Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Yudha Kandam 109-127

Yudha  Kandam  (Contd)

Translated by

109.Vibheeshana wails for his brother

(Vibheeshana recollects the greatness of his brother and wails for him. Rama consoles  him and orders him to do the funeral rites for his brother.)

On seeing his brother lying down  dead after defeat in the battle  Vibheeshana   wailed   with a  mind filled   with outburst of sorrow,                                                                                                                   109.1
“Why are you  who is valorous  , a hero , greatly skilled  ,and an expert  in diplomacy   who normally  lies down on the best   of beds , now  lying down on the earth?”                                                                109.2
“With your two  hands decorated by armlets  thrown out  you are now motionless , with your crown as brilliant as the sun knocked down . Why are you now lying on the earth?”                                        109.3
“Oh valorous brother,  though you did not like whatever I have told you earlier  as you were overcome  with passion and delusion  , has now come true in your case.”                                                              109.4
“Due to great pride , neither Prahastha  , nor Indrajit  , nor Kumbhakarna  nor Athiratha   , nor Narantaka nor you yourself did not agree  to my advice   and you are suffering the consequence now.”       109.5
“Due to the fall of this great hero  , the greatest among those who wield the weapons   on the ground  , the established method of rule   of persons with good conduct  has vanished , the personification of Dharma has departed  , the epitome of strength has gone  , the ultimate  refuge of all praises is no more , the Sun has fallen down on earth  , the moon has  merged in darkness, the fire has been extinguished due to its fames   and effort  becoming inactive.”                                                                          109.6-109.8
“While the tiger among Rakshasas  is in deep sleep on the  dust  , what else  is remaining in the world now?”                                                                                                                                                                109.9
"With firmness being  its shoot, endurance being  its excellent blossom, asceticism being  its strength, and valour being  its firm root, the large tree in the shape of Ravana has been crushed in the battle-field, by the tempest in the shape of Rama."                                                                                                  109.10
"With sharpness being  its tusks, the line of ancestors being  its back-bone, anger being  its lower parts and graciousness  being  its proboscis, the elephant in rut in the shape of Ravana is lying asleep on the ground, its body having been overthrown by a lion in the shape of Rama."                                   109.11
"With strength and power being  its expanded flames, sighs being   its smoke and his native strength being   its glowing heat, the blazing fire in the shape of Ravana the Rakshasa has been extinguished in the battle-field by the rainy cloud in the shape of Rama."                                                                       109.12
"With the Rakshasa being  its tail; hump and horn and fickleness  being   its ears and eyes, the bull in the shape of Ravana the Rakshasa , the conqueror of its enemies, who competed   with the wind in energy, is lying dead, struck down by a tiger in the shape of Rama, the ruler of the earth."                    109.13
Addressing Vibheeshana who was wailing like this with great sorrow, Rama   spoke the following logical words   which revealed his opinion in this matter .                                                                          109.14
“Ravana  did not die in this battle  , without making any effort and he exhibited great valour  extraordinary enthusiasm   of the great variety  and  great confidence throughout  and fell in this combat.”                                                                                                                                                     109.15  
“It is nor proper to be sad for him as  he was steadfast in his Dharma as a royal warrior   and wished for  the growth  of his country   and had fallen to death in the battle field.”                                       109.16
“It is not proper to be sad for him  , because he who was greatly intelligent  attained the state of death   in  a war which would frighten all the three worlds including Indra.  “                                           109.17
“In the past   no one has always been victorious in a battle  , for   either a hero has been killed by his enemies  or he manages to kill the enemies in battle.”                                                                     109.18
“Those  who had come earlier   had proclaimed    by  esteemed royal warriors , that a royal warrior    killed in battle should not be mourned  , because it has been told like that.”                            109.19
“Therefore taking in to account this opinion   and after understanding the true principle  , become free from sorrow  and think about   rituals that ought  to be performed now.”                                  109.20
Addressing the valorous prince   who spoke like that  , Vibheeshana who was tormented by sorrow   thought  about what  actions need to be taken about his brother.                                                   109.21    
   "The Rakshasa , who had never been conquered before in battles,  even by  all the gods combined or by Indra himself, has been conquered, on confronting you in the battle-field, like  the sea breaks up, on reaching the shore."                                                                                                                                109.22
"He maintained a perpetually sacred fire , practiced great religious austerities and   completely mastered Vedas, the sacred scriptures. He was highly proficient even in the ritual acts. I desire to do, with you graciousness, that which is to be performed to him, who has departed to the other world."  109.23
Hearing   those   words of the great one full of mercy  regarding the great personality of   Ravana by Vibheeshana  , the son of the king of human beings ordered him  to perform funeral rites which would take Ravana to heaven.                                                                                                                                 109.24
“All enmities end with death   and our purpose has been accomplished. He is yours as well as mine and let the funeral rites be performed. “                                                                                                           109.25

Thus ends the  hundred and  ninth  chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

110. The wives of Ravana    wail for him.

(All Ravana ‘s wives who lived in his private apartment    came out and became greatly sorrowing. They    wailed for his death.  They were sad , that Ravana never bothered about the advice of Vibheeshana.)

Seeing that Ravana was killed by the great soul Raghava  , all the Rakshasis living in the private apartments of Ravana   rushed out   with great sorrow.                                                                       110.1
Even though stopped here and there by their maid servants  , they started   rolling on the  dust of the  streets  , with disheveled hair  and tormented by sorrow  like the cows which have lost their calves.  
They came out of the northern gate accompanied by the Rakshasas and entering the horrible battle field  , they started searching for their dead husband everywhere  on the ground covered with  headless trunks and blood , shouting , “Oh gentle one”  , “Oh my husband”.                                           110.3-110.4
With eyes filled with tears  due to sorrow of losing their husband ,  they loudly wailed like female elephants who have lost their leader.                                                                                                          110.5
Then they saw the dead Ravana   who had a huge body ,  great valour and great luster  lying on the earth like a mountain of collyrium.                                                                                                                          110.6
Seeing suddenly their husband lying  on the dust of the battle field , they fell down on their limbs  like an uprooted  wild creeper.                                                                                                                                    110.7
A woman  wept   embracing him with respect  , another caught hold of his feet   and another  caught hold of his neck.                                                                                                                                               110.8
One Rakshasi lifted her hand and rolled on the ground   and another seeing the face of her dead husband fell into swoon.                                                                                                                                 110.9
Keeping his head    on her lap , one wailed  looking  at  his face   , moistening  his face with her tears like dew drops moistening a lotus flower.                                                                                                        110.10
They saw  their husband Ravana, who greatly scared Indra,  who made Yama tremble,  who deprived king Khubera of his Pushpaka  plane  , caused   fear in the minds of Gandharwas  during war   and also among great sages   and great devas lying  dead on the earth, .                                          110.11-110.13
“He who was never knew fear from of Asuras , Devas  and great serpents  has got this scare   from a mere human being.  “                                                                                                                                   110.14
“ He who could not be killed     by devas  , Dhanavas, Rakshasas is now lying dead   , killed by a  very ordinary human being.   “                                                                                                                            110.15 
“He who could not be killed by Devas ,Yakshas and  , Asuras , could be killed by a mere human being lacking   strength.”                                                                                                                                       110.16
Those very sad ladies   wailed saying like this   and burst in to tears   once more   and again lamented     with great   grief.                                                                                                                                          110.17
“You who never listened to dear and near ones    or those who advised you for your good   and for the sake of attaining your death  , you carried Sita to this place .All Rakshasas were struck down and we who stand here  and yourself was also struck down. “                                                                                   110.18
"Though tendering  very   useful   advice to you, Vibheeshana your beloved brother, was harshly scolded through ignorance by you and you  sought your own destruction."                                                  110.19
“Had you then returned   Sita, the princess of Mithila to Rama then  , this horrible state of affairs which has robbed us of everything would not have happened to us .”                                                       110.20
"If you had restored Sita   to Rama, Vibheeshana your brother would have had his desire fulfilled. Rama would have been in the company of our allies. All of us would have been spared the curse of widowhood and our enemies would not have realized their ambition."                                                                                                               110.21
‘Because of you , who abducted Sita with cruelty , the Rakshasis  who are your wives   and your own self  have been completely destroyed.”                                                                                                                                    110.22
“oh great  Rakshasa , may be  the reason for all this is not because of your acting in your free will  , because  all of us are made to move by fate(god)   and we are killed by fate(god).                                                                  110.23
“Oh great one , the destruction of monkeys  , the death of Rakshasas in war   and your death must have occurred  due to fate alone. “                                                                                                                                                      110.24   
"The course of  fate , when ready to bear fruit, cannot be diverted either by money, or by wish, or by valour or even by command in this world."                                                                                          110.25
Thus the consorts of the king of Rakshasas who were pitiable and drowned in sorrow   cried with eyes full of tears like the female Ospreys.                                                                                                     110.26

Thus ends the  hundred and  tenth   chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

111.Mandodhari wails for Ravana and Vibheeshana  performs the obsequies

(Mandodhari , the chief  wife of Ravana wails. Rama asks Vibheeshana to perform Obsequies to Ravana. Vibheeshana refuses saying  that Ravana was a  bad person. Rama convinces him that he is wrong.  The funeral is then performed as per Vedic rites.)

When the consorts   of that Rakshasa were wailing  , his darling and senior most wife   stared    at her husband  in a pitiable manner .                                                                                                                   111.1
Seeing that ten necked one who has been killed by Rama  of matchless deeds  ,Mandodhari  lamented in a miserable manner.                                                                                                                                       111.2
“oh great  one , oh brother of Khubera , when you are angry  , even Indra     does not dare to stand before you.”                                                                                                                                                      111.3
“Sages, Brahmins  ,  the famous  Charanas  Gandharwas, have fled in different directions because they were   scared of you.”                                                                                                                                         111.4
“Oh God  of Rakshasas , oh king  , how is it  that you  are not ashamed  , having been conquered by a mere human being in the battle.”                                                                                                                   111.5
“How   come you   who have won over all the three worlds by your valour   and who is irresistible  has been killed  by a man who wanders  in the forest?”                                                                                 111.6
“It is not possible for Rama    who wandered in inaccessible places to men to kill you   who  could  assume any form you wish , in a battle.”                                                                                                     111.7
“I am not able to believe in this act of Rama   in the battle front  , nor do I believe that  he can attack you and your army was  fully equipped     with all  weapons.”                                                                  111.8
“As soon as Rama in Janasthana   killed your brother Khara surrounded by very many Rakshasas it was evident that Rama    was not  a mere mortal.”                                                                             111.9
“ We felt pained  at the time   when Hanuman entered   the city of Lanka , which even gods find difficult to enter  ,  by his valour  .”                                                                                                                            111.10
“On the day   on which  those horrible  monkeys built   a bridge over the  great  ocean  , I believed that Rama was not an ordinary human being.”                                                                                                111.11
“Possibly Yama the God of death had  arranged a great illusion   and must have   come in the form of Rama .”                                                                                                                                                             111.12
“Or possibly   Indra has come and overpowered   you in this battle   but Indra does not have even the capacity to look at your face.”                                                                                                                      111.13
"This Rama is certainly a great yogi, a person without beginning  , having no start  ,  middle or end, greater than distinguished universal spirit like Brahma, the one beyond ignorance, the one who nourishes ,   one who wields conch, a disc and a mace, wearing the 'Srivatsa' mark on his chest, of lasting beauty, incapable of being conquered, a perpetual one, being the constant soul of the universe, truly mighty, the lord of all the worlds, the prosperous one having a great splendour and Vishnu, the lord of maintenance of the world with a wish to benefit the worlds, assuming a human form surrounded by all the gods in the form of monkeys, Rama killed you, surrounded by demons.”                          111.14-111.17
“Once you controlled all your senses and won over the three worlds   and as if the senses have become your enemy  , they have conquered you now.”                                                                                          111.18
"The moment your brother Khara was killed by Rama in Janasthana, even  though  he was  surrounded by a multitude of Rakshasas , it became evident that Rama was really no mortal. We felt perturbed, the moment Hanuman  entered , by dint of his prowess, deeply into the City of Lanka, which was difficult to be entered even for gods."                                                                                                                111.19-111.20
“I had  advised  you   not to have  enmity   with Raghava  and at that time some evil came upon you   and you did not heed my advice.”                                                                                                                        111.21
“Oh great Rakshasa  , you accidentally developed a desire for Sita    which has lead to the    destruction of your power and your own people  .”                                                                                                        111.22
“Oh evil minded person,  Sita  is much distinguished   and respectable   than Arundathi   as well as Rohini  and an unworthy act was done by you against her.”                                                                                  111.23
"O my lord, who  destroyed   you and your people and it is  Sita the model of forbearance even to the Goddess Earth and a model of grace to Lakshmi. She is extremely fond of her husband. By a recourse to a fraud in bringing that Sita   in a lonely forest, faultless in every limb as she was, and charming though miserable, and having failed to fulfill your desire for union with Sita  and due to your own fault you have been surely consumed by the penance  of that woman, devoted as she was to her husband."                                 
“It is because of the great fear that Indra    as well as the fire God had against , that you were not burnt   while trying to lay your hand on Sita  , who is  a lady with slender waist .”                                           111.26
“The  harsh fruits of sin committed would definitely be reaped  by the person , without any doubt when the time comes.”                                                                                                                                                111.27
“One who perform auspicious acts becomes happy   and the one who does sin gets  misery  . While Vibheeshana  became happy you became miserable.”                                                                              111.28
“There are many more prettier women than Sita in your  harem   and having fallen as prey   to the power of passion  ,  you did  not know it through ignorance.”                                                                            111.29  
“Sita is not equal to me either by heritage  , form or nature of amiability   but you did not realize it because of your infatuation.”                                                                                                                          111.30
“For every being   there is no death without any cause   and to you this  Sita has become the cause of your death. “                                                                                                                                                        111.31
“You have invited that death for which Sita was the cause from a  far-off distance   and now freed from her sorrow Sita    would enjoy herself with Rama.”                                                                                     111.32
"I am  however, whose stock of blessed deeds   was less , have fallen into a terrific ocean of  sorrow . I, who having enjoyed myself with you in suitable aerial cars in Mount Kailasa, mount Mandara, Mount Meru and in a grove named Chaitraratha and in all celestial gardens, decked as I  was with lovely garlands and clad in colorful robes and invested in matchless splendour, visiting and seeing various lands of every description have now been deprived of all  those  sense- enjoyments because of your death. Because of that  , I stand transformed into another  form  as it were. Woe to the changing  fortunes of kings."                                                                                                                                                     111.33-111.35
"Alas, oh  king,  That face of yours which was so tender, Oh  , and  the distinguished charming eye-brows of yours  , a gloss surface, having an exceptionally prominent nose, coppery lips and brilliant ear-rings, which vie with the moon,  the lotus and the sun in beauty . Light and luster, was illuminated by a number of crowns  which shined ,  with its eyes wild and rolling through inebriety in banqueting places,  your body that bore garlands of various kinds, was lovely and charming in every way and it   was lit with a captivating smile and indulged in a delightful talk  and   that face of yours does not actually shine as before today pierced with Rama's arrows, it lies dyed with streams of blood. It has its marrow shattered and has got soiled through the dust raised by the chariots."                                                    111.36-111.39
“Being a stupid women I never at any time thought that   I would become a widow and that state has come to me now.”                                                                                                                                          111.40
“I was always proud   that my father was a king of Rakshasas, my husband was the lord of Rakshasas   and my son was the conqueror of Devas .”                                                                                                111.41
“I always believed   that my lords   were capable of defeating arrogant enemies  , as they were all heroes  , renowned for their strength and valour   as such I had no fear from any direction.”                       111.42
“How did this unknown danger come to you who are so powerful   , oh greatest Rakshasa  from a man?”
  "O king! The body of yours which was really dark as glossy sapphire, gigantic like a lofty mountain and resplendent with Keyuras and Angadas   and necklace of cat's eye-gems and pearls and wreaths of flowers  which used   to be   more charming during your pleasure-walks and dazzling    in battle-fields  and that   body  which shined with luster of jewels as a rainy cloud with flashes of lightning lies  with    numerous sharp arrows today. Though it will be difficult for me to touch it again, it is no longer possible  for me  to embrace it. It has tendons cut to pieces, by arrows of Rama, dug deep into your vital parts and closely transfixed like the spines of a porcupine. Though dark of complexion, it is now transformed into the colour of blood and lies fallen on the ground like a mountain broken into pieces when hit by a stroke of thunder-bolt."                                                                                                                                  111.44-111.48
“Is it a dream or realty?   Have you been truly   killed by Rama? You were death  even to death   and then how is it possible   you to leave this falling under clutches of death?”                                                   111.49
“He enjoyed the wealth of all the three worlds   and he made all the three worlds greatly scared. He conquered the guardians   of different directions   and lifted up   even Lord Sankara.”                   111.50    
“He held down those who were arrogant   and by exhibiting his prowess   shook the worlds   and made living being weep   by his roars.”                                                                                                                  111.51
“He used to  say arrogant words   in the presence of his enemies  , he used to protect his  army and servants   and was  the killer of those  who did terrible deeds.”                                                            111.52
“He used to kill the king of Dhanavas   and thousands of Yakshas and he used   fight with   the Rakshasas
Called  Nivathakavachas.”                                                                                                                                111.53 
“He used to conduct several Yagnas   and was protecting his own people . He used to break tenets of Dharma   and used to show conjuring tricks in the battle field.”                                                              111.54
“He used   to bring virgin daughters of devas , Asuras and men   from here and there . He used to make enemy wives mourn   and he was the leader of his  own people .”                                                       111.55
“He used to look after the island of Lanka  , executed terrible deeds  and one  who gratifies our desires  and sexual needs   and  he was  an expert fighter    from chariot.”                                                      111.56
“After seeing  my husband of  such great power  killed  by Rama , I am hard hearted  to still bear his body .”                                                                                                                                                             111.57
“Oh king of the Rakshasas      after having slept   on beds of luxury  , why are lying on the ground covered with dust. “                                                                                                                                                      111.58
“When Indrajit , your son was killed in the battle by Lakshmana  , I was hardly hit but today I am completely broken down.”                                                                                                                            111.59
“Without any relations  , and oh Lord forsaken by you   and deprived of  sensual satisfaction   I shall keep on being sad for many years to come.                                                                                             111.60
“Oh king you have embarked  today on a very long and  difficult   journey   and since  I am suffering with great sorrow  , please take me with you  , for I cannot survive without you.”                                 111.61
“Why do you want to go leaving me who is greatly miserable here? Why are    you not talking to me  who is sad and wailing   and who is unfortunate?”                                                                               111.62
“Oh Lord , are you not angry to see me   , having come out of the city gate  on bare foot and also  without my veil?”                                                                                                                                           111.63
“Why did not get in to great rage   on seeing all your wives   who had come without a veil , Oh darling of your wives?”                                                                                                                                                     111.64
“This Mandodhari who was helping in your love sports   is weeping helplessly  and you are not bothered to console her. Do you   not respect her?”                                                                                                  111.65
“Very many noble women   who were greatly devoted to their husbands  , who were following tenets  of Dharma   and also intent on service to elders , have been widowed by you , Oh king. And they tormented by great sorrow  must have cursed you   and possibly that curse   of those virtuous women  , who were wronged by you, might have taken away your life .”                                                                   111.66-111.67
“Possibly the  proverb  that , “The tears   of wives who follow virtue  do not fall on the ground  in vain  “ has become     true in your case , “Oh king .”                                                                                             111.68
“How was it possible for you to do the mean act of abducting  a lady, because you had invaded the three  worlds  with your great power  and were proud of it.”                                                                             111.69
“It was indeed a mark of your cowardice that Rama's consort was borne away by you, after luring away Rama from his hermitage in the pretext of deer"                                                                                      111.70     
“I have never heard   cowardly acts  by you  any time in the battle field  and so I feel that the abduction of Sita   was done  by your bad luck   as a result of your sins.”                                                           111.71
"Oh  mighty armed one,  Whatever my younger brother-in-law, Vibheeshana who knows matters relating to the past and of the future and also conversant with the present had   said after reflecting and sighing for long, on seeing Sita   abducted by you: 'The destruction of the chiefs among the demons now is imminent” and these  have  now  become true words. This misfortune had come from the lust, wrath and addiction to the vice of deep attachment."                                                                    111.72-111.74
“Because of you , our roots have been cut off , leading    to a great disaster  and you have  made the race of Rakshasas without a protector.”                                                                                                        111.75
“I should not lament   about you  who are famous for your strength and masculinity  but being feminine in nature my mind leans towards melancholy.”                                                                                   111.76
“You attained this state of affairs by your good and bad deeds   and I am  grieving  because  I am sad about your death.”                                                                                                                                     111.77
“Oh Ravana , you did not bother  to follow the advice of your friends, who were your well wishers   and you also did not follow the advice of your brothers.”                                                                          111.78
“You did not follow the advice of Vibheeshana   which was logical  , meaningful , based on right conduct,  gentle  and well founded.”                                                                                                                       111.79
“You who were arrogant of your strength did not follow    the advice  of Mareecha,  Kumbhakarna  , myself   and my father   and what happened was  this  bitter consequence.  “                            111.80
"My lord, resembling a dark cloud in  colour  , clad in yellow  silk  and decked with brilliant armlets, why are you lying with your limbs, cast away on the ground and bathed in blood?"                         111.81
“Why are you fast asleep and not   replying  me  who is sad and , who is the granddaughter of  the clever Yathudhana   the Rakshasa  who has extraordinary valour and never retreated in a battle.”   111.82 
“Get up, get up  , why are you lying down as if you have  been insulted again ?The rays of the Sun  have already penetrated the city of Lanka    without any fear.”                                                               111.83
"Torn into thousand pieces, that iron rod   of yours, which was brilliant as the sun,   which   was   like a thunderbolt of Indra, with which you killed your enemies in the battle-field, which was constantly honoured by you, which had struck many in  the battles  and which was decked with gold, lies scattered."                                                                                                                                          111.84-111.85
“Why are you lying down embracing the earth  like one embraces his beloved? Why are you not replying me just like I am not liked by you?”                                                                                                         111.86
“Woe to me,   for my heart is not bursting to pieces   though I am tormented with   grief   because you have  merged with the five elements  of the earth.”                                                                            111.87
With   her eyes filled up with tears , after she wailed like this  , with her heart made wet with love   she then swooned.                                                                                                                                           111.88
Then that dispirited  one   who was stricken with sorrow    fell on the chest  of Ravana 
And she shined like   a flash of lightning   across the rainy cloud  , reddened by   the flow of dusk.  
Lifting up Mandodhari   who was  bitterly weeping   , her co- wives  who were also weeping   and who were also equally distressed   tried to console her.                                                                               111.90    
“Oh Queen do you not know the uncertain nature of this world   and you also know   that the wealth of  the kings are unsteady  , which changes along with their fate  and time.”                                        111.91
While they were trying to console her this   way  , she with copious tears  from her very pure face   and  moistened her breasts   and wept aloud for  a moment.                                                                      111.92
 In the meanwhile, Rama spoke to Vibheeshana as follows: "Let the obsequies of your brother be performed and let these  groups of women be consoled."                                                                   111.93   
When the great one spoke like this  , the intelligent   Vibheeshana, the expert in Dharma  after thinking about using his brain    replied  in conformity with Dharma   and his own good.                             111.94    
“I am not  fit to perform   the obsequies  of him who has abandoned the penance of Dharma  , who was cruel  , who was a cheater and who desired the wives of others.”                                                       111.95
“This Ravana who did ill to every one , though he is my brother  , is not fit for this  honour   even though he is an elder whom I should worship.”                                                                                                     111.96
“All the people in this world  may call me ruthless   but if   they heard about all his qualifies   they will say  that what I  did was good.”                                                                                                                              111.97
Rama who is the best among those  who follows Dharma and who was an excellent speaker   was very much pleased by  What was told by Vibheeshana  told  .                                                                 111.98
“Oh king of Rakshasas, I have been able to win this war because  of your help  and so it is proper for me   to give you  proper advice.”                                                                                                                          111.99 
‘This Rakshasa  , though he is full of Adharma(unrighteousness) , was  a lustrous  , strong   and a brave warrior in battle.”                                                                                                                                        111.100
“I have heard that the  Indra and others could not defeat  that  great one blessed with strength   and who made people cry  .”                                                                                                                            111.101
“All enmities end with death   and there is nothing that  has  been left unaccomplished .Let the funeral rites be performed  .He is as much mine as yours.”                                                                              111.102
“According to laws of religion  , that ten necked one  should get  the obsequies done by you   and you will become very famous.”                                                                                                                         111.103
After having heard the words of  Raghava  , Vibheeshana hastily   started to perform the obsequies   of his brother Ravana in a suitable manner,                                                                                                111.104
Then  that Vibheeshana   entered the city of Lanka  and quickly  concluded   the Agnihothra( worship of fire) being conducted by Ravana.                                                                                                              111.105 
Vibheeshana actually  arranged   for , carts, excellent varieties of firewood, the three sacred fires and the priests required to officiate at the obsequies, logs of sandalwood, various types of firewood, pieces of fragrant aloe-wood, odorous perfumes, as well as gems, pearls and corals.                 111.106-111.107
He came back soon surrounded  by the Rakshasas   and along with Malyavan (Maternal grandfather of Ravana)   started    the rites of Obsequies.                                                                                            111.108
Placing Ravana, the lord of  Rakshasas  , who was covered with cloth made of plant  , accompanied by blasts of various musical instruments as well as panegyrists singing his  fame,  the Brahmans   stood around him with their faces filled in tears. Lifting up that palanquin, which had been decorated with colorful flags and flowers and taking up blocks of wood, all the Rakshasas  for their part, with Vibheeshana in front, proceeded with their face turned towards the south.                   111.109-111.111
The sacrificial fires were lit   and relit by the Adhvaryu priests  and at that time the fire   was contained in earthern pots   and went in front of Ravana ’s body.                                                                           111.112
All the women of his harem  speedily    followed him weeping  stumbling and jumping from all sides. 
Keeping the body of Ravana on a consecrated spot, Vibheeshana and others, who were very much afflicted with grief, piled up a sacred pyre, with logs of sandalwood, moistened with perfumes called Padmaka and Koshira and covered with the skin of black antelopes, turned  to perform the obsequies in accordance with Vedic rites in honour of the king.                                                                  111.114-111.115
Ravana ‘s   oblations  as prescribed by manes  were conducted   in a perfectly  way. A platform was constructed in the south east and the sacred fire was placed on it in a proper way.                      111.116
They poured a ladle-full of ghee mixed with curds on his shoulders, placed a cart at his feet and then a wooden mortar at his thighs.                                                                                                                      111.117
Having set at their proper place, all the wooden vessels , the lower piece of wood used for kindling fire at a sacrifice and the upper piece of wood (which is rotated at great speed on to lower one, to produce fire by friction), the wooden pestle and other things used in the sacrifice, they circled around the funeral pyre.                                                                                                                                                                111.118
As per the rules laid down  in  the Sastras  by the great sages, a goat  was sacrificed  at that spot   and the  Rakshasas, spread the limbs of dead goat dampened with ghee  on the king of the Rakshasas.
Having decorated the body of Ravana with perfumes, garlands and various kinds of clothes,   those Rakshasas  accompanied by Vibheeshana, distressed as they were in their minds, poured parched grains of rice, with their faces bathed in tears.                                                                                       111.121-111.122
That Vibheeshana set fire to Ravana, according to the rules in the Vedas . Washing himself and offering in his wet clothes, according to scriptural ordinance, sesame seeds mixed with water, as well as blades of Kusha grass and offering obeisance to Ravana by bowing his head, Vibheeshana entreated those women to return, consoling them again and again. Then, all of the returned to the City.                                                                            111.123-111.125
After  the women re entered the  city  , That Vibheeshana  , came near Rama   and remained standing  there with humility.                                                                                                                                                                            111.126
Rama along with his army  , Sugreeva   and Lakshmana was happy   as he had killed his enemy   and felt like Indra   after killing Vruthra.                                                                                                                   111.127
Then after taking out the bow and arrows  , the armour given to him by Indra   and after giving away his great anger   since he has killed his enemy  Rama assumed   a look of charming benevolence.    111.128

Thus ends the  hundred and  eleventh    chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

112.Vibheeshana is crowned

(Rama requests Lakshmana to annint Vibheeshana as the king of Rakshasas. Then he requests  Hanuman to take permission from Vibheeshana, enter the city and inform Sita of their welfare.)

 The devas , Dhanavas and Gandharwas after seeing the killing of Ravana  went away in their aerial cars  talking about the auspicious events that took place  .                                                                                112.1 
 Telling each other about the horrific killing of Ravana, the great valour of Ravana  , the great war in which  monkeys , the great counsel of Sugreeva  , the affection and valour of Lakshmana  , the son of Sumithra    , the great virtue of Sita  and  the valour of Hanuman     , they went back to the place from whichthey have come .                                                                                                                   112.2-112.3
After taking leave of the divine chariot   which was lend to him by Indra  which was shining like fire  the  great Rama  respectfully worshipped  Matali.                                                                                               112.4
 With the consent of Raghava , Matali , the charioteer of Indra   got in to his divine chariot   and climbed  to the heavens.                                                                                                                                                    112.5 
When  the best among the charioteers went  back to heaven  , the greatly pleased Raghava   hugged  Sugreeva.                                                                                                                                                               112.6
After hugging Sugreeva he was  greeted  by Lakshmana   and after   honouring the monkey troops  Rama came to the camp site of the army.                                                                                                                 112.7
Then Rama spoke   to Lakshmana   the son of Sumithra who was endowed with strength  , who  had auspicious looks  and  who was standing nearby.                                                                                        112.8
“Oh soft natured one,  go and   consecrate  this Vibheeshana who loves us  , who is devoted to us   and who has done service to us.”                                                                                                                            112.9 
“Oh gentle one, It  is my great desire  to see that this Vibheeshana  brother of Ravana   crowned as the king  of Lanka.”                                                                                                                                               112.10
   When  the great Raghava told like this to Lakshmana , saying “so be it”,  with great joy he procured a pot of gold .                                                                                                                                                      112.11                                                                                                            
Handing over the pot  in to the hands of the monkey kings  , he requested them  who were as fast as the mind   to bring water from the ocean.                                                                                                         112.12
Those monkeys who could travel as fast as the mind, went   fast   and those  great monkeys brought it filled with water.                                                                                                                                               112.13   
Then the son of Sumithra   along with his friends   took that one pot of water , made  Vibheeshana to sit on the throne  in the middle of the Rakshasas   and anointed him   with the water in that pot   in accordance with  rules of procedure  and made him the king of Lanka.                                    112.14-112.15
Then all the Rakshasas as well as monkeys anointed him  and becoming extraordinarily happy    they praised Rama.                                                                                                                                                   112.16
Seeing that Vibheeshana was made the king of Rakshasas  by consecrating on that throne   those Rakshasas who were devoted to him  became happy.                                                                         112.17
Rama along with Lakshmana    got great  love   and Vibheeshana having got the great country became happy.                                                                                                                                                          112.18
Vibheeshana then consoled his people and those Rakshasas who were  residing in that city   came near Rama  and offered Vibheeshana ,  curds  , unbroken rice  , ball shaped sweets, puffed rice   and flowers.  
Accepting them   the valorous Vibheeshana who cannot be defeated  offered those auspicious  objects to Rama and Lakshmana  .                                                                                                                          112.21
Seeing Vibheeshana who has completed his duty   and who was contented  and become  well endowed with riches  Rama accepted all of that   with a desire to show him his love.                                     112.22
Then Rama  addressing  the monkey Hanuman   who was like a mountain   and  who was standing   there saluting him told.                                                                                                                                          112.23
“Oh gentle one,  After taking permission from the great king Vibheeshana , enter in to the city of Lanka   and inform Sita about our welfare  .                                                                                                         112.24
“Oh great one, Inform Sita about my welfare as well as that of Lakshmana and Sugreeva   and also tell her that Ravana has been killed in the battle.”                                                                                        112.25
“Oh Lord of the monkeys  , make clear to Sita about this  desirable news   and you should return bearing her reply  .”                                                                                                                                                      112.26

Thus ends the  hundred and  twelfth     chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

113. Hanuman conveys happy news to Sita

(Hanuman enters the city takes permission from Vibheeshana and meets Sita. He briefs her about welfare of Rama and Lakshmana. She becomes happy. Hanuman wants to kill all those Rakshasis   who were troubling Sita. Sita says no and says everything was due to hfear. She expresses her desire to    see Rama.)

As directed by Rama  , Hanuman, the son of wind God   entered the city  of Lanka    and was respectfully received by the Rakshasas.                                                                                                                                113.1
That monkey  Hanuman   who knew Sita   after he entered  the city of Lanka   sought the permission   of Vibheeshana and after  he obtained permission   from him  as per  rules  entered the Grove  of trees   and saw  Sita  at the foot  of the tree  bereft of freshness  and  also joyless  .She  was like a frightened  cow and  was surrounded by Rakshasis   and Hanuman  approached her with humility, offered her salutations by bending his head    and stood there silently.                                                              113.2-113.4
That Lady seeing the arrival of the  very strong Hanuman  kept silent and then recognizing him   became   joyous.                                                                                                                                                                  113.5
Seeing her  unperturbed face  Hanuman , the best of monkeys   began to tell her the entire message of Rama.                                                                                                                                                                   113.6
“Oh  daughter of Videha  . Rama  along with  Sugreeva   and  Lakshmana  are doing well along with his helper Vibheeshana   and   the army of monkeys.”                                                                                  113.7
“Oh lady , Rama  , the destroyer of enemies along with Lakshmana  with the help of Vibheeshana   and that of the monkeys   have killed the valorous Ravana .”                                                                        113.8
“Oh lady, I am telling this pleasant news to you   and again praising you  , Oh Sita  . Due to   your power and  Rama who is a follower of Dharma  , this victory has  been obtained and so make yourself free from sorrow   and  be comfortable.”                                                                                                       113.9-112.10
“Ravana has been killed , Lanka was subdued . For     getting you back, a bridge was constructed sacrificing sleep   and the vow of getting you back    has been fulfilled.”                                          113.11
“Get freedom from nervousness  , though you are living in the abode of Ravana  as this   Lanka along with its wealth has  been placed under   Vibheeshana.”                                                                      113.12
“So  get relaxed as if you are staying in your own house   and Vibheeshana also would come to see you   with happiness as   he is eager to see you.”                                                                                           113.13
Then that lady   Sita who resembled the moon  having heard this   was not able to answer as she was  toungue tied   due to great joy.                                                                                                                113.14
Then that great monkey  seeing that Sita was not answering him   said, “Oh lady , what are you thinking  and why are you not speaking to me.”                                                                                                   113.15
When Hanuman told her like this   Sita who was firmly established in Dharma  , replied him back, greatly pleased   and with voice choked with tears.                                                                                          113.16
“After hearing this pleasing news   about the victory of  my husband  , overpowered with joy  , for a moment I became speechless.”                                                                                                               113.17
“Oh monkey , I do not find anything appropriate   to give you, so that  it will please you  , for having   brought this news which pleases me  , though I thought about it.”                                                 113.18
“Oh monkey of pleasing habits, I also do not see anything in the world   which can be  given to you   for telling this very pleasing news to  me . May you enjoy pleasure.”                                                   113.19
“Neither gold, nor silver  nor different type of gems  ,  nor the kingship of the three worlds   can be a suitable compensation to this message.”                                                                                             113.20
When  Vaidehi told like this to the monkey  who was standing in front of Sita   with hands folded in salutation replied   with joy.                                                                                                                    113.21
“Oh lady   who is interested in the good of her husband   and one who wishes the victory of her husband  , such affectionate words   can only   be   spoken by  one like you.”                                               113.22
“Oh gentle lady  , Such meaningful and affectionate words   are greater than    various heaps of diamonds   or the position of the king of devas.”                                                                              113.23
“After seeing    Rama happy and victorious  after killing his enemies and getting victory  , I  felt like being blessed    with the kingship of the devas.”                                                                                           113.24
Hearing these words   the princess of Mithila and the daughter of Janaka   told the following auspicious words    to the son of Wind God.                                                                                                             113.25
“You  only   can utter   these type of words  which are  great in desirable attributes, which are ornamented    with sweet qualities  , which are intelligent   and which has   eight great    attributes.  “
“You are praiseworthy son of  Wind God  and  who is a great votary  of Dharma  and you are blessed with several good qualities like  strength  , valour  , knowledge of Veda  , great skill in your actions , patience  , firmness , stability and humility without any doubt whatsoever.”                 113.27-113.28
After that , standing in  front of Sita with humility and free from nervousness   and   folding his hands in salutation to her  , Hanuman started talking to her.                                                                       113.29
“If you are agreeable  , I would like to kill   all these women who were earlier frightening you  and torturing you.”                                                                                                                                      113.30
“These cruel Rakshasis   who have  a frightening look   ,horrible behavior, scary cruel   eyes , ugly faces , were heard by me as they were speaking harsh words to you , who was devoted to your  God like  husband  and when you were undergoing hardships in this Asoka forest    , again and again   as per the command of Ravana .”                                                                                                            113.31-113.32
“I wish to kill them using  different types of beatings   in a very horrible manner  , these ugly Rakshasis  with cruel hairs   and eyes  talking together. Please grant this boon to me.”               113.33-113.34
"I wish to kill these Rakshasis , who have spoken harsh words to you and wronged you, striking them down with my fists, hand-blows, long armed  blows,  blows of my shanks and knees, by causing pain to their teeth, biting off their ears and nose and pulling out their hair, making them severely dry-mouthed, tearing them off, leaping over them, encountering them and throwing down their bodies, with their burst cheeks, necks, shoulders and ribs."                                                                              113.35-113.37
“Oh  lady with great fame , by these methods as well as several different type of blows  , I would kill  these fierce ones  , by whom you were threatened   earlier.”                                                      113.38
When Hanuman told like this the kind hearted  Sita who loved the oppressed  she  spoke to him as  follows.                                                                                                                                                    113.39
“Oh great monkey,  who can show anger against these servant maids  who are bound by the  orders given to them   and work in obedience to such orders?”                                                                     113.40
“I have experienced all these sufferings   due to my bad fortune   or due to defective behavior on my part earlier, for all the one experiences is due to  one’s own actions.”                                            113.41
“Oh great one , do not talk like this as this is the  result of fate  which had been decided earlier   and  due to which I underwent these sufferings  and though I am without strength  , I would like to pardon all these servant maids  of Ravana.”                                                                                                           113.42
“They threatened and troubled me   due to the orders of Ravana , the Rakshasa   and since he has been killed  , they would not trouble me, Oh great monkey.”                                                                    113.43   
“Oh monkey ,  please hear from me the verse that was recited  by a bear   in front of tiger  earlier quoted from the collection of texts.”                                                                                                     113.44
“A  divine person  does not participate   in pointing out the sin committed by others towards him  ,    for time protects    those who wear their character as a good ornament.”                                         113.45
“Oh monkey,  mercy has to be shown  to the gentleman as well as the sinner  and the one with auspicious character   or even to a person who deserves to be killed as , there is no one who never commits any wrong.  “                                                                                                                            113.46
“Inauspicious  acts should not be done  even towards Rakshasas who can assume any form they want  and  who wander doing evil to others  .”                                                                                           113.47
When the faultless   Sita . who was the wife of Rama  told him like this , Hanuman who is an expert in speech  , replied.                                                                                                                                   113.48
“Oh lady with fame, you are indeed a  virtuous and suitable wife   of Rama  .Please give me a message to Rama so that I can go to the place where he is.”                                                                          113.49
When he told like this   to Vaidehi the daughter of Janaka ,  replied, “Oh great monkey, I would like to see  my husband.”                                                                                                                          113.50
Hanuman the  very wise  son of the wind God after   hearing these words from her  spoke the following words  which brought happiness to Sita.                                                                                        113.51
“You would see Rama who resembles the full moon  along with Lakshmana  and  along with  his friends  who are alive    and  whose enemies have been killed   , like Sachi Devi saw her husband Indra.”
After  saying this  to Sita who shined like the  real Goddess  of wealth Lakshmi  , The very fast Hanuman   went to the place where Rama    was there.                                                                               113.53
Then Hanuman  the good monkey  told   speedily  in the  sequential order   the reply given  by Sita   who was the daughter of Janaka   to Raghava   who was equal to Indra, the lord of the heavens.     113.54

Thus ends the  hundred and  thirteenth    chapter   of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

114. Rama summons Sita

(Rama  requests Vibheeshana to bring Sita, after   giving her a head bath and decorating her. When Sita refuses decoration, Vibheeshana convinces her.  When Rama  wants Sita to come before him, the Rakshasas disperse all the monkeys from there. Rama gets angry and wants Sita to come before him  in front of them. Sita comes before him.)

That very wise monkey after   offering salutations spoke to Rama who was  the top- most among archers who was a master  of spoken word.                                                                                                                 114.1
“You should see the greatly sorrowing lady Maithili , for whose sake all these activities were undertaken  and positive results obtained.”                                                                                                                          114.2
“That Maithili who was greatly sorrowing and had a tear filled eye  after hearing about your victory is extremely happy.”                                                                                                                                               114.3
“She who has confidence in me due to our previous meeting on a earlier occasion  told me “ I would like to see my husband along with Lakshmana who have achieved their purpose.”                                     114.4
When Hanuman told like this, Rama the best among the followers of Dharma  was overwhelmed with tears and became  greatly thoughtful.                                                                                                            114.5
Taking deep and hot breath he surveyed the earth with his eyes  and told the cloud like Vibheeshana   who was standing near by.                                                                                                                                 114.6
“After  anointing with divine oils and after giving her a  head bath  and after making her wear   divine ornaments bring Sita here without any delay.”                                                                                              114.7
AS soon as Rama told him like this Vibheeshana entered the private apartments speedily and announced himself to Sita  through his own women.                                                                                                         114.8
Then after seeing the great Sita , Vibheeshana  the king of Rakshasas in all humility  saw her and told her with his head bowed in salutation.                                                                                                                    114.9
“Oh Vaidehi after anointing yourself with divine unguents  and after wearing divine ornaments , safely get in to the chariot as your husband wants to see you.”                                                                           114.10
When Vibheeshana told her like this she replied, “Oh king of Rakshasas, I would like to see my husband without taking bath.”                                                                                                                                         114.11
Hearing her words Vibheeshana replied to her , “You ought to obey the   wishes   of your husband  Rama and do accordingly.”                                                                                                                                          114.12
When Maithili who considered her husband as God heard those words and who had great devotion towards her husband said. “So be it.”                                                                                                            114.13
After making Sita take head bath and dressing her up by young ladies , making her wear great ornaments , making her wear   costly dresses , he made her climb a shining palanquin  and after covering her   with costly  cloths  Vibheeshana brought her before Rama  accompanied by several Rakshasis.
After approaching the great one who was still deeply immersed  in thought  and after saluting him with joy , Vibheeshana  announced the arrival of Sita.                                                                                        114.16
Hearing about her arrival after living in the home of the Rakshasa, Raghava felt joy  , misery as well as indignation at the same time.                                                                                                                         114.17
With lack of joy and with deep thought Rama spoke the following words looking at Vibheeshana who was standing by his side .                                                                                                                                  114.18
“Oh gentle king of Rakshasas who forever wants my victory , Let Vaidehi quickly come   before  me.”
AS soon as Vibheeshana who was a follower of Dharma heard those words , with great speed he started   dispersing the crowd  from there .                                                                                                                  114.20
Rakshasas wearing jackets and turbans, their hands carrying staffs which made a jingling sound, walked there all round, dispersing those warriors.                                                                                                    114.21
Bears, Monkeys and Rakshasas who were standing  all over dispersed quickly and went away to some distance from that place  where  the Palanquin was there.                                                                       114.22
When all of them were being dispersed a huge sound arose all over  which resembled the waves of tumultuous ocean during  the  storm.                                                                                                           114.23
Seeing them greatly excited when they were being dispersed , Rama  got it stopped out of kindness     for them and due to resentment at the  Rakshasas who were dispersing them.                                  114.24
Rama who became greatly emotional  with looks that  are sufficient to burn , spoke the following  words of reproach  to the very wise Vibheeshana.                                                                                                 114.25
“Why without my orders    your people are troubling these people? Stop this activity as they are my people.”                                                                                                                                                               114.26
“Neither houses nor  dresses  nor compound walls , nor concealing nor  royal  honours can protect a woman, Only her character is her shield.”                                                                                                   114.27
“The  visibility of a woman is not condemned  during sorrow, during  war , during self choosing of a husband by her nor in Yagnas nor in marriage functions.  “                                                                    114.28
"The Sita who is there ,  is in distress and beset with a great difficulty. There is no fault in her appearance in public, particularly in my presence."                                                                                                        114.29
‘And so let her leave the palanquin and approach me  on her foot and let  all the monkeys   also see her.”                                                                                                                                                                   114.30
When Rama told him like this , the well discerning Vibheeshana with great humility brought Sita to a place near Rama.”                                                                                                                                         114.31
Lakshmana, Sugreeva, Hanuman and other monkeys  who heard the words of Rama , became very much perturbed.                                                                                                                                                       114.32
Seeing the pitiless face of Rama which showed indifference to his consort , they concluded that Rama  disliked  Sita.                                                                                                                                                   114.33
Due to modesty drawing her limbs inside Maithili approached her husband followed by Vibheeshana.
The pleasant-faced Sita , who considered her husband as the God , saw the charming face of her husband, with a surprise, rejoice and affection.                                                                                       114.35
Seeing the face of her beloved husband, whom she had not been seen for a long time and which was charming like the rising full moon, she immediately   got  rid  her mental fatigue.                         114.36

Thus ends the hundred and  fourteenth  chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

115.Rama permits Sita to go wherever she likes

(Rama tells what all he has done to wipe of the blot of bad name on his clan. He feels that by sitting on the lap of Ravana and being stared at by him, she has been spoiled in virtue. He permits    her to go wherever she likes. He even suggests her living with his other brothers or Sugreeva or Vibheeshana.)

Seeing Sita who stood near him with head bent , Rama started telling his innermost feelings hidden in his heart.                                                                                                                                                            115.1
“Lady , I have won you back  after winning the war with the enemy  and whatever is possible by human effort has been done by me .”                                                                                                                      115.2
“I have come to the end of my anger   and outrage and  have completely given up   all my contempt against the enemy   who has been wiped out by me.”                                                                             115.3
“All people have seen my manliness   and my effort has borne fruit  .Since I have fulfilled my oath , I am the master of myself.”                                                                                                                                  115.4
“The  wrong done to you by the fickle minded   Rakshasa by making you separate  from me  , which was brought about by fate   has been corrected by me  who is a mere human being.”                          115.5
“If one is not able to wipe out the insult that was heaped on him  , what is   the use of his masculinity   as   he is only a weak minded person who may be strong.”                                                                         115.6
“The  praise worthy act of  Hanuman of  crossing the sea   and then destroying Lanka has borne its fruit today.”                                                                                                                                                            115.7
"The  act  of Sugreeva, who exhibited his strength on the battle-field with his army and tendered a good advice, is fruitful today."                                                                                                                              115.8
“The act of Vibheeshana    who deserted his characterless brother  and personally   reached me  has borne  its fruit today.”                                                                                                                                  115.9
The eyes  of Sita who had a wide open eyes   and was like a female deer  when she   heard these words of Rama  was filled with tears.                                                                                                                  115.10
Rama who saw  her who was dear to his heart  in this state   was scared  due to the fear of public scandal    about him.                                                                                                                                   115.11
Addressing Sita  whose eyes resembled a fully open lotus flower  and who has dark long curly hair   and excellent hips  , Rama further spoke  in the midst of monkeys and Rakshasas.                               115.12
“I have done my duty which any man is bound to do   by killing Ravana  and wiping out  the insult which was heaped by him on me.”                                                                                                                      115.13
“You have  been won by me   in an act   which was like that of sage Agasthya   who is pure minded and ascetic  and who conquered  the southern direction   which was difficult to be approached by ordinary mortals. “                                                                                                                                                         115.14
“Let it be known  (You may be safe)   this act of war   which has been completed successfully  , with the help of the strength of my friends   was not done for your sake   but   for keeping up my good conduct   and to wipe off  the insults from all sides   as well as insinuations    on my very famous clan.”
‘With your virtue in a doubtful state  , you who are standing in front me    are extremely disagreeable   to me   like a light  for the one with poor eye sight.”                                                                              115.17
“Oh daughter of Janaka  , because of that   I am permitting you  to go wherever you like   among the ten directions   as , oh dear lady , you are of no use to me.”                                                                  115.18
“Which person born in a great family would  take back a woman    who has lived in another person’s house  with an eager mind.”                                                                                                                  115.19
“Considering my great clan  , how can I accept you   again  , after you sat in the lap of Ravana and were stared at by his evil  eyes.”                                                                                                                    115.20
“For that purpose only I won you back   and my honour has been restored and I do not have any great attachment to you and so you may go wherever you like.”                                                            115.21
“Oh lady, I have spoken all this with a very determined mind  . You may set your mind  on Lakshmana or Bharata   as per your liking.”                                                                                                                115.22
“Oh Sita   Set your mind on Shatrugna or Sugreeva    or the Rakshasa Vibheeshana   according to your comfort.”                                                                                                                                                  115.23
“After seeing your divine looks   which is mind catching   living in his own home  ,  Ravana could not have endured your separation.”                                                                                                                    115.24
Maithili who merits being spoken words which are to her liking    after hearing these unpalatable words  from her beloved husband  trembled   for a long time like a creeper   attacked by  a king of elephants  and shed tears.                                                                                                                                        115.25

Thus ends the hundred and  fifteenth   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

116.Sita enters in to the   fire.

(Sita becomes dejected at the attitude of Rama. She assures him   that she is virtuous and her mind had always been with Rama. She requests  Lakshmana to arrange for a burning pyre and later enters in to it. All the monkeys and Rakshasas are sad    to see this.)

Vaidehi hearing these  harsh words of Raghava   which makes one’s hair to stand erect  became very much perturbed.                                                                                                                                         116.1
Maithili who heard these words of her husband   in the midst of multitudes of people ,which she had never heard before  , stood bent due to intense shame.                                                                     116.2
That daughter of Janaka   felt as though all her limbs were pierced   by these sharp arrow like words   and shed tears without end.                                                                                                                     116.3
Then after wiping away    her face which was    wet with her tears  she spoke the following words  slowly   to her husband in a stammering voice.                                                                                                  116.4
“Oh valorous one  , why are you making me hear such very harsh words   which are hurting to hear  , like a common uneducated man to a common uneducated lady.”                                                          116.5
“Oh long armed one  , I am not one like what you have understood   and so have faith in me  as I swear to you on my virtuous character.”                                                                                                          116.6
“By the conduct of some vulgar woman   do not distrust the entire  race of women   and give up your suspicion as   I have been earlier tested by you.”                                                                               116.7
“Oh Lord ,When I came to touch his body  it was not intentional but due to my sheer helplessness and only  my bad fate has to be blamed for that .”                                                                                   116.8
“My heart which was in my control     was living in you and what was I supposed to do  with regard to my limbs  which was under the control of someone else.”                                                                    116.9
“Oh Lord who honours others  , If in spite  of our having lived together  after for love for each other simultaneously grew  , if you have not understood me fully  I am  completely ruined due to your ignorance .”                                                                                                                                            116.10
“Oh king you sent the greatly valorous Hanuman in search of me  and why did you not abandon me then  in Lanka itself , if you had made up your mind like this?”                                                             116.11 
“Oh valorous one  If you had  informed that you are going to desert me , I would have by now given up my life in front of that monkey.”                                                                                                       116.12 
“This unnecessary effort of   keeping your life in jeopardy  could have been avoided   and also your friends would not have undergone so much suffering.”                                                                           116.13
“Oh great king  , like a woman and like a feeble man you gave priority , you became a slave to mere   anger .”                                                                                                                                                  116.14
“Oh knower of good conduct  , though I was supposed to have been born to Janaka, I was  really born to this earth   and such a  sacred birth  of mine  was not honoured by you.”                              116.15
“My marriage to you (holding of hand)  in childhood was not recognized by you   and also you have  chosen to ignore   my devotion and chastity towards you.”                                                    116.16
After  speaking like this  , weeping   and stammering due to great tears   , she said to Lakshmana   who was sad   and was immersed in thought.                                                                                     116.17
“Oh son of Sumithra  , create a funeral pyre  for me   for  I do not want to live  any longer    after such false accusations were leveled against me  and  death seems to be the only solution.”    116.18
“As I have  gained  only  lack of satisfaction from my husband  and expressed it in the midst of the assembly of men,   entering fire seems to be the only course appropriate for me.”        116.19
Hearing the words of Sita, Lakshmana the destroyer of enemies   gave rise to great anger and looked at Rama.                                                                                                                                             116.20
After understanding   the mental inclination of Rama  from the expression of his face  , that son of Sumithra   prepared a pyre  according to the wishes of the valorous Rama.                    116.21
No friend of Rama    was able to dissuade   or speak  at that time to Rama   who was standing like  the God of death   at the time of final   deluge.                                                                              116.22
After slowly going round Rama who was standing with a bent head  , Sita   went towards the pyre with burning fire.                                                                                                                                   116.23
After saluting the Gods   and the Brahmins, Maithili   with palms joined in salutation   spoke the  following words.                                                                                                                           116.24
“Because   my mind   always never   goes away from Raghava  , let the fire God be witness to the world   and protect me from all sides.”                                                                                                 116.25
“Because  Rama feels I have been spoiled in spite of  my unimpeachable    character  , let the fire god be witness to the world and protect me from all sides.”                                                            116.26 
“Since by act  or by mind  or by my words , I have been never unfaithful to Raghava  , who is the follower of all Dharma  , let the  fire God protect me.”                                                                         116.27
“Oh Sun God  , Oh wind God  , oh four directions   and also the moon God   and also the gods protecting   over day time  , dawn, dusk and noon   as well as night   and the earth, you    all know me endowed with a  good character   and so let the   fire God protect me.”                                                     116.28
After speaking like this   , Sita walked  round that fire   and free from any hesitation   entered that  burning   fire.                                                                                                                                116.29
Very large number of people  including   boys and old ones   saw the lustrous Mythili   after she entered  the fire.                                                                                                                                         116.30
She who   was shining like Gold  , decked with ornaments made of pristine Gold   plunged  in to the burning fire  in front of all the people.                                                                                   116.31
They saw the wide  eyed lady   Sita   who was shining like a golden altar  plunge  in to that blazing fire. 
All the  people  of the three worlds   saw that great lady Sita   entering the fire   like the sacred  oblations in to the sacrificial fire .                                                                                                                       116.33
All the ladies present there wailed   on seeing her enter the fire , similar   to the flow of Ghee   plunging in to the  sacrificial fire   duly consecrated  by Vedic hymns.                                                        116.34
The Devas, Gandharwas   and Dhanavas   of the three  worlds  saw  her and  felt that goddess like lady  rushing from heaven to hell.                                                                                                               116.35
When she was entering deep in to the fire  a strange  loud sound   “Alas, Alas”, was heard    from the Rakshasas and monkeys alike.                                                                                                            116.36

Thus ends the hundred and  sixteenth   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

117.The Gods tell Rama  that he is Lord Vishnu.
(All the gods come in aerial chariots and tell Rama that he is no other than the God Vishnu and Sita is no other  than Goddess Lakshmi. This chapter does not merge with the text of Ramayana. Experts believe that  is only an interpolation to prove  that Rama is Go. .)

Hearing the cries of those who were wailing loudly  , Rama , the follower of Dharma  became thoughtful for a while  , as his mind   was greatly upset   and his eyes were filled with tears.                   117.1
Then King Khubera  , Yama  along with manes  , the lord  of devas  , Varuna the God of the water  , the great Mahadeva   who had three    eyes , Brahma  the creator   of all worlds  , the experts in Vedic  knowledge  together reached the city of Lanka   in aerial cars which shined like Sun   and approached Rama.                                                                                                                                                 117.2-117.4
Those great Gods of heaven   lifted their long arms decorated  by several ornaments   and spoke to Rama   who stood there saluting them    with  folded hands.                                                           117.5
“How is it that you who are the lord of all   the worlds   who is the  foremost among intellectuals , are not caring  for Sita who is falling in to fire  ? How is that  you  are not recognizing that  you are  the chief of all the Gods?”                                                                                                                                         117.6
“Among the Vasus you are  the Vasu Rithadhama (standing for truth and divine law)   who was the ruler of people , who was the chief of all the three worlds   and you  , yourself are the lord   of all creatures.
“Among Rudras, you are  the eighth Rudra   and   fifth among Sadhyas  . The two Aswini devathas are your ears   and the Sun and Moon are   your eyes.”                                                                          117.8
“Oh destroyer of your enemies  , You have been seen at  the beginning and end  of all  the worlds   and just like a common man you   are ignoring  Sita.”                                                                              117.9
When those Lords of the world   spoke like this to Rama who was the Lord of creation   himself and who was born in the clan of Raghus   and the  best among those who protect Dharma spoke   to those chief Gods like this.                                                                                                                                        117.10
“I am only a human being called Rama who was the son of Dasaratha   and you who are the Gods  are  telling me  , what I really am   and why am I like  this?”                                                              117.11
When the son of Kakustha  clan told like this  , Lord Brahma , the best among  those who know  Brahma    spoke as follows, “ Oh truly brave one  , please listen to my true  words.”                            117.12
“You are  the God Narayana   , the lord   who wields the  wheel  , you are the one horned boar  who is the winner over your past    and future enemies.”                                                                     117.13
“You are the imperishable Brahma   and  you are the truth in the beginning , middle and end  . You are the Vishvaksena who is the supreme Dharma   and you are the four armed one  .”           117.14
“You are Hrishikesa , Purusha, Purushothama   who wields the bow called Saranga.  You cannot be defeated , you are Vishnu who wields the sword  and you are  the very strong Krishna.”  117.15
“You are the  commander of the army  , the chief of the village  , you are wisdom ,patience  and  controller  of the senses  . You are the origin and dissolution, you are Vamana   and you are  the killer of Madhu.”                                                                                                                                              117.16
“You are the great Indra who rules over Devas  , you are Padmanabha   , you are the one who ends the battle  , you are the refuge to those who do not have refuge  and you are the words of the great sages.”  
“You are the soul of the Vedas  , you are the great bull with hundred heads  and thousand horns   , you  are the primeval force of the three worlds  , you are your own lord  , you are the refuge of the Sidhas and Sadhyas   and  were  one who were before them.”                                                               117.18-117.19
“You are the Yagna  , you are the sound “Vashat”  , you are “Om”  , you are the divine for the divines  and people do not know  your origin or end   and do not know who you really are.”                       117.20
“You can be seen in all beings , in the cows  , in the Brahmins  , in all directions, in the sky   , mountain and rivers.”                                                                                                                                                     117.21
“You are with thousand feet  , hundred heads  , with thousand eyes  and are with Goddess Lakshmi.  . You carry the earth    along   with all its beings   and mountains.”                                                         117.22
“Oh Rama, you appear like a great serpent   in the waters supporting the earth   wherefrom  you carry all  the three worlds  and you also support Devas, Dhanavas and Gandharwas.  “                                  117.23
“Oh Rama, I am your heart  ,  the goddess Saraswathi is your toungue   and all the devas created by  Lord Brahma    are your hairs and limbs.”                                                                                                          117.24
“When you close your eyes  it is night and when you open your eyes it is day  , the words that you use   are the Vedas  and the universe does not exist without you.”                                                              117.25
“The entire universe is your body  , your stability is the firmness of earth  , your anger is fire  and your pleasant  face is the mon and you are recognized by Srivathsa.”                                                        117.26
“In the past , you occupied the three worlds by your three steps   after tying up   the very formidable Mahabali   and made Indra , the king of devas.”                                                                                  117.27
“Sita is no other than Lakshmi , your consort when you were Vishnu  , you the king of people with black blue colour    and you have taken the form of man so as to kill Ravana.”                                      117.28
“Oh Rama  , the greatest among followers of Dharma  , you have completed your job   by killing Ravana  and so return to heavens with joy.”                                                                                                       117.29
“Oh God, your valour is immeasurable   and  your exploits are never in vain  . Oh Rama  seeing you leads to unmatched blessings   and  songs about you never go  waste.”                                                 117.30
 "Those humans who are full of devotion to you will never be unsuccessful on this earth. Those who are devoted to you, the primeval and the eternal lord, belonging to ancient times and the Supreme Person, will forever attain their desired objects here as well as hereafter."                                   117.31-117.32
“Those humans    who would recite this divine   , primeval and epic   hymn    sung by Lord Brahma  will never ever face disappointment  .”                                                                                                      117.33

Thus ends the hundred and  seventeenth   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

118.The fire God returns Sita   and says that  she ins unblemished.

(The fire god comes out carrying Sita and tells Rama that she is without any blemish for she has never thought of anyone else except Rama. Rama tells the fire God that, he  knew about it but wanted the world also to know about it.)

Hearing these auspicious words spoken by Lord Brahma   , the fire God   taking Vaidehi in his arms  came up .                                                                                                                                                                         118.1
Shaking the  pyre   and taking with him Sita  the daughter of Janaka   , the fire God sprang up and appeared  in person.                                                                                                                                          118.2
Carrying  in her arms the  young lady who was shining like  young rising  Sun wearing ornaments made of refined Gold   , wearing a dress of red blood colour   , wearing a dark  braided    hair  , wearing further garlands made of flower  which had not faded    and  with matchless form , the fire  God  restored her to Rama.                                                                                                                                                        118.3 -118.4
That fire God who is the witness of the all the worlds  then told Rama, “oh Rama, here is your Sita  who does not have any sin in her.”                                                                                                                          118.5
“Either by word   or mind   or even by  intellect  and not even by the eyes  , she has never been unfaithful to you  .”                                                                                                                                           118.6
“The Rakshasa Ravana   who was arrogant and proud of his valour    took away   this miserable and helpless lady from the lonely hermitage and separated her   from you.”                                            118.7
“And then she , who had only you in her mind  and whose mind was longing for you  was taken to his private apartments   and hidden there  and guarded by  frightful Rakshasis   with horrifying brain.”  
“Then Sita whose mind was always bound in you  ignored that Rakshasa though he tried to allure her  by frightening her and by various other means.”                                                                                  118.9
“Take back this   very pure and sinless  Maithili  and I command you not to tell anything harsh to her.”
Then Rama the follower of Dharma   who had a mind which loves   hearing these blessed words  , with eyes filled with tears of joy   thought for a moment.                                                                          118.11
Then that very lustrous and  greatly valorous  Rama , the best among those upholding Dharma  replied like this  to the great Deva .                                                                                                                     118.12
“Sita  merited  this   test  of purification  in the eyes of the people  as this pure woman had resided in the private  apartment of Ravana for a long time.”                                                                                   118.13
“Suppose I had accepted   Janaki   without   testing her  , the world would say  “alas , Rama  , the son of Dasaratha   is childish and his mind is filled only with lust.”                                                              118.14
“I  wanted the   world to know   that this Maithili   who is the   daughter of Janaka   is undivided in her affection towards me  and is always   within my mind.”                                                                118.15
“This broad eyed one   is protected by her own luster   and Ravana  would not be able to transgress her like , the sea cannot transgress its shore.”                                                                                             118.16
“In order to convince the three worlds  , I whose only refuge is truth , ignored Vaidehi   when she was entering the fire.”                                                                                                                                       118.17
“That bad  soul could  not even touch Maithili  even by his mind  who is unobtainable and   flaming like the toungue  of fire.”                                                                                                                               118.18
“This auspicious lady  would not have bothered about the wealth of the private apartment of Ravana  , since Sita is no different from me  , like sunlight is not different from the sun.”                         118.19
“Maithili the daughter of Janaka   is purest in all the three worlds   and I would not be able to renounce her   as  a good name  cannot be ignored by  a prudent man.”                                                      118.20
“I would definitely follow all the advice given to me by you for my benefit  as  you are   all the affectionate guardians of the world.”                                                                                                  118.21
Saying thus and getting reunited with her beloved Sita , the victorious and  the very famous   Rama, a scion of Raghu dynasty, who was endowed with a great strength and deserved happiness and was being glorified by his exploits, performed by his own self, experienced joy.                                            118.22

Thus ends the hundred and  eighteenth    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

119. Rama meets Dasaratha

(Along with Indra Dasaratha had come to see his son .He  expresses great happiness  in being able to see him. He also blesses Lakshmana and Sita and gives them his blessings   and advise.)

After hearing these auspicious words    that was spoken by Raghava  , Lord Shiva   told even more    auspicious   words to him.                                                                                                                       119.1
“Oh Rama with lotus like  eyes  , great hands   and  great chest  , who is the destroyer of his enemies  , who is the best among those who uphold Dharma  , You have accomplished   a great task without any doubt.”                                                                                                                                                          119.2
“ Oh Rama,  Fortunately  the fear caused by Ravana   which had intensified the severe darkness of the world   has  been   removed by you in the battle field.”                                                                     119.3
"You are fit to get heavenly joy  , by comforting the depressed Bharata and the illustrious Kausalya as well as seeing Kaikeyi and Sumithra, the mother of Lakshmana  and then getting   the sovereignty of Ayodhya, bringing delight to your friends, stabilizing the back-bone of  the race of Ikshuvaku, getting excellent glory by performing a horse-sacrifice and by granting riches to Brahmans."        119.4-119.6
“Oh Rama, the son of Kakustha clan,  your father the famous   king  Dasaratha who is to be venerated by you     is seated on an aerial car in this mortal world.”                                                                           119.7  
“That great one   obtained the world of Indra  , having been send by  you his son   and   you please along with your brother Lakshmana offer your salutation to him.”                                                                  119.8
Hearing the words of Lord Shiva  , that son of Kakustha clan along with Lakshmana    saluted      their   father   who was sitting on the top most part of the aerial car.                                                             119.9
Lakshmana and his elder brother   saw   their father who was their lord clad in shining cloths    and shining  in his own great splendour.                                                                                                          119.10
Then the king Dasaratha the lord who was sitting in the aerial car, in an excellent seat, was filled with excessive delight to see his son (Rama), who was dearer to him than life. Placing him in his lap and embracing him in his arms, he thereupon  told him the following words.                             119.11-119.12
“Without you, Oh Rama  , the heaven is not to my liking  nor is the respect given to me by the foremost of the devas there.  I am telling you the truth.”                                                                                         119.13
“Today seeing you after you have killed your enemies    , my mind is full   and I am greatly happy that you have completed the full period of your stay in the forest.”                                                           119.14
“Oh expert in speech, the words of Kaikeyi   which were told to you   for sending you away to the forest are still imprinted in my mind.”                                                                                                                   119.15
“Seeing you   in  health   and happily embracing Lakshmana   today,   as completely driven away my sorrow similar to the Sun driving away all the mist.”                                                                 119.16
“Oh great son,  I have  been liberated   by you, my   good son , just like   the great soul Ashtavakra   liberated Kahola.”                                                                                                                                           119.17
“Oh gentle one,  I now recognize  you as the supreme person  (God)   as   was  told by the Gods here  ,  born to kill Ravana.”                                                                                                                                 119.18
“Kausalya is indeed blessed  , oh killer of  enemies   because she would be able to see  you return from the forest.”                                                                                                                                                       119.19
“All the men are  indeed blessed , who would be able to see   you return to the city   and then consecrated   there as lord of earth.”                                                                                                          119.20
“I see you reunited    along with Bharata   who loves you   and   who  is  honest and a follower of Dharma.”                                                                                                                                                           119.21
“Oh gentle one   You have spent fourteen years  by residing in the forest   along with   the very intelligent Lakshmana and Sita.”                                                                                                                   119.22
“My oath was implemented by you   as you have   completed your term in exile    and the devas are happy because you killed Ravana in this battle.”                                                                                        119.23
“Oh killer of enemies  , by doing this job   you have earned great fame and glory  .Get consecrated on the throne  and may   you attain long life with your brothers. “                                                                    119.24
“To the king who was speaking thus with folded hands in salutation, Rama requested, “ Oh knower of Dharma ,   be gracious    with Kaikeyi and Bharata.”                                                                                   119.25
“let those words spoken by you “I disown you Kaikeyi   with your son  ‘Which is a great curse  not affect Kaikeyi and her son.”                                                                                                                                      119.26
The king then said , “so be it”   to Rama   who stood with joined palms in salutation      and embraced Lakshmana and told the following words.                                                                                                 119.27
“You have looked after  Rama with  great devotion along with Sita the  daughter of Videha   and this has  earned great  merit for you   and I have been greatly gratified.”                                                         119.28
“  Oh knower of Dharma,  As Rama is pleased with you . you will attain   religious merit   and great fame   on earth and also in heaven    and also excellent power .”                                                                         119.29
“Lead a safe life , oh son who increases the happiness of Sumithra , Serve Rama well    for he would always be interested    in the welfare of the entire world.”                                                                  119.30
“Indra, the beings of three worlds  , Sidhas and great sages   would offer worship   to the great Rama   as the   supreme person on approaching him.”                                                                                            119.31
“Oh gentle one, Oh destroyer of enemies    Rama has been spoken as   the  difficult to see  , imperishable  Brahman established by the Vedas    and the  heart   and secret of all devas.”                                119.32
“By serving him with devotion along   with Sita , the princess of Videha  , you have obtained   the unobtainable reward   to the  practice of Dharma   and also great fame.”                                        119.33
After speaking like this to Lakshmana    the king  greeted  his daughter in law who was standing saluting him as “Oh daughter”,   and affectionately advised her.                                                                       119.34
“You should not get angry   at   Rama   for having repudiated you   because this was done   , aimed at your welfare    and show the world your purity.”                                                                                    119.35
“What you have done which is difficult to perform revealed your true character  , Oh daughter and is difficult to be performed by other ladies    and your fame will overshadow theirs.”                        119.36
“You need not be told about how to serve your  husband   but   I have   the duty to tell you   that  he  is your supreme God.”                                                                                                                                      119.37
After instructing  like this his sons as well as his daughter in law    Dasaratha     went to the land of Indra   in the   aerial car.                                                                                                                                            119.38
The great soul   and that great king   endowed with great luster   took leave of his sons   along with Sita   and   climbed in to the aerial car  and went to the Abode of Indra.                                                     119.39

Thus ends the hundred and  nineteenth    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

120.Rama  asks Indra a boon to make all  dead monkeys alive.

(When Indra who was greatly happy asked Rama to request for a boon, he wanted Indra to bring all dead monkeys back to life. He also wanted that they should also get   fruits in off season. Indra grants those boons,)

When Dasaratha of the Kakustha clan returned , Indra the destroyer of Pakasura   who was greatly pleased   spoke to Rama who stood with folded hands in salutation.                                                 120.1
“Oh Rama , Oh best among men  , You have showed as a very great vision   and it should not go in vain.  Since I am greatly delighted  , Please ask  me what you desire in  your mind.”                                120.2
When the very pleased  great Indra   spoke like this   Raghava who was greatly pleased   told the following  joyful words.                                                                                                                                 120.3
“Oh   greatest among those who converse  , Oh Lord of the devas, if you have real affection towards me, please make what I ask as true. “                                                                                                              120.4
“Al those  monkeys    who have fought for my sake    and reached the world of God of death   , let all those  people   get up.”                                                                                                                               120.5
“Oh  God who gifts honour  , I wish to see   all those monkeys  , who have lost their  life for my sake  and removed    from their sons and wives   become  happy once again.”                                                 120.6
 “They were all valorous    and  fought without bothering about their death   and after   great efforts died. “Oh Indra, please  restore  their lives.”                                                                                       120.7
" Let all those monkeys   who thought death   as nothing and who were only  fond of doing  a favour to me get re-united with their near and dear ones by your grace. I seek this boon from you."             120.8
“Oh person   of honour  , I wish to see    all those  monkeys   and bears    free from pain and from wounds    with increased strength and valour.  “                                                                                  120.9
“Wherever those monkeys  live  let   there be rivers of  pure water  , flowers , roots and fruits even in the off season.”                                                                                                                                               120.10
Hearing these words of the great soul Raghava  , Mahendra   , again spoke the following words to him. 
“Oh  Son ,best of Raghu clan   , this boon which you have asked for   is very great  and since I have never spoken about any aspect  twice   in the past, this will come true.”                                                120.12
“Let all those monkeys and bears   along with long tailed monkeys  , who have been killed in this battle by the Rakshasas  and whose heads and arms  have been severed , become active again.”      120.13
“Without any problem to their health   with increased strength and valour    those monkeys would rise again, like  a man asleep getting up at the end of sleep.”                                                                   120.14   
“All of them with very great joy    will  meet with their relatives , friends ,  people of their clan   and with their family members.”                                                                                                                             120.15
“Oh wielder of a great bow  , trees would be filled with colourful flowers   and fruits even in the off season    and rivers would constantly carry them water.”                                                                 120.16
Then all   the monkey   warriors   got up as if from sleep   with  all their limbs completely healed of all the wounds   and being greatly surprised they said to one another, “What a miracle?”                 120.17
Seeing the wish of the son of Kakustha clan has been fully realized  , the great devas  with great happiness  praised  Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                          120.18
They said, “Oh king  , go to Ayodhya from here   after disbanding the monkey army and   reassuring the famous Sita  , who is greatly  affectionate towards you.”                                                                 120.19
“Oh killer of enemies  , go and see your brother Bharata who is practicing  austerities   because of grief   caused by separation from you  and the great Shatrugna  , all your mothers    and get yourself crowned   and bring joy to all the citizens.”                                                                                                 120.20-120.21
After speaking  like this to Rama and the son of Sumithra  , the thousand eyed one   , greatly pleased   with other devas  in their respective aerial cars   which were shining like Sun.                               120.22
After  greeting   all those devas , Rama along with his brother Lakshmana  instructed all the monkeys to take rest in their respective places.                                                                                                          120.23
  The greatly rejoicing mighty and famous    army which was protected   by Lakshmana   as well as Rama, shined brightly on all sides  like the night illuminated by the moon.                                                120.24

Thus ends the hundred and  twentieth    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

121.Vibheeshana offers the Pushpaka  Vimana for their return journey.

(Rama refuses politely the hospitality offered by Vibheeshana and wants to go back as quickly as possible. Vibheeshana summons the Pushpaka Vimana which can travel at the speed of the mind.)

Vibheeshana wished victory  to Rama who was the destroyer of enemies   and who had  risen up   fresh after   a good night’ s rest   and spoke the following words   with hands folded in salutation.  121.1
"These women with lotus-like eyes, who are skilled in the art of decoration have come   with bathing accessories like garments, ornaments, sandal-pastes and beautiful garlands of various kinds. They will assist you in bathing Oh Rama."                                                                                                      121.2-121.3
That son of Kakustha clan   said these words in reply to Vibheeshana, “ You invite   the monkeys headed by Sugreeva   for this bath.”                                                                                                                        121.4
“That Bharata  who is the votary  of Dharma  who is accustomed   to comfort    and is a delicate youth  , a great hero   and one consistent   with truth   is suffering because of me.”                                       121.5
“In the absence of Bharata    who is the son of Kaikeyi , I do not like to have ritual bathing or wear garments   and jewels.”                                                                                                                               121.6
“Please examine how    we can go speedily back to my city   of Ayodhya   , because  the path by  which we came is difficult  to follow  .”                                                                                                                      121.7
When he was thus spoken to Vibheeshana    replied to Rama  , “Oh son of the King, I can make you reach that   city within a day.”                                                                                                                               121.8
“Oh Rama of matchless  powers  , Pushpaka Vimana is an aerial car which shines like the sun   and was forcibly usurped by my brother  Ravana   from Khubera  , after he conquered him   That divine car   moves as per the person’s wish   and is wonderful and excellent and this car   is retained here for  your sake  ,May you be safe.”                                                                                                                 121.9-121.10
“That cloud like aerial car    stands here  and using that car   you can reach  Ayodhya   without any trouble  .”                                                                                                                                                       121.11
"Oh very wise   prince! If I deserve to be treated with kindness by you, if you think of any  goodness   in me and if you have any affection in me, stay here for some more time."                                             121.12
“Oh Rama,  I am offering to you with respect   all that you desire   and so you along with your brother   and your consort Sita   can stay here and then depart.”                                                                           121.13
“ Oh Rama  , please accept  along with your army as well   as all your friends  my hospitality offered with great affection  , fixed and arranged by me .”                                                                                            121.14
“Oh Raghava  , I am only entreating you   with love , with respect   and with friendship    and being your servant  I am not commanding you.”                                                                                                          121.15
When He spoke like this Rama   replied  to Vibheeshana   while all the Rakshasas    and monkeys    were  listening  .                                                                                                                                                          121.16
“Oh destroyer of enemies  , Oh Valorous one  , I am greatly honoured   by the advices that you gave me   as well as   great efforts put up soulfully.”                                                                                                   121.17
“Oh king of Rakshasas, it is not that I disregard your words   but my heart  wants me to speed away from here to see my brother Bharata .”                                                                                                                 121.18
“That Bharata  came all the way to Chithrakuta  mountains  to take me back , though I did not agree to his request , in spite of his requesting me with bent head along  with Kausalya, Sumithra   and the famous Kaikeyi , my friend Guha  , citizens and village folks.”                                                     121.19-121.20
“Oh gentle one , permit me to go and Oh friend, I feel honoured by you  and I request you  not to get disappointed .”                                                                                                                                                  121.21
“Oh king of Rakshasas , summon the aerial car immediately  , for how is it proper   for me to to stay here after my task has  been accomplished.”                                                                                                        121.22
Hearing the words of Rama, Vibheeshana the king of  the Rakshasas  then hastily invoked the presence of that aerial car shining like the sun, with colourful parts made of gold, with the platform made of cat's-eye gems, which was full of attics, which shined  like silver on all sides, decorated well with white flags and flag-staff, decked with gold and golden lotuses, graced with golden mansions, hung all over with networks of tiny bells, giving forth a melodious sound on all sides, resembling a summit of Mount Meru, built by Vishvakarma, which was graced with stately palaces decked with pearls and silver, provided with pavements inlaid with crystal, furnished with excellent seats of cat's eye gems of great value and upholstered with highly valuable coverings.                                                                                              121.23-121.28
After informing Rama that the aerial car which cannot be attacked   and which travels as fast as the mind has arrived there , Vibheeshana stood there.                                                                                                                         121.29
That Pushpaka   , the aerial car which can go to any place we desire  , which was like a mountain   stood there and seeing it  Rama  along with Lakshmana was greatly surprised .                                                                                    121.30

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty first     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

122. The monkeys , Sugreeva and Vibheeshana travel with Rama.

(As per Rama’s request all the monkeys are rewarded with gold and precious jewels by Vibheeshana. When Rama ask their permission, that all request him to  take them also   to Ayodhya along with them.Rama agrees. They all start to Ayodhya.)

Keeping ready that Pushpaka aerial car decorated   by flowers  , Vibheeshana who was standing not far off spoke  to Rama.                                                                                                                                              122.1
That king of Rakshasas with all humility standing with folded arms in salutation  asked “Oh Raghava  , What else can I do?”                                                                                                                                             122.2
After some reflection and thought  , the greatly lustrous Rama  with love  spoke the following words to him, while Lakshmana was listening to it.                                                                                                        122.3
“ Of Vibheeshana , Let all these  persons who live in the forest   , who performed great tasks  be honoured   with gifts of precious stones   and riches of various kinds.”                                                    122.4
“Oh king of Rakshasas, along with you   they have won over Lanka   , fighting  the war with joy without   any fear for their lives .”                                                                                                                                     122.5
“All  of them who live in the forest   have completed their job    and so by giving them   wealth and gems , reward their achievement.”                                                                                                                              122.6
“Duly cheered and honoured by you this way  , all these monkey chiefs   will feel thankful and greatly  happy. “                                                                                                                                                                 122.7
“They will all be  closer  to you acknowledging  your generosity   for honouring them   and for showing compassion to them   and for winning over your senses and because of this I am reminding you.” 122.8
“Oh king, When a king does not have loving qualities but goes on ordering them to kill people in the battle , the soldiers  feel agitated and leave   that king.  “                                                                         122.9
When Rama told like this Vibheeshana, honoured all the monkeys  and  distributed gold and precious stones    to  them.”                                                                                                                                          122.10
Seeing that the monkey chiefs were honoured by distribution of gems and wealth , Rama got in to that excellent aerial car.                                                                                                                                         122.11
Rama taking along with him in his hands  the famous Vaidehi who was shy  along with his brother Lakshmana climbed in to that aerial car   armed with a bow.                                                                 122.12
Rama who was seated in the  aerial car appreciated all those monkeys  as well as the greatly valorous Sugreeva    along with Vibheeshana.                                                                                                             122.13
“Oh greatly valorous monkeys , you have done the  duty of a friend towards me .Please give me permission to go and I request to go wherever it pleases you.”                                                              122.14
“Oh Sugreeva , you who were  scared to go against Dharma  , have done to me all that needs   to be done  like an affectionate and service minded friend. Please go  back to Kishkinda along with your  friends.”                                                                                                                                                                122.15
“Oh Vibheeshana settle down in  your kingdom of Lanka which was given by me  and not even Indra along with his Devas would be able to attack you.”                                                                                    122.16
“I am going back to Ayodhya which is the capital city of my father and as I  wish to leave you all, I request you to permit me to go .”                                                                                                                  122.17
When Rama spoke like this , the monkeys , their kings  as well as Vibheeshana told him as follows with folded hands .                                                                                                                                                      122.18
“If you are willing to take us all, we all desire to go Ayodhya  and there we will wander around the parks   and forests and enjoy.”                                                                                                                                      122.19
“Oh  excellent king ,  there we would see you being consecrated   and  would also   salute mother Kausalya  and will soon return to our homes.”                                                                                             122.20
When all the monkeys as well as Vibheeshana  told him like this , Rama who  is the follower of Dharma , told as follows  to Sugreeva, monkeys and to Vibheeshana.                                                                     122.21
“I would get something dearer than the dearest  , if I go there along with friends like you  all and I would be greatly delighted. “                                                                                                                                       122.22
“Oh Sugreeva ,  speedily get in to the aerial car with all monkeys and oh Vibheeshana , you also get in to it along with your ministers. “                                                                                                                     122.23
Then Sugreeva along with his monkeys got up in the divine  aerial car  called Pushpaka with great joy  and so also did Vibheeshana along with his ministers.                                                                             122.24
When all of them boarded it that   divine aerial car of Khubera  started   flying in the sky as per the orders  .                                                                                                                                                              122.25
Travelling in that great divine aerial car  with  the image of a swan  which was then flying in air  , Raghava shined like Khubera himself.                                                                                                           122.26
All the monkeys , bears and very strong Rakshasas  comfortably sat  in that very spacious and divine aerial car.                                                                                                                                                            122.27

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty  second   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

123.Rama shows the important places to Sita

(Rama shows all the important places from the aerial car on the way back As per request of Sita,  the wives of the monkey chiefs also accompany their husbands.    The Vimana reaches near Ayodhya,)

As per the permission of Rama that excellent aerial car  which had images of swan in it  flew across the sky making great sound .                                                                                                                                    123.1
Then Rama  , the joy of the Raghu clan , after rotating his eyes in all directions spoke to Sita , the princess of Mithila   who had a moon like face.                                                                                             123.2
“Oh Vaidehi , please see , the city of Lanka built on  the top of three peaks  which was built by Viswakarma  and which looks like the Kailasa mountain.”                                                                           123.3
“Oh Sita, see this battle field covered with mud , blood and  flesh  which was the cause of death of the monkeys and Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                                   123.4
“Oh Broad eyed Sita, here lies Ravana , the king of Rakshasas, the tormentor of people and on whom boons were conferred by Lord Brahma and who was killed by me for your sake.”                                  123.5
“Here Kumbhakarna and Prahastha    were killed   and here Dhoomraksha was killed by Hanuman. “
“Here Vidhyunamali was killed by   the great soul Sushena  and in battle  Lakshmana  killed Indrajit the  son of Ravana here.”                                                                                                                                            123.7
"Here was killed a  Rakshasa  called Vikata by Angadha. Virupaksha, who was disagreeable to the sight, Mahaparsva, Mahodara, Akampana, Trisiras, Atikaya , Devantaka, Narantaka and other mighty demons were also killed here."                                                                                                                              123.8-123.9
“Both Yuddonmatta and Matta, the foremost of demons, as also Nikumbha and Kumbha the sons of Kumbhakarna, as also the strong Vajradamshtra, Damshtra and many Rakshasas were killed. Makaraksha, the most difficult Rakshasa  to be attacked, was struck down by me in this battle-field."                                               123.10-123.11
"Akampana was killed in the great battle here . The valorous   Shonitaksha was also killed. Yupaksa and Prajangha were also killed."                                                                                                                              123.12
“Vidhyujihwa  the Rakshasa with a huge form was killed  here . Here Yajnashatru was killed  and the very strong Supthagna . Sooryashathru was killed and Brahma Shatru was  killed   afterwards.                 123.13
“Here Mandodhari   who is the wife of Ravana surrounded by one thousand of her  co wives lamented for the death   of Ravana.  “                                                                                                                             123.14
“Oh Sita with a blessed face , here you can see water descending in to the ocean , where after crossing the sea  we spent the night.”                                                                                                                           123.15
“Here is a bridge built by me  over the salty ocean  which was with great difficulty constructed  by Nala and which is called  “Nala’s bridge””                                                                                                              123.16
“Oh Vaidehi see this imperturbable ocean called the  “Home of Varuna”  which is roaring  as if  it is boundless   and which  is teeming with large number of conches   and shells.”                                    123.17
“Oh Maithili , see here this olden mountain called Mainaka , which is the king of mountains which rose up from the sea   to provide rest to Hanuman.”                                                                                          123.18
“Please see this island located in the middle  of the ocean were my army  was stationed  here and where  Lords Shiva showed his grace to me.”                                                                                                           123.19  
“Here you are seeing the scared waters of   the very great ocean, which is worshipped in all the three worlds  and is  well known as  “The bridge of the Sethu”. It is a very auspicious and divine place  , which destroys major sins committed by us  and the king of Rakshasas, Vibheeshana came to meet me here.”
“Oh Sita, here you see the very pretty city of Sugreeva called Kishkinda  attached with a colourful forest. The Monkey chief Vali was killed by me here.”                                                                                       123.22
Sita  who was timid due to love after seeing the city of Kishkinda which was ruled by Vali  said the following courteous words   to Rama.                                                                                                       123.23
“I would like to go the capital city of Ayodhya   along with you and accompanied by the wives of monkey chiefs  which should include Tara  and other beloved wives of Sugreeva.”                            123.24-123.25
When Rama heard these words of Sita, he said, “Let it be like that”,  and made the aerial car halt when they reached Kishkinda  and looking at Sugreeva , Rama spoke the following words.”                    123.26
“Oh tiger among monkeys instruct all your monkey chiefs to come to Ayodhya accompanied    by their  wives.”                                                                                                                                                               123.27
“Oh mighty Sugreeva , the king of monkeys , you too bring all your ladies along with the great army of yours along with their wives and then, we would proceed.”                                                                 123.28
When the greatly lustrous Rama spoke like this Sugreeva , the king of the monkeys , accompanied by all other  monkeys entered  in to  his private apartment  and looked at Tara  and spoke.        123.29-123.30
“Oh Darling , you have been permitted  along  with wives of other great monkeys to proceed to Ayodhya  by Rama to satisfy the  wishes of Sita.”                                                                                                        123.31
“Hurry up, we shall proceed along with the wives  of all other monkey chiefs    and show them the city of Ayodhya  as well as the widows of Dasaratha.”                                                                                          123.32
Hearing the words of Sugreeva, Tara who was pretty all over called the wives of other monkey chiefs and told them as follows.                                                                                                                                 123.33
“As per the order of Sugreeva ,. Let all the monkey ladies   hurry up to proceed to Ayodhya  and  a kindly act has also been done to me by fulfilling my wish to see Ayodhya.”                                                    123.34
“We will also see the entry of Rama in to that city along with  people of the city as well as villages  and also would see the great opulence of the widows of  Dasaratha.”                                                          123.35
“With the permission of Tara all those monkey ladies , after dressing themselves according to rule , went round the aerial car and got in to it  with a wish to see Sita.”                                                                   123.36
Raghava after seeing the aerial car rise quickly , when they neared the Rishyamooka mountain spoke again to Maithili.                                                                                                                                                123.37
“Oh Sita , now you are seeing the very great Rishyamooka mountain which is blessed with ore of Gold   and which looks like  cloud along with lightning. “                                                                                       123.38
“It was here that I met  Sugreeva , the king of monkeys  and made an agreement   for the killing   of  Vali.”                                                                                                                                                                      123.39
“Here you see the colourful forests as well as the Pampa river , where I greatly lamented for being separated from you.”                                                                                                                                         123.40
“I saw Sabari , the follower of Dharma on its shore  and here  I happened to kill Kabandha with one Yojana long arms. “                                                                                                                                             123.41
“Oh Sita, there you are seeing Janasthana   with its very holy   trees and oh pretty one, a great war between Ravana and Jatayu , the very strong lord of birds happened there for your sake .”123.42-123.43
“Oh lady with  very pretty colour , this is where I killed Khara  with straight arrows , where Dhooshana  was struck down  and the mighty Trisiras was killed  and oh charming lady there   is the hermitage  built by leaves  from where you were taken away by the king of Rakshasas.”                                   123.44-123.45
“Here is the pretty  and auspicious river Godavari with clear   waters  and the hermitage of Agasthya surrounded by Banana groves.”                                                                                                                     123.46
“Here is the shining hermitage of  the very great Sutheeshna and you also see the great hermitage of Sarabhanga, where the thousand eyed  Indra , the destroyer of cities came  .”                     123.47-123.48
“Oh lady with a slender waist , here you are seeing  the hermitages for which sage Atri  who has a luster like fire and  the sun is the chief.”                                                                                                                 123.49
“It was in this place that  the very huge bodied Viradha was killed by me   and it was here Sita that you saw the lady sage (Anasuya)   who was the great follower of Dharma.”                                       123.50
“Oh lady with a pretty body , here is excellent and lustrous mountain of Chithrakuta  and it was here  that Bharatha came   to please me.”                                                                                                              123.51
“Oh Maithili , here  you can see  the river Yamuna surrounded by colourful forests  and you can also see the great hermitage  of  the saint Bharadwaja.”                                                                                          123.52
“Here you can see the blessed Ganga with three   different streams  whose banks are crowded by flocks of birds  and whose shores are lined with flowering forests.”                                                                   123.53
“We have now reached Srungaberipura where  my friend Guha lives  and you can see  the Sarayu river  both whose banks have attractive flowering trees. “                                                                                 123.54
“And now you can see  Ayodhya , the capital city of my father  and  having returned back , Oh Sita, please salute this city of Ayodhya.”                                                                                                               123.55
There all the monkeys, Rakshasas as well as Vibheeshana , jumped again and again to get a good  glimpse  of that  great city.                                                                                                                              123.56
After that  the monkeys along with the Rakshasas  saw that Ayodhya, having rows of white palaces, intersected with wide roads, and crowded with elephants and horses, looking like Amravati, the City of Indra the lord of Devas.                                                                                                                                   123.57

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty  third   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

124.Rama goes to hermitage of sage Bharadwaja

(Rama decides to go to the hermitage of sage Bharadwaja before going to Ayodhya.  He requests the sage for information about welfare of the city. The sage assures him that things are okay.  He says that he knew all the activities of Rama by his divine power. Rama requests him to make all the trees up to Ayodhya fully laden with fruits and flowers. The sage blesses that it would be like that.) 

The fourteen years had been completed and it was  the fifth phase of the moon   and the elder brother of Lakshmana   reached the hermitage of Bharadwaja   and saluted the sage  as per the rules.    124.1
After  saluting   the sage Bharadwaja  , who has a rich asset of  penance  , he enquired , “Oh God like sage,  have you heard of abundance of food in the city of Ayodhya   and is the city free from  disease?  Is Bharata ruling it with attention?  Are all my mothers alive ?”                                                           124.2
When  sage Bharadwaja heard these words of Rama  , He with  a joyful disposition and a smile   replied that chief of Raghu clan.                                                                                                                           124.3
“Bharata who lives smearing mud on his limbs  and has matted locks, places   your sandals before   him and is looking forward   to your arrival . In your city and home all are  safe.”                              124.4 
"Oh Rama who is  victorious in battles,  previously  , on seeing you going deep into the great forest on foot, with the sole intention of practicing Dharma , clad in pieces of bark, going away from kingship  , sacrificing all sort of enjoyments, like an Deva  fallen from heaven, having renounced all your possessions,  along with your spouse  as the third one of your party , resolving to   carry  out the behest of your father and intent on implementing the pledge given  to Kaikeyi and living on wild roots and fruits, pity arose in me ."                                                                                                                  124.5-124.7
“But on seeing you now   I am feeling very happy   as you have fulfilled your promise  , conquered all your enemies   and have returned accompanied   by hosts   of friends  and relatives.”            124.8
“Oh Raghava I very well know  completely  all the pleasures and sorrow   that happened to you , due to your having to live in Janasthana .”                                                                                                       124.9
“While you were  busy protecting all the Brahmins as per  the request of all ascetics , The stain less wife  of yours was abducted  by Ravana,”                                                                                                    124.10
"Oh  Rama, who is   devoted to Dharma,  even the appearance of Mareecha, the abduction of Sita by Ravana, the sight of Kabandha, your arrival at the Pampa lake, your alliance with Sugreeva, as to  how Vali was killed by you, the search-operation for Sita, the exploit of Hanuman in  the tracing of Sita, how the bridge Nalasetu was constructed  , how the City of Lanka was set fire by the rejoiced monkey-chiefs, how that Ravana who was the thorn in the side of gods  who  was arrogant of his strength   was killed in battle, with his sons kinsfolk and his ministers  and  how a boon was conferred by them on you by Gods - all this is known to me by   my asceticism. My disciples, who were accustomed to report to me the news, used to go to Ayodhya City from here."                                                                                      124.11-124.16
“Friends , riches and grains   are thought as great by  people. , but mother and mother land are considered much greater than even heaven.”                                                                                     124.17
“Bowing with head bent bow to this statement  as he was greatly attracted by it  , the   great prince   requested the sage for the following boon.”                                                                                     124.18
"Oh God like sage,   Let all the trees on the way  to Ayodhya from here , bear fruit even in the off-season and flow with honey. Let abundant fruits of various kinds, emitting the fragrance of nectar, appear on them."                                                                                                                                                            124.19
When the sage said , “So be it”,  , all the trees there   grew  closely like the trees of heaven.”   124.20
 Then for three  Yojanas on their way to Ayodhya   in the direction of their travel  , the trees  which were never bearing   fruits  , were completely filled with fruits  , and those which had stopped flowering were full of flower   and all the withered trees  were clothed with leaves   and  started flowing with honey.” 
 The very highly pleased monkeys   seeing very many divine fruits   , felt as if they have conquered   heaven   and consumed   in thousands those very divine fruits.                                                   124.23

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty  fourth    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

125.Rama sends  Hanuman to Guha and Bharata

(Feeling the time delay, Rama sends Hanuman to go and inform his welfare to Guha and Bharata.  He also asks Hanuman to tell Bharata  bout how he is retyrning with friends. Hanuman tells Guha about Rama ‘s welfare and meets Bharata   and informs him of impending arrival  of Rama.. Bharata becomes extremely happy.)

Raghava who was quick in exhibiting his valour  on seeing Ayodhya became very thoughtful  and wanted  to do a   act of  kindness .                                                                                                                                 125.1
Thinking like that , his sight    fell on the monkeys there   and he told that   that   sagacious and glorious monkey Hanuman.                                                                                                                                            125.2
“Go quickly to Ayodhya   oh great monkey   and find whether the people in the city as well as the  palace   are  safe?”                                                                                                                                                          125.3
“You reach  Sringaberipuram    and tell Guha who lives in the forest  , who is the king of Nishadas , about my welfare . “                                                                                                                                                   125.4
“Hearing that I am Okay  , without sickness  and free from any trouble   Guha would be greatly pleased  as he  is my life like friend.”                                                                                                                           125.5
“Then that Guha who is the king of Nishadas  would become pleased and would tell you   about the way to Ayodhya  and about welfare of Bharata.”                                                                                             125.6
“You have to enquire   about the welfare of Bharata  on my behalf   and tell him that we have accomplished our objectives   and I have   returned safely with my wife and brother.”                 125.7
“Tell him  how Vaidehi was abducted by force by Ravana  , my conversation with Sugreeva   and my killing  of Vali in the battle.”                                                                                                                      125.8
“Tell him about the search for Maithili  and how she was traced by you   after crossing   the extensive and never diminishing ocean.”                                                                                                                125.9
“Tell him about how we went near the ocean  , how we saw the God of the ocean  , how we built the bridge    and how we killed Ravana.”                                                                                                    125.10
“Tell him about the boons given by Indra, Brahma and Varuna  and about my meeting with our father by grace of Lord Shiva.”                                                                                                                                125.11
“Oh gentle one , then inform him how ,  I have come near the city of Ayodhya   along with Vibheeshana,   and Sugreeva , the king of monkeys.”                                                                      125.12
“Tell him how   I have conquered all my enemies and obtained matchless fame   and tell him that after   accomplishing the purpose  I have come near to him with my mighty friends.”                        125.13
“You also should try to know the expression in face of Bharata   when he hears the news  and after he hears it completely about what he intends to do  about me now.”                                             125.14
“I also want to know all the happenings  , the colour of his face,  his glances, his mode of speech  and all the gestures of  Bharata.”                                                                                                               125.15
“Whose mind does not change  with the kingdom    which is full of wealth and enjoyments   and has elephants  , chariots  and horses   and which was inherited from father and grandfather.”  125.16
“After having been associated   with the kingdom, if Bharata desires to rule it , let Bharata rule it without dividing it in one piece.”                                                                                                                      125.17
“Oh Hanuman , after understanding his thoughts   and perception   you should come back quickly   before we   reach very near Ayodhya.”                                                                                          125.18
Thus commanded by Rama  , Hanuman  the son of wind God  , assuming the form of a man   went swiftly  towards Ayodhya.                                                                                                                            125.19
Hanuman the son of wind God   speedily flew   towards Ayodhya  like the Garuda  when he intends to catch a large   snake.                                                                                                                       125.20
After leaping to the sky and  flying through the auspicious    world of birds   and after crossing the huge meeting place  of   Ganges and Yamuna  , Hanuman reached Sringaberipuram   and approached  the Guha  , the valorous Hanuman spoke to him these words in a charming voice.      125.21-125.22
“ Your friend Rama of the clan of Kakustha who is truly valorous along with Sita and the son of Sumithra   has enquired about your welfare.                                                                                                 125.23
“You would be able to meet him today itself  on the fifth phase of the moon  after   he is permitted by sage Bharadwaja   who has requested him to spend  today’ s night   in his hermitage .     125.24
After telling this   the greatly lustrous one   with joy again sprang  up in the sky   and not bothering about his fatigue   travelled   with very great speed.                                                                              125.25
 On the way Hanuman  saw, , Ramatirtha, a place of descent into the river (hallowed by the association of Lord Parashurama), as well as the rivers Valukini, Varuthini and Gomati as also the formidable forest of Sala trees, many thousands of people and numerous communities.                                  125.26
That  great monkey  went fast and covered a long distance quickly   and reached   near Nandigrama surrounded by flowering trees  which had   gardens  comparable to Garden of Indra    as well as Chaithraratha garden of Khubera  which was frequented by  well dressed ladies along with their sons and elderly people .                                                                                                                 125.27-125.28
At a distance of a krosa( two miles)  from Ayodhya Hanuman  saw Bharata, living in a hermitage, with the bark trees and the skin of a black antelope wrapped round his waist, looking miserable and emaciated, wearing matted locks on his head, his limbs coated with dirt, afflicted through separation from Rama his elder brother, subsisting on roots and fruits, with his senses subdued, engaged in austerities, protecting virtue, with a very high head of matted hair, covering his body with the bark of trees and a deer skin, disciplined, whose thoughts were fixed on the Supreme Spirit, with a splendour equaling that of a Brahmarishi, ruling the earth after placing the wooden sandals before him, protecting the people belonging to all the four  caste groups   from all dangers and attended by the upright ministers, priests and by clever troop-commanders, all clad in saffron robes.
Those citizens of the city who loved Dharma  ignored   the enjoyment of pleasures  on seeing their prince clad in wooden bark and the hide of black antelope  .                                                     125.34
That Hanuman, the son of wind God  thus spoke to Bharata  who was conversant with Dharma   and clothed   in the body of Dharma looked like another God of Dharma .                                    125.35
Rama who used  to live in Dandakaranya   wearing the cloth made of bark of trees and a  matted lock  , for whom you seem to repent enquired about your welfare.                                                  125.36
“Oh Lord , I am telling you the news to your liking , give up this great sorrow  for within a short time   you would join with Rama     who is your elder brother.”                                                          125.37
“After killing Ravana    and getting back Vaidehi  and after accomplishing his purpose   Rama is coming back with his very mighty friends. “                                                                                             125.38
“The very lustrous Lakshmana   and the very famous Sita , the princess of Videha   are also coming back along with Rama resembling Sachi Devi coming with Indra.”                                                 125.39
When Hanuman told this to Bharata , the son of Kaikeyi , he sank on the earth with great joy   and fainted through excessive joy.                                                                                                      125.40
Within a short time Bharata got   up from his swoon  after regaining consciousness   and spoke to Hanuman who had brought glad tidings .                                                                                  125.41
Without any sorrow , fully drenched in love  , with great emotion Bharata  embraced the monkey   and drenched him   with great tear drops not born out of sorrow but of joy.                       125.42
"Oh  gentle one,  Are you a Deva  or a human being, who have come here out of compassion? To you, who has  given me  this agreeable news, I shall give in return, for the pleasant tidings, a hundred thousand cows, a hundred best villages, and for wives, sixteen golden complexioned virgin girls of a good conduct, decked with ear-rings, having beautiful noses and thighs, adorned with all kinds of jewels, with charming countenances as delightful as the moon and born in a noble family." 125.43-125.45
That prince hearing about the news of arrival of  Rama from the monkey chief  was  greatly surprised  and with great joy   and with great desire to see Rama  again joyfully started talking.           125.46

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty  fifth   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

126.Hanuman informs all news to Bharata

(When Bharata enquires, Hanuman tells him in detail about all the happenings in the life of Rama after he left Chithrakoota.  He also tells him that Rama would be arriving the next day.)

I am greatly delighted to hear  the  news   of  my Lord   who went in to the vast forest   very many years ago.                                                                                                                                                                    126.1
“I consider the   common saying “Bliss comes to the surviving man even after   one hundred years “  to be  true.”                                                                                                                                                          126.2
“ Since I am asking you, please tell me the truth as to how a treaty was signed between Rama and the monkeys and under   what circumstances.”                                                                                             126.3
Having been seated on the cushion offered by the prince  , Hanuman  , after that started   telling about   the story of Rama in the forest.                                                                                                                  126.4
"Oh  Lord, Oh  long-armed one,  You already know well ,  How your mother was  granted   two boons by your father, how Rama was sent to  forest in  exile, how Dasaratha the king died, with a shocking sorrow for his son's exile, how you were brought quickly from Rajagriha   by the ministers , how sovereignty was not coveted by you when you returned to Ayodhya, how on your going to mount Chitrakoota, your, elder brother the tormentor of enemies was invited by you who followed Dharma  to take back the kingdom, how Rama who stood by his father's words, renounced the kingdom and stood by his father's words  and how your returned to Ayodhya, taking with you the wooden sandals  Hear from me now, that which occurred after you had returned to Ayodhya."                                                      126.5-126.9
“After you returned back  the forest had a miserable look  with scared   animals as well as birds.”
“Rama then entered the horrifying , very lonely forest of Dandaka   which was trampled by elephants   and populated by lions and tigers.”                                                                                                     126.11
“In that  dense forest  in front of them appeared   the very strong Viradha   who uttered   a very loud roar.”                                                                                                                                                       126.12
“They made him who was rushing towards them with uplifted arms   in to a pit  with  head first   while he was making a loud wail like an elephant.”                                                                                126.13
“After completing this very difficult job , the two brothers  Rama and Lakshmana     went to the pretty hermitage of Sharabhanga.”                                                                                                            126.14
“Rama who was truly valorous  reached Janasthana   after   Sharabhanga ascended to the  heaven   after offering their salutations to the sages there.”                                                                             126.15
“After that a Rakshasi called Soorpanakha  came and troubled Rama and the strong Lakshmana and  as per the orders of Rama, Lakshmana     chopped off her ears and nose   with his sword.  “             126.16
“The great Rama  killed    fourteen thousand Rakshasas who were living in the Janasthana region  who were  very capable.”                                                                                                                       126.17
“In the battle front all alone  completely finished   off all those fourteen thousand Rakshasas  in a fraction of the quarter of the day.”                                                                                             126.18
“Those very strong   and greatly valorous    Rakshasas who  were causing trouble to all the sages   who lived in Dandakaranya were killed by the arrows of Raghava.”                                                       126.19
“All those Rakshasas were smashed   in the battle  and their leader Khara was also killed . He also killed Dhooshana as well as Trishira.”                                                                                                            126.20
“Then tormented by the killing of those Rakshasas,   the childish Soorpanakha    approached  the horrifying Rakshasa Ravana  . Then  Mareecha   a horrifying Rakshasa who was the follower of Ravana   , assumed a form of   a gem studded  deer  and allured Sita.”                                               126.21-126.22
“When Sita saw  it she told Rama, “Please catch this deer so that our hermitage    would become  pleasing to the mind.”                                                                                                                            126.23
“Armed with a bow , Rama   chased that deer which was running  and killed it with a sharp arrow with curved knots.”                                                                                                                                        126.24
“Oh gentle one,  while Raghava was chasing the deer  , even Lakshmana had to go out   and Ravana at that time   entered the hermitage .”                                                                                                  126.25
“That Ravana caught hold of Sita like the planet Mars catching hold of Rohini   and after killing in  war   a vulture named Jatayu who tried to get her freed   and that Ravana went very quickly from there taking Sita with him.”                                                                                                                                       126.26
“Then with great surprise   some  mountain like monkeys sitting on the top of the mountain   saw  with great astonishment  Ravana    the king of Rakshasas taking away Sita.”                       126.27-126.28
“That aerial car    which was moving with the speed of the mind  called Pushpaka arose along   with Vaidehi   and the mighty Ravana who made the world cry.”                                                       126.29
(Ravana was not travelling in Pushpaka Vimana  according to Aranya Kanda)
“Taking her   to  an auspicious golden palace   Ravana tried his best   to  obey  make her his wishes   with his words.”                                                                                                                                                 126.30
“Treating  words of the king of Rakshasas  like a lowly straw  and without caring for him   Sita later chose to live  in the Asoka forest.”                                                                                                             126.31
“While returning back    after killing the deer,  Rama saw   the vulture lying dead in the forest  and seeing him whom Rama loved like his father , Rama was greatly disturbed.”                          126.32-126.33
“When Rama along with Lakshmana   were searching for Vaidehi  , they walked   in the flowering  forest along the side of Godavari river.”                                                                                                     126.34
“In that great forest  they met a Rakshasa called Kabandha   and that  truly valorous Rama following the words of Kabandha   went to Rishyamooka  mountains and met Sugreeva.”                         126.35
“Even before they met each other    a meeting of their hearts took place  .Sugreeva had been banished   by his enraged Vali who was his elder brother   and as a result  of mutual talks, Rama and Sugreeva   became attached to each other  .”                                                                                      126.36-126.37
“Having killed the very huge and very strong  Vali   by the power of his hands , Rama got back the kingdom to Sugreeva.”                                                                                                                     126.38
“Sugreeva along with all monkeys established his kingdom   and promised  to commence the search for the princess  Sita.                                                                                                                               126.39
“Commanded by  The great Sugreeva , the king of monkeys   , ten crores  of monkeys   were   sent to search in all the four directions.”                                                                                                   126.40
“Due to our missing the correct  way    in the great Vindhya  mountain , we felt great sorrow   and a long time   slipped past us.”                                                                                                                    126.41
“A valorous vulture called Sampathi who is the   elder brother of king of vultures Jatayu   precisely told   us the place of stay of Sita   in the home of Ravana”                                                                126.42
“After   removing the sorrow   of my clan , I jumped one hundred Yojanas  , depending only on my strength.”                                                                                                                                         126.43
“There  I saw   a lady alone in the Asoka forest  clad in a soiled  silk cloth  without any joy   and doing firm penance.”                                                                                                                                       126.44
“After meeting her   and enquiring with her as per the need  , I came to know that faultless lady   and gave her the signet ring  with name of Rama engraved in it     as a token.”                         126.45
“Receiving in return a jewel from her as token  , I returned after achieving success  and on returning back , I gave    that revered jewel   to Rama who was  never tired of doing a job.”          126.46
“After hearing the news about Sita   Rama regained hope   to live further , like a dying patient feels after taking nectar.”                                                                                                                               126.47
“Excited to fight a war  , he decided   on the destruction of  Lanka   , just like a fire god  is determined to burn the universe   at the time of deluge.”                                                                              126.48
“After reaching the ocean  , he made Nala construct a bridge   and the army of monkey warriors  crossed the ocean  using that bridge,”                                                                                                      126.49
“Nila killed Prahastha, Rama killed Kumbhakarna   , Lakshmana  killed the son of  Ravana     and Rama   himself killed Ravana  .”                                                                                                                              126.50
"The  great   Rama, the destroyer of enemies, met   Indra , Yama , Varuna , Maheshvara, Brahma  as also Dasaratha (his deceased father) and was  granted   boons by them. Sages and  Devas  who came there, too gave boons."                                                                                                                                                                   
“After getting those boons along with his friends the monkeys   , he flew in the aerial car called  Pushpaka and reached Kishkinda.”                                                                                                                                    126.53
“After reaching the banks of river Ganges   again   Rama stayed  along with   sage Bharadwaja   and tomorrow   when the moon enters    the star Pushya(poosam)   you would be able to see  Rama without any problem.” 126.54
After hearing the truth from the great words of Hanuman  , with great joy Bharata   after offering him  salutations   spoke the following words, “My desire has been fulfilled after a long time.”                                 126.55

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty  sixth   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

127.Rama reaches Ayodhya

(Bharata and Shatrugna make great arrangements to receive Rama. Rama arrives in the aerial car. Bharata and Shatrugna  salute Rama and  speak nice words to the monkeys and Vibheeshana,. Rama salutes his mothers. Then they all reach Nandigrama. Rama sends back Pushpaka Vimana to Khubera.)  

The truly valorous Bharata attained divine joy   and commanded Shatrugna  , the destroyer of enemies  who was  also  happy.                                                                                                                                                                     127.1
“Let  men of good conduct   worship   all the Gods in temples as well as in town    with scented garlands   accompanied   by playing of musical instruments.  “                                                                                              127.2
“Let the Charioteers , experts in singing   praises in a primeval manner ,  All people who sing  poems  of  praise  , experts  in  singing with musical instruments and   dancing girls  join together  with the wives of the king  , ministers  , army men and their wives  , Brahmins, Kshatriyas , leaders   and members of trade councils   come out and see  the moon like face of Rama.”                                                                                                          127.3-127.4 
Hearing the words of Bharata,  Shatrugna  the destroyer of enemies  summoned   several thousand labourers  working for wages  and divided them in to several groups    and told them as follows.                                127.5 
“Let the holes and depressions on the road from Nandigrama to Ayodhya be leveled by filing them up and let   the rough and uneven places in the paths be leveled.”                                                        127.6
“Let the entire ground be sprinkled with ice cold water  and let others  keep on sowing parched grains of paddy and flowers   on them .”                                                                                                                 127.7
“Let all the streets of Ayodhya   which is an excellent city   be lined with flags   , and let the houses be decorated   till the Sun rises.”                                                                                                                    127.8
“Let hundreds of men   make fall on    the royal highway  scented  loose flowers and garlands of five colours.”                                                                                                                                                         127.9
On hearing that command of Shatrugna ministers  , Dhrushti, Jayanta, Vijaya, Siddhartha, Arthasadhaka, Ashoka, Mantrapala and Sumantra proceeded with joy.                                                        127.10-127.11
Some people   decorated by hundreds of pots rode on thousands of elephants in rut , and some others on female elephants   provided  with golden  platforms   and along with these elephants  several great charioteers   issued forth riding on chariots in great speed.                                                               127.12
Great warriors riding on selected horses  which were superior and in thousands of numbers   bearing flags  and pennants   and carrying  Javelins , spears   and nooses in their hands  , further surrounded    by thousands of foot soldiers   sallied forth,                                                                                       127.13-127.14
All the women of Dasaratha  ,keeping Kausalya  and Sumithra in the front   mounted on their vehicles   started forth along with Kaikeyi and reached Nandigrama.                                                                  127.15
Placing the wooden sandals of his brother  on his head and taking the white parasol  which was adorned with white garlands and two white whisks decorated with gold, eminently worthy of kings, accompanied by the foremost of Brahmins, leaders of the guilds of traders and artisans, including the mercantile class, surrounded by the counselors with garlands and bell-shaped sweets in their hands, cheered by the blast of conches and kettle-drums, duly praised by musicians  , the great   Bharata, whose mind was set on Dharma , who was well-versed with the secret of Dharma , who was emaciated through fasting, who felt miserable, and was clad in the bark of trees and the skin of a black antelope, who experienced joy for the first time in hearing the news of the arrival of his brother then went in advance, along with his ministers, to meet Rama.                                                                                                              127.16-127.20
The Earth was shaking by the sounds of hoofs of the horses ,  the sound of rolling of wheels of the chariots and  the tumultuous sound raised   by conches   and kettle drums.                                  127.21
It was felt that the entire  city stretched up to Nandigrama  and glancing round Bharata spoke   to the son of wind God.                                                                                                                  127.22   
“Has the  absence of firm mind in case of monkeys has been resorted by  you , for I am not seeing Rama the son of Kakustha clan and    the destroyer of his enemies.”                                                      127.23
When these words escaped from the truly valorous  Bharata  , Hanuman   immediately told him   words which were suitable to the situation.                                                                                                127.24
"A  great   roar of  joyful   monkeys is being heard, for, they are seeing on their   way  trees which continually, yield fruit, adorned with blossom, flowing with honey which is drunk by bees which make  reverberant humming sounds  which is due   to the grace of Sage Bharadwaja. Oh  Bharata, the destroyer of adversaries,  A boon  also was conferred by Indra  by virtue of which,   a hospitality rich with all excellences was earlier extended by Bharadwaja to you, with your entire army. I presume that the aforesaid army of monkeys is crossing the rivers, Gomati."
“See   the cloud dust raising        above the grove of Sala trees ,which is because  of the shaking  of the pretty Sala trees by the monkeys. “                                                                                                                                   127.28
“Far away   the famous  and divine  aerial car   called Puspaka, which was created  by the mind of Brahma  and   which shines like the moon is to be seen.”                                                                                                   127.29
“This vehicle of Rama    was got after killing of  Ravana  and  all his relatives   and shines like the rising Sun    and belonged to Khubera   to whom it was   given by  Brahma and travel with the  speed of thought  .”                                                                                                                                            127.30
“ In that car are  besides the brothers  Rama  and Lakshmana  along with Sita    are   the greatly   lustrous  Sugreeva     and the Rakshasa Vibheeshana.  “                                                                            127.31
 Then the words ,  “Here  is Rama “,     like a  loud clamour  touching the  sky   was heard    from the  mouth   of women, children, old  people and youth  which gave rise to great joy  .         127.32
Getting down from   their chariots, elephants  and horses   those  men  stood   on the ground   and they all  saw   Rama  seated in the aerial car resembling  the  moon in the sky.                         127.33
 That very happy   Bharata with folded hands in salutation   turned  his face towards Rama , worshipped him   and welcomed Rama in a fitting manner.                                                                       127.34
The very long eyed elder brother of Lakshmana      seated in    the   aerial   car  created  by the  mind of Brahma    shined like   another Indra with a thunderbolt  in his hand.                                127.35
Bharata     saluted his brother   who   stood at the edge of aerial car shining like rising sun from Mount Meru      and bent low in great reverence.                                                                              127.36
That matchless aerial car with the permission    of Rama   which had swans drawn on it   landed on the  earth.                                                                                                                                             127.37
Bharata of the true valour  again  felt   very happy when he climbed in to the aerial car  ,  approached Rama    and  again greeted him.                                                                                             127.38
Then that son of Kakustha clan   seeing Bharata   after  a very long time   made him sit on his lap   and  with great joy embraced him.                                                                                                 127.39
 Then    the dear Bharata  , the destroyer of his enemies   approached Vaidehi and Lakshmana announced his name and greeted   them.                                                                           127.40
Then Bharata    the son of Kaikeyi   embraced   one after  another  ,  Sugreeva  , Jambavan  , Angadha  , Mainda  , Dvividha  , Nila and  Rishabha  .                                                                            127.41
He also embraced Sushena  , Nala, Gavaksha  , Gandhamadana  , Sarabha, Panasa and all monkeys surrounding them.                                                                                                                     127.42
Those monkeys who can assume any form that they desire   assumed the form of  a man   and with joy enquired about the welfare  of Bharata.                                                                               127.43
After that the very lustrous prince   Bharata  , who is great follower of Dharma  embraced Sugreeva , the great monkey  and told him.                                                                                                    127.44
“We are four brothers and you are our fifth brother  , Oh Sugreeva,  affection is born out of friendship    and hatred is the sign of an enemy.”                                                                                     127.45
After hugging Vibheeshana , Bharata told him,  , “it is only because of your help    this impossible   job was got done.”                                                                                                                          127.46
Then Shatrugna offered salutations to Rama as well as Lakshmana    and that one with great humility   offered salutation to the feet of Sita.”                                                                                  127.47
Rama went near his mother  with a sorrowing downcast  face ,bowed and caught her feet   making  the mind of his mother happy.                                                                                                     127.48
Then he saluted Sumithra and the famous Kaikeyi   and all his mothers  and also to his priest sage Vasishta.                                                                                                                                    127.49
All the citizens of Ayodhya with hands joined in salutation told him, “Oh great hero who increases the delight of Kausalya  , welcome to you.”                                                                             127.50
The elder brother of Bharata saw   thousands of joined palms  of the citizens of Ayodhya which appeared like lotus flowers in bloom.                                                                                                 127.51
Bharata himself took   the sandals of Rama   and placed   them below the feet  of the king of men, who was the follower  of Dharma.                                                                                              127.52
Bharata after saluting Rama told, “Oh king  , here is the kingdom of yours which was   given to  me as a deposit.”                                                                                                                                 127.53
“Today after seeing you return back to Ayodhya, my life  has accomplished its goal  and the great desire of my mind has been fulfilled.”                                                                                           127.54
“Please see critically  examine    your treasury, granary  , palace   and army   which by the power of your spirit has enhanced ten fold.”                                                                                                              127.55
Seeing Bharata , who loved his bother talking like this  , The Rakshasa Vibheeshana   and all the monkeys shed tears.                                                                                                                              127.56
Then Raghava placed  with great delight Bharata on his lap    and along with the army flew to the hermitage of Bharata in that aerial car.                                                                             127.57
After reaching the hermitage of Bharata  along with the army, that Raghava got down  from the front portion of the aerial car   and stood  waiting on the earth.                                            127.58
Then Rama   spoke to that matchless aerial car, “   “I permit you to now carry   Khubera   the lord of wealth and so please leave.”                                                                                                127.59
Thus permitted by Rama   that matchless aerial car    travelled towards the north    so as to reach the home of the  Lord of riches.                                                                                                 127.60
That divine aerial car called Pushpaka   once  abducted by the Rakshasas went  with great speed to the Lord of riches   impelled by the words of  Rama.                                                              127.61
Then the valorous  Raghava   affectionately pressed  the feet of his priest as  well as well-wisher Vasishta , like Indra would press the feet of Bruhaspathi  and made him sit in a separate seat near his  own.

Thus ends the hundred and  twenty  seventh   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

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