(Rama reminds that Dasaratha has promised the kingdom  as bride price while marrying Kaikeyi  >then he tells the two boons which were promised to Kaikeyi. He says that it is the duty of Rama and Bharatha    to follow  the words of the  father.)

The great and well recognized elder brother  of Lakshmana  who was sitting in the middle of his relations again addressed Bharatha and spoke.                                                                                                               107.1
“The words that you have   spoken to me are befitting of a son born to Dasaratha   , the great king and Kaikeyi.”                                                                                                                                                                  107.2
“Oh dear brother, when our father married your mother  at that time of the marriage  he had promised your maternal grandfather  the great kingdom as   a bride price.”                                                            107.3
“Thereafter in the war between devas and asuras , please and delighted by  your mother he had promised to give her boons.”                                                                                                                            107.4
“Oh tiger among men, thereafter your illustrious and fair complexioned mother  after taking an oath from the great king  , demanded the kingdom for you   and  banishment for me as the two boons  and the king gave those boons as he was bound by the agreement.”                                                   107.5-107.6
“Oh best among men, your father  has ordered me to live in the forest for fourteen years   as per  the granting  of the boon.”                                                                                                                                        107.7
“So I have reached this unrivalled forest without people along with Lakshmana  and Sita, truthful to his words .”                                                                                                                                                                 107.8
“Likewise you also get yourself crowned as king to make  our father truthful  as fast as  possible,  oh  great king.”                                                                                                                                                           107.9
“For my sake , make our father who is a lord  and the follower of Dharma , free from his debts and make my mother happy.”                                                                                                                                           107.10
“I have heard earlier from my father , that the illustrious king of Gaya  , while performing sacrifice  there  has told a Vedic hymn  as follows .”                                                                                                              107.11
“The son saves the father   from the hell known  as Puth, and protects his manes forever  and  that is why a son is called “:Puthra”.                                                                                                                     107.12
“So one should desire for many virtuous and learned sons so that   at least one of them  might go to Gaya and perform the sacrifice for manes.”                                                                                             107.13
“This is what   has been followed by all royal sages, oh son of a king and so oh lord, oh best among men , so you go and protect our father   from hell.”                                                                                           107.14
“Oh valorous Bharatha , go to Ayodhya along with Shatrugna and  with the Brahmins  and  rule and keep the citizens  happy.”                                                                                                                                      107.15
“Without any further delay I will also be entering the Dandaka forest  along with Lakshmana and Sita .”
“Oh Bharatha you become the king of human beings  and so go to the great city with a mind of joy. I would become the  king of animals of  the wild forest and  shall enter the Dandaka forest  with a pleased mind.”                                                                                                                                                                107.17
“Oh Bharatha , let an umbrella spread over your head and repel the harsh rays of the sun  and I shall happily seek , the dense shade of these would land trees and be pleasant.”                                     107.18
“Oh Bharatha , let Shatrugna with a very sharp intelligence  be your companion  and Lakshmana   would be my  best friend and let all the four of us prove that   we are worthy sons of Dasaratha and that he is established in truth.”                                                                                                                                      107.19

This is the end of the hundred and seventh    chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

108.Jabali  the minister who is an atheist tries to reason with Rama.

(Jabali is a great Brahmin   , an atheist  and a minister of Dasaratha , tells Rama , that man is born alone and dies alone. The parents and teachers are only like stops in their way  and there is no sich thing called duty  towards them.)

When Rama was consoling  Bharatha   , a great Brahmin called  Jabali , told Rama the follower of Dharma , words which were against Dharma.                                                                                            108.1
“Great , Oh Raghava , Oh noble minded one , Oh high thinking one , do not entertain nonsensical  thoughts like   a common man.”                                                                                                                    108.2
“Any animal is born alone and also  dies alone  and so what is the relation of one man to another   and what does one man obtain from another.”                                                                                                 108.3
“Oh Rama, therefore,  when a man is attached to another pointing that person  as his mother or his   father , he talks like a mad man. Because a relation does not exist  of one person   with another.”
“Oh son of Kakustha  clan, a person going to another village spends the night   at one spot and continues his journey  from there next day morning . In  the same way , father, mother , home and  wealth are but resting places and so wise people   are not attached to them.”                                                   108.5-108.6
“”Oh best of men, you do not deserve   to give up the kingdom of your father and this state  which is painful , inaccessible   and full of thorns.”                                                                                                   108.7
“Go and get your installed as lord in the prosperous city of Ayodhya , which is waiting for you like a chaste lady with a single braid.”                                                                                                                    108.8
“Oh son of the king, go to Ayodhya which is like  the heaven of Indra  and sport and enjoy there , the inestimable royal pleasures.”                                                                                                                        108.9
“Dasaratha is nobody to you and you are  nobody to him because that king is a particular person and you are  a different person and so please  do as I tell you.”                                                                 108.10
“For any animal father is but a seed  and when at the favourable time the semen mixes with the blood in mother’s womb , the birth of a man takes place.”                                                                                  108.11
“That king has gone to the place  where he is bound to go  and that is the fate of all mortals and you are suffering without any reason.”                                                                                                                     108.12
“I am sad for those who  desire for Artha    and Dharma  and not for all others because these people  suffer in this world and are  destroyed at time of death.”                                                                      108.13
“People perform the sacrifice   for the dead , for the spirit of their manes    and offer them food which they are not going to eat. Please  look at the wastage of food .”                                                          108.14
“If the food that we eat can any way reach the body of another , then we may offer Sradha to any person  who is going to the other world? Would the food that we offer them  reach them, when they are  on their way?”                                                                                                                                              108.15
“The intelligent people convince people to give charity  and keep on telling  them, “Give in Charity”, “Be initiated”, “Practice austerities “ and “Renounce”  so they will  get charities by  such actions.” 108.16
“Oh very intelligent one, there is no next world and practice that which you like   and which you can
 be seen by you  and turn back from what you cannot see.”                                                              108.17    
“Observing very many examples  in this world  and treating the opinion of  these wise people as great  accept the kingdom offered by  Bharatha. “                                                                                          108.18                                                                                                                                                          

This is the end of the hundred and eighth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

109.Rama denies Jabali ‘s  opinion.

(Rama differs from Jabali  and gets angry with him. Jabali tell Rama , he told those words not because he is an atheist but  to take back Rama to Ayodhya.)

Hearing the words of Jabali , Rama , the best among truthful souls, with divine devotion and unshakable  intellect   replied.                                                                                                                                                109.1
“The words that you have just now told with a view to please  me , is unfit to be followed though it appears  to be fit, and appears beneficial though it is detrimental. “                                                        109.2
“A man who  conducts himself without respect is one endowed with sinful conduct  and one who   follows conduct  different  from accepted  practices is not respected by good men.                          109.3
“It is only ones  behaviour that determines whether he belongs to high or low family, whether he is valorous and respected   by other men  or whether  he is honest  or dishonest.”                                109.4
“Any man who appears to be noble  but who is really not noble , appears to be pure though impure, appears to be endowed with all good while he is bad, appears  to be of good character while he does not have anything good in him, appears to follow Dharma while he is  not creates confusion in this world. Living a life without pious acts and against the scriptures  is  against Dharma  and if I were  to follow such a life , I would be engaged in wicked acts and a man discriminating   between good and bad , will not hold me in high esteem.”                                                                                                                         109.5-109.7
“If I break the vow  and modify my life   from what I am following now , would I be able instruct good conduct to others and will I go to heaven?”                                                                                                   109.8
“Then the entire world would do  as it likes , for do not citizens imitate   the conduct of their kings?”                   
“Truth is benevolent and  the kings   follow it  from ancient times  and the soul of the kingdom is truth  and  so the foundation of people   is truth.”                                                                                                 109.10
“The sages and devas considered   truth as supreme  and the man speaking truth would not deteriorate but  become divine. “                                                                                                                                         109.11
“Peop0le are agitated on   seeing a man who does not speak  truth like they have seen a serpent . Truth is the dharma of divine world  and it is told , it is the root cause of heaven.”                                        109.12
“Truth is the God of the world and the wealth gets established in truth .  Truth is the root of everything  and there is no salvation without truth.”                                                                                                      109.13
“Charity, sacrifices  , penance and Vedas  are all firmly established on truth  and so everyone should  surrender   to the truth.”                                                                                                                                   109.14
“One person looks after the world , another looks  only after  his clan .One person sinks to hell and another rises to heaven , depending on how he practices truth.”                                                            109.15
“I am truthful to my promise  and a truthful  devotee  of truth  and why should I not keep up the promise that  I gave to my father’s order.”                                                                                                    109.16
“Being a votary of truth, I will break   the truth   spoken by my father  and thus break the bridge of morality  out of greed , delusion, dark passion  or ignorance.”                                                            109.17
“We have heard that either gods or manes    would not   accept the offerings of one who tells lies or one who is unstable  and has an unsteady mind.”                                                                                         109.18
“I personally see that   truth and Dharma  as the   universal spirit  and therefore  I consider  any burden in life which is carried  with pleasure by good people , as good to me also.”                                    109.19
“I would renounce the so called Dharma of Kshatriyas , because is dharma in the cloak if injustice practiced by petty , cruel  and miserly people  of evil deeds.”                                                            109.20
“Men conceive an evil idea in mind, do it with their body and cover it up with lies  spoken by the toungue  and thus any sin is three   fold.”                                                                                               109.21
“The earth , fame and renown get attracted  only to a truthful  man  and even those in heaven  see  only the truth that    we posses.”                                                                                                                        109.22
“The course which you thought as excellent and urged me to perform  with logical statements  is not to be carried out by gentlemen.”                                                                                                                    109.23
“After promising to my father(elder)  that   I would live in the forest , if I follow the words of Bharatha , would I not be disregarding the words of my elder.”                                                                             109.24
“In front of my  father I took a stable oath that  I would live in forest and the lady Kaikeyi was extremely pleased by it.”                                                                                                                                                109.25
“I shall live in the forest purified, with regulated   food , satisfying the manes and gods by offering them flowers, fruits and roots , with my five sense controlled , without duplicity , with faith and differentiating between what ought to be done and what should not be done.”                                           109.26-109.27
“Anyone who wants to do his duties  should perform his religious and auspicious duties  for even Fire , wind and the moon have taken that  position.”                                                                                       109.28
“After performing hundred  fire sacrifices, the king of devas  went to heaven, and by performing terrible penances the sages    go to heaven.”                                                                                                          109.29
Again Rama , the son of the king who had great luster . after  he heard   those atheistic arguments , being unable to tolerate them  told these disdainful words.                                                                109.30
“Sages say that truthfulness, dharma , valour , compassion to all beings , talking of only pleasing words  and offering homage to Brahmins, devas  and guests   are the real path  to heaven.”                  109.31
“And because of that  those learned in Vedas , after clearly understanding the matters which are to their advantage , adopt the fruitful path of Dharma   which is right according to scriptures  and seek attainment of high positions.”                                                                                                                  109.32
“You are having materialistic opinions  and so your mind is following the extremely atheistic path and as such you are detached from the path of Dharma. I am blaming my father   who has taken a person like you  in his service.”                                                                                                                                       109.33
“Sometimes a very knowledgeable man behaves like a thief and slowly reaches the state  of atheism and such ones are greatly distrusted  by people  and so an intellectual should never come in contact with an atheist.”                                                                                                                                                           109.34
“Men  preceding you   who are superior to you in intelligence have performed many auspicious deeds .Brahmins only perform religious acts for upliftment  of society.”                                                       109.35 
“Those   good people following the path of Dharma become greatly lustrous and take to charity  and do not indulge  in violence  and become people without sins  and later  become great saints.”         109.36
Hearing  those very angry words of the great Rama  with fearless intellect  , that Brahmin replied  using beneficial words filled with faith  in a diplomatic way.                                                                           109.37
“I never speak the words of atheists and nor am I an  atheist even to an insignificant extent  and according to the need of the time I speak words of theism or atheism.”                                           109.38
“Since the time suited to request you to return , Oh Rama , I spoke the words of atheism  , only to propitiate you and please  you.”                                                                                                                109.39

This is the end of the hundred and ninth chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

1110.Vasishta tells  about Genealogy of Rama’s clan

(Vasishta tells Rama about the history of his family from Sun till Dasaratha.)

Observing that Rama was very angry sage Vasishta told him ,” Jabali also knows   about , the coming and going   from this world to other  world.”                                                                                                          110.1
“He told you all this  with a desire for you to return. Oh Lord of the earth, I would teach you about the origin of the  world.”                                                                                                                                           110.2
“In the beginning there was only water and later earth was  formed. There after Brahma who was self born  ,   along with other Gods came  into existence.”                                                                                110.3
“Brahma assuming the form of a boar  upheld the earth  and created  the world  along with  his sons who were purified souls.”                                                                                                                                 110.4
“The eternal changeless  and imperishable  Brahma came from sky (space) and from him Marichi was born and Kashyapa was his son.”                                                                                                                    110.5
“Kashyapa begot Vivaswath (Sun)  and  Manu was born as the son of Vivaswath.  He was the lord of the people (prajapathi) and Ikshuvaku   was his son.”                                                                                        110.6
“Manu first  gave Ikshuvaku very prosperous land  and please  know That Ikshuvaku was the   first king of Ayodhya”                                                                                                                              110.7
“The great Kukshi was the son of Ikshuvaku  and thereafter the heroic Vikukshi was born as son of Kukshi. “                                                                                                                                                              110.8
“The greatly lustrous and famous Bali was born as son to Vikukshi  and the very strong mighty armed Anaranya   was born as  son to Bali.”                                                                                                         110.9
“When Anaranya the best of the virtuous people was the king of  Ayodhya , there was no drought or famine in the kingdom and there  were no thieves.”                                                                              110.10
“The mighty armed Pruthu was  born to Anaranya , and the great king Trishanku was born to him and due to his truthfulness , he went to heaven with the physical body.”                                                 110.11
“Dhundhumara  was the famous son of  Trishanku and he was the father of  greatly lustrous Yuvanaswa.”                                                                                                                                                    110.12
“The great Mandhatha was the son of Yuvanaswa  and mighty Susandhi was born as son to Mandhatha   and to Susandhi  was born two sons Dhruvasandhi and Presanajith  and the very famous slayer of enemies  , Bharatha was  born as son of Dhruvasandhi. “                                                         110.13-110.14
“The mighty armed Asitha was born to  Bharatha against him rose  the Haihayas , Talajanghas  and the valorous Sasibindhu as  enemies.”                                                                                                110.15-110.16
“That king fought with all these enemies , was defeated and got exiled . He retired to a delightful mountain and  became    a sage .”                                                                                                              110.17
“He had two wives and both got pregnant   and one of them gave the other poison to her co-wife to kill her unborn child.”                                                                                                                                           110.18
“At that time a sage by name Chyavana , the descendent of Bhrugu had taken shelter  in the Himalaya  mountains and Kalindi the wife of Asitha , approached the sage , saluted him and asked for a boon , for birth of a son from that  Brahmin.”                                                                                                              110.19
“Oh queen , a  great  son , renowned all over the world ,  of virtuous by conduct, destroyer of enemies and perpetuator   of his race    would be born to you.”                                                                           110.20
“The greatly delighted Kalindi , went round the sage took leave of him and went home and she gave birth to  a boy who had eyes like the petals of the lotus  and lustrous like Lord Brahma.”   110.21-110.22
“Her co-wife had given  Kalindi poison so that this unborn child would be killed but that child was born along  with the poison and so was named as Sagara.”                                                                               110.23
“King Sagara after  performing    a sacrifice on full moon  day started digging the ocean   which frightened  people.”                                                                                                                                         110.24
 “We hear  that a son called Asamanja was born to Sagara  and he was one who indulged in evil deeds   and  was banished by his father when he was   still alive.”                                                             110.25
“The valorous Amsuman was the son of Asamanja , Dilipa was Amsuman’s son   and Bhagiratha was   the son of Dilipa.”                                                                                                                                          110.26      
“Kakustha  was born to Bhagiratha , from whom you have become famous as Kakusthas. Raghu was the son of Kakustha , from whom all  of you became famous as Raghavas.”                                    110.27     
“The lustrous son of Raghu became famous     as  Purushadhaka, Kanmashapada and also as Soudhasa.”  
“The famous son of Kanmashapada was Shankana  and one facing   him with his army   was  destroyed.”
 The son of Shankana was the great  Sudarshana who was the father of Agnivarna. Shighraga was the son of Sudarshana and his son was Maru. Maru's son was Prashushruva and to Prashushruva was born greatly lustrous Ambarisha. Nahusha with matchless strength was the son of Ambarisha and his son was the great follower of Dharma Nabhaga. Nabhaga had two sons, Aja and Suvrata and Aja's son was the righteous king Dasaratha.                                                                                                               110.30-110.33                                         
“Oh king, you are well known , far and wide  as  Rama   and you are the eldest  son of the king and  the inheritor of the kingdom    and so accept the kingdom and look after   the people well.”              110.34
“In the clan of Ikshuvakus , always the   eldest son always becomes   the king  and when the eldest is alive ,  the younger ones   are never crowned as kings.”                                                                        110.35
“Oh famous one , it is not proper for you to change the tradition of the   house  of Raghus  and so rule this great kingdom with lots of treasures   just like   your father.”                                                      110.36

This is the end of the hundred and tenth chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

111.Rama agrees to become king after he comes back.
(Sage Vasishta , logically tells Rama that  he would not be going against Dharma , if he returns back but Rama tells him that  his father’s words were paramount to him. Bharatha further protests by doing Sathyagraha. Rama tells him, he would become king after he comes back.)

Vasishta , the family priest of the kings , after speaking to Rama like  this again spoke other words of Dharma to him.                                                                                                                                                111.1
“Oh Rama of the Kakustha clan, when a man is born he has three  teachers and they are  his Guru, his father  and his mother.”                                                                                                                                 111.2
“Oh best among men, the father is responsible for the birth of the man and the Guru gives him wisdom and so he is superior.”                                                                                                                                     111.3
“Oh destroyer of enemies, I was the Guru  to your father as well as you and so by following my words , you would not be going against Dharma.”                                                                                                  111.4
“:All these people of  your assembly , those from business guilds and Brahmins are  your people and by doing your duty to them, you would not be going against Dharma.”                                                    111.5
“It is not proper for you not to obey the words of your old mother  who is the follower of Dharma  and so you   would not be acting against Dharma.”                                                                                          111.6
“Oh valorous one in Dharma and truth, this Bharatha is  begging you   and so if you agree to his request , you would not be  acting  against Dharma.”                                                                                                111.7
When these sweet words were told by  the Guru, Rama himself replied to the Guru who was sitting beside him.                                                                                                                                                          111.8
“The duties that mother and father perform towards their son is always to their best of ability  and aimed at pleasing the son , by making him sleep, covering and clothing , by speaking affectionate words to him and also by bringing him up properly and these acts of mother and father cannot be repaid.” 
“My father Dasaratha begot me   and the promise that  I have done to him shall  never  be made untrue.”                                                                                                                                                                111.11
When the greatly philanthropic Bharatha was addressed this way , with extremely distressed mind told the charioteer   who was standing by his side.                                                                                            111.12
“Oh charioteer immediately spread Kusa grass  on this earth and I shall lie down on it  till my esteemed brother  shows his graciousness.”                                                                                                                111.13
“Like a Brahmin deprived of his wealth , without taking any food  and without seeing this world , I shall lie down in front of his hut till  he agrees with me.”                                                                                 111.14
That  greatly troubled Bharatha  seeing that Sumanthra was waiting for the orders of Rama , himself brought the Kusa grass   and spread   it on the ground.                                                                           111.15
The greatly lustrous Rama who was the greatest among royal sages  told Bharatha , “Oh Bharatha  , what wrong have I done to you that makes you  lie down before me and prevent me.”                            111.16
“Only a Brahmin can prevent the actions of another one by lying down in front of him  and  law does not permit  the person who can be anointed as king   to prevent like this.”                                                111.17
“Get up oh tiger among men and give up this pitiable penance  and oh Bharatha quickly go to  the   best of cities , Ayodhya.”                                                                                                                                        111.18
While being seated  Bharatha asked  the citizens of towns and villages   who were assembled there.”Why do you not persuade this gentleman?”                                                                                 111.19
Those  great people who included the citizens of towns and villages told, “We know that son of Kakustha clan and he is talking correctly. “                                                                                                                 111.20
‘The great  Rama is firmly fixed   in the words of his father and that is why we are not able to quickly make him return.”                                                                                                                                         111.21
Hearing their very understanding words  Rama told , “Please understand the words of these friends who are  seeing only Dharma.”                                                                                                                          111.22
“Oh mighty armed  Bharatha , after   hearing both our views think over it , get up  and drink water.”
Then Bharatha stood up , sipped  water  and told the following words, “Oh ministers, oh tradesmen , please  hear what I have to say.”                                                                                                              111.24
“Neither did I request the kingdom from my father nor urged my mother. And I also did not know  about the exile of Rama  , who is the great follower of Dharma.”                                                                 111.25
“If it is our duty to live in the forest as per words of my father , I would myself in the forest for fourteen years.”                                                                                                                                                            111.26
The soul of Dharma was  greatly surprised to hear the genuine words of his brother and speaking to the citizens of towns and villages.                                                                                                                    111.27
“Neither for  Bharatha  or me  , it is possible   to can cancel  whatever my father bought or pledged  or sold .”                                                                                                                                                             111.28
“In the matter of living in the forest  it is disgusting for keeping a substitute for me , and it shall not be done. Kaikeyi has only spoken properly to my father   and a good deed  was  done.”                  111.29
“I know that Bharatha has a patient nature  and honours his elders  and for the truthful Bharatha everything that  happens will be auspicious.”                                                                                       111.30
“When I come  back from the forest along with my brother who practices Dharma , I would become the king of this earth.”                                                                                                                                       111.31
“The king was  requested by Kaikeyi  and I have followed those words and it is now  your duty  to release our father    from falsehood.”                                                                                                                     111.32

This is the end of the hundred and eleventh  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

112. Rama refuses the kingdom and Bharatha  requests for his sandals.

(The great sages advice Bharatha to go back. Rama strictly refuses to become the king. Bharatha requests for sandals of Rama so that  he would consecrate them  and rule as its representative. He tells Rama  that if  Rama does not return  after 14 years, then he  would enter fire and die.)

Those great  sages who have assembled there seeing the meeting  between  two brothers  of matchless glory  were amazed    and the hairs of their body stood erect.                                                                 112.1
Those many sages , Sidhas as well as divine sages who remained invisible appreciated the two brothers of the clan of Kakustha.                                                                                                                                   112.2
“He indeed is blessed to have two sons like these who are followers of Dharma and valorous  in Dharma  and  hearing their conversations , we  have become  attached   to them.”                                          112.3
Then those many sages   desiring for the quick destruction of  the ten headed ones, told Bharatha  , the best of kings  the  following words.                                                                                                              112.4
“You are of noble birth,  greatly intelligent , capable  of great penance , and so you should accept the advice of Rama     and accept the   words of your father.”                                                                        112.5
“We desire that Rama should be without the debt  to his father , by discharging the obligation of Dasaratha who has  gone to heaven.”                                                                                                          112.6
“After telling these words those Gandharwas   and great sages , went back to their respective   abodes.”
Hearing those words which will lead to Happiness that   auspicious looking   , auspiciousness Rama,  with a delighted face paid  homage to those   saints.                                                                                        112.8
That Bharatha with a trembling body  and with hands folded in reverence , after getting composure of their voice , addressed Rama and told these  words.                                                                                112.9
“Oh son of Kakustha  clan, following the Dharma of kings , to perpetuate    the Dharma of our clan, please consider  the request of mine as well  as my mother.”                                                             112.10
“I would not be able to protect this kingdom all alone  and I would not be able  to rule  the citizens  of cities and villages, making them happy.”                                                                                                  112.11
“Our clan members  , warriors as well as our friends and good hearted people  are longing for you like the farmer longing for rains.”                                                                                                                      112.12
“Oh very wise one, after accepting this kingdom , give it stability, for son of Kakustha clan , you are powerful  enough  to rule  this world.”                                                                                                     112.13
Saying this Bharatha   fell at the  feet of Rama  and that Bharatha  who spoke sweet  words entreated  him ardently to accept his request.                                                                                                          112.14
Rama after hugging Bharatha , who was black in colour and  who has eyes like lotus petal  , told him in a voice resembling  the voice of a swan.                                                                                                     112.15
“Oh lad, due to the training received from our Guru, you have  obtained   the knowledge of that and so you are perfectly capable of  ruling this world.”                                                                                    112.16
“Take the advice  of ministers, friends , especially intelligent ministers  and you can   get done all endeavors, however tough it may be.”                                                                                                    112.17
“Splendour may go away from moon or snow may disappear from Himalaya  mountain or  ocean may over step in to its shores, but I shall not break the oath given to my father.”                                  112.18
“Oh lad whether your mother has done this out of avarice or affection  but  it was done for your sake  and so you should not take it seriously and  conduct yourself properly  with your mother.”         112.19
Then having heard the words of the son of Kausalya , Bharatha who normally has a brilliance of the sun  appeared like  the waxing moon  on its first day , spoke.                                                                      112.20
“Oh gentle one , keep your feet on this  sandals decorated with gold , for they are going to  bring prosperity and safety of the entire world.”                                                                                              112.21
The tiger among men  with great luster , Rama , put on the sandals and then removed them and gave it to the great Bharatha .                                                                                                                                  112.22
Bharatha bowed down to the sandals  and addressing Rama  told, “Oh destroyer of enemies, Oh valorous one, Oh son of the Raghu clan , wearing matted locks and garments of bark  and living on fruits and roots  and residing outside   the city, I would place the responsibility of ruling the kingdom on these sandals  and look forward for your arrival anxiously.”                                                               112.23-112.24
“Oh best among the clan of Raghu, on the completion of fourteen years , suppose I do not see  you , then I will enter the blazing fire and die.”                                                                                                  112.25
After promising to Bharatha saying , “so be it,”  and after earnestly hugging Bharatha and Shatrugna , Rama  spoke these words .                                                                                                                           112.26
“Oh best among Raghu clan, look after your mother Kaikeyi and do not get angry with her and I am taking an oath on myself and Sita that I would fulfill your words.” Saying this he took leave from his brothers with tear filled eyes.                                                                                                         112.27-112.28
The famous Bharatha who was the follower of Dharma , after having worshipped those well decorated sandals  and after going round Rama with reverence, placed those sandals on the top of a very good elephant.                                                                                                                                                      112.29
After that Rama , the enhancer of the fame of Raghu dynasty, who was as firm as the Himalaya  mountain, greeted his teachers , ministers, subjects , his younger brothers Bharatha and Shatrugna , according to their rank  and took leave of them.                                                                                  112.30
Due to great sorrow and due to their throats being choked with tears, the mothers of Rama could not take leave from him  but Rama after saluting all of them entered in o his hut with eyes full of tears. 
This is the end of the hundred and twelfth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

113.Bharatha reaches back Ayodhya with the sandal

(Bharatha returns to Ayodhya with the sandal. On the way he meets sage Bharadwaja and takes his blessings.)

Thereafter Bharatha carrying those sandals  on his head joyfully boarded   the chariot  along    with Shatrugna.                                                                                                                                                             113.1
Vasishta, Vamadeva and Jabali who could do great penance  and other ministers well known for their sagacious  advice proceeded in front of Bharatha.                                                                                       113.2
Then all of them went round  the great Chithrakuta mountain  ad proceeded towards Mandakini river  travelling   eastwards.                                                                                                                                         113.3
Seeing thousands of  pretty minerals , Bharatha travelled by its side   along with his army.                113.4
Not very far away from Chithrakuta mountain, Bharatha saw the hermitage  where   sage Bharadwaja  lived.                                                                                                                                                                      113.5
Then that very intelligent Bharatha , after reaching the hermitage  of Bharadwaja , alighted from the chariot and prostrated at the feet of the sage.                                                                                             113.6
The very overjoyed Bharadwaja    asked  Bharatha, “ oh lad, Have you accomplished the task? Have you met Rama?”                                                                                                                                                        113.7
When he was liked by the very intelligent sage Bhardwaja , Bharatha who loves Dharma replied to Bharadwaja.                                                                                                                                                       113.8
“When requested  by me as well as his Guru Vasishta , that Rama with stable prowess  being very pleased told  sage Vasishta.”                                                                                                                          113.9
“I will truly honour the promise given to my father   and live in this forest  for fourteen  years.”    113.10
“When he told like  this to the  greatly intelligent and eloquent Vasishta, replied to Rama  who was an expert orator using words of great significance.”                                                                                      113.11
“Oh very intelligent one ,  with pleasure give your sandals  decorated by gold , for looking after  the welfare of Ayodhya.”                                                                                                                                       113.12
“When Vasishta told him like this , Rama stood facing the east , wore the sandals and removed it and gave it to me  for the sake of the kingdom.”                                                                                              113.13
“Taking leave of that great  person called Rama, I am returning  and going to Ayodhya, holding those auspicious sandals.”                                                                                                                                       113.14
Having heard these auspicious words from Bharatha , that great soul sage Bharadwaja  replies  with words which were more auspicious.                                                                                                           113.15
“Oh tiger among men, you are the best among those  who possesses  great  character  and it is not surprising  that noble qualities have established in you , like water poured out reaches  the lower level land.”                                                                                                                                                               113.16
“The greatly valorous  Dasaratha has not died because he has son like you who loves Dharma  and acts according to Dharma.”                                                                                                                        113.17
Hearing the  suitable words spoken by  that great saint Bharadwaja, Bharatha saluted him with  folded  hands   and clasped his  feet, took leave from him and commenced  on his journey.                   113.18
The great Bharatha  after going round the sage Bharadwaja , again and again , along  with his ministers started towards  Ayodhya.                                                                                                                        113.19
The vast army of Bharatha  marched ahead of him along with chariots , carts, horses and  elephants . again started towards  Ayodhya.                                                                                                           113.20
Then they crossed the river Yamuna , which was wreathed by waves  and again beheld the auspicious water  of Ganga.                                                                                                                                      113.21
Bharatha along with his relations and army crossed the river Ganga filled  completely with   clear  and pure water,  , entered the town of Sringaberipura   and from that   city beheld  the town of Ayodhya. 
Then seeing the city of Ayodhya which was not having his father or brothers , Bharatha was filled with grief  and told his charioteer.                                                                                                                 113.23
“Oh Charioteer see that ruined Ayodhya which is not shining , is insignificant and is without joy  and is desolate  and silent .”                                                                                                                               113.24

This is the end of the hundred and thirteenth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

114.Bharatha returns to the desolate Ayodhya

(Bharatha sees that Ayodhya has lost its luster and was like   a city in distress.)

The great lord Bharatha  riding on a chariot which produced deep and gentle sound  soon entered the city of Ayodhya.                                                                                                                                               114.1
He saw in that city  large number of cats and owls , with crouched men and elephants  and looking like a dark night  having  gloom and nort shining.                                                                                               114.2
It looked like the darling wife of the enemy  of moon god(Rohini) who is exceedingly bright , which is affected by Rahu the planet in ascendant and was not having any  shine and looking like night .   114.3
It further  looked like a  stream flowing from the mountain, emaciated, whose waters have become almost dry and greatly agitated , the birds surrounding which    are scorched by the sun  and whose big and small fish as well as alligators have perished.                                                                                      114.4
Ayodhya was like the sacrificial fire which rises in to a golden  smokeless flame when oblation is poured in  it but later gets put out.                                                                                                                               114.5
It was like an army in a  great battle field where armour lie scattered , with injured elephants and horses, with shattered chariots  and flags and withy slain warriors.                                                       114.6
It was like a sea which rose with foam  and roaring sounds  , dispersed by a gentle breeze becoming silent .                                                                                                                                                                 114.7
It was like an sacrificial altar   from where the priests , where the fire has got extinguished after offering of oblations and the  priests along  sacrificial implements have deserted and the chants  have been discontinued.                                                                                                                                                    114.8
It was like the wife of a bull  longing for the bull which has left  it  and standing in the middle of the cow-pen dispirited and not eating any grass.                                                                                                      114.9
It was like a pearl necklace , which was stripped of  excellent rubies and gems, which were shining   and greatly smooth.                                                                                                                                       114.10 
It was like a fallen star  with its great luster diminished  and fallen from its place , due to its  loss of meritorious  deeds  and reaching the earth.                                                                                              114.11
It was a creeper of the forest fully  laden with flowers and surrounded by bees  making melodious noise  at the end of autumn , when it was  ravaged by  spreading forest fire   and completely withered
away.                                                                                                                                                                    114.12
With its shops and  markets closed and without any activity and with its merchants in daze, Ayodhya looked like the clouds  obstructing the view of  moon and stars of the  sky.                                      114.13
It was like a drinking place , not cleaned with broken drinking glasses  emptied of excellent  wine   and with dead drunkards lying all around.                                                                                                       114.14
It  was like a cistern  made for storing water , broken, collapsed , fallen down and sunk , covered with broken jars and pots , with the water completely dried  up.                                                               114.15
It was like   a big stretched bow string, with nooses at both ends , which was severed by a powerful man with his arrows and lying on the ground.                                                                                                 114.16
It was like a mare whipped by a skilled horse rider driven to battle but killed  by the enemy army and lying on the ground.                                                                                                                                    114.17
It was like a large body of water full of  large fish and tortoises  but dried up completely when its banks have been cut down surrounded by dried water  lilies.                                                                          114.18
It was like the body of  a man in distress , scorched because he  has been denied application of oil  , who was not wearing any ornaments  and overtaken by sorrow.                                                                 114.19
It was like Sun  which has  entered in to the circular orb of thick  and black clouds during the rainy  season  and so obscured   from vision.                                                                                                      114.20
Bharatha , the great son of Dasaratha  seating in one of those excellent chariots addressed   the charioteer and told .                                                                                                                                     114.21
“Why is it that now in Ayodhya , we do not hear the deep and sonorous   sound of singing and playing of musical instruments   nowadays as earlier?”                                                                      114.22
“Why is it that the breeze does not carry the scent of agaru, the fragrance of flower garlands and the intoxicating smell of wine?”                                                                                                                         114.23
“Why is it that after Rama has departed to the forest we are not able to hear , the sound of excellent carriages, the pleasing sound of neighing horses , trumpeting sound of elephants in rut  and the big sound made  by chariots?”                                                                                                                           114.24
“Why is that affected by the going away of Rama, people are  not going out of town nor or the wearing  pretty garlands  and not observing any festivals?”                                                                                  114.25
“The luster of the city also has departed along with my brother and Ayodhya is not shining now and is like a rainy night during days of waning moon.”                                                                                      114.26
“After Rama left Ayodhya , the youth are in great distress  and are not using  perfumes of sandal and agaru  or making use of flower garlands.”                                                                                                 114.27
“When will my brother return and when will the great festival come , bringing great joy to Ayodhya like the rain the autumn?”                                                                                                                                  114.28
“Well dressed youth and people  bearing themselves in high style  , who used to roam about in groups are not to be seen in the great avenues of Ayodhya?”                                                                         114.29
“Prattling like this in many ways Bharatha   entered the house of his father  and that house without the king  was like a cave without a lion.”                                                                                                        114.30
Then the self possessed Bharatha  seeing the private apartments of the king without its usual splendour felt like the day has been deprived of the Sun and shed tears.                                                            114.31

This is the end of the hundred and fourteenth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

115.Rama’s sandals are consecrated as king in Nandigrama.

(Bharatha leaves Ayodhya to Nandigrama  and crowns  the sandals there and starts ruling the kingdom as its representative.)

After making his mothers go to their homes the very sad Bharatha , who was  stable in his words    told the elders.                                                                                                                                                            115.1
“I am going to Nandigrama   and so I am taking leave from all of you. I hope to endure    the  sorrow caused by the absence of Rama there.”                                                                                                        115.2
“The king has gone to heaven and elder brother(teacher) has gone to the forest. There I shall await the return of Rama , for Ayodhya can only be ruled by him.”                                                                          115.3
Hearing these auspicious words  of  the great Bharatha , All those ministers and their teacher Vasishta  told him.                                                                                                                                                             115.4
“Oh Bharatha , the words that you told now out of great affection to your brother  are praiseworthy and could only be told by a great one like you.”                                                                                                 115.5
“You are greatly attached to your relations and interested in the welfare of others .Who would not approve the noble path  that you intend to follow?”                                                                                115.6
Hearing the please words  of his ministers which was according to his thought, Bharatha called the charioteer and told him, “Harness the Chariot.”                                                                                       115.7
The great Bharatha with a joyful face after  paying  respects  to his mothers , accompanied by Shatrugna , got in to the chariot.”                                                                                                                                    115.8
Speedily getting in to  the chariot, the very happy Bharatha  and Shatrugna  proceeded to Nandigrama surrounded  by  their ministers and priests.”                                                                                              115.9
Along with their gurus, Vasishta  and Brahmins they proceeded  east wards towards  Nandigrama .
After Bharatha  left , the army consisting of elephants, horses  and chariots  followed him without his calling them and so too several people living in the town followed him.                                            115.11
That soul of Dharma , Bharatha who loved his brothers , while riding on the chariot kept  the sandals on his head and speedily travelled to Nandigrama.                                                                                       115.12
Then that Bharatha entered Nandigrama quickly  after alighting from the chariot  and addressed his Gurus(elders)   and told.                                                                                                                                115.13
“My brother has deposited this  kingdom for my upkeep  and also has given his sandals decorated with gold   so that the kingdom would be prosperous and secure.”                                                              115.14
Then keeping the sandals which were given as trust to him on his head , addressing his  group of ministers , with great sorrow.                                                                                                                       115.15
“At once hold an umbrella over   this  for they have been accepted as  a symbol  by my exalted brother  and they will establish Dharma  in this kingdom.”                                                                                    115.16
“My  brother out of his love for me has given this kingdom as a trust to me  and I would look after them  waiting for the arrival of Rama.”                                                                                                                  115.17
“As Soon as I Rama comes back , I would unite these sandals to his feet  and see his feet along with this sandals.”                                                                                                                                                           115.18
“I will look after this burden entrusted to me till the arrival of  Rama  who is my teacher , and then I would give it back to him as an offering and would be doing his service,”                                          115.19
“ After  giving back  , these auspicious trust of the blessed sandals  and the kingdom to Rama I would get cleansed of my sins. “                                                                                                                                    115.20
“After Rama is  crowned and people   became happy and pleased , I would be four times happy than when I was ruling the kingdom.”                                                                                                                115.21
The very famous Bharatha , thus lamenting in grief , ruled the kingdom    from Nandigrama   along with his ministers.                                                                                                                                                   115.22
That Lord wearing matted locks    and  dress made of bark  looking like a sage lived in Nandigrama along with his army.                                                                                                                                                  115.23
That Bharatha who loved his brother lived there  with anxiety to see his brother , obeyed completely Rama ‘s advice  and fulfilled his vow, and lived in Nandigrama after consecrating the    sandal.  115.24
Bharatha informed about all the orders relating to the kingdom  to the sandal , fanned them himself and he  himself held the royal Umbrella   over them.                                                                                     115.25
That great and gentle Bharatha after  consecrating the sandals , subordinated himself to it and ruled the kingdom ,                                                                                                                                                             115.26
Bharatha brought to the notice of the sandal however small a matter  to me  and whenever he received costly gifts it was given  to the sandal  and carried out his work appropriately.                                    115.27

This is the end of the hundred and fifteenth  chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

116. The sages of Chithrakuta decide to leave Chithrakuta.

(When Rama sees the sages  of Chithrakuta worried, he asks the reason for it. They say they are afraid that Khara, the brother of Ravana would trouble them. Then those sages leave Chithrakuta foe a more safer place.)

After Bharatha went back , Rama continued to live in that forest of penance  and he observed the anxiety     and  fearful anxiety among  the sages.                                                                                        116.1   
He saw that those sages who used to be well pleased   in the hermitage before , because they depended on  him, were now anxious.                                                                                                                                116.2
Pointing out at  Rama by the movement of their eyes and eyebrows, they exhibited their  anxiety  and they whispered round among themselves , some legends in secret.                                                         116.3
Seeing their distress Rama , thinking that  they had suspicion about himself, with joined palms in salutation  told the chief   of the sages there.                                                                                                 116.4
“ I think that you are  all not seeing the behaviour in me that   you saw earlier  and I feel that you are agitated by some change in my nature.”                                                                                                          116.5
“Has  the sages seen my younger brother Lakshmana  who thinks about himself , by error behaved in a way  that is unworthy of him?”                                                                                                                          116.6
“Has Sita who is serving you , due to keenness of serving me  behaved in an improper way with you, according to the  conduct suitable for women.”                                                                                             116.7
Then the old sage , old both by penance   and age  spoke  with shivering voice to Rama  who is kind to   all the beings.”                                                                                                                                                     116.8
“Oh dear child, what is there for us to fear above  all from Sita , who has auspicious disposition  and follower  of Dharma.”                                                                                                                                          116.9
“Because  of  enmity to  you the Rakshasas have  started troubling the sages, due to which fear has been created among us  and sages discuss among themselves about  the ways of defense.”                      116.10  
“ Oh son, There is A Rakshasa called Khara who is   the younger brother  of Ravana  and he has uprooted the dwelling of several sages  in Janasthana . He is cruel, eater of human flesh , boaster, victorious in battle , haughty and sinful  and he is not able to  endure  you also.”                                         116.11-116.12
“From the time that you have come  to reside  here  in this hermitage  those Rakshasas  continue to ill treat  the sages.”                                                                                                                                                116.13
“They appear to be cruel,   grotesque   and fearful , and were ugly to look at  and not very pleasant to see.”                                                                                                                                                                      116.14
“They throw  inauspicious ugly objects  on the saints   and those wicked people stand in front of the sages   and kill them.”                                                                                                                                       116.15
“Those evil minded ones  enter in to the hermitages  unnoticed  and enjoy killing the saints   there itself .”                                                                                                                                                                           116.16
“When a fire sacrifice is being performed , they  scatter the vessels used for sacrifice , pour water on the fire and break the   water pots.”                                                                                                                    116.17
“After deciding these retreats which are attacked  by  those souls of evil are not safe , the sages are urging me to leave this place and go elsewhere.”                                                                                 116.18
“So Rama ,   before those  wicked ones  cause bodily injury to the sages , we are thinking of going away from here .”                                                                                                                                   116.19
“In a forest not far away from here  which is blessed  by many fruits and roots , is my previous hermitage and all of us are thinking of going there.”                                                                                                     116.20
“Oh lad, it is likely that Khara also may badly and unjustly behave with you  and if you think it better, please come along with us.”                                                                                                                           116.21
“Though you are ever watchful and competent , since you are living with your wife , it is possible that  your stay may become sad.”                                                                                                                           116.22
When that sage told like this to Rama ,   he could not answer the sage properly  as the sage was in a hurry to leave.                                                                                                                                                    116.23
That leader of the sages after  justifying his statement  , took leave of Rama along   with the sages  and went away along with them.                                                                                                                           116.24
When the sages left that place Rama accompanied them for some distance, saluted the leader of the community   and after bidding them farewell  and after receiving their advice returned   to his sacred  hermitage .                                                                                                                                            116.25-116.26
That Lord Rama  did not leave his hermitage  even for a moment after  it was deserted by the sages , but many of those sages acquired many virtues from Rama  , who followed excellent traditions.           116.27

This is the end of the hundred and sixteenth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

117.Rama visits hermitage of sage Athri

(Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita  leave Chithrakuta  and  on their way, they visit   the hermitage of sage Athri.  Sita meets with the sage Anasuya, the wife of  that sage, who talks about the Dharma  of a wife.)

After the sages left that place  Rama started  thinking  and due to very many reasons  he did not like to live  at that place.                                                                                                                                              117.1
‘It is here  that Bharatha , my mothers and the citizens met me  and that memory is chasing me and filling me  with grief.”                                                                                                                                        117.2
“Since the great Bharatha encamped    with his army here , this place has been made exceedingly dirty with dung of horses   and elephants.”                                                                                                            117.3
Having resolved that “We would go to some other place”, Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita set  forth from there.                                                                                                                                                  117.4
After the very famous Rama reached  the hermitage of sage Athri , he prostrated before the sage , who received him like  his son.                                                                                                                                    117.5
That sage after showing great hospitality on Rama  in a fitting way , spoke with kind words   to Lakshmana and Sita.                                                                                                                                             117.6
That follower of Dharma, who was wise , earnest  and one who did good to all beings , called out his aged wife  , who had just come there and who was revered by all  and spoke kind words to her.     117.7
That  great sage told his  highly virtuous ascetic wife Anasuya, who followed principles of  Dharma , “Please honour this Sita” and thereafter he told  Rama  about that female ascetic.                            117.8
“Oh blameless one , once this world was  affected  by constant drought   for ten years. It was Anasuya  who created  roots and fruits as well us filled  up river Ganga with  water. She is the follower of great penance  and one decorated by self imposed religious observances . For ten thousand years she practiced rigorous penance  and  oh lad  , she  removed  all the obstacles  and  for  modifying the divine command converted   ten nights in to one   and this Anasuya  who has just taken bath after  a penance is like mother to you. (Mandavya  cursed Sandili a friend of Anasuya that she will become a widow , one morning within next ten days and Sandili cursed that there would not be dawn anymore  and when Gods approached Anasuya, she converted those ten days in to one day   and saved everybody.)
“This aged  and  famous lady is worthy of worship of all beings  and is well known as “One who does not get jealous ” .Let Sita approach and talk to her .’                                                                                       117.13
Hearing the words of the sage , Rama said “So be it” and  that lady who was a great follower  of Dharma addressed Sita and told.                                                                                                                                   117.14
“Oh daughter of a  king, you have now heard the message of the sage and without delay  meet that lady sage for the  sake of your welfare.”                                                                                                              117.15
Hearing the words of Rama , which were  aimed at her welfare , Sita approached Anasuya , who was the wife of Athri  and an expert in Dharma , and went round her .                                                               117.16
The great  and greatly virtuous Anasuya was feeble, full of wrinkles , with grey hair  being very old , with body trembling always , and shaking like a banana plant in wind  and Sita went and  without haste saluted her and introduced herself by telling her name.                                                             117.17-117.18
Sita saluted that blameless  ascetic  and saluting het with folded hands  and with happiness enquired about her welfare .                                                                                                                                            117.19
That follower of Dharma seeing the glorious Sita who followed Dharma , talking sweet and appeasing words told, “Fortunately you are observing your Dharma.”                                                                      117.20
“Oh pretty Sita, Thank heaven, You are accompanying Rama , who has  left his relations, pride , wealth  and being banished  is living  in the forest.”                                                                                                117.21
“Any lady who is devoted to her dear husband , whether he is town  or in forest, or whether he is a sinner or one who does blessed deeds, she is the greatest gift to the world.”                                     117.22
“For a lady of noble nature  her husband is her god . whether he is of bad character, passionate by nature or devoid of any riches.”                                                                                                                      117.23
“Oh Sita, thinking about everything after performing imperishable and suitable penances , I still do not see a better relation than a husband.”                                                                                                          117.24
“Those evil women, who are overpowered by  carnal desires and  who lord over their husbands ., do not have any understanding of virtue  and vice  in this world.”                                                                       117.25
“Oh Maithili such  women who are in the grip of unworthy acts would reach infamy as well as destruction of Dharma .”                                                                                                                                 117.26
“But those who are endowed with virtues like you and can find the difference between good and bad , would go to heaven like those who perform Dharmic deeds.”                                                                117.27

This is the end of the hundred and seventeenth   chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

118.Sita talks top Anasuya  and tells  the account of her Swayamvara.

(Sita tells Anasuya    that she is familiar of the Dharma of the wife. Anasuya presents ornaments , cloths etc to Sita. He requests her to tell about her Swayamvara.  She tells a detailed account.)

When Anasuya spoke like this ,, Sita without any jealousy , started slowly telling her , words full of reverence .                                                                                                                                                          118.1
“It is a wonder that a great lady like  you should talk to  me this way, for I also know that  a husband is a Guru  to  every lady.”                                                                                                                                        118.2
“”Oh lady , even if my husband leaves   good conduct , even then , I should obey him without any distinction.”                                                                                                                                                       118.3
“What is the necessity to  applaud  a husband , who is kind, who has controlled his senses , always loving, soul of Dharma and one who respects his father   and mother?”                                               118.4
“The very strong Rama behaves with the other consorts of the king  in the same that he behaves with his mother Kausalya.”                                                                                                                                              118.5
“That follower of Dharma who loved the king who is valorous, honours all women his father has  glanced ones setting aside his mother.”                                                                                                                       118.6
“ The wise instructions taught to me  by mother in law, when I was coming this fearful forest bereft of human beings is firmly etched in my mind.”                                                                                                 118.7
“The words taught  to me earlier by my mother at the time of my marriage in front of the sacrificial fire also is etched firmly in my mind.”                                                                                                                 118.8
“Oh lady who practices Dharma, your words reminded me again the advices  given by my mother and mother in law  that for a women the only Dharma that exists is obedience to her husband.”         118.9
“Savithri went to heaven by doing service to her husband and  since following her path  you are also doing service to your husband you will also go to heaven.”                                                                   118.10
‘Rohini , the best among  all ladies and the goddess of the sky, is not seen without moon , even for a second.”                                                                                                                                                        118.11
“ Great ladies like these , who are doing  firm penance on their husbands , by their own blessed deeds  are highly respected in the  world of gods.”                                                                                           118.12
Then Anasuya glad at  hearing the words of Sita , kissed her on her forehead  and said the following with a view to please her.                                                                                                                                   118.13
“Oh Sita  of pure penances, by performing various austerities , I have obtained great power of penance  and using the  strength  of the effect of such penances , I would  make you happy.”                  118.14
“Oh Maithili , your words are befitting you and please my mind and so you please tell me   what I can do for you?”                                                                                                                                                      118.15
Hearing those words Sita was surprised and with a slow smile she said , to her  who has  power of penance “done.(it is OK)”                                                                                                                          118.16
When this was told to the lady who was in expert in Dharma , she was greatly pleased    and told, “I would great joy to you , which would give good results.”                                                                   118.17
“Oh Vaidehi, Oh Sita, I am giving you  the blessed garland, cloth, garland , fragrant creams  and  ointment for the body  and these would always beautify  your limbs  and they are convenient to use  and never fades.”                                                                                                                                   118.18-118.19
“Oh daughter of Janaka, Oh Sita , oh divine one , wear this fragrant cream on your body  like Lakshmi  who enhanced greatness of Vishnu and enhance the  greatness of your husband .”                     118.20
Maithili  accepted  the  cloth, fragrant creams , ointment   as well as the garland , which were incomparable gifts of love .                                                                                                                       118.21
That famous Sita accepted those gifts of love , saluted her, who was rich in penance ,  with hands folded like a dish and sat beside  her.                                                                                                                 118.22
When Sita sat near her , Anasuya  who does firm penance  started asking her  , about a tale which was close to her heart.                                                                                                                                      118.23
“ Oh Sita, I have heard that  the very famous Rama got you by  Swayamvara(self selection) and that is the story that reached my ears.”                                                                                                            118.24
“Oh Maithili , I would like to know this in detail. It would be great , if you can tell this   in extensive manner.”                                                                                                                                                     118.25
When the follower of Dharma told like this , Sita  said, “I will relate that story in detail and let it be heard. “                                                                                                                                                     118.26
“Janaka the follower of Dharma was the king of Mithila , well versed in king’s Dharma and engaged in ruling the earth  properly.”                                                                                                                 118.27
“When one day he was ploughing a circular land for conducting a sacrifice , it seems I arose  there breaking the  earth  and became the daughter of the king.”                                                        118.28
“The king Janaka who was busy scattering hand full of seeds  the seeds was surprised to see me , completely covered with dust.”                                                                                                         118.29
“That childless king took me and kept me on his lap  and telling that I am his daughter , showered great affection on me since then.”                                                                                                                 118.30
“A voice was heard from the space , “Oh king , without any doubt , this divine child  ,  is indeed your daughter .”                                                                                                                                                118.31
“Then my father the king of Mithila, who was a soul of Dharma  was very happy and that  king acquired  large number of properties to me.,”                                                                                                     118.32
“That king of auspicious acts entrusted me to his chief queen who was his favourite  and looked after me with great care  with maternal affection.”                                                                                          118.33
“When my father realized that the proper time has come to unite me with a husband , my father became sad , like a poor man who   was about to lose his wealth.”                                             118.34
“Even though  the father of an unmarried  girl is like Indra , he will be treated inferior by other men and humiliated.”                                                                                                                                                      118.35
“The king realizing that his humiliation would begin soon,  reached the sea of sorrow  and felt like a man without a float and unable to reach the other shore.”                                                                             118.36
“Knowing that I was not born from a women’s womb , in spite of thinking over he could not find a similar and suitable husband for me .”                                                                                                        118.37
“By always thinking about this , a thought occurred in his brain  to perform Swayamvara(Self choice) ceremony  for his daughter.”                                                                                                                        118.38 
“The great Varuna during one of the sacrifices had given him with love an excellent bow, two great arrows and  a quiver.”                                                                                                                                    118.39
“Due to its weight no human being could lift it in spite of great effort  nor the kings able to bend it even in their dreams.”                                                                                                                                             118.40
“My father who was only speaking truth , had earlier invited several kings in his assembly  and placed the great bow before them.”                                                                                                                         118.41
“And he told them, “ Without any doubt  , my daughter would become the wife of any person who can lift this bow along with its string .”                                                                                                               118.42
“ The kings   saw that great bow  which  was very heavy like a mountain  and were not able to lift it and so they saluted the bow and went back. “                                                                                                 118.43
“After a very long time Rama with great luster , came to see the fire sacrifice along with Viswamithra  and Rama along with Lakshmana were  truly men of valour.”                                                              118.44
“ The sage Viswamithra the soul of dharma after being worshipped by my  father , spoke about Rama and Lakshmana to my father.”                                                                                                                     118.45
“These two sons of Dasaratha are desirous  of seeing the bow and so show the bow obtained from devas to the king ‘s son Rama.  “                                                                                                                             118.46
“As soon this was told by the Brahmin , that bow was brought out  and within a minute the very strong one bent that bow  and instantly stretched the string  and drew it.”                                118.47-118.48
“When he was  stretching it , the bow broke in to two  and making a very great sound fell down on the floor.”                                                                                                                                                           118.49
“Then my father who was wedded to truth , having decided to give me to Rama  , raised the vessel containing pure water.”                                                                                                                           118.50
“Though I was being offered , Rama did not accept that offer , without knowing the opinion of his father who was the king of Ayodhya.”                                                                                                              118.51
“Then my father invited  my father in law , the very aged Dasaratha and I was offered to Rama who was well known for his  intelligence .”                                                                                                          118.52
“My father also offered of his own accord  my chaste younger sister Urmila , who has pleasing appearance as wife to Lakshmana.”                                                                                                     118.53
“This is the way in which I was offered to Rama in the Swayamvara and I love my husband the valiant Rama  in accordance with Dharma.”                                                                                                    118.54

This is the end of the hundred and eighteenth    chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

119.Rama   takes leave of sage Athri and proceeds further

(After Sita tells Rama all that Anasuya asked and showed him all that she gave , they take leave of the sage and go deep in to the forest.)

Anasuya the follower of Dharma after hearing that great story , hugged Sita and kissed her , on her  head.                                                                                                                                                              119.1
“You have with clear words drawn a  sweet picture  about what happened during the Swayamvara  and I now clearly know what happened  and I  firmly enjoyed , Oh sweet speaking Sita.”                     119.2
“The sun is drawing the peaceful  night near him and is setting and the twittering of   birds   which were wandering everywhere in search of food  during the day time and after  seeing the twilight  are returning for sleep and rest , is heard.”                                                                                            119.3-119.4
“These sages   who are wet with bating are returning with   the water filled water pot  and completely wet   cloths made of bark.”                                                                                                                             119.5
“The sages have lit the fire  for doing worship of the fire as per rules  and the wafting smoke of the colour of the pigeon is being seen.”                                                                                                             119.6
“In spite of having sparse leaves , the trees appear dense  and the four directions , which draw our senses apart  do not shine brilliantly.”                                                                                                       119.7
“The nocturnal animals have started moving about  and the domestic animals of the hermitage have started sleeping around the altar.”                                                                                                            119.8
“Oh Sita , the night  decorated by  the orbit of stars has commenced  and the moon appears to rise spreading the mantle of moon light .”                                                                                                      119.9
“I am giving consent for you to go now to Rama. Go and be companion to Rama And I would like to tell  that I am greatly pleased with your sweet story telling.”                                                                    119.10
“Oh Maithili, decorate yourself in my presence  and cause me happiness  by decorating yourself with these divine ornaments.”                                                                                                                           119.11
Then Sita decorated herself with those ornaments and looked like the daughter of devas  and saluted Anasuya with bent head  and went to meet  Rama.                                                                             119.12
The most eloquent Rama  after seeing Sita  well ornamented  was greatly pleased with the loving presents given by  that  lady saint.                                                                                                           119.13
Sita the princess of Mithila  related everything to Rama and showed him  the cloths, jewels and garlands so lovingly given to her.                                                                                                                             119.14
Both  Rama and the great charioteer Lakshmana were extremely pleased  seeing the honour done to Sita which was very rare among human beings.                                                                                          119.15
Thereafter the descendent of  Raghu   who had a face like moon , having been extended a great hospitality by those great   sages, , passed the auspicious night happily.                                       119.16
When the night came to an end Rama and Lakshmana took bath and performed sacred offerings to   the fire  and after worshipping the forest  took leave of those sages.                                                    119.17
Those sages who live in the forest and who follow Dharma  told them that  the forest was overwhelmed by movement of Rakshasas.                                                                                                                     119.18
“Oh Rama , in this  great forest   flesh eating Rakshasas   of different forms  and blood drinking wild animals  reside.”                                                                                                                                           119.19
“Oh Rama in this great forest, they eat away impure or not vigilant   sages  and please prevent them.” 
“There is a path in the forest through which sages collect food and fruits and through this path you can cross this impassable forest easily.”                                                                                                          119.21
Then those sages saluted Rama   and they blessed  the slayer of enemies Rama, for a safe journey  and after that Rama entered  the forest like a sun entering the cloud   along with his wife and Lakshmana. 

This is the end of the hundred and nineteenth    chapter  Of  the book Ayodhya   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

End of Ayodhya  Kanda

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