Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Yudha Kandam 1-16

Yudha  Kandam

The book of war

(The  book starts with gathering of monkey army, going to the ocean   and building a bridge across it nd ends    with the crowning  of Lord Rama as king of Ayodhya,)

1.Rama  appreciates  Hanuman
(Rama appreciates Hanuman as the one who has done the impossible. He higs him as he is not n a position to give him any other thing. Rama becomes thoughtful about the problems in crossing   the ocean with the monkey army.)

  (The Kandam starts with  Rama deciding to go to Lanka  to kill Ravana  and ends with the coronation of Rama in Ayodhya .  The great prayer Adhithya Hrudayam occurs in this . This again is the largest Kandam of Ramayana  almost occupying one fourth space    of the entire book.)

Hearing the words of Hanuman  with great  joy Rama replied  these   words in great love.  1.1
“The outstanding work done by Hanuman is extremely difficult to do and cannot be done even by thought  by anyone else in this world”.                                                                                                   1.2
“I do not see anyone else in this world capable of crossing the great ocean except for Garuda, wind god and Hanuman.”                                                                                                                                            1.3
“The city of Lanka   guarded  by Ravana is extremely difficult to enter even by Devas, Dhanavas, Yakshas , snakes , Gandharwas and Rakshasas  and who can enter and return from there  by one’s own power.”                       
“Who can enter that impossible to enter place  protected by Rakshasas except Hanuman  who is blessed with strength and valour?”                                                                                                                        1.5
“A great service has been  done by Hanuman to Sugreeva  by exhibiting his strength  and valour which is equal to his pace?”                                                                                                                                       1.6
“When the lord deputes one  to do a  job which is difficult to perform  and when that servant  completes it with love . he is a superior being.”                                                                                                            1,7
“That servant who is  deputed to a job , just does what he has been told and nothing more is mediocre.”
“When a Lord deputes a servant to do a job and if he does not do it  in spite of ability to do it is a base servant.”                                                                                                                                                         1.9
“Hanuman has performed the job for which he has been deputed  and has done the job in the best manner and has made Sugreeva happy.”                                                                                                1.10
“By locating and seeing Sita, he has justly protected, the entire Raghu clan, me as well as the very strong Lakshmana.”                                                                                                                                                  1.11
“My already depressed mind is further pained because  I am not able to do anything lovable to this bearer   of dear tidings.”                                                                                                                             1.12
“let me at least hug Hanuman as  in the present circumstances   that is all  that,  I am in a position to do.”                                                                                                                                                                 1.13
Saying this  with great joy all over his senses  Rama hugged Hanuman , who has completed the job with sense of fulfillment .                                                                                                                                   1.14
That best of the Raghu clan after thinking for a while again spoke , with Sugreeva , the king of the monkeys  listening  with attention.                                                                                                         1.15
“The search for Sita has ended in an auspicious way , but thinking of the vast ocean my mind again gets depressed.”                                                                                                                                                   1.16
“How can all the monkeys together  cross to the southern shore of the great ocean which is filled with lot of water.?”                                                                                                                                              1.17
“In spite  of  having been told about the state  of Sita , how is it possible  for me to cross the ocean along with all monkeys?”                                                                                                                                      1.18
After telling this to Hanuman the destroyer of enemies Rama  became drowned in sorrow  and became greatly thoughtful.                                                                                                                                      1.19

     Thus ends the first chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

2. Sugreeva encourages  Rama

(Sugreeva praises Rama and tells him that   he would cross the sea and kill Ravana. He points out the need for building a bridge across the sea.  He is confident that his monkey would crush Ravana ’s Lanka.) 

Then Sugreeva , the destroyer of  sorrows told the following words  to the greatly sorrowing  Rama who was the son of Dasaratha.                                                                                                                                2.1
“Oh valorous one , why are you  sorrowing like this like an ordinary  being? Do not be sad and throw out this sorrow , like an ungrateful one throws away  friendship. “                                                                 2.2
“Having found out her position, Oh Rama, I do not  find that there   is any need of further   sorrow?” 
“Oh Rama , you are intelligent, an expert in sacred books  and a very learned man. Please give up these conjectures  which are reactions of ordinary beings.”                                                                                 2.4
“After we cross that great ocean full of crocodiles , we would enter  the Lanka and definitely kill all enemies.”                                                                                                                                                              2.5
“People who do not have enthusiasm who are depressed   and sad  would always be defeated and   would attain great sorrow.”                                                                                                                               2.6
“All  these monkey leaders   who  are all intelligent  are interested in doing your job and may even enter  fire , if needed, which I know by seeing their joy and I have confirmed it by my reasoning.”               2.7
“You should act in such a way that I would kill all  enemies including the   sinner   Ravana  and bring back Sita.”                                                                                                                                                                       2.8
“You should   construct a bridge so that  we reach that town  which is ruled by the king of Rakshasas.” 
“You please be sure that  once we see the town situated  on the mountain with three  peaks  that  we would  kill Ravana there.”                                                                                                                                 2.10
“Unless we  build a bridge over the horrifying home of Varuna , the city of Lanka cannot be conquered  even by Indra , the devas and Asuras.”                                                                                                           2.11
“Once we build a bridge , Lanka would be  near to us , please understand that  the entire army can cross over to the city  and those monkeys  who can assume any form they like   would become victorious    in the war.”                                                                                                                                                      2.12-2.13
“So king,  leave out this  apprehensive  conduct which destroys all wealth , which in this world reduces the courageous valour of all men.”                                                                                                                 2.14
“When one  approaches any task   with complete boldness , that one would easily get the capability needed   to finish that job.”                                                                                                                             2.15
“Oh very wise one, at this time , it is necessary to be very strong and alert , for even in case of very great and valorous people like you , sorrow about something that is lost leads  to all round loss  and destruction  of all wealth.”                                                                                                                                2.16
“You are the greatest among all intelligent people and a scholar   of all Sastras  and so with assistance and help from people like me , you would defeat the enemy.”                                                                  2.17
“Oh Raghava , I do not  see any one in these three  worlds , who can face you in war , when you hold   the bow and arrow and stand there.”                                                                                                            2.18
“Your job would definitely get done if you entrust it to the monkeys  and after  crossing the perennial sea , you would   save Sita.”                                                                                                                                2.19
“And so leave out this sorrow   and get angry oh lord, for inactive Kshatriyas do not win a war but indignant  ones do.”                                                                                                                                            2.20
“You who have a very sharp mind along with us design a plan to cross over to Lanka after crossing this terrible sea which is the lord  of the  rivers.”                                                                                                 2.21
“Once the army crosses over to there  our victory is definite  and once  I cross  the sea   decide  that you have won.”                                                                                                                                                   2.22
“These valorous monkeys,   who can take any form that they want , by showering rocks, mountains and trees would completely   crush the enemy.                                                                                                    2.23
“I perceive that once we cross this abode  of Varuna , oh destroyer of foes, we would definitely kill Ravana.”                                                                                                                                                                 2.24
“What is the  need for many such  words. It is definite that  you would be victorious and I am able to see good omens which make my heart happy.                                                                                                   2.25

     Thus ends the second chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

3.Hanuman describes strength  of city of Lanka

(Having decided on a war Rama wants to find out the strength and weaknesses of the city. Hanuman  who has wandered all over the city , gives him accurate figures.  He tells him that   once the ocean is crossed they    would be able to win the war.)

Hearing  the meaningful  and very reasonable words of Sugreeva , the son of the Kakustha clan told   Hanuman.                                                                                                                                                           3.1
“By doing penance or by building a bridge or by drying up the ocean, I am capable  of crossing  this ocean.”                                                                                                                                                               3.2
“Please tell me how many  forts are there   in Lanka which are difficult to access, as I desire to know about  it as seen by your eye.”                                                                                                                       3.3
"You had a chance  to have  a glimpse of the size of the army, the fortification-details of the gates and citadels, the way in which Lanka was guarded and the various mansions of Rakshasas . Describe everything in accordance with facts, for you are skilled in all ways.”                                                3.4-3.5
After hearing the of Rama, Hanuman who was the son of wind God , who was an expert in narration , told the following to Rama  once again.                                                                                                         3.6
“Please hear about the entire description  , the method of laying out the forts , the secret defense of the city  and about  the army that protects it.”                                                                                                  3.7
“The Rakshasas are very much attached to Ravana  and that Lanka has great prosperity and a huge ocean surrounds it. The army there is divided as per the vehicles used by a group “, saying this that great monkey , further  narrated .                                                                                                                   3.8-3.9
“That Lanka was full of joy and had lot of elephants in rut. It is full of Rakshasa groups and very many chariots.”                                                                                                                                                         3.10
“The fort has four different gates   each with  very strong closed doors which are   closed using great beams .”                                                                                                                                                            3.11
“There are also very strong  and great machines, which can be used  to  stop the opposing army by shooting catapults at them.”                                                                                                                        3.12
“Very huge and sharp Shatagni  made of iron  are kept ready in hundreds at the gate , which are operated by valorous Rakshasa  warriors.”                                                                                                3.13
“A very great difficult to cross rampart made of gold and inlaid with pearls , gems , Vaidooryas and corals  encircle  that city.”                                                                                                                            3.14
“A very huge auspicious moat filled with cold water  and infested with fierce alligators    and fishes surround the city.”                                                                                                                                         3.15
“On all the four sides there are draw bridges which are very extensive , equipped with many machines and with very many buildings.”                                                                                                                   3.16
“These  draw bridges protect against the  onslaught  of enemy army and those machines throw the approaching army in to the moats.”                                                                                                           3.17
“One of these draw bridges is unshakable . strong firmly fastened , has very many golden pillars and shines with pedestals.”                                                                                                                                3.18
“Oh Rama Ravana by his own nature   is always ready for war and endowed with powers of state  is always alert and inspects his very powerful army.”                                                                              3.19
“So the city of Lanka is unbreakable  fort of Gods which raises  fear in you  and it has four type of fortifications like river, mountain, forest and manmade defenses.”                                                  3.20  
“Oh Rama, Being  situated inside  the sea , it is extremely difficult  to enter  and there is no reach for it to the vessels  and there is no communication to it from other places.”                                                3.21
“The fort being built on a top of the mountain, it can only  be compared to the city of Gods, and having plenty of elephants and horses , it is difficult to win over  Lanka.”                                                      3.22
“With Deep moats  , Sathagunis  and various other  war machines ,Lanka  the city  of the wicked Ravana shines.”                                                                                                                                                             3.23
“Ten thousand Rakshasas   armed with tridents guard its western gate and  it is also  guarded by terrible Rakshasas holding a sword.”                                                                                                                        3.24
“One hundred thousand Rakshasas guard the southern gate  and there are also incomparable army consisting of heroes under four major divisions.”                                                                                      3.25
“One million Rakshasas are gathered  at the eastern gate and there are all experts in various weapons and  hold the sword and the shield.”                                                                                                         3.26
“Hundred million Rakshasas are assembled at the northern gate  riding either on the chariot or horse they are honoured members of great families.”                                                                                     3.27
“In the centre of the city are assembled hundred thousand Rakshasas and also quarter of   difficult to defeat Rakshasas are also there.”                                                                                                            3.28
“I had broken all those draw bridges  and filled up all their moats , I burnt the city of Lanka , pulled down its defensive walls and also destroyed a part of their gigantic army.”                                              3.29
“if somehow or other we cross this  ocean which is the house of Varuna , then we can assume that  the city of Lanka is destroyed by  the monkeys.”                                                                                          3.30
“ When Angadha, Dvividha . Mainda , Panasa  , Nala , the commander in chief Nila are there , what is the need for the rest of army to you. Those monkeys will go inside the great city of Ravana and will search and recover  the daughter  of Mithila after searching in Lanka with its mountains and woods, moats and archways, protective walls and buildings .”                                                                                       3.31-3.33
“So please order quickly to collect all the army  and fix up the holy and suitable   time for all of us to depart.”                                                                                                                                                            3.34

     Thus ends the third  chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

4.Rama with monkey army reaches the ocean

(Rama and Sugreeva plan how to march with that huge army. Speedily marching without rest, they   reached the shores of the ocean. They all sit there   and decided to have a strategy meeting as to how to cross the ocean.)

After hearing the words of Hanuman from the very beginning , the very lustrous Rama who was  really valorous  spoke.                                                                                                                                                   4.1
“I want to inform you  that I will  quickly destroy the city of Lanka  of the very big Rakshasa and I would kill him and this is an oath.”                                                                                                                               4.2
“Oh Sugreeva,   this is the proper sanctified time   to start  and when the Sun is  in the middle , if we start we will get victory.”                                                                                                                                 4.3
“After abducting Sita where can that Rakshasa   go and continue to be alive?  Once Sita hears about the news of our starting she  will  get a hope to live like a sick man who has drunk poison is able to touch the deathless  nectar.”                                                                                                                                              4.4
“Tomorrow the star Uthra phalguni(Uthram) would be in conjunction   with Hastha star   and so , Oh Sugreeva , let us depart today itself  with the army.”                                                                                   4.5
“I am able see good omens which  portend prosperity  and so after killing Ravana  I would come back along with Sita.”                                                                                                                                                   4.6
“The  fact that the upper eyelid of my eyes are  twitching  is proclaiming that desire of my heart of winning  is coming nearer.”                                                                                                                               4.7
Then Rama the follower of Dharma who was well versed  in moral law , who was respected by  the king of monkeys as well as Lakshmana   again spoke as follows.                                                                        4.8
“Let Nila accompanied by hundred  thousand army members   go first so that they can  chalk out the proper path   for us to go.”                                                                                                                                  4.9
“Oh Nila steer the army through forests which have plenty of  fruits as well as roots and is cool  and which has plenty of honey.”                                                                                                                              4.10
“The  Rakshasas  with a bad soul  would try to spoil the fruits, roots and   water found on the way and so you always try to protect them.”                                                                                                                     4.11
“Let the monkey swarms jump in to low grounds, forest forts  and forests  and examine whether any rival army is found in such places.”                                                                                                                  4.12
“let whatever weak and feeble   army persons are there with us stay in Kishkinda because the duty to be discharged  by all of us would be horrifying.”                                                                                                 4.13
“let  hundreds of lion like monkeys of great strength  in hundreds and thousands  lead that army  which resembles an ocean stream.”                                                                                                                             4.14
“Let Gaja , the mountain like Gavaya , the very strong Gavaksha march in the front  similar to majestic bulls leading a herd of cows.”                                                                                                                               4.15
“Let the bull like monkey Rishabha , who is the lord of the monkeys guard  the right side of the marching  monkey army.”                                                                                                                                                       4.16
“Let Gandhamadana who is  as strong as an elephant in rut , position himself  on  the left side of the marching army.”                                                                                                                                                     4.17
“I would march   in the middle of the army riding on Hanuman like  Lord Indra rides on Iravatha , hs elephant steed.”                                                                                                                                                      4.18
“Let Lakshmana who resembles the God of death   march mounted on Angadha  similar    to Lord Khubera , the lord of riches  on the elephant called Sarvabhouma.”                                                            4.19
“Let  the very strong Jambhavan who is the king of bears , Sushena and monkey called   Vegadarsi  protect the middle part of the army.”                                                                                                                 4.20
After hearing the words of Raghava , the commander in chief of the army Sugreeva  and the bull among monkeys gave orders  to the effect to the monkey army.”                                                                          4.21
“Then all those monkeys stood up with a desire to fight  and jumped from caves and tops of the mountains.”                                                                                                                                                            4.22
Then after Rama , the soul of Dharma was worshipped by the king of monkeys as well as Lakshmana  ,  they marched towards   the south along with the army.                                                                    4.23
At that time Rama was surrounded by monkeys  who were as big as elephants  in hundreds, hundred  thousands and in crores.                                                                                                                                   4.24
That great monkey army  was following Rama who was leading them  and all those monkeys under the control of Sugreeva were   greatly rejoicing.                                                                                                   4.25
They all travelled towards south excessively jumping, roaring greatly , jesting cheerfully and singing   songs.                                                                                                                                                                4.26
They ate  scented honey as well as fruits  and were carrying branches of trees with  large number of blossoms.                                                                                                                                                           4.27
All of a sudden seeing each other , they would lift and throw one another , they were hanging as well as flying  and making others fall.                                                                                                                         4.28
Those monkeys who were near Rama used to roar, “Not only Ravana but all Rakshasas  are worthy of killing by all of us.”                                                                                                                                            4.29
The valorous Rishabha, Kumuda and Nila  were clearing the way ahead  for the many monkeys who were marching.                                                                                                                                                             4.30
In the middle the king Sugreeva, Rama as well as Lakshmana were moving along with  very many  strong and big monkeys capable of destroying their enemies.                                                                              4.31
The valorous monkey Satabali  who was accompanied by ten crores of monkeys standing firmly alone  was protecting the monkey army.                                                                                                                  4.32
Kesari, Panasa ,  Gaja  and Arka with hundred crores monkey army  were protecting one flank   of that monkey army.                                                                                                                                                      4.33
Keeping Sugreeva in the front  the bears  led  by Jambavan  and Sushena  were protecting the army  from the rear.                                                                                                                                             4.34
The great monkey Nila who was the commander in chief of the army  who was the best and self controlled was  looking after   the entire army.                                                                                              4.35
Monkeys Valimukha, Prajanga, Jambha  and Rabhasa were moving all over and urging the monkey army   to move forward.                                                                                                                                                  4.36
When these great monkeys who were   proud of their strength were marching ahead like a  waves of a moving ocean    they saw the great Sahaya mountain covered with trees and climbers .              4.37-4.38
Knowing the  order of Rama as well as his great anger ,  scared that army which was like a very large ocean were avoiding  moving near     towns and villages  with  very great speed and making    great roaring sound.                                                                                                                                            4.39-4.40
By the side of the sons of Dasaratha , the valorous elephant like monkeys  were jumping vigorously  like the horse which has been whipped.                                                                                                               4.41
Those auspicious bull like men  who were being carried by the monkeys were shining like the sun and moon coming in contact with other great planets.                                                                                     4.42
Then Rama the soul of dharma after being worshipped by Lakshmana and  the king of monkeys went towards   the southern side along with the army. Then Lakshmana who had meaningful presence of mind  was being carried by Angadha went near Rama  and told him the following very meaningful words.                                         
“After obtaining Vaidehi   and killing of Ravana and having accomplished your purpose  you would definitely return back to the prosperous Ayodhya.”                                                                           4.45
“Oh Rama,  I am seeing greatly auspicious omens both in the sky and earth , which indicate   your success and the pure air is blowing  cool and pleasant along our side.”                                          4.46
“These animals and birds are producing sweet and pleasant sound . All directions are looking cheerful and the Sun is shining bright.”                                                                                                                  4.47
“The planet Venus which is the son of sage Brigu is brightly shining behind you.The pure and clear  Brahma rishi stars(Saptharishi or great bear)  are shining round  the Druva star(Pole star).”
“The royal saint Trisanku who is our grandfather and a great one of the Ikshuvaku dynasty  along with his family priest  is shining with pure radiance.”                                                                                       4.50
“The Vishaka star  which is the holy constellation associated with Ikshuvaku   dynasty is shining clearly without causing any harm.”                                                                                                                      4.51
“The moola star in the south west direction controlling the Rakshasas is under stress being touched by the tail  of a comet.”                                                                                                                                   4.52
“All these things are indicative of the destruction  of the Rakshasas, for at time when  the death aspects the stars being under influence of  bad planets, destruction occurs.”                                             4.53
“The water is tasty and crystal clear , the forest yields fruits, the air is blowing with scent and seasonal flowers have bloomed on trees.”                                                                                                             4.54  
“Oh Lord the army battalions of the monkeys  are shining greatly  and are looking like the army of devas going to war against Taraka and oh gentle brother , and you should become pleased on seeing it.”4,55
Thus spoke Lakshmana cheering up his brother . The excellent army consisting of bears and monkeys  who were like tigers  and whose weapon was their nails and teeth , marched ahead covering the entire earth.                                                                                                                                                          4.56-4.57
The dust raised by the tip of the hand and feet of the monkeys  dimmed the light of the Sun  and also covered the earth covered by mountains and forests  and thus the very huge monkey army   led by Sugreeva  marched day and night.”                                                                                                      4.58-4.59
  When the huge army    were crossing the river , the waves of the river flew on the opposite direction   for  several Yojanas.                                                                                                                                         4.60   
The great army entered through lakes containing clear water  , through mountains filled with trees , through  plain  lands , through the middle  of  forests yielding fruits  and also by the four sides of the fruit yielding forests.                                                                                                                                          4.61   
The great and huge army  marched completely covering the earth  and they all travelled  further with the speed of the wind.                                                                                                                                       4.62
For the sake of Rama all those monkeys who were valorous in war  vied with each other  in showing their joy, strength and valour . And those in the prime of youth  made several type of gestures.4.63-4.64
Some of them walked with great speed , while some others hovered slightly  and those monkeys who live in the forest made sounds “KIla, kila”.                                                                                                   4.65       
Some monkeys lashed their tails , some stamped their feet  and some extending their hands broke trees   and mountains.                                                                                                                                                  4.66
Some of those monkeys who lived  on the mountain climbed the mountain . some produced great sounds  matching the roars of a lion.                                                                                                              4.67
Some by the speed of their thighs were breaking  various type of climbing plants  and some were stretching their limbs and were playing with  rocks and trees.                                                                 4.68
Those monkeys  who were in hundreds of thousands  nay crores of thousands  who had a horrifying look covered the entire earth.                                                                                                                                  4.69
The  great army of monkeys was marching throughout the day and night  and being  commanded by Sugreeva they were all cheerful  and all of them were marching with speed  looking forward to the war and they desirous of the release of Sita did not halt even for a moment  .                                    4.70-4.71
Then those monkeys reached   the Sahaya and Malaya  mountains  which was crowded   with trees and many type of animals.                                                                                                                                        4.72
Rama who was marching along with them saw peculiar forests , rivers and water falls in those Sahaya and Malaya mountains.                                                                                                                                    4.73
The monkeys enjoyed the fruits of Champaka, Tilaka, mango, Praseka, Sindnvaara Timisa and Karaveera trees.                                                                                                                                                                    4.74
The monkeys enjoyed  the Ashoka, Karanja, Plaksa, Nyagrodha, Jambu, myrobalan and Naga trees.  4.75
Various types of forest trees standing on those plateaus shaken by the speedy wind  showered flowers on those monkeys.                                                                                                                                                 4.76
Soft to touch breeze with the incense of sandal blew  and the bees  hummed in the  honey scented  woods.                                                                                                                                                                       4.77
That king of mountain had plenty of dust of metal ores  and that dust and the pollen which were dispersed by  the speedy winds  covered all those monkeys.                                                                      4,78
On the lovely mountain slopes, in full bloom  on all sides were  Ketaki and Sindhuvara trees, the charming Vasanti, Madhavi creepers with flowers full of scent, clumps of jasmine, Chiribila, Madhuka, Vanjula and Vakula, Ranjanka and Tilaka, Nyavriksha all in flower, Mango, Patalike, Kovidara in flower, Muchulinda, Arjuna, Simsapa and Kutaja, Hintala, Timisa, Chirna and Nipa, blue Ashoka, Sarala, Ankola and Padmaka all these trees were crawled in excitement by the monkeys who were delighted.                        
There were joyous l wells with stairs and ponds in that mountain, which were  liked   by chakravaka birds, visited by karandava birds, crowded with water-fowls and cranes, visited by boars and deer, haunted on all sides by bears, hyenas, lions and many dreadful tigers. There were beautiful reservoirs of water with blossoming blue lotuses, water lilies, white water lilies, black water lilies and various other kinds of aquatic flowers.                                                                                                                               4.85-4.87
On that mountain various types of birds were singing .  Monkeys bathed in that water , drank it  and also played in it. Some of them climbed on the mountain and some threw water at each other.        4.88-4.89
There  the monkeys  greatly enthused and with great vigour  plucked  fruits, roots with perfume of nectar  as well as flowers .                                                                                                                                  4.90
Those honey coloured monkeys   on seeing honey combs of great weight , drank honey   from those combs.                                                                                                                                                                     4.91   
Breaking trees, pulling out  creepers  and throwing away excellent mountains  those bull like monkeys marched further.                                                                                                                                                    4.92
Some monkeys well pleased with the honey  that they got from trees shouted  loudly , some were searching for honey and some were drinking honey   excessively.                                                               4.93
The earth was completely filled by those monkeys , like lotus fills the lake and paddy straws filled the field.                                                                                                                                                                      4.94  
At that time the lotus eyed Rama reached the Mahendra mountain   and he climbed to the top of the mountain decorated by many trees.                                                                                                               4.95   
After Rama , the son of Dasaratha climbed up to the top of the mountain , he saw the ocean filled with water  and occupied by turtles  and fishes.                                                                                                   4.96   
Then after crossing systematically the  great Sahaya and Malaya mountain  , they approached the ocean which was making great sound.                                                                                                                       4.97
Rama who greatly attracts and Sugreeva  along with Lakshmana descended and went  speedily to the forest adjoining   the sea .                                                                                                                               4.98
Rama after reaching the difficult to approach and very wide ocean , with rocks underneath which were washed vehemently by the waves spoke these words.                                                                               4.99                                                                                                                            
“Oh Sugreeva , now we have reached the home  of Varuna  and now we should think about how to cross it , which we  had considered earlier.                                                                                                            4.100
“This lord of the rivers does not have   a shore  beyond and this ocean is impossible to cross without a proper strategy.  “                                                                                                                                           4.101
“And so let us have a strategy meet of the army here where we will discuss how the great monkey army will reach the other shore.  “                                                                                                                           4.102
That great Rama who was greatly  sorrowing due to the abduction of Sita  reached   that ocean and ordered  the army  to halt there.                                                                                                                    4.103
“Oh Monkey chief Sugreeva , let all the monkey army enter   this sea shore  and once they reach we would discuss strategies to cross this sea.”                                                                                                   4.104
“Let not any one slip away  in any direction leaving his army unit  and let  the valiant monkeys search and inform us , if there  is any hidden threat  for us.”                                                                                  4.105
When Sugreeva as well as Lakshmana heard the words of Rama , they made the army halt in the sea shore stretched with trees.                                                                                                                                 4.106
That army which was stationed near the ocean  shined like another ocean with   water of the honey red  colour.                                                                                                                                                                     4.107
The chief of monkeys who reached the forest in the shores of the ocean  settled down there anxious   to reach the other shore.                                                                                                                                        4.108
When they got settled there for a halt, the sound of their movement  completely masked the great sound produced by the great ocean.                                                                                                              4.109
That army of monkeys divided in to three  (Monkeys, apes  and bears) which was under the control of Sugreeva was fully dedicated    to the cause of Rama.                                                                              4.110
That monkey army which had reached  that great ocean saw  that great ocean   which was diffused with high velocity wind .                                                                                                                                          4.111
Those monkey chiefs after seeing the ocean, which was the house of Varuna , which was boundless and which was inhabited by several Rakshasas sat there.                                                                                 4.112
The ocean being the home of horrifying crocodiles and alligators ,  appeared like  laughing with its waves carrying foam  at the beginning and at the end of day appeared to laugh and dance.                        4.113
The ocean rose with the moon rise and the image of the moon was reflected in it  and it was full of huge alligators , swift and fierce winds  and was teeming with whales and great fish.                                4.114
That sea, the home  of Varuna was filled with serpents having flaming hoods, plunged with mighty aquatic creatures, abounding in various types of mountains, too difficult to cross, with an inaccessible path, stifling ,   fathomless and an abode of Rakshasas.                                                                            4.115
The ocean whipped up by the  wind moved along with sharks and twirling snakes  rose    and fell. 41.116
Always emitting sparkles and teeming with large water  snakes , this ocean which is the home of enemies of Gods reached    up to Patala.                                                                                         41.117
The ocean looked like the sky and the  sky was comparable to the ocean  and so the sky and ocean  looked without any differences.                                                                                                              41.118
The sky blended with the ocean and the ocean blended with the sky  .The sky had lot of stars and the ocean had lot of gems and even here they are comparable.                                                                     41.119
The sky was  filled with rows of clouds and ocean was filled with  rows of waves  and so there seems to be no difference between the sky and ocean.                                                                                            41.120
The waves of the ocean hit one another and produced a terrific sound which was comparable with  the thunder of the sky.                                                                                                                                             41.121
Those great  monkeys saw that  the sea lashed with winds was  resonating with abundance of precious stones and  the water was  rising high as if enraged in a grip of hurricane, filled with a number of aquatic creatures and tossed by them in the air by seemingly murmuring waves.                                41.122-41.123
Those monkeys stood wonderstruck seeing the ocean  producing huge sound by the movement of water  to and fro.                                                                                                                                                           41.124

     Thus ends the fourth   chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

5.    Rama again  laments  about Sita

(The monkey army is camped on the banks of  the ocean.  Feeling that sita is near but far away   Rama laments about her   absence. Lakshmana consoles him.)

On the northern banks of the ocean  the monkey army was kept stationed , under  the proper safety care   given by Nila   according to the rules.                                                                                                        5.1
The two great monkeys called Mainda  and Dvividha , moved around the army in all directions  for ensuring its safety.                                                                                                                                                   5.2
After parking that army in the shore of lord of the rivers(Ocean) , Rama seeing Lakshmana  who   was  nearby told.                                                                                                                                                               5.3
“People say that over passage  of time the sorrow would vanish  but my sorrow in not being able to see my wife keeps on increasing from time to time.”                                                                                             5.4
“I do not have sorrow that she is far away  nor I have sorrow   that she was abducted but  I am sad  that her age keeps on increasing.”                                                                                                                               5.5
“Oh wind blow in such a way that  you touch my wife and then touch me , because only through you  I can touch her and only through moon that  I can see her.”                                                                             5.6
“When she was   being abducted my darling would have cried , “Oh Lord”  and that thought  is similar to the poison swallowed by me  and it  is burning my entire body.”                                                                5.7
“Day and night my body is  being burnt by the fire of the God of love , and the fuel which is the thought about her  is flaring in to flames  due to the fire of thought about her.”                                                        5.8
“Oh Lakshmana , without you  if I dive down in to the sea , I may fall asleep , because the fire  of thought about her may be quenched slightly by the water.”                                                                                           5.9
“The thought that I myself  who am passionate  and her  with charming thighs are   sleeping on the same earth  would help me to survive.”                                                                                                                        5.10
“Like a paddy field without   water survives by getting wet  with  the  water standing in another field , I also survive , because I hear that   she is also surviving .”                                                                               5.11
“When will I be able to see  Sita  with pretty hips as well as  long  lotus like eyes  as prosperity    after defeating  the enemies.”                                                                                                                                       5.12
“When shall  she see  me  raising  her lotus like face  which has  her  pretty teeth and lips , which will be like a great medicine to my sickness?”                                                                                                               5.13
“When will her closely placed bulging breasts which are like the fruit of the palm tree  and which are delightful and quivering  press me?”                                                                                                                   5.14
“That virtuous one  with dark cornered eyes  is in the middle of Rakshasas and she is not getting a lord to defend her  and is like an orphan , though I am her lord .”                                                                           5.15
“How is my darling  who is the daughter of king Janaka  and daughter-in-law   of Dasaratha sleeping amidst  those   Rakshassis.”                                                                                                                                 5.16
“She would come out  from those  unassailable Rakshassis , like the moon in autumn drives away black clouds.”                                                                                                                                                                  5.17
“Sita who is by nature slender   would further get slender due to her sorrow, due to her not taking food  and due to adverse time and place.”                                                                                                               5.18
“When will I be able to kill that king of Rakshasas    with sharp arrows on his chest  and bring back Sita and leave   out  this mental agony?”                                                                                                                  5.19
“When will  the virtuous Sita who can be compared to daughter of devas , would embrace my neck with anxiety   and shed tears of joy?”                                                                                                                       5.20
“When will I be able to leave away the horrifying sorrow of separation from Sita , like throwing  out of dirty apparel?”                                                                                                                                                    5.21
When the sagacious Rama was wailing like this , the light of the sun started declining and Sun  got prepared to set.                                                                                                                                                  5.22
After Lakshmana consoled Rama  who was sad due to recollection  of the lotus eyed Sita  , both of them performed  the rituals of the dusk .                                                                                                                5.23

     Thus ends the fifth   chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

6.Ravana consults his ministers  about impending invasion.

(Seeing that Rama and his monkey army have come to the bank of the ocean, Ravana calls his ministers for consultations, He gives a very scholarly  introduction to the need for  mutual consultation.)

After seeing the fearful act  done by Hanuman who was equal to Indra , The king of Rakshasas spoke to other Rakshasa   chiefs with a depressed   face.                                                                                            6.1
“He who is only monkey was able to  see Sita and he also entered  destroyed the irresistible    city of Lanka.”                                                                                                                                                                     6.2
“That Hanuman assaulted  the thousand pillared  temple  and killed excellent Rakshasas and the excellent city of Lanka was turned turbid.”                                                                                                      6.3
“May all of you be safe. What shall I do now” What is the next act to be done by us? Please tell me what we are capable of doing , so that prosperity befalls us.”                                                                                   6.4
“The  wise and noble men say that  only through consultations , we can get victory and so I need your opinion about the very strong Rama .”                                                                                                               6.5
“In the world there are three types of people  , excellent , mediocre and base  and I am now going to tell you the merits and demerits of such people.”                                                                                                   6.6
“He who carries out consultations  with  friends or relatives who are equivalent to them or collectively  ministers  before starting an endeavor and make maximum efforts as per fate  is the best among  men.”
“That person who  thinks alone and analyses  the merits and demerits of an endeavor alone , that person is a mediocre man.”                                                                                                                                6.9
“He who does not bother to think about merits and demerits  and only depends on fate and  does a job with gross neglect is a base man.”                                                                                                                   6.10
“People are classified as excellent , mediocre and base   based on the  thought process   based on consultations. “                                                                                                                   6.11
“The wise people say  that  decision arrived  based on consultations  , consensus  and based on the view  of the scriptures  is the best possible decision.”                                                                                            6.12
“That decision arrived after deliberating on several options and consultation  thereafter  , narrowing in to the one which  is  agreeable to all is mediocre.”                                                                                    6.13
“That decision arrived after knowing several opinions, arguing about it  and not bothering about a unified decision is the base   decision.”                                                                                                             6.14
“Therefore, all of you being   wise and intelligent  , please arrive at , a well thought out action which has to be done by me.”                                                                                                                                                6.15
“Rama is coming to the city of Lanka surrounded   by thousands of  monkey warriors , for besieging  us.”
“It is clear that Rama along with his brother and  his army with proper strength   can  cross   this ocean.”
“He may dry up the ocean or take some other fitting option by his valour  and since the enmity with the monkeys have commenced this way , please advise me  as to what action is  good for the city and army.”
     Thus ends the sixth    chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

7.The ministers  flatter  Ravana

(Those foolish ministers point out the great incidents in Ravana ’s life    and the  conquest of Indra by Indrajit and tell him, there is no need to worry as Indrajit alone can solve this problem.)

When the Rakshasas who were very strong, , outside the path of justice and also  foolish , heard these words of the king of Rakshasas they  joined their palms and lifted them up , ignorant of the relative strength of the enemy army .                                                                                                                   7.1
“Oh king , the strength  of our army equipped with iron bars, tridents  and double edged swords  is really very great. Where is the need to worry?”                                                                                              7.2
“You went to the city of Bhogawathi and defeated the serpents there and Khubera surrounded by many Yakshas  living on the Kailasa mountain was defeated in battle  by you.”                                   7.3-7.4
“He who was appreciating himself due to the treaty with Lord Shiva  and who was considered as the protector of the world  and very strong , was defeated by you in battle.”                                           7.5  
“After putting down those Yakshas  and putting them in to prison , You brought this Pushpaka Vimana from the  top of Kailasa mountain.  “                                                                                                         7.6
“Due to fear , Maya  the lord of Rakshasas  desired friendship with you  and that great Rakshasa offered his daughter  in marriage to you.”                                                                                                               7.7
“Another great Rakshasa king called Madhu Khumbinasa , who was the husband of your   sister and who is difficult to defeat  and proud of his valour    was subjugated  by you in war. “                               7.8 
“Oh mighty armed one , you after going to Rasathala , took in to custody the great serpents like Vasuki, Thakshaka , Sankha and Jati.”                                                                                                                       7.9
“Oh killer of enemies , king of Rakshasas. Oh Lord , after fighting for one full year , with  very strong Dhanavas who were valiant and beyond destruction and who obtained great boons , taking only your strength in to consideration,  you took them under your custody  and you also learnt several tricks of illusion from them.                                                                                                                           7.10-7.11
“Oh great one , You also defeated the sons of Varuna, who were strong and valorous and who had army of four divisions.”                                                                                                                                         7.12
“Oh king after entering the great sea of the world of death  which was full of great  alligators  who gave death as punishment  and which had thorny rods of the silk cotton tree , which was turbulent with waves which were the noose of death, which was full of servants  of the God of death Yama in the form of serpents  and  which was difficult   to be conquered due to very  high heat , you churned that sea  in the form of army of Yama and won a victory and you warded off death  and all the world was happy to see   this great battle.”                                                                                                                              7.13-7.15
“The world was filled  like big trees with royal warriors with great valour equal to the courage   king Indra .”                                                                                                                                                                  7.16
“Rama never matches them in properties of valour  or enthusiasm  and you defeated all of them who were difficult to defeat.”                                                                                                                                  7.17
“Why is there a need for exertion on your part. Please stay here. Oh king,  Indrajit fighting alone  can destroy all those monkeys.”                                                                                                                          7.18
“Oh king after performing a matchless Yagna to please Lord Shiva , he (Indrajit)  had obtained , a very rare  boon from him.”                                                                                                                                     7.19
 "Approaching that huge ocean of army of devas, whose fish are lanes and spheres, whose guts thrown asunder are duck-weeds, whose turtles are the elephants, whose frogs are the teeming horses, infested with alligators in the form of (eleven) Rudras (gods of destruction) and (twelve) Adityas (sons of Aditi), with huge serpents in the form of (forty nine) Maruts (wind gods) and (eight) Vasus, having chariots horses and elephants for its volume of waters and the sandy elephants for its volume of waters and the sandy banks its infantry,  Indra  was captured by him and was impelled to come to Lanka (as a prisoner).”                                                                                                                                                      7.20-7.22
“ That Indra who was the killer of Shambhara    and Vruthra was released and went to heaven when your grandfather Brahma  interceded on his behalf.”                                                                                             7.23
“Oh king you send your son Indrajit alone  and he would  bring to an end all the monkey armies including Rama and come back.”                                                                                                                                        7.24
“Oh king, this unsuitable danger has only come from a very ordinary man  and you should not take seriously , for you will easily kill Rama.”                                                                                                          7.25

     Thus ends the seventh    chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

8. That Ministers boast about themselves.

(All the ministers  and chiefs of Rakshasas claim that they alone can kill all monkeys.  One Rakshasas suggests that they can take human form and deceive Rama.)

Then a Rakshasa called Prahastha who is of the colour of the rich blue cloud , who was a commander of his army   with hands folded in salutation spoke .                                                                                            8.1
“Devas, Dhanavas, Gandharwas , Ghosts , birds and serpents  are not strong enough to attack you   and why are you getting worried about two men?”                                                                                                 8.2
“All of us in good faith neglected that Hanuman, who deceived us  and if I am alive that monkey cannot  further go alive.”                                                                                                                                                      8.3
“If you give me an order , I would make the earth consisting of mountains and  forests extending up to the sea , bereft of monkeys.”                                                                                                                                8.4
“Oh night walker , I will see to it that you are protected from monkeys  and not even a little sorrow would come to you because of  mistakes committed by you.”                                                                       8.5
A Rakshasa called Durmukha spoke    with great anger “This molestation done by him should never be tolerated.”                                                                                                                                                                  8.6
“I am extremely sad that the city and private apartments of the king of Rakshasas was attacked   by that king of monkeys.”                                                                                                                                                      8.7
“At this moment  , all alone I would  destroy all the monkeys  whether they hide in the huge ocean or the great sky or the Rasathala. “                                                                                                                             8.8
The very powerful Vajradamshtra   with great anger  took  a horrifying iron club with flesh attached   to it  and spoke as follows.                                                                                                                                           8.9
“ The pitiable Hanuman and the saintly Rama along with Sugreeva and Lakshmana   are  not a very great difficult to conquer for me.”                                                                                                                                 8.10
“Now itself I will kill Rama, Lakshmana  along with Sugreeva    with this iron club and return back immediately.”                                                                                                                                                        8.11
“Oh king , if you desire , kindly hear some more of my words . Anyone who is skilled in strategies and does not have lassitude can kill his enemies easily.”                                                                                      8.12
“Oh king of Rakshasas, thousands of Rakshasas  who can take any desired form , who are valorous , who are appalling, who are very huge  and  who have firm resolve , can assume the form of human beings  and without embarrassment can  approach Rama   and tell him as follows.”                                   8.13-8.14
“We have been sent here by your younger  brother Bharatha . He is in the process of collecting his army and would come here soon.”                                                                                                                         8.15
“Then we will go there with speed   carrying , tridents, javelins , maces  as well as bow and arrows.”  8.16
“Standing in groups on the sky , we would kill the monkey army  with mighty rain of stones and missiles and send them to  the world of death.”                                                                                                             8.17
“If Rama and Lakshmana   fall  in our trap softly , surely they would have to give away their soul and go away.”                                                                                                                                                                       8.18
The valorous Nikumbha who was the son of Khumbakarna spoke with great anger to Ravana who tormented  the world .                                                                                                                                          8.19
“All of  you here stay with our great  king. I would alone kill Rama  and Lakshmana ,and Sugreeva, Hanuman and  all other monkeys.”                                                                                                                     8.20
Then a mountain like Rakshasa called Vajrahanu , who was  very angry spoke licking his lips   by his toungue.                                                                                                                                                                    8.21
“You all please do your jobs without any worries whatsoever.  I alone will go and eat away the entire monkey army  and so you can play happily  and drink liquor .”                                                           8.22-8.23
“I alone will kill Sugreeva, Lakshmana , Angadha, Hanuman, Rama who is the war elephant.”             8.24

     Thus ends the eighth     chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

9.Vibheeshana advices   Ravana

(Vibheeshana the younger brother of Ravana then points out the enemy’s stong points and advices Ravana to return  Sita. Without answering him Ravana goes to his home.)

Then, Nikumbha, Rabhasa, the exceedingly strong Surya satru, Suptaghna, Yanjakopa, Mahaparsva and Mahodara, the unconquerable demons Agniketu and Rasmiketu, then the powerful son of Ravana named Indrajit endowed with great energy, Prahasta and Virupaksha, Vajradamshtra who was extraordinarily strong, Dhumarksha and Atikaya and the demon by name Durmukha, carrying iron clubs, sharp-edged spears, spikes, darts, javelins and axes, bows with excellent arrows and swords shining like a vast expanse of water, and who were all extremely enraged, and flaming as it were with glory, those demons rose up and told  Ravana .                                                                                                            9.1-9.5
“We will now itself kill Rama, Sugreeva and Lakshmana  and that pitiable Hanuman who attacked  the city of Lanka.                                                                                                                                                         9.6
Vibheeshana  with folded hands calmed down all those Rakshasas , who already had seized   their weapons  and after making them sit down spoke.                                                                                         9.7
“Oh brother , only that which cannot be accomplished by the three methods(Conciliation, gift and creating dissension) should be  accomplishing by show of power according to wise men”.                    9.8
“The valorous acts bring results only in case of indifferent people, people who have been attacked by enemy and those struck down by fate .”                                                                                                            9.9
“How do you wish to attack  the famous Rama ,who is not distracted, who has won over his anger and who is difficult to be conquered.”                                                                                                                     9.10
“Hanuman speedily crossed the horrifying  ocean which is the lord of all rivers  and can this act be imagined by anyone in the world.”                                                                                                                   9.11
“Oh night travelers, it is extremely difficult to measure the power of the enemy  and without knowing that, they cannot be treated  hastily  with contempt  by any means.”                                                        9.12
“Previously what wrong did Rama do to the king of Rakshasas, due to which his famous wife was abducted from Janasthana.”                                                                                                                               9.13
“Khara who has exceeded his  limits was of course  killed by Rama in a war  because lives are to be definitely protected by all living beings according to their strength.”                                                         9.14
“Due to Vaidehi being here,  a great fear has been created among us . It is better to return her  who was brought  so that quarrel due to animosity could be brought to an end. “                                                   9.15
“It is not proper to create enmity without any purpose with Rama  who is valorous and is the follower of Dharma  and let Maithili  be given back to him.”                                                                                              9.16
“Before this city which has elephants , horses   ,  very many gems is shattered by his arrows, let us give back Maithili to him.”                                                                                                                                             9.17
“Much before   the  great horrifying  big monkey army   which  cannot be defeated attacks Lanka , let us return back Sita.”                                                                                                                                                    9.18
“Unless the beloved wife of Rama is returned back , the city of Lanka along with its valorous Rakshasas would perish .”                                                                                                                                                         9.19
“I am pleading with you due to our relationship  and so please act on my words which are beneficial to you, and which are truthful and so please let Maithili be given away.”                                                       9.20
“"Before Rama the son of the king discharges for your destruction by  the very strong and unfailing arrows equal to the rays of autumnal sun which have  provided with new heads and shafts, let Sita be given away to Rama.”                                                                                                                                           9.21
"Immediately give up  your anger, which destroys your  happiness and Dharma . Resort to Dharma , which leads   to  joy and fame. Become placid so that we may live with our sons and relatives. Let Sita be given away to Rama."                                                                                                                                            9.22
After hearing the words of Vibheeshana, the king of Rakshasas left all of them and entered in to his home.                                                                                                                                                                        9.23

     Thus ends the ninth     chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

10.Vibheeshana advices Ravana  again.

(Next day Vibheeshana approaches Ravana in his own house and again requests him to return back Sita.Ravana gets angry and sends him away.)

Vibheeshana  arrived at early dawn  to settle matters of Dharma  to the house of the king of Rakshasas for doing an important job.                                                                                                                                  10.1
Ravana ’s palace was looking like a chain of mountains  and elevated like a mountain peak  and well divided wide apartments where great  people lived.                                                                                      10.2
They were  occupied  by great ministers  who were intelligent and loved by all . That house was guarded on all sides by Rakshasas who were trustworthy and efficient.                                                                     10.3
The Wind in that place was filled by the smell of breath of elephants in rut , was tumultuous being filled by the sound of great conches  and was echoing with the sound of musical instruments.                       !0.4
Being populated  by multitude women, its   principal passages were  filled with the sound of their talk , and was with golden turrets which were excellently decorated.                                                                   10.5
“It was like the palace of Gandharwas and Maruths  and was filled with collection of jewels  and looked like a palace of passionate people.”                                                                                                                    10.6
Vibheeshana with great luster  entered the palace of his elder brother who was shining like a Sun entering in to a huge cloud.                                                                                                                                  10.7 
He heard  the sound of the  holy   chants of purification  recited by  experts in Vedas , which wished victory to his brother.                                                                                                                                             10.8
That Vibheeshana with great strength  saw Brahmins who were experts in Vedic chants being worshipped  and being given pots filled with curd, ghee  and unbroken rice along with flowers.         10.9
Vibheeshana who was shining  due to his own luster  and who was being worshipped by  other Rakshasas, saluted  the very strong  Ravana the younger brother of Khubera who was sitting on the throne .                                                                                                                                                                   10.10
After he   who was an expert in ritual formalities  did the customary formalities , he occupied a golden throne as indicated by the   eye of  the king.                                                                                                   10.11
In the presence of ministers as well as in private audience  , he spoke to the great soul Ravana , words which are beneficial, meaningful and reasonable.                                                                                         10.12
Vibheeshana   who could discriminate between good and bad things , sought  the favour of his elder  brother  by telling soothing words  and spoke in consonance with the place and time.                        10.13
“Oh killer of enemies , from the time  Sita reached here, inauspicious omens are  being seen buy us.”  
 "Even if the sacrificial fire is fed with oblations after  uttering a proper set of Mantras (Spiritual texts), the fire is not flaring up well, emitting sparks, its flames are enveloped in smoke and are coming forth, polluted with soot."                                                                                                                                10.15
“Serpents are being found near the altar of the sacrificial fire as well as near places of Vedic rituals , ants are  found in the Havya , which has to be offered in sacrificial fire.”                                            10.16
“Cow’s milk is getting curdled and great elephants are  not going in rut  and horses are neighing miserably and are  not eating grasses.”                                                                                               10.17
“Donkeys, Mules  and camels are shedding tears and are losing their hairs and are not getting  cured despite  being medically treated.”                                                                                                                10.18
“Crows in groups are crying in a cruel manner  from all directions  and are seen at the top of towers and assembly of men.”                                                                                                                                           10.19
“Vultures are flying over the city in circles  and inauspiciously approach   during  both during dawn and dusk.”                                                                                                                                                               10.20
“Meat eating animals are found to cry loudly at the city gates  with a voice like thunder.”            10.21
“Oh valorous brother, when things are happening this way , an  atonement is appropriate and I feel that you have to return Vaidehi to Rama.”                                                                                                         10.22
“Oh king , if you think that I am talking all these because of my  infatuation or greed , even then you should not find fault with me.”                                                                                                                     10.23
“These bad omens are being seen all over the city by Rakshasas  as well as Rakshassis   and also by members of your private apartment.”                                                                                                       10.24
“All your ministers are  not giving this advice to you  and I would certainly tell you whatever I have seen or heard  and you should take appropriate   action regarding all  these.”                                          10.25
Thus a brother Vibheeshana  spoke to his brother Ravana  who is the greatest of Rakshasas  in between several ministers.”                                                                                                                                         10.26
After having heard these beneficial , very meaningful , soft , reasonable and  suitable for past, present and future  words , with great anger in reply he uttered the following.                                             10.27
“I do not see   fear from any  one? Raghava will never get back  Maithili and even if the elder brother of Lakshmana    comes along  with Indra , for a war with me , he would not be able to stand before me.”
The ten faced one who was greatly strong and very greatly valorous , who has previously destroyed the army of devas  after saying this sent away his brother Vibheeshana who was telling suitable words.10.29

     Thus ends the tenth     chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

11.Ravana summons the general council

(Not satisfied with the advice he got, Ravana summons  a general council  of Rakshasas. All people including Vibheeshana   and Prahastha arrive for  attending the council.)

That sinful king got further weak   being  passionately loving Maithili , despising the kind hearted friend as well as by his sinful action .                                                                                                                            11.1
Since the prospect of war was coming very near , Ravana wanted to do further consultations with his friends    and ministers.                                                                                                                                       11.2  
He mounted the great chariot covered by gold and studded with valuable gems   and drawn by trained horses.                                                                                                                                                                    11.3
Having mounted that  best chariot , that great Rakshasa with ten necks  started moving towards his council   making the rattling sound of  a great cloud.                                                                                    11.4
Heroes holding sword and shield  and Rakshasas armed with all weapons , marched in front of the chariot of king of Rakshasas.                                                                                                                              11.5
With very many  unpalatable shapes  and wearing different type of ornaments , the Rakshasa marched surrounding him from sides as well as behind .                                                                                             11.6
Great charioteers in chariots ,  elephants in rut and horses in different gaits  speedily rushed after   the ten necked one.                                                                                                                                                    11.7
Some were Holding mace  and iron rod , some  holding  Shakthi  and  Javelin  and some   were wearing axes and other type of tridents .                                                                                                                       11.8
Then thousands of trumpets gave rise to huge sound  and several conches produced tumultuous sounds.
Then that great chariot  with an auspicious look making sounds by moving wheels  soon, entered the royal avenue.                                                                                                                                                     11.10
The spotlessly  pure white Umbrella which was held over the  head  of the king of Rakshasas shined like a full moon.                                                                                                                                                           11.11
Two white cowry fans  made of yak tails and having handle made out  crystal and   with golden fringes  were also shining.                                                                                                                                                 11.12 
All the Rakshasas who were standing on the land,  bowed their head and saluted the king of Rakshasas riding on a chariot.                                                                                                                                                11.13
Praised by the Rakshasas who were  cheering him to get victory , that harasser of enemies   approached the council hall .                                                                                                                                                    11.14
Ravana with great splendour, with his body shining brightly, entered that assembly hall, which was paved with gold and silver, whose interior was wrought with pure crystal, carpeted with skins of deer, guarded by six hundred evil spirits, ever shining and well-constructed by Visvakarma.          11.15-11.16
Ravana occupied a great seat in that  hall , embedded by Vaidoorya gems , covered with a skin of Priyaka and furnished with pillows.                                                                                                                           11.17
After that the king Ravana ordered  his  emissaries who were valorous “Since I know what the enemies are doing   there is a great work before us and so call  all the Rakshasas quickly.”                            11.18
Hearing the words of the Rakshasa king , they went round the entire Lanka , in to gardens and inside bed rooms and in to every house  without fear  and summoned Rakshasas    from everywhere.    11.19-11.20
Some Rakshasas came mounted on pretty chariots,  some came  on horses , some came on elephants    and some others walked down.                                                                                                                    11.21
The city became very crowded    with the coming of Rakshasas  on chariots, horses and elephants   and appeared like birds rushing fast in the sky.                                                                                                 11.22
Parking horses, elephants and various kinds vehicles like chariots, they entered by foot the assembly-hall as a mountain-cave is entered by lions.                                                                                                      11.23
After touching the feet of the king, in return   honoured by him , some of them sat on seats , some on mats and some on bare grounds.                                                                                                                11.24
As per the order of the king they all assembled   in the council hall and took position around the king  as  per  their rank.                                                                                                                                                11.25
Ministers who were scholars  who were well versed in deciding action and  those endowed with good qualities, those who knew everything , king's ministers who could perceive things by their power of intellect and warriors in hundreds, gathered according to their importance in that assembly hall, which was wrapped with gold, for telling their opinions  on all actions.                                             11.26-11.27
That great soul Vibheeshana who was famous  got in to an auspicious and very broad chariot, with several of its part being made in gold   and which was  drawn by  good horses,  and drove towards the council hall of Ravana, his elder brother.                                                                                                11.28
Then that younger brother Told the king his name saluted him by touching his feet .Sukha and Prahastha   did also like wise and Ravana allotted   them all suitable seats.                                                       11.29
The aroma of the best aloe and sandal paste painted on the persons as also of garlands worn round the necks of those Rakshasas  duly adorned with ornaments of gold and gems and attired in excellent clothes diffused all round in the assembly-hall.                                                                                   11.30
The assembled Rakshasas  there did not shout  loudly. None told a lie  or even talked vociferously. All of them were ready for action and were endowed with terrible energy. All of them sat, perceiving their lord's face.                                                                                                                                                  11.31
In  that assembly Ravana who was self willed  shined with extreme brilliance  among all those  Rakshasas who have assembled there  and appeared like Indra among the Vasus .                                      11.32

     Thus ends the eleventh   chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

12.In the general council Khumbakarna   speaks.

(Ravana   briefs his people about past events and tells them that he is passionately  in love with  Sita.  Khumbakarna says that what he has done is wrong, but he  will do all his best to defeat Rama and his army if needed.)

Then Ravana who was the most eminent in the assembly seeing the gathering instructed Prahastha the commander in chief of the  Rakshasa  army.                                                                                                    12.1
“Oh commander , you are instructed to give orders to the  warriors    of well trained four branches of   the army  to take up the   job of protecting the city.                                                                                     12.2
Then Prahastha who had a steadfast mind , with a view to follow the command of the king , stations his whole army outside and inside the city.                                                                                                       12.3
After stationing the army  for the defense of the city  as per   the king’s order , Prahastha  sat in front of the king and spoke .                                                                                                                                         12.4
“Your army which  is as strong as you,  has been stationed inside and outside the city  and so with a mind without any distraction , do whatever is needed by you.                                                              12.5
That king who was interested in the welfare of his country , after hearing the words of Prahastha , for obtaining pleasure spoke amidst his friends.                                                                                            12.6
“When you are in difficult situations , regarding  Virtue , pleasure and wealth , you are able to have  a correct idea about your likes and dislikes, pain and pleasure , gain and loss, and advantages and disadvantages.”                                                                                                                                                12.7       
“All  actions of mine  have been undertaken by me were done with great attention and never in vain.”
“I would attain great prosperity because of the cooperation shown by all of you , like Indra gets prosperity through cooperation of  moon, planets, devas    and stars.”                                                12.9
“I am intending to tell all of you again though I had not informed Khumbakarna    earlier because  he was asleep.”                                                                                                                                                            12.10
“The very strong Khumbakarna , who can wield all weapons  has been sleeping for  the past   six months  and now he has woken up.”                                                                                                                        12.11
“Sita the darling wife of Rama and daughter of Janaka was brought from Dandakaranya , which is frequented by Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                           12.12
“That lazy one does not want to climb in to my bed  and I am of the opinion in the three worlds , there is no one else like her. “                                                                                                                                    12.13
“She has slim waist, well developed hips , has a face like autumn moon , resembles a golden doll , gentle and is like a doll of illusion created by Maya.”                                                                                         12.14
“Seeing that matchless  one  keep her red  and very soft feet , evenly placing on  the ground , my lust has  been kindled.”                                                                                                                                                12.15
“Seeing her flame like looks , her luster like the sun, prominent nose  and  pretty eyes , I have become weakened  and have become owned  by passion.”                                                                                  12.16
“I am  polluted by passion , anger and  joy  which makes me pale  and I have been suffering from  sorrow ever since.”                                                                                                                                      12.17
“That  large eyed one begged   for one year time from me , expecting   that she would see  her husband Rama  and I accepted the auspicious request of that pretty eyed one  and I have become weary due to lust for her , like a horse  running on the same path continuously.”                                      12.18-12.19
“How will those monkeys living in the forest  or the  sons of Dasaratha cross this  unassailable  sea which is crowded by many sea animals?”                                                                                                           12.20
“But one single monkey  has caused great destruction  here but the result of their action is  unpredictable .Please tell me what is in your mind.”                                                                           12.21
"We have no fear with human beings. Even so, this  matter can be discussed. Earlier, together with you, I conquered the devas in a battle between the devas and Rakshasas. You also conquered them. Knowing the whereabouts of Sita,  that Rama and Lakshmana together with Sugreeva and other monkeys have  reached the other shore of the ocean."                                                                                       12.22-12.24
“Please tell me a plan   , which is legal and  by which Sita need not be handed over and Rama and Lakshmana are  killed.”                                                                                                                              12.25
“I do not find anybody in this world has the capacity  to cross this ocean along with the monkeys and so surely victory will be mine.”                                                                                                                       12.26
Hearing that appeal from him which was laced only with passion , Khumbakarna   spoke the following words with great anger.                                                                                                                               12.27
“You should have properly thought over before bringing Sita   who was accompanied   by Rama  and Lakshmana  , to this place , for even Yamuna at its starting point fills a depression on earth with water.”
“Oh king, it would have been greatly proper  , if you have done    this consultation before  doing    that  act.”                                                                                                                                                                12.29
“Oh ten faced one , when a king does the affairs of the kingdom  as per law of justice would not repent later .”                                                                                                                                                            12.30
“Unplanned actions lead to negative   results  and get spoiled , like oblations without devotion gets negative results.”                                                                                                                                         12.31
“ He wants to do actions  which ought be done earlier at  a later time , would be doing  rituals done after   death  not according to Vedic percepts.”                                                                                                12.32
“Seeing superior strength in acts done without consistency  and seeking his weak point is like the swans seeking a  clearing in the Krouncha mountain.”                                                                                   12.33
“You have undertaken to do this  job without proper thought  and by luck  Rama did not kill you , for a piece of meat mixed with poison would kill the one who eats  it.”                                              12.34
“Oh blemish less one ,  therefore by killing your enemies I will neutralize , the dishonorable act of yours   towards   them.”                                                                                                                                       12.35
"O, night traveler ! I shall kill  your enemies. I shall fight  in this war  with those  two brothers, even if they are Indra and the sun-god or the god of fire and the wind-god or Khubera  and Varuna .”12.36
“With a mountain sized  body, sharp teeth  and carrying huge weapons , I will roar and attack them and kill even if they are  Indra.”                                                                                                                       12.37
“Before that   Rama kills me with his arrow , I shall definitely drink his blood  , so please get  cheerful.”
“I will bring pleasure to you   by killing those sons of Dasaratha  and also  fetch victory to you.  After killing Rama and Lakshmana , I will eat away all   the monkeys .”                                                    12.39
“Enjoy passion, drink liquor  to the extent of your desire  without any anxiety ,. I will send Rama to the abode of Yama  and Sita would be  yours forever.”                                                                           12.40

     Thus ends the twelfth    chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

13.Mahaparswa  suggests force  and Ravana answers

(Mahaparswa says that there is nothing wrong in possessing sita with force. Ravana tells him a curse which was given to him by Brahma   , which would make his head break in to thousand pieces , if he takes  possenion of any lady with force.)

Noticing that Ravana was very angry   , a   very strong Rakshasa  called Mahaparswa, thought for a moment  and told the  following words.                                                                                                    13.1
“Indeed after reaching the forest , which is inhabited by wild  beasts  and if a ma does not drink  honey(Liquor) , he  is childish.”                                                                                                                   13.2
“Oh destroyer of enemies , when you are lord of all beings , who can be a lord to you? So you step  down on the heads  of your enemies and then  enjoy with Sita.”                                                        13.3
“Forcibly like a cock  behave with her , and charge and again charge   that Vaidehi    and enjoy her.”
“After you get satisfaction to your passion, why bother about what will  happen latter? All that comes and that which is yet to come would be prevented by that.”                                                             13.5 
“Kumbhakarna along with our strong Indrajit   is  capable of opposing    even  the God Indra?”  13.6
“After  giving gifts, consoling ,creating competition  are tried and  not working , I like getting this done  through punishment .”                                                                                                                                13.7
“Oh very strong one, without  any doubt we will take in to our custody all those enemies of yours who manage to reach here.”                                                                                                                                    13.8
When spoken like  this by Mahaparswa, the king Ravana   honoured him    and spoke as follows addressing him.                                                                                                                                                 13.9
“Oh Mahaparswa, please know about a little secret about me . I shall tell you about it , which occurred to me a long time ago.”                                                                                                                                 13.10
“Once when I was going to the home of Grandfather(Brahma), I happened to see  a  deva maiden called Punjikasthala  who was like a lightning hiding in the sky.”                                                                     13.11
“She was undressed and forcibly   enjoyed by me  and she like a crumpled lotus flower went  to  the home of lord Brahma .”                                                                                                                              13.12
“I think that this matter was informed    to the great soul Lord Brahma  and then the greatly enraged  Brahma told me these words.”                                                                                                                 13.13
“From today onwards, if you make love to a women forcibly , without any doubt  , your head would break    into  hundred pieces.”                                                                                                                 13.14
“Due to the great effect  caused by this curse , I am not forcibly making Sita , the daughter  of Janaka  mount in to my bed.”                                                                                                                                13.15
“I have the force  of the wind and speed of the ocean  and without knowing this the son of Dasaratha  is attacking me. “                                                                                                                                          13.16
“Who would like to address  me  who is like a  lion  sleeping in a  mountain cave , which would make  me like death?”                                                                                                                                                 13.17
“That Rama has not seen my arrows   which are like serpents and which have two toungues and that is why he is marching against me in  war.”                                                                                                13.18
“Very quickly  by making use of hundreds of arrows of mine which are like Vajrayudha  I will burn Rama like  tormenting an elephant with fire brands .”                                                                                 13.19
“With my great army I will destroy the army of Rama , just like  rising sun destroys the    shining of stars.”                                                                                                                                                         13.20
“Neither the thousand eyed  Indra nor Varuna  can defeat me in battle  and once upon a time this city of Lanka was captured in a battle from Khubera  by me.”                                                                     13.21

     Thus ends the thirteenth    chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

14.Vibheeshana advices Ravana and other Rakshasa  chiefs.

(Vibheeshana criticizes the action of his   brother and requests him to return Sita so that all Rakshasas are not destroyed.)

Hearing the words of the king of  Rakshasas and the roar of Kumbhakarna , Vibheeshana  told the following useful   words   to the king of Rakshasa.                                                                             14.1
“Who has tied unnecessarily this gigantic  serpent called  Sita , whose  bosom is the  hood , , whose  anxiety is the poison , her sweet smiles are the fangs  and whose five  fingers   are the five hoods ., around your  neck”                                                                                                                                  14.2
“Before the mountain sized monkeys whose weapons are their teeth and nails descend on Lanka , please give back Maithili   to the son of Dasaratha.”                                                                       14.3
“Before the arrows of Rama which are equivalent to Vajrayudha come with a speed of wind  and  cuts off the heads of the Rakshasa chiefs , please give back  Maithili    to   the son of Dasaratha.”            14.4 
"Oh king,  neither Kumbhakarna or Indrajit and either Mahaparsva or Mahodara and either Nikumbha or Kumbha or even Atikaya can withstand Rama in  a battle."                                                           14.5
“Even if you are protected by the sun or Maruths  or  you are seated on the lap of Indra or even God of death  or even if you have penetrated in to heaven or hell. The arrows of Rama  would not spare  you.”
After hearing the words of Vibheeshana   Prahastha replied, “We have never felt any fear  and we do not have any fear   with devas   or  Rakshasas at any time .”                                                              14.7
"When   we do not have  any fear from Yakshas  or Gandharwas   or eminent Nagas  or from birds and reptiles on the field of battle,  how can we have fear from Rama, the son of a human king at any time in battle?"                                                                                                                                                          14.8
Hearing the words of  Prahastha   which were  not good    for  the  king, Vibheeshana  who had a stable mind and was firm in following Dharma , Artha and Kama   spoke these very meaningful  words”  14.9
“Oh Prahastha  , the actions that the king or Mahodhara  or Kumbhakarna told about Rama  are impossible to be implemented and is like wicked people     trying to go to heaven.  “         14.10
“ How can   the killing of Rama  who is an expert  in war  by you Prahastha  or all other Rakshasas happen , for how can a person without  even a piece of wood  cross an ocean.”                14.11
“In front of Rama who considers Dharma as important , who is a great charioteer  , and an important king of the Ikshuvaku dynasty , even Devas would feel bewildered   and so how can ordinary people accomplish anything?”                                                                                                                    14.12
"Oh, Prahastha , The sharp arrows discharged by Rama, which are furnished with eagle 's feathers and are dangerous to be approached and since   they  have not yet penetrated, your body,  you indulge in a boastful talk."                                                                                                                                 14.13
"The sharp and fatal arrows, discharged by Rama with the speed of a Vajrayudha , have not yet penetrated, duly splitting your body. That is why; you are indulged in a boastful talk."  14.14
"Ravana or Triseersha, with great strength or Nikumbha the son of Kumbhakarna or Indrajit or yourself are not capable to withstand Rama, who is equal in strength to Indra, in battle."          14.15
"Even Devantaka or Narantaka or Atikaya or Atiratha of very big  proportions, or Akampana who is  as mighty as an ocean are not capable to withstand against Rama in battle."                      14.16
“Now our king is addicted to several bad habits , is rude by nature and his friends have become his enemies  and he is  now  acting without any consideration     for   the destruction of Rakshasas.14.17
“You also please lift the king  and release him from the ties of terrific and exceedingly strong snake  of boundless proportions  and having one thousand heads.”                                                                   14.18
“It is time that all his friends , who are getting full favours from him, should collect together and if needed  pull him back by catching his hair  because he is in the clutch of very strong evil spirits.”  14.19
  "This Ravana, for his part who is going to be enveloped forcibly by an ocean in the shape of Rama - which is full of excellent water  and who is about to fall into the mouth of Patala  in the shape of Rama, is fit to be rescued united by you."                                                                                                         14.20
"I am telling these right and wholesome words, to   this city and the Rakshasas  inhabiting  it as well as to the king and his well wishers. Let Sita be given back to the son of the king."                               14.21
“He alone is a good minister, who after understanding the strength of others   as well as our own strength , judges our own present position, possible   decrease  or increase  and tells his opinion    in the interests of the king.”                                                                                                                              14.22

     Thus ends the fourteenth  chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

15.Indrajit criticizes  Vibheeshana

(Indrajit makes  fun of Vibheeshana  and says he is a coward. He feels   that he can easily kill Rama and his monkey army.  Vibheeshana gives a fitting answer.)

After hearing carefully the words of Vibheeshana who was equivalent  to Bruhaspathi in intelligence
The great Indrajit  who was a chief of army told.                                                                                  15.1
“Oh young father , why are you talking these meaningless   and  greatly fearful words ?Even a person who is not born in our race at this time  would  not speak such words and do such things.”              15.2
“This youngest father  is the only  male in our race who lacks , strength , valour, fighting spirit , courage  , prowess and also  luster.”                                                                                                                         15.3
“Who are after all these human beings who are the sons of the king? They can easily be killed by   one ordinary Rakshasa among us  and oh coward, why are you frightening us?”                                 15.4
“Once I threw on the floor the lord of devas who was supposed to be lord of the three worlds  and all the deva groups who were there  at that time fled in different directions.”                                      15.5
“I also threw the Iravatha elephant which was making   discordant  sounds on the floor and then by extracting its teeth , I made   all the deva groups greatly scared.”                                                      15.6
“How is that  I who had destroyed the pride of the devas  and who made the life of asuras miserable ,  can become incapable   of   conquering the ordinary sons of a king  who are mere human beings?”  15.7
Hearing those words of  Indrajit who was equal to Indra and very difficult to be conquered  and who was greatly   powerful , Vibheeshana who was best among those who carry weapons  spoke the   following very meaningful words.                                                                                                                                   15.8
“Oh Lad , you do not have stability  in providing advice.  You are a child and  have not attained maturity  and so you are prattling many words  which are without any meaning and which will lead to your destruction.”                                                                                                                                                     15.9
“Oh Indrajit, you are not accepting words  from me indicating destruction of Ravana from Rama due to ignorance , as in the name of being a son  of Ravana you are his enemy.”                                         15.10  
“Due to your ignorant brain you are  fit to be killed,. No he who brought  a reckless  boy  like  you who is greatly adventurous  to this assembly   near the great ministers is fit to be killed.”                         15.11
"Oh Indrajit, You are a stupid, lacking stability , without humility, rude natured; unwise; evil person, inexperienced and highly evil minded. You are speaking in this manner because you are an immature boy".                                                                                                                                                                 15.12
“In battle who can bear the arrows  which are discharged  by  Rama which are similar to the staff of God of death  and which has the luster of the staff  of Brahma and take the form of god of death.” 15.13
“Oh king let us offer riches  , gems , good jewels , excellent cloths  , bright coloured gems and Goddess like Sita to  Rama and then live a life without anguish.”                                                                       15.14

     Thus ends the fifteenth  chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

16 Ravana Talks harshly to Vibheeshana  and he leaves him.

(Ravana shouts  at  Vibheeshana and calls  him as a traitor. Unable to tolerate this Vibheeshana decides to desert him.)

Hearing the words of Vibheeshana which were stable , suitable and aimed at  welfare , Ravana driven by the God of death spoke these harsh words.                                                                                                      16.1
“One can live with an enemy and even a very poisonous snake but cannot live with an enemy  who is taking like a friend.”                                                                                                                                                16.2
“Oh Rakshasa, I know about the behaviour of all men belonging to our clan  and all these men of the clan rejoice at the bad luck of the members of their own clan.”                                                                    16.3
“Oh Rakshasa , the people of the clan  insult and humiliate the members of their own clan who is a great leader , an educated one , a person following Dharma  and one who is valorous.”                                   16.4
“These horrible members of our own clan have concealed thoughts  and treacherous minds  and these bad ones rejoice  at the  sufferings of the members of their own clan.”                                                    16.5
“Please hear the musical verses spoken by elephants in  Padmavana   long ago , when they saw men holding noose in  their hands.”                                                                                                                           16.6
“To us fire , noose  or weapons do not cause any fear but the horrifying people our clan driven by selfishness     definitely causes fear.”                                                                                                            16.7
“These people our clan   without any doubt  will inform our strategy to our enemies  enabling them  to catch us and so it is well known that fear  of people of our clan is  greatest to us.”                          16.8
“In cow there is wealth , , in members of our clan there is fear , in ladies there is fickleness   and  there is austerity among Brahmins.”                                                                                                                        16.9
“Oh soft one, people are venerating me not because they like you  and I obtained all these riches by sitting  tight on head of my enemies.”                                                                                                    16.10
“Just like drops of water falling on the leaves  of lotus  does not cling to it , the friendship with ungentlemanly people does not last long.”                                                                                           16.11
“Though the clouds of autumn makes roaring sounds ,it cannot wet the earth and like that the friendship  with ungentlemanly people does  not last.”                                                                 16.12
“Like the honeybee   drinking honey does not stick to it due to desire for more , you also  are one who  does not stick to friendship.”                                                                                                                             16.13
“Like a honey bee  cannot drink honey from the flower  of grass  , friendship  and love cannot  be extracted from ungentlemanly  people .”                                                                                            16.14
“Like an elephant dirtying itself  pouring on itself  dust by  its trunk  after its bath , the friendship with  ungentlemanly people gets dirtied like that .”                                                                                   16.15
“Oh person moving  at night  , if these words had been uttered by someone else , he would cease to exist in a moment , oh breaker of our clan, a curse on you.”                                                          16.16
When these harsh words were heard by  Vibheeshana  who was a man of justice ,  armed with  a mace and four of his assistant Rakshasas , he soared in to the sky.                                                        16.17
Vibheeshana who was  greatly angered , after rising in to the sky  spoke these  words to his brother   who  was the king of Rakshasas.                                                                                                        16.18
“Oh king you are my elder brother and so please say whatever you like , for according to Dharma   an elder brother is equivalent to our own father  but I am not able to tolerate these harsh words from you.”
“Oh ten faced one  , I spoke to you proper words aimed at your welfare  but one with a ill composed mind  cannot understand    words spoken by a well wisher.”                                                      16.20
“It is easy to get people who always speak the words that   you love, but those people   who speak  proper words  which are not pleasing are difficult to find.”                                                           16.21
“All beings are dragged away  tied  by the noose of God of death  but I am not able to save you as you are  in the house that is burning.”                                                                                                       16.22
“I do not want to see you killed by Rama using his  deadly arrows , which are like flaming fire  decorated with gold.”                                                                                                                                             16.23
“Persons who are strong and valiant  and who are skilled in use of weapons ,when the proper time comes sink down like  a dam constructed on sand.”                                                                    16.24
“As an elder brother , please bear with my words  spoken to you desiring your welfare ,. Please take care of yourself , the city and its Rakshasas, Be safe. I am going away ,. Become happy because of my absence.”                                                                                                                                     16.25-16.26
“Oh person moving at night , Due to my desire for your welfare , I might have  used words restraining you and you might not have liked them. This is because persons who near their end do not accept the advice of well wishers.”                                                                                                                                    16.27

    Thus ends the sixteenth  chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

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