Thursday, October 24, 2013

Aranya Kandam 1-16

Aranya Kandam

The  Book of the forest

Translated by

   ( This book  starts with the reaching of Rama to Dandakaranya (Literally punishing forests) and  ends  with the  abduction of Sita   by Ravana  and killing of Kabandha who advises Rama to meet Sabari  and later Sugreeva.)

1.Rama   enters Dandakaranya

(Rama along with Sita and Lakshmana    enters the Dandaka forest.  The poet then describes the forest as the house   of several sages. Those sages  receive  Rama, Lakshmana and Sita hospitably  and seek their protection.)

That Rama  steeped in the knowledge of himself  and one who  cannot be defeated    entered the great Dandakaranya  and saw  several hermitages of saints.                                                                                    1.1
That place with several cloths made of grass was filled with the aura of Vedic wealth  and was like the disc of the sun, difficult to see  by the naked eye.                                                                                             1.2
That place which gave protection to all beings  had courtyards filled with many deer and surrounded by flocking birds and was kept very clean.                                                                                                               1.3
Daily being worshipped by dancing groups of celestial  maidens , with broad fire places, vessels, hides  grass , sticks meant for sacrifice , pots filled with water  and fruits and  roots  for  the Yagna that place shined  and it was also blessed   with huge shining trees.                                                                      1.4-1.5
That place was sanctified  by auspicious offerings in the fire, filled up with the sound of chanting of Vedas by Brahmins, was  with scattered flowers  and lotus ponds filled   with lotus flowers  and surrounded by self restrained old and great sages living on fruits and roots  and dressed in bark garments as well as deer skin.”                                                                                                                     1.6-1.7
Those great sages  who were  taking  food according to  rules were shining with auspiciousness  and their hermitages were shining like the abode of Brahma and filled   with  sound of chanting of Vedas.
It was shining with venerable Brahmins  who were scholars of Vedas  and seeing those cluster  of hermitages , Rama , untied his bow and went  inside  with great luster.                                                    1.9
Those sages    who had divine knowledge after  seeing Rama and Sita were well pleased and  went to receive   them.                                                                                                                                                      1.10
Seeing that famous  follower of Dharma  shining like a moon along with Lakshmana and Sita ,  those saints chanting auspicious greetings went   forward to receive them.                                              1.11-1.12
Those people who lived in the forest  , saw  the very pretty Rama  with auspicious features and pretty form with great awe .                                                                                                                                            1.13
Without battling their eye lashes  and with great wonder those people living in the forest saw Rama, Lakshmana    and Sita.                                                                                                                                           1.14
Those great people who were interested in the welfare  of all beings , took the guests inside a leaf thatched hut and made them sit comfortably.                                                                                                 1.15
Those great  people who can be compared to fire  and who were followers of Dharma  then extended hospitality to Rama and offered him water.                                                                                                    1.16
Those followers of Dharma after offering fruits, roots  and flowers  from the hermitage to the great Rama, with salutations   told him.                                                                                                                       1.17
“Sir, you are  very famous as the protector of Dharma, and  offer protection to those who seek it from you .You are also fit to be worshipped, a gentleman and one who awards punishment.”                  1.18
“Oh Rama in this world the king is considered quarter  of Indra  and so he enjoys pleasures and is respected by people.”                                                                                                                                        1.19
“As we are living in your kingdom, we should be protected by you , whether we stay in the city  or  in the forest as you are the lord and king of the people.”                                                                                    1.20
“Oh king, we have won over our anger, have  control our senses , unarmed  and are people whose wealth is their penance  and we are like your children and so you should protect us always.”         1.21
After telling this , they offered to Rama along with Lakshmana with reverence fruits , roots as well as flowers from the forest  , as well as different eatables.                                                                               1.22
Like that those sages and Sidhas  resembling fire and great followers of Dharma  and law  pleased the god like  Rama in a fitting manner.                                                                                                                  1.23

This is the end of the first chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

2.Rama  Meets Viradha

( Viradha a  giant with horrifying form appears before Rama and   catches hold of Sita and keeps her on his lap. Rama is slightly scared    as well as horrified .Lakshmana tells Rama that   he would kill  Viradha.)

That Rama who was greatly satisfied , immediately after sun rise took leave of those saints , entered  the forest.                                                                                                                                                                          2.1
That Rama saw who was followed by Lakshmana saw that the forest was crowded with many types of animals and  occupied by boars   and tigers .,Many of the trees , climbers and bushes had been cleared  there and it was difficult to find water bodies  and it was filled with noise of birds and  insects . 2.2-2.3
While Sita and Rama were wandering in that place populated  by  horrible beasts  they  saw a man eater  who looked like the tip of the mountain.                                                                                                      2.4
That funny person  was having huge eyes, broad mouth . greatly large  belly  and had the looks of a disfigured   and disgusting person and had dreadful appearance.                                                              2.5 
Wearing a skin of a tiger , drenched  with marrow , sprinkled with blood , with wide mouth open  that being  was frightening all beings like the  god of death.                                                                                  2.6
He  was holding by its teeth three lions, four tigers, two wolves . ten deer  and head  of an elephant  and was wet with the marrow of those animals  and pierced with a iron spear  the head of a great elephant  and produced very great sound.                                                                                                                        2.7
Seeing Rama, Lakshmana and Sita the princess of Mithila , he  ran towards  them with great anger as if it is the God of death.                                                                                                                                                   2.8
Creating a very horrible sound and also shaking the earth , he  caught hold of Sita and kept her on its lap and then said.                                                                                                                                                          2.9
“Both of you with matted hair and dressed in bark  along with your wife   have entered this Dandakaranya  wearing the bow and arrows and your life is going to end now.  “                                  2.10
”How is it that though you are saints , you are living with your wife? You are youngsters not following Dharma  and ones insulting  the saints.”                                                                                                          2.11
“I am Viradha by name and wander well armed in this impassable forests  always eating the flesh of sages.”                                                                                                                                                                      2.12   
“This very blessed lady  would become my wife and I would drink the blood of both of you  in the battle .”                                                                                                                                                                                 2.13
Hearing the bad and very proud words of that bad soul Viradha , the daughter of Janaka  became bewildered out of fear.                                                                                                                                          2.14
Sita due to great fear was shaking like a banana plant in a strong wind  and Rama seeing the pure one in the hold of Viradha , with a parched throat   told Lakshmana.                                                             2.15-2.16
“Oh gentle one , see how the famous daughter  of king Janaka who is my wife observing all virtues and who is brought up with all love ,  has been caught by Viradha”                                                                    2.17
“Oh Lakshmana, what Kaikeyi desired  for us through her  boon  , has already has  happened    to us  today.”                                                                                                                                                                      2.18
“That far sighted lady not being contented with asking the kingdom for her son, sent me who is loved by all beings to the  forest  and the desire of my middle mother has now been fulfilled.”                   2.19-2.20
“The touching of Sita by others is the greater sorrow to me   than my father’s death or the stealing of my kingdom.”                                                                                                                                                                2.21
While the son of Kakustha clan spoke like this and was shedding tears , Lakshmana angry like a elephant which has been tied , said.                                                                                                                                 2.22
“Oh son of Kakustha clan, Oh Lord of all  beings , you are like Indra and when I am in your service  why are becoming sad?”                                                                                                                                              2.23
“I who am very angry is going to kill this Rakshasa by an arrow and his blood would be drunk by this earth.”                                                                                                                                                                    2.24
“I will release the  anger that I have on Bharatha who yearned for the kingdom on this Viradha  and it will hit him like the Vajrayudha  of Indra.”                                                                                                     2.25
“By the speed generated by the strength of my arms , the arrow that I sent would fall with high speed on his body and he will die and body after  turning would fall on the earth.                                                2.26

This is the end of the second chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

3.The  fight with Viradha

(Viradha tells Rama that he cannot be harmed by any weapon   due to the boon of Brahma . Though Rama and Lakshmana fight with him using arrows they are  not able to harm him, Viradha   catches hold of Rama and Lakshmana and carries   them inside the forest.)

Afterwards Viradha completely filling up the forest asked, “Please tell me who you , young people are and where are you going?”                                                                                                                                    3.1
Then That Viradha echoing  his voice in the forest said, “I am asking both of you , young men? Why are you not speaking? Where are you going?”                                                                                                         3.2
Then the greatly lustrous one told that Rakshasa  with a burning  face , “We belong to the Ikshuvaku clan.”                                                                                                                                                                          3.3
“We are the people observing the  Dharma of Kshatriyas and have now come to the forest and we wish to know about you and to know why you are wandering in the Dandaka forest?”                                   3.4
To Rama who was shining due to truth that Viradha said, “Great, Oh king , I would tell  and understand that well, Oh Raghava.”                                                                                                                                        3.5
“I am the son of Java and my mother is Sathahrudha  and I am called Viradha by all the Rakshasas on earth.”                                                                                                                                                                      3.6
“By pleasing Lord Brahma by great penance I got a boon that I cannot be killed or cut or  slit by any weapon.”                                                                                                                                                                 3.7
“Leave this lady here and without any requirements go away from here with speed , then both your lives would not be taken.”                                                                                                                                             3.8
Rama replied with a blood shot eyes due to anger to that Rakshasa Viradha with an ugly body and who had evil intentions.                                                                                                                                               3.9
“Fie upon you, oh knave , you are in the quest of death due to evil acts  and surely you would get it in this fight. Stay there , as your life would not be spared.”                                                                           3.10
Then after getting ready his bow , Rama shot at him very sharp arrows with great speed aiming properly at the Rakshasa,”                                                                                                                                                  3.11
From that bow seven arrows of  with a sting  which were ornamented in gold and  which had very  great speed   were released and they had speed of Garuda and the wind God. Those  arrows which were equal to hell along with feathers  of peacock , pierced the body of Viradha  but fell on the ground  coated with blood.                                                                                                                                        3.12- 3.13
When the arrows stuck that Rakshasa , he kept Sita down ,  took a spear  and rushed towards  Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                                        .                                                     3.14
Then that Rakshasa  making a very loud horrible sound , taking a spear which was similar to the flag of Indra , appeared  with his mouth open like the God of death.                                                                     3.15
And these two brothers  showered arrows with great luster on the Rakshasa called Viradha   who looked like a god of death who destroys other beings.                                                                                               3.16
Then that Rakshasa laughed loudly   and yawned  and as he was yawning all those arrows which were coming swiftly at him fell down.                                                                                                                         3.17
That Rakshasa due to the boon that he has obtained just by mere touch regulated  the five airs of his body , took the spear  and ran after  Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                        3.18
That spear which was like the Vajrayudha shined in the sky was cut by use of two arrows by Rama who was one who scared  his enemies.                                                                                                                     3.19
That spear which was broken by Rama ‘s arrow   fell on the ground like mount Meru being broken in to two pieces   by Vajrayudha.                                                                                                                                  3.20
Then both of them lifted their sword  which looked like a black serpent and at once fell upon him and struck with that weapon.                                                                                                                                      3.21
Being struck that angry Rakshasa intended to set out after catching those tiger among men  who cannot be shaken.                                                                                                                                                               3.22
Having understood his intention Rama told Lakshmana “Let him carry us through this path and there is no need to stop him.”                                                                                                                                           3.23
“Oh son of Sumithra, let the Rakshasa carry us , for the direction by the nocturnal one   is the proper direction.”                                                                                                                                                                3.24
Puffed up with great pride due to his great strength that one who moves at night , held them on his shoulders and started  moving.                                                                                                                           3.25
Carrying them on his shoulders that Viradha  who moves in darkness  with loud screaming proceeded to the forest.                                                                                                                                                                3.26
He entered the forest  which was like a great cloud  and which was filled with trees of various shapes and also filled various type of wonderful birds  , foxes and various wild animals.                                    3.27

This is the end of the  third chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

4.Rama and Lakshmana kill Viradha

(Rama and Lakshmana  break the hands of Viradha . He falls down. Since weapons   are not able to kill him, they prepare to bury him. He tells them that he in Dhumburu cursed by Khubera and would regain his form if killed by Rama. He tells them to go to the hermitage of  Sarabhanga and dies. Rama and Lakshmana bury him.)

Sita seeing that  both Rama and Lakshmana  were being carried away on the  great shoulders of the Rakshasa shouted at the top of her voice.                                                                                                           4.1
“The truthful  and pure Rama who is the son of Dasaratha and who is of great character , along with Lakshmana   is being taken away by a dreadful Rakshasa” said Sita.                                                              4.2
“I would be eaten away by the bears, tigers   and panthers here  and so Rakshasa  I am saluting you to take me away  and leave those sons of Kakustha clan.                                                                                     4.3
When Rama  and Lakshmana heard those words of Vaidehi  they  started speedily actions to kill that  wicked person.                                                                                                                                                          4.4
With great anger the son of Sumithra broke one of his shoulders  and  Rama broke  the right shoulder quickly.                                                                                                                                                                        4.5
That confused Rakshasa  who was like a dark cloud  and who was  without both shoulders  fell on the ground like  a mountain felled by the Vajrayudha.”                                                                                          4.6
They lifted the Rakshasa   holding his knees,  fists and feet  and dropped him down again and again and pounded him on the ground.                                                                                                                                 4.7
Though stuck and wounded by many arrows , cut by the swords and repeatedly  pounded  , that Rakshasa was not dead.                                                                                                                                         4.8
That Gentle Rama who protects from fear  those who are afraid, after observing that the mountain like Rakshasa could not be killed   told Lakshmana.                                                                                                 4.9
“Oh tiger among men, This Rakshasa  due to the boons obtained  by penance  cannot be killed by any weapon and so let us bury him.”                                                                                                                       4.10
“Oh Lakshmana , this elephant like Rakshasa  is angry  and reflects the glow of anger in him and  to bury  him , dig a very   big pit.”                                                                                                                                    4.11
After telling that a big pit may be dug that valorous  Rama stood there firmly keeping his leg on the neck of Viradha.                                                                                                                                                              4.12
Hearing Rama say these words  that Viradha in a gentle manner told the son of the Kakustha clan who was tiger among men.                                                                                                                                          4.13
“Oh tiger among men, I  have been killed by your strength which is equal to that of Indra  and without realizing that being disillusioned I spoke those words earlier.                                                                     4.14
“I now know you Rama as the  good son of Kausalya and Sita as a great lady  and Lakshmana as a great man.”                                                                                                                                                                       4.15
“I was Thumburu , a celestial Gandharwa singer who was   cursed by Khubera and took this ugly repulsive  form.”                                                                                                                                                    4.16
“When I appeased him that great lord said, “When you would be killed in war by Rama , the son of Dasaratha   you would get back your original form.”                                                                                      4.17
“This curse was  given to me  by the king Khubera  when I did not present  for his service as I was involved  in love with Rambha.”                                                                                                                          4.18
“Oh Rama who troubles his enemies, by your grace , I have got rid of my curse  and I am going to my own world wishing you safety and luck.”                                                                                                           4.19
“Oh lad , half a Yojana (one mile) distance from here  lives a famous saint Sarabhanga who has luster like the sun  and you go and meet him speedily  and he would  bestow fame on you.”                         4.20-4.21
“You may go with safety after burying me in this pit for burying a Rakshasa   is a eternal Dharma  and would take them to heaven.”                                                                                                                               4.22
That Viradha who was hurt by the arrows , after  speaking like this to the son of the Kakustha clan , left the body and reached the heaven.                                                                                                                      4.23
When Rama heard these words  , he ordered Lakshmana to dig a  very wide pit to bury that  Rakshasa of dreadful acts  who was like an elephant and that valorous one stood there with  his feet on the neck of that  Rakshasa called Viradha.                                                                                                                     4.24-4.25
Then Lakshmana after fetching  a very big spade    and  dug a big  pit by the side of that  great Rakshasa called Viradha.                                                                                                                                                        4.26
Then Rama took his feet and released the pressure on the neck of Viradha and he with pointed ears  fell in to the pit with roaring terrible sound.                                                                                                            4.27
Both those valorous Rama and Lakshmana who were stable in war  and brave , moved together swiftly  and with great strength lifted the Rakshasa who was roaring and dropped him in the pit.                    4.28
Seeing that  the big Asura could not be killed  by arrows or any other weapons , those tiger among men  and who were intelligent and efficient undertook to kill Viradha in that pit.                                             4.29
Viradha  himself wanted to die at the hands of Rama in a true manner with force and  he himself revealed to those people who were  wandering in the forest that  he could not be killed by any weapons. 
When Rama heard those words of the Rakshasa , he intended to kill him by placing him in a pit  and when they were placing him in the pit he shouted in a loud voice which echoed    in the forest.           4.31
Rama and Lakshmana appeared to be joyous when placing that Viradha in a pit , since that would end the fear in that forest and then the covered the Rakshasa   with boulders    and mud.                            4.32
After killing that Rakshasa , Rama and Lakshmana who were endowed with golden bows took care  of Sita  and then both of the them moved in the forest resembling the sun and moon in the sky.             4.33

This is the end of the  fourth  chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

5. Rama meets    sage Sarabhanga

(When Rama approaches hermitage  of Sarabhanga, he sees Indra talking to him but Indra leaves without meeting Rama.  Sarabhanga tells Rama that  Indra offered to take him to the world of Brahma but he refused as he wanted to meet Rama.  He then advises Rama to go to the hermitage of Sutheeshna and then gives up his body.)

After killing that very strong Rakshasa Viradha  in the forest , after embracing Sita  and comforting her , that Valorous elder brother Rama  told Lakshmana who had great luster.                                                  5.1
“Since we   are not inhabitants of the forest , life in this impassable forest is difficult  and let us go quickly to meet Sarabhanga  who is rich with penance .”                                                                               5.2
When Raghava approached the hermitage of Sarabhanga, he could see a great wonder  near  that divine sage   with a purified soul .                                                                                                                              5.3-5.4
In the sky he saw Indra the lord of the three   worlds, shining like the Sun and the fire , wearing similarly shining ornaments  and dressed in spotlessly clean dress  mounted on a chariot that   was not touching  the earth adored and worshipped  by many great souls.                                                                            5.5-5.6
He   saw that Chariot was standing in space and was yoked to horses   of green colour  , which was shining like   a young sun , which was similar to dense white clouds   and  which was similar to the moon.   
He saw the very  pure Umbrella  which was decorated by a multi colour garland  along with fans with golden handles which were fanned by two deva women  near the head  of Indra.                                    5.9
That  great Indra was being praised by  Gandharwas, Sidhas , devas  and very many great sages, all of them standing on the sky  .                                                                                                                                   5.10
When Indra was seen to be talking with sage Sarabhanga , noticing Indra  , Rama told to  Lakshmana.
Rama seeing that Chariot showed it to Lakshmana “See that shining   wonder , Oh Lakshmana which is the chariot travelling in the sky   and shining like a Sun.”                                                                      5.12-5.13
“Those horses which we are seeing are owned by Devendra , which we have heard  travel in the sky   and that is really wonderful.”                                                                                                                               5.14
“Oh tiger among men, Oh son of Sumithra  around the chariot one hundred young men wearing ear studs are   standing and each of them are holding a sword  in their hands .All of them   have very broad chest  and they wear red coloured cloths  and it is difficult  to overpower them as they look like huge tigers . Each of them also wear  chains which give out luster similar to  fire  and they all appear to be  about twenty five years old.”                                                                                                                     5.15-5.17
“Seeing those men who are   among the best , we can presume that they are devas , who do not seem to grow old at all.”                                                                                                                                                       5.18
“Oh Lakshmana , you stay here   for a little time along with Vaidehi , and I would go there  to find out clearly about who this shining person is.”                                                                                                          5.19
Requesting the son of Sumithra to wait there , the son of Kakustha clan went towards   the hermitage of Sarabhanga.                                                                                                                                                             5.20
Then Indra, the husband of Sachi seeing the approaching Rama , went near  the sage Sarabhanga   and told to him privately as follows.                                                                                                                         5.21
“Here comes Rama and I would not talk to him now  as he would be eligible to talk to me only after he completes   his mission .I am sure that in another short time  he would accomplish his task   and that task , which he would succeed would be impossible   for others to complete.”                             5.22-5.23
Then That Indra after telling this to  that sage and after honouring him , got in to the chariot yoked to the horses   and went to  the heaven.                                                                                                            5.24
Seeing that Indra was departing Rama went back  and along with his companions  went towards Sarabhanga who was worshipping the fire.                                                                                                    5.25
Rama , Lakshmana and Sita saluted the feet of that saint  and responding to the instruction to sit , occupied a seat.                                                                                                                                                  5.26
Then Rama asked   about the visit of Indra with that sage Sarabhanga and he  told about it Completely  to Rama.                                                                                                                                                             5.27
“Oh Rama, Since I have done very great penance and attaining that which is very difficult to attain by others , he wanted  to take me to the world of Brahma,”                                                                       5.28
“Oh tiger among men, since I knew that   you are very nearby , I did not want to go to the world of Brahma , without seeing you.”                                                                                                                      5.29
“Oh tiger among men, only after meeting you , who is a great by performance of Dharma  , I wanted to go to heaven for being served by  the devas.”                                                                                            5.30
“Oh tiger among men, I have conquered   the  auspicious heavens   where  the stay  never  diminishes and there are in the higher planes of Lord Brahma,  and you may accept them from me.”                5.31
“When told like this  by the sage  Sarabhanga ,  Rama, the tiger among men who is an expert in all Sasthras  replied like this.”                                                                                                                               5.32
“Oh great sage , I would earn myself  all the worlds myself. I need to a place for stay in the forest and so please guide me.”                                                                                                                                              5.33
When the Raghava  who is equal in strength to Indra told like  this , the greatly learned Sarabhanga   again told like this.”                                                                                                                                           5.34
“Oh Rama , A soul of Dharma called Sutheeshna who is glorious   and a follower  of Dharma lives in this forest and you approach him  he will guide you in this matter.”                                                            5.35
“You go and approach that sage Sutheeshna  and he would show you a clean place to stay  in this pretty forest and then you can stay there.”                                                                                                          5.36
“Oh Rama , you travel in the opposite direction of Mandakini which carries flowers in boats and  you would reach that place.”                                                                                                                              5.37
“Oh tiger among men , please  for a moment see in this direction and see my body, for I am going  to shed off   this dilapidated body like a snake sheds its skin.”                                                                  5.38
Then the great lustrous Sarabhanga entered the fire kindled by  chanting of Manthras  in the sticks of sacrificial fire.”                                                                                                                                                5.39
Then that fire  burnt the hair on his body  as well as his head  and his worn out skin   as well   as his
flesh.                                                                                                                                                                 5.40
The great Sarabhanga rose from that fire  with a youthful  form  and after emerging out , he looked splendid.                                                                                                                                                           5.41
Then he went out of the world of priests  who constantly kindled fire , great sages and after going beyond the world of devas   went to the world of Brahma.                                                                  5.42
That great Brahmin  who did blessed deeds in the  world  saw Lord Brahma and his people   and Lord Brahma also saw that Brahmin  and gladly welcomed him.                                                                   5.43

This is the end of the  fifth   chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

6. The great sages of the forest meet  Rama

(Many great sages of the forest meet Rama and tell him, how they  are troubled and killed    by Rakshasas. They request him to protect them. Rama promises to do that      and goes   in search of hermitage of Sutheeshna.)

When Sarabhanga reached heaven , many groups of sages  came together and approached Rama who was  having great luster and is the son of the Kakustha clan.                                                                        6.1
Vaikasanas , Valakhilyas, who washed their bodies frequently, Marichakas , Asmakutas ,  saints who  eat leaves as food, saints who de husk grains with their teeth and eat  them, saints who keep only the head above the water , saints who only use their limbs as bed, saints who do not lie down, saints who  live out in the open, saints who take liquid food,  saints who live only   on air , saints who are seated on top of trees , saints who sleep on bare ground , those who observe penance  of fast , saints who have restrained all emotions,  saints who always wear wet cloths , sages  who meditate always, sages who  do penance surrounded by fire beneath the sun and many other saint met Rama  in the hermitage of Sarabhanga  along with Brahmins who were  practicing steadfast yoga.                                                6.2-6.6
Those groups of sages  who were experts in Dharma having reached there   , met  Rama ,  the greatest among practitioners of Dharma and told him.                                                                                                   6.7
“You are the very heroic one  of earth belonging to the clan of Ikshuvakus and one of their important lords  and similar to Indra among devas.”                                                                                                           6.8
“You are well known in all the three worlds , for your valour, devotion to your father, steadfast adherence to truth  and Dharma.”                                                                                                                       6.9
“We have come  to you oh great one  , who is an expert in Dharma as well as lover of Dharma and we are telling you about our need  and we deserve your pardon for that.”                                                    6.10
“Oh lord, that king would  not be doing an act as Dharma if  he collects  one sixth of the income from all but fails to protect them.”                                                                                                                                 6.11
“He who loves  all the people of his country  more than his life and considers them equal to his children  and  protects all of them in a proper manner  forever  , would get fame for a very long time and attain the world  of Brahma and  would remain there  and will be appreciated there also.”                6.12-6.13
“Out of the benefits  got by   sages and saints  living on roots and fruits  by their observing the divine  Dharma, one fourth of it   would go to the king .”                                                                                         6.14
“Oh Rama , most of those who observe Vanaprastha   stage of life are Brahmins  and in spite of their having a ruler like you, they are  tortured  and killed like orphans.”                                                          6.15
“Come in to the  forest and see for yourself  the bodies of those sages  who were meditating on God but were  killed by the Rakshasas  by the fierce Rakshasas,”                                                                              6.16
“A war was waged between those   who live on the Chithrakuta and those living near  Pampa river  which is near river Mandakini.”                                                                                                                         6.17
“We are not able to tolerate the greatly treacherous acts of those very horrible Rakshasas in the forest.”
“So we have come seeking protection by you because  you are  the one capable  of protecting us and since we are being killed by the Rakshasas  , protect us   from them.”                                                       6.19
“Oh valorous one, we cannot find any other person in the world who can protect us   and so Oh prince protect us  from all  those Rakshasas.”                                                                                                            6.20
Hearing this from the sages , that son of Kakustha clan who was an expert in Dharma   told those sages ,
Like this.                                                                                                                                                                6.21
‘”It is  not fitting for you to entreat   like this to me  but as sages you should have ordered me as I am entering this forest   for a personal purpose.”                                                                                              6.22
“For I have entered this forest as per the orders of my father and also to ward off , the evil acts of the Rakshasas against you all.”                                                                                                                              6.23
“Just be chance I came   to this forest to  fulfill your task and so my stay  in the forest surely would  lead to good results.”                                                                                                                                                6.24
“I desire to kill those Rakshasas    who trouble  you sages in a war and oh sages who have earned the treasure of penance , you are going to see  the valour of my brother  and myself.”                          6.25
After promising protection to the sages rich in penance that man who was firm in Dharma   along with his brother Lakshmana and those great ascetics  started to meet Sutheeshna  who deserves   to be respected.                                                                                                                                                        6.26

This is the end of the  sixth    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

7.Rama meets sage Sutheeshna

(Rama goes to the hermitage of Sutheeshna . The sage advised  them to stay there itself as he was preparing   to go to heaven.)

Rama the destroyer of enemies.,, along with Lakshmana and Sita as well as those sages went to the hermitage   of Sutheeshna.                                                                                                                             7.1
After going with difficulty for a long distance , after crossing many rivers with plenty of  pure water , Rama saw a mountain which looked like a great cloud.                                                                             7.2
Then the sons of the Ikshuvaku clan along with  Sita  entered a forest dense with various trees .     7.3
Then they saw in that the  harsh forest which was full of trees with lot of flowers and fruits   a lonely hermitage where  the bark dresses were hung for drying.                                                                        7.4
There they saw a sage  of advanced penance Sutheeshna with dirty and soiled  matted hair and as per his duty  , Rama   spoke  to him.                                                                                                                        7.5
“Oh God like sage, I am Rama  and I have come to see you  a great sage of valour , who is a follower of Dharma and who radiates truth and so please talk to me.”                                                                        7.6
Then that sage  seeing the  courageous Rama who was the best among those who follow Dharma , hugged him with his hands and told.                                                                                                                 7.7
“Oh Rama ,  great one of Raghu clan who is observer of truth, welcome to you and with your coming this hermitage has a lord to protect it.”                                                                                                                    7.8
“ Oh valorous one , Without going to heaven after leaving the earth , I am waiting for you  who is with great fame , when I heard that you have left your kingdom and reached Chithrakuta.”                        7.9
“Oh son of Ikshuvaku clan, Indra  who is the king of devas had come here and that great deva  who is also the God of devas told me that I have won over all the worlds  due to my blessed deeds.” 7.10-7.11
“Those places which have been won by me  are desirable  even to the divine sages  and you along with Sita and Lakshmana can move about  in those places by my grace.                                                           7.12
To that great sage  who had done  very  great penance and who  is the votary of truth, Rama who had  great self respect replied.                                                                                                                                   7.13
“Oh great sage , I would myself attain those great places and  I desire  you to  direct me to a place of residence in the forest.”                                                                                                                              7.14
“You  maintain welfare everywhere  and are interested in the well being of all people and you were introduced to me by the sage Sarabhanga of Gautama clan.”                                                                     7.15
When Rama told like this , that great sage who was famous in all the three worlds  spoke these sweet words  of happiness coupled with greatness.                                                                                                 7.16
“Oh Rama , this place where many sages have moved in is a good place and you can move in to this hermitage blessed with fruits and roots.”                                                                                                       7.17
“Oh greatly famous one , groups of various animals move about freely  in to this hermitage  tempting  the inmates without any fear.”                                                                                                                          7.18
“There is no problem in this hermitage except the movement of wild animals  and hearing those words Rama as well as Lakshmana  without any fear  lifted their bows and arrows and told these fearless words.                                                                                                                                                                     7.19
“Oh great saint  , if groups of wild animals come here  , we would  kill all of them using these sharp edged arrows which are comparable to thunderbolts.”                                                                               7.20
“Oh sage , you please get ready. Are there any other things more difficult than that?  We feel that our stay here would not be long.”                                                                                                                           7.21
After having spoken that way Rama , seeing that the dusk has set in , Rama completed the worship of the dusk facing west  and decided to stay there in that delightful  hermitage  of Sutheeshna  along with Lakshmana and Sita.                                                                                                                                 7.22-7.23
After the dusk has passed and night has set in  the sage Sutheeshna himself offered pure food   to the great among men and also offered them great hospitality.                                                                      7.24

This is the end of the  seventh    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

8.Rama  talks with sage Sutheeshna   and accepts his hospitality

(Rama wants to go the hermitages  of all other saints in Dandakaranya. Sutheeshna approves the idea and  wants them to stay in his hermitage whenever they like. Rama    takes leave of sage  Sutheeshna)

Rama and Lakshmana who were honourably treated by sage Sutheeshna , spent the night there and woke up in the morning.                                                                                                                                   8.1
Rama along with Sita got up at the usual time  and touched  the cold water  with the fragrance of lotus flower.                                                                                                                                                                        8.2
Then  at the proper time Vaidehi, Rama and Lakshmana worshipped the fire as well as devas according to rules  in the hermitage of the sage  and after seeing the sun without blemishes    after  it rose , approached Sutheeshna   and spoke these  gentle words.                                                                        8.3-8.4
“We had a good stay here , oh God like sage , being  greatly treated by you  and as the sages are hastening us up, we would like your permission to leave.”                                                                              8.5
“We are hurrying up as we want to see  all the hermitages of all  the blessed saints who live  in the Dandakaranya forest .”                                                                                                                                            8.6
“We seek your permission to go along with these  virtuous sages , who are self controlled  and as pure  as fire.”                                                                                                                                                                        8.7
“We wish to leave before   the sun starts shining  leading to intolerable heat , like one of improper lineage getting wealth in an improper way.” Saying this Rama, Lakshmana along with Sita   touched the feet of the saint.                                                                                                                                                8.8-8.9
The sage lifted Rama and Lakshmana  who bent and touched his  feet , embraced them tightly   and said the following.                                                                                                                                                          8.10
“Oh Rama along with son of Sumithra and this Sita who is following you like your shadow   go safely in this path .”                                                                                                                                                              8.11
“Oh Rama see the beautiful location of hermitages   of the people living  in  Dandakaranya and oh valorous  one , in them live sages  who are steadfast in their penance.”                                                   8.12
“You will see pretty forests with roots and fruits in abundance , with plenty  of flowers,  with best collection of animals , with spots filed with peaceful birds  and forest areas with full bloomed lotus flowers , with pure water sources , With pretty tanks and lakes filled with ducks, with waterfalls coming down from the mountain  and filled with sound of peacocks.”                                                            8.13-8.15
“Oh dear child , you may go and Oh Lakshmana you may also go  and after seeing all the other hermitages  you may again come here.”                                                                                                            8.16
After this was told that son of Kakustha clan along with Lakshmana , went round the sage with reverence  and began to leave from there.                                                                                                       8.17
Then Sita gave those two brothers  auspicious quivers , bows as well as arrows and also gave them  pure swords.                                                                                                                                                            8.18
That Rama and Lakshmana, after tying those auspicious quivers  and after taking those arrows and bows which make thunderous twang  started to go away from the hermitage .                                                 8.19
Those two pretty sons of Raghu clan,  blessed with auspiciousness and shining with their own luster , bearing the bow and arrows started along with Sita.                                                                                    8.20

This is the end of the  eighth    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

9.Sita advises   Rama

(Sita feels that Rama should not get   in to a spree   of killing Rakshasas, without any enmity with them. She illustrates this with an instance of a great    sage getting a sword from Indra and using it to kill others  , he goes to hell.  )
Addressing the son of the Raghu clan who was going forth after taking permission from Sutheeshna , Vaidehi told these friendly words from her heart.                                                                                             9.1
“Your great self will  not attain Dharma   if  we  are examining it minutely  in this world by  acting  based on  your  desires.”                                                                                                                                                    9.2
“By taking recourse to one’s desires  three things are attained and these are  telling untrue words which is very bad , desiring someone else’s wife  and getting angry without enmity  .”                                       9.3
“Since  in the past you never told untrue words , it cannot be there in future  and Oh Raghava , how can desiring some else’s wife which destroys dharma be in you?”                                                                        9.4
“Oh king among men, that never  was within your heart  and never it will be there , Oh Rama,  Oh prince as you are always interested in your wife.”                                                                                                  9.5-9.6
“You are a follower of Dharma, a teller of truth, follower of your father’s words  and in you Dharma, truth and everything good is established.”                                                                                                   9.7
“And oh great man, for the one who has won over his senses , it is possible  for you to shoulder all this and oh graceful one ,  I  know well, about how you control  your senses. .”                                           9.8
“The third one is torturing others only due to your anger which is done without your realizing it  and I think that you are having it now.”                                                                                                                   9.9
“Oh valorous one , you have given your word to those  sages who live in Dandakaranya , that you would kill   Rakshasas for protecting the sages.”                                                                                                    9.10
“Because you have arrived here with your brother armed with  bow and arrows, this forest has got the name punishing forest.”                                                                                                                                  9.11  
“Seeing  that  my  well prepared mind is filled with anxiety , for thinking about bearing , I think   that which is not good for you would happen.”                                                                                                9.12
“ Oh valorous one , I do not like   your going to the Dandaka forest and I will tell you the reason, please hear it.”                                                                                                                                                               9.13
“When you enter the forest armed with bow and arrow , along with your brother , would you not use  those against those who  travel in the forest.”                                                                                           9.14
“For the Kshatriyas , bow within their reach is like a fuel within reach of fire, for both   increase the strength.”                                                                                                                                                           9.15
“Oh very strong one , long time back, there was a saint  who was pure and truthful  and that forest was occupied by birds and animals.”                                                                                                                    9.16
“Indra , the husband of Sachi came  in the form of a soldier to the hermitage  holding a great   sword  to create disturbance to the penance .”                                                                                                            9.17
“He then gave that  great sword to the hermitage for safe keeping  , when the saint was sitting in penance.”                                                                                                                                                            9.18
‘He who received that weapon , to protect the trust that was placed on him, moved about in the forest always keeping the sword with him.”                                                                                                            9.19
“Wherever he goes ,  whether  it is  to collect  fruits  or roots , the saint who was interested in guarding it , did not go without the sword.”                                                                                                                 9.20
“That Saint rich in penance , slowly  got in to the habit of carrying the weapon and he slowly got in to the habit of becoming angry  losing his determination to do penance.”                                             9.21
“And then with the constant  company of  the weapon , that sage  started getting associated with acts which are not according to Dharma and  went to hell.”                                                                           9.22
“This is the story that happened due to the constant association with weapon  showing association with weapon is like the fuel getting associated  with fire.”                                                                               9.23
“I am telling all this with love and respect and not reminding you or teaching you  and request you not at any time  hold  your bow  and kill the Rakshasas who are living in Dandaka without any enmity , for a hero  does not like to kill  anyone without an offence  being committed.”                                  9.24-9.25
“Those Kshatriyas and heroes who are habituated  to stay   in the forest , use their bow only to protect those who  suffer.”                                                                                                                                          9.26
“Where it the weapon? Where is the forest? Where is the principle of Kshatriyas ?Where is penance? All these are inconsistent  and so let us follow the laws of the land.”                                                         9.27
“By doing service to weapons , the mind gets maligned and  you may follow the habit of Kshatriyas and go back to Ayodhya.”                                                                                                                                     9.28
“The Love of my father in law and my mother in law   will live forever , if without bothering about  the kingdom, you live a life of a saint.”                                                                                                             9.29
“Wealth shines because of Dharma , pleasure   shines because of Dharma  , due to Dharma we  would get  everything  and the entire essence of earth is Dharma.”                                                                9.30

This is the end of the  ninth    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

10.Rama replies to Sita

(Rama tells Sita that    the sages of Dandakaranya  have been constantly troubled by those  Rakshasas, who prevent them from doing their  penances as well as  fire sacrifices  and as per their request , he had promised them that  he would kill or drive away  those Rakshasas. Since truth is dearer to him than anything else , he cannot desist from that.)

Hearing those words of Vaidehi told because of her devotion  to him,  That Rama who was  firm on following Dharma  replied like this to Janaki.                                                                                                    10.1
“Oh Lady who knows Dharma, Oh daughter of Janaka, You have spoken  friendly , pleasing and beneficial words which shows your great heritage.”                                                                                                          10.2
“Oh divine lady , what shall I reply to those befitting words  , which mentioned  that when a Kshatriya takes the  bow, the tears  of misery ceases to flow.”                                                                                      10.3
“Oh Sita, Those suffering sages of Dandakaranya who are firm in their resolute penance  have themselves approached  me for protection.”                                                                                                   10.4
“Living always in the forest   and subsisting on tubers and fruits , they do not get pleasure due to  being scared  by the cruel acts of Rakshasas.”                                                                                                          10.5
“The very large Rakshasas who eat human flesh , eat away  the sages living in Dandakaranya  and those great Brahmins have come to me  asking to save them.”                                                                            10.6
“After I heard the words that fell  from their mouth , I consoled them by my words and told them, “Be gracious to me ,  this is greatly insulting to me as these should have been done by myself without your request.”                                                                                                                                                         10.7-10.8
“And then I asked those Brahmins in front of me, “What should I do?”  and then all of them together  spoke out to me.”                                                                                                                                                   10.9
“In Dandakaranya there are many Rakshasas who can assume any form that they want  and they torture and trouble us , Rama and so protect us from that.”                                                                                     10.10
“Oh matchless one , they reach us when we are doing Homa  and on full and new moon days   and those flesh eating Rakshasas, who are impossible to resist  trouble us.”                                                             10.11
“We who are sages who do penance , when troubled by those Rakshasas , were searching for protection and you are our only ultimate protector.”                                                                                                       10.12
“Due to the power of the penance that we have done , we are indeed capable to kill those night farers but we do not want to waste , the power of penance that   we have earned in a long time.”             10.13
“There are many obstacles for doing our penance  and observing penance also has become greatly difficult and so though we are being eaten by them, we do not curse them.”                                        10.14
“Those sages of Dandakaranya  who were being persecuted by the Rakshasas said, “Since you are the lord of the jungle, Along with your brother protect us.”                                                                               10.15
“ Oh , daughter of Janaka, Hearing those words , I have given my word for complete protection of those sages of Dandakaranya .”                                                                                                                                   10.16
“Having promised like this to the sages, it is not possible for me to change this course , as truth  is dear to me, is it not?”                                                                                                                                                  10.17
“Now I am prepared to lose my life and to forfeit  even Lakshmana and you , rather than going back from the promise that I gave to those Brahmins.”                                                                                        10.18 
“So Sita, even If I have not been requested , I have to look after  the sages  and Oh Vaidehi , so it is not proper to break my promise.”                                                                                                                            10.19
“Oh Sita, you told those words out of love to me  and due to your good heart  and I am contented  and would not tolerate uninterested ones advising me.”                                                                                     10.20
“Oh pretty one , your  correct and appropriate words are proper to your heritage ,and you are my companion in observing Dharma  and  dearer to me than my own soul.”                                                10.21
After that great one told these words to dear Sita who was the princess of Mithila , Armed with bow , Rama and Lakshmana went to the pretty forest of penance.                                                                       10.22

This is the end of the  tenth   chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

11.Ten  years of Rama’s life  in Dandakaranya

(Rama  stayed  in various places in Dandakaranya     for the first ten years . He happened to see the  lake of Five Apsara maidens. Later he goes back to hermitage  of sage Sutheeshna . Sutheeshna directs him how to go to sage Agasthya ’s ashram. On the way to the hermitage of brother of Agasthya Rama tells about how Agasthya destroyed Vatapi and how under    his care the southern  side of the country prospers. They reach the hermitage of Agasthya.)

Rama proceeding first followed by the very pretty Sita  who was in the middle , followed by Lakshmana armed with a bow proceeded further.                                                                                                               11.1
They (Rama and Lakshmana)  saw  many mountains  and forests of diverse types  and also saw very pretty rivers   along with Sita.                                                                                                                               11.2
Seeing those rivers  on which  cranes and Chakravaka birds  moved over the sand banks , they also saw lakes  having lotus flowers and water birds.                                                                                                      11.3
They moved watching spotted deer  in herds and madly acting large bison  as well bear and elephants which were breaking trees.                                                                                                                                   11.4
They went to a great distance by the time  of sun setting  and there they saw a charming  big lake  of one Yojana dimension . It was full of lotus and water lilies  and was decorated by large number of elephants  and it also had storks  swans and Kadamba water  birds.                                                                      11.5-11.6
In the enchanting waters of that lake  they heard songs played by musical instruments  but they were not able to see any one.                                                                                                                                       11.7
Those great fighters due to curiosity  asked about it to the sage called Dharmabrutha who was  following them .                                                                                                                                                                     11.8
“Oh  great sage, after hearing this greatly wonderful  music , great  inquisitiveness   has been created  among us  and please tell us clearly about it.”                                                                                                11.9
Thus  being asked by the soul of Dharma Raghava, that   sage , speedily started telling about  the greatness  of lake.                                                                                                                                                11.10                            
“This is an all season lake called “Five Apsaras ” built by a sage called Mandakarni by using  his power  of penance.”                                                                                                                                                              11.11
“That great sage Mandakarni did penance for ten thousand years staying in water and consuming air only.”                                                                                                                                                                       11.12
“Then the worried devas  met with each other  and  with Agni in the lead  , started conversing   among  themselves.”                                                                                                                                                          11.13
“That sage is praying for the position of one of us “ Thinking like this  , all the dwellers of heaven  developed a broken mind .”                                                                                                                                11.14
“So all those  devas decided to  cause hindrance to the penance of the sage  and sent five important Apsara maidens who were  like lightning.”                                                                                                      11.15
“Then those Apsara maidens , for fulfilling the work of the devas, . got that sage who knew about this and the other world , entangled him  in the web of passion .”                                                                   11.16
“Those five Apsara maidens became his wives  and then he created  this lake  and made them live underneath it.”                                                                                                                                                      11.17
“When those Apsara  maidens were leading a pleasant life there , they gratified the sage , who has  assumed youthfulness  by the power of penance.”                                                                                        11.18
“This delightful melodies are being heard  , due to their playing musical instruments  mingled with the sound of ornaments when they are engaged in play .”                                                                                 11.19
“The account of the great sage is indeed wonderful “ Said Raghava   along with his brother   who was very famous.                                                                                                                                                          11.20
When he  was talking like this , he saw   a group of hermitages circled by cloth made of grass , which was encompassed by  solemn chant of Veda  and Rama entered in to it along with Lakshmana   and Vaidehi.
Then that son of Kakustha clan stayed  in that  great  cluster of hermitages    for some time with pleasure being venerated by saints. Then the great expert in arrows  went to visit the sages  near  whom he had resided earlier , once again.                                                                                                                     11.22-11.23
He stayed in one place for ten months , in another place for one year , in another place for four months , some where else for five months , yet another place for six months , some other place more than one month , one and half months, three months and eight months in other places.                       11.24-11.25
Like that living in  hermitages  of saints  he comfortably lived happily , ten long years   elapsed  comfortably for him.                                                                                                                                          11.26
Going round that   knower of Dharma Raghava  along with Sita  once again  reached  the  great hermitage of sage Sutheeshna.                                                                                                                       11.27
After coming to that hermitage , that destroyer of enemies Rama , stayed there for some more time , honoured by the sages there.                                                                                                                          11.28
Then one day  that son of Kakustha clan   with humility said to the great sage Sutheeshna    who was   sitting nearby .                                                                                                                                                     11.29
“I have heard from narratives of others that  the very great and godly sage Agasthya  is staying in our forest.”                                                                                                                                                                  11.30
“Due to the forest being very large  I do not  find that place. Where is his  holy hermitage of the great sage situated?.”                                                                                                                                                 11.31
“I want to meet that godly sage for requesting his blessings along with my younger brother and Sita, and wish to  approach that sage  and introduce myself.”                                                                                   11.32
“To visit that great sage is my desire and keeps on occurring again and again , and I want to serve that great   sage myself.”                                                                                                                                            11.33
Hearing these words of Rama that sage Sutheeshna who is the soul of Dharma replied Rama , gladdening  his heart.                                                                                                                                         11.34
“I also desired to tell you that Rama along with Sita and Lakshmana   should  approach that great sage Agasthya.”                                                                                                                                                            11.35  
“By luck you yourself have    talked to me about  this subject  and now I will tell you where that  great sage lives.”                                                                                                                                                           11.36
“After you go four Yojanas (8 miles ) from here , on the south you  would find the hermitage  of the brother  of sage Agasthya.”                                                                                                                              11.37
“When you reach that  place you would see a shining forest of Pippali trees , which is full of   flowers and fruits  and echoes with sound of  various type of birds.”                                                                            11.38
“There are many  lakes there with peaceful waters , teeming with partridges   and swans  and shining with Chakravaka   birds. Oh Rama spend one night there   and proceed   from there next day.”      11.39
“Within a Yojana distance from there on the southern direction , on the side of the forest clump is the hermitage  of Agasthya.”                                                                                                                                 11.40
“In that pretty forest with very many shining trees , you , Lakshmana  and Sita  would  enjoy much, for is it not forest with many  trees?”                                                                                                           11.41-11.42
“Suppose you have made up your mind to see   the great sage Agasthya,  then take a decision   to go today itself .”                                                                                                                                                       11.43
When Rama heard this , along  with his brother he saluted the sage  and immediately started to see Agasthya along with his brother   and Sita.                                                                                                   11.44
Seeing the pretty forests , cloud like mountains, lakes, rivers  and walking along the pathway  as per the advice of Sutheeshna  travelled comfortably  and told Lakshmana the following with great joy.
“This is definitely the hermitage of the brother of Agasthya who has  done blessed  deeds  and who is a great soul.”                                                                                                                                                            11.47
“ I think it because , In the  forest by its side , I see thousands of trees  which are  bending under the weight  of flowers and fruits.”                                                                                                                           11.48
“ I perceive  that the smell of the fruits of Pippali fruits  is wafting from there , as the wind is carrying the sour smell of that fruit.”                                                                                                                                      11.49
“ Here and there I see the collection of firewood  and I also the snipped Durba   shining  like   a gem.”
“From the middle of the forest , and from the top of the hermitage  , I am able to see the tip of the smoke   and it looks like , the vertex of a black thick cloud.”                                                                11.51
“The Brahmins are taking bath in several sacred waters  , and then make an offering of flowers using the flowers collected by themselves.”                                                                                                               11.52
“Oh simple one, from the words of Sutheeshna that I heard  , this is the hermitage   of the brother  of Agasthya.”                                                                                                                                                        11.53
“Agasthya destroyed  the aridity of this region , wishing for the welfare of all and made this place livable and this hermitage  is of his brother.”                                                                                                         11.54
“Once upon a time  two cruel brothers named Vathapi and Ilwala  and they were great asuras who used to kill Brahmins.”                                                                                                                                              11.55
“Ilwala used to dress as a Brahmin and used to speak civilized toungue  and he would invite Brahmins without pity saying that it was Sradham(Annual ceremony for manes.)”                                             11.56
“Making his brother in to the form of a ram , Ilwala used to cook his brother  and feed the Brahmins  according to rituals of Sradha.”                                                                                                                   11.57
“When the Brahmin has eaten that food , Ilwala used to say  in a very loud done, “Vathapi come  out “
“Hearing the words of his brother that Vathapi , bleating like a ram , slowly and slowly  tearing the body of the Brahmin , used to come out.”                                                                                                          11.59
“Those people who could assume any form they want    , used to this way  killed in thousands , Brahmins , who were greedy for meat.”                                                                                                                      11.60
“The devas then prayed to the great sage Agasthya  and when he was invited , he also   ate   that great  asura.”                                                                                                                                                              11.61
“Then with ritual was over , Ilwala giving the saint a sip of water  at the end , started calling  his brother to come out.”                                                                                                                                                   11.62
“Then  the great one among sages , Agasthya mockingly  told that killer of Brahmins who was talking to his brother.”                                                                                                                                                     11.63
“Under what power would that  Rakshasa   who has been digested me , come out  , for your brother who took the form of a ram has gone to Yama.”                                                                                      11.64
“Then he after hearing the news of the death of his brother , that night walker  started assaulting the sage  in great anger.”                                                                                                                                     11.65
“When he rushed towards him, that king of Brahmins , who had the shine of penance , burnt him with the fire in his eyes  and thus sent him to death.”                                                                                      11.66
“This hermitage which shines with forests and lakes  belongs to the brother of Sage Agasthya, who has performed this impossible act out of compassion  to Brahmins.                                                         11.67
When Rama completed his narration to Lakshmana , the sun went down   and  the dusk was initiated.
Then according to rules those brothers worshipped  the dusk in the west , and then entered in to the hermitage and were greeted by the sage.                                                                                                  11.69
Rama was well received by the sage  and they ate fruits and roots and spent one night   there in that hermitage.                                                                                                                                                       11.70
After spending the night there, when the rose up , the sons of the Raghu clan took leave from the  brother of Agasthya.                                                                                                                                      11.71
“Oh Godly sage , we salute you. We have spent the night comfortably   and we are bidding you farewell because   we would like to  go to see Agasthya  who is your teacher as well as brother.”               11.72
When the saint said “You may go” , the son of Raghu clan started from there  and proceeded through the path indicated earlier by Sutheeshna.”                                                                                                 11.73
He travelled further seeing Neevara trees, Jack fruit trees , Sala trees , Asoka trees, lemon trees, Bilwa trees , Madhuka trees and Tinduka trees.                                                                                                    11.74
Rama saw hundreds of flowering trees  hit by elephant’s trunk,  shining with presence of monkeys, , with hundreds of lusty birds , fully flowers and enriched by  the whirling climbing plants .              11.75-11.76
Then the lotus eyed  Rama told  to the valorous  and glorious   Lakshmana who was closely following him.                                                                                                                                                                      11.77
“Seeing the trees with velvety  leaves  and animals and birds   which do not look tired , I think that the hermitage of that greatly contemplative  saint is not very far from here.”                                            11.78
“ I am able to see the hermitage  of him  who is famous as Agasthya  in this world  only  because of his own deeds and it seems to cure all tiresomeness.”                                                                                    11.79
“It is covered with    huge smoke  and cloths made of grass are hanging there , it is overcrowded with peaceful deer and overloaded  with sounds of birds.  “                                                                             11.80
“Agasthya destroyed  the aridity of this region , wishing for the welfare of all and made this place livable and this hermitage  is of his brother.”                                                                                                         11.81
“The Agasthya by whose association , the Rakshasas dare not even see the southern direction   or prepared to live there, lives here.”                                                                                                             11.82
“From the time that Agasthya of pious deeds started living in the Sothern direction , all those  who walk at night   remained calm and without enmity. “                                                                                       11.83
“This southern side is also known by the name of saint Agasthya in all the three worlds  and people there found it hard to do cruel deeds.”                                                                                                     11.84
“The Vindhya mountain which due to its constant growth  was  preventing Sun God’s  travel  across the globe, obeyed his message and stopped  from growing and he is long lived, famous in the world for his great deeds and he is adored by well behaved animals.”                                                              11.85-11.86
“He is worshipped by the world, gentle, takes care of the interests of good people  and when we go and meet him, his blessing would be beneficial.”                                                                                                11.87
“Oh Lakshmana, I wish to worship that saint Agasthya , who is a great sage  and oh gentle one, I wish to spend our rest of the time in the forest , here.”                                                                                          11.88
“There devas , Gandharwas, Sidhas and great sages  would always be worshipping that sage Agasthya , who  is self disciplined and self regulated.”                                                                                                11.89
“There a liar, a cruel person nor an adamant one nor one who tortures men  can live due to the nature of this sage.”                                                                                                                                                     11.90
“There devas, Yakshas , serpents  and birds live together wishing to worship that personification of Dharma with disciplined  food habits.”                                                                                                        11.91
“There the great souls and Sidhas , travelling in planes shining like Sun,  after leaving their mortal body , blessed by that sage go to heaven.”                                                                                                            11.92
“There to those who worship the sage , gods grant  the position of Yakshas  or devas or grant them different kingdoms.”                                                                                                                                      11.93
“We have arrived at the hermitage and so Oh son of Sumithra  , enter in to it first  and tell the sage that me and Sita have arrived.”                                                                                                                           11.94

This is the end of the  eleventh    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

12.Agasthya gives Rama the bow of Vishnu

(Rama is hospitably received by sage Agasthya .  He gives him Vishnu’s  Bow, Brahma ‘s arrows and Indra ‘s inexhaustible  quivers.)

 Then Lakshmana  the younger brother of Rama entered the hermitage , met a disciple of sage Agasthya and told him.                                                                                                                                                          12.1
“There was a king called Dasaratha and he had a very strong(dynamic) son  and that Rama along with his wife has reached here to see  the sage.”                                                                                                          12.2
“My name is Lakshmana and I am his dedicated brother who is  his obedient devotee .Possibly you have heard about us?”                                                                                                                                                     12.3
“We have come to this very severe forest as per the  order of our father ,Please tell the god like sage that we wish to see  him.”                                                                                                                                     12.4
When that sage rich in penance heard the words of Lakshmana , he assented  and entered in the room where fire is kept to inform the sage.                                                                                                                 12.5
That dear disciple of Agasthya  speedily approached sage , saluted him and told the sage who has done very difficult penance ,  and told him exactly similar  to what Lakshmana  told  that  Rama  has come.
“The sons of Dasaratha called Rama and Lakshmana have arrived at the gate of the hermitage  along with their wife Sita.”                                                                                                                                            12.7
“Those destroyers of enemies  have come to  see you and then serve you    and please tell me what I should do.”                                                                                                                                                            12.8  
Having heard from the disciple that Rama  and Lakshmana  have come  along with Vaidehi that    great one told the following.                                                                                                                                        12.9   
“I was having a great desire in my mind to see  Rama for a long time and providentially , he himself has come to see me.”                                                                                                                                              12.10 
“Go and hospitably receive Rama  along with his wife and Lakshmana and bring them near me. Why have you not brought him already ? “                                                                                                           12.11 
When the great sage  who was expert in Dharma told like  this  that disciple saluted and told him, “As you say.”                                                                                                                                                              12.12
That very jittery disciple  went out and told Lakshmana, “Where is Rama? He may enter and see the sage on his own  .”                                                                                                                                                      12.13
Then Lakshmana along with  that disciple went to the gate of the hermitage  and saw the son of Kakustha clan  and the daughter of Janaka.                                                                                                  12.14  
Then the disciple told the words as told by Agasthya  and made him , showing  him the  hospitality  that  suits him.                                                                                                                                                              12.15
Then Rama   entered   the hermitage   along with Sita and Lakshmana  and looking over it saw  a docile deer there.                                                                                                                                                            12.16
Rama entered inside the hermitage and saw therein the altars  of Brahma, Agni (fire God) , Vishnu, Indra, , Sun , moon , Bhaga(Goddess of fortune) , Khubera , Dhatha , Vidatha  , Swayambhuva Manu , Vayu(wind god),  the great Varuna who wields the noose , Gayathri, the Vasus , the king of serpents, Garuda , Lord Karthikeya(Subrahmanya)   and the god of death.                                                  12.17-12.20
Then the sage surrounded by his disciples  came out  And Rama saw him glowing in luster  greater than all others.                                                                                                                                                            12.21
Then Rama told Lakshmana who increased auspiciousness , “The God like sage Agasthya   is coming out  and I understand that in the matter of penance he  is greater than all other sages.”               12.22-12.23
After saying this  , that great  son of Raghu clan , fell at the feet  of Agasthya who shined like Sun and touched his feet.                                                                                                                                                 12.24
After  introducing himself to that soul of Dharma , that attractive Rama  along with Sita and Lakshmana stood with saluting hands.                                                                                                                                12.25
After receiving the son of Kakustha clan and after offering him seat as well as water  and after enquiring about his welfare he asked him to sit.                                                                                                            12.26
After worshipping the fire and offering water  to it  and after having worshipped the guests , he offered them food as per Dharma of a Vanaprastha.                                                                                                12.27
After sitting himself first , that great sage who was  a follower of Dharma  and spoke to Rama who was sitting  with folded hands.                                                                                                                                 12.28
“Oh son of Kakustha clan, If a sage  does not   worship fire, offer sacrificial water , worship  the guests, then he is a false sage and in the hell we would be made to eat his own flesh.”                                     12.29
“You are the king of the world treading through the path of Dharma  and a great warrior . You being fit to be worshipped and respectable, has become my dear   guest.”                                                            12.30
After saying this Agasthya offered fruits , roots , flowers and so many other things to Rama and worshipped him as per his desire and told Rama.                                                                                         12.31
“Here is the divine bow ornamented in gold, which was made by Viswakarma    for the use of Lord Vishnu , the tiger among males  and  here is the  sun like arrows which never get over and which belonged to Lord Brahma,”                                                                                                                                12.32
Here are the quivers belong to Indra which can never be exhausted which is completely filled with arrows   which  shine like fire  and here  is the sword decorated by gold in excellent golden sheath.” 
“Oh Rama once using this bow Lord Vishnu killed very many great asuras  and brought back  the luster to the occupants of  heavens.”                                                                                                                                12.35
“Oh Rama who treasures respect,  take this bow , arrows  , quiver and the sword   and wield them and achieve  victory like Indra did with Vajrayudha.”                                                                                           12.36
After telling this that greatly resplendent sage gave all those weapons to Rama  and then Agasthya again spoke.                                                                                                                                                                   12.37

This is the end of the  twelfth     chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

13.Agasthya directs Rama to go to Panchavati

(When Rama asks for a suitable place to stay Agasthya indicates   that he should stay  in Panchavati. Rama immediately agrees  to that advice and proceeds  to Panchavati.)

“Rama , I am happy , safety to you. Lakshmana , I am happy  , for your coming along with Sita   to pay your respect.”                                                                                                                                                      13.1
“The  pathway that you have taken is full of strain  and  painful for  you two,  as evident by the sweat above the neck  and it is also clear on seeing Sita, the daughter of Janaka.”                                           13.2
“She is pretty and delicate and had not undergone this type of suffering earlier  and has come to this treacherous forest due to her love towards you.”                                                                                        13.3
“Oh Rama   , see whatever you do , would keep her entertained  for she has followed you to the forest in an impossible act.”                                                                                                                                              13.4
“Oh Son of Raghu clan  this is the nature of women ever since  the creation started , they would be with husband when things are fine but  would leave him in difficult times.”                                                    13.5
“Women are mercurial like hundred streaks of lightning , as sharp as weapons  and with speed of Garuda   or the wind.”                                                                                                                                        13.6
“But this wife of yours is free of all such defects  and she like lady Arundathi and  merits appreciation  and is exemplary.”                                                                                                                                             13.7
“That particular place  you want to stay along with Lakshmana and Vaidehi, Oh Rama  is indeed blessed, Oh destroyer of enemies.”                                                                                                                                 13.8
When the sage told like this , Rama with folded hands in salutation  spoke these amiable words  to the sage who was shining like fire.                                                                                                                          13.9
“Oh great sage , I am blessed and I am privileged due to the virtue  of my brother and wife  and also due to my Guru  being pleased with me.”                                                                                                          13.10
“But please direct me to a big forest with plenty of water , so that I can erect  hermitage there   and live happily.”                                                                                                                                                               13.11
Hearing the words of Rama that great  courageous sage , who is the follower of Dharma replied , after thinking for some time  and told him  these courageous words.                                                              13.12
“Oh lad, two  yojanas from here  there is a place  well known as Panchavati , which has lot of water, fruits as well as roots   and very many deer.”                                                                                                13.13
“When you go there along with son of Sumithra  and erect a hermitage  there , you would be happy that you are following the words of your father.”                                                                                                 13.14
“Oh matchless one , I know about  all that happened to you  due to the power of my penance as   well as my friendship with your father Dasaratha.”                                                                                                   13.15
“I know that in your mind you have decided    to stay  with me  by my power of penance  that you want to stay    in this forest  of mine with me  but I am advising  you to go to Panchavati .”                         13.16
“That place is praiseworthy  and not very far from here  but I am sure that Sita  would find that pretty forest  and enjoy herself there.”                                                                                                                      13.17
‘Maithili would feel happy  in that place near Godavari  with plenty of roots , fruits  and is blessed with various types  of birds  and oh great one , it is  blessed as well as pretty.”                                  13.18-13.19
“You being one  observing  good ritualistic behaviour  are also capable of providing protection to the many sages living there.”                                                                                                                                  13.20
“Oh valorous one ,  don’t you see a forest of flower liquor trees in that great forest  . If you go north of that  you would go near a banyan tree.”                                                                                                       13.21
“If you climb up to a mountain there , not far away is the famous Panchavati  with its forest flowering daily. “                                                                                                                                                                  13.22
When Agasthya told like this , Rama along with son of Sumithra  saluted that sage and took leave   from the sage who was teller of truth.                                                                                                                     13.23
After  he permitted them to go they saluted  his feet  and left that hermitage  to Panchavati along  with Sita.                                                                                                                                                                       13.24
Those sons of the king wearing the bow , with braced up quivers  went resolutely  and without agitation towards Panchavati  following the path  indicated  by the sage.                                                                13.25

This is the end of the  thirteenth    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

14. Rama  Meets Jatayu

(On the way to Panchavati Rama meets Jatayu who is the friend of Dasaratha and son of Aruna, Jatayu tells Rama about the origin of different type of animals  and beings in this world. Since he lived near Panchavati , he undertakes  to protect Sita   when both of them are absent )

While the son of the Raghu clan was going to Panchavati , in the mid way he saw an eagle with a big body  and who was greatly valorous.                                                                                                                14.1
Those great Rama and Lakshmana on seeing it  in the forest  , suspecting it as a Rakshasa asked him, “Who are  you?”                                                                                                                                                   14.2
He replied them sweetly  and in a soft tone , as if to please them “Oh lad, I am a friend  of your father .”
Rama knowing him  as his father’s friend respected  him  and Rama asked him about his clan as  well as his name.”                                                                                                                                                             14.4
Hearing Rama’s word asking about  his clan and about him, that bird told him about the genesis of all beings.                                                                                                                                                                   14.5
“ Oh Rama hear , In the olden times there existed lords of the people and please hear me about  all of them.”                                                                                                                                                                  14.6
“The first among them was Kardhama Prajapathi , who was followed by Vikrutha  and later Sesha and still later Samsarya who had many  valorous sons .He was followed in that order by Sthanu, Marichi, Athri, The very strong Krathu , Pulasthya , Aangeera , Prachetha, Pulaha , Daksha, Vivaswan and  Arishtanemi .Oh Rama , After him the greatly lustrous Kashyapa was born at the end”. 14.7-14.9
“Oh  very famous  Rama, we hear that Daksha Prajapathi   had sixty very famous daughters .”14.10
“Kashyapa accepted eight of those daughters who had slender waist .They were Adithi, Dithi, Dhanu, Kaalaka , Thaamra, Krodhavasaa , Manu and Anala.”                                                                          14.11
“Kashyapa who was in love with  those eight maids  told in turn to them, “Please give birth to sons who.are lords of the three world  similar   to me..”                                                                                      14.12
“Oh  intelligent Rama, Adhithi, Dithi, Kaalaaka and Dhanu agreed  with his proposal while others  did not give heed to it.”                                                                                                                                                    14.13
“Oh destroyer  of the enemies, Adithi gave birth  to  devas  called aadhithyas(12), Vasus (8), Rudras(11)  and Aswins(2) , a total of 33 of them.                                                                                                              14.14
“Oh lad, Dithi gave birth to  gave birth to the famous Daithyas  and this earth with its forests, oceans  , belonged to them earlier.”                                                                                                                                14.15
“Oh destroyer of enemies , Dhanu gave birth  to Aswagreeva (Hayagreeva) Kaalaaka gave birth to Kalaka   and  Naraka.”                                                                                                                                                       14.16
“But Thaamraa  gave birth to  five world famous    girls Krounchi, Bhaasi, Sayeani, Drutharashtri and Sukhee.”                                                                                                                                                              14.17
“Krounchi gave birth to owls, Bhaasi gave birth to Vultures , Sayeani  gave birth to greatly shining  eagles  and Vulcans , Drutharashtri  gave birth to swans  and also other water birds.”                        14.18-14.19
“Drutharashtri also gave birth to  Chakravaka birds, let them be safe , and Shuki gave birth to Nata   and her daughter was Kadru.”                                                                                                                                14.20
"Oh, Rama, Krodhavasa gave birth to ten of her self-same daughters namely Mrigi, Mrigamanda, Hari, Bhadramanda, Maatangii, Sharduulii, Shweta, Surabhii, and like that to Surasa, who is embodied with all giftedness, and even to Kadruva.”                                                                                                       14.21-14.22
“The children of Mrugee   were  all the  types of deer , Mrigamandhas children were  bears  and Srimaras  and Yaak and oxen.”                                                                                                                                          14.23
“Bhadramanda gave  birth to Iravathi and she gave birth to the  elephant Iravatha , who is the elephant which is the lord of the earth.”                                                                                                                      14.24
“Hari ’s offspring are lions and mighty  as well as  monkeys  and Sarduli  gave birth to baboons   and tigers.”                                                                                                                                                                 14.25
“Oh Rama Mathangi ‘s  children were elephants and Shwetha gave birth to eight elephants which are guardians of eight directions.”                                                                                                                       14.26
“Oh Rama then Surabhi gave birth to two daughters , the very famous Rohini and Gndharwi, May you be safe.”                                                                                                                                                                    14.27
“Rohini produced cows , Gandharwi gave birth to sons who were horses , Surasr gave birth to serpents and Kadru gave birth to ordinary snakes. “                                                                                                   14.28
“For the great soul Kashyapa lady Manu produced Manushyas(Men)  consisting of Brahmins , Kshatriyas, Vaisyas and Shudras.”                                                                                                                                       14.29
“From the Vedas we hear that Brahmins were born out of face , Kshatriyas from the chest, Vaisyas from the two thighs    And Shudras from the two feet.”                                                                                      14.30
“Anala gave birth to trres bearing all fruits  and I will tell you about Vinatha , the daughter’s daughter of Shuki  and about Kadru , the sister  of Surasa.”                                                                                             14.31
“Kadru gave birth to a thousand headed serpent who bears the earth, and Vinatha gave birth to Garuda and Aruna.”                                                                                                                                                          14.32
“Oh destroyer of enemies,  I was born out of Aruna and Sampathi is my elder brother  and so know me as Jatayu  son of Syeni.”                                                                                                                                      14.33
“If you wish I can help you out  during your stay here  , for this impassable forest  is  full of  wild animals and Rakshasas and I can protect Sita , when you   or Lakshmana   go out.”                                            14.34
Raghava honoured Jatayu  by gladly hugging him and bowing to him  and that kind hearted Rama recognizing Jatayu ’s  friendship with his father , Rama spoke  again and again  to Jatayu.                  14.35
Then Rama taking Sita  , the princess  of Mithila  along with the very powerful bird  went to Panchavati   in the company of Lakshmana  with a view to destroy the enemies like fire destroys  the butterflies. 

This is the end of the  fourteenth   chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

15.Lakshmana builds the hermitage  in Panchavati

(After Rama chose the proper place  for living  , Lakshmana built a strong hermitage   there , in Panchavati.)

After reaching Panchavati   filled with various types of animals and snakes ,, Rama told Lakshmana who was shining like fire.                                                                                                                                              15.1
“Oh good natured one, as directed by the sage  we have come to this place called Panchavati  full of flowering trees.”                                                                                                                                                     15.2
“You being an expert  on building  hermitages , please   see all the directions  of this forest  and decide on the place  very suitable for our  hermitage.”                                                                                               15.3
“Oh Lakshmana, look for a place where Maithili can entertain herself  along with you and me , where you can see   a water source nearby, where the forest beauty enhances the beauty of the location , and where plenty to sticks for sacrifice   and flowers for worship are   available.”                                   15.4-15.5
When Rama told him like this Lakshmana with folded hands in salute  in front of Sita, told the son of Kakustha clan.                                                                                                                                                         15.6
“Oh son of Kakustha clan , even I live for one hundred years , I would be dependent on you , so you only choose the place and I would  act as per your wish.”                                                                                      15.7
That great Rama was greatly pleased by the words  of Lakshmana  and he thought and checked all aspects  and chose a place which has all the good aspects.                                                                           15.8
After choosing a very pretty place to build the hermitage , Rama held the hands of son of Sumithra  and told.                                                                                                                                                                         15.9
“Oh gentle one , surrounded by trees which are fully  bloomed  and without any ups and downs  , this place is very suitable to build a hermitage .”                                                                                                  15.10
“This place with  a tank nearby with  fully opened lotus flowers   of great fragrance shining  like Sun  is very pretty.”                                                                                                                                                           15.11
“As indicated  by the supreme soul sage Agasthya , the river Godavari which  is surrounded by flowering trees  with swans , ducks,  and Chakravaka  birds.”                                                                                        15.12
“Oh pleasing one ,  not far from here , you can hear deer making love  and peacocks making sound while eating grains  and you can also see innumerable caves   and sandy beaches.”                             15.13-15.14
“these mountains which look like huge  mountains have ores of gold, silver and copper , and they look like windows on the mountains.”                                                                                                                     15.15
“The place is full of Sala and palm trees growing densely and not allowing  light inside . There are also Thamala trees , date palms , Jack fruit trees , plants of wild rice , Thimisa trees , Pongamia   trees , mango trees which make the place shine , Asoka trees, Thilaka trees Champaka trees, Kethaka trees , climbing plants  on trees with flowers emitting fragrance , Sandalwood trees, Kadamba trees , leafy plants which creep and cover the ground , Aswakarna and Khadira plants  and Sami and Kimsuka and Patala trees which provide fire wood.”                                                                                                 15.16-15.18
“This is holy. This is sacred .This has many types of animals and oh son Of Sumithra we will stay with the bird Jatayu.”                                                                                                                                                         15.19
When Rama told like this to Lakshmana , who is the destroyer of his enemies , that powerful one built a hermitage  for his brother speedily.”                                                                                                              15.20
Lakshmana built a very spacious cottage  made of grass  after leveling and raising the earth  for raised floor  for  the cottage. He built  strong pillars  with long bamboos and  on those pillars  he made excellent rafters , and the branches of Shamii trees were  spread out, twined firmly with twines of grass  strands, and with the cross-laid bamboos for thatching, and over that blades of Kusha grass and leaves of Kaasha are spread and well over-covered for the roof, and thus that very great mighty Lakshmana made that best and very spacious leaf -cottage with a level surface for residence of Raghava  and that worthy residence  was a feast to the eye.                                                                                          15.21-15.23
Immediately that Lakshmana went to the river Godavari , took bath  and after finishing the good task of picking  lotus flowers came back.                                                                                                                       15.24
After making the offering of flowers , he invoked peace as per ritualistic rules , he showed Rama the hermitage constructed by him.                                                                                                                          15.25
After seeing that very peaceful hermitage along with Sita , expressed happiness with the hermitage with roof of leaves .                                                                                                                                                       15.26
With great happiness Rama hugged Lakshmana   with his hands tightly and very affectionately and told him.                                                                                                                                                                          15.27
“ Oh Lord,  By your great act , I am very much pleased  and I have given this hug , for the sake of what you have done.”                                                                                                                                                    15.28
“My righteous father was not aware of  your capacity to understand feelings of others , your feelings of gratefulness , your expertise in Dharma  of you who were  his son.                                                           15.29
That Rama who was increaser of auspiciousness , after saying like this to Lakshmana  resided in that place prosperously.                                                                                                                                              15.30
That Soul of Dharma along with Sita and served by Lakshmana lived there for some time , like Devas  living in heaven.                                                                                                                                                     15.31

This is the end of the  fifteenth    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

16.Description of winter

(This is a clear and detail description of   the climate crops and rituals   of the winter season. During the talk when   Lakshmana  criticizes Kaikeyi Rama is not able to tolerate  it.)

When the great Rama was living happily , when the winter season came  to an end , the winter season which he liked set in.                                                                                                                                             16.1
During a  day the son of Raghu clan  had gone to bathe in  the pretty Godavari river at night .             16.2
Along with Sita , the valorous son of Sumithra holding  the water  pot  went slightly   bent and he told.
Lakshmana said to the  pleasantly speaking Rama, “The season which is dear to you has arrived, and it appears to be decorated well  in this auspicious year.”                                                                                 16.4
“The world  is harsh with fog  but it will blessed  with vegetation and it is difficult to drink water and nice to sit near  fire altars.”                                                                                                                                          16.5
“The saints after appeasing the manes  by worship during Utharayana(Northern solstice) and after offering oblations at the proper  time  and performing solstice rituals become  free of evils.”              16.6
“In this season, the people of rural areas   who would be expecting a good crop would get  abundant milk   from their cows and kings would be thinking of going to conquer other.”                                        16.7
“The sun after serving the direction ruled by God of death steadily  , is  going to the north inspirited , like a woman  without Tilak(red mark on forehead) on her forehead.”                                                             16.8
“With the Sun far away, the  Snow gets settled hard  would make  the name of Himalayas   as the mountain of snow appropriate.”                                                                                                                        16.9
“”It is pleasant to move about in the afternoon in this season as during day time  the sun’s rays are very comfortable  and during this  time  , the shade and water  are uncomfortable.”                                   16.10
“The sun’s rays would be soft during this season  with very cold breeze blowing all the time  and due  to  being destroyed by the frost, the forest would be lonely and peaceful.”                                                16.11
“During this time , people do not sleep outside and due to the month of Pushya approaching , due to frost the early mornings are filled with frost , and the duration of night   with three Yaama increases.”
“With Moon’s radiance covered by sun, all round the moon there  is a red Aura  and like a mirror on which a mouthful of air is blown, the moon is not shining well.”                                                              16.13
“Even on a full moon day the moon does not shine as usual due  to its being covered by frost , Like Sita not appearing bright , when she is exposed to torrid sun light.”                                                              16.14
“The season by nature is cold  because of it being hit by snow  and the wind blowing from   the westerly direction is doubly   cold.”                                                                                                                                 16.15
“The forest is covered by the dew drops  and the forest has plenty of  crops of barley and wheat and when the sun starts shining the Krouncha birds and swans sing sweetly.”                                               16.16
“The rice crop with fully filled up rice  and bent with the weight of grain is bent like the flowers of date palms  and shines like gold.”                                                                                                                             16.17
“The extended rays of the sun covered by snow and frost  make it look like the moon , when it rises up in the morning.”                                                                                                                                                     16.18
“Due to  the Sun not  fully picking  up its strength in the forenoon  ,  it is very pleasant during the afternoon when it shines splendidly on earth being  reddish white colour .”                                       16.19
“Due the drop of the dew the grassland is slightly moistened  but the forests shine   due to  the mild heat  of the sun settled on it .”                                                                                                                       16.20
“In the forest the very thirst elephants , after they touch the cold and pure water  by their black trunk , withdraw it speedily not able to bear the cold.”                                                                                          16.21
“Like the inefficient army not entering  the battle field  , the aquatic birds  sit on the shore, not  plunging in to the water  due  to fear.”                                                                                                                            16.22
“Enveloped by the darkness of the forest as well  as the darkness of snow,  the forest  without any flowers appeared  to be sleeping with closed eyes.”                                                                                   16.23
“In the waters covered by the tear like dews the existence of swans could be found out only by their sounds and the river banks were completely covered with snow.”                                                         16.24
“Due to the fall of snow, due to sun being dim due the cold, the water  flowing  from the top of  the mountain is generally tasty.”                                                                                                                           16.25
“Lotus flowers in the tanks  faded due to their long life   with only stalks  remaining   due to their  withered filaments and pericarp having  falling  down  are not good to look at.”                               16.26
“At this time, oh tiger among men  that soul of dharma Bharatha full of sorrow , due to his great devotion to you, is performing penance.”                                                                                                   16.27
“Giving up kingdom, self respect and different type of pleasures , like an ascetic , he takes limited food and sleeps on the floor in this cold.”                                                                                                           16.28
“He also  , at this time may be going to river Sarayu   for taking  his bath  as usual surrounded   by his  subjects.”                                                                                                                                                         16.29
“ How can Bharatha, having been  brought up  with a pleasure filled life , he who is delicate and deserves comfort , take bath  in this latter part of night  in river Sarayu .”                                                          16.30
“That Bharatha having likes lotus petal , who is heroic, who is black , who has a narrow waist, who is great , who is the speaker of truth, who maintains a low profile , who has control over his sense organs, who speaks lovingly, who is sweet, who has long arms and who is the destroyer of his enemies , after giving up all pleasures is completely dependent only on you.”                                                   16.31-16.32
“Our Brother Bharatha  who is great is living in the forest and does penance  there  is following you loyally  and has even restrained his wish to go to heaven.”                                                                    16.33
“He follows his father and proved as false the  saying in the world  that  human beings  follow their mother.”                                                                                                                                                            16.34
“How did it happen that Kaikeyi  who is seen as one with cruel conduct  had a husband like Dasaratha and a well behaved son like Bharatha?”                                                                                                      16.35
When Lakshmana was saying like this due to his love towards Rama,  unable to tolerate the fault finding of his revered mother, Rama told.                                                                                                               16.36
“Oh lad, do not  criticize  our middle mother  like this  but you can speak about Bharatha, the lord of the Ikshuvaku clan.”                                                                                                                                                16.37
“Though my mind has taken a firm decision of penance in the forest , due to my being in great love with Bharatha , I waver like a child when I hear things like this.”                                                                    16.38
“I remember his sweet   words   soothing my heart , which  are equal  to the nectar  of immortality  and they please me .”                                                                                                                                                16.39
“When will I be able to again meet Bharatha who is a great soul  and the valorous Shatrugna along with you.”                                                                                                                                                                   16.40 
After wailing like this , they both reach  the river Godavari  and there that son of Kakustha clan , took bath along with his younger brother  along with Sita.                                                                             16.41
Then they offered water oblations to their manes as  well as God  and then they prayed to God Surya  and sung about that God.                                                                                                                             16.42     
Accompanied by Sita and Lakshmana Rama completed  his bath  and Rama looked like Lord Shiva  along with  the daughter of the mountain   and Nandi.                                                                                     16.43                                                                                                                                        

This is the end of the  sixteenth    chapter  Of  the book  of Aranya (Forest)   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

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