Thursday, October 24, 2013

Kishkinda Kandam 31-47

Kishkinda Kandam(contd)

Book of Kishkinda

31. The angry Lakshmana   reaches Kishkinda

(Burning with anger Lakshmana, Lakshmana reaches Kishkinda and sends word to Sugreeva. Being drunk and engaged in making love to Tara , Sugreeva is not bothered. The monkeys are scared and two monkey ministers  try to reason t out with Sugreeva.)

Looking at the lovelorn, pitiable  indomitable   hero  and who was greatly grieving, the son of the king who was the younger brother of Rama  became extremely angry and told his elder brother.         31.1
“A monkey does not have good character , is not bothered about fruits of Karma  and will not enjoy the  wealth of  the monkey kingdom  and does not think about     the future.”                                           31.2
“He would be greatly attached to sensual pleasures  and  does not have love  towards  us who have helped him   and Oh warrior , he  wanted  to see us killing his brother  and I feel we should not have given the kingdom to a characterless  person like him.”                                                                          31.3
“I am not able to control my anger which is rising very fast  and I would kill that liar Sugreeva   and let the son of Vali along with other monkey lords go in search of Sita.”                                                     31.4
“To that killer of enemies  who told like this with anger  as a prelude to war and who had bent himself  for wielding the bow and arrow  told Rama  told his opinion in conciliatory   words.                         31.5
“A person like you should  not  do a sin like that  in this world for a  valorous person  capable of killing   his anger is the best of men.”                                                                                                                       31.6
“Oh Lakshmana, since you are well behaved, you should not think like that. You should  like earlier follow the path of love  and friendship.”                                                                                                     31.7
“ You should give up  using harsh words but talk in a   soft conciliatory fashion  to Sugreeva who has exceeded the limit  imposed on time.”                                                                                                      31.8
Told like  this by his elder brother , right away that bull among men , the valorous Lakshmana , the killer of enemies    entered the city .                                                                                                                    31.9
That good hearted  wise Lakshmana   who was interested in doing good to his brother , who resembled the God of death at time of deluge  , who was interested to retaliate , and who was like Mandhara mountain,  holding a bow which was similar to that Of Indra  and which resembled the mountain peak  entered the  home of the great monkey.                                                                                        31.10-31.11
That brother of Rama , Lakshmana  who was  faithful  and equal to   Bruhaspathi (Jupiter)  in wisdom thought over what he will ask  and what reply he would give .But  he was burning with anger due to  the rising passion and anger  of his elder brother  and he entered like a storm in to that house.” 31.12-31.13
He went quickly and fell several Sala, Tala  and Aswakarna   trees on the way  and also felled  mountain peaks and many other trees , broke  big stones under his feet  and followed the single pathway   wanting to complete his mission swiftly  .                                                                                                           31.14-31.15
That tiger of the Ikshuvaku clan  saw that  , the great city of monkeys  located in between mountains  was filled by a large army  and was inaccessible .                                                                                       31.16
 The lips of Lakshmana quivered due to his great anger  with Sugreeva  and he saw the gates of Kishkinda guarded  by   huge soldiers  who were fierce.                                                                                              31.17
All those monkey chiefs  who were like elephants  seeing Lakshmana the bull among men  picked up hundreds of mountain peaks  and hundreds of fully grown trees as well as rocks.                            31.18
When Lakshmana saw all those monkeys  who were   holding weapons , like the  burning fire when abundant firewood  is present his anger doubled.                                                                                   31.19
Hundreds  of those monkeys seeing  the anger of Lakshmana  . who looked like the god of death at final deluge , with limbs shaking in fear ran away  in different directions.                                                   31.20
Those monkey lords entered the home of Sugreeva  and told him about the arrival of Lakshmana as also his anger.                                                                                                                                                           31.21
The bull among monkeys who  was  passionately engaged  in love play with Tara , did not pay any attention to the  words of the monkey warriors.                                                                                       31.22
Those monkeys  looking like a huge mountain , elephant    and a huge cloud  came out as instructed by the ministers   creating horripilation.                                                                                                            31.23
The horrifying monkeys  looking like  and  were  having  weapons of  claws and teeth  like tigers  and were horrible to look at  with deformed faces.                                                                                       31.24
All  those monkeys were of equal valor   with some of them possessing strength of ten elephants , some that  of hundred elephants   and some possessing strength of thousand elephants.                        31.25
 The exceedingly angry Lakshmana saw that the entire placed was filled up with very strong  monkeys  armed with trees  and were spread out and that Kishkinda was inaccessible .                                   31.26
Then  all those monkeys of exceedingly great    strength    came out of the enclosure and stood there , revealing  their appearance .                                                                                                                        31.27
That sensitive warrior Lakshmana  seeing the dereliction of duty of Sugreeva  and  the helplessness of his brother , once again became highly infuriated.                                                                                         31.28
Taking a deep hot breath  and with eyes turned red due to anger  , that tiger among men appeared like a raging fire.                                                                                                                                                         31.29
With the iron nails  placed on his arrow  appearing like fangs , the bow appearing like a snake  and with his luster as the poison , Lakshmana looked like five hooded   snake.                                                 31.30
 The greatly worried Angadha   approached  him  who was  burning like the fire of death  and angry like the king of snakes  with fear and great worry.                                                                                           31.31
That very famous Lakshmana  with blood red eyes sent  message    through Angadha , “Oh Lad go and inform Sugreeva that  I have come.”                                                                                                            31.32
“Oh lad who is the subduer of your enemies,  you may tell Sugreeva that, “The younger brother of Rama, who is burning with grief  has come to see you. He is waiting for you at the door greatly worried by the grief of his brother. If you like you can please do his work “ , and having spoken like this you please   come back.”                                                                                                                                              31.33-31.34
Hearing the words of Lakshmana  , Angadha became very sad  and he went near   to his father and told him, “The son of Sumithra has come.”                                                                                                            31.35
Angadha on hearing the words of Lakshmana  ,  with a face turned pale and with an agitated mind  prostrated first to the king and then  offered salutations to the feet of Ruma.                                      31.36
The highly powerful Angadha held the feet of his father and then again held the feet  of his mother, then  pressing  the feet of Ruma revealed the message to him.                                                                          31.37
That monkey  under the influence of  sleep and drinks  did not come back to his senses  as he was greatly intoxicated  and was influenced by the  lord of love.                                                                      31.38
The monkeys seeing  the angry Lakshmana   , with a heart   full  of great fear  made sounds like “Kila, kila”   so as to please Lakshmana  .                                                                                                                  31.39
Seeing him advance  like a great flood  and hearing his voice which was like   a thunderbolt , they all went near Sugreeva and roared like a lion, equaling his voice.                                                                31.40
By that very great sound the monkey was awakened  and he was having red eyes due to intoxication  and all his ornaments were in disarray .                                                                                                        31.41
After listening to the words of Angadha , two ministers called Plaksha and Prabhava both of whom had the permission to go to  see the wives of the king  and who were in charge of wealth and Dharma  went along with Angadha , and reported to Sugreeva the arrival of Lakshmana  and spoke about several aspects .                                                                                                                                                   31.42-31.43
By speaking conciliatory words   they pleased Sugreeva  and sat near him    who was like Indra the lord of Maruths.                                                                                                                                                        31.44
“The  great brothers Rama and Lakshmana  are votaries of truth  though they merited their kingdom , they have given it up and come here   extending  friendship to you.”                                                    31.45
“One of them Lakshmana  having  a bow in his hand   is standing near our gate   and  the monkeys who are trembling with fear have run away.”                                                                                                      31.46
“Lakshmana who is the brother of Rama is one who   steers   the chariot of the needed action of Rama , and  he has reached  here as per the order of Rama.”                                                                             31.47
“Oh sinless king , Lakshmana  has sent dear Angadha  , who is the son of Tara  to your presence .”  31.48
“Oh lord of monkeys , that  valorous man is  standing near our gate with  eyes filled with anger , as if he wants to burn the monkeys with his eyes.”                                                                                               31.49
“Oh king, you  go quickly  along with your son and relatives and salute him , so that the results of his anger can be averted.”                                                                                                                                  31.50
“Oh king , with a steady mind complete the task of Rama  and  honour your agreement with him and keep up your promise.”                                                                                                                                31.51

This is the end of the  thirty first chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

32.Hanuman advices  Sugreeva

(When Sugreeva says that he does not understand why Lakshmana is angry, Hanuman tells him that  he has not noticed the arrival of autumn and did not take   action to fulfill requirement of Rama. He tells him to go before Rama with a bowed head.)

After hearing the words of Angadha,  the self respecting Sugreeva along with his ministers , hearing that Lakshmana was angry , left his seat.                                                                                                                 32.1
Sugreeva who was expert  and diligent in strategies, after determining the pros  and cons  spoke the following to his ministers  who were experts in state craft.                                                                         32.2 
“I have not spoken a wrong word nor have I done a wrong act  and I am thinking why Rama and Lakshmana   should  get angry with me.”                                                                                                        32.3
“Some  unkind and unfriendly people , who are always searching for my weakness  might have told  brother  of Rama   about my mistakes which are lies.”                                                                                  32.4
“In this case all of you  should find out as per your reasoning meticulously  the reason  about  this opinion of Lakshmana  along with steady reason for that.”                                                                          32.5
“I do not have any special fear either towards   Rama and Lakshmana , but because a friend is agitated ,I too am agitated.”                                                                                                                                                   32.6
“It is easy to earn a friend but difficult to maintain friendship  as the mind has  temporary likes and dislikes  which will  break the stable friendship.”                                                                                             32.7
“Because of this I fear    the great soul Rama  because I could not extend a help to him  for the help done  by him.”                                                                                                                                                                     32.8
When Sugreeva told this, Hanuman the great monkey lord   who was in the middle of monkey ministers  told these words according to his logic.                                                                                                              32.9
“Oh king of the groups of monkeys , forgetting the  friendly  help done to you  is indeed surprising.”
“The greatly valorous Rama pushing aside his fear , for the sake of your friendship  killed Vali who is as valorous as Indra.”                                                                                                                                                32.11
“Without any doubt Rama is angry with you   due to his friendship with you  and only    for that reason he has   sent Lakshmana , who is the giver  of prosperity.”                                                                     32.12
“Though you are expert in knowing time  , you were not alert enough to notice the lush green season and  blooming of Sapthachadha  flowers , heralding the onset of autumn.”                                      32.13
“With the disappearance of clouds the planets and stars are clearly visible  and the rivers , tanks and different directions are also looking pleasant .”                                                                                        32.14
“Oh king of monkeys , though the proper time  for war efforts have come , you had not noticed it as you have been intoxicated  and it is sure Lakshmana  has come here  because   of that.”                       32.15
“You should endure the harsh words of  the great Raghava     as he is anguished because his wife has been stolen  and he has magnanimously helped  you by giving the kingdom.”                                  32.16
“Having committed a mistake   I do not find any other alternative except  by saluting him with folded hands and requesting his   excuse.”                                                                                                            32.17
“The  ministers  who have been chosen should give good advice   to the king  after giving up  fear  and by these words   I am telling you what I think.”                                                                                             32.18
“A very angry Raghava   using his bow can control  the entire world including devas , asuras   and Gandharwas.”                                                                                                                                                 32.19
“Any one who has received favours from another person should not forget it   and it is not proper for you   to make him angry or upset.”                                                                                                           32.20
“ Oh king , Along with your  son and friends , go and stand before him with a bowed head , like a wife stands before her husband.”                                                                                                                      32.21
“Oh king of monkeys , it is not proper for you to overlook the words of Rama or his brother in your mind .The strength of a human being  like Rama who is equal to Indra   is realized only by the mind.”  32.22

This is the end of the  thirty second chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

33.Tara tries to pacify Lakshmana

(Being scared Sugreeva sends  Tara to pacify Lakshmana. She   tells Lakshmana that    the mistake has been done but she also tells him that monkeys from all over the world has started arriving. She takes Lakshmana in side  the king’s private chamber.)

Then Angadha invited Lakshmana, the slayer   of enemies  and he entered the pretty cave of Kishkinda   as per the orders of Rama.                                                                                                                                 33.1
Then the very strong and huge bodies monkeys standing at the gate   seeing Lakshmana who was coming in  stood    with hands saluting him.                                                                                                 33.2
Seeing him  who was the son of the king Dasaratha , very angry and taking deep breaths entering inside , they were scared and did not stand surrounding him.                                                                               33.3
The glorious Lakshmana  saw the  great cave decorated by precious gems , having  flowering gardens  and with many objects studded with gems.                                                                                                 33.4
With mansions and multi storey buildings  and shining with the studded gems , with  trees bearing all types of fruits , and with blossomed flowers , the cave was shining .                                                     33.5
Those monkeys there,   were the sons of Devas and Gandharwas and could change their form according to their wish , were good to look at , were shining with divine garlands  .                                            33.6
With a sweet smell of Sandal , Agaru   and lotus pastes  it was having a divine   scent and with smell of liquor prepared the paths   were  highly exhilarated .                                                                               33.7
He saw there,  big multi storey houses resembling Vindhya   and Meru  mountain  and also saw mountain rivers with pure water.                                                                                                                 33.8
On the royal avenue , Lakshmana saw the pretty home of Angadha and the greet homes  of  monkey lords Mainda  , Dvividha,  Gavaya , Gavaksha , Gaja , Sharabha , Vidhyunamali, Sampathi , Sooryaksha,  Hanuman , Veerabahu, Subahu, Nala , the great Kumudha , Sushena, Thara, Jambhavan , Dadhivakthra, neela, Patala  and Sunethra .                                                                                                               33.9-33.12
They shined like silver clouds  and had flower garlands and scents  and also had wealth and grains  and also gem like shining  ladies .                                                                                                                            33.13  
The pretty  inaccessible palace  of the king of monkeys  was surrounded by a white mountain  and was looking like the palace of the great Indra and the  tall building was like a  peak in Kailasa   mountain , It had   all the desired fruits  and   shining trees  in bloom   which were given by Indra  and shined like blue rich clouds   which yielded divine fruits   and provided cool shade . Excellent garlands were strung round the palace and huge monkeys wielding weapons  were screening its gateways, while its main archway cast in refined golden  was looking great  And the very bold Lakshmana without opposition  entered such a fascinating palace of Sugreeva, similar to the sun entering a colossal cloud.           33.14-33.18
Lakshmana passed through seven courtyards    which were provided   with   seats   for relaxation  and then he saw the great  secret private apartments   of Sugreeva . , in which several golden cots as well  as blessed  chairs were  provided  and here and there he saw that  very luxurious upholstery  were provided.                                                                                                                                               33.19-33.20
As soon as he entered there he heard very sweet notes  which was accompanied by music of stringed instruments , drums and lyrics with poetic words.                                                                                   33.21
That very strong one,  saw in the home of Sugreeva  , young ladies with different type of features who were proud of themselves.                                                                                                                          33.22
Lakshmana saw there , ladies of great birth , engrossed  in making garlands with flowers  as well as flower tassels  and who were wearing very valuable   ornaments . None of them seemed to be not satisfied or  not greatly strained  and were dressed exceedingly well  and even the attendants of Sugreeva  looked good.                                                                                                                  33.23-33.24
The gentle son of Sumithra felt  embarrassed  on hearing   the  sound of  silver anklets  and golden cincture .                                                                                                                                                       33.25
That Lakshmana on hearing the sound of  golden ornaments   of the lady monkeys  was hurt and highly provoked in anger  twanged his bow  and this sound filled   all directions .                                    33.26
That Lakshmana of sterling character , great strength  was hurt   by that sound when he compared   to the lonely  Rama who had only sorrow for company.                                                                          33.27
The king of monkeys Sugreeva hearing the twang sound of his bow  was startled up from his seat of luxury  as he knew that Lakshmana has arrived.                                                                                  33.28
“Like Angadha informed me earlier , it is clear that the son of Sumithra who loves his brother has very much arrived.,”                                                                                                                                          33.29
 The intelligent monkey   thought   that as  told by Angadha earlier and also by the twang  sound of the bow , Lakshmana has   come and  then his face  become dried up.                                                  33.30
With a worried and bewildered mind  that king of monkeys Sugreeva  told the following words  of advantage to the good looking Tara  in a deliberate  voice.                                                               33.31
“What is the reason of grudge to this brother of Rama who talks   in a soft way and why has he reached here with so much disdain?”                                                                                                                   33.32
“Oh Tara without any blemish  , what do you think is the reason for the anger   of this lad  as that best of men will not get angry without any cause?”                                                                                        33.33
“If you consider that we have done even a little thing which he did not like , you determine with your quick wittedness and inform me immediately .”                                                                               33.34
“Otherwise oh pretty lady, you yourself see him personally  and with words which are soft and conciliatory  please him.”                                                                                                                       33.35
“That pure one on seeing you will not show his anger   as  for great people do not   exhibit their anger  before ladies.”                                                                                                                                           33.36
“If you go near and talk to him conciliatory  words , he would be greatly pacified  and then only  I would be able to see the lotus eyed one   who is a slayer of his enemies .”                                           33.37
That  Tara   who was tipsy eyed  due to exuberance,  who was with  golden waist belt hanging down  , who has exquisite features , with a body bent like stick went in to the presence of Lakshmana with a  very shaking gait.                                                                                                                                         33.38
That great one observed   her who was the wife of the king of monkeys  without any emotion  and that son of the king bent his face down  backed down his anger due to   his being near a lady.        33.39
She who did not have any shyness due to her being drunk , pleased  the son of a king by her  look  and then Tara who was an expert in love  told  these great words  which were conciliatory.           33.40
“Oh son of the king of  human beings , what is the reason for your anger ? Who is not obeying your order?  And who is that person who is  like a dried wood and inviting the forest fire of your anger?”
Having  heard the words of Tara   spoken  pleasant and  friendly manner  without  any hesitation , Lakshmana spoke.                                                                                                                                      33.42
“Oh Lady , your husband has made passion as his habit and is not following Dharma and Artha and though you are supposed to know his mind, do you  not know about this ?  “                              33.43
“Oh Tara , he does not think about the kingdom nor about  us who are sorrowing  but he is engaged only with drinking along with his ministers.”                                                                                                 33.44
“That lord of monkeys having promised to take action after   four months , has wasted his time in drinks  and strolling  and does not realize that   the time has been exceeded.”                                          33.45
“To those who follow Dharma and Artha drinking is not recommended  for by drinking , wealth , dharma  and desire would get reduced.”                                                                                                               33.46
“Not rendering help in return to those who have extended great help  causes violation of Dharma  and loss of good friend  leads  to loss of   wealth and destruction.”                                                        33.47
“Sugreeva has forsaken two friends  who  are votaries of truth and observers of Dharma  and excel  in the properties of Artha  and so Dharma does  not observe Dharma.”                                           33.48
“Oh expert  in principle   of jobs, our job has now come to a standstill  and therefore  our job is unfinished  and you may please tell us   what to do in this situation.”                                         33.49
Tara listening  to those words  which were according to principles of Dharma and Artha and had the property of sweetness , spoke  decisively and faithfully  about the job  pertaining  to the king of men, Rama.                                                                                                                                                        33.50
“Oh Son of a king , do not get  angry  for it is not proper to get angry on your own people . On people who desire to do your work , oh valorous one , you should not find mistake.”                           33.51
“Oh  young lad, how  come this anger  in you who is endowed with all virtues,  that too ,on a person who is weak? How can you  who are good   and a source of great penance fall in the grips of anger? 33.52
“I know about the great anger of the friend of the monkey lord . I know about the time limit set for  taking up the job. I know about the fact that the job has not been done and I also know the task   that remains  to be done.”                                                                                                                                    33.53
“Oh great man, I know  about the strength of the passion born out of body.  I know about the lack of interest of Sugreeva    about the  job that is bound to be done.”                                                         33.54
“Since your mind is caught up with anger , you do not think about matters of passion  but one who is under the  influence of passion  does not bother about time and place  and does not bother about  Dharma.  “                                                                                                                                                       33.55
“oh destroyer of enemies , please pardon your brother who is the lord of the monkey clan  who being near me  , is  in love with me  and  makes  shamelessly passionate advances  towards me .”    33.56
“Sages who love Dharma and penance   closely follow   the course of their desire fulfillment   when entangled in lust  but Sugreeva is an impulsive monkey  and a king also and how can he   avoid being entangled  in passionate activities.”                                                                                                          33.57
After saying these  very meaningful words  that lady monkey  who has fluttering eyes  due to passion started speaking   to the matchless Lakshmana , words which would be beneficial to her playful  husband .                                                                                                                                                                              33.58
“Oh  best among men , Though he is imprisoned by passion  that Sugreeva  has  started making efforts   long back to achieve your objective.”                                                                                                             33.59
“Very valorous monkeys , who can assume any form they like  in hundreds, thousands and crores  who are residing in different mountains  have already arrived.”                                                                      33.60
“Oh  long armed Lakshmana, I know that you are trying to protect your character but you can come inside the palace    since  it is not a sin to see the wife of a friend with friendly feeling.”                   33.61
The  valorous hero and  the  killer of enemies  quickly  entered  the private apartments of the king  as per the words of Tara   and in view of urgency of    the situation.                                                           33.62
Then Lakshmana saw famous Sugreeva seated on a golden throne  , decorated  all round  with   cushions, decorated with ornaments of different colours which was  pretty  in appearance, adorned with beautiful garlands and clothes. He was surrounded by women adorned with most fascinating ornaments and garlands. Bewildered at the sight Lakshmana 's eyes turned red in anger. He appeared like Yama the lord of death.                                                                                                                                            33.63-33.65
Sugreeva whose complexion was like that of rich gold was seated on an blessed  seat tightly embracing  his wife Ruma, and that brave one has seen Lakshmana whose heroism  is never-varying  and , that suspiciously wide-eyed Sugreeva made sheep eyes at the furiously broad-eyed Lakshmana.           33.66

This is the end of the  thirty  third chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

34.Lakshmana angrily shouts at Sugreeva.

(Lalshmana Is  upset by the bad behavior of Sugreeva, He shouts at him and alsi=o threatens him.)

Seeing Lakshmana  that bull of men who cannot be stopped  entering  with great anger , Sugreeva  was greatly disturbed in his sense organs.                                                                                                                34.1
Seeing that angry son of Dasaratha  who was taking deep breath,  who was  shining with luster and who was  burning with anger at the sorrow of his brother , that monkey chief got up from his  golden seat  which was like the decorated flag of   great Indra and  stood up .                                                       34.2-34.3
When Sugreeva jumped up and moved forward ,   Ruma and other ladies followed him , like all the stars following the moon.                                                                                                                                              34.4
That prosperous red eyed one saluted Lakshmana   and started shivering  and became like the great Kalpa  tree.                                                                                                                                                             34.5
Seeing Sugreeva along with Ruma and  occupying a place in the middle of ladies , like the moon being  in the middle  of stars , Lakshmana got enraged    and told.                                                                            34.6
“Only a strong king  of good heritage  , who is compassionate , who can control his senses  and  who is grateful  and truthful can excel in this world. “                                                                                               34.7
“ What could be  more malicious   than that king who does not follow Dharma who makes false promises   to his friends ?”                                                                                                                                                   34.8
“If a person promises one horse and does not give it , he gets the sin of killing hundred manes and if he promises a cow and does not give it , he gets the sin of killing  one thousand manes  and if he promises to help a person and does not it , he gets the sin of committing suicide  and killing all his relations.”34.9
“Oh lord of monkeys,  among all beings , a person who is helped by another as per promise  and does not help that friend in return is ungrateful  and he deserves    to be killed.”                                           34.10
“Oh monkey ,  you might be knowing   that after seeing an ungrateful  person   an outraged Brahman  sang this    verse.”                                                                                                                                                 34.11
“To the one who kills a Brahmin  or one who drinks  liquor  or to the thief  or  to one   who breaks a ritual vow   there is atonement but not to the ungrateful person.”                                                           34.12
“  Oh monkey , you are ,  not a gentleman but    an ungrateful person and a liar    because  you who were indebted to Rama has not done   anything in return.”                                                                                 34.13
“Oh monkey , if you are indeed grateful to Rama , you should have   done search for Sita  and at least now   you should take it up.”                                                                                                                           34.14
“Due to your interest in activities of passion  , you have falsified your promise  and unfortunately Rama could not identify you who is a snake  croaking  like a frog.”                                                                    34.15
“That great soul Rama has  shown mercy on you who is a sinner  and a bad soul , the kingdom of Monkeys.”                                                                                                                                                          34.16
“If presently you do not recognize    the help rendered by Rama who can accomplish any task easily  would make you see Vali , using his very sharp arrows.”                                                                         34.17
“The path went by Vali after his death is not a narrow one  and so please    stand by  the agreement with   Rama, if you do not want to follow  Vali.”                                                                                                  34.18
“You have not faced the arrows released   from the bow of that   son of Ikshuvaku race , which are like thunderbolts  and that is why you are   resorting to enjoyment  of pleasures without bothering about doing the job of Rama.”                                                                                                                                34.19

This is the end of the  thirty  fourth  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

35.Tara gives a convincing answer

(Tara tells Lakshmana that   the only wrong that Sugreeva did was not realizing the time. She tells him that  lot of soldiers are required to kill Ravana and he has sent for monkey and bear soldiers.)

When the son of Sumithra who was glowing like a flame  told like this , Tara who has a face like  moon , told  Lakshmana.                                                                                                                                                  35.1
“No Lakshmana,  Such harsh  words should not be  have been used while talking with the king of monkeys. This is especially   true   as regards you.”                                                                                      35.2
“Oh valorous one , Sugreeva  is not ungrateful, adamant , pitiable ,  a teller of lies , dishonest  or crooked.”                                                                                                                                                               35.3
“Oh valorous one , that monkey has not forgotten the help rendered by Rama  by fighting a war which would have been difficult to others.”                                                                                                              35.4
“It is  by the grace of Rama that he got fame, the stable  kingdom of monkeys , me as well as Ruma, Oh destroyer of enemies.”                                                                                                                                      35.5
“He  who was not sleeping due to sorrow has now   attained  great happiness  but unfortunately he has not realized  that the proper time has come like sage Viswamithra.”                                                        35.6
“The great sage was carrying on union with an Apsaras called  Grithachi for ten years  , though he thought it was only for a day.”                                                                                                                       35.7
“Even such and noble and valiant sage like Viswamithra  who was  an expert about knowledge of time  did not realize about passage of time and  what we can we tell about  an ordinary man.”             35.8
“As a person who is  fed up due to  not being able to satisfy his passion , he is now  attending to his physical needs  and for that now you may pardon him.”                                                                          35.9
“Oh Lakshmana     without knowing about  the truth about Sugreeva, it was not proper for you to get into rage  like this.”                                                                                                                                     35.10
“Oh Bull among men , people like you who are votaries of truth , without thinking  and with rash nature   do not get angry like this.”                                                                                                                         35.11
“Oh  follower  of Dharma  show your grace and for sake of Sugreeva become  composed and give this  agitation arising out of great anger.”                                                                                                        35.12
“ I feel that for the sake of pleasing Rama,  Sugreeva  would give up even Ruma, me , monkey kingdom , grains, wealth , treasures.”                                                                                                                         35.13
“Sugreeva would reunite Sita with Rama , like joining Rohini with moon , after killing  Ravana in a war.”
“The total number of Rakshasas in Lanka  is supposed to   one trillion  , thirty nine thousand    and   six hundred.”                                                                                                                                                         35.15
“Without killing these unassailable Rakshasas who can take any form that they wish  , it is not possible to kill Ravana who has stolen Sita.”                                                                                                             35.16
“Oh Lakshmana , it is also not possible kill Ravana in war without any other help , especially to Sugreeva.”                                                                                                                                                        35.17
“The well informed Vali  who is the lord of monkeys  has told to Sugreeva  about this   and I do not know  where  from he got this information.”                                                                                                       35.18
“The Lord of monkeys,  for the sake of helping you   in the battle , has called many monkeys  to summon many monkeys    and monkey lords.”                                                                                                       35.19
“Sugreeva is awaiting   those very strong and valorous monkeys  for accomplishing the task of Rama  and so he has not still started.”                                                                                                                         35.20
“Oh Lakshmana, since Sugreeva  has already promulgated a decree , all those monkeys would be arriving   any time now.”                                                                                                                                             35.21
“One thousand crores of bears , hundreds of apes  and several crores of monkeys with great luster will arrive today and attend to your needs and so give up your anger now .”                                       35.22
“By seeing your very angry face as well as blood red eyes , the monkey ladies would lose their peace  and would start suspecting their earlier fear.”                                                                                     35.23

This is the end of the  thirty  fifth  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

36. Sugreeva   admits his mistake

(Seeing that Lakshmana  is pacified by Tara ,Sugreeva talks with Lakshmana. He tells him that he is sorry and promises  that he will do everything that is needed. Lakshmana requests Sugreeva to come with him to console Rama.”

Hearing these courteous   words of Tara which were according to dharma , The son of Sumithra who has a gentle  nature  accepted  her words.                                                                                                           36.1
As soon as   her words were accepted, the king of the monkey groups  cast off his great fear like one casts off the wet cloth.                                                                                                                                       36.2
Then Sugreeva , the lord of monkeys   broke off the very colorful , fresh and fragrant  garland that he was wearing on his neck  and got rid of his drunken stupor.                                                                      36.3
The Lord of all monkeys  spoke these polite  and pleasing  words to the   very strong Lakshmana .  36.4
“Oh son of Sumithra,  It is only by the grace of  Rama that I got back my wealth , fame  and the stable  kingdom of monkeys.”                                                                                                                                       36.5
“Oh destroyer of enemies , Lakshmana , Rama is famous for his god like  deeds  and to a person of that great valour , who can afford to repay?”                                                                                                        36.6
“That Raghava  by his   own valour   can reach  Sita  and also can kill Ravana  and I can only provide assistance .”                                                                                                                                                         36.7
“What type of help can be provided to him   who  has pierced with one arrow the seven Sala trees , earth and mountain ?”                                                                                                                                      36.8
“By the sound of the twang of his bow , Oh Lakshmana, mountains  and earth tremble and what type of help   can I provide him.”                                                                                                                                  36.9
“Oh bull among men, when  that king among men  goes to kill Ravana  along with his armies and relations, I can only walk behind him.”                                                                                                       36.10
“If I have committed an excess due to love  and faith that I have in him, , he should pardon me like a servant , for who in this earth does not do mistakes.”                                                                             36.11
When the great soul Sugreeva spoke like this , Lakshmana felt happy  and with love and affection he told.                                                                                                                                                                    36.12
“Oh king of monkeys  , my brother always  is with a protector  and if you are his courteous protector  it would be really great.”                                                                                                                                    36.13
“Oh Sugreeva, by your power, purity , straightforward nature  you  deserve the kingdom of monkeys   and so enjoy it.”                                                                                                                                                36.14
“The very famous Rama with your  help Sugreeva ,  will shortly kill  all his enemies and there is no doubt about it.”                                                                                                                                                            36.15
“Oh Sugreeva  your words  are very  true  and suitable because  you are a votary of dharma, a grateful one , and one who never retreats in a battle .”                                                                                         36.16
“Oh best among monkeys , except for you and my brother   who can speak like this  about  one’s defects  knowing well   about his merits?”                                                                                                                36.17
“You are equal to Rama in your strength  and valour  and Oh great monkey , only by the decree of fate you have come to help us.”                                                                                                                           36.18
“Oh valorous one ,  without any delay start  with me  so that we can together   console  Rama who is grieving because of the abduction of his wife.”                                                                                       36.19
“After hearing the words of Rama laden with sorrow , I spoke to you those harsh words  and so please excuse me.”                                                                                                                                                     36.20

This is the end of the  thirty  sixth  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

37.Monkey warriors start  arriving

(As per Sugreeva ’s instruction, large number  of monkey lordswere sent all over the   world  to summon monkeys  to help Rama. Being scared most of them start arriving in Kishkinda.)

When  Sugreeva was addressed this way by Lakshmana, Sugreeva    told  Hanuman  the minister  who was standing nearby.                                                                                                                                        37.1
"Please send word  to  the monkeys  available on the summits of these five mountains, namely, Mahendra,  Himalaya,  Vindhya, and  Kailash and those that are on the white  peak of  Mandara,  as well as those that are on the mountains at seashore, udaya adri, namely 'sunrise-mountain,' which mountains will always be dazzling with the light  of youthful sun, and  to them that are on the mountains which shine in the purple colour  of evening clouds, asta adri, namely 'sunset-mountain' and which mountains are situated at the Palace of Sun. And the catastrophic monkey chiefs that are abiding in the palm groves of  Padma and also   to  the monkeys  who are similar to black-mascara and black-clouds in their shine, and who match elephants in their vigour, and who live on   Anjana, they too are to be called over here  Those monkeys whose complexion will be golden and dwell in the caves of Great-Mountain, besides those who are on the mountainsides of Meru, and those living on the Black-Red mountain, along with those topmost speeded  monkeys  living on  the Great-Ochre  mountain   who would be swilling palm-toddy, these are to be summoned. Further, the  monkeys  who will be in the tinge of rising sun and who dwell in the highly delightful, richly fragrant and lofty woodlands that are surrounded with the delightful hermitages of sages are to be summoned. Along with them, the monkeys  who are in the interiors of forests, they are also to be called for. Why  only these  few?  All those  monkeys that are on the earth, all of them are to be assembled. Oh, Hanuman , you quickly summon all of the topmost speeded  monkeys  by employing concessions, conciliations and  other similar  procedures.”   
“Also those swift   messengers who have been sent earlier  are  to be hastened  up by you  by sending other monkeys to contact them.”                                                                                                         37.10
“As per command you also collect those monkeys who are engaged in affairs of passion and also    those who act  slowly.”                                                                                                                                       37.11
“Those   bad monkeys who disobey my order and do not come back  within   ten days are to be killed , due to their breaking  the order of the king.”                                                                                                  37.12
“These hundreds of thousands of crores  of monkeys  similar to lion , who are obedient to my orders   are  to be sent to different directions .”                                                                                               37.13
“The best among monkeys  who are similar to cloud and mountains  will go  because of my command all over  the sky.”                                                                                                                                                 37.14
“Let all the monkeys of the world  , be located   and their  movements  studied  and be brought here as per command .”                                                                                                                                             37.15
As soon as Hanuman   the son of wind God  heard these words of the king , he sent word to all directions  , for all the advancing monkeys.                                                                                                                 37.16
In a split-second, the monkeys  that were sent by the king of  monkeys   jumped   in to sky , to the airways of birds and stars on their way, and indeed reached the vault of heaven, which was once trodden by Vishnu.                                                                                                                                      37.17
Those monkeys drove all the monkeys towards seas, mountains, forests and tanks in order to serve the cause of Rama.”                                                                                                                                             37.18
Hearing   the death like order   of their  great king  Sugreeva , they all  came  at once  scared   of Sugreeva ’s order.                                                                                                                                          37.19
Then from the mountains   three crores swift moving  monkeys who  were black like collyrium  came out to meet Raghava.                                                                                                                                          37.20
Ten crore monkeys residing on the mountain where   the sun sets  who were shining like molten gold came out.                                                                                                                                                        37.21
One thousand crores of them  who were of the colour of the mane of the lion    came from the top of Kailasa  mountain.                                                                                                                                        37.22
Thousand- thousand crores of monkeys  living on fruits and  roots  came from Himalayas .        37.23
One crore of monkeys living on Vindhya  mountains  who were huge , did great deeds   and who were  like fire  came very swiftly  .                                                                                                                      37.24
Innumerable monkey residents of the Thamala  forest on the banks of the ocean of milk  which fed in the coconut   grove also came.                                                                                                                37.25
The swift moving monkeys  army from   , forests, caves , river banks  came  blocking the sun   and   it looked like they were  drinking the sun.                                                                                                37.26
Those monkeys who were sent earlier to hasten up other monkeys reached  the Himavath mountain and saw   there, great trees.                                                                                                                            37.27
On this  blessed and pretty mountain  one  divine and  mind bewitching Yagna dedicated to Lord Shiva which made the minds of all devas happy was conducted earlier.                                                  37.28
The monkeys found that the fruits of trees  and roots produced from the   scattering of the offerings   during the Yagna  were tasting like nectar.                                                                                           37.29
Those pretty  fruits and roots grown out  of the  scattering of offerings during the Yagna , satisfied the one who eats   them for a month.                                                                                                         37.30
Those fruit eating monkey leaders  collected those divine fruits and roots as well as  the divine medicines which were growing there.                                                                                                  37.31
From that  sacrificial altar  the monkeys collected   sweet smelling flowers , so that they can please Sugreeva.                                                                                                                                                    37.32
All those chosen monkeys   for guiding  all the monkey herds  of the world , proceeded swiftly in front of them .                                                                                                                                                           37.33
In a short while those monkey herds   who had earlier gone to bring other monkeys reached Kishkinda   by moving very swiftly and met Sugreeva.                                                                                             37.34
  Those monkeys who had collected several  medicinal herbs , fruits and roots   offered them to Sugreeva as gift and spoke the following words.                                                                                                    37.35
“WE have covered all the oceans, mountains , forests in the entire   earth  and as per the order the monkeys from there , would be coming here very soon. “                                                                     37.36
Then the king of monkeys Sugreeva , hearing this became very happy  and accepted all the gifts that   were brought to him.                                                                                                                                     37.37

This is the end of the  thirty  seventh   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

38. Sugreeva meets  Rama  and tells about the large army

( Sugreeva along with Lakshmana goes and meets Rama who is  very pleased to see the huge army of monkeys.)

After  receiving  all the gifts   brought  by them   and after pleasing all monkeys  Sugreeva permitted  them to go.                                                                                                                                                              38.1
After sending back the  monkeys  heroes who have  done  their work , he wanted  to do some meaningful work to Rama .                                                                                                                                 38.2
That Lakshmana of great strength  , made Sugreeva  the foremost among monkeys happy   and told these humble words to him, “If it pleases you, let us go out of Kishkinda(to meet Rama).”                    38.3
Hearing those well spoken words of Lakshmana , Sugreeva was greatly pleased and told , “ As you please , we would go as  I would  obey your command.”                                                                                   38.4-38.5
After saying these words to  the auspicious looking  Lakshmana , he sent back   all  monkey women including Tara.”                                                                                                                                                      38.6
Then Sugreeva in a loud voice shouted , “Come here”,  and hearing his words   the monkeys came in speedily  and stood there in salutation   as they were permitted to see  the lady folk of the palace .”
Then that king who had similar luster  like the Sun told, “Immediately bring my palanquin and position it.”                                                                                                                                                                             38.8
As soon as the valorous monkeys heard these words , they immediately  set up the good looking palanquin before him .                                                                                                                                         38.9
That king of the monkeys seeing that the palanquin was set up  addressed the son of Sumithra and said , “Please get in to the Palanquin quickly.”                                                                                                        38.10
Saying this that Sugreeva who was similar to Sun in luster    ascended that golden palanquin with Lakshmana  and it was carried by very strong monkeys.                                                                             38.11
The incomparable Sugreeva  having attained the royal prosperity  was greeted by the monkeys  and  a white umbrella was held over his head , fans made of yak tails were used to fan him  and  with the heralding sound of drums and  conches set out from there.”                                                          38.12-38.13
Then accompanied by hundreds of monkeys   armed with sharp weapons , he started going to the place where  Rama was there.                                                                                                                                      38.14
Having reached the place where   the great Rama was residing  , Sugreeva descended from the palanquin   with great luster   along with  Lakshmana.                                                                                  38.15
He then approached Rama and stood before him in salutation  and when he was standing in salutation ,  the other monkeys also entered there.                                                                                                            38.16
Rama seeing the monkey army  who were   standing like Lotus buds  in a  pond , was greatly pleased.
When the Lord of monkeys   saluted Rama with his head touching Rama’s feet, Rama  lifted him up and embraced him  with love and great regard.                                                                                                     38.18
After embracing him that soul of Dharma asked him to take his seat  and when he saw him sitting on the earth , he told him.                                                                                                                                               38.19
“Oh valorous one, Oh great  and good monkey, he who apportions  Dharma , Artha and Kama properly according to time  deserves  to be the king.”                                                                                                  38.20
“The one who gives up Dharma and Artha    and attends to only on Kama (passion)  is like a man sleeping on the tree and would realize it only when he    falls down.”                                                                       38.21
“That king  who kills his enemies and looks after his friends  would get results of Dharma, Artha and Kama  by the Dharma that  he practices.”                                                                                                        38.22
“Oh destroyer of enemies ,  The time to  do the job  has already come  and so you may think over about it with your ministers   and other monkeys.”                                                                                                   38.23
When Sugreeva heard these words of Rama, he told, “ Oh great armed one , the wealth , fame and stable monkey kingdom  which was lost me was redeemed by your grace “                              38.24-38.25
“Oh Lord , oh greatest among the victorious, that one who accomplishes  things  by you and your brother’s help,  if he does not return it is despicable .”                                                                          38.26
“Oh killer of enemies ,  hundreds of strong monkey chieftains  have collected all  the monkeys of the earth and they are all here.”                                                                                                                         38.27
“ Oh Raghava , The fierce looking and valiant bears  and apes are well aware of the inaccessible forest fortresses   have been brought  and those monkeys who are the sons of Devas and Gandharwas  can assume any form that they like  and all of them are coming surrounded  by their armies.”  38.28-38.29
“Oh  destroyer  of enemies! The monkeys in hundred thousand crores (Lakhs), crores, Ayutas (ten crores) Sanku, Arbuda, hundred Arbudas, Madhyas, Antyas, Samudras and Paradhya are expected to come.( 'one, ten, hundred, thousand, ten thousand, one lakh,prayutam 'ten lakhs or a million, then a crore and then an arbuda ten-crore or a billion, and then ten arbuda-s makes one bRinda and ten brinda-s make one kharva and ten kharva-s make one nikharva and ten nikharva-s make one mahaa padma and ten mahaa padma-s make one shanku 'one lakh crores or a trillion, and ten shanku-s make one samudra and then ten samudra-s make one antya and ten antya-s make a madhya and ten madhya make one paradhya )O king , They are equal to lord Indra in valour and appear like mountains Meru and Mandara and residents of Vindhya and Meru mountains. “                                                            38.30-38.32
“These monkeys who are capable of killing Rakshasa  Ravana along with his family   and bring back   Sita  would be coming  soon  here. “                                                                                                                     38.33
That Intelligent Rama  who was the son of the king of earth , after reviewing the progress achieved in his work  as per the instruction of the Lord of the monkeys  became extremely happy and looked like a full opened blue lotus    flower.                                                                                                                             38.34

This is the end of the  thirty  eighth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

39. Monkey chiefs and their armies  meet Sugreeva and Rama

(Monkey chiefs and the huge number of soldiers   arrive in Kishkinda. Sugreeva requests them to    strike tent and become comfortable. Rama is pleased.)

After Sugreeva spoke this  way, Rama who was the foremost follower of Dharma , hugged him , saluted him and told   him the following .                                                                                                                      39.1
“Oh pain giver to your enemies , Oh gentle one  Similar to   Indra causing rain , to  the sun with thousand rays brightens the earth  and removes darkness  and  to   the moon  who makes    the earth pure by his luminosity , it is natural for you to help your friends. “                                                                       39.2-39.3
“Oh gentle Sugreeva , it is not at   all surprising to see  you do this auspicious deed as I know you always talk in the  pleasant manner .”                                                                                                                          39.4
“Oh Friend, with your help I would win over all my enemies in war  and you being a good hearted friend  , you only should help me.”                                                                                                                               39.5
“That base Rakshasa has taken away Vaidehi  , inviting his own destruction like just like Poulomi (Indra’s wife and daughter of Puloma) was taken away by Anuhladha  ( Prahlada  ‘s  Brother)  after deceiving Indra.”                                                                                                                                                                    39.6
“ Within a short time I will kill Ravana with sharp arrows , like the father of Poulomi was killed   by Indra in war.”                                                                                                                                                                  39.7
In the mean while  the rays of sun increased    the  heat of the earth and dust started raising in the sky .                                                                                                                                                                             
That dust which rose up  and   spread in all directions  and all the directions were  masked  and the earth including mountains, gardens   and  forests started shaking.                                                                  39.9
The entire land was filled by innumerable numbers of powerful monkeys of mountain size having sharp fangs in a minute. The monkey leaders with a hundred crore  attendants who can assume any form at their will came ; very strong monkeys  from the mountains, rivers and seas monkeys thundering like clouds; and other free monkeys  who were wanderers came ; monkeys in red colour like the rising Sun, tawny coloured ones like the Moon came ; some who were of the colour of white lotus filaments and some monkeys  residing in mountain Meru  also came there.                                                   39.10-39.13
The valorous monkey called Sathavali  accompanied  by ten thousand   crores  prosperous warriors   arrived there.                                                                                                                                                 39.14
The  valorous father of Tara who looked like a golden mountain  came with several ten thousand crores  of  monkeys following him.                                                                                                                         39.15
Then the  wise and mighty father of Ruma , the father in law of Sugreeva    came with  another thousand crores of monkeys accompanying him.                                                                                                    39.16
The  wise and prosperous Kesari , the father of hanuman  , who was the colour of lotus filaments , who looked like the early morning sun  and who was the best and foremost among all monkeys  accompanied by many thousands of monkeys made his appearance there .                                                  39.17-39.18
The very valorous  king of apes Gavaksha  with thousand crores monkeys also came there.        39.19
The destroyer of enemies Dhumra  , the king of bears came there with  two thousand crore   bears who can move very fast.                                                                                                                                      39.20
Panasa the troop leader  who  had a  horrifying look  of a mountain  came along with three   crores of warriors.                                                                                                                                                         39.21
A troop leader called Nila who was like   a blue black mountain  and who had a huge body  came accompanied by ten crores of monkeys.                                                                                                  39.22
Then came another troop  leader called Gavaya  who looked like a golden mountain  surrounded by   five crores of monkeys.                                                                                                                                       39.23
Then came  Darimukha  leader of troops with thousand crores of monkeys  and came near Sugreeva and stood near him.                                                                                                                                             39.24
The very strong Mainda and Dvividha who are the sons of Asvini Puthras  came with thousand crore crores  of monkeys.                                                                                                                                       39.25
The valorous and strong and greatly lustrous  Gaja  surrounded by three crores of monkeys  came and stood before Sugreeva .                                                                                                                               39.26
The king of bears and greatly lustrous  Jambhavan  came with ten crore bears    and put them under control of Sugreeva.                                                                                                                                    39.27
A king of monkeys  , the victorious  and strong  Rumavan  surrounded by one hundred crores  of monkeys  swiftly came   and assembled there .                                                                                    39.28
A monkey called Gandhamadhana  hundred and thousand  and thousand crores of monkeys  following  him reached there .                                                                                                                                    39.29
Then the Yuvaraja Angadha who was equal in prowess    to his father came with thousand trillion  and also ten trillion   monkeys surrounding him.                                                                                         39.30
Then  the greatly valorous Tara  (Brother of father of Ruma)   who shined like a star was seen at a distance  accompanied by five crore of monkeys.                                                                               39.31
Then the blessed monkey called  Indrajanu who was a troop leader  of monkeys came with eleven crores of monkeys.                                                                                                                                                 39.32
Then Rambha who was shining like the just rising  sun  came surrounded with hundred thousand  ayatha  of  army.                                                                                                                                                       39.33
Then a valorous monkey called Yudhapathi who was a  strong troop leader  appeared with two crores of monkeys.                                                                                                                                                      39.34
Then came Hanuman  with very valorous one thousand crore warriors  who looked like peaks of  Kailasa mountain.                                                                                                                                                    39.35
Then came the very valorous Nala surrounded  by  with hundred crores plus  thousand hundred  tree dwelling monkeys.                                                                                                                                     39.36
Then came  the prosperous and   great Dadhimukha  who was liked by Sugreeva very much followed by  ten crores of monkeys.                                                                                                                                    39.37
Sarabha, Kumuda, Vahni and Ramhi and many other monkey  troops who can assume any form at their will and others spread all over the land, mountains and forest advanced towards Sugreeva. All the outstanding monkeys  of the earth came and covered the land.                                               39.38-39.39
Those monkeys came leaping  , jumping  and roaring like clouds and approached   Sugreeva .     39.40
Those monkey leaders were happy , very strong  and making many kind of noises , they bowed their head  to Sugreeva in reverence .                                                                                                                 39.41
Then the monkey greats   reached near Sugreeva in groups  and saluted him in a proper  manner.
Then  at once Sugreeva the follower of Dharma presented   all those bull like monkey leaders  and saluting him told  to the monkeys  as follows.                                                                                         39.43
“ You please make yourselves comfortable  by side of swift mountain streams  and forests and after  lodging yourself there  Rama , who wants to know your strength    would see and inspect you all.

This is the end of the  thirty  ninth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

40. Sugreeva gives orders   for searching the eastern side

(Whenb Sugreeva asks Rama to take command over the monkeys , he tells him that   the first job was to search for  Janaki and Ravana .Rama requests  Sugreeva to take a command of this job.Sugreeva orders Vinatha and his people  to search on the eastern side. He gives details of places and people that   they may encounter up to Udaya giri, from where the sin rises.)

That king Sugreeva , the king of all monkeys , supported by  the  massive strength , told Rama , the tiger among men   who could kill very strong enemies.                                                                                          40.1
“The army who  are as  great as elephants   and who can take any form   have  come and settled down  here now.”                                                                                                                                                             40.2
“Dreadful monkeys  who are  looking like Daithyas and Rakshasas , who   are very heroic and fast  and greatly  valorous   have come here.”                                                                                                              40.3
“Oh Rama,  these  crores  of  monkeys have earned fame by past deeds , strong, ones who cannot be  defeated, famous for their valour  , best for doing jobs  , those who can move earth and water and  those who reside on different mountains  , have come and  they are  your servants.”            40.4-40.5
“Oh destroyer of foes , they would follow    all your instructions  and since they respect   their elders  , they would fulfill your desire.”                                                                                                                        40.6
“Those warriors   who have come here are  in thousands of numbers and greatly valorous  and are comparable to Daithyas and Dhanavas.”                                                                                                      40.7
“Oh tiger among  men, whatever you decide yourself  as the proper time ,  you can give orders   to the army and they     will obey your orders.”                                                                                                     40.8
“The  aspects    of task  that you have in mind is also known to me  but  it is proper that   you do give orders to them.”                                                                                                                                             40.9
When Sugreeva told like this to Rama  , the son of Dasaratha , he hugged him to his shoulders and told the following.                                                                                                                                                 40.10
“Oh very wise one, I want to find  out  whether Janaki is alive or not  and I also want to find  out where Ravana lives.”                                                                                                                                                 40.11
“After reaching the place where Vaidehi lives and also Ravana , I would decide about the proper time in consultation with you .”                                                                                                                                40.12
“Oh lord of Monkeys , oh king of Monkeys , in this task I do not have the competency nor does Lakshmana and only you   are competent .”                                                                                            40.13
“Oh Lord , it is  only you who will order  in this task of mine  for Oh valorous one , without any doubt , you are the only one who knows   about this job.”                                                                                40.14
“Oh hero, Oh wise one , oh expert in deciding time , you are my second friend ,  and so please  take up suitable action  as you are the greatest among those    who know the purpose of this activity.” 40.15
When Sugreeva was spoken to like this he summoned  a troop leader   called Vinatha   who was like a mountain and roared  like a cloud  and he told him in presence  of  Rama and  the wise Lakshmana .
“Oh best of the monkeys  who is expert in determining   time and place  and who can take right decision  march ahead with  one hundred thousand fast moving  monkeys who are like sons of sun and moon to the eastern side with mountains and rivers.”                                                                              40.17-40.18
“There you search for Sita and the home of Ravana  on the peaks of mountain, forests and rivers.”  40.19
“You may search for Sita in the beautiful places where rivers  Bhagirathi, Sarayu so also to Kausiki, Kalindi  flow. You may look for her on the great mountains adjacent to river Yamuna. You may proceed towards rivers Saraswathi, Sindhu, Sonam and Maheem which have crystal clear waters. You may go round earth and the Kala Mahi which is adorned by picturesque mountains and forests. You may proceed to Brahmamala, Videha, Mallava, Kasi, Kosala and Magadha country. In the same way to country of Pundram, Vanga a country of silk worms and land of silver mine.”                      40.20-40.23
“You should carefully  search in these places for the dear wife of Rama   who is the daughter-in-law of Dasaratha.”                                                                                                                                                    40.24
Those who have taken shelter in the sea, in deep valleys, mountains cities and expansive edge of Mandhara mountain should be thoroughly searched. There are innumerable strong cannibals  who cover their ears; there are beings whose ears extend up to the lips, beings with dreadful metallic faces swift moving ones and one footed beings as well. There are Kirata tribes whose tuft hair is set to the sides so that it touches their ears. They have golden complexion and handsome looks. These Kiratas are Island dwellers and they eat uncooked fish. They can move in waters and are dreadful known as tiger like men(Naravyagras).All the resorts of these forest dwellers should be searched well. Those who can be sent by crossing mountain those who can leap in air and those who can swim through waters may be  used for this purpose.”                                                                                                                         40.25-40.29
You may go beyond the Java island which is filled with precious gems. It has seven kingdoms. It has gold and silver in abundance and is adorned with gold mines. There is a mountain named Sisira beyond Java Island. It touches the sky with its lofty cliffs. Gods and demons visit this mountain. You may look for illustrious Rama's wife in these inaccessible mountains, waterfalls and forests.                      40.30-40.32
“From there you go to the deep swift flowing river Sona with red blood like waters. Then you should  cross  the sea worshipped by Sidhas  and Charanas . You have to search for her in those waters as well  in n the pretty  variegated  forests  for the residences of Sita as well as Ravana.”                   40.33-40.34
“Then is proper for you to search in the big sea islands as well as the sea  itself roaring  , stirred up by the wind.”                                                                                                                                                        40.35
“There  are Huge Asuras there who daily  catch beings by their shadow and eat them  and they have been permitted to do so by Brahma , because they have not eaten for a long time.”                       40.36
“ You may reach that ocean looks like huge black cloud and is full of great serpents  through the river and reach a very frightening sea called Lohitha    with red waters  and you would see there a very huge silk cotton tree .”                                                                                                                                40.37-40.38
“Then you would see the house   of Garuda   which is as huge as the Kailasa  mountain  and decorated by  different  type of gems which was constructed by Viswa karma.”                                                     40.39
“There on the cliff of the mountains  very huge fearsome  Rakshasas called Mandoha  would be seen hanging down.”                                                                                                                                          40.40
“Daily as soon as the sun rises they   fall in to the water  and they would again and  again be burnt by the sun and again hang on the   cliff  and by the chant of  Brahmins , they  keep on falling  in the water  again and again.”                                                                                                                                                   40.41
“When you who are unassailable   proceed further  you would see a milky ocean which is similar to the while cloud  and looking  like a pearl necklace .”                                                                                   40.42
“In the middle of that ocean you would see a great  white mountain called  Rishabha , which is surrounded by  trees having silver flowers which emit great fragrance  and there is  also a lake Sudarsana  inhabited by royal swans and filled with silver lotus flowers    with golden filaments.”
“The deities, Charanas, Yakshas , Kinnaras, Apsara  groups  would keep on coming  to the  lotus lake with joy  for enjoying it.”                                                                                                                           40.45
“Oh Monkeys after    crossing that ocean of milk  , you will see   a watery ocean which frightens   all beings.”                                                                                                                                               40.46
“There born out of its great anger  of this ocean , the great being with  a horse face  is created , which eats away all moving and non moving beings.”                                                                         40.47
“There you would hear   the pathetic wails of those  helpless creatures living in the sea as they are   eaten away by this fire faced creature.”                                                                                     40.48
“Thirteen Yojanas north of this    fresh water ocean , there is a great golden mountain called Jatharoopasila. “                                                                                                                             40.49
“There on the top of the mountain you would see a   thousand headed  godly serpent named Anantha who carries the earth and has the luster of the moon , is clothed in blue and has eyes  like petal of lotus flowers , which is saluted by all the world.”                                                                    40.50-40.51
“To that great one who lives on the  top of the mountain , there is a triple crowned  golden flag  with Tala tree inlaid in it and it looks splendid. “                                                                                   40.52
“The gods of heaven have made   all the arrangements in the east  and beyond that is the golden mountain of Sun–rise . Its peak has touches the  heaven and it has spread  over an area of hundred yojanas  and that  peak edge is golden  and looks divine with an altar  in it.”               40.53-40.54
“With Sala tree, palms , Tamala trees and Karnikara   trees in  full bloom   with golden flowers , it shines like the Sun.                                                                                                                                          40.55
“There  surely  spread over ten Yojanas    and  standing tall  to ten yojanas is a peak  called
Soumanasa .”                                                                                                                                       40.56
“When Vishnu , the greatest being ,  took the incarnation of Trivikrama, he kept his first foot there and  kept his second foot on mount Meru.”                                                                                           40.57
“The Sun goes round on the northern direction of that mount  as well as Jambu  Dweepa(island)  and then he would be visible to all the world.”                                                                                    40.58
“There the  great sages of the colour of  the sun god  called Vaikanasas   and Valakilyas  are shining.”
“In front of it an island called Sudarsana  would be shining  and luster  of  the eyes of all beings  rests there.”                                                                                                                                                  40.60
“You may search for Ravana and Vaidehi on the top of the peak, its caves    as well as its forests .”
“Due to the golden mountain and   the great sun god , the early morning  there shines with red
colour.”                                                                                                                                                40.62
“Earlier this was the entry point of the earth and the world  and the sun always rises from this mountain.”                                                                                                                                           40.63
“You may search for Vaidehi  and Ravana on the  plateaus  of the mountain,  in the mountain streams
And in its caves,”                                                                                                                                40.64
“If you  cannot  go  beyond that  as it is guarded   by the Gods  and with moon and sun being absent only darkness prevails there.”                                                                                                                 40.65
“You please search  for Janaki in all those mountains, caves  and also forests  and not only in places indicated by me but also in other places.”                                                                                   40.66
“Oh Lord of monkeys, monkeys go only up to that place as for the places beyond   darkness prevails without Sun and the moon.”                                                                                                            40.67
“After reaching the udaya  mountain and searching for the homes  of Vaidehi and Ravana , you should return within a month.”                                                                                                                       40.68
“If you stay beyond one month, you would be killed by me .You may reach that place ,  see Sita and return after  accomplishing the task.”                                                                                                40.69
“Go to the east , covered with forest and which is liked by Indra  and travelling carefully with other monkeys , find out Sita, the dear one of Raghu clan  and after returning you would be happy.” 40.70

This is the end of the  fortieth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

41. Sugreeva sends army to the south

(Sugreeva   sends to the south great monkeys like Hanuman, Jambhavan etc under  the command of  Angadha. He gives detail description   of the route as well as the places that they are likely to see.)

After the great Vanara army started towards the east as per orders of Sugreeva , he wanted to send a desirable     army group towards the south.                                                                                                     41.1
Sugreeva who had special sense commanded, Nila , the son of fire God, Hanuman  tha monkey, the very strong Jambhavan who was son of Lord Brahma , Suhothra, Sareeri , Saragulma, Gaja, Gavaksha , Gavya, Sushenamrushabha, Maindha, Dwividha, Vijaya  , Gandhamadhana ,  the sons of fire God Ulkhamukha, and Asaga  and the prominent Angadha , who were all valorous and leaders of groups of monkeys  and who were endowed with speed and valour  and told them.                                                                41.2-41.5
He made the very strong Angadha to lead them  and sent those monkey warriors to the southern direction.                                                                                                                                                                41.6
Then the monkey king gave them all an account of the inaccessible places   to those monkey chiefs.
“Search for her  in the thousand peaked Vindhya  full of trees  and climbers, the pretty Narmadha river  with many great serpents , the pretty  river Godavari,  the great river Krishnaveni , the Varada river, the Mahabhaga river  which is full of great serpents  the rivers  Mekhala, Uthkhala, the towns of Dasranas Aswavanthi and Avanthi . “                                                                                                                    41.8-41.10
“You may  thoroughly search for her  in Vidharbha country , even Rishika, the pretty Mahishaka  and  all over Vanga, Kalinga  and Kaushika. Search for her in all rivers, mountains  and caves in Dandakaranya , river Godavari , Andhra , Pundra , Chola country, Pandya country as well as in Kerala.”        41.11-41.12
“Go to the Ayomukha mountain rich in its ores and having wonderful peaks  and a rich forest full of  colourful forests in bloom  and that great mountain has a good sandalwood track , Search for her there.”
“Then you will come across the divine river Cauvery  with its pure and scared waters  and in it you would see Apsara maidens playing.”                                                                                                                        41.15
“Then you would see the great  and noble sage Agasthya who shines like Sun God  sitting on the top of   the Malaya mountain.”                                                                                                                                  41.16  
“Then with the permission of that great sage who would be pleased with you, you have to cross the great river Tambraparni full of crocodiles.”                                                                                              41.17
 “With divine sandalwood forests and several covered  and wonderful islands , it goes towards the ocean like a wife happily goes to her husband.”                                                                                                 41.18
“Oh monkeys , you would find a permanent divine  golden gate of the Pandyas decorated   by pearls there .”                                                                                                                                                            41.19
“Then you would reach the sea and have to take a decision on your future  course  there. Please know that sage Agasthya has placed  a prosperous  Mahendra mountain  in side the sea .That great Mahendra mountain is great to look at , filled with colourful trees  and Gold and is immersed in the sea.” 
“That mountain with different kinds of colourful trees and vines is frequented by devathas, sages and prominent Yakshas , Sidhas , Apsaras and Charanas. It is exceedingly delightful and the thousand-eyed Mahendra keeps visiting this place during full and new Moon days.”                                        41.22-41.23
“On the other side  at a distance of hundred yojanas   and inaccessible to human beings  there is a lustrous and great island  and you may explore this also.”                                                                    41.24
“In that place you have to specially search for Sita , for that is the place of the punishable  and bad soul Ravana , who is the chief of all Rakshasas who is in radiance equal to the thousand eyed  Indra.” 41.25
“In the middle of the southern sea  , there is Rakshasi  well known as Angaraka , who attracts the shadows and eats beings.”                                                                                                                            41.26
“By identifying this , you can clear all your doubts  and  you may look for the wife of  the king of matchless luster there.”                                                                                                                                41.27
“After crossing  another one hundred yojanas  in the auspicious sea you would find a mountain  called Puspathaka  inhabited by  Sidhas and Charanas.”                                                                                    41.28
“It is as bright as sun and moon  and surrounded by sea waters  and its peak extend up to the sky and appear like they are scratching the sky.”                                                                                                  41.29
“The sun takes rest on its golden peak and  the moon takes    rest on the silver peak  but mean people and atheists    would not be able  see it.”                                                                                    41.30-41.31
“Oh monkeys  , you bow your  head to this great mountain and cross it   and after crossing it you would see a mountain called  Suryavanam  but is fourteen Yojanas away and it would be very difficult to cover that  distance.”                                                                                                                                             41.32
“When you cross that mountain  you would come across a mountain called Vidhyutha  and it is pretty in all seasons and it has trees yielding fruits  which fulfill all our desires.”                                           41.33
“Oh monkeys after eating those auspicious and divine fruits  and roots  and drinking that best of honey you can go further.”                                                                                                                                    41.34
“There  is a mountain called Kunjara there  which is pleasing to the eyes and mind  and on the top of it Viswakarma has constructed  a home for Agasthya.”                                                                         41.35
“That home of Agasthya is one Yojana broad and ten yojanas  in height  and is made of hold with several types of gems inlaid  on it.”                                                                                                                      41.36
“And there is a town called Bhogawathi where   serpents have their homes , which is broad and very difficult to reach  and is always protected by the sharp  and greatly poisoned  teeth of serpents and the great king of serpents  Vasuki  lives there.”                                                                                41.37-41.38
“Come out of that abode and search allover the city of Bhogavati and also search all the possible secret places attached to that city.They are all well guarded.”                                                                     41.39
“Once you cross that place   you would come across Rishabha mountain which looks like a standing bull  and it is rich and studded with different type of gems.”                                                                    41.40
“There grows sandal trees of amazing colours  grow by themselves  in  colours  such as Gorochana, Padmaka, greenish black and red as fire.”                                                                                             41.41
“Do not  at any time touch those sandalwood trees  because that forest  is  guarded by   horrifying Gandharwas  called Rohithas.”                                                                                                                41.42
There reside five Gandharwa kings named Sailusha, Graamani, Sigru, Subhra and Babhru who have the radiance like the Sun. It is a residence of meritorious people who glow like Sun, Moon and Fire.
“In that place  people  after death who have  earned a place in heaven stay there   and beyond that  is the dreadful place of deceased  ancestors. It is not possible to enter there.”                                  41.45
“ Beyond that place exists the capital of God of death  which is filled with darkness and suffering , and you people , oh Lord of monkeys cannot go beyond that .There is no way for anyone to go beyond
that.”                                                                                                                                                               41.46
“Search   in all these places   and also in other places and after   finding the path of Vaidehi , you may return.”                                                                                                                                                           41.47
“He who returns within a month and tells me,” I have seen Sita”,  will get as much riches and pleasures like  myself .”                                                                                                                                                  41.48
“No one would be dearer  than him to me  and I would deem him more than life  and  even if he does any mistakes  , he would be dear and close to me .”                                                                              41.49
“You are all extremely strong  and all of you are thoroughbreds  and  so put in great efforts   to  find the king of man’s daughter  and  let your pursuit be meritorious.”                                                            41.50

This is the end of the  forty first    chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

42.Sugreeva sends monkey chiefs to the West

(Sugreeva sends monkey chief under the command of Sushena   , the father of Tara  to search  in the Western  direction.)

Regarding the decision to send a monkey chief    to the western side , Sugreeva spoke to Sushena  who was resembling a huge cloud.                                                                                                                           42.1
Sugreeva went to Sushena who was the father of Tara   and his father   in law   with folded hands in salutation and told.                                                                                                                                            42.2 
He sent  to the western direction  the great monkey called  Archishmantha , the son of a  great sage called Mareecha  who is surrounded by  blessed  and brave monkeys , who had a luster  like Indra , who is wise and valorous , who has speed  like Garuda   and also Two monkeys called Archamalya , who were sons of sage Mareechi , who were very strong .                                                                                 42.3-42.4
“Oh great monkeys along with  two hundred thousand  other monkeys  and led by Sushena  , please search for Vaidehi.”                                                                                                                                           42.5
“Oh monkeys search for her in Saurashtra, Vahnika and  Chandrachithra countries , which are extensive , populated by people  , pretty and spacious  and the interior of forests    are filled with Punnaga , Vakula, Udhalaka trees  and thickets of Ketaka  .”                                                                                              42.6-42.7
Oh, monkeys  search for her in   the best rivers in the west whose cool water flows westward, as well as in the forests of sages and on the mountains of those forests, and even in lands that are virtually waterless and on the highly towering mountains that are chilly. After  searching such an difficult to enter western side  encircled with enmeshed mountains,  it would be proper for  you to come and see Western Ocean. Having come to Western Ocean, you will see seawater disturbed  by sharks and crocodiles”                                                                                                                                                 42.8-42.10
“The monkeys should wander among bushes of Ketaka  plants , thick  Thamala forests  and  the forests  of coconut trees.”                                                                                                                                             42.11
“Sita should be searched in houses  of Ravana situated there . mountains  and forests that are near the sea , Murachi city, the pretty  Jata pura city , Avanthi  and Angalepa , the forests of Alakshitha , in broad countries  and in all other cities.                                                                                                          42.12-42.14
“Where the  river Sindhu joins the sea   there is big mountain  called Hemagiri  which has hundred peaks as well as gigantic trees. “                                                                                                                                 42.15
“On the ridges  of these mountains , the flying lions exist which carry   the  fishes , sharks, elephant seals  to their nests.”                                                                                                                                                    42.16
“On the top of the mountain abutted by water  , near the area occupied by the flying lions, the proud elephants  move about greatly  satisfied  in a vast area  trumpeting like thunderous clouds .”       42.17
“The monkeys who can change their form,  at will  should quickly search  , that entire  golden mountain whose peaks touch the sky.,”                                                                                                                        42.18
“Oh monkeys when you go in to the sea ,  you will see the  golden mountain in the  sea  called Paariyathra which is one hundred yojanas tall  and which is difficult to see  due to its glitter.”      42.19
“Twenty four  crores of  mighty Gandharwas  , who shine like fire , who  are fierce   and who can change their looks as  per their wish live there.”                                                                                                    42.20
“Even by greatly valorous monkeys  they should not be approached closely  because,  they who resemble fire when they are angry  throng together from everywhere.”                                           42.21
“In that country no monkey should pluck   any fruit  because those unassailable , greatly valorous Gandharwas  who are assiduous  would be guarding  the fruits and roots which are grown there.”
“There you have to dutifully    search for Janaki , for if you show your monkey antics , the Gandharwas would not be afraid of you .”                                                                                                                  42.24
“Oh, monkeys , there is a great mountain named   Vajra in that sea beyond   Paariyaatra. It will  have  a shine similar to the hue of the gemstone lapis, and it will be standing like a diamond in its shape, hence it has lot of diamonds . There that glorious mountain will be soaring high, squarely for a hundred yojanas , and diverse trees and climbers will be spreading over it. There, on that mountain you have to search thoroughly  including its caves”                                                                                                   42.25-42.26
“In the quarter of the ocean there , there is a mountain called Chakravan  , Where Viswakarma has installed a wheel with one thousand spokes.”                                                                                    42.27  
“There the supreme person Vishnu killed a Rakshasa called Hayagreeva  as well as one Panchajana  and snatched away from them the conch and the wheel.”                                                                      42.28
“On that pretty mountain there is a very   large cave  and in those places please search for Ravana as well as Sita.”                                                                                                                                              42.29  
“ After another sixty four yojanas , there is another  very great mountain called Varaha  with golden peaks and in a  deep cavity there is the  home of Varuna.”                                                            42.30
“ Near there is the golden city of Prakjyothisha   and in that city lives  an evil minded asura called Naraka.”                                                                                                                                                    42.31
“On that delightful and pretty mountain Varaha  there  is a  very broad cave  and you please search for Ravana and Janaki there .”                                                                                                                     42.32
“Once you cross that , you would come across a mountain with gold deposits  and the entire mountain is of gold and there are waterfalls there.”                                                                                              42.33
“There , lions, elephants  and  boars   always roar facing the mountain    and  that mountain is full of this sound.”                                                                                                                                                     42.34
“There on this mountain the great Indra who killed demon Paka    rides on green horses  was anointed as king by devas  and this mountain is called Meghavan .”                                                                  42.35
“After crossing that great mountain ruled by Indra  you would reach sixty thousand golden mountains  which shines and dazzles with the colour of the infant sun  , having a fully flowered    golden tree .”
“The king of the mountains Meru the northern mountain  is situated in between them , which mountain has been given a  boon by the well pleased Sun god .”                                                                      42.38
“ it has been said that Sun God blessed it saying, “ Due to my grace all those who reside here  would be golden in colour all through day and night  and all those devas, Gandharwas and Dhanavas     who reside here  would have golden tinged red colour.”                                                                               42.39-42.40
“The Viswe devas , Maruths, Vasus  and other gods come  to this holy Meru mountain  in the evening   sun set time to serve the Sun God. After they worship the Sun God , he goes to the Sun set mountain and is not visible     to all beings.”                                                                                                   42.41-42.42
“ That sun God travels quickly ten thousand Yojanas  within half  of  a minute  and quickly reaches the  sun set mountain.”                                                                                                                                        42.43
“On that top of that mountain  there are cluster of mansions shining like Sun  and these mansions were built by Viswakarma.”                                                                                                                                  42.44
“The house of the great God Varuna who holds a noose  shines with many trees, and very many types of animals and birds .”                                                                                                                                       42.45
“In between Meru mountain and Astha  mountain  , there is a  great golden palm tree with ten peaks
and it shines    with  wonderful altars.”                                                                                                    42.46
“In all those inaccessible mountains , lakes and rivers , you please search for Vaidehi and   Ravana.”
“And there lives the great Meru savarni , who is  identifies   as a sage and votary of Dharma  and he is considered equal   to Lord Brahma.”                                                                                                       42.48
“You may ask that sage Meru savarni  after bowing to him  with head touching the ground about  the whereabouts of Maithili.”                                                                                                                        42.49
“This is the extent of the world where beings live  and at night the Sun God will retire   behind Astha mountains and then there would only be darkness . “                                                                        42.50
“Oh Lord of monkeys, our monkeys can only go up to that place  and as Sun’s rays do not extend  beyond this place  we do not know anything about  places beyond that.”                                      42.51
“You please search for the places of stay of Vaidehi and Ravana  up to the Astha mountain and return within a month.”                                                                                                                                         42.52
“If you delay  it  more than a month   you would be killed by me  and along with you my  valorous father in law also would go.”                                                                                                                                42.53
“You should obey him since  I want you to carry out  his orders , because he is not only a valorous  and powerful monkey  but also my father in law and teacher.”                                                               42.54
“Though all of you are greatly heroic  and  experts in doing all tasks , please accept his authority   and face the western direction.”                                                                                                                    42.55
“We would become proud of our achievements when we find out the wife  of that greatly lustrous one  and help him in return for his help.”                                                                                                     42.56
“You may carry out any other work also if it is meant for the well -being ,after carefully reflecting and if the task is in accordance with time and place.”                                                                                42.57
Then Sushena and other monkey lords after hearing the  expert words of Sugreeva , they took leave from him and started   travelling to the west ruled by Varuna.”                                                 42.58

This is the end of the  forty second   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

43.Sugreeva sends  monkey chiefs to the North
(Under the command of Sathavali , Sugreeva sends hundred thousand  monkeys    to search for Sita on the Northern side. He gagain tells them about the path they have to take and the places    they are likely to see.)

After Sugreeva , the bull among the monkeys entrusted the western side to his father in law , he said to a monkey called Sathavali .                                                                                                                                43.1
Then the king who was the follower of Dharma and   also    the best among the monkeys  spoke these words which were intended to his own welfare   and that  of Rama’s welfare.                                     43.2
“You have been  selected from amongst  one hundred thousand monkeys of equal capacity  and please get going with the two sons of Sun God.”                                                                                                     43.3   
“You may search for the blameless   wife of Rama all over the northern side with Himalayas as its ear ring.”                                                                                                                                                                    43.4
“When we complete this task which is dear to Rama  , we would get rid of  our debt  and would become proud of achieving our task.”                                                                                                                           43.5
“The great soul Rama did  an act which we liked  and our life would be meaningful only when we help in return.”                                                                                                                                                                  43.6
“A man's life becomes fruitful if he renders help to a needy person even though such a man was not helpful earlier. The result is all the more sublime if one can help a man who  has helped  him earlier.”
“You  who are interested   in my welfare should  search and find out   Janaki , keeping the words told by me in your mind.”                                                                                                                                               43.8
“This greatest among men showers respect on all beings  and this Rama who can himself conquer cities has taken  a liking to us.”                                                                                                                                   43.9
“You are blessed with  the wisdom and valour  and so please search  for her in rivers, mountain ranges  and in  forest forts .”                                                                                                                                      43.10
“You may search for her  in the countries of Mlechas, Pulindas, Soorasenas, Prasthalas, Bharatas, Madras, Kurus, Kambojas and even Yavanas, Sakas, Rattakas, Bahlikas, Rishikas, Pauravas,Tankanas, Cheenas, Paramacheenas, Niharas, Daradas and in the Himalaya mountains searching again and again to find her.”                                                                                                                                                    43.11-43.13
“Search for the place where Ravana and Sita are there in the bushes  of Lodhra and that of  lotus plants  and in the forests of Devadaru.”                                                                                                                      43.14
“Then go to the hermitage of Soma served by Devas and Gandharwas  and  then go to the great  slopes  of  mountain called Kaala .”                                                                                                                              43.15
“IN the caverns and caves of that  great mountain , you may search for the great woman who is the wife  of Raghava.”                                                                                                                                              43.16
“Cross that mountain king which is filled with gold and  then it is proper for you to reach   the great mountain Sudarasana .”                                                                                                                                    43.17
“Then go to the mountain Devasakha  which is a dwelling of birds  which is decorated by various   type of trees as well   as various type of birds.”                                                                                                         43.18
“In the bushes of the forest ,  in the mountain streams  and caves  of that mountain search for Ravana as well as Vaidehi .”                                                                                                                                               43.19
“When you cross that , there is a vacant place of one hundred yojanas width , where there are no mountains trees , rivers or any beings.”                                                                                                      43.20
“Cross quickly that fearsome and horripilating land  reach the white mountain called Kailasa  and attain happiness .”                                                                                                                                                      43.21
“There  you would find the mansion of Khubera   which resembles a big white cloud  which is pretty    and plated  with gold constructed by Viswa Karma .”                                                                             43.22
“There is a very big lotus pond there  with several types of lotus flowers , swans and ducks and frequented by  Apsara maids .”                                                                                                                   43.23
“There lives the king called Vaisravana who is saluted by all beings  and that rich king of Yakshas   plays along with Gruhyakas.”                                                                                                                                 43.24
“In that moon like mountain and in its caves  , search for Ravana as well as Vaidehi , here and there.”
“ After reaching   Krauncha mountain   you would find that its  entrance  difficult to enter  and you may enter it carefully    taking in to account the fact it is difficult to enter.”                                            43.26
“Very great sages who are equal in luster to  the Sun live there  all the devas worship those sages who have form equal to  devas.”                                                                                                                     43.27
“You have to search in the caves of summits, peaks, caverns and ridges of Krauncha mountains. After checking on the peak of Krauncha you may to search everywhere.”                                               43.28
“The Manasa  lake and the Kama  mountain are both without trees and is a place   where birds live  and there no living beings, Devas and Dhanavas  do not have access there.”                                       43.29
“”After crossing the Mainaka  mountain   you would reach the Krouncha mountain   and all of you should search for Sita there  in plateaus   and ridges of the mountain.”                                                    43.30
“On that mountain is the mansion of Maya   which has been built by himself . Please search in plateaus, ridges and caves of Mainaka mountain  where Kinnaris , the ladies with horse face live.”   43.31-43.32
“Once you cross that mountain is the hermitage of  Sidhas where the Sidha ascetics   called Valakilyas and Vaikhasana  ascetics   live.”                                                                                                               43.33
“After saluting those sages who  have become  without sins by  their penance , you  ask them with great  humility  about information about   Sita.”                                                                                            43.34
“The Vaikasana lake at that hermitage is filled    with golden lotus flowers  which are as bright as the rising sun  and also auspicious swans move round the lake.”                                                           43.35
“The steed of Khubera , an elephant called  Sarvabhouma  keeps on moving in that place     along with female   elephants.”                                                                                                                                 43.36 
“Once you cross the lake the Sun ,  moon and stars  are not  found there  and clouds do not move and no sound is heard.”                                                                                                                                          43.37
“ That area shines  like the rays of the Sun , but is is due to self luster of resting ascetics  who have perfected their austerities and are like Gods.”                                                                                    43.38
“After crossing that you would  reach  a mountain stream called Sailodha , on whose  both banks are reeds called Keechaka (Bamboo)  and they help the Sidhas to cross to the other shore.  “       43.39
“Then there is the northern Kuru country , where people   who do meritorious deeds  reach , where the water brims with   beds of golden lotus  and lotus groves and there plants with greenish blue leaves are  in thousands  which are adorned with blood  red coloured lotus flowers .”                           43.40-43.41
“There the water reservoirs  which have large number of blue lotus flowers which shine like the early morning sun,  which have  golden filaments and leaves shining gems  and which covered the entire    area  and these were also filled with gems and pearls  which are incomparable.”              43.42-43.43
“There the mountain streams have banks made of gold  around them, fo they  have originated from great mountains   made of gold and shining like fire and inlaid with great gems.”                        43.44
“There the trees  which  are filled with flowers and fruits in all seasons. Birds rest on them. These fruits and flowers have excellent fragrance, taste and smooth touch. These trees fulfill all  our desires. Other great trees provide barks of various types which are used for cloth.”                                  43.45-43.46 
“Some of these great trees yield ornaments studded with precious pearls and vaidurya gems. The ornaments are suitable both for men and women and can be used during all seasons. Other trees put forth precious and beautiful golden ornaments.”                                                                     43.47-43.48
“Some of these beds  produce  different coloured bed spreads for sleeping   and yet  other yields   garlands  of flowers which please   the heart and mind pleasing drinks     and various types of food.”    
“Virtuous and good featured ladies , Gandharwas, Kinnaras, Sidhas, Nagas , Vidhyadharas , who are  all radiant like Sun ,  always  entertain themselves   in this place.”                                        43.50-43.51
“All those who have done  good karmas  who are all intent on pleasure from love making , live here fulfilling their Kama(Passion) and Artha    with female companions.”                                        43.52 
“The sounds of music and musical instruments  and laughter of heavenly beings  of  high  breed   is always being  always heard there   pleasing the mind of   all beings.”                                     43.53
“There are no unhappy people there nor are there any one  who like doing bad deeds  and mind pleasing  virtues multiply there day by                                                                                          43.54 
“After crossing that   place you would reach the  northern sea  and in the middle of it as  a golden mountain  called  Somagiri.”                                                                                                              43.55
“Only those who have gone to land of Indra or the  land of Brahma  and who attain the position of devas  only can see    the king of mountains clearly .”                                                                             43.56
“That place shines    even though there is no sun there ,  it shines as if  sun is there   because of that mountain.”                                                                                                                                           43.57
“The soul  of the universe the God Shambhu     who has eleven forms resides there and so  also Brahma , the lord of devas lives there along with  Brahmarishis.”                                                            43.58
“Do not   for any reason   go beyond the land of Kurus  because no other being is allowed to go
there.”                                                                                                                                                 43.59
“It is extremely difficult for even devas  to go there  and so after seeing that place , you deserve immediately return.”                                                                                                                         43.60
“Oh monkey chief, monkeys can only go   up to there , as there is no sun beyond that point  and we do not know any being which can go beyond that point.”                                                              43.61  
“Please explore all those places that have been mentioned by me  and may consider exploring other places   which have not been mentioned.”                                                                                 43.62
“ Please do this  search of the fire like  Vaidehi  and find her  and this would  be  greatly liked by son of Dasaratha and this would also be liked by me .”                                                                                        43.63
“Oh monkeys who support all beings and vanquish all your enemies , please accomplish this goal  and you will be honoured by me and later you can roam  around the earth happily  in the company of your loved relatives.”                                                                                                                                               43.64

This is the end of the  forty third   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

44. Rama gives his signet ring to Hanuman

(When Sugreeva feels that   the one who is capable of doing the job is Hauman, the son of wind God, Rama gives his signet ring to Hanuman so that   Sita can identify it.)

Sugreeva specially mentioned about Hanuman who   is fit to do this job  and he felt  that among the best of the monkeys he  is likely to achieve the result.                                                                                         44.1
Sugreeva who was greatly liked by all monkey chiefs  then told  the valorous Hanuman, who  was the son of wind god .                                                                                                                                                44.2
“Oh great monkey, I have not seen any one equal to you  in speed  of movement in  earth or space or sky or  the land of gods .”                                                                                                                                44.3
“You know about all the world   consisting of  oceans and mountains including that of asuras , Gandharwas, Nagas  , men and gods.”                                                                                                        44.4
“Oh great monkey, in speed of movement , luster  and efficiency , you are like your father  the great wind God.”                                                                                                                                                       44.5
“There is no other being in this world which is equal to your luster  and so you alone are   capable of finding Sita and so please go ahead.”                                                                                                         44.6
“Oh Hanuman ,Oh expert in diplomacy  only in you,  strength , wisdom , valour , capability of judging suitable  place and time  and knowledge of diplomacy is   there.”                                                       44.7
“Understanding  that responsibility of finding Sita is placed  on  Hanuman alone , Rama started thinking   about Hanuman.”                                                                                                                                          44.8
“This Lord of monkey would achieve the goal  by employing all  methods   as in accomplishing the task  , he has been  considered as the most worthy individual.”                                                                     44.9
“His lord  knows that if he goes he is capable    of getting results   and that is the reason why    he is favoring him so greatly  in achieving the objective.”                                                                          44.10
The mighty ones heart was filled with joyous  feeling as if  the task has already been accomplished  by Hanuman , who answered   all questions with great determination.                                             44.11
Then he gave him his ring on which his name was engraved and shining  , for  recognition    by the daughter of the king.                                                                                                                               44.12
“Oh great monkey, by seeing this symbol, the daughter of Janaka , who is one who would be perplexed  would  recognize that  you are coming from me .”                                                                           44.13   
“Oh valorous one endowed with strength and prowess , the message of Sugreeva to you , makes me feel that   you would accomplish the task.”                                                                                                44.14
The greatest among monkeys  took it from Rama and kept it on his forehead , saluted  him with folded palms and after   touching feet of Rama  departed.                                                                           44.15
Hanuman being the foremost among the monkeys  being the son of wind God  among   the other monkeys surrounding him appeared like moon amidst other    stars in a cloudless sky .          44.16
Rama said to him, “ Oh very strong one , most  valorous among the best of monkeys , Oh son  of wind God , Oh Hanuman,  I am depending on   your strength and mighty valour  and so exert yourself so that  you can find the daughter of Janaka.”                                                                                                 44.17

This is the end of the  forty fourth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

45.Monkey groups start  with enthusiasm their search

(Each of the group went to directions assigned to them with great enthusiasm. Each of them expected to win over Ravana and bring back Sita.) 

The best of monkeys Sugreeva addressed all those monkeys   and again urged them to go to the places   assigned to them  as per his words so that   the work of Rama could be done.                                       45.1
After recognizing the   firm order of the chief of the monkeys  , started  their journey spreading like butterflies all over the world .                                                                                                                            45.2
Rama along with Lakshmana stayed in Prasravana  awaiting the end of the month  fixed for   tracing the whereabouts of Sita.                                                                                                                                            45.3
The monkey hero Sathavali  at once started his journey to northern side  which was pretty but surrounded by kings of mountains.                                                                                                                  45.4
The monkey chief Vinatha started towards the east and  the monkey Lord Hanuman  who was the son of wind God along with Tara    and Angadha  wanted to go to the south which is inhabited by sage Agasthya. .                                                                                                                                                    45.5-45.6
The monkey chief Sushena    quickly started    to the horrifying western side  which was ruled by God Varuna.                                                                                                                                                                  45.7
Then that king after guiding and  dispatching  properly , the  best of chiefs of army  of monkeys  to all directions  became  even more pleased and happy.                                                                                    45.8
When the  chief of monkeys   were addressed that way by their king  and asked to go in different directions they departed with enthusiasm.                                                                                                   45.9
The very strong monkeys    loudly roaring with  happiness, howling , leaping and screaming , galloped further.                                                                                                                                                                45.10
When the king addressed them that way all the monkeys shouted “We would kill Ravana and we will bring back Sita.”                                                                                                                                                45.11
Each of them shouted, “I alone will kill Ravana  who would face me in war  and by churning that place I would get back   the daughter of Janaka.”                                                                                                  45.12
“I alone will get Sita who must be trembling with exhaustion  even if she is in the underworld   and all of you , please   wait for me here.”                                                                                                                   45.13
“I will kill the trees , uproot the mountains  and break open the earth  and also stir up   the seas.” 45.14
“Without any doubt , I can jump a distance of one hundred Yojanas and similarly  I can cross  a distance of one hundred Yojanas.  “                                                                                                                              45.15
“Without any obstruction , I can move  on the earth, on the ocean, on mountains, in forests  and even in the midst of the underworld.”                                                                                                                        45.16
Like this each of the monkeys  who were proud of their strength  boasted about themselves in front of their king.                                                                                                                                                          45.17

This is the end of the  forty fifth    chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

46. Rama asks  Sugreeva how he knows about all these places.

(The curious Rama asks Sugreeva , how he knew in detail about all   these places   in all directions. Sugreeva tells that   was chased by Vali  all round the world after  he came out of the cave.)

After the monkey chiefs left Rama enquired from Sugreeva “How is it that you know     about  all places in this entire earth?”                                                                                                                                           46.1
When Sugreeva heard that question of Rama , he saluted Rama  and told, “Oh bull among men, I will tell now about it in great detail.”                                                                                                                            46.2
“When Vali chased an Asura called Dundhubhi   who came in the form of a buffalo  , towards    the Malaya   mountain , with a wish to kill him , that tired buffalo   entered a cave in the mountain  and Vali also entered that cave with an intention of killing him.”                                                                    46.3-46.4
“With humility I waited for him on that entrance of the cave for a period of one year   but he did not come back.”                                                                                                                                                         46.5
“Then with  a fast gushing blood that cave was filled up  and seeing that I was surprised and filled with sorrow for the sake of my brother.”                                                                                                                46.6
“To me it was evident that my brother had already been killed  and I closed the entrance of the cave with a mountain like stone  to prevent the buffalo  from getting out of the cave.”                              46.7
“Then I came back to Kishkinda greatly disappointed   and I got the great kingdom, Tara as well as Ruma  and I ruled that kingdom fearlessly along with my friend.”                                                                46.8-46.9
“After killing that Buffalo Rakshasa Vali came  back , then I became greatly sacred and returned the kingdom with respect to him.”                                                                                                                      46.10
“ That bad soul Vali who has lost  control over his senses  in great anger  with an intention of killing me started chasing me and my ministers.”                                                                                                       46.11 
“Being chased by Vali  I ran  crossing forests, mountains and rivers and seeing many cities for saving my life.”                                                                                                                                                                  46.12
“The earth which was like a   speedily rotating peace of firewood burning at both ends  became familiar to me as though it was reflected   on a mirror  and I came to  know it like a cow’s feet.”             46.13
“ I went to the eastern side and saw  many  different type of plants , mountains and rivers  and very many  pretty lakes.”                                                                                                                                     46.14
“There I saw the Udaya mountain filled    with  mineral ores    as well as the ocean of milk daily frequented by Apsara  maids.”                                                                                                                  46.15
“ Oh lord , There also I was chased by Vali and at once  I turned back and ran  with great speed.” 46.16
“Being further chased by Vali who was running with great speed , I turned there and started running to the south  which was  filled with the Vindhya mountains and other trees such as the pretty sandalwood trees . “                                                                                                                                                                46.17
“While I was running seeing the  trees and mountains , on being further chased  I turned  and reached  the western side  .”                                                                                                                                          46.18     
“There I saw various countries and reached   the great Astha  mountain where the sun sets and from there I started running  to  the great mountains of the north.”                                                              46.19
“Then I saw in the north the Himalaya and Meru mountains as well as the northern sea  and there also I did not get relief from Vali ’s chasing  and at that time Hanuman who was blessed with great wisdom spoke to me.”                                                                                                                                                  46.20
“Oh king , he reminded me the fact that Vali  was cursed by  sage Mathanga  that if he enters his hermitage site  then his head will break in to hundred pieces  and my living there   can be done   without any problems.  “                                                                                                                                     46.21-46.22
“Oh son of a king Rama , then I reached the Rishyamooka mountains  and due to fear of the curse of Matanga Vali did not enter  here.”                                                                                                              46.23
“Oh king this is how I personally  surveyed  the entire world  and came back to this cave and resided here.”                                                                                                                                                                 46.24 

This is the end of the  forty sixth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

47. The monkey leaders sent to east, west and North return

(The monkey leaders who were sent to  east, west and North returned without finding Sita. They all expected that   Angadha who has   gone to the south but has not returned will find her.)

The leaders of the monkey army as commanded  by the king of monkeys , went swiftly  in all directions to search for Sita.                                                                                                                                                   47.1
They looked for her in lakes , bottom of rivers,  sky , towns, forts surrounded by rivers  and in mountains .                                                                                                                                                                                 47.2
As instructed by Sugreeva , all  those monkey troop leaders , searched in all places including all mountains and forests.                                                                                                                                         47.3  
During  the day time  they searched for Sita  and  after  that they assembled    at night in one place  to meet each other.                                                                                                                                                  47.4
Those monkeys searched for   her during day time and reached  at night to trees which bear  fruits during all seasons   and  took rest.                                                                                                                    47.5
After spending one month like this those monkeys returned to Prasravana mountains  and the leaders of company of monkeys met   with disappointment    the king of monkeys.                                                   47.6
The powerful Vinatha along with his ministers , having searched the eastern direction  as per instruction of Sugreeva  returned without finding Sita.                                                                                                      47.7
Then the hero and great monkey  Sathabala  with his army searched all the northern side  and came back without  finding Sita.                                                                                                                                   47.8
Sushena after searching the western side   along with other monkeys  for one month  came back   to Sugreeva after one month.                                                                                                                                 47.9
He came back met Sugreeva who was seated along with  Rama  in Prasravana mountain , saluted him
And then told.                                                                                                                                                     47.10
“We searched everywhere  for her in all mountains, , all  inaccessible forests , rivers , oceans and also on country side .”                                                                                                                                                     47.11
“We searched for in caves and in all places that were told by you  and we also searched for her in  huge bushes and places filled with vines.”                                                                                                             47.12
“We searched again and again in the interior inaccessible places and in the uneven locations; killed the very strong beings in those places and searched in those impassable places.”                                   47.13
“Oh  great king of monkeys , exalted by strength and birth , the son of wind god Hanuman will alone se her  because he has gone in the direction in which Maithili was  taken.”                                            47.14

This is the end of the  forty seventh   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

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