Thursday, October 24, 2013

Kishkinda Kandam 1-14

Kishkinda Kandam

Book on Kishkinda

Translated by
P.R.Ramachander

(This book starts   from the Time Rama steps  on the Rishyamooka mountain ,, where Sugreeva lives and ends with the scene   of Hanuman getting ready    to jump to Lanka. The most important event reported in this book    is  the killing of Vali.)

1.The Sorrowing Rama sees    the Pampa lake

    ( Rama reaches    the Pampa lake when spring is about to set in. He describes the charming scene that he sees   , always correlating it with his sorrow.  Lakshmana consoles him. Sugreeva ses Rama coming to his place  and he is scared)


Rama  reached the lake which   was filled with fishes day and night lotuses  along with Lakshmana and having gone there  lamented like    a distressed man.                                                                                 1.1
On first seeing the lake , he was first shaken by joy  and because he was  being troubled by  the feelings   of love  , he spoke    to the son of Sumithra.                                                                                                  1.2
“Oh son of Sumithra , the Pampa is shining with water as clear as Vaidoorya gem and also  day and night lotuses. And the trees on its bank are shining.”                                                                                            1.3
“Of son of Sumithra,  see Pampa and the forest which looks auspicious. There the splendid trees look like peaks of  the mountain.”                                                                                                                          1.4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
“I am full of sorrow and grief   as if the spring  is tormenting  apart from the sorrows caused by Bharatha ‘s sorrow   and Sita ‘s abduction.”                                                                                                                   1.5                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
“Though I am sad and grieving  this  forest of wonders  Pampa  shines  , with the scattered   flowers and very good quality cold drinking water.”                                                                                                         1.6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
“The lake covered with lotus  creepers  has a greatly auspicious look  and it has also vicious serpents moving on it  and is blessed with various animals and birds.”                                                                   1.7                                                                                                                                                                                    
“The different type of trees are shedding flowers   and  there are shining  like carpets having fallen on the glistening blue grass lands.”                                                                                                                       1.8
 “The tree tops  are loaded with   heavy load of flowers , spread all over  and are covered with flowering   climbers   all over the  tree.”                                                                                                                             1.9
 “Oh Son of Sumithra, the wind is pleasant  and the time is passionate  and the trees  are  filled with flowers indicating that the time is scented spring.”                                                                                    1.10                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
“Oh son of Sumithra  see the form of the forest  filled with purest of flowers  and  they shower flowers reminding one of the rain from the clouds.”                                                                                               1.11                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
“So many forest trees are found among  the pretty rocks  and the quick blowing wind scatters the flowers   all over the earth.”                                                                                                                           1.12
“Oh son of Sumithra see all over  the flowers  of trees , which have fallen and those about to fall. It appears to me that  the wind is playing  with them.”                                                                               1.13                                                                                                                                                                                                            
“The trees are filled with flowers  on their various branches  and when the wind shakes the tree  and  spread the flowers , the bees accompany  those flowers with their song”                                          1.14
 “The wind that blows out of the  caves of the mountain  is merged with the sweet sounds  produced by the intoxicated Koels  and it looks like that  the wind is singing and the trees are dancing.”          1.15
“The strong wind that blows over  throws   away the tops of trees  and make them  intertwine  and it appears as if the trees are all knit together .  “                                                                                         1.16
“This wind  with its cool sandal fragrance touches us  gently   and pure scent it carries takes away our tiresomeness.”                                                                                                                                               1.17
“The trees shaken by the wind appears to produce a big noise  as these trees shaken by wind drops honey   which is accompanied by the   singing bees.”                                                                           1.18
“The blossoming trees full of mind bewitching   flowers  , on the top of the  pretty  peaks of  the mountain ranges  are   touching   each other  and look splendid.”                                                        1.19
 “Shaken by the blowing wind the trees with their top filled with flowers  are being  followed   by bees appearing like ear rings  and appear to be singing sweetly .”                                                                  1.20
“ Please look at these Karnikara trees which have flowered everywhere  and they appear to be dressed in yellow silk and wearing  many  ornaments.”                                                                                          1.21
 “Oh son of Sumithra , the songs of various types of birds in the spring season , reminds me  of the separation with Sita   and increasing my sorrow.”                                                                                    1.22
“  The God of love further   increases  my sorrow   as I am already sorrowful  and the koel with its  happy  sweet notes is  making    fun of me .”                                                                                                          1.23
“ Oh Lakshmana, These aquatic birds  when they are merrily singing in the water falls  of the forest  are tormenting me with love and increasing my sorrow.”                                                                            1.24
“My darling when she used to hear these type of sounds  , used to call me , becoming  overjoyed  and  divinely happy.”                                                                                                                                              1.25
“You may see very peculiar birds    producing varied type of sounds  , flying towards  the trees, vines and Shrubs      from places which are  here and there.”                                                                                 1.26
“Birds united with their male counterparts  are being praised by the flock to which they belong on their choice  and birds with sweet voice are enjoying the  juice of Brungaraja trees,.”                              1.27
“The trees are resounding  by  the noise of  loud voice of water cranes   and also by the musical voice of the male cuckoo sitting on them  and this kindles emotion of love in me.”                                          1.28
“The fire particles from the logs   of Asoka tree , the sounds of humming bees,  and the copper coloured rays of tender leaves  and the   fire of the spring season are  burning me.”                                          1.29
“Oh son of Sumithra , what is purpose of this life of mine without  seeing my beloved  with delicate eyelids ,  pretty hair   and soft and sweet talk.”                                                                                          1.30
“Oh stainless Lakshmana, to me and my beloved wife , this pretty forest , sweet voices  of Cuckoos   which are heard up to the boundary  in this season are very dear.”                                                      1.31
“The fire of sorrow  raising from  torment of god of love , which  is  further raised by this spring season  would soon burn me .”                                                                                                                                   1.32
“Not being able see my dear wife but  seeing these pretty trees  would make the love   that  is within me grow further .”                                                                                                                                                 1.33
“My sorrow keeps on increasing as I am not able to see Sita  and seeing the spring and being affected by sweat  increases  it   further.”                                                                                                                       1.34
“Oh son of Sumithra , the deer eyed lady filled with worry and sorrow due to abduction  is making me full of sorrow  and the winds of Chitra month are indeed cruel.”                                                          1.35
“Here and there  I am able to see  the shining  peacocks dancing  and shaken by the  wind , their wings which are like the eyes  of the cow  are shining  like crystal.”                                                                 1.36
“Those peacocks are surrounded by several peahens  benumbed by great  love  and having fallen in love , the intensity of love in my mind increases.”                                                                                             1.37
“Oh Lakshmana  see that peacock   that is dancing with other peahens  on the hill slopes making their minds  more lovelorn.”                                                                                                                                  1.38
“The peacock overwhelmed by passion  is spreading its two wings  and making sound “Kee kaa”  as though cutting jokes  is running after the peahens.”                                                                           1.39
“The Rakshasa  who likes abduction has not taken away the darling of the peacock  and so he is happily dancing in the forest  with his darling.”                                                                                                  1.40
“In this month of flowers  , it is unbearable for me to stay in this forest, Oh Lakshmana  seeing the peahen wooing the peacock with love.”                                                                                                1.41
“Had not the broad eyed  Janaki been abducted  similar to this  ,  that excited lady , with great love would have come closer to me .”                                                                                                            1.4
“Oh Lakshmana , please observe that the trees are full with  luxurious blossoms, in this end of winter   and those flowers    are of no use to me now.”                                                                                         1.43
“Even though those great blossoms are  looking endearing on those   trees , they would not bear fruit without bees   and get dropped  down without any use.”                                                                      1.44
“The birds in love are calling out in groups  as if they are inviting each other mating and this  maddens me with passion.”                                                                                                                                           1.45
“Wherever my darling lives, if spring season is also there , Sita would be overwhelmed and possibly thinking   in the same way.”                                                                                                                        1.46
“I am wishing that spring does not occur in that place   where    she is , for how can that lotus eyed one  spend the time without me .”                                                                                                                      1.47
“Or suppose Spring season occurs in the place where my darling is , what will she with pretty hips  do   being threatened   by enemies?”                                                                                                                 1.48
“She is in her youth  she has lotus like eyes and talks in a soft manner and so I am certain that if spring season comes there  she will give up her life.”                                                                                          1.49
“There is a firm notion that acts in my mind that  the good woman Sita cannot tolerate    the  pangs of separation from me.”                                                                                                                                     1.50
“The thought about Vaidehi always    ties me up and similarly  Vaidehi would  always be tied   with thought about me.”                                                                                                                                        1.51
“The   wind which is blowing  through the flowers  is normally pleasant as well as cool , but to me who is thinking about my wife  it is similar to fire.”                                                                                             1.52
“Along with Sita    I used to feel pleasant when the breeze is wafting  but without her    it only   increases  my sorrow.”                                                                                                                                                   1.53
“The crow that used to sit happily  and caw indicating Sita ’s departure when she    was with me   is  now sitting happily    on the branch of the tree   indicating her arrival.                                                    1.54
“This is the same  crow which indicated  her abduction by flying in the sky  and that same crow will lead me now near to my beloved.”                                                                                                                    1.55
“Oh Lakshmana hear  that  song  of the birds  which are sitting   on the top of the flowering  tree in the forest that increases my passion .”                                                                                                           1.56
“The honey bee is approaching the flower bunches of the Tilaka tree that were shaken by wind  , like   a lover approaching   his intoxicated  beloved.”                                                                                        1.57
“The Asoka trees  increases  the sorrow of the lovers  and with their flower bunches being shaken by the wind , it appears as if it is goading me.”                                                                                                  1.58
“Oh Lakshmana , these   chutha trees with its flowers  looks like men with exited mind who have  applied  scented unguents  on their body.”                                                                                            1.59
“oh son of Sumithra,  oh tiger among men, see the forest land surrounding    this Pampa  where the Kinnaras   keep roaming.”                                                                                                                         1.60
“Oh Lakshmana   , see the  sweet scented lotus flowers  all over the water  and they shine like  the  infant Sun.”                                                                                                                                                  1.61
“Here you see  in this scented Pampa , the pure water   which  is  full of lotus flowers and blue lilies  and swans and geese.”                                                                                                                                      1.62
“Pampa is shining  with lotuses   spread all over , which glow like a rising sun with bees   stamping their filaments.”                                                                                                                                                   1.63
“The Pampa  is  always  crowded by  Chakravaka  birds  with  colorful forests  and tracks surrounding it  and elephants and deer  who come here in search of water adds  to its luster.”                         1.64
“Speedy winds generate   waves in this water  and the lotus flowers that shine  knock at each other because of that.”                                                                                                                                       1.65
“Without seeing Vaidehi who has broad eyes like lotus petals  and who loves lotus flowers  , this life is not interesting to me.”                                                                                                                            1.66
“This god of  love seems to be partial  for he is making me remember that  auspicious   lady  who speaks in greatly auspicious way , who is not with me and who is difficult to trace .”                                 1.67
“If this spring which has once  again  with its flowering   trees   has come to strike me, it would be possible for me to bear  the agony  given by love.”                                                                                1.68
“Those things that I used to like when she was with me are  not liked by me when I  am without   her presence.”                                                                                                                                                      1.69
“When I see the delicate buds   of the lotus flower , it appears to me That I am seeing the bud like   eyes of Sita, Oh Lakshmana.”                                                                                                                               1.70
“The pleasant breeze that is blowing from the trees and reaches me after touching the filaments of lotus  make me remember the breath of Sita  and makes me suffer.”                                                           1.71
“Oh son of Sumithra , see  on the mountain slope south of Pampa ,very auspicious  column of flowering Karnikara    trees.”                                                                                                                                          1.72 
“The king of the mountains ornamented  by  rich ores , generates plenty of colorful particles  which  are being splashed by the speedy wind.”                                                                                                         1.73
“Oh son of Sumithra,  the tracks  in the mountain are filled with fully flowered   pretty Kimsuka trees , with  no leaves , appear as if   they are illuminated.”                                                                            1.74
“At the same place in Pampa  are the sweet smelling  Malathi trees, clusters of Mallika and Kavaravira   trees , which were in  flowering.”                                                                                                              1.75
“The Kethaka, Sinduvara, the fragrant Vasanti, Ghandapoorna, Madhavi and Kunda bushes are in full bloom everywhere”                                                                                                                                    1.76
“Chiribilva, Madhuka, Vanjula, so also Vakula, Champaka, Tilaka and Naga trees are in full bloom. Even Varuna and karjuras are also in full bloom. “                                                                                         1.77
“Even lotus  flower  is shining  and the blue Asoka is in flowering .The Lodhra trees growing  on  mountain slopes  are like the golden colour of the mane of lions.”                                                    1.78
“You may see the Ankolas, Kurantas, Churnakas, Paribhadrakas, Mangoes, Patali, the flowering  Kovidaras, Muchulindas, Arjunas, Kethakas, Uddalakas, Sireeshas, Simsupas , and Dhava trees in bloom And Samalis, Kimsuka, similarly red Kurvakas, Tinisa, Naktamalas, Chandanas and Syandana treeson the mountain peaks. “                                                                                                                              1.79-1.81
“Oh son of Sumithra , On the banks of Pampa , there are  many tree   pretty trees , flowering at the  blooming  tops  and with pretty creepers climbing on them.”                                                          1.82
“The branches of those trees blown by wind have  become very close  and the swinging creepers follow those trees like intoxicated  flowers.”                                                                                                   1.83
“The wind   is blowing from tree to tree , mountain to mountain and   from forest  and forest  appearing that he will be happy to smell several scents.  “                                                                                   1.84
“Some trees have put forth  flowers with a sweet scent of honey  and some trees have put forth  shining buds   which are blue in colour.”                                                                                                              1.85
“The passionate bee  is  plunging   in to each  flower saying  that “This is enjoyable, this is tasty  this is fully open.”                                                                                                                                                  1.86
  “The honey bee  avaricious for honey , after drinking honey , rests  and again goes in search of honey  at once in Pampa.”                                                                                                                                     1.87
“Here the flowers which fall down on their own is scattered  and makes the ground comfortable and looks  like a stone bed meant for relaxing.”                                                                                          1.88
“Oh son of Sumithra, the various type of flowers that are spread on the mountain slopes  look like red and yellow beds  on the stone slabs.”                                                                                                   1.89
“Oh Son of Sumithra , see the ending of winter  and in this month of flowers the trees have put forth flowers and are   trying to compete   with each other.”                                                                    1.90
“Oh Lakshmana, the flowers of the top of the trees shine  and is full of the humming sound of bees , which seem to invite each other for a feast.”                                                                                    1.91
“This Karandava  bird after entering the pure water bathes  and engages in love play with his wife  and this creates a sense of passion in me.”                                                                                                         1.92
“Only river Mandakini has a similar form and beauty  and so this  Pampa is famous throughout the world  for its virtues and is captivating.”                                                                                                                1.93
“ Oh Lakshmana, the best among the clan of Raghu, If I find the good lady Sita and if we are able to live here , I would not need the position of Indra or  even Ayodhya.”                                                       1.94
“IF I am able   to be happy  along with her  in this pretty grasslands , I will not have worries and will not seek any other pleasures.”                                                                                                                            1.95
“This forest is endowed with  trees having several type of flowers and pretty leaves  and this brings before my mind the picture of my wife.”                                                                                                 1.96
‘Oh son of Sumithra , see this  lake of  cold water blessed with  lotus flowers , which is frequented by Karandava birds    and  on which Chakravaka birds  move about.”                                                   1.97
“The Pampa shines more  with water cranes, Krauncha birds , frequent visit of big animals  and is filled with musical cooing  of birds  and these happy birds kindle the sense of passion in me  and I remember  my  pretty moon faced darling   with lotus like eyes.”                                                               1.98-1.99
“See  on the colorful mountain the male deer accompanied by female deer and being separated from Vaidehi  with deer like eyes , my heart is sorrowing and going here and there.”                        1.100                                                                                                                                                         
“If I am able to meet with my  wife  in these pretty hill slopes , with intoxicated  animals and birds    wandering there , , then I would feel safe.”                                                                                        1.101
“Oh son of Sumithra, I can continue to live , if I have with me the lady with  a slender waist  and am served by the pleasant breeze of Pampa.”                                                                                         1.102
“Oh Lakshmana , those who are served by   the forest breeze of Pampa , which is auspicious, which carries the scent of lotus  flowers and which destroys sorrows are  indeed blessed.”              1.103
“How does the daughter of Janaka , who has lotus petal like eyes , who is my darling but is separated from me continue to keep her life and I am totally dejected.”                                                       1.104
“What would you be able to reply  king Janaka  who is the  follower of Dharma and Truth and who is the father   enquires with me about  his welfare.?”                                                                                 1.105
“My dear one  followed me to the forest when I was send by my father to the forest And I do not know where she is now, though she followed the path of Dharma by following me.”                         1.106
“Oh Lakshmana  , how can me who is wretched live without her, for she followed me who was dejected when I was banished   from the  kingdom.”                                                                                        1.107
“Not seeing her  face who is pretty  , one with lotus petal like eyes and pretty eye lashes, who is sweet smelling,  who is auspicious  and without any blemishes , my mind is greatly paining.”            1.108
“Oh Lakshmana, When will I be able to hear the matchless words of Vaidehi  who has a gentle smile, who is witty , virtuous , sweet  and  which are partial to me .”                                                      1.109
“Though   that pretty one was grieving  ,  to me who was  tormented with love , Vaidehi used to talk great matchless words  and when will I hear them again, Lakshmana?”                                    1.110
“Oh son of the king , In Ayodhya  in what way can I reply  the sensitive Kausalya  who is the    asks  ”How is my daughter in Law” “                                                                                                                     1.111
“Oh Lakshmana, you go  and meet  Bharatha , who loves  his brothers, for I would not be able to live  without the company   of  Sita.”                                                                                                         1.112
Thus  the great soul  Rama wailed like an orphan  and then Lakshmana his brother replied in a suitable  and stable manner  .                                                                                                                              1.113
“Oh Rama control yourself. May safety be yours   and Oh best among men, do not grieve. Do not make your brain dull , oh  man with a pure heart.”                                                                                   1.114
“Please  give up this sorrow  coming out of the thinking of separation from your dear wife because  due to intense love  even a wet cotton wick will burn (And so will your heart.)                               1.115
“Oh Raghava ,  Oh Brother, even if Ravana    goes in to Patala or even the world below it , He would  not be able to live .”                                                                                                                                                   1.116
“As soon as we are able to find about the whereabouts of the sinner Rakshasa , then Sita will be brought back from him and  he will be killed.”                                                                                                              1.117
“Even if Ravana   along with Sita , enters the womb of Dithi (mother of Rakshasas), Suppose he does not return Maithili  , I will kill him there.”                                                                                                           1.118
“Oh gentle Rama,  maintain your safety and mental balance , leave out  this pitiable state of mind , for  one who aims to achieve anything  will  not achieve any objective  unless he puts in great effort.”1.119
“Oh gentle one,  enthusiasm  makes a strong  man  for there is no strength greater than enthusiasm and the man who is enthusiastic , there is nothing that he cannot achieve.”                                               1.120
“A person with enthusiasm would never be  disheartened by   doing a job  and depending only on our enthusiasm we can recover Sita.”                                                                                                                 1.121
“Send back your sorrow and do not do any act impulsively   and know that you are a great soul who is an accomplished one, though   you do not seem to remember it.”                                                             1.122
“When Rama who was overwhelmed by sorrow was addressed like this  , he left off the sorrow and delusion  and got back his courage.”                                                                                                            1.123
Rama who had unimaginable valour   became an undisturbed person  and went beyond  the very beautiful Pampa , which had plants floating   on its surface.                                                                   1.124
That great soul who was dejected  quickly examined  all the forests which had  water sources and caves  and along with Lakshmana but fell in to a mood of sorrow and contemplation.                                 1.125
That Lakshmana who walked like a mighty infuriated elephant  went ahead of that great soul , protecting Raghava  by the power of his Dharma.                                                                                    1.126
A king of the monkeys  who was walking near Rishyamooka mountain saw  those two men of wonderful appearance  and though he was scared , he  did not show any outward  signs.                                1.127
That great soul who walked like a slow moving elephant  moving like a monkey  , with great  sorrow saw them ,  got worried and sank due to great fear.                                                                                      1.128
All those attendants of the monkey sought the safety of    their sacred and safe  hermitage  after seeing the splendid looking  Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                            1.129

This is the end of the  first  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

2. Sugreeva is  scared and deputes Hanuman.

(Sugreeva thinks that they might have been sent by Vali to kill him. Hanuman disagrees    and then Sugreeva  deputes Hanuman to find out who they are and their intentions.)

Sugreeva seeing  Rama and Lakshmana who were blessed brothers  and  who were armed with divine weapons  started having   doubts.                                                                                                                  2.1
The best of monkeys   who had a very agitated mind ,  examined all directions   and was  not able to  sit still at any place.                                                                                                                                                     2.2
When he saw those very strong ones , his mind was not still  and   due to being greatly scared  he entered in to a depression.                                                                                                                                 2.3
That Sugreeva who followed Dharma  thought over it and held consultations  with his attendants  and analyzed   the major and minor consequences.                                                                                            2.4
That king of the monkeys Sugreeva who was greatly scared  on seeing Rama and Lakshmana  told his ministers.                                                                                                                                                              2.5
“These two  must have definitely  been sent by Vali  in to this terrible forest and have come in a very deceptive    dress of bark.”                                                                                                                               2.6
Those ministers of Sugreeva after seeing those with great bow  from that hill top   went to another  hill top.                                                                                                                                                                       2.7
With great speed those leaders of the group of monkeys  reached the lords of them all  and the greatest monkey and   stood surrounding him.                                                                                                          2.8
One by one growing from mountain to mountain , swiftly shaking the mountains  , they all reached the peak of a mountain.                                                                                                                                         2.9
Those very strong monkeys while jumping  shattered several Naga trees which were in flowering  which were  situated on the  mountain.                                                                                                               2.10
Those blessed monkeys  jumping   here and there  all over that mountain  went on wounding  , deer, wild cats and tigers.                                                                                                                                      2.11
After that the ministers of Sugreeva collected together on the king of the mountains  and all those chiefs  of monkeys stood  there with folded hands in salutation.                                                                     2.12
Addressing  Sugreeva who was suspecting it as a conspiracy of Vali , the master  of speech  Hanuman told.                                                                                                                                                                  2.13
“You may please give up the agitation that  this is due to Vali  for this is the great Malaya  mountain rage  and there is no fear from Vali in this mountain.”                                                                                   2.14
“Oh chief of monkeys , The Vali whom you are afraid and are running away  who has cruel looks and is cruel   is not seen by me  here.”                                                                                                                2.15
“Oh gentle one , I cannot foresee  any problem from Vali  whom you are  afraid of , who is one    who has committed sin earlier  who is the soul of wickedness  in this place.”                                                2.16
“Oh monkey , you being definitely an animal living  on branches  are of  narrow  vision  and cannot fix your mind  properly  on anything. “                                                                                                         2.17
“You being  full of intelligence  and cleverness  and you can achieve anything through diplomacy  and a king who does  not have intelligence cannot control anything.”                                                      2.18
Sugreeva after hearing all these auspicious words   from Hanuman  ,told Hanuman more auspicious words.                                                                                                                                                           2.19
“Who will not feel scared   on seeing those long armed , broad eyed ones armed with bow    and arrow  and who look like  the sons of devas?”                                                                                                   2.20
“I am doubting that these great men have been sent by Vali  because kings have many friends and you cannot trust them.”                                                                                                                                   2.21
“Among men , spies move   in different guise  and they need to be identified. Enemies who do not trust, will strike a man who trusts   when he is not alert.”                                                                           2.22
“Vali is an expert in his actions  and a king with broad vision  and he will have many methods to kill his enemies and these  should be understood by ordinary people.                                                     2.23
“Oh monkey , you go  to them adopting the form of an ordinary person  and find about them. By their speech , mannerisms    and   their traits.”                                                                                           2.24
“Oh excellent monkey , you find out their intentions by praising them,  find out if they are happy  by their mood  and then  praise them  again and again   to find out  their intentions  and oh great monkey , only after finding out whether  they are favourable   to me , you should ask them the reason    for those great archers    to   enter in to this great forest?”                                                                      2.25-2.26
“Oh Monkey you should succeed  in finding  out  whether they are pure hearted or evil ones   by  talking   with them.”                                                                                                                                               2.27
After being instructed in this  way  by the king of  monkeys, that son of wind god , took a decision to go and meet  Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                                       2.28
That great monkey  Hanuman , who cannot be easily approached   said, “Yes” and proceeded   to whichever place   the  very strong Lakshmana and Rama  were  going  so that he can meet them.
                                                                                                                                                                 2.29

This is the end of the  second  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

 3.Hanuman meets Rama

(Hanuman who is an expert in conversations meets Rama and Lakshmana. He is impressed by them. They too are impressed with him and express   their interest in meeting Sugreeeva.)

As soon as Hanuman  understood the words of the great Sugreeva  , from the Rishyamooka  mountain he jumped to a place near Raghava.                                                                                                      3.1
That Hanuman who was the son of wind god and who was adamant in his habits , left  the monkey form and assumed  the form of a mendicant .                                                                                               3.2
After Hanuman reached Raghava with humility , he saluted him and he started praising those valorous heroes  using gentle and pleasing words.                                                                                              3.3
Hanuman the son of wind god after   offering them honour as per rules  and that soft valorous and truthful one started  telling them words to their liking.                                                                    3.4
“ Why have you  , who are fair complexioned , who resemble Gods  , who are royal sages   and who follow strictly the penance  have reached this place    and frightening    the  groups animals   and those who   roam in  this forest?”                                                                                                               3.5-3.6
“You are looking at all the trees on the shores of Pampa  and oh sages, the waters of this river shines due to your presence. Why are you who are fair complexioned  , young and courageous  ,  who are wearing cloth made of bark  and are having handsome shoulders scaring all these creatures?”                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                               3.7-3.8
“You are  valorous ,  having the sight of a lion , very strong, very heroic , killer of enemies, holding bows like that of Indra, blessed, having a pretty form , having the valour of best among bulls , having arms resembling the elephant trunk , having luster and bulls   among men.”                               3.9-3.10
“Because of your youthful luster this   king among mountains is shining  and why have you come to this place though you look like people who should rule over a kingdom.?”                                      3.11
“Both of you warriors  have  eyes like lotus petals , wear   matted hair , resemble each other , look as if you have come from the  land of devas , appearing  like sun and moon who have   accidentally reached the earth ,  having a broad chest ,  looking  like valorous men having the form of devas , having shoulders like lion and  look like having great enthusiasm like a pair of bulls.”                                     3.12-3.13
“Why is it that your long well rounded arms resembling iron clubs  which should have been ornamented fully   appear devoid of any ornaments?’                                                                                               3.14
“I feel that both of you are capable of protecting the entire earth including oceans , forests   which is decorated by Meru and Vindhya mountains .”                                                                                     3.15
“These   two bows which are wonderful , has been  applied with  wonderful coatings  and have been decorated with gold and shine like the Vajrayudha  of Indra.”                                                          3.16
“These auspicious looking quivers are completely filled with  sharp glittering arrows which are capable of ending life and  which are like the horrifying snakes.”                                                                        3.17
“These  very huge and broad swords which are decorated with pure   gold  are shining like snakes    which have removed their coats.”                                                                                                         3.18
“When I am talking  like this , why are you not answering me? The  soul of Dharma Sugreeva  is a  valorous monkey chief , who was offended by his brother and is roaming all over   the world.”                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                                          3.19-3.20
“I am a monkey called Hanuman who was   sent by  the great soul  Sugreeva  who is the chief of the monkeys and have reached  here.”                                                                                                  3.21
“Sugreeva wants to enter in to a treaty of friendship with you both.  I am his minister  and the son of wind God  and I took the form of a mendicant  and reached   the Rishyamooka  mountains    due to the wishes of Sugreeva  as I can   take any form and be at   any place.”                                   3.22-3.23
When the valorous  Rama and Lakshmana heard what has been told by Hanuman , those experts in use of words and pleasing talk . did not reply him.                                                                                      3.24
Having heard the words  of that one Rama told  his pleasant faced  and gentle brother Lakshmana  who was standing near him.                                                                                                                              3.25
“He is the minister of the  great monkey  called Sugreeva  and we have come here     with a desire to see   Sugreeva. He has come to see us ”                                                                                                          3.26
“Oh Son of Sumithra , you talk to this minister   of Sugreeva , who is an expert in conversation  and  who has talked with us in a friendly manner using sweet words.”                                                           3.27
“One who is not well versed in rig Veda, not  well versed in Yajur Veda and  also not  well versed  in Sama Veda  cannot speak   like him.”                                                                                                  3.28
“Surely he has studied  Grammar of the language   extremely well , for in the  length conversation of his  there was not even little  mispronunciation.”                                                                                    3.29
“ I could not notice any defect   in his eyes, his forehead  and between his eyebrows or in the limbs on other parts of the body”                                                                                                                        3.30
“The speech  that he spoke was not very elaborate , not confusing , not dragging , not speedily delivered  and were raised from his chest and delivered by his throat.”                                                       3.31
“The words that he spoke was  endowed with culture , neither   delivered fast nor slow  and were pronounced properly  and was captivating our hearts.”                                                                  3.32
“The wonderful words that he spoke were delivered properly from three  places(Throat, chest and belly)  and who  will not  hold him greatly even if he is an enemy  holding a sword.”                           3.33
“Oh sinless one , unless a king has an emissary like him,  how can his  actions move and be properly accomplished?”                                                                                                                                      3.34
“If the one entrusted with  accomplishing his objectives  does have such group of good qualities , all  that king’s desires and aims would be accomplished  due to the words  of prompting  that emissary .”                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                                   3.35
When he was told this way  The son of Sumithra an expert conversationalist  told that monkey who was  an expert in talking and  was the minister of Sugreeva .                                                               3.36
“We both know  the good qualities of the greatly learned  Sugreeva and we  have come here  only in search of Sugreeva , the king of monkeys.”                                                                                    3.37
“Oh Virtuous Hanuman,  we will follow the words of Sugreeva which has been spoken by you to us  and do accordingly.”                                                                                                                                   3.38
Having the words spoken with expertise  , the monkey who was the son of wind god became happy  and after fixing his mind on the path of victory , wanted to get a treaty of friendship with them.  3.39

This is the end of the  third   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

4.Lakshmana  introduces Rama  and they go to meet Sugreeva.

That happy hanuman felt that he has done his duty , after hearing  the sweet words  and mentally thought about Sugreeva.                                                                                                                      4.1
He thought  that   the fact of Sugreeva getting his kingdom would take place  because this great man has come to this place   for completing his work.                                                                                   4.2
That great monkey Hanuman who was greatly happy   replied to the words of Rama who was an expert in speech.                                                                                                                                                 4.3
“Why have  you accompanied by your brother  come  to this horrifying forest surrounding Pampa  , which is inaccessible , filled with snakes  and beasts?”                                                                   4.4
Having heard those words , Lakshmana as urged by Rama , told the story of the great soul Rama who was the son of Dasaratha.                                                                                                                    4.5
“There was a lustrous king called Dasaratha   who liked Dharma  and he not only followed his own Dharma but looked after  the dharma  of the four Varnas.”                                                          4.6
“He never hated anyone and no one hated him  and  he was like Lord Brahma for    all beings and he performed many fire sacrifices in fire  and gave away many  charities and liberal fees.”        4.7
“His eldest son Rama was greatly famous among people ,who provided protection to all beings and  respected the words of his father.”                                                                                                     4.8
“Among the sons of Dasaratha he was valorous  , blessed with good qualities , full of royal qualities  and endowed with royal wealth  and he was banished to the forest and is now    residing with me.”  
                                                                                                                                                            4.9-4.10
“ Sita his greatly lustrous wife followed him to the forest  in virtuous servitude , like  the greatly lustrous Sun God following him up to the end of the day.”                                                                       4.11
“I am his younger brother  well known as Lakshmana who  volunteered    to serve  that well versed man  who is virtuous  and learned   thankfully.”                                                                                   4.12
“He merits pleasure and greatness   and is interested in doing good to all beings  , and now is without wealth  and is depending on the  life of the forest  and his wife was abducted from a lonely place by a Rakshasa    who can assume any form that he likes and we do not know anything   about that Rakshasa    who has abducted her.”                                                                                                                      4.13-4.14
Son of Dithi who was named as Dhanu became a Rakshasa    due to a curse and he told us that Sugreeva the great monkey is capable of solving our problem.”                                                                         4,15
“After telling , “That greatly valorous one will know about him who abducted your wife”,  That Dhanu  went to haven very happily.”                                                                                                                      4.16
“I have told answers to whatever you have asked  and me and Rama are going to Sugreeva to request   his help.”                                                                                                                                                         4.17
“This Rama gave away all his wealth     and obtained great fame  and that one who was the lord of earth earlier  , now seeks the help of Lord Sugreeva.”                                                                                      4.18
“His father who was a lover of Dharma earlier    used to offer protection  to others    and  such a king’s   son Rama is now seeking protection from Sugreeva.”                                                                             4.19
“Previously this soul of Dharma was capable of providing protection to all those who seek his protection  and such a respectable Rama is seeking protection with Sugreeva.”                                                    4.20
“Previously  all who need  help used to seek his grace  and that  Rama is seeking the grace of the king of monkeys.”                                                                                                                                                          4.21
“This Rama blessed with all good characters  is the eldest son of Dasaratha   who was  the king honoured by all the kings of the world is very famous  in all the three worlds and that Rama has come here seeking the protection of Sugreeva.”                                                                                                                        4.22-4.23
“The lord of monkeys  Sugreeva should show  grace to the grieving Rama who is approaching him to solve his grief .”                                                                                                                                                       4.24
When  the son of Sumithra told like this with  tear filled eyes , Hanuman  who was an expert in speech  replied him using these words.                                                                                                                          4.25
“These type of very intelligent people  who have conquered over their anger and who have  won of their senses  have luckily here  but should have been approached by the king of monkeys himself.”         4.26
“He has banished from his kingdom by Vali due to enmity between them  and is greatly  offended with his brother   who has abducted his wife.”                                                                                                       4.27
“Being a youth and son of sun God ,  Sugreeva  would extend help to you  along with us  in the search for Sita.”                                                                                                                                                                         4.28
Hanuman after saying like this in a gentle and sweet manner  told Rama, “Let us go and meet Sugreeva.”                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                   4.29
After Hanuman who was a soul of Dharma spoke like this, Lakshmana  worshipped him  as per rules and then told Rama.                                                                                                                                                     4.30
“That monkey who is the son of wind God appears pleased  and from his words , it appears that he is a man of action  and so you have achieved   your objective, Rama.”                                                            4.31
“With a pleasant face he is talking with happiness  and it looks to me that Hanuman the    son of wind God will not tell a lie.”                                                                                                                                         4.32
Then that great Hanuman, the son of wind god  led both the  very valorous Raghavas  to meet    the king of the monkeys.                                                                                                                                                   4.33
He changed  his form of mendicant    to his normal form of  monkey and  that  elephant like monkey carrying    those valorous   men  on his back, proceeded further.”                                                         4,33
That very famous valorous monkey  , who was the son of wind god felt happy in doing his job properly  travelled to the great mountain  along with an auspicious mind as well as Rama  and Lakshmana.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                  4.35

This is the end of the  fourth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

 5. Rama  enters in to a treaty with Sugreeva

( Hanuman introduces Rama and Lakshmana to sugrreva and after understanding each other   they enter in to a treaty of mutual help)

From the Rishyamooka mountain Hanuman went to the Malaya mountain and announced his arrival along with the Raghavas  to  the king of the monkeys.                                                                              5.1
“The very wise Rama    who is stable  in his valour and truly valiant   has arrived here  along with his brother Lakshmana .”                                                                                                                                        5.2
“Rama who was born in the clan of Ikshuvakus is the son of Dasaratha. He is   well known for his Dharma     and obeying  the words of his father.”                                                                                                           5.3
“ When the great one was  living according to religious rules in the forest , Ravana has abducted his wife and he has come to seek refuge from you.”                                                                                                 5,4
“This Rama is the son   of that king who satiated  fire by doing Rajasooya and Aswamedha Yagnas , who has gifted cows in hundreds and thousands  in those sacrifices  , who gave liberal monetary fees  and made  the priests happy  , who ruled the earth by penance as well as truth  and have come seeking refuge  from you , for the sake of a lady.”                                                                                                5.5-5.6
“These two brothers   are desirous of entering in to a treaty with you and these deserve to be worshipped by you  and so receive  them honorably.”                                                              5.7
After hearing the words of Hanuman, Sugreeva became very happy  and dressed in  the most presentable manner   he told Raghava.                                                                                      5,8
“You sir, are  a student of Dharma, a greatly valorous hero  and one who is dear to all and your virtues have been explained by Hanuman sincerely to me.”                                                               5.9
“Oh great Lord ,  You can   accept my friendship  , provided   you like to have friendship with a monkey like me and it would be a great benefit to me.”                                                                       5.10
“If you desire a   treaty with , I am extending my hand now. Please hold my hand and give me the  respect  due   through my hand.”                                                                                                 5.11
After hearing the very good words spoken by Sugreeva  , Rama with a mind full of happiness held his hand  , and for maintaining affection drew him close and hugged him.                               5.12
Then Hanuman the destroyer of enemies gave up his form as a mendicant  , developed  fire by turning two wooden sticks  and lit  the fire in to a flame  and offered flowers to that fire  and with  proper attention and a happy frame of mind placed     the fire in between them.                       5.13-5.14
Then  Rama and Sugreeva with great reverence went   ceremonially  round  that blazing fire  and established friendship between them.                                                                                        5.15
Then with a very loving mind Raghava as well as the monkey looked at   each other  and not being satisfied further looked at each other.                                                                                        5.16
“You are now my dear friend  and let us share with each other our sorrow and joy “, told Sugreeva to Raghava with a mind full of joy.                                                                                                   5.17
Then he  cut a branch of the  Sala tree thick with leaves and flowers  and sat on that branch of Sala tree   along with Rama.                                                                                                                              5.18
Then the bull among the monkeys Hanuman  who was pleased  gave a thickly flowered branch of a sandalwood tree  to Lakshmana for him to sit.                                                                              5.19
That very happy  Sugreeva   using gentle and sweet words  replied   to Rama whose eyes were shining with joy.                                                                                                                                                 5.20
“Oh Rama I have been insulted  as I am moving with great fear  after my wife has  been taken over  and force to live in this horrifying forest. “                                                                                              5.21
“ Oh Rama Being scared I am living in this  forest  with unsteady mind  because I have been insulted by brother Vali  who has created enmity with me.”                                                                            5.22
“OH great one provide me protection from Vali as  I am scared and pained  by him. Oh son of Kakustha clan, you should act in such a manner that  my fear goes away.”                                                5.23
When he was told like this  that son of Kakustha clan , who was greatly lustrous , who likes Dharma, who practices Dharma ,with  a smile  answered to Sugreeva.                                                               5.24
“Oh great monkey , the result of helping a friend is well known to me . I will kill Vali    who has stolen your wife.”                                                                                                                                               5.25
“My arrows are never failing  and sharp and are similar to Sun  and using them I will speedily kill  Vali  with a bad character . My arrows are covered by the skin of Kanaka  birds  , sharp tipped , with straight tips , snake like and are equal to the Vajrayudha  of Indra.”                                                       5.26-5.27
“Now you will see Vali being hit  these poison like sharp arrows  and see him falling on the ground like a mountain  which is shattered  .”                                                                                                              5.28
Hearing these words which were pleasing to his own mind , Sugreeva was greatly pleased  , said these very important words.                                                                                                                               5.29
Oh Lion among men Raghava , I am sure that I would get back my wife and my kingdom , Oh God among men act in such a way that  my elder brother  who is my enemy is  destroyed and killed .”         5.30
When Sugreeva made this declaration of friendship   Rama  , the left eye of Sita which was like lotus petal , Vali ’s left eye of the colour of the gold , Ravana’s fire like left eye  twitched at the same  time for a moment.                                                                                                                                               5.31-5.32

This is the end of the  fifth  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

6.Sugreeva shows Rama the ornaments of Sita

       (Sugreeva recollects that a lady being carried   in the sky by a Rakshasa  has dropped some ornaments there. Rama identifies them as belonging to Sita. )

“Then that Sugreeva   again told  Raghava , the son of Raghu clan, “Oh Rama  ,  I have been informed by Hanuman  , who is my best minister and friend,  the reason for your coming to the desolate    forest along with your brother Lakshmana  .When you were living in the forest  with your brother , The Rakshasa has stolen Maithili , the daughter of Janaka , when she was crying  when you and Lakshmana were  not with her.”                                                                                                                                 6.1-6.3
“Seeing for a  proper chance that Rakshasa  also killed the vulture Jatayu  and that Rakshasa  made you sorrowful  by separation of wife from you ,”                                                                                             6.4
“You would soon get rid of the sorrow caused by the separation of your wife  for I will restore her to you like the Vedas    were restored back.”                                                                                                      6.5
“Whether she is in Rasathala  or whether she is in a place in the sky , I will get you back your wife, Oh killer  of enemies.”                                                                                                                                          6.6
“Oh Raghava , Oh  greatly valorous one , please know that my words would become the truth .It is not possible for Indra or devas or asuras to  make your wife disappear , like poisonous food cannot be digested.”                                                                                                                                                          6.7
“Oh greatly valorous one , leave out your sorrow as I will get back your wife. I think by inference that  I have seen Maithili who was crying was being carried away by a  cruel Rakshasa  as she was hoarsely crying “Rama, Rama”, “Lakshmana, Lakshmana”  while she moved like a restless king of serpents  on the lap of  Ravana.”                                                                                                                              6.8-6.10
“Seeing the five of us sitting on the mountain top  , she dropped her auspicious ornaments tied in her upper  cloth.”                                                                                                                                         6.11
“Oh Raghava, we have collected those ornaments  and preserved them and I will  now get them , so that you can recognize  them.”                                                                                                                   6.12
As soon as Sugreeva told like this Rama who talks pleasantly “”oh friend , get them quickly , what is the need of a delay?”                                                                                                                                   6.13
When Sugreeva was requested like this, he  went in to a deep cave on the mountain, so that he can get them  and make the desire of Rama to come true.                                                                         6.14
Carrying the upper cloth as well as the auspicious ornaments , that monkey showed them to Rama and told, “You can see them.”                                                                                                                     6.15
Then Rama took in his hand the auspicious ornaments kept on a cloth  and his eyes were filled with tears and he looked like a moon , covered with dews.                                                                            6.16
Being  greatly in love with Sita , he was made wet by the tears that he shed  and wailing “Oh darling”, he fell on the ground , not able to maintain his natural courage.                                                      6.17
Holding those well decorated great ornaments to his   chest , he took painful breath  and got enraged like a great serpent in its pit.                                                                                                                6.18
With shedding tears   continuously and speedily  , he saw the son of Sumithra who was standing by his side  and wailing piteously he started telling.                                                                                    6.19
“ Oh, Lakshmana, please see the auspicious upper cloth  and the ornaments of the body thrown down  by Vaidehi.”                                                                                                                                              6.20
“Sita must have dropped these  on the grasses in the grassland  because the ornaments she has dropped   have not been damaged.”                                                                                                                                     6.21
When Rama told like this Lakshmana told these words in return, “ I do not know her armlets nor her ear rings  but I recognize her toe rings because I used to salute her feet daily.”                                              6.22
Then   Rama told the following words to Sugreeva “Tell me Sugreeva  ,  as seen by you to  which place  did that cruel looking Rakshasa  has taken my darling who is dearer than my life to me ?”      6.23-6.24
“Where does that Rakshasa who has  caused great sorrow to me live? Because of that one , I am going to destroy all Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                               6.25
“By abducting Maithili, he has caused great anger in me  and by doing that for his own life, he has opened the doors of death.”                                                                                                                          6.26
“ Oh king of monkeys , Tell me about that  Rakshasa who has abducted my beloved one and caused trouble to her  and I will take him to the abode of death.”                                                                     6.27

This is the end of the  sixth chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

7. Sugreeva Consoles Rama

(Sugreeva tells Rama that    he should not sink in sorrow    and become something which is not useful.  Rama   is happy at these words and promises to help Sugreeva.)

When Rama who was grieving told like to this Sugreeva  , that monkey replied  with hands held in salutation  with  eye full of tears and words choked in sorrow.                                                  7.1
“I do not know the place of residence  of that sinner  Rakshasa , nor do I know his ability , valour  or the heritage of  that one born in a bad race.”                                                                                       7.2
“Oh destroyer of enemies, leave out your sorrow  for  I am telling you the truth  that  I will  make necessary efforts     and you will get back your Sita.”                                                                 7.3
“After killing Ravana with his people , I would  satisfy  my inner manly strength  and I will  do necessary deeds that you get back your Sita.”                                                                                               7.4
“ The time spent by you is sufficient , become courageous like you usually are  because   for men like you this type of disposition is not proper.”                                                                                          7.5
“I also  have attained great sorrow due  to being separated from my wife  but I do not grieve and I have not lost my courage.”                                                                                                                         7.6
“ Though I am born as an ordinary monkey , I m not grieving but you are a disciplined great soul with habit of steadfastness. Why are you grieving?                                                                            7.7
“You should stop the flowing tears     with courage  , for you being  soft and good   in nature   should not deviate    from your steadfast habit.”                                                                                             7.8
“Whether  you are sorrowing  or have lost your wealth or  scared or have reached  the end of your life , you should analyze within yourselves  and become steadfast and give up despair.”            7.9
“Only a childish man  would adopt to grief daily  for like a heavily loaded boat sinks in water , you   would drown in your despair.”                                                                                                      7.10
“On the basis of our friendship , with salutations I request you to resort to manliness  , for you do not deserve   to give in to sorrow.”                                                                                                     7.11
“Anyone who is sorrowing would lose the pleasure  and his glory would  diminish and so you do not deserve to give yourself up to sorrow.”                                                                                        7.12
‘Even  life is doubtful for one who is overpowered with sorrow  and so great king  leave out this sorrow  and depend yourself only on your courage .”                                                                             7.13
“I am not advising you but telling all this    as your friend  and so honouring  our friendship  , you do not deserve to  grieve.”                                                                                                                              7.14
“When Sugreeva told these with sweetness and peace   to Raghava ,He wiped off his tears    with the hem of his    garment.”                                                                                                                               7.15
That son of Kakustha clan became composed by hearing the words of Sugreeva  and after hugging Sugreeva   he spoke like this.                                                                                                                   7.16
“ Oh Sugreeva Whatever duty has to be done by a friend with affection  has been done by you in a soothing  , suitable and tactful way .”                                                                                                  7.17
“Oh friend comforted and consoled by you  I have  become normal  and is difficult to find   a friend to do that   in  such a time.”                                                                                                                              7.18
“You should make efforts  in the matter of  searching  Maithili as well  as  that bad soul and fierce   Ravana  who is a Rakshasa.”                                                                                                                  7.19
“Without any hesitation tell me  what I should practice  and it would yield good results like seeding     in the rainy season.”                                                                                                                                   7.20
“Oh tiger among monkeys, the words uttered by me now with self respect, I  assure you should be treated as  a promise.”                                                                                                                          7.21
“I Have never told a lie   at any time before  and I am taking an oath that I would  tell only truth in future. “                                                                                                                                                    7.22
Hearing the  words  of Raghava made  the monkey Sugreeva and his ministers   happy , especially    his oath.                                                                                                                                                          7.23
Then that man and the monkey met in private  and both in a fitting manner shared their joys and sorrow.                                                                                                                                                      7.24
The king of monkeys after hearing the words of  that great man  who was a bull among men  and that  learned chief hero among the monkeys thought that   his mission has been accomplished in his heart.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                      7.25

 This is the end of the  seventh chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

8.Rama  asks Sugreeva about the cause of enmity with Vali.

(Sugreeva indicates the reason for enmity   between him and Vali . Rama asks for a detailed story.)

Sugreeva the monkey was satisfied   by the words of Rama  and he told the following to Rama in the presence  of Lakshmana.                                                                                                                               8.1
“I have no doubt that    all the Gods are blessing me , for you have arrived    as a good friend to me at this  time.”                                                                                                                                                       8.2
“Without   any doubt, with the help from you , Oh Rama , I can even get  the kingdom of devas     and  what to speak of my kingdom.”                                                                                                                    8.3
“OH Raghava I have become honourable to my relatives and friends  as I got a friend from the Raghava family with fire as witness.”                                                                                                                          8.4
“You will slowly understand that  I am also a suitable and good friend , for I am not in a position to speak about the good qualities  of mine.”                                                                                                              8.5
“The affection of great men like you  who have  greatly attained fulfillment  in their duty  would become stable in providing affection and courage    to me.”                                                                                 8.6
“Pious people consider that  silver, gold , cloths  and  ornaments  should not be divided  among people   but are to be used   collectively among good people.”                                                                           8.7
“Whether one is rich or poor  or whether he is sorrowing  or happy  or whether one in innocent or guilty , his ultimate  refuge is his friend.”                                                                                                               8.8
“For the sake of one’s friend, you  can give up wealth  and pleasure and even leave the country , after seeing such a friendship  in him.”                                                                                                                   8.9
To Sugreeva who talks pleasing words  , Rama said, “Let  it be like that”,  in front of Lakshmana who was endowed with grace and comparable to Indra.                                                                                            8.10
Seeing Rama  as well as the very strong Lakshmana standing there , he  cast his eyes  unsteadily  all round that place  .                                                                                                                                               8.11
That king of the monkeys then saw a big graceful  Sala tree  having good flowers  graced by the bees  and less of leaves , not very far away.                                                                                                       8.12
Sugreeva then cut a branch with lots of  leaves  and beautifully blossoms  and spread it on earth  and sat on it along with Raghava.                                                                                                                              8.13
Seeing both of them sit , Hanuman  broke another branch  of the Sala tree  and made the obedient Lakshmana sit on it.                                                                                                                                       8.14
When Rama who was like a peaceful ocean was  pleasantly seated comfortable on the hill slope which was filled with flowers and fruits, Sugreeva who was  greatly happy spoke using sweet words      to Rama and Lakshmana , mixing up words sometimes due to extreme love.                                                  8.15-8.16
“As I have offended my brother  and so I am wandering in  the great mountain Rishyamooka with fear  and also sorrowful because my wife has been taken away from me.”                                                    8.17
“Oh Rama , I   live scared , immersed in fear  and with an agitated mind in the forest  as I am offended  by brother Vali and have developed enmity with him.”                                                                           8.18
“Oh Rama   who  can scare the entire world , I am scared of Vali  and saw you should show your grace  on me who is an orphan.”                                                                                                                                   8.19
When he was addressed like this , the son of Kakustha clan  who had great luster  , who was a follower of Dharma and  who liked Dharma   replied  to Sugreeva as if he is making fun of him.                     8.20
“Helping is the fruit of friendship   and harming is the characteristic  of an enemy and so now itself I will kill that one who has  stolen your wife.”                                                                                                        8.21
“These  arrows with wings  of Kanaka bird which can go at high speed   and are decorated   by gold glow like a fierce fire  are  born in the bed of reeds of Karthikeya and are similar to the thunderbolt of the    great  Indra  and they have smooth joints  , are very sharp  and are like very angry serpents.” 8.22-8.23
“Oh friend, he whom you call Vali  is one who does sinful deeds  and you will see him now being killed  by my arrow  and crushed like a mountain.”                                                                                             8.24
When Sugreeva , the chief of army of the monkeys heard these    words of Raghava  became incomparably happy  and said, “Great , great.”                                                                                      8.25
“Oh Rama , I am filled with sorrow and you are the one who protects  those affected by sorrow  and as your friend , I am greatly sorry for you.”                                                                                                  8.26
“You have  given your hand and made   me your friend with fire as the witness  and you are greater than my life  . You being my friend  I am taking an oath  on my words of honour.”                                  8.27
“Considering you as my friend  I am speaking in  a relaxed way to you about my inner sorrow  which keeps on tormenting me.”                                                                                                                           8.28
When he told this his eyes were masked by his tears  and  since  his   voice choked with tears  he was not able to speak any further .                                                                                                                           8.29
Instantly Sugreeva controlled    the speed of his tears  which was rushing out like  the current of the river , he   again assumed courage  and started speaking in front of Rama.                                               8.30
After controlling his tears , Sugreeva wiped his eyes  and taking deep breath , that lustrous one  told Rama.                                                                                                                                                               8.31
“Earlier Oh Rama , Vali uprooted  me away from the kingdom  and after making me listen to harsh words  threw me out with force .”                                                                                                                                   8.32
“My wife whom I loved more than my life was robbed   and all my friends were arrested and then imprisoned.”                                                                                                                                                          8.33
“Oh Raghava that bad soul    tried to destroy me  and send many armed monkeys     and I killed all of them.”                                                                                                                                                                     8.34
“Oh Raghava because of this I also viewed you with suspicion  and scared I did not come before you   as fear  scares everyone.”                                                                                                                                        8.35
“”I am being helped only by Hanuman and few other monkey chiefs  and in spite of all difficulties  I am surviving with my life.”                                                                                                                                         8.36
“These monkeys are very affectionate towards  me  and protect me from all sides .They go along with me wherever I go   and stay with me , if I stay.”                                                                                              8.37
“I will tell you in brief , because there is no need to tell in detail. My elder brother Vali , who is well known for his valour  is now my enemy.”                                                                                                         8.38
“My sorrow can only  vanish after  his death takes place  and happiness in my life is also decided   by his destruction.”                                                                                                                                                         8.39
“Oh Rama I have explained about my sorrow and means for ending it. And I believe whether a man is sad or happy  the only protection he can get  is from his friend.”                                                   8.40
After hearing these words of Sugreeva Rama told him, “I would like to know about the reason for the development of enmity between you both.”                                                                                        8.41
‘After hearing about the reason  for the enmity between  you two monkeys  and after measuring your weakness and strength , I will  take necessary action with pleasure.”                                              8.42
“After hearing about your being insulted , my heart is shaking and I am being subject to strong deep anger  which is rushing like the flow of rain water in rainy season.”                                                 8.43
“You tell me about it freely and happily  before I string my  bow   for as soon as I send my arrow , your enemy would be destroyed.”                                                                                                                    8.44
When the great son of Kakustha clan told like this to Sugreeva , the four monkeys  were extremely overjoyed which was matchless .                                                                                                           8.45
Then Sugreeva started narrating  the reason for the enmity  and told how it all started  to the elder brother of Lakshmana.                                                                                                                             8.46

This is the end of the  eighth  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

9. Story  of the killing of Mayavi  by Vali

(Vali the elder son was crowned as the king at his father’s death.  One day an asura called Mayavi challenged him.  HE went to  fight with him along with Sugreeva. Mayavi entered a cave, Vali entered behind him. When blood and foam came out of the cave , the ministers   Crowned Sugreeva as the king.  One day Vali came back.)
“My Elder brother Vali is a destroyer of enemies  who earlier used to respect  my father as well as myself.”                                                                                                                                                                    9.1
“After my father ‘ s   death he  being the eldest was made  the king of monkeys by the ministers  as well as other great monkeys.”                                                                                                                                      9.2
“While he was ruling the  great kingdom belonging to my   father’s and grandfather’s , I remained  like a servant by his side  and obeyed him.”                                                                                                               9.3
“There was a  lustrous  Rakshasa called Mayavi who was  the elder brother of Dundhubhi and son of Maya and he had a great enmity with Vali due to an affair   with a woman.”                                          9.4
“He arrived one  silent night     to the doors  of Kishkinda  and he  made great blaring sound and invited   Vali for a fight.”                                                                                                                                                    9.5
“My brother who was sleeping ,  after hearing that great bellowing sound  and that great  Vali  could not tolerate that sound     and came out.”                                                                                                             9.6
“Though me and ladies bowed to him and tried to prevent him, he came out with great anger and wanted to kill that great Asura. “                                                                                                            9.7
“That greatly strong one spurned all of us  and  then due to my love for him  , I also went along     with him.”                                                                                                                                                           9.8
That Asura seeing  from a great distance my brother and myself coming towards him , was  greatly scared   and ran away.”                                                                                                                            9.9
“When he was running out of fear , we both speedily   followed him , by the path which was lit my the moon , which was just then rising.”                                                                                                       9.10
“That Asura  speedily went inside a hole on the earth , which was difficult to enter    and covered it with grass and we who have reached that place waited near it.,”                                                          9.11
“Vali seeing the asura entering the hole on earth  flew in to a great rage and with great   anger he told me the following words.”                                                                                                                       9.12
“Oh Sugreeva, stand   near the entrance  of  this hole on earth  with alertness , as I am entering in to it to  kill   that enemy.”                                                                                                                                     9.13
“When I heard these words , I begged that destroyer of enemies , but he made me swear on his feet that I would not enter that hole.”                                                                                                                 9.14
“After he entered the hole  almost one year passed  away  and I was wasting my time by standing near the entrance of the hole.”                                                                                                                       9.15
“Thinking that I have lost my brother and becoming alarmed due to love  at being not able to see  my brother  and started doubting that some harm might have occurred.”                                        9.16
“After a very long time from the entrance of the hole blood with foam started  oozing out  and I became greatly saddened.”                                                                                                                                  9.17
“The sound of screaming of that  Asura reached my ears but not  the screeches of my brother who was  involved in the fight.”                                                                                                                              9.18
“ Oh friend,  I concluded from the signs  that my brother has been killed  and closed that hole with a stone as big as a mountain  and with great sorrow performed water oblations and reached back Kishkinda  and  though I tried to conceal the happenings, the ministers persuaded me to tell about it.                                                                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                9.19-9.20
“Then I was persuaded by them  and I was crowned and started   ruling that kingdom  as per justice , Oh Rama. And at that time he who  was half monkey came back after   killing that Asura enemy .”9.21
“Seeing me crowned  , with his eyes reddening with anger , he arrested  me and all the ministers and started telling very rude words.”                                                                                                              9.22
“Though I was capable of killing him  , Oh Rama , thinking it is a sin , I did not try to do it  , as I honoured him as my brother.”                                                                                                                                   9.23
“When my brother entered the city after  killing the enemy , I acknowledged him as great  soul and saluted him  with a very happy inner mind but he did not say  any words of blessing.”   9.24-9.25
“Oh Lord Rama , Though I bowed  to him in salutation, with my crown touching his feet , Vali did not show    any sign of grace towards me.”                                                                                                9.26
       
This is the end of the  ninth chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

10.The story of banishment of Sugreeva

(Sugreeva then tells about how unjustly he was banished from his kingdom and how his wife was usurped from him by Vali. Rama promises to kill Vali)

“Then I wanted to please my brother who has come  greatly angry and greatly agitated  and started   appeasing him.”                                                                                                                                           10.1
“Fortunately you have reached back safely after killing  your enemy .Oh Lord of all orphans , but for your return I would have been an orphan.”                                                                                                      10.2
“I will hold the umbrella with many ribs and which is like the full moon which has just risen  with Yak tails. Be kind enough   to accept it.”                                                                                                         10.3
“Ok king ,  I stood near the mouth of the cave undergoing great difficulty for   one year    and then I saw the blood flowing out of the  mouth of that cave . My heart   was filled with sorrow  and I lost control over my senses. Then after covering the door of the cave with a stone of the size of the mountain , I retreated from that place and reentered Kishkinda.”                                                                      10.4-10.5
“The citizens and the ministers who saw me grieving  crowned me though I did not like it. I may be excused for that.”                                                                                                                                              10.6
“You only are the king worthy of reverence and I am just like earlier . I have taken up the job of the king because  you were absent . The kingdom is now stable with its  ministers , citizens and towns  and its  thorn like enemies kept away.”                                                                                                               10.7-10.8
“This kingdom   which has been deposited with me during your absence is being returned to you  and Of slayer of enemies, Oh gentle one, do not get angry at me.”                                                                       10.9
“Oh king , I am begging you with bent heads and hands folded in salutation . I took this assignment to rule  kingdom  only during  your absence  as entrusted to me by citizens and ministers so that  it can be preserved    without any problems.”                                                                                                            10.10
Though I was speaking to him with affection , that monkey abused me  and reproached  me in spite of the fact  that I spoke in various ways to him.                                                                                          10.11
Calling people who agreed with him and the ministers  who were invited , he spoke to me very harshly in the middle of my friends.                                                                                                                           10.12
“You know well how that  the angry war mongering  Mayavi  , who is a great asura  challenged me for a war that night .”                                                                                                                                             10.13
“As soon as I heard   these words of  his, I came out of the palace  and  this dreadful   brother    followed me.”                                                                                                                                                                   10.14
“Then that Asura seeing me at night being followed by another  powerful person , was stricken with great fear  seeing both of advancing against him and speedily entered  a huge cave though he was chased.                                                                                                                                                   10.15-10.16
“When I saw him entering that horrifying very big  cave , I instructed my  cruel looking brother like this.”                                           
                                                                                                                                                                          10.17
“I will not have  the power to return from the cave till I kill  the asura  and so you please wait for me at the mouth  of cave   till I kill him and return back. “                                                                             10.18
“Under the hope that Sugreeva is waiting for me, I entered the cave  which was difficult to enter  and when I was searching for the asura One long year   passed.”                                                            10.19
“ Without much effort I could    find the fearful enemy of mine  and I killed him along with his relatives.”                                         
                                                                                                                                                                      10.20 
“When he was roaring  and writhing , blood came out of his mouth  and  it became difficult to stop  the flow of blood  in that cave.”                                                                                                                      10.21 
“After killing  the powerful enemy who was the son of Dhundubi  , when I was coming out , I could not find  the door of the cave since it was blocked.”                                                                                10.22
“I went on shouting   for Sugreeva again and again  and when there was no response , I became greatly distressed.”                                                                                                                                                10.23
“I hit the walls  of the cave many  times with my feet  and broke the door  at last and have arrived here from there.”                                                                                                                                                        10.24
“And this  cruel Sugreeva  who had forgotten brotherly affection   wished   like a mirage  to have  the kingdom for himself  stopped me.”                                                                                                               10.25
After telling like this that monkey Vali   without getting perturbed  banished me  from the kingdom with a single cloth .                                                                                                                                                  10.26
“Oh Rama  , Remembering    that  attack   as well as robbing of my wife , I am greatly scared of him and wandering  this earth  which is covered by oceans and forests.”                                                          10.27
“Being sad  due to my wife being stolen from me, I have come to this  great mountain Rishyamooka , which is inaccessible to Vali due to some other reason.”                                                                     10.28
“This is the story about the great enmity between us told in great detail  and you can realize the great sorrow    which has befallen me for no fault of mine.”                                                                           10.29
“Oh  valorous Rama who is fearful to the entire world , due to the fear  and sufferings caused by Vali, I am requesting  for your grace by killing Vali.”                                                                                         10.30
When he was spoken to like this the lustrous Rama  who was a follower of Dharma , started telling these words  which are  according to Dharma in a teasing way to Sugreeva.                                              10.31
“My unerring sharp arrows which are like  the Sun  would soon kill  Vali   who is  an evil one with great speed.”                                                                                                                                                            10.32
“As long as I do not see him  who has stolen your wife , till that time that soul of sin Vali who has  violated virtue  would live.”                                                                                                                        10.33
“From my personal experience , I see that you are drowned in the ocean of sorrow  and I would definitely make you cross that sea  and ensure that you get back all that you have lost.”             10.34
Hearing those  words which increased his joy and courage , Sugreeva  who was immensely pleased  told these great  words.                                                                                                                                       10.35

This is the end of the  tenth  chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

11Rama throws the skeleton of Dundhubhi

(Sugreeva describes the prowess of Vali. He tells how he threw the body of Dhundhbhi whom he has killed to one yojana distance. He also tells Rama about the curse of sage Mathanga on Vali.  Rama throws the skeleton of Dhundhubhi to ten yojanas distance just by his toe.  Sugreeva wanys him to pierce one of the seven Sala trees.)

When Sugreeva heard the words of Rama , his joy and courage increased    and  he started praising Rama   in a worshipful manner.                                                                                                                         11.1
“Without any doubt , if you become angry ,  by using lustrous  sharp  arrows which will pierce  the vital parts , you can burn  the world similar to Sin God burning   the world  before the deluge.”                 11.2
‘Please hear with concentrated  mind about his  courage , valour and steadfastness from me     and then  you u decide as to what is to be done by you.”                                                                                              11.3
“Vali  daily crosses  oceans from east to west and from South to North  before sun rise  without getting tired.”                                                                                                                                                                     11.4
“Vali would climb to the top of the  mountains  and he   would toss  huge  peaks speedily upwards   and then catch them .”                                                                                                                                               11.5
“While Vali is exhibiting his strength  he would brake many strong trees in the forest  with vigour and speed.”                                                                                                                                                                    11.6
“There was a buffalo  called Dundhubhi , who was shining like the Kailasa  mountain, who has the strength of one thousand elephants  and greatly valorous.”                                                           11.7
“That  wicked  very huge bodied one proud of his  valour and deluded by the power of boons that he obtained  went to the ocean which is the Lord of all rivers.”                                                                11.8
“After reaching the sea with billowing waves and which had collection of gems  wanting to fight a war with the ocean he told.”                                                                                                                                11.9
“ OH king, That very strong ocean which was the soul of Dharma arose  and told  that Rakshasa    who was sent there by God of death.”                                                                                                              11.10
“Oh  expert in war, I am not capable of fighting with you  and please hear so that I can tell you  about the one who would  engage you in war.”                                                                                                   11.11
“ The  very famous king of mountains Himalayas is the abode of many sages  in its great forests  and  is the father  in law of Sankara. He  has many great waterfalls  and many cavers and caverns within him. He will be competent and give you  incomparable pleasure in war.”                                                  11.12-11.13
“That great Asura understanding that the ocean is scared of him , went to Himalayas like a great arrow released from a bow and that Dundhubhi  then took elephant  size  rocks from that white mountain  threw and broke them  and roared.”                                                                                                     11.14-11.15
“Then that Himalayas  who was  gentle took a  a pleasing form like a cloud  and sitting on one  of its peaks   told him.”                                                                                                                                              11.16
‘Oh Lover of Dharma Dundhubhi  ,  do not offer me any trouble , as I am the abode of sages  doing penance , I am not suitable    to war with you.”                                                                                        11.17
“Hearing the words of the wise king of mountains , Dundhubhi who had red eyes due to anger spoke to him.”                                                                                                                                                                   11.18
“You are not fighting with me either because you are not competent or you   are  afraid  of me but you can please  show me a valorous hero   who would be ready to fight with me.”                                   11.19
“That Himalayas who was skilful in conversation  and  a person of Dharma , on hearing the angry words of  that  great Asura , spoke angrily  to him.”                                                                                                 11.20
 “There is a  greatly wise monkey called Vali who is equal in valour to Indra  and the Lord of the monkeys is living in Kishkinda  which has unmatched luster.”                                                                                  11.21
‘He is very intelligent , greatly wise and an expert in war  and he is capable of facing in  one to one fight war like just  like Indra gave to Namuchi.”                                                                                                  11.22
“If you are interested in war speedily go to him  , for he is difficult to face in war and would  be ever ready for it.”                                                                                                                                                        11.23
“Hearing the words of Himalayas , the extremely angry Dundhubhi   went to the town of Kishkinda   which was the place of Vali.”                                                                                                                           11.24
“He took the form of a terrifying bison with very sharp horns and looked like a water rich cloud in   the sky of the rainy   season and that very strong one   reached the gate of Kishkinda  and roared like a Dundhubhi drum and shook the earth.”                                                                                             11.25-11.26
“Breaking the trees which were nearby  and scratching the earth  and  digging   the gate by his horns he looked like an elephant.”                                                                                                                                11.27
“Vali who had gone to his private apartments   hearing that intolerable sound , jumped from where he is along with a woman and looked like a moon  coming out along with the stars.”                                11.28                                               
“Vali the lord  of the monkeys   who roams   all over the forest  told Dundhubhi  in few words whose   letters were clear.”                                                                                                                                           11.29
“Oh Dundhubhi , for what reason are you blocking the door like this and roaring . Oh very strong one  you are known to me , please save your own life.”                                                                                  11.30                                                                                                                                                                                                          
“After hearing those words of the king of monkeys   Dundhubhi    told with  reddened  eyes    due to great anger.”                                                                                                                                                      11.31
“Oh valorous one , you should not talk in the presence of women , Start the war with me and then I will know your strength.”                                                                                                                                        11.32
“Otherwise I will control my anger for this night and I will give you time to passionately indulge  in love play for this night.”                                                                                                                                          11.33
“Oh monkey , you can embrace them and give them whatever you want to give  and oh king of monkeys you can also spend time with your friends.”                                                                                              11.34                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
“See Kishkinda properly , assign some one like you to  be king of the city  and play with ladies , for I am going to  destroy your  pride.”                                                                                                                       11.35                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
“He who kills an intoxicated one , heedless one, one who is sleeping  or one without weapons  and one who is passionately indulged in love  is like a killer of unborn child in a womb.”                                11.36                                                                                                                                                       
“Then smiling mischievously  , he sent away Tara and her servants and all other women  and angrily he   told  the great Rakshasa.”                                                                                                                              11.37                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                “Do not think that  I am intoxicated and if you    are  not afraid of a war , my intoxication would help me  in striking you    as I have drunk a heroes drink.”                                                                                     11.38                                                                                                                                                                                   
“After having  angrily spoken like this and after removing the golden garland given to him  by his father  the Indra  and  stood ready for the war.”                                                                                                   11.39
“Vali  roaring  like an elephant lifted Dundhubhi    who was like a mountain by his horns  and stuck him down.”                                                                                                                                                              11.40   
“Then Vali roared and threw  the body  of Dundhubhi   down, and blood started flowing from the ears  of Dundhubhi.”                                                                                                                                                11.41    
“ Since both of them  were agitated and angry  and both  were wishing   to be victorious  a horrible war took place between Dundhubhi and the monkey.”                                                                                 11.42   
“Vali who has valour equal to Indra  fought with fists , knees    as well as stones and trees.”            11.43
“The Monkey and the asura pounced upon each other  in that fight  and the power of Asura got reduced and that of the son of Indra increased.”                                                                                                        11.44                                                                                                                                                                                           
“Vali lifted the asura Dundhubhi  who was failing in his efforts , courage strength and prowess,  and hit him  down on the ground  and while being thrown down Dundhubhi  was crushed  and the body got split in to five elements(he died) and he fell down dead.”                                                                       11.45-11.46
“ That  strong Vali lifted that body which has lost its life  by his hands  and  with speed hurled it to a Yojana distance.”                                                                                                                                                 11.47
“When the body was thrown in haste , drops of blood from the mouth of the body fell , which was scattered by the wind  and fell on the hermitage of  sage Matanga.”                                                       11.48
“Seeing the drops  of blood  of a Rakshasa that has   fallen on him, that great sage  became angry   and started thinking  about who might have done it?’                                                                                        11.49
“Which bad soul has  sprayed   blood , instantly on me   and that bad one  who has done  it  must be evil minded  and childish?”                                                                                                                                       11.50
“After saying this the   great sage came out of his hermitage   and saw  before him the mountain like body of that buffalo.”                                                                                                                                         11.51
“By the power of penance he understood that it was done by a monkey  and he pronounced a great curse on Vali who hurled  it.”                                                                                                                         11.52
“ If he who polluted this hermitage   by sprinkling of blood enters this place  protected by me  ,  then his   death  would take place .”                                                                                                                             11.53
“If he who broke    trees in this place     by throwing the body of the Asura , comes within   one Yojana   all round  my hermitage clearly  that   evil minded person will not live.”                                            11.54
“It is better that    those ministers of his who are staying in  my  forest  also go away  with pleasure as soon as this pronouncement is made.”                                                                                                     11.55
“If they stay back in the forest which has been   looked after like a son by me  and  destroy its shoots    and harvest  the fruits  and roots , definitely  I would also  curse  them.”                              11.56-11.57
“I am giving   them one day time   and from tomorrow  , if I see  any such monkey  , then he would be transformed in to a mountain and remain here   for thousands of years.”                                        11.58
“As  soon as  these words fell out of the mouth  of the sage , they all came out of that forest   and went and met Vali.”                                                                                                                                                11.59
“Oh monkeys who live in the forest of Matanga , why have you all together   come to meet me? I hope all of you   are safe.”                                                                                                                                    11.60
“Then   all those monkeys   told all that happened  and also about the curse given to Vali and the  reason for that curse.”                                                                                                                                              11.61
“When Vali heard all that was told by the monkeys , Vali went to the hermitage Of Matanga and with saluted hands begged for his  pardon.”                                                                                                    11.62
“The great sage went in to his hermitage without obliging him  and due to the fear of that curse  Vali was greatly perturbed.”                                                                                                                                11.63
“Due to the fear of that curse, Vali does not enter the great Rishyamooka mountain  and does not even like to see it.”                                                                                                                                                   11.64
“Knowing about the prohibition of his entry , Oh Rama , I roam about in this great forest accompanied by my ministers  without any fear.”                                                                                                            11.65
“That shining skeleton  lying  on the mountain top  is that of Dundhubhi , which was thrown there  by the vanity of Vali.”                                                                                                                                          11.66
“You can also see seven huge Sala trees full with their branches and Vali  by his innate power can make them leafless one at a time.”                                                                                                                        11.67
“Oh Rama , I am telling all this to describe about his matchless valour , then how is it possible for you to kill him in war?”                                                                                                                                               11.68
When Sugreeva told like this Lakshmana     smilingly told, “By performing which act would you believe  that we are capable of killing Vali.”                                                                                                                11.69
Then Sugreeva told , “Earlier these seven Sala trees used to be shaken one after another by Vali  and agitate them.”                                                                                                                                                   11.70
“If Rama can with one arrow  remove all leaves  of  one of the Sala trees  by his arrow, then  on seeing the  valour of Rama, I would conclude that Vali is definitely dead.”                                                       11.71
“Oh Lakshmana , if using one of his feet , he can kick the skeleton  of the buffalo and make it fall at two hundred bow lengths , then I will have confidence in him.”                                                                     11.72
When Sugreeva told like this the   eyes of Rama reddened  and after thinking for a short time Sugreeva again spoke to son of Kakustha clan.                                                                                                             11.73
“The strong monkey Vali is valorous  and acknowledges valour  and is famous for his strength and masculinity  and he cannot be defeated in war.”                                                                                        11.74
“Seeing his acts which are difficult for even devas to perform , I became  thoughtful and scared and I depended on living in Rishyamooka.”                                                                                                            11.75
“After thinking and concluding that he the king of monkeys  cannot be defeated , cannot be conquered and cannot be   attacked , I am not leaving Rishyamooka.”                                                                       11.76
“After suspecting problems , I am moving about in this great forest  along with  affectionate ministers   lead by Hanuman.”                                                                                                                                            11.77
“Oh  Rama who loves his friends , Oh tiger among men  , in you I have got a  trustworthy laudable and   good friend , in whom I can depend upon like  the Himalaya  mountain.”                                            11.78
“I do not know your power  in war  as your valour has not been seen by me , like I know    about  my malicious    brother .”                                                                                                                                         11.79
“I am not trying to measure you or insult you  or intimidating you , but  his  gross  exploits  have made fear rise in my heart.”                                                                                                                                         11.80
“Oh Raghava , your voice , courage as well as physique seems desirable  and indicate great radiance but it is not clear like an ember covered  with ash.”                                                                                             11.81
Hearing these words    from the great soul Sugreeva  , Rama with a smile  told the following to the monkey.                                                                                                                                                                  11.82
“Oh monkey, if you are not able to have confidence in me , I will convince  you of my power  and valour in war.”                                                                                                                                                                   11.83
That elder brother of Lakshmana  who is very strong  and valorous after comforting Sugreeva by saying this , playfully with his toe lifted the   dried up body  of Dundhubhi  and threw it to a distance of ten Yojanas .                                                                                                                                                      11.84-11.85
Then Sugreeva seeing the body quickly again told  to the elder brother of Rama who was shining like a sun “The words told in front of the monkeys is really meaningful.”                                                          11.86
“Oh friend  , At that time the   flesh was wet   and now it has become dried up without flesh  and is  like grass , Oh Raghava,  and at that time my brother Vali was   intoxicated  and tired  and so you could fling it happily.”                                                                                                                                                11.87-11.88 
“And  because  wet state and dry state makes a lot of difference , I am not able to decide whether your strength of his strength is more.”                                                                                                                   11.89
“Oh dear one, I am still having doubt of your strength compared to his   but if you are able to pierce one Sala tree  , I would be convinced.”                                                                                                                 11.90
“Get set your great bow   which is like   an elephant’s trunk  and draw the string up to your   ear  and release a great arrow.”                                                                                                                                      11.91
“Oh Rama if you pierce one Sala tree by using  your arrow , then I will not have any doubt . Enough of this thinking and please do this one favour to me  and I tell this swearing upon me.”                          11.92
“Like the sun among things that are bright , Like Himalayas being the greatest mountain and like Lion is the greatest among those which walk with four feet , you are the most valorous among me.         11.93

This is the end of the  eleventh   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

12. The first fight of Sugreeva with Vali

(Rama shows his prowess  by sending his arrow through all the seven Sala trees, Convinced accompanied by Rama Sugreeva goes to fight with Vali. Since  both of them look alike  Rama is not able to kill Vali. Decorated by a forest flower Garland Sugreeva goes again to fight with Vali.)

When Rama heard these good words of Sugreeva , to create confidence in his  mind , Rama took up the bow.                                                                                                                                                                         12.1
Rama who respects others , took one arrow  and put it on the horrifying bow and shot  aiming at the Sala tree  and the sound produced could be heard in all directions.                                                          12.2
That powerful  arrow which was decorated with gold , when released  pierced through all the seven Sala trees  and the mountain terrain and pierced the earth.                                                                                12.3
That great arrow   after it was released within a short time  pierced all the Sala trees  and after it emerged from there    returned back  to the quiver.                                                                                     12,4
That great monkey seeing the arrow piercing all the seven trees  was filled with great wonder  by the speed of the arrow of Rama.                                                                                                                               12.5
That Sugreeva , who was   greatly pleased , saluted Rama with folded hands  and with his ornaments hanging down prostrated before Rama with his head touching the earth.                                               12.6
Greatly pleased by act that Sugreeva  spoke to Rama who was follower of Dharma , an expert in all branches of knowledge  and valorous one who stood there.                                                                      12.7
“Oh bull among men, using your arrows you can kill even Indra assisted by all devas in a battle    and what to see of this Vali. “                                                                                                                                   12.8
“Oh Rama with one arrow you have pierced , seven great Sala trees, the mountain as well as the earth  and who can face you in the battle front?”                                                                                                    12.9
“All my  sorrows have deserted me as I got a friend  like you  who is comparable to Indra and Varuna.” 
                                                                                                                                                                              12.10
“Now for my sake you have  to kill my enemy Vali  who is in the form of my  brother  and for that    son of Kakustha clan my salutations. “                                                                                                                  12.11
Then Rama  embraced Sugreeva who was good to look at  and followed by  Lakshmana  he replied
back”                                                                                                                                                                     12.12
“We will now speedily go to Kishkinda  with you leading us and after going there  you invite Vali  who is 
.only a brother for namesake, for a duel .”                                                                                                    12.13
Then they all went to  Kishkinda the capital of Vali  and hid themselves behind a tree and stayed there .
                                                                                                                                                                               12.14
For the sake inviting Vali for a duel    Sugreeva  let out a horrifying shout which was sky breaking  , after tightening   his stomach by his cloth.                                                                                                             12.15
Hearing that shouting of his brother, the very strong  Vali  came out overwhelmed   with great  anger  like the Sun coming out of the   western ocean.                                                                                         12.16
Then a tumultuous war broke out between Vali and Sugreeva  resembling a war  between Budha(mercury)    and Angaraka (mars)  in the sky.                                                                                   12.17
Those brothers forgetting themselves in anger  fought with palms and fists and stuck each other,  like lightning and thunder .                                                                                                                                     12.18
Then Rama armed with bow looked at both of them, who were  valorous  and similar to look at like Aswini Kumaras .                                                                                                                                                12.19 
Since Raghava could not recognize   Vali or Sugreeva , he could not make up his mind to release the deadly arrow .                                                                                                                                                      12.20
Meanwhile Sugreeva defeated   by Vali , not able to see Lord    Raghava  ran to the Rishyamooka mountains.                                                                                                                                                            12.21
Chased with great anger by Vali , the exhausted Sugreeva , with blood oozing out from all his limbs  due to the beatings  and with a slackened body entered the forest of Matanga.                                           12.22
When  the greatly lustrous Vali saw Sugreeva enter that forest , scared due to the curse that he had received  saying , “You have escaped”  and  returned.                                                                                  12.23
Rama along with his brother  as well as Hanuman  came to that forest which was entered by Sugreeva.
                                                                                                                                                                                  12.24
Sugreeva on seeing Rama along with Lakshmana  felt greatly shy and replied seeing    the earth.      12.25
“Asking me to  challenge so that   you can exhibit your valour  to the enemy , you got me hit this way. Why did you do it?”                                                                                                                                              12.26
“Oh Raghava , had you at that time  itself    told me that  you will not kill Vali , I would not have gone there.”                                                                                                                                                                     12.27
When Sugreeva  the great soul was speaking like this  in a piteous and  soul stirring  manner  Raghava   again told.                                                                                                                                                               12.28
“Oh dear Sugreeva please hear   and please get out of this anger and hear why  I did not sent   that arrow?”                                                                                                                                                                   12.29
“Oh Sugreeva you and Vali are exactly alike   in   adornment ,  in form  and also in size and movements and resemble each other .”                                                                                                                                12.30
“ Oh monkey, In voice , in splendour  or in looks or in valour  , I could not find any differences between you.”                                                                                                                                                                       12.31
“Oh best among monkeys , by the similarity  between you  two , I was confused  and so I did not send the  very fast arrow to kill the enemy.”                                                                                                           12.32
“Due to your great similarity I did  not send the horrifying arrow which  is fatal  , thinking that I should not   strike at the root of our friendship between us.”                                                                               12.33
“Oh valorous king of monkeys  ,  my  ignorance or thoughtlessness  of folly of childishness  would be revealed  if you happen to die by mistake .”                                                                                               12.34
“It is said the crime of killing  one  who has   promised  you protection  is very great . Me , Lakshmana and Sita of the blessed colour are under your protection  as we have sought your protection in this   forest.”                                                                                                                                                             12.35
“ Oh monkey , Without having any doubts on me   , you should go to fight again. Oh Sugreeva within a short time , you will see   that Vali is dying  in the battle with a single arrow of mine  and see him lying dead on the ground.”                                                                                                                         12.36-12.37
“Oh king of monkeys  ,  you have some sort   of signet   with you , so that, in the fight that is going   to happen, I can recognize you.”                                                                                                                     12.38
“Oh Lakshmana pluck that Gajapushpi flower in  bloom which is auspicious  and put in the neck of the great Sugreeva.”                                                                                                                                               12.39
Then Lakshmana went to the path in the mountain  which was full of  blooming Gajapushpi flowers , plucked them  and kept it on the neck of Sugreeva.                                                                                 12.40
That auspicious gentle one Sugreeva with  the creeper garland  around his neck looked like a rain cloud at dusk  adorned by a row of cranes,                                                                                                             12.41
With a radiant body that Sugreeva   , as per the words of Rama , along with Rama went to Kishkinda which was ruled by Vali.                                                                                                                                   12.42

This is the end of the  twelfth    chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

13.Rama sees the hermitage  of seven sages

(On their way to Kishkinda they seea hermitage from which scented air was coming out . Sugreeva told Rama that it was the hermitage   of the seven sages and requests them to salute  that hermitage.)

The elder  brother of Lakshmana went from Rishyamooka   along with Sugreeva  to Kishkinda which was ruled by the valorous Vali.                                                                                                                                  13.1
Rama got ready  with a great bow and arrow decorated   by Gold and which was like Sun   and which was powerful in war.                                                                                                                                                    13.2
In the front of the great soul Raghava, the strong necked Sugreeva     and Lakshmana  walked ahead. 
                                                                                                                                                                                 13.3
Behind him the valorous Hanuman, Nala, NIla and the brilliant monkey leader   Tara   walked .        13.4
They walked seeing  bent trees due to heavy load of flowers , rivers with pure  water flowing to the sea.
                                                                                                                                                                                 13.5
They walked  seeing  valleys, mountains , house like caves   and  caves , chief  peaks  and valleys which were all pleasant to look at .                                                                                                                             13.6
They went   glancing    at Lotus plants having leaves like  pure Vaidoorya , Asoka plants with unopened buds  and picturesque   tanks with good water.                                                                                             13.7
They walked   seeing Karanda ducks , cranes , swans , Vanjula birds , water fowls  and Chakravaka birds  which were singing melodiously .                                                                                                                     13.8
They saw on those grounds fearless deer were roaming in the forest feeding on tender grass.         13.9
There were elephants with two tusks wandering alone  which were fearsome enemies  of tanks.    13.10
There were elephant  like monkeys   moving like a mountain which were intoxicated , raising dust of the ground and knocking way edges  of mountains.                                                                                            13.11
Seeing the animals that move  in the forest and birds that move  in the sky  , they proceeded by the way shown by Sugreeva .                                                                                                                                           13.12
When they were proceeding with great speed , the son of Raghu clan , after seeing a forest densely populated with trees asked Sugreeva.                                                                                                              13.13
“These  patch of trees is shining like a cloud in the sky  and they are vast like collection of clouds   and surrounded by Banana clumps”.                                                                                                                     13.14
“Oh friend, I would like to know what this is? I am curious about it. I wish you would satisfy my
curiosity .”                                                                                                                                                          13.15
Hearing those words from the great soul Rama , Sugreeva started answering while they were walking in the dense forest.                                                                                                                                               13.16
“Oh Raghava , this is a very broad hermitage  which removes tiresomeness due to  it having   pretty gardens  and lots of fruits  and roots.”                                                                                                       13.17
“The sages were  called ‘seven sages’  who observed great penance  with great discipline , They  rested upside down with head in the water and  foot  up.”                                                                             13.18
“They observed   penances for seven days with air as their only food  and on the seventh night  they stayed on the top of the mountain without moving. They did penance like this for seven hundred years  and with their bodies departed     to heaven.”                                                                                       13.19
“Because of their power , this hermitage surrounded by trees is difficult to enter  to  devas , asuras including Indra.”                                                                                                                                          13.20
“Birds and other animals who wander in this forest do not enter the hermitage because any one entering in cannot return alive.  “                                                                                                          13.21
“Oh Rama from the hermitage sound of dresses and ornaments are heard  as well as sound of musical instruments and singing and also one can smell divine fragrance there.”                                     13.22
“Three sacred fires keep on burning inside the hermitage  and the smoke from them envelop  the tree tops  and the smoke shines red like a pigeon ‘s leg  “                                                                       13.23
“These tree tops with their top covered by  thick smoke  and covered by the thick clouds  looks like a mountain of Vaidoorya.”                                                                                                                        13.24
“Oh Rama along with your brother Lakshmana   salute the sages  with folded hands  and meditating  on  those sages .”                                                                                                                                13.25
“Those who offer salutations to those sages  who are in contemplative state , will not have   any inauspicious signs in their body.”                                                                                                            13.26
Then Rama along with Lakshmana saluted those sages  and meditated with devotion on those sages and worshipped them.                                                                                                                                  13.27
Then Rama , his brother Lakshmana , Sugreeva and other monkeys offered salutations  and went from there with a heart full of delight.                                                                                                          13.28
Then going with effort for a long distance from the hermitage of the seven sages , they saw Kishkinda ruled   by Vali.                                                                                                                                            13.29
Then Rama , his brother and the monkeys  after taking weapons which  had very great luster  , reached the town ruled by the son of Indra , to eliminate    their enemy.                                                    13.30

This is the end of the  thirteenth    chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.

14.

They all went speedily to Kishkinda   the place ruled by Vali and  in the deep forest they  waited hiding behind the trees.                                                                                                                                                  14.1
Sugreeva   with a bread chest who loved forests thoughtfully examined all the forests  and became angry.                                                                                                                                                                     14.2
Then he  who was surrounded by his companions made  horrible sound  capable of breaking the sky   and moved like wind inviting Vali for war  and it was like a roar of a great cloud.                                14.3
Sugreeva  who was like an infant sun  and who moved like lion  and who was capable of doing any duty spoke like this to Rama.                                                                                                                                   14.4
“We have reached  the very big Kishkinda   which is occupied by a net work of monkeys , which has  shining gate way made of gold  and which has a flag operated mechanically .                                     14.5
“Oh valorous one , as per your earlier vow , be pleased to kill Vali  and achieve this quickly , like providing support to the creeper at   the right time.”                                                                               14.6
When Sugreeva spoke like this to the Rama who was  the  soul of Dharma,  told the following to Sugreeva who was a destroyer of his enemies.                                                                                         14.7
“I can now recognize you  by  the Gajapushpi creeper , which is a distinguishing mark placed on your neck by  Lakshmana .”                                                                                                                                   14.8
“Oh valorous one , you are shining greatly  with the creeper adorning your neck  and you look like the  sun with a garland of stars in the bright sky.”                                                                                           14.9
“Oh monkey , now I will relieve   your fear caused by enmity of Vali  , by release of one arrow at him.  “
                                                                                                                                                                        14.10
“Please show me your enemy in  the form of your brother , , before he is killed and rolls down in the dust of the forest.”                                                                                                                                      14.11
“If you bring Vali  in to my visual range , then there would not be any need for you to complain that  he has gone back alive.”                                                                                                                                  14.12
“You have seen earlier that I pierced  seven Sala trees by one arrow  and by that same strength I will kill  Vali now.”                                                                                                                                                             14.13
“Oh valorous one , I have never spoken a lie earlier  even when I faced pain  fearing that I would go against the tenets of Dharma  and I will also not speak a lie in future.”                                                   14.14
“Leave out your  nervousness for I will fulfill my vow like Indra helped a rice crop to yield by bringing rain at the proper time.”                                                                                                                                            14.15
“Oh Sugreeva , now you make such  sound and a war cry that the Vali adorned with a golden garland  would come out.”                                                                                                                                                 14.16
“When challenged by you , he who wishes to win  and praises strength  will rush  out without any other people  from the city.”                                                                                                                                       14.17
“The challenge of enemies    is like liked by valorous men who know about their valour  especially in front of women.”                                                                                                                                               14.18
When he heard    the words of Rama, the golden hued   Sugreeva shouted   in a loud  and cruel voice , as if he wanted to split the sky.                                                                                                                          14.19
Due to the effect of his sound , cows  were frightened   and lost  their luster , like the virtuous  queens when they come to know about  the failure  of the king.                                                                         14.20
The deer  were started falling down like the wounded horses in the battle and the birds started falling down like the  planets stars  which fall down after   their blessing is exhausted.                                14.21
Sugreeva, the son of Sun, who is well-known for cloud like thundering, and whose vigour is now reinforced by his bravery, then promptly released an oceanic roar like an ocean with splashing waves drifted by gales.                                                                                                                                                 14.22

This is the end of the  fourteenth   chapter  Of  the book  of Kishkinda   of the holy Ramayana   composed by Valmiki  as the  first epic.


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