Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Yudha Kandam 17-36

Yudha Kandam (Contd)

Translated by

17. Vibheeshana seeks protection

(Vibheeshana  along with his four ministers seeks protection from Rama. The monkeys suspect hi,. Rama asks the opinion of monkey chiefs. Only Hanuman feels that  he should be accepted.)

After the younger brother of Ravana spoke these harsh words to Ravana , immediately  he arrived at the place of Rama and Lakshmana.                                                                                                                         17.1
The monkey lords standing on the ground   saw  on the sky him who was like Meru mountain  and who was shining like lightning.                                                                                                                                   17.2
They also saw his four assistants who were   huge and valorous ,They were also carrying weapons and were wearing ornaments.                                                                                                                                  17.3
He was looking like a mountain of clouds  and having shine like Vajrayudha and valorous one was having divine weapons  and wearing divine ornaments.                                                                                           17.4
Sugreeva the king of monkeys   seeing Vibheeshana  among those  five people , being intelligent became worried along with other monkeys.                                                                                                                   17.5
After thinking for a moment  , he spoke to the monkeys along with monkey lords including   Hanuman .      
“See these well armed Rakshasa along with four others  and there is no doubt  that  they are coming to kill us.”                                                                                                                                                                     17.7
When the best of the monkeys heard the words of Sugreeva , he  lifted Sala trees as well as mountains and spoke as follows.                                                                                                                                     17.8
“Oh king,  quickly order us , so that we can kill those wicked ones so that those fools will fall on the ground  dead.”                                                                                                                                                        17.9
When they were talking to each other like this Vibheeshana  reached the northern shore and comfortably stopped there.                                                                                                                               17.10
That very intelligent one , staying  comfortably in the sky itself ,spoke in a loud voice to them  after seeing Sugreeva and other monkeys .                                                                                                              17.11
“There is Rakshasa  with bad conduct who is the king of the Rakshasas and I am  the younger brother of that bad one and known as Vibheeshana.                                                                                                       17.12
“He is the one who abducted Sita from Janasthana after killing Jatayu  and that pathetic lady  who is being held captive  is being held against her will and is guarded  by Rakshasis.”                                     17.13
“I persuaded Ravana again and again  by various type of words and arguments to return Sita safely  to Rama.”                                                                                                                                                                   17.14
“Being encouraged by  God of death , he did not accept my advice just like a perverted person does not accept medicine.”                                                                                                                                                 17.15
“He told  harsh words to me , treated me as his servant and also insulted me  and I forsaking my son and wife , have come    to surrender to Rama.”                                                                                                     17.16
“Please inform quickly that  great soul Rama , who protects   all the world that  Vibheeshana has come .”
Hearing these words Sugreeva who does things swiftly  hurriedly told these words  to Rama in front of Lakshmana.                                                                                                                                                           17.18
“Unexpectedly he who is an enemy belonging to the enemy army has come here to kill all of us like  owls destroying the crow.”                                                                                                                                         17.19
"O,  destroyer of enemies! You should  be aware of the design, distribution, leading of the army and the secret service of the monkeys and also of your foes. May good come to you!"                                    17.20
“The Rakshasas who can take any form   they like can vanish too  and they are heroic as well as deceitful  and so we cannot trust them.                                                                                                                         17.21
“He may be a spy sent by Ravana the  King of Rakshasas  and there is no doubt  that he can become one of us and create differences between us.”                                                                                      17.22
“Otherwise that intelligent one can find out our weaknesses   or having gained our confidence , he may even attack us.”                                                                                                                                                  17.23
“We can   accept the army provided by friends of the forest or  accept  the help of hereditary paid warriors but  we should avoid taking help from the enemy.”                                                                 17.24   
“He is by nature a Rakshasa  who  is the brother of our enemy who has directly come over from him  and so how can we trust  him?”                                                                                                                             17.25
“The younger brother of Ravana whose name is Vibheeshana  along with  his four assistant Rakshasas has approached you for protection.”                                                                                                            17.26
“Oh Rama who can judge what is right , I feel that this Vibheeshana has been sent by Ravana  and we have to first arrest him .”                                                                                                                                 17.27
“Oh faultless one, he has come here sent by a crooked Rakshasa and when you start  trusting him, he would attack you using his powers of illusion.”                                                                                        17.28
“This Vibheeshana is definitely the brother of the cruel Ravana  and so let us kill him and give severe punishment to his assistants.”                                                                                                                     17.29
“After the  chief of the army  who was an expert in talk expressed his views hurriedly  , Rama the master of words  thereafter preferred to be silent.”                                                                                           17.30
The very strong Rama after hearing these words of Sugreeva  told  the  monkeys  sitting in front  of  chief Hanuman who was near him.”                                                                                                                   17.31
“The very reasonable opinion about the brother of  king Ravana  spoken by Sugreeva was also heard by you.”                                                                                                                                                               17.32
“An efficient and intelligent person desirous of the  everlasting welfare of his friend , should advise him, when he faces difficulties.”                                                                                                                        17.33
When Rama asked   them like this , those monkeys who wanted to do good to Rama , without any hesitation freely told their respective opinion.                                                                                     17.34
“Oh Raghava , in these three worlds , there is nothing that you do not know but with a view of honouring us , you are   asking our opinion.”                                                                                       17.35
“You are wedded to Dharma, you consider truth as your penance ,  you  have unfailing valour  , you have unfailing memory ,  you are committed to the welfare of your friends  and you take action only after proper investigation.”                                                                                                                               17.36
“And so one by one your  intelligent  and very efficient  ministers would  tell about their opinion  about this matter.”                                                                                                                                                17.37
Then the very intelligent monkey Angadha  told first Rama  that Vibheeshana    should be tested  first before taking any decision.                                                                                                                        17.38
“Vibheeshana who has directly come from our enemy should always  be suspected  and so soon , he cannot be considered as a trustworthy person.”                                                                                  17.39
“The people who cheat  move about hiding their real nature  and attack us at our weak places and lead to great misfortune.”                                                                                                                                17.40
“One should take decision only after  examining the possible merits and demerits  and accept a particular action if it is likely to lead to good and reject it if it is likely to lead to bad.”           17.41
“If we find lot of faults in him let us reject him but  if we find only good in him let us accept him.”  
Then Sarabha told the following meaningful words. “Oh tiger among men, let us send a spy   to follow him and report to us.”                                                                                                                           17.43 
“Suppose we send a spy who is extremely intelligent who would examine his activities , then we can take a decision according to justice.”                                                                                                 17.44
Jambhavan who could see this matter with   the sayings of scriptures  advised   in a faultless way  after examining the good and bad of it.                                                                                                       17.45
“This Vibheeshana has come from  the king of Rakshasas who is our greatest enemy and is a great sinner  and has arrived at an improper place and time  and so by all means he should be suspected.”      17.46
Then Mainda who is an expert in discriminating bad from good  and who has great command over his words  spoke these reasonable words.                                                                                                        17.47
“Oh king of kings This Vibheeshana is indeed the younger brother  of Ravana and so let  us find about him by questioning him using sweet words.”                                                                                            17.48
“Oh bull among men, then after knowing his mind and concluding whether he is a  bad or good one , we have take decision as per our intelligence.”                                                                                               17.49
Then the best among ministers who was highly civilized  Hanuman told  smooth, meaningful , sweet and brief words.                                                                                                                                                       17.50
“Even Bruhaspathi cannot excel you in your capacity to talk  as you posses exalted intelligence . You are also powerful, best among men , intelligent    and efficient.”                                                                 17.51
“I am not talking  to cause a fight  and not to excel over others  and Oh Rama , I am talking about this due to the importance of the matter .”                                                                                                       17.52
“I am seeing error in the judgment of ministers regarding the advantages and disadvantages  of the matter  and I feel that a judicial investigation is not possible.”                                                             17.53
“Without entrusting a work, it is not possible to judge  the ability  of any one and I feel that  it is too early to entrust any job to this stranger.”                                                                                                  17.54
“ The idea of some ministers to send a spy on him is impracticable  as that particular method is greatly impractical. “                                                                                                                                                     17.55
“It has been said that Vibheeshana came at the wrong time and place. I desire to tell my opinion on this and so kindly listen.”                                                                                                                                       17.56
“He has taken this decision after comparing merits and demerits between you and Ravana     and has decided  you are superior to him now only and hence the time and place seems to be alright .”17.57
“After seeing the wickedness in Ravana and the great valour in you , it is worthy of his judgment  to decide to come to you.”                                                                                                                             17.58
“Some ministers told that   since he is a stranger  , it is only proper  to question him before accepting him.  But please hear my views.”                                                                                                              17.59
“When he  who is wise man is  being questioned , he would start doubting you  and one who  comes as a friend  becomes faithless  , if he is questioned.”                                                                                   17.60
“Oh king without great skills in judging between different  voices and tones , it is not possible to judge speedily about his intention.”                                                                                                                   17.61
“I do not see any bad intention in him  or in his talk.  And his clear and composed face makes me not to have any doubt in him.”                                                                                                                              17.62
“A person intent on cheating does not approach  fearlessly and with confidence  and he does not look like   a bad one  and so I do not have any doubt in him.”                                                                    17.63
“It is not possible to hide the emotions in one’s face and even if it is hidden , his deeper intentions get revealed through the face.”                                                                                                                      17.64
“Oh expert in action,  an action has to be  done at the proper time  and place  and leads to fruitful results only if it is done  speedily.”                                                                                                        17.65
“Seeing your perseverance , noticing the  improper behaviour of  Ravana , hearing about death of Vali . hearing about crowning of Sugreeva , very intelligently desiring for this kingdom , he has come here . Taking  into consideration , this aspect alone, it is proper to accept him.”                        17.66-17.67
“I have told you this to the best of my ability after noting the sincerity  of this Rakshasa  and after hearing the words of mine, you have to  judge on this matter.”                                                     17.68

     Thus ends the seventeenth  chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book.

18.Rama accepts Vibheeshana

(Sugreeva is against giving  protection to Vibheeshana. Rama makes him agree quoting Sastras as well  by telling several incidents. Sugreeva agrees and they decide to accept the surrender of Vibheeshana.)

The unconquerable Rama who was pleased    after hearing what was told by the son of wind God  replied  with a firm mind , his opinion.                                                                                                   18.1
“I also desire to tell you my opinion about Vibheeshana  and I want you all who are interested in my welfare   to hear it.”                                                                                                                                    18.2
“I do not forsake anyone who comes to me with friendship in spite of his having any defect because learned people say that  acceptance of such a person  is irreproachable.”                                    18.3
Sugreeva  examined and analyzed the words spoken by Rama  and that monkey chief  gave this auspicious reply .                                                                                                                                        18.4
“It seems that  this night traveler  who forsook his elder brother  when    he was in deep trouble  is very dangerous for  he may betray any one at any time.”                                                                           18.5
When that son of Kakustha clan  , who is really  valorous heard the words of the king of monkeys , he looked round everyone , smiled a little  and spoke to Lakshmana  who has   an auspicious look .18.6-18.7
“Without reading the Sasthras and without serving old people , it is not possible to speak such words as spoken by the  king of monkeys.”                                                                                                                      18.8
“If we examine it with concentration, it appears to me that  there is something peculiar in these circumstances and it occurs among kings and ordinary people.”                                                                18.9
“It is told that persons of the same family and kings of adjoining kingdom  become enemies  due to some adversities and  that one has come here because of it.”                                                                  18.10
“But people of the family who are not sinners  do respect the interests  of their own family members who  are their well wishers  but in case of kings  even  a virtuous person also  is under suspicion.”  18.11
“Regarding the defect that you told about his being   coming from the side of the enemy , I will quote what shastras say about it and please hear.”                                                                                                 18.12
“We do not belong to the same family and one who desires to be a king is also a Rakshasa and he appears to be greatly learned and that is why he is acceptable.”                                                               18.13
“People who are of the same family do not live together happily  and without fear of each other and due to this a split occurs between them  and a great sense of fear prevails among them. That is why Vibheeshana should be accepted.”                                                                                                                   18.14
“Not all brothers are similar to Bharatha , not all people are   sons and fathers like me and not all people are friends  like you.”                                                                                                                                          18.15
When Rama told like this Sugreeva along with Lakshmana the wise  stood up and saluted  him and Sugreeva  told him  like this.”                                                                                                                            18.16
“Oh best among those who have patience , please realize that this night traveler might have been sent by Ravana  and it is better to imprison him.”                                                                                                 18.17
"Oh  mighty armed Rama, The faultless on,  This Rakshasa has been  sent to kill you who are unsuspecting, or to kill Lakshmana or me in trust. He came here with a crooked mind. He with his counselors is fit to be imprisoned. Is not Vibheeshana the brother of cruel Ravana?"            18.18-18.19
After saying like this to the best of Raghu Dynasty , Sugreeva , the chief of the army , who was expert  in speech  kept silent.                                                                                                                                           18.20
Rama heard these words of Sugreeva and after analyzing it  , told these auspicious words to the chief of the monkeys.                                                                                                                                                     18.21
“What does matter if this night walker   is a good one or a bad one  as he is incapable of causing even a little harm    to me.”                                                                                                                                        18.22
“Oh king of the monkeys , if I desire  , I can kill these ghosts, Dhanavas  and Yakshas who are living in this world  by using the tip of my finger.”                                                                                                            18.23
“It is heard that a dove received his enemy who came seeking its protection as per rules oh hospitality and offered him , his own self    as food.”                                                                                                     18.24
“Oh Lord of the monkeys , if that dove can receive the hunter   who has killed his wife with hospitality , how much more a man like me should do?”                                                                                                18.25
Please hear the verses composed by sage Kandu who was son of sage  Kanva  who was wedded to Dharma   and  a votary of truth.                                                                                                                      18.26
“Oh tormentor of enemies, if a person begs making a cup  out of his hand , if a person is miserable and if  a man comes seeking refuge, even if he is your enemy , he should not be killed , with the aim of not being classified as cruel.”                                                                                                                              18.27
“Even if an enemy is arrogant  or is oppressed , if he comes seeking your protection , with a greatly disciplined mind he should be protected even by forsaking our own life.”                                             18.28
“If he does not protect him due to fear , passion and desire , using his own strength , he would be reproached by the world as a sinner .”                                                                                                          18.29
“If a man who sought protection  is not protected and dies before the eyes of a person who could have protected  him , that person who dies takes away all the reward for good action    from the man who did not protect him and dies.”                                                                                                                                18.30
“There is a great defect in not protecting those who surrender to you  for  he will lose heaven  as  fame and  his strength and valour would be destroyed.”                                                                                      18.31
“I will do according to the  great words of Kandu  for I will become a votary of dharma, famous  and would go to heaven.”                                                                                                                                         18.32
“If any one surrenders to me once  and begs me saying , “I am yours”, I would protect him from all beings  and this is my  pledge.”                                                                                                                         18.33
“I have given him protection whether he is Vibheeshana or Ravana himself. And so monkey chief , bring him here .”                                                                                                                                                            18.34
When the Lord of monkeys heard the words of Rama , due to his close friendship with Rama  , he told like this.                                                                                                                                                                  18.35
"Oh  Rama, who knows Dharma , the crest jewel among lords of the world,  What surprise is there in thinking that you, duly endowed with true essence of life and established in a right path, speak these venerable words?"                                                                                                                                              18.36
“My inner self also tells me that Vibheeshana is a pure soul , after I examine him  from all angles,  his appearance  and from my inference .”                                                                                                             18.37
“Oh Rama let speedily  that greatly wise Vibheeshana  also become equal to us  and let him be blessed with our friendship.”                                                                                                                                           18.38
After hearing the words of  the king of monkeys Sugreeva , the king of the men acknowledged  it  and held a meeting with Vibheeshana   which was like the meeting between Indra and Garuda.               18.39

     Thus ends the eighteenth  chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book
19.Vibheeshana is crowned as king of Rakshasas,

(Vibheeshana ’s surrender is accepted by Rama after   he tells about the strengths of Rakshasa army. As per orders  of Rama, Lakshmana consecrates Vibheeshana as the king of Rakshasas. Vibheeshana suggests Rama to request help  from Varuna to build  a bridge. Rama commences his penance.)

When Rama promised him protection , the very intelligent Vibheeshana  who was  the brother of Ravana bent down  and glanced towards the earth.                                                                                   19.1
That soul of Dharma,  Vibheeshana  descended  on the earth  happily from the sky along with his faithful companions  and reached near Rama.                                                                                                           19.2
Then Vibheeshana along with his four Rakshasas saluted the feet of Rama  and told the following words to Rama which was suitable as per Dharma , right  and joyful.                                                                  19.3
“I am the younger brother of Ravana and I was insulted by him  and I have come to surrender before you, who is the protector of all beings.”                                                                                                        19.4
“I have forsaken my Lanka, friends as well as wealth  and my country, myself and  my pleasures  are from now on under your control.”                                                                                                                   19.5
When he heard these words  , Rama told him,  with a soothing look   in his eyes ,  and in a soothing tone, “Please tell me in detail about the strength and weakness of the Rakshasas.”                              19.6-19.7
When who does all actions with stability asked that Rakshasa like this , he started telling about the strength of Ravana’s army in detail.                                                                                                       19.8
“Ravana  the son of the king is protected by  a boon given by Lord Brahma that   he cannot be killed by all beings including Gandharwas, Yakshas , serpents and birds.”                                                     19.9
After the next elder brother of mine is greatly valorous  and is the lustrous Kumbhakarna who has enough strength to fight   Lord Indra.”                                                                                                 19.10
“Oh Rama , you must have heard about the commander-in-chief  of Ravana called Prahastha  who defeated Manibhadra in a battle on mount Kailas.”                                                                         19.11
“If furnished   with  gloves made of the skin of Iguana , Indrajit  wearing an armour which no arrow can pierce , becomes invisible when fighting a battle.”                                                                          19.12
“Oh Rama , that glorious Indrajit , had pleased the God of fire  and so can strike the enemy in the battle field  with huge formations , while remaining invisible .”                                                               19.13
“The Rakshasas called Mahaparswa, Mahodhara and Akampana , who are equivalent in valour to the guardians of the world  are  the commanders of Ravana ‘s army .”                                              19.14
“Hundred crores of Rakshasas who can assume any form they want and who eat  flesh and blood reside  in Lanka.”                                                                                                                                                   19.15
“The king along with these Rakshasas waged a war with the  guardians of the world  and they as well as the devas were  defeated by the wicked Ravana.”                                                                             19.16
The best of the Raghu clan after hearing these words of Vibheeshana , examined all these with great attention and spoke  these words.                                                                                                      19.17
“Oh Vibheeshana I know about these facts    about Ravana  and I know that all those   which you told were true.”                                                                                                                                                19.18
“After killing Ravana , his son as well as Prahastha , I will make you the king here. Please hear this truth from me.”                                                                                                                                                  19.19
“Even if Ravana hides himself deep in Rasatala or Patala   or even if he  seeks the presence of Brahma  , I shall definitely kill him.”                                                                                                                          19.20
"I will not enter Ayodhya without killing Ravana together with his sons, companions and relatives in battle. I take oath on my three brothers."                                                                                           19.21
Hearing the words of Rama , who is stable in his action, the soul of Dharma Vibheeshana saluted him by bowing his head and spoke.                                                                                                                   19.22
“I will help you in killing the  Rakshasas when we attack the Lanka  and as per my strength I will also enter  in to the army.”                                                                                                                            19.23
When Vibheeshana told like this Rama hugged him  told Lakshmana “Dear one go and bring the sea water.”                                                                                                                                                      19.24
“Oh Lakshmana with great self respect, quickly consecrate   with this water , Vibheeshana  as king of Rakshasas  , so that I am pleased.”                                                                                                     19.25
Hearing the words of Rama , Lakshmana consecrated Vibheeshana as king , as per the order of Rama in between    the monkey lords.                                                                                                              19.26 
Noticing the grace of Rama , all those monkeys , produced a great sound   and said “Great, Great.”
Then Hanuman and Sugreeva asked Vibheeshana, “How can we cross this tumultuous ocean which is the home of Varuna along with  this great army of monkeys  which has great splendour?”       19.28
“Please tell us the manner in which   we would be able to cross this Lord of streams and rivers swiftly  along with our army?”                                                                                                                        19.29
When those followers of Dharma asked like this to Vibheeshana , he replied, “ The king Rama should   surrender and take   refuge  with the God of ocean.”                                                                   19.30
“This immeasurable great ocean was dug  by Sagaras  and so this great ocean would be inclined to obey Rama who belongs to the clan of Sagaras.”                                                                                     19.31
When the learned Rakshasa told like this  , Sugreeva  went to the place where Rama and Lakshmana were   there.                                                                                                                                                   19.32
Then after informing them about the auspicious words Of Vibheeshana, the long necked Sugreeva  advised Rama to approach and make a request to the ocean.                                                             19.33
Since  Rama by nature was pious , he liked the idea  and along with Lakshmana and the monkey chief Sugreeva , wanting to follow the great advice of Vibheeshana told them  with a smile . 19.34-19.35
“Oh Lakshmana ,I like the advice  of Vibheeshana  and since Sugreeva is very learned and you are an expert in giving counsel, both of you take a decision in this matter and inform me.”            19.36
When they were told like those two valorous people Sugreeva and Lakshmana  with proper courtesy told like this.                                                                                                                                           19.37
“Oh tiger among men Rama, there is no reason for us not to like the advice of Vibheeshana  which is soothing at this difficult time and it is agreeable   to both of us.”                                                19.38
“Without building a bridge across the horrifying ocean which is the home of Varuna , it is not possible to reach Lanka even for Indra and devas.”                                                                                             19.39
“Let us do according to the meaningful advice of Vibheeshana  and since we have already wasted time in this endeavor , let the ocean be commanded  to yield passage to the army to reach Lanka ruled by Ravana.”                                                                                                                                   19.40-19.41
Having been told like this , Rama sat on the shore of the ocean covered by Kusha grass  and appeared like fire  trying to reach the altar.                                                                                                    19.42

     Thus ends the nineteenth  chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

20. Ravana tries to influence Sugreeva  through spies

(One spy informs Ravana about the might of the monkey army. He sends a spy  called Shuka  to influence Sugreeva to go back. Shuka is caught by the monkeys.)

After that a valorous Rakshasa called Sardula  came and saw   the army under the command of Sugreeva  which was ready for the battle.                                                                                                                  20.1
He was the spy of Ravana ,  the evil natured  king of Rakshasas  and after seeing the army of monkeys from all the sides , he returned back  speedily to Lanka and told the king.                                       20.2
“A very huge army of monkeys and bears  , which is boundless and immeasurable, which is like a second ocean is approaching Lanka. “                                                                                                                     20.3 
“The brothers Rama and Lakshmana who are the sons of Dasaratha  who are excellent men endowed with beauty have come in search of Sita  and they are keeping   on the shores of this great ocean.
“Oh king , that army is spread out for a distance of ten Yojanas(Twenty miles)  and you can  swiftly verify this truth.  “                                                                                                                                    20.6
“Oh great king , you need to send your messengers quickly to verify the truth. Under these circumstances  conciliation,   surrendering and sowing dissensions are the  only options.”    20.7
When Ravana the king of Rakshasa heard these words of Sardula , he was disturbed and swiftly decided   about the course of action  and spoke to the Rakshasa   called Sukha  who is best among those who know their duty.                                                                                                                                     20.8
“You go to Sugreeva quickly on my behalf and under my command  and in a gentle voice tell him  these words of mine .”                                                                                                                                     20.9
“Oh king , you  are very strong and born in a great family , being the son of Riksharaja , From this battle you are not going to gain anything , Oh lord of monkeys , you are like a brother to me.”         20.10
“Suppose I have abducted the wife of that     great prince  ,  it  should not matter  to you at all and so you go back to Kishkinda.”                                                                                                              20.11
“This Lanka cannot be reached by monkeys at all. Even Devas and Gandharwas are not able to reach it and so how can  men and monkeys reach here?”                                                                               20.12
Thus ordered by  the king of Rakshasas, that Rakshasa Shuka  assumed a form of the bird and started flying in the sky.                                                                                                                                          20.13
Proceeding in the sky continuously over the ocean , he stood on the sky and told Sugreeva the  following words.                                                                                                                                                                 20.14
Shuka repeated the words of that wicked Ravana , as  it was told to him  and at that time the monkeys were trying speedily to reach for him in the sky  to tear of his wings and to strike him.                    20.15
Those monkeys forcibly caught that Rakshasa  on the sky and brought him down forcibly    to the earth.
When the monkeys were  troubling that Shuka , he told Rama, “Oh Rama of Kakustha clan, messengers are not killed and so please restrain your monkeys.”                                                                             20.17   
“A messenger would tell only the opinion of his lord and never talks about his opinion. But there are other messengers who speak about their own opinion and they deserve to be killed.”                20.18
Hearing words of Sukha   and the nature of his complaint  Rama told the monkeys  who were trying to kill him, “Do not kill.”                                                                                                                                  20.19
Seeing that there was no fear from the monkeys , Sukha who had become light feathered , stood in the space and started  taking again.                                                                                                                 20.20
“Oh Sugreeva who is in rich in courage  and who is very strong and valorous, “What shall I tell Ravana , who makes the world cry?”                                                                                                                         20.21 
Hearing these worlds , that chief of monkeys  who is the bull among all monkeys and  who was very strong., told these words to the Rakshasa called Sukha   who was the spy of Ravana  and who was blameless.                                                                                                                                                          20.22
“Oh Ravana neither are you my friend , nor do you deserve my sympathy . You are not dear to me and you have never helped me .Since you are the enemy of Rama you along with associates deserve to be killed  like Vali was killed.”                                                                                                                             20.23
“Oh king of Rakshasas, I would kill you along with your sons , relatives  and  clansmen  , I would come to Lanka along with my great army  and  turn the entire city in to ashes.”                                               20.24
"O, foolish  Ravana! You along with your younger brother will not be left alive  by Rama, even if you are protected by all including Indra  or even if you have disappeared  or obtained, the solar orbit or entered the nethermost subterranean region or even if approached the lotus feet of Shiva "             20.25-20.26
“I do not see any one including the ghosts  ,  Rakshasas, Gandharwas  and Asuras in all the three worlds coming to protect you.”                                                                                                                                  20.27
“You killed the extremely old Jatayu in war but why is it that you did not try to abduct Sita  who is with broad eyes in the presence of Rama and Lakshmana.”                                                                            20.28
“The noble of the Raghu clan  who is great , very strong and who cannot be even defeated by devas whom you do not know properly would kill you.”                                                                                     20.29
The  very good monkey Angadha who was the son of Vali  told, “ Oh very intelligent Sugreeva , He does not appear to be a messenger  but a spy.”                                                                                                  20.30
“Standing there in the sky he has estimated    the strength of our entire army .Let us arrest him and let him not go back to Lanka  and this finds favour with me.”                                                                       20.31
Commanded by the king , the monkeys jumped up in the air and caught hold of him  and tied him securely and becoming helpless , he started wailing loudly .                                                                  20.32
When Sukha was harassed  by those monkeys  who were fierce  , he cried loudly to attract the attention of the highly principled   Rama  , who is the son of Dasaratha.                                                              20.33
"My wings are being pulled out forcibly. My eyes are being pierced. If I die, all the sins incurred by me between my birth and my death would fall to your share."                                                       20.34-20.35
Rama who heard his wailings , did not allow him to be killed by the monkeys     as he had come only as a messenger.                                                                                                                                                      20.36

     Thus ends the twentieth  chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

21.Rama gets angry at the ocean

(When the ocean does not respond to his penance  , Rama gets angry and is about it to dry it by his arrow, Lakshmana stops him.)

Then Raghava spread Dharbha grass  on the ocean bank , and saluting eastward  he laid himself on that Durbha bed  with his hand as his pillow  and appeared like    he was sleeping on a snake.                  21.1
His arm , in which he wore  golden  gem studded armlets  and most   excellent ornaments of pearls  had been touched by many great ladies earlier.                                                                                         21.2-21.3
His hands were applied with sandal and agaru  paste earlier   were shining like the early  morning   Sun.
Earlier Sita used to make those hands shine by keeping her head on it and it resembled the Thakshaka snake   supported by   the water of Ganga .                                                                                                  21.5
That arm which resembled a yoke  increased the sorrow of his enemies  and was  delightful to his friends  and it was now placed on the shore of the sea.                                                                                            21.6
That arm whose skin had been hardened by the strokes of the bow string, the left arm resembling a great mace and that mighty right arm that bestowed thousands of cows in charity was used as a pillow. Rama, the competent man and the mighty armed said: " Either crossing of the ocean or a death should occur to me today". Making that resolve he laid down by the ocean, restraining his speech and with a pious disposition according to tradition.                                                                                              21.7-21.9
According to traditional rule Rama who was  lying down on the Durbha bed  on earth spent three nights there.                                                                                                                                                                 21.10
That man of justice  who was diplomatic  , waited for the ocean  which was the lord of the rivers  for three nights there.                                                                                                                                           21.11
Though honored according to his greatness by the self subdued Rama, the careless ocean did not appear in his personal form to Rama.                                                                                                                        21.12
Due to getting angry on the ocean Rama ‘s eyes turned  blood red in colour  and  he spoke these words to Lakshmana who was near by   and  who was having auspicious look.                                                21.13
“Due to its great arrogance the ocean has not made its appearance . Indeed  qualities calmness, tolerance kind speech and straight –forwardness which are   the qualities of noble men give weak results, when directed towards those having no virtues."                                                                      21.14
“That  bad man who flatters himself  and runs all over the world  shamelessly like a horse set out at liberty is only appreciated by the world.                                                                                                    21.15
“In this world it is not possible to obtain fame and glory  at the end of a battle by peaceful means.” 
“Oh Lakshmana see how this ocean which is   the home of  crocodiles  is going to be broken by my arrows and get suffocated on all its sides.”                                                                                             21.17
" Oh, Lakshmana, watch these   coils of water snakes, the huge bodies of alligators and the trunks of sea elephants which are  going to be shattered by me."                                                                               21.18
“I am going to dry up this ocean with its conches , shells, fishes and crocodiles  in this great battle.”
“I think  this home of crocodiles  is going to consider   me as soft man  incapable of doing anything  and I feel it is a mistake to show our soft side to certain people.”                                                              21.20
“The ocean is not appearing before me in its true form. Oh Son of Sumithra , bring my bow  and  my arrows    which are like poison .I would then dry up this ocean and we can go to Lanka by foot.” 
" Being very angry now,   I will shake this ocean, even if it is unshakable. I will force the ocean, which is demarcated by banks and agitated with thousands of waves, bereft of a boundary, by my arrows. I will agitate the great ocean, thronged with great Rakshasas."                                                        21.23-21.24
After telling this that holder of the bow with eyes widened by anger  became fearsome to look at like the blazing fire at the deluge .”                                                                                                                  21.25
He pressed the horrifying bow  , twanged it  and made  the  world shake , he released a fierce    winged arrow  which was like the Vajrayudha of Indra.”                                                                                   21.26
Those lustrous  and very great arrows travelling with great speed entered the ocean  striking the water snakes   with great terror.                                                                                                                          21.27
When the water  fishes and alligators were suddenly disturbed became much more    disturbed  due to the wind.                                                                                                                                                      21.28
And that great ocean  was shaken by the multitude of waves  which was full of large number of conches  and smoke  came out of it.                                                                                                                       21.29
Sea snakes with lustrous  faces  and with glittering eyes  and very powerful Rakshasas  who were living  in Patala  were  greatly disturbed.                                                                                                         21.30
Waves in thousands  resembling the Vindhya and Mandhara mountains  jumped from the sea   along  with several crocodiles.                                                                                                                             21.31
That ocean with its large number  of fluctuating waves, and with its scared serpents and Rakshasas  and with huge crocodiles coming out, became full of noise.                                                                     21.32
Then the son of Sumithra  rushed towards  Rama who was stretching his bow with very great speed , taking a deep breath and shouting “No further, No further” and took hold of Rama ‘s bow .   21.33
“Even without destroying the ocean by you, you being a great hero. Your purpose   would be served . Men like you should get into this type of anger. Oh gentle Rama you should think of some other alternative .”                                                                                                                                                21.34
The Brahma rishis    and deva sages, who were standing on the sky  made great sound saying “Alas” and further said  “No further.”                                                                                                                          21.35

     Thus ends the twenty first   chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

22. The Bridge over the ocean is built

( When Rama is about to shoot    the arrow of Brahma, the god of  ocean appears before him and  requests Rama to use the expertise of the monkey Nala who was the son Of Visvakarma to build a bridge across the sea,  the arrow of Brahma is used to make the Maru desert fertile. The monkey build a bridge to Lanka in five days and stat crossing over,)

Then that noble one of the Raghu clan spoke these harsh words  to the ocean, “Oh great ocean I will dry you up till the Patala.                                                                                                                                           22.1
“Oh ocean , when your water   is consumed by my arrow , you would get dried up and a huge mountain of sand will appear   in you and all the creatures within you would be destroyed.”                               22.2
“Oh ocean , by  the rain of arrows that would leave my bow , the monkeys could walk down to the other shore and reach Lanka.”                                                                                                                                     22.3
“Oh ocean which is the home of  the Rakshasas , By your intelligence you  are not able to recognize  my power or prowess  and you will repent at my hands.”                                                                                 22.4
Fixing the Brahmastra  which is similar to the rod of Brahma  on  his bow that very strong one stretched the arrow.                                                                                                                                                            22.5
When Rama was stretching his bow keeping that arrow , the earth suddenly   seem to split   and  the mountains  seem to shake.                                                                                                                                22.6
Darkness spread all over the world and all directions became not visible  and  rivers and lakes   seem to get agitated.                                                                                                                                                          22.7
The moon sun and the stars  did not move directly and though the sun's rays lighted the sky,  the sky was  covered  by darkness and  it shined with a blaze of hundreds of meteors while thunders  echoed with an unparalleled sound in the sky.                                                                                            22.8-22.9
Series of divine storms blew  in their very gross forms  sweeping away   clouds and breaking   huge trees.
The wind broke  the mountain peaks, broke off the points of the rocks. Winds of great speed struck together in the sky and emitted flashes of radiance proceeding from lightning with a great sound and then there were great thunders.                                                                                                            22.11
All the beings that were visible to the eye  wailed along with the sound of thunders  and even beings which were not visible made great sound  and all the creatures  were overpowered ,  agitated and were scared  and did not move due to great fear .                                                                            22.12-22.13
After that  in  the great ocean ,  water tides  along with marine creatures and Rakshasas developed great speed  and due to that speed , the swelling waters crossed in to the shore and travelled  one Yojana inside the land.                                                                                                                                22.14-22.15
Seeing the   ocean which was overflowing Rama   the destroyer of his enemies did  not retreat before the ocean swelled and crossed its limits.                                                                                               22.16
The God of the ocean then arose from the middle of the ocean , similar to the sun rising at dawn from Mount Meru.                                                                                                                                              22.17
The God of the ocean along with the  snakes with flaming jaws  appeared with the colour of emerald  decorated by Gold.                                                                                                                                    22.18
The valorous  god of ocean, the lord of rivers, wearing a garland  of pearls, with his eyes looking  like  lotus leaves, using a pretty  garland made of all kinds of flowers  as ornament on his head, with ornaments of purified gold, adorned with excellent jewels made of pearls from his domain, decorated with different kinds of gems and metals, resembling Himalaya  mountain, wearing on his broad chest a locket shedding a white luster, resembling a Kousthubha gem  and hanging in the middle of a single string of pearls, with a multitude of waves whirled around him, encircled by the clouds and winds, escorted by rivers mainly the Ganga and Sindhu, endowed with diverse forms resembling various deities, approached Rama with joined palms, who stood with arrows in hand, addressing him first as OH Rama!' and spoke the following words:                                                                                                     22.19-22.24
“Oh Rama with tender heart, the earth , wind , sky , water and fire  remain stable  in their nature  and go towards the eternal path.”                                                                                                                         22.25
“And due to this I am extremely deep and impossible to swim across  and it is unnatural  for me to be shallow. I am going to tell you a method to cross me .”                                                                       22.26
“Oh  son of the king , I cannot  solidify  my  waters with alligators either  because of desire or ambition or fear  or love.”                                                                                                                                           22.27
“Oh Rama , I will make it possible  so that all of you including the monkeys can cross me by a path  and bear the army while they cross me. The alligators  would not be aggressive on them while they cross over.,”                                                                                                                                                           22.28
Then Rama told the ocean, ”Please hear , oh home of Varuna, this arrow should not go in vain and should descend on some place.”                                                                                                             22.29
After hearing the words of Rama and after seeing that  great arrow , the great and lustrous ocean told  Raghava.                                                                                                                                                      22.30
“On my northern parts there is a holy place called  Drumatalaya  and similar to you, it is well known in this world.”                                                                                                                                                  22.31
“Numerous dacoits who do very many cruel deeds  known as the sinful Abheeras  drink my waters   there.”                                                                                                                                                          22.32
“I am not able to  bear the sinful touch of these great sinners and so I request this arrow which is great to be released on them , thus making it not go in vain.”                                                                    22.33
Hearing these words of the great ocean , Rama released that shining arrow to the place indicated by the ocean.                                                                                                                                                           22.34
The place where that  arrow which had the luster of Vajrayudha   descended   was   the  famous desert called Maru (Malwar).                                                                                                                              22.35
Then  with great sound that arrow pierced the earth there   was the place  where  water from Rasatala gushed to that place  from   a cleft   in the earth  .                                                                              22.36
And that  well  that was created became well known as Vruna  and the water gushing out from there resembled the ocean.                                                                                                                               22.37
With a horrifying sound  the arrow of Rama fell there   and dried up  the water in those cavities .22.38
That place became famous  in all the three worlds as the desert of Maru.  The learned and valorous Rama the son of Dasaratha  who resembled the devas  dried up that  cleft  and gave a boon to that place  .                                                                                                                                                               22.39-22.40
Due to granting of a boon by Rama, that desert of Maru became the most suitable  place for cattle rearing, a place with very   little of disease, producing tasty fruits and roots, with a lot of  ghee , a lot of milk and various kinds of sweet- smelling herbs. Thus it became an auspicious and suitable move, bestowing these merits.                                                                                                                      22.41-22.42
When the cavity in that desert was burning, the ocean which is the lord of the rivers  told Rama who had great knowledge of  science as well as great books.                                                                                  22.43
“Oh gentle one, that person with the name Nala  is the son of Viswakarma , He has been given a boon by his father and he is equal to Viswakarma (architect of devas).”                                                             22.44
“Let him build the bridge    with great enthusiasm    and I would hold  it for he is just like his father.”
After saying this the God of ocean disappeared   and Nala,  the great monkey chief stood up and told the following words to  the very strong Rama.                                                                                                 22.46
“As told by the great ocean I have the ability of my father and I would construct a bridge across   this wide ocean.”                                                                                                                                                   22.47
“This ocean which is a formidable body of water  has given passage to Rama due to its fear  of punishment as Rama   wanted a bridge to be constructed across it.”                                                22.48
“On the  Mandhara mountain Viswakarma gave the following boon to my mother , “Oh Lady , the son who will be born to you would be exactly like me.”                                                                               22.49
“I am the real son of Viswakarma born out of his loins  and I am similar to Viswakarma  and this has been reminded to me by the God of ocean  and I did not speak about it because I thought it is not proper   to  talk about myself without being asked.”                                                                                                    22.50
“I am capable of building a bridge across the ocean, the home of Varuna and so let  all the great monkeys help me to build the bridge.”                                                                                                      22.51
Then sent by Rama  all the monkey army jumped  in joy on all sides and rushed towards  the great forest in hundreds  of thousands.                                                                                                                            22.52
Those monkeys who resembled mountains  broke mountain like rocks and trees  and dragged   them towards   the sea.                                                                                                                                           22.53
Those monkeys filled the ocean with all types of trees like Sala and Asvakarna, Dhava and bamboo, Kutaja, Arjuna, palmyra,Tilaka, Tinisa, Bilva, Saptaparna, Karnika, in blossom as also mango and Asoka.
Those best of monkeys who live in the forest   carried and brought some trees with roots and some without roots which looked like the flag post of Indra .                                                                          22.56
From here and there those monkeys brought Palmyra trees, pomegranate shrubs, coconut and Vibhitaka, Karira, Bakula and neem trees.                                                                                                  22.57
Those huge bodied monkeys  who were very strong uprooted elephant sized rocks  and mountains  and brought them   with machines.                                                                                                                    22.58
The water which went up due to throwing of the mountains , rose up to the sky and came   back again  and gushed back to the ocean.                                                                                                                   22.59
The rocks which were falling from all sides caused turbulence in the ocean. Others threw  strings of hundred yojanas long to keep the rocks straight .                                                                                 22.60
Nala started building the bridge in the middle of the ocean which was the lord of all rivers and the bridge was built at that time by those great monkeys  who can do terrible acts.                           22.61
Some monkeys held the pole for measuring the bridge , others collected different type of materials and by the command of Rama hundreds of thousands monkeys  brought reeds and logs which were like the clouds and mountains and fastened  parts of the bridge .                                                         22.62-22.63
Some monkeys  made  the bridge with trees having blossomed ends  and some monkeys who looked like Rakshasas caught hold of rocks resembling mountains  and peaks and appeared to run here   and 
there.                                                                                                                                                                   22.64
When the stones where thrown  in the sea , mountains also fell at those spots , very great sound emanated  from there.                                                                                                                                      22.65
On the first day itself fourteen Yojana of   bridge was constructed speedily by those monkeys who were joyful  and were resembling elephants.                                                                                                        22.66
Similarly on the second day   twenty yojanas of bridge was speedily constructed  by  those  mighty strong monkeys with huge bodies.                                                                                                                 22.67
Similarly on the third day twenty one yojanas of bridge was constructed in the ocean , speedily by the monkeys who had huge bodies.                                                                                                                    22.68
On the fourth day  twenty two yojanas of bridge was constructed  by further hastening   those monkeys with great speed.                                                                                                                                           22.69
The speedily   working monkeys constructed twenty three  Yojanas of the bridge  on the fifth day  and reached up to the other end of the sea.                                                                                                    22.70
Thus the very strong  gentle monkey chief Nala who was the son of Viswakarma  built a bridge on the ocean as his father   would have done it.                                                                                                   22.71
The  bridge constructed on the ocean  which was the home of alligators   by Nala  was good to look at and auspicious  and resembled the milky way in the sky.                                                                        22.72
With a wish to see the wonderful construction Devas,  , Gandharwas , Sidhas a well as  great sages  came and stood up on the sky .                                                                                                                                22.73
Devas and Gandharwas saw that hundred Yojanas bridge which was ten Yojanas  wide and which was constructed by Nala   and understood  that  it was difficult to build .                                                     22.74
The monkeys took  long leaps and short and  leaps shouted in joy. All other beings saw that construction of the bridge across the ocean as unimaginable, impossible and wonderful, causing their hair to stand on end in amazement.                                                                                                                                  22.75-22.76
It was a great spectacle to see those thousand crore of great monkeys cross to the other shore , immediately after   building the bridge.                                                                                                        22.77
That  great  bridge, which was broad, well-constructed, glorious, well postured and held together firmly, looked beautiful like a separating straight line in the ocean.                                                                     22.78
And on the other shore of the sea Vibheeshana holding a mace  along with his ministers   stood up  for invading  the enemy.                                                                                                                                            22.79
Thereafter, Sugreeva on his part spoke to Rama, the truly brave man as follows: "O, valiant man,  This ocean, the abode of alligators, is indeed vast and so you climb  up on  the shoulder of Hanuman and let Lakshmana climb up on  the shoulder of Angadha. These monkeys can carry   both of you while flying in the sky."                                                                                                                                                      22.80-22.81
On front of the army  the lustrous   Rama  who followed   Dharma and Lakshmana marched along with Sugreeva .                                                                                                                                                               22.82
Some monkeys went along the middle of the bridge. Some others went along the sides. Some others were seen  jumping into water. Some others marched forward on the path. Some monkeys entered the sky and flew  like Garuda the eagle.                                                                                                                22.83
The sound of marching monkeys masked the sound of the ocean  which was huge  and terrific .       22.84
After the monkeys crossed over to the other shore by the bridge constructed by Nala, Sugreeva   made them camp on the shore where plenty of fruits and roots were available.                                              22.85
Seeing that the  wonderful and extremely difficult  act was completed , the  devas, the Sidhas  and Charanas  along with great sages  , immediately anointed him with sacred waters.                              22.86
The Devas , Sidhas and others  blessed Rama, who was duly respected by kings with their auspicious -words as follows: " O, king, Defeat the enemies. Rule the earth and ocean which are   eternally for years."                                                                                                                                                            22.87

     Thus ends the twenty second    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

23. Rama judges the omens

(Omens indicating death and  suffering to the monkey army is noticed by Rama . He becomes sad because of it.)

The elder brother of Lakshmana who was an expert in omens    seeing the omens  , hugged the son of Sumithra    and told the following  words.                                                                                                  23.1
“After taking over this land blessed with cool water and fruits , let us divide the army into battalions and set them up there.”                                                                                                                                        23.2
“I foresee great fear  which will destroy this world  and torture of eminent heroes among monkeys, bears and Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                                    23.3
“Dusty winds are blowing , the earth is shaking, the tops of the mountains are quivering  and trees are falling down.”                                                                                                                                                23.4
“ Revolting clouds with the shape of wild beasts   with horrifying sound are raining  horrifying rain , with mixture of blood drops.”                                                                                                                           23.5
“The dusk of the colour of red sandalwood  is very much dreadful  and balls of fire fall from the  blazing sun.”                                                                                                                                                             23.6
“All  cruel birds and animals look pitiable and roaring out pitiably facing the sun  and  give rise  to great fear.”                                                                                                                                                             23.7
“The moon rises as it would do at the time of final deluge and  has a black and red halo  and makes the mind depressed.”                                                                                                                                       23.8
"O, Lakshmana, A dark stain appears on the cloudless solar disc, which is diminished, dreary, inauspicious and of copper  colour."                                                                                                      23.9
“Great darkness is enveloping all the stars and seems to herald the  final dissolution of the world.”
“Crows, eagles, and vultures are flying nearer to the ground and Jackals are  howling and give rise to inauspicious sound.”                                                                                                                                 23.11
“By the tridents, mountains  and swords thrown by  monkeys  and Rakshasas , the earth will be covered  with heaps of  flesh and blood.”                                                                                                             23.12
“We shall attack with great speed  surrounded by monkeys , this evil  town ruled by Ravana.”  23.13
After saying this the charming  Rama  who is the conqueror of enemies in battle  along with his bow walked to the front of the army facing the city.                                                                                    23.14
All those monkey chiefs who were marching ahead with Vibheeshana and Sugreeva  were desiring for the destruction of their audacious enemies.                                                                                          23.15
By the acts and gestures of all those  strong monkeys  with the idea to please   him, Rama became happy.                                                                                                                                                           23.16

     Thus ends the twenty third    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

24. Rama with his army reaches Lanka

( Rama and the monkey army reaches Lanka. Rama divided the army in to battalions and   assigns job of its protection to various monkey leaders. Shukha the spy is released. He tells Ravana about the great danger. Ravana is  not  bothered,)

That Assembly of valorous monkeys  along with  their king shined like the full moon of the autumn  and the bright stars.                                                                                                                                                 24.1
The earth which was pressed by a large number of monkeys who had energy like the sea trembled  with a  fear about their rapid movement.                                                                                                            24.2
Then those monkeys heard   a great tumult  from the city of Lanka which was accompanied by playing of various type  of drums  which made their hair to stand erect.                                                                24.3
Hearing that sound the monkey leaders became happy  but since they were not able to tolerate it , they shouted more loudly and it surpassed that sound.                                                                                           24.4
The Rakshasas also heard the  sound of the roar of the wildly delighted monkeys which sounded like  a thunder from the sky.                                                                                                                                             24.5
The Son of Dasaratha saw the city of Lanka decorated with  various types of flags and decorations  and his heart which was full of grief  thought about Sita.                                                                                       24.6
“There Sita with deer like eyes has been imprisoned  by Ravana  just like the Rohini star is over shadowed by planet Mars.”                                                                                                                                  24.7
After breathing  a warm deep breath , seeing Lakshmana he told these heroic words which were  beneficial to him at that time .                                                                                                                           24.8
“Oh Lakshmana , see this city of Lanka, which appears to have been constructed on a hill  top by Viswakarma , so that it appears to be touching the sky.”                                                                            24.9
“ When constructed earlier , the city of Lanka was filled with  many  towers  and is covered by thick white clouds    and looks like the city of Vishnu.”                                                                                       24.10
“The lustrous city of Lanka   has many flowering gardens which have  many fruit bearing trees  and filled with singing birds  and is comparable to Chaithratha,   the garden of Khubera.”                                24.11
“See the happy birds , swarming bees  and tree branches with lot of cuckoo birds  which sway in the breeze.”                                                                                                                                                              24.12
Thus  Rama the son of Dasaratha spoke with Lakshmana  and then the army was divided in to battalions  according to method  mentioned  in great books.                                                               24.13
Then Rama ordered as follows ”Let the valorous and invincible Angadha    along with Nila  occupy the middle position of this formation .”                                                                                                          24.14
“Let the monkey named Rishabha  along with several other monkey chiefs  place themselves on the right  side of the army.”                                                                                                                                          24.15
“Let the strong  and unconquerable Gandamadhana who is like an elephant  in rut  stand on the   left side  of the monkey army .”                                                                                                                      24.16
“I would stand  in the front tip of the army along with Lakshmana .Let  the great Jambavan, Sushena and Veghadarsi  who are the monkey and bear chiefs  protect the  belly  of the army .”             24.17
“Let the rear of the army be protected  by the king of monkeys , like very lustrous God Varuna protects the western side.”                                                                                                                                       24.18
The several   battalions of the monkey army  , which was protected by great monkeys shined like the  skies with the mass  of clouds .                                                                                                                24.19
With the  intention  to crush the Rakshasas in battle  , the monkey armed reached there  after seizing peaks of mountains  and trees .                                                                                                               24.20
All the monkeys resolved in their mind , “ Whether with the peak of mountains or  even with  bare fists , we will shatter this city of Lanka in to pieces.”                                                                                       24.21
Then the very lustrous Rama told Sugreeva , “Now the army has been divided properly let us release Shuka.”                                                                                                                                                           24.22
The very strong king of monkeys after hearing the words of Rama , as per the order of Rama released the emissary called Sukha .                                                                                                                         24.23
After being troubled by the monkeys and now released   by  the words  of Rama , Shuka  trembling with fear reached  the king of Rakshasas.                                                                                                         24.24
Ravana laughingly asked Sukha , “Why were your wings tied up? It appears  that  your wings  have been plucked. Have you fallen as the victim of fickle  minds.”                                                         24.25-24.26
Asked like that  by the king Ravana, Shuka  who was agitated with great  fear, gave him the following excellent reply: "On the northern shore of the ocean, I conveyed your message in a smooth tone, conciliatory  and without any ambiguity exactly as per your instructions."                       24.27-24.28
“The monkeys as soon as they saw me , jumped on me  with great anger and caught me . They started plucking my feathers and beating me with their fists.”                                                                       24.29
“It is not possible to talk to those monkeys nor is it possible to question them. As they are by  their nature short tempered and ferocious.”                                                                                                 24.30
“Then Rama  the killer of Kabandha, Viradha  and Khara  has come  along with Sugreeva to the place where  Sita is  there .”                                                                                                                               24.31
“After constructing a bridge over the sea and having crossed the salty sea  and after driving away the Rakshasas , Rama is standing here .”                                                                                                      24.32
“Several thousand  groups of monkeys and bears , who resemble the mountain and clouds  are covering the earth.”                                                                                                                                                   24.33
“There is no possibility of a treaty between the army of the king of Rakshasas and that of the army of the monkeys.”                                                                                                                                            24.34
“They would come to our ramparts son and before that you need either to return Sita or  soon offer to do battle with them.”                                                                                                                              24.35
As soon as Ravana  heard the words of Shuka , he with blood red eyes due to anger  and eyes which looked like he will eat Sukha told.                                                                                                                24.36
“Even if I am frightened by the entire world or even if Devas, Gandharwas  and Dhanavas come to a battle with me , I will not return back Sita.                                                                                             24.37
“When would my arrows fall on Rama like the bees falling on a fully blossomed tree in the spring.” 
“When will I  eat his body  with his body covered with flowing blood due to the lustrous arrows released from  my bow  similar to burning torches destroying an elephant.”                                                24.39
“Surrounded by a huge army , I shall eclipse  the above mentioned army of Rama , like the rising sun, eclipses the  bright stars.”                                                                                                                        24.40
“My speed is that of the ocean and my strength is like that of a wind  and this is not known to the son of Dasaratha and that is why he wants to fight with me.”                                                                      24.41
“Rama has not seen the serpent like arrows which are in my quiver  and that is why he  wants to fight with me.”                                                                                                                                                      24.42
“Rama  is not aware of my prowess in battle. I shall using my arrow heads play on the string of my bow which resembles the Veena p0roducing sounds of victory  and the terrible cries of the wounded would be the accompaniment  with my arrows producing several musical notes , as soon as I enter the vast arena of battle with my enemy ranks.”                                                                                      24.43-24.44
“Neither Indra with thousand eyes , nor Varuna the God of the sea nor Yama with his fire like arrows  nor Khubera with all his riches would be able to attack me in a battle.”                                        24.45

     Thus ends the twenty fourth     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

25.Spies Shukha and Sarana  visit the monkey army

(Ravana  sends Shukha and Sarana , his ministers the judge the strength of the monkey army. They were caught by Vibheeshana. Rama allows them to see the monkey army and releases them. They  go and advise  Ravana  to seek peace with Rama.)

When Rama the son of Dasaratha crossed the sea . Ravana told his ministers Sukha   and Sarana   as follows.                                                                                                                                                                  25.1
The monkey army has entirely crossed   the impassable  sea  and the construction of bridge over the sea by Rama is incomparable .                                                                                                                                 25.2
“I am not able to believe that a bridge could be constructed across the ocean and I definitely need to analyze  the strength of the monkey army.”                                                                                                 25.3
"Become not recognizable  to others, enter the army of monkeys and  count   the real numbers  of their army, their strength , as to which monkeys are important among them, which ministers of Rama and Sugreeva have come together, which monkeys are leading  in front, which monkeys are valorous , how that bridge was constructed across the ocean full of water, how the encamping is done for those great  monkeys; the determination, strength and the striking senses of Rama and of the heroic Lakshmana."
                                                                                                                                                                    25.4- 25.7
“Please also find out who is the commander –in-chief   of those powerful monkeys  and after knowing that you should come back speedily.”                                                                                                           25.8
After  the Rakshasas Sukha and Sarana were ordered this way, they assumed the form of monkeys  and entered the army of monkeys .                                                                                                                       25.9
After that Sukha and Sarana were not able to count the numbers of the army of monkeys  and their hair stood erect due to wonder.                                                                                                                            25.10
That army was stationed on the tops of mountains, round about the waterfalls, in the caves, on the sea-shores, in the woodlands and in the gardens. It was either in the process of crossing the ocean, or was intending to cross it in its entirety. It had either encamped or was still encamping, making a terrible noise. The two Rakshasas  saw that very strong and imperturbable sea of army.                       25.11-25.12
The greatly lustrous Vibheeshana  could find out them through their disguise  and he caught hold of Sukha and Sarana    and told Rama.                                                                                                                25.13
“Oh Rama who wins over  other enemy cities, These are Sukha and Sarana who are ministers of the king of Rakshasas and they have come here from Lanka as spies.”                                                                  25.14   
They both  saw Rama and were trembling and having lost the hope of being alive , greatly scared , with folded hands in salutation told Rama.                                                                                                           25.15
“Oh gentle son of Raghu clan, we  both came here because we were sent by Ravana  to know everything about your entire army.”                                                                                                                                 25.16
Rama the son of Dasaratha , who is interested in welfare of all beings , after hearing their words , told them with a smile .                                                                                                                                           25.17
‘If you have seen the entire army  and seen all of us well  and accomplished the task with which you were entrusted, you are free to go, when you want.”                                                                               25.18
“If you have not seen any particular aspect , you can see them now and Vibheeshana will  again show it to you in its entirety.”                                                                                                                                       25.19
“Having been caught by us, there is no need for you to fear  for the messengers who are  caught without weapons should not be killed.”                                                                                                                       25.20
“Oh Vibheeshana, always be ready to shoot an arrow on our enemies , but let these Rakshasa spies who have come in disguise be set free.”                                                                                                               25.21
“Oh Rakshasas, when you back to your city  tell my words as I told you  to Ravana, the brother of Khubera  and the king of Rakshasas.”                                                                                                            25.22
“I desire  that you show us the strength  which you exhibited while abducting Sita now along with your army and friends  to us   as well  as our army.”                                                                                           25.23
“Tomorrow morning you will see my arrows destroying , the city of Lanka, along with forts and arches as well as   the army of Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                   25.24
“Oh Ravana , tomorrow at day break , I will release my dreadful anger on you , Just like Indra , the king of devas  throws the Vajrayudha.”                                                                                                               25.25
When Rama ordered like this to the Rakshasas   called  Sukha and Sarana , They said, “Victory to you”  and admired Rama who loved Dharma , and then went back to Lanka and spoke to the king of Rakshasas.                                                                                                                                            25.26-25.27
“Ok king of Rakshasa, Vibheeshana caught us with the intention of killing us  and the very lustrous Rama seeing it  who is the soul of Dharma  set us free.                                                                                     25.28
"Where the four eminent persons who are equal to the protector of the worlds, the valiant ones skilled in the use of weapons and of proven prowess namely Rama the son of Dasaratha, the famous Lakshmana, the great  and resplendent Vibheeshana and Sugreeva whose valour is equal to Indra the Lord of devas , are stationed at the same place, they can uproot  the city of Lanka with its ramparts and arches and transplant it elsewhere, even if all the monkeys do not do anything ."                   25.29-25.31
“Such is the personality of Rama  that with his weapons , he alone  destroy the city of Lanka , even if the other three people   do not do anything.”                                                                                                      25.32
“That army protected by Rama, Lakshmana and Sugreeva is unconquerable , even if devas and asuras join together .”                                                                                                                                                 25.33
“The army of the forest living monkeys   are cheerful  are interested in fighting the war . This is sufficient. Make peace with them  and offer the  daughter  of king of Mithila back to the son of Dasaratha.                                                                                                                                                    25.34

     Thus ends the twenty fifth     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

26.  Ravana surveys the monkey army

(Ravana climbs on a tall tower to see the monkey army.  Shukha introduces   various monkey chiefs and tells him about the strength of their respective armies,)

Hearing those truthful and fearless    words  of Sarana , the king Ravana spoke   to him in reply as follows.                                                                                                                                                          26.1
“Even if I am attacked by devas, Gandharwas  and Rakshasas  together  or even  if there if fear to  me from all the three worlds, I am not going to give back Sita.”                                                            26.2
“Oh gentle one , since you have been harassed by the monkeys too much , being with a fearful mind, you want to me to speedily give back Sita.”                                                                                                     26.3
“Which enemy can defeat me in the battle?”  was the harsh word said by Ravana the king of Rakshasas. Then Ravana climbed the roof of his white tower like house  which was the height of several Palmyra trees  with a desire to see Rama’s army.                                                                                                   26.4-26.5
Ravana who was benumbed with anger  along with those spies  saw , the ocean , mountain and forests   which were completely filled with monkeys.                                                                                                    26.6
Seeing that shore less and innumerable  great army of monkeys , the king Ravana again asked  Sarana.
“Who are the  important monkeys among them? Who are very strong and valorous among them? Which of them would be in the front of their army with  great enthusiasm?”                                                      26.8   
“Who can influence Sugreeva? Who are the chief of battalions? What can influence these monkeys? Oh Sarana , tell all these things in detail to me .”                                                                                                 26.9
After hearing the  words of the king of Rakshasas, Sarana , as per what he has seen   told about the important chiefs  of monkeys.                                                                                                                         26.10
“He who is  facing Lanka and is surrounded by  hundreds of thousands of soldier monkeys  by whose great shout ,  Lanka with all its ramparts, all  its decorations  along with all the mountains and forests    are resounding , is the great soul Sugreeva  who is the king of all animals that    sit on branches and in the front of the army the monkey  named Nala  who is the commander  is standing.”        26.11-26.13
"That valiant monkey , who holds his arms high, who tramples the earth under his feet as he marches, whose face is turned towards Lanka, who in fury is knitting his brows very much, who is resembling a mountain- peak in stature, who is like filaments of a lotus in hue, who is  in excess of anger continuously  and lashes out his tail with a  swish of which can be heard in ten regions,  is the prince named Angadha, anointed by Sugreeva the king of monkeys and is challenging you to the battle."                    26.14-26.17
“He is son of Vali who is like him and  is very dear to Sugreeva  and he has come to the front in the interests of Rama , Like Varuna comes for the sake of Indra.”                                                                  26.18
“It is due to his intelligence that  daughter of Janaka was found  by the very speedy Hanuman  as he desires for the welfare of Rama.”                                                                                                                   26.19
“That Valorous one has brought  with very many units of monkey army  commanded by various chiefs  and he is approaching to crush you with his own army.”                                                                        26.20
“Next to Angadha , surrounded  by large army stands  the valorous Nala who is the one who built the bridge , ready for battle with you.”                                                                                                            26.21
"These excellent monkeys, numbering a thousand crores and eight lakhs, who have been lodged in sandalwood groves, yelling like a  lion’s roar  and  after having stiffened their limbs, are knitting their eye-brows raised in anger. These valiant monkeys, who are terrific and fierce  having a ferocious zeal are going to  follow Nala. Nala himself with his aforesaid army aspires to smash Lanka forthwith."           
"A monkey called Shweta of silver colour  who is quick-witted and clever, of terrific prowess and a warrior renowned in the three worlds, has come to Sugreeva swiftly, dividing the army of monkeys and bringing great delight to the troops, he goes back to the back of the army "                          26.25-26.26
"There is a  mountain called Ramya, on the banks of River Gomati. That mountain  is filled with various kinds of trees is also called Samrochana. An army-chief, named Kumuda used to roam around that mountainous region. He also rules  that kingdom. He is the leader for lakhs of monkeys. He has a very long hair-coppery, yellow, pale and white and hideous to look up to. Thrown about on his tail is the intrepid and fierce monkey called Kanda. He yearns to fight and boast that he will  destroy Lanka with  his forces."                                                                                                                                         26.27-26.30
"Oh, king,  He who resembles a tawny lion with a long mane and who is looking at Lanka attentively as though he wishes to consume it with his glasses, who dwells mostly on the mountains of Krishna and Sahya of Vindhya range of pleasing aspect, is the General named Rambha. Three thousand crores of excellent monkeys, who are formidable of impetuous valour and vigour, surround him who is marching ahead and follow in his foot-sets to destroy Lanka."                                                                26.31-26.33
"Oh, king,  Look,  The one who is yawning continuously and shaking his ears, he  is the  one who does not have  any fear of death, one  who never retreats from a battle, but violently moves with rage, who again sees obliquely, he who lashes out his tail and roars like a lion with great vigour, he who constantly dwells on the lovely Salveya mountain, he is Sarabha by name, the commander of monkeys with immense energy and devoid of fear."                                                                                            26.34-26.36
“Oh king , all his battalion consisting of one lakh forty thousand  monkeys who are called Viharas  are very strong .”                                                                                                                                              26.37
"The one who is like a great cloud, enveloping the space and who stays in the middle of monkey-warriors like Indra the king of devas , one who wishes for a battle whose great voice  is heard like the roll of drums, is the General named Panasa, who is always invincible in battle. He dwells in Pariyatra, a mountain that is exceeded by none in height."                                                                     26.38-26.40
“He is served by fifty lakhs commanders  who obediently carry out his orders as he is an excellent commander.”                                                                                                                                 26.41
"He who is encamped with sixty lakhs monkeys which is his army   on the sea-shore which is   like a second ocean is the commander called Vinata who resembles Dardura mountain (in size) and is positioned there lending charm to the formidable army marching ahead and moves about, drinking the water of River Vena, the foremost of all rivers."                                                                          26.42-26.44
“A monkey chief called Kradhana   is calling you for battle  after keeping his valorous and  very strong monkeys in  proper battalions.”                                                                                                                  26.45
‘There is one monkey called Gavya  with the colour  of Red Chalk  who nourishes his body , who is forever proud of his strength who  is with great luster  standing facing you with anger  and hatred towards you.”                                                                                                                                                 26.46
“He is served by seventy lakh monkeys  and he wishes to crush Lanka using  only his army .”     26.47
“These very valorous commanders and commander-in-chiefs  who can take any form they like have put their  army in different distinct units and so it is difficult to count them.”                                        26.48  

Thus ends the twenty sixth      chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

27. The monkey army is further described.

(The spies give a detailed account of all the monkey leaders   and the army that theu command.)

“As you are keenly examining the monkey chiefs , I shall tell you about those who would like to show their  valour  even by facing death for the sake of Rama.”                                                                          27.1
"There is a monkey called Hara, who has terrific acts to his credit. The hair on his tail, measuring many fathoms, soft, red in colour, yellow, white and super-white, wavy and shining like the rays of the sun standing erect thrown about are dragging along the ground."                                                          27.2-27.3
“Hundreds and thousands of monkey army leaders  have resolved to be servants of Sugreeva  and they are all following him carrying trees with the intention of  attacking  Lanka  soon.”                               27.4
"Oh king,   Those who appear black like black-clouds and similar  to black collyrium are extremely ferocious bears, truly mighty in combat, who  are in exceedingly in   large number, indefinable like the other shore of an ocean,  and those  whom you are observing  reside in mountains, plains and on river-banks. They are all coming towards you."                                                                                           27.5-27.7
"Oh king,  He who is standing in the middle, with terrific eyes and of fearful appearance, encircled by all like Parjanya (the rain-god) being encircled by clouds  is the army-chief called Dhumra, the Lord of all bears, who drinks the waters of River Narmada and resides on an excellent mountain named Rikshavanta."                                                                                                                                        27.8-27.9
“See beside him Jambhavan  the younger brother of his  who is like a mountain, has a form like his brother  and great in valour .He is the commander of other great commanders who is calm , behaves well with elders  and impatient in battle.”                                                                                   27.10-27.11  
“Once he had rendered  very great help to Lord Indra   in the battle between Devas and Asuras and  he got very many boons.”                                                                                                                             27.12
"Jambhavan 's  troops who have a huge body , resembling the Rakshasas , having thick hair and endowed with unlimited energy, wander about, climbing mountain-heights and hurl massive rocks as big as huge clouds and they do not have a fear in facing death."                                                       27.13-27.14
"Oh  king,  This Lord of monkeys who is the commander of commanders  called Dhambha  who  whether he is in a hurried fury or leaping or standing still  is stared at by all other monkeys  . He along with his bulky troops dwells on Sahasraksha mountain."                                                                              27.15-27.16
"He who, walking on all fours touches with his flanks, a mountain situated at a distance of one Yojana and reaches for  an object one Yojana high and  obtains it with his body, whose huge form no other four-legged animal has , by which  that intelligent monkey fought with Indra , the king of devas   but he was not defeated , is a commander of commanders and the grand-father of monkeys, famous as Samnadana by name."                                                                                                                                                  27.17-27.19
“This valorous one is equal in Valour to Indra , the king of devas and he was born to a young Gandharwa maiden called Krishna Varthamana  and he was born to help devas in the battle between Devas and Asuras.”                                                                                                                                                              27.20
"O king of Rakshasas,  This commander named Krathana, the son of   the king Visravasa, the illustrious one, sits beneath the Jambu tree, on that mountain, the king of peaks, which is frequented by Kinnaras, and which mountain affords delight constantly to your brother. It is near there, Krathana, that fortunate one, that powerful lord of the monkeys, whose prowess in not confined to words in battles, stays happily ."                                                                                                                                                   27.21-27.23
“He  is surrounded by thousand crore monkeys  and hopes to crush the city of Lanka    by his own
army .”                                                                                                                                                                  27.24
“He normally  roams round the shores of Ganges terrorizing the leaders of the herds  of  elephants  remembering the old enmity between monkeys   and elephants.  He is the commander and leader of monkeys called Pramathim who dwells in mountain-caves, and subdues  wild elephants and thundering  and uprooting trees.”                                                                                                                              27.25-27.26
“That excellent army chief of monkeys , takes shelter , on the foremost of mountains Mandara  and the mountain called Usarbija on the shores of Ganges where he passes life happily just like Indra.”     27.27
“Hundred thousand thousands monkeys who are proud of their strength and valour and  who have radiant forearms   and keep on roaring  follow him.”                                                                               27.28
“He is the leader  of these great monkeys  and Oh king , he is their commander and is called Pramathi  and it is difficult to conquer him.”                                                                                                       27.29
"He whom you are watching   as  a cloud raised by wind is Pramathi. At that place, a great quantity of red illumined dust is tossed about and raised by wind in various ways in different directions. Energetic and excited army of monkeys is also stationed there along with Pramathi."                             27.30-27.31
"Oh king,  One hundred lakhs of monkeys with their black faces and  with scary  looks  and with great strength, after  crossing of the bridge, surrounds their  troop-leader who is a monkey   called Gavaksha and are making a roaring noise and   ready to crush Lanka by their bodily strength."              27.32-27.33
"Oh king.   This army-chief called Kesari, the chief of the commanders of monkeys, wanders in Kanchana mountain wherein there are trees which yield fruits in all seasons, inhabited by large black-bees, to which the sun circumambulates clock-wise, the mountain shining with its own colour and splendour, by whose brightness, the animals and birds always shine with the same colour , whose plateau on the top of the mountain the great sages do not leave, wherein trees, all mango-trees are   laden with fruits on all sides because of that   there are  honey-bees of excellent variety."                                             27.34-27.37
"Oh faultless king, There are sixty thousand mountains in that beautiful golden mountain ranges. There is an excellent mountain  in the middle of that mountain range as you  are in  the middle of that Rakshasas. In that mountain range there, in the last mountain  where these monkeys reside. Some of the monkeys are tawny coloured, some are white-coloured and with nails as their weapons,  having four tusks, with nails as their weapons having four tusks like lions, difficult to be approached like tigers, resembling fire and  serpents vomiting poison with their very long coiling tails, resembling elephants in rut, equal to mighty mountains and making great thunderous sound like that of clouds. All of them stand looking on your Lanka as if they are about to crush it."                                                                     27.38-27.42
"Oh king,  He who stands in the middle is the powerful leader of the monkeys who ever faces the sun, who is a wise man, eager to conquer you and is famous in the world by the name, Shatabali. He swears to destroy Lanka with his troops."                                                                                                    27.43-27.44
“The monkey called Shatabali is strong , brave and valorous and well known for his manly vigour  and does not bother about his life which he is willing to sacrifice to Rama.”                                              27.45
“Each of the monkeys  Gaja, Gavaksha , Gavaya, Nala , Neela  are surrounded by battalions of one crore monkeys   each. “                                                                                                                                           27.46
“There are many other great monkeys who are living  on the Vindhya mountain and each of them are fast paced and it is impossible    to count them.”                                                                                   27.47
"Oh  king, All of them are highly prominent, their stature equals  to  the  high hills and all of them are capable in a moment to level the earth by uprooting and razing all its mountains to the ground."27.48

Thus ends the twenty seventh     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

28.The Spies show him Rama and Lakshmana

(They continue identifying many more monkey chiefs including Sugreeva, Then they  describe Rama and Lakshmana.  They also tell Ravana about the total size of the army.)

After  the king of Rakshasas heard the account given by Sarana , Sukha pointed out the army of monkeys to him and spoke.                                                                                                                                                28.1
“Oh king those monkeys whom you who are like  huge elephants and huge banyan trees which stand on banks of river Ganges  and Sala trees which stand on the Himalaya  mountain  would be able assume any form that they wish  and are equal to Devas and Rakshasas and have the power of devas in a  battle.”
“They are twenty one thousand crores   and thousand Shuankus and  Hundred Vrundas  in  number(These are explained later in this chapter.)                                                                                 28.4
“All those ministers of Sugreeva  who always live in Kishkinda  though monkeys are born to devas and Gandharwas and can assume any form that they want.”                                                                        28.5
“The lads standing there with the looks of devas are Mainda and Dvividha  are twins and  no one is equal to them in war.”                                                                                                                                              28.6
“These twins who have consumed  nectar of immortality with the consent of Brahma  are hoping that with their power they would be able to destroy Lanka.”                                                                         28.7
“There you see a monkey who stands like an intoxicated elephant , who by his strength and fury can even churn the oceans .Oh Lord , he had come in search of the daughter of Videha to Lanka  and that monkey whom you  have seen earlier  has come gain.”                                                                        28.8-28.9
“That monkey who crossed the ocean is the eldest son of Kesari  and  is also the son of wind God  and is well known as Hanuman.”                                                                                                                        28.10
“Oh Lord, that monkey  can take any form he likes , is strong and pretty  and he can move like  his Lord , the wind God.”                                                                                                                                           28.11
“When he was child and hungry , they say that  without any effort he jumped three thousand Yojanas  saying that he will eat the Sun God  for otherwise my hunger will not be appeased, as he was greatly intoxicated with his own strength.”                                                                             28.12-28.13
“Without being able to reach that God who is  beyond the reach of  ,devas, Deva Rishis and Rakshasas , he fell on the top of the mountain where sun rises.”                                                                       28.14
“When he fell on the mountain one of his jaws (Hanu)  was broken by a stone  and because he has a strong jaw afterwards , he was called Hanuman.”                                                                            28.15
“I know about that monkey through one of my close  friends .It is not possible to describe his , strength , form and  his great power.”                                                                                                                  28.16
“He using his own power wants   to destroy Lanka .How can you forget this monkey who like a comet lighted Lanka ? Some of those fires are   still burning.”                                                                 28.17
"Nearby is a  dark coloured  warrior with eyes like lotuses he is  a chief warrior among Ikshuvaku clan, his heroism is well-known in the world, his sense of duty never wavers, nor does he ever go against Dharma , he knows  how to use  Brahma's weapon and is conversant with Veda, he is the most learned of the Vedic scholars, he shatters the firmament with his arrows, and rends even the earth, his anger is akin to that of Death, his valour  is  equal to that of Indra the god of devas , his consort is Sit a who was taken away by you from a place called Janasthana .He is Rama who has come to wage war on you, Oh king"                                                                                                                                                    28.18-28.21
"That  man, having the luster  of pure gold, with a broad chest, having red eyes, with black and curled hair, standing at the right side of Rama,  is called Lakshmana, who is  only  interested in the care and welfare of his brother. He is skilled in leadership of war and excellent among the wielders of all weapons."                                                                                                                                          28.22-28.23
“He is short tempered, difficult to be defeated , valorous , wise , strong  and is standing near the right arm of Rama   and is the soul of Rama outside his body.”                                                                   28.24
“He does not bother  for his life , if it is for the sake of Rama  and he desires to kill all the Rakshasas  himself alone.”                                                                                                                                             28.25
“He who is standing on the right side  near to   Rama who is surrounded by Rakshasas  is the king Vibheeshana.”                                                                                                                                  28.26
“He who has been consecrated as the king of Lanka by the king of kings  is enraged with you and would  fight the battle with you. “                                                                                                                               28.27
"The other  monkey  whom you see as an unshakable mountain and standing in the centre of monkeys is the  Lord of all chiefs of monkeys and he is  with a boundless energy and who, like a Himalayan hill, very much radiating the other monkeys by his splendour, glory, wisdom, strength and his noble descent, who occupies along with the chiefs of Army Generals, a secret place called Kishkindha, with its forests and trees and which  place inaccessible because of its impassable mountains, in which is established a good fortune of devas and human beings, whose charming and golden coloured garland with hundred lotuses is beautifying and  that person is Sugreeva. This garland along with a lady called Tara as well as the permanent kingdom of monkeys were presented to him by Rama after having killed Vali ."
“Wise men call one hundred lakhs as crore  and hundred thousand crores  is a Shankha.”              28.33
"A hundred thousand Shankas are said to be one Maha Shanka. A hundred thousand Maha Shankas are called one Vrindam here. A hundred thousand Vrindas are said to be one Maha vrindam. A hundred thousand Mahavrindas are called one Padmam here. A hundred thousand padmas are said to be one Mahapadmam. A hundred thousand Mahapadmas are called one Kharvam here. A hundred thousand kharvas are said to be one Mahakharvam. A hundred thousand Mahakharvas are called one Samundram. A hundred thousand Samudras are said to be one ogha here. A hundred thousand oghas are acclaimed a one Mahaugha."                                                                                                   28.34-28.38
"This Sugreeva, the king of monkeys, having great strength and valour is  always surrounded by a colossal army and is approaching you to make war, accompanied by the valiant Vibheeshana and the ministers, as also a hundred thousand crores of Shankas, a thousand Mahashankas, a hundred Vrindas, a thousand mahavrindas, a hundred padmas, a thousand Mahapadmas, a hundred kharvas, samudras and Mahaughas of the same number, and a crore of Mahanghas whole army as such is identical of an ocean."                                                                                                                                                  28.39-28.43
“Oh great king after observing this great army  who are having the blazing luster of planets and who have already arrived, you may have to put in very great effort  to win and to avoid defeat.”    28.44

Thus ends the twenty eighth     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

29.Ravana sends another group of spies

(Greatly angry with Shukha and Sarana for praising the enemy Ravana dismisses them. He sends another spy to study about the habit of Rama and Lakshmana and ither commanders. They are also caught and released back by  Rama.)

Seeing  those greatest of  the  monkey leaders pointed out by Shuka-viz. the most valorous  Lakshmana  who is  Rama's right arm, his own brother Vibheeshana standing close to Rama, the terribly powerful Sugreeva the king of all monkeys, the strong Angadha grandson of Indra the wielder of Vajrayudha, the powerful Hanuman, the invincible Jambhavan, Sushena, Kumuda, Nila, Nala the excellent of monkeys, Gaja, Gavaksha, Sharabha, Mainda and Dvivida- that heart of that  became agitated a little and he  was enraged and then abused those two ministers  Shuka and Sarana who had  told him in detail about them.                                                                                                                                                           29.1-29.5
To that Sukha and Sarana who saluted him with face looking down Ravana spoke  very harsh, merciless  , angry and  excited words.                                                                                                                                 29.6
“It is not befitting for ministers who eke their life  out of me to  utter such unpleasant words , since the king has the power  to   give them any type of punishment or reward.”                                                29.7 
“On those enemies who have come  to war with us  and who are adverse us , you both have showered your  praise. Is it proper?”                                                                                                                               29.8
“You have served your teachers, elders  and old people in a non effective manner  and it is clear that you have not grasped    the essence  of principles of political science.”                                                     29.9
“But suppose   you have understood them, , it is clear that you have forgotten them. And you are carrying a great burden of ignorance . In spite of such foolish ministers like you , If I am still the king , it is a great miracle.”                                                                                                                                         29.10
“Why is it that you are not fearing death after telling such harsh words to me, who judges about good and evil by my toungue?”                                                                                                                        29.11
“In spite of outbreak of fire in the forest , trees may survive but those   who commit  treachery against the  king  cannot survive.”                                                                                                                       29.12
“Had  not my anger been mellowed down by the earlier service done by you , I would have killed both of you for praising my enemy ?”                                                                                                                  29.13
“Keep away being near to me. Go away from here. I do not desire to kill you because of good service done by you earlier. I consider both  of you as dead because you were ungrateful and unfaithful to me.”
After Ravana told like this to them ,both Sukha and Sarana felt ashamed to see Ravana  and went away after saluting and  greeting him saying, “Be victorious.”                                                                  29.15
Then Ravana told Mahodhara   who was standing near him, “Go and immediately bring me spies who are expert in justice.”                                                                                                                              29.16
Mahodhara immediately ordered that spies should be brought and as per the orders of the king   the spies came there  and they saluted him and   wished him victory.                                      29.17-2918
Then Ravana , the king of Rakshasas told the following words to those  spies who were valorous, devoted him,  and free from fear.                                                                                                       29.19
“Go from here and investigate   the activities of Rama  and also find out his advisors and intimate friends  and also those people who joined with him because of liking him.”                                           29.20
“Find out when he sleeps and when he wakes up and also about what he intends to do now. And you have to come back   after intelligently understanding everything about him.”                         29.21
“Even a learned  enemy who is the ruler of earth , if  studied well by using a spy can easily   be defeated without much effort.”                                                                                                                            29.22
The spies agreed with the sentiment expressed , saluted the king of Rakshasas  and after going round him , with Shardula as their leader left that place.                                                                           29.23
Those great Rakshasa   spies  after going round  the great Rakshasa king   started   to the place where Rama and Lakshmana  is there.                                                                                                           29.24
They   went  after disguising  themselves  went and saw Rama and Lakshmana along with Sugreeva and Vibheeshana   near the Suvela mountain.                                                                                          29.25
When they saw the great army , they were fear stricken  and they were seen by the great Rakshasa  who was the chief  of Rakshasas(Vibheeshana)                                                                                           29.26
Accidentally they were seen   by Vibheeshana  who said about Shardula, “This person is  a wicked person”, and he alone was seized.                                                                                                        29.27
When the monkeys were about to kill Shardula, Rama saved him  and that very kind Rama got released the other Rakshasas   also.                                                                                                                     29.28
Harassed by those courageous and fast paced monkeys , though they lost their consciousness, they somehow returned back to Lanka.                                                                                                       29.29
Those Rakshasa  spies who normally moved outside , told the very strong Ravana that  Rama  was camping near    the Suvela mountain.                                                                                                 29.30

Thus ends the twenty ninth    chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

30. Spy Shardula describes Rama’s army

(On questioning  by Ravana , the spy tells him about troubles he underwent and how Saved him. On questioning  by Ravana he tells about the great monkey chieftains and their genealogy. He also tells about  Rama  and Lakshmana.)

Then the spies informed the king of Lanka    about the camping imperturbable army   of Rama near the Suvela mountains .                                                                                                                                         30.1
After hearing the news of the reaching Rama and his great army from the spies, Ravana was little worried and he asked Shardula.                                                                                                                  30.2
“Oh Rakshasa, your complexion is  not  what it should be and you look miserable. I hope you have not fallen as a victim  in to the hands of those angry monkeys.”                                                                  30.3
Thus questioned by Ravana, that Rakshasa  Shardula started answering him slowly  to Ravana who was   a tiger among Rakshasas.                                                                                                                              30.4
“Oh king it is not possible to spy upon on that very strong and Valorous monkeys who are protected by Rama.”                                                                                                                                                               30.5
“It is not possible to talk or interrogate  them for finding out anything  for the entire path is protected by monkeys who look like mountains.”                                                                                                             30.6
“As soon as I entered in to their army , I was  forcibly caught and examined  and questioned  in very many ways.”                                                                                                                                                      30.7
“I was beaten from all sides with  knees , fists , teeth and hands  and I was paraded in the midst of the monkey army by those angry ones.”                                                                                                            30.8
“After being taken round everywhere I was taken before Rama’s court  and blood was flowing from all my limbs and I was shivering.”                                                                                                                      30.9
“When the monkeys were about to kill me , when I asked   for protection from Rama , he said, “Stay, stay.”                                                                                                                                                               30.10
“The great sea has been filled up with stones and boulders  and having reached the gates of Lanka, Rama is standing there well armed.”                                                                                                        30.11
“That greatly lustrous one , after getting me released  arranged the marching army in the form of an eagle  and surrounded by monkeys he is  marching towards Lanka.”                                                  30.12
“Before he reaches  our ramparts please do one thing-either return Sita  or get prepared for a great war.”                                                                                                                                                                  30.13
That chief of monkeys  Ravana though worried in the mind , after hearing these words , replied Shardula using   these great words.,”                                                                                                                           30.14
“Even if the devas, Gandharwas and Dhanavas   come to a battle with me  or even If I am afraid of the entire world, I will not give back Sita.”                                                                                                        30.15
After telling these words Ravana again told, “Were you able to spy on the army ?” Who are the important valorous monkeys among them?”                                                                                            30.16
“How do the unconquerable monkeys  look like ?What is their power? Whose sons and grandsons are they? Oh Rakshasas , please tell me   this information .”                                                                         30.17
“I will take a decision only after knowing their strength and weaknesses. Is it not necessary for us to count those among them who wish to fight in the battle.”                                                                       30.18
After hearing these words of Ravana, that excellent spy Shardula  started telling these words in front of Ravana.                                                                                                                                                                30.19
“Sugreeva the son of Riksharajas  is indeed unconquerable . Here is  the famous Jambhavan who is the son of Gadgada .”                                                                                                                                             30.20
“There is one more son of Gadgada  and the other is the son of Bruhaspathi the Guru of Indra  , whose son Hanuman is the one who destroyed the Rakshasas.”                                                                      30.21
“The other is Sushena   a follower of Dharma  and valorous who is the son of  Yama and then there is a monkey called Dadhimukha  who is cool minded and son of moon god.”                                          30.22
“Durmukha, Sumukha   and Vega Darsi  are perhaps  specially created by Lord Brahma  in the form of monkeys as  the personification of death.”                                                                                             30.23
“There is the commander-in-chief Nila  the son of the fire God and there is Hanuman who is the son of  god of wind.”                                                                                                                                                30.24
"There is  young Angadha, Indra' s grandson who is  the strong and invincible one,  the mighty Mainda and Dvinda born of the twin  gods   called  Aswini Kumaras ,   Gaja, Gavaksha, Gavaya, Sharabha and Gandhamadhana the five sons of Yama the God of Death all of them resembling Yama at the time of dissolution of the world, besides  the valiant ten crores of monkeys who are yearning for battle  who are all here. I will not be able   tell about the remaining glorious sons of god."                         30.25-30.27
“That young man  is Rama , the son of Dasaratha , who has a body like lion  and he was the one who killed Dhooshana, Khara  and Trisiras.”                                                                                                  30.28
“In this world there is no one who has got prowess equal to Rama  and  he was the one who killed  the god of death Kabandha and  Viradha.”                                                                                                     30.29
No one in this earth would be capable of describing Rama’s good qualities and he was the one who killed all the Rakshasas  living in Janasthana.”                                                                                     30.30
“There is Lakshmana   who is the soul of Dharma who is strong as elephant and a tiger , in the path of whose arrows of even Indra , the king of  devas  cannot stand.”                                                         30.31
"Sweta and Jyotirmukha are  the sons of the sun-god, a monkey called Hemakuta, another son of Varuna, Nila the son of Viswakarma the strong and the best of monkeys, as well as that mighty and swift Durdhara the son of Vasus are all here."                                                                                  30.32-30.33
“There is the best of the Rakshasas Vibheeshana who is your brother  and having got  the city of Lanka , he likes to be in the best interest of Rama.”                                                                                      30.34
“Thus  I have described  in detail about the entire army stationed in Mount Suvela    and it is for  you to take  decision as to what needs to be done.”                                                                                     30.35

Thus ends the thirtieth     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book by 31, Ravana by  magic tries to  convince Sita that Rama is dead.

(Ravana with the help of a conjurer makes a head of Rama dripping with blood. He tells Sita that Rama and his army was killed by Prahastha. Then he   asks Vidyujihwa to bring Rama’s head  and Rama’s bow. He orders Sita to be submissive to him since Rama is  no more.)

Ravana   the king of  Rakshasas    was  informed  that Rama along with his undefeatable  army has camped on the mount  Suvela.                                                                                                                31.1
When Ravana heard from the spies   that  the very strong Rama has arrived, he was little agitated  and spoke like this to  his ministers.                                                                                                               31.2
“The time for consultation has arrived and let all the ministers   come here quickly  with keen and attentive minds.”                                                                                                                                        31.3
As  soon as these order was heard all the ministers came with great speed  and Ravana held consultations with those Rakshasas who were  his ministers.                                                          31.4
The dreadful one discussed with them what needs to be done  and after coming out of that meeting  of the ministers, he went back to his palace .                                                                                           31.5
Then he  who is a great conjurer send word for the very strong Vidhyujihwa  who was an expert in magical illusions and together they went to the place of Sita.                                                         31.6
Then the king of Rakshasas spoke to that conjurer  Vidhyujihwa, “We will have to create an illusion to deceive Sita , the daughter of Janaka.”                                                                                                 31.7
“Oh Rakshasa , conjure a head of Rama and along with bow and arrows  and then   present  it to me.”
When told like that Vidhyujihwa sais “So be it”, and  by his great magical efforts made one and showed it to Ravana  and the king became very happy and gave him an ornament.                 31.9
That exceedingly strong Rakshasa  duly entered the forest of Asoka trees with great eagerness to see Sita.                                                                                                                                                         31.10
Then that younger brother of Khubera saw  that pitiable Sita , who did not deserve that fate ,  sitting  looking down  at the earth  , drowned in great sorrow due to the thoughts about her husband.
Approaching Sita who was surrounded  by horrifying Rakshasis at a distance  who were chanting his name in delight , Ravana spoke these bold words to Sita.                                                               31.13
“Oh Lady,  he whom you depended on and repelled me when I try to console you , your husbanded that murderer of Khara  has been killed in the battle.”                                                                             31.14
“For all times your root has been cut off be me and so also your pride has been destroyed and because of your very great sorrow, now you will become my wife.”                                                              31.15
“Oh fool, give up this resolution of yours , for what can you do with a dead person  and oh lady become my wife and become the chief of all my consorts.”                                                                            31.16
“With less of good deeds and a lost purpose you think , you are very learned. Now hear about the killing of your husband similar to killing of Vruthrasura .”                                                                 31.17
“Rama is supposed to have come with a great army led by  the monkey king  Sugreeva on the sea shore to kill me.”                                                                                                                                                   31.18
“When the sun was about to set , Rama with his huge army settled  on the northern  sea shore here .”
“His army  which was stationed here  , being greatly tired  was comfortably sleeping  at mid night  and they were approached by our spies.”                                                                                                     31.20
“My  very great army which was lead by Prahastha killed the army of Rama at night   at that place and they also killed Rama and Lakshmana.”                                                                                                 31.21
“Those  wielding harpoons, maces, discus, daggers, sticks, great arrows spears, shining maces with spikes, picks lances, darts, massed weapons, clubs and wheels  , made use of them again and again in order to strike down all  the monkeys."                                                                                       31.22-31.23
“Prahastha with bubbling enthusiasm    cut off the head of Rama who was sleeping  using his mighty sword without facing  any resistance.”                                                                                                  31.24 
“Fortunately Vibheeshana  who tried to flee with speed was caught  and held captive and Lakshmana and other monkeys ran in all directions.”                                                                                              31.25
“Sugreeva with his neck broken and  Hanuman whose jaw was removed  were laid down and killed by the Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                                           31.26
“Jambhavan who was trying  to stand on his knees  was killed in the war  and very many monkeys were cut off  like a tree using very sharp edged weapons.”                                                                          31.27
"Mainda and Dvivida - those two great killers of their enemies who were  long bodied and the foremost of the monkeys became  groaning and breathless and  their limbs bathed in blood-were cut to pieces at the waist-level, by  swords."                                                                                                          31.28-31.29
"Panasa, crying for help was stretched on the earth under a tree of the same name(Jack fruit tree)  and was  pierced by putting  him  in a pit. The exceedingly valiant Kumuda on his part, shrieking, was killed by a hail of arrows."                                                                                                                          31.30-31.31
"Angadha, who was adorned with many  bracelets lies fallen down, emitting blood on all sides, as he was pierced by the demons with many arrows, after approaching  near him."                                        31.32
“All those monkeys were crushed by elephants   and  very many fast moving  chariots  were lying there like water rich clouds broken by a gale.”                                                                                                  31.33
“All those outsiders fled  in terror when they were pursued    by the Rakshasas  who were striking on their back, like elephants   running when pursued by elephants.”                                                      31.34  
"Some  of the  monkeys fell in the sea and some sought shelter in the sky. And    some other bears with the monkeys climbed the trees."                                                                                                                 31.35
“In the banks of the ocean,  , in mountains and in forests , large number of monkeys by Rakshasas  who were having misshapen   eyes.”                                                                                                                   31.36
“Thus your husband along with his army was killed by my army  and this head drenched in blood  and coated with dust  has been  seen .”                                                                                                           31.37  
Then that king of Rakshasas Ravana who is extremely difficult to fight with , spoke these words to the Rakshasis   so that Sita will overhear   them.                                                                                           31.38
“Oh Rakshasis , go and bring that Vidhyujihwa who is capable of doing cruel acts , who is the one who brought the head of Rama  from the battlefield.”                                                                                  31.39
Then Vidhyujihwa  came  there holding the head of Rama   along with the  bow and arrows and  he stood there after    saluting Ravana.                                                                                                         31.40
When  that Rakshasa who was standing there that king  Ravana spoke to that Vidhyujihwa  who had a large  toungue and was inching nearer to him.                                                                                      31.41
“Speedily place the head of Rama  in front of Sita  and let that miserable one see  the final  state of her husband.”                                                                                                                                                       31.42
As soon as he heard this that Rakshasa  kept her darling’s head   near to Sita and  disappeared   speedily from that place.                                                                                                                                              31.43
Then Ravana threw   in front of Sita a  with    great bow  saying, “Here is the bow of Rama  which is famous  in all the three worlds “                                                                                                                  31.44
“This is the bow with its cord stretched, belonging to Rama, that was brought back by Prahastha , after killing that hero in the night."                                                                                                                      31.45
Then that Ravana threw the head bought by Vidhyujihwa  as well as  the  bow  in front of Sita  and said to  the daughter  of Janaka, “Now you become submissive   to me.”                                                  31.46

Thus ends the thirty first      chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

32.Sita wails for her slain husband

(Sita blames Kaikeyi for her bad fate.  She  wails  over her  fate  and blames herself. A messenger comes and summons Ravana for an important meeting. As soon as he left the so called head and bow of Rama also disappears.)

Sita saw the head and bow which were illusion . She heard Ravana narrating about Rama's friendly relationship with Sugreeva, as earlier  told to her  by Hanuman. Recognizing that head as that of Rama, with a proof resembling her husband's eyes, facial complexion, hair, expanse of his forehead and the beautiful jewel worn on the top of his head, she was very much afflicted with sorrow and  cried like an osprey and abused Kaikeyi who was the originator of the present calamity .                          32.1-32.3
“Oh Kaikeyi , become happy with your achievement  because the son  who used to make the clan happy has been killed.. The entire clan has been destroyed by   your quarrelsome nature.”                    32.4
“What  undesirable  act  has  been  done by  Rama to you so that you sent my husband to the forest  in exile  , wearing   cloths of bark.”                                                                                                                32.5
After saying that . the miserable one was  trembling  and the young one fell on the ground , like a Banana tree which was cut off.                                                                                                      32.6
Almost  within a second she consoled herself ,. Regained consciousness  and started crying after seeing that  illusory  head of Rama.                                                                                                                        32.7
“Oh great one who followed valour   as a great penance , you have now been killed  and I have become a witness to your last state and a widow.”                                                                                                    32.8
“It is said that  the death of a husband earlier to her is due to the fault of the lady  and you who have a soft saintly nature has gone ahead   of me. “                                                                                             32.9
“You who have been trying to protect me  has fallen down to this sad state  leaving me immersed   in the ocean of grief. “                                                                                                                                       32.10
“My mother in law Kausalya who  brought you up tenderly  as a son , Oh Rama,  has become similar to a cow who has lost its calf.”                                                                                                                             32.11
“Oh Rama , astrologers had mentioned that   you would have a long life  and their words have become a lie and you have become short lived.”                                                                                                        32.12
“Or else you might have slipped in to   a state of stupor even though you were  conscious  and possibly the God of death  who brings all beings to end chose   that time.”                                                       32.13
“How is it that you did not foresee your death as you are an expert in science  of good management   and how is it that you who are an expert in warding of calamities   were not able foresee  this difficulty?”
“Terrible dark night   which is cruel and horrifying   has encircled me, Oh lotus eyed one , by snatching away    you from me.”                                                                                                                                       32.15
“Oh mighty bull among men, you left me who is leading  the life of a saint   and  by lying on earth, you have embraced  the auspicious lady earth  as your darling.”                                                                   32.16
“Oh valorous one  , here is that bow decorated by gold , which is liked by me  and which was sincerely worshipped by you with sandal paste     and flowers.”                                                                            32.17
“Oh spotless one of mine , surely in heaven you might have met  your father   who is my father in law  along with other manes from your clan. “                                                                                                32.18
“Though you have taken leave of  the pious clan of Royal sages, you have done a great act by which you shine like a  star in heaven.”                                                                                                                         32.19
“Oh king why are   you not looking at me and why are you not answering me? You got  me as a girl when you were a boy  and made me your wife who is a co-traveler.”                                                            32.20
“ Oh son of Kakustha clan,  Remember  that at the time of marriage you had promised that   we will travel together  and since I am sorrowing  , take me also along with you.”                                         32.21
“Oh best one, why have you left me and gone away leaving me like this? Why have you left me who is   sorrowing in this world and gone to the other world?”                                                                          32.22
“That auspicious  and pretty body of yours which used to get cuddled by me  is now being dragged   by the wild animals.”                                                                                                                                         32.23
“Though from the beginning you were worshipping fire  and the lord after giving  ample gifts , why is it that you are not getting cremated by the sacrificial fire that  you were maintaining .”                  32.24
“Kausalya would be able   to receive   only Lakshmana   when he goes back though she  did send three  people to the exile.”                                                                                                                                     32.25
“When she enquires about  all of us , that Lakshmana  will tell her  about your slaughter at night in an alley by those   Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                        32.26
“Hearing that you were killed while sleeping and that  I have been kept in the house  of a Rakshasa, her heart will break and she   will be no more.”                                                                                            32.27
“That valorous  and faultless  one who had crossed the ocean    for  the cause of this   unworthy women was killed while crossing a small puddle.”                                                                                               32.28
“Due to great   illusion  Rama married me who is a stain on my race , without realizing that this wife would be the cause of his death.”                                                                                                             32.29
“Even though as a wife  who showed  hospitality  to all his guests , I am weeping now, possibly  because  in my previous birth , I had refused   an excellent gift to someone.”                                                 32.30
“Oh  Ravana immediately arrange to kill me  just after you killed Ravana  and unite this wife with her husband  and you would do an auspicious act .”                                                                                   32.31
“Oh Ravana, join my head with his head and my body with his body  and then I shall attain  the same   salvation as that of my husband.”                                                                                                             32.32
The wide eyed Sita   after sorrowing like this and wailed like this after   her husband as well    as the bow of her husband.                                                                                                                                             32.33
When Ravana was watching Sita who was wailing like this , One Rakshasa  who was royal guard  approached  and saluted him and told.                                                                                                    32.34
After saluting him , he said, “May victory be yours my lord”,  and after thus making him pleased   informed him that Prahastha  the commander of the army has come.                                              32.35
“Prahastha has come with all other ministers and Oh Lord he has sent  me , so that he can meet you.”
“Oh king , who has great patience , there is some urgent work  regarding royal duties  and so please give them audience now.”                                                                                                                                 32.37
“Hearing this communication by the Rakshasa , Ravana left the Asoka Forest   and  went to see his ministers.”                                                                                                                                                   32.38
After having discussed   with his ministers  about the things that need to be done  and after understanding the prowess  of Rama , he arranged for  getting actions  done as per the need.
As soon as Ravana departed from there , the head as well as the  greatly distinguished  bow vanished from there.                                                                                                                                                 32.40
And at that time Ravana after holding consultations with his valorous ministers , he decided upon the measures that he would adopt    against Rama,                                                                                  32.41
Ravana , the king of Rakshasas who was resembling the God of death , talked to all his generals who were interested in his welfare and who were standing nearby.                                                        32.42
“By  the  audible sound of the drum , raised by  beating it with stick , summon all our army    without telling them the reason.”                                                                                                                           32.43
  Then, the messengers  said   "So be it"  as they were  obedient  to his words and instantly gathered a huge army together and informed their lord longing for fight, that they had  already  assembled the army.                                                                                                                                                              32.44

Thus ends the thirty second     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

33.A Rakshasi friend of Sita  called Sarama    consoles  Sita.

(Sarama a friend   of sita, tells her   she had investigated in various ways and found that  Rama’s head was only an illusion. At that time the sound of marching of the army of Rama  and  Ravana   are heard.)

Seeing the very bewildered Sita , an affectionate Rakshasi called Sarama approached   Sita who was her beloved friend.                                                                                                                                             33.1
Sarama the soft spoken woman , consoled Sita who was  disillusioned by  the king  of Rakshasas and who was greatly  sorrowing.                                                                                                                               33.2
Sarama who   was  assigned by Ravana to protect Sita was a kind hearted woman  who was firm in her austerities and was a good friend to Sita and protected her.                                                              33.3
She saw her friend Sita had lost her consciousness  and had just got up after rolling in the earth like a female horse.                                                                                                                                               33.4
That friend  with good austerities consoled Sita and told her, “Let your mind not be perturbed.”  33.5
“Oh coward ,  Oh broad eyed one , by hiding under the sky , I heard all that Ravana told you as well as all that reply that you gave him, without fear  because of my friendship with you .”                      33.6-33.7
“Oh Maithili,  all  the reasons for Ravana going out  agitated from here  is known to me as I had gone out from here to find out about that.”                                                                                                                 33.8
“It is not possible to attack Rama  while he is sleeping  because  that tiger among men  is always aware of himself and so killing him at that time is impossible.”                                                                           33.9
“It is also not possible to kill all the monkeys who live on the tree because they are being protected by Rama , just like Indra protects other devas.”                                                                                               33.10
"O, Sita! Rama, who is endowed with long and well rounded arms and an illustrious man, who has a large chest ,  who is a man of great energy, an archer well known in the world, a man endowed with muscularity, a righteous minded man, a person of celebrity on earth, a man of eternal strength and  a protector for himself and for others  has not been killed  when he  is  with his brother Lakshmana, a man of high descent, a knower of doctrines of conduct and behavior, the killer of a stream of enemy forces, a man of inconceivable strength and valor, a venerable man and an annihilator of adversaries."
“That Ravana , who is the enemy of all the world and one with a perverse mind ,due to the anger against you has played a magical trick of illusion against you.”                                                                               33.14
“Get rid of all your sorrow as great auspiciousness awaits you. The Goddess Lakshmi would bless you with all that is good due to her love for you, please listen.”                                                                        33.15
“Rama has crossed the ocean along with the monkey army and has arrived and encamped on the southern shore of the sea.”                                                                                                                                33.16
“I see full implication in Rama along with  Lakshmana settling down in the shore of the sea being well protected   by the monkeys.”                                                                                                                             33.17
“Some swift moving Rakshasas sent by Ravana had brought a news to him that  Rama has crossed the sea and has encamped  on this shore.”                                                                                                           33.18
“Oh broad eyed one , hearing about that Ravana  the king of Rakshasas  is holding consultations with all his ministers.”                                                                                                                                                      33.19
When that Rakshasi Sarama was talking like this to Sita  a fearful sound was heard from the  army which was prepared for the war.”                                                                                                                               33.20
Hearing that terrific sound created by  the stick on the huge drums which sounded  like a great thunder , Sarama who talked sweetly  told Sita as follows .                                                                                         33.21
“Oh scared one , the fearsome sound  of this kettle drum is indicative , the preparation for a war  and also hear the majestic sound of the drum which resembles  the sound of thunder.”                            33.22
"Elephants in rut are being caparisoned for war. Chariot horses are being prepared for  the  battle. Thousands of horsemen carrying darts in their hands are also  seen."                                                    33.23
“Here and there  soldiers ready for the battle are marching in thousands. The royal avenue is seen full of    wonderful  soldiers making one feel that they are like the swiftly moving  ocean  with the flood waters making great sound.”                                                                                                                                       33.24
"See hurriedly, the sheen of polished weapons, shields and coats of mail sending forth luster of many hues like the splendor of fire consuming the  forest in summer. The flurry of chariots, horses and elephants following the lead of Ravana as well as of energetic Rakshasas  thrilled with joy. Is also seen"              
"Please hear the sound of bells of elephants,  the ratting of chariots, and the cry of neighing horses, resembling the flourish of trumpets. Here are  the bustle of Rakshasas , carrying uplifted weapons in their hands; following under  the leadership of Ravana. This bustling activity is causing hair to stand erect through great fear ."                                                                                                                   33.28-33.29
“Good luck which would destroy all your sorrows  is arriving to you and a sense of fear has come to the Rakshasas. Like the Lord Indra, the lotus eyed Rama  who has unimaginable valour  would kill Ravana in war  and your husband will take you back.”                                                                                   33.30-33.31
Your husband along with Lakshmana would exhibit their valour  and like Lord Vishnu  who is the killer of enemies  along with Lord Indra  exhibits his power against his enemies.”                                         33.32
“As soon as  Rama comes,  I will see you who are his   virtuous wife  would be  sitting on  his lap thus fulfilling your desire after  killing all your enemies.”                                                                                   33.33
“Oh pretty one , you would shed tears of joy and make the chest of Rama wet  and when you are joined with him , I will see him holding you tightly to his breast.”                                                                    33.34
“Before long oh divine Sita, the very strong  Rama will loosen your one braid which has reached has grown past your hips  and which you were wearing all these months.”                                                33.35
“Oh honoured lady after seeing his face which is like the just risen full moon , you would get rid of all your sorrow, like a female snake casts off its skin.”                                                                                    33.36
“Oh Maithili after killing Ravana in great speed , Rama who deserves pleasure  would find happiness in the company of his darling.”                                                                                                                           33.37
“After you join back with Rama with a great soul , you would like the earth  with healthy crops after a rain.”                                                                                                                                                                   33.38
“Oh lady, seek refuge in Rama who is your lord like the Sun God approaching mount Meru   and like the horse going round   and definitely Sun is  the source of all beings .”                                                      33.9

Thus ends the thirty third     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

34.Sarama helps Sita by finding out Ravana ’s decision

(Sita becomes consoled. When Sarama offered to carry a message to Rama , Sita requests her to find out the decisions of Ravana. She comes back and tells her that in spite of elders in his family, Ravana would not release  her till he dies.)

Sita who became greatly sad by hearing words of Ravana  was comforted and made  happy by Sarama, just like a parched  earth  which received rain.                                                                                           34.1
And thereafter she  who knew the proper time to  do any activity wishing to do more service to Sita
With a smile   told  her.                                                                                                                                    34.2
“Oh black eyed lady, I am capable of  carrying  a message of good will from you  as also your words secretly to Rama and return.”                                                                                                                      34.3
“When I am travelling in the sky , supported only by myself  neither wind or Garuda would be capable  of following me.”                                                                                                                                                34.4
When Sarama spoke like this Sita  without any sorrow which affected her earlier spoke these  sweet words.”                                                                                                                                                            34.5
“I know  that you are capable of travelling in the sky as well as  go to Rasathala but please know from me the service that  you can do for me today.”                                                                                             34.6
“If your intention now is to help me   and you are firm in this resolve , then I wish you go and find out what Ravana is doing now.”                                                                                                                       34.7
"That cruel and evil minded Ravana,  who has capabilities  in the shape of conjuring trick to make  his enemies cry ,makes me bemused like the  liquor bemuses one, as soon as it is consumed."       34.8
“He  gets me threatened  all the time through  words of the frightful Rakshasis  who always sit round me ,and insult me repeatedly.”                                                                                                                        34.9
“I am depressed and distrustful  and have lost my stability and staying in this Asoka forest , I get distressed due to great fear.”                                                                                                                 34.10
“If you can inform me all the decisions that  he takes after discussion with his ministers  in the matter of keeping me captive or releasing me, it would be a great  blessing to me.”                                      34.11
Having been spoken like that , Sarama wiped away the tears   from her face which had got moistened   and replied her like this.                                                                                                                             34.12
“Oh daughter of Janaka, if your opinion is like that , I would go and after knowing about the opinion of the enemies, I will return.”                                                                                                                         34.13
After telling this , she went near the Rakshasas and heard what Ravana was talking  to his  ministers.
She who is an expert on decision making  after hearing the words of the bad soul Ravana  took a decision  and speedily returned    to the Asoka forest.”                                                                        34.15
When she returned back she saw Sita    who looked like  goddess Lakshmi bereft of lotus waiting for her.
After Sarama who spoke returned back Sita hugged her  affectionately   and offered  personally   a seat for her.                                                                                                                                                             34.17
“After sitting here comfortably please tell about the plan of that  that bad soul Ravana who is cruel and wicked.”                                                                                                                                                                34.18
When the trembling Sita  asked Sarama like this she told her completely  what Ravana told his ministers.
“The mother of Ravana spoke    great words excellently pleading for your release  and also Avidha the age old minister Of Ravana pleaded for your release.”                                                                               34.20
“Let the daughter of Mithila be given honourably to the king of men . Is not the wonderful incident that happened in Janasthana sufficient for us?”                                                                                                    34.21
“Which man in the world can cross the ocean , discover Sita, kill  several Rakshasas  in war  ?”         34.22
“Though the old minister of his and his mother  argued with him in various ways , he was not interested in releasing you , like a miser   giving up  his riches.”                                                                                    34.23
“Oh Maithili, he is not interested in releasing   you till he attains his death  and this is what that cruel Ravana decided along with his ministers.”                                                                                                      34.24
" After that  due to infatuation caused by his impending death,  his determination to do what he said  is very firm .He is not in a position to release you,  not  because of  sheer fear  but will hold you  till  he is actually defeated in battle through the carnage of all the Rakshasas and of himself."                                                                                                                                       34.25
“Oh dark eyed one , after killing Ravana in war by his  sharp arrows, Rama will definitely take you back to Ayodhya.”                                                                                                                34.26
 At this time along with the sound of beating of  drums and blowing of conches , they heard the sound caused by monkey army which made the earth   shake.                                        34.27
Hearing the great sound raised by the monkey army , the king servants who had gone to Lanka lost their enthusiasm , looked pitiable and looked depressed    as they could not foresee any thing good coming due to the fault of their king.                                                                     34.28

      Thus ends the thirty fourth      chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

35.Malyavan the grand father  tries to Dissuade Ravana

(When Ravana hears the marching of Monkey army , he again calls  for a meeting. Mayavan who is his grand father    advises him to return back Sita. )

   Then  the great hero Raghava  who was the conqueror of cities  ,  marched forth   along with  mixed sound of drums and conches.                                                                                                                               35.1     
When Ravana the king of all Rakshasas heard that sound  for a while he  became thoughtful  and looked towards   his ministers.                                                                                                                                          35.2  
The very strong Ravana who was the tormentor of the world  and is the cruel king of all Rakshasas , then addressed the assembly of Rakshasas   and  without accusing any one  spoke.                                      35.3      
 “I have heard that you have been talking about the crossing of ocean by Rama  and about his prowess , valour and  heroism.”                                                                                                                                             35.4  
“I know that all of you are truly valorous in war  and in spite of that  , on knowing about the valour of Rama , all of you look at each other in silence.”                                                                                               35.5 
Hearing the words of Ravana, his maternal grandfather Malyavan  who was very intelligent and wise told   as follows.                                                                                                                                                               35.6     
“Oh king , that king  who  is    an expert in all sciences   and who follows the path of prudence  , enjoys the kingship for a long time  and compels his enemies for subjugation.”                                                  35.7   
“He who concludes treaty of peace with his enemies or  wages war at the proper time  strengthens himself  and attains great power.”                                                                                                                     35.8    
“ A treaty should be reached with the king who is weaker  or equal to us , without ever underrating the enemy  but he should wage  war against enemy    who is stronger.”                                                         35.9 
“Oh Ravana because of that  I like entering in to a treaty with Rama.  Let Sita for whose sake this war is being fought be returned to him.”                                                                                                                    35.10
“All devas, sages and Gandharwas    are wishing for the victory of Rama  and so do not make him your enemy  and please accept a treaty with him.”                                                                                                35.11      
“The grandfather (Lord Brahma) created only two groups of people  namely devas and Rakshasas    and while Devas  depend on Dharma , Rakshasas   do not follow it.”                                                                 35.12                                                                                        
‘Oh Rakshasa , Dharma is always on the side of the great devas   and Non righteousness  is on the part of asuras and Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                                        35.13
“When Dharma swallows Adharma , it is Kritha   age  and when Adharma starts swallowing  Dharma , it is the Kali age.”                                                                                                                                                      35.14
“So when you were wandering in this world , the great Dharma was destroyed  and Adharma favoured you and because of this your enemies are stronger than you.”                                                                   35.15
“Due to your mistake , the well nourished Adharma is swallowing us  and you being favourable to Rakshasas  , the clan of Rakshasas is growing.”                                                                                             35.16
“You who are interested in sensual pleasures  and because of this , you did whatever you liked  and this has created great fear among the sages who are like fire.”                                                                         35.17
"The power of those sages is very great  like an burning  fire. Having purified their minds through penance, they are intent on promotion of Dharma , in as much as these Brahmins worship the gods through different principal sacrifices but  they  also pour oblations into the sacred fires with due ceremony and read the Vedas (Sacred texts) in a loud voice. Having subdued the Rakshasas, they continued to chant the sacred text, on hearing which all the Rakshasas have  scattered in all directions, like the  thundering clouds in a hot season."                                                                                      35.18-35.20
“When the sages who themselves are like fire , worship fire , the smoke from that fire spreads all over and destroys  the luster of all  the Rakshasas.”                                                                                              35.21
“In  different places   when these people who are stable in their penance , practice severe austerity , this creates trouble to all Rakshasas.”                                                                                          35.22
“You have obtained a boon protecting yourself from Devas, Dhanavas    and Yakshas  but very powerful men , bears and monkeys have arrived here  and they  with stable valour are roaring like lions.”  
“I have been  seeing very many omens which are  horrifying and I foresee destruction  of all the Rakshasas including myself.”                                                                                                                              35.25
“Terrific  and monstrous clouds producing horrifying  thunderous sound  are causing rain of hot blood all over Lanka.”                                                                                                                                                           35.26
“Drops of tears fall from the weeping animals of transport  , which have become discoloured, coated by dust  and have lost their previous shine.”                                                                                                       35.27
“Flesh eating animals  like Jackals and  eagles  are howling loudly and fearsomely and entering Lanka and they also form   groups in the forest.”                                                                                                              35.28
“Black women with white teeth , talking  adversely in their dreams  are standing in front  of the homes  and laughing uproariously  after robbing the houses.”                                                                                35.29
“The Dogs come and eat the offerings made to God in the homes  and donkeys are born to cows, rats and the mongoose.”                                                                                                                                            35.30
“Cats mate with tigers , pigs mate with dogs   and Kinnaras  mate with Rakshasas as well as   with men.”
“Red footed  white pigeons which are messengers of death  move in different directions foretelling the death of all Rakshasas.”                                                                                                                                      35.32
“The singing pet birds called Sarika  are defeated by fighter  birds  and drop down on earth  in pairs.” 
   "Birds and wild animals, face  towards the sun, cry out. Death, in the form of a frightful, monstrous and cruel blackish form  with a shaven head casts his eyes on all our dwellings, both morning and evening.  These and such other sinister omens appear."                                                                          35.34-35.35
 "I deem Rama of  stable vision   as  Lord Vishnu dwelling in human form. This Rama is not a mere human being, because   he is one  who built  that most wonderful bridge  which was built across the sea. O, Ravana! Conclude peace with Rama, who is the king of men. Having come to know of his acts, let that which is good for the future be done after a mature understanding."                             35.36-35.37       
 Having spoken like this , the mighty Malyavan, who was foremost in valour among the bravest  of  warriors, being aware of what was passing in Ravana's mind, eyeing him, became silent.           35.38                                                                                                                                                         

      Thus ends the thirty fifth       chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

36.Ravana  chides Malyavan  and makes   arrangement for the war.

(Ravana tells that Malyavan was telling these words out of partiality and fear. Malyavan takes leave   and goes away. Then Ravana assigns responsibility to different city gates to different heroes.)

The evil minded ten faced one , since he was already under the control of God of death , did not find the words of Malyavan   suitable to his welfare  .                                                                                            36.1
Since he has already     come under the grips of great anger ,  with eyes rolling in fury replied  Malyavan .
“Though you are interested in my welfare  you have spoken unsuitable and harsh words  and have taken the side of the enemy and so your words   have not entered my ears.”                                             36.3
“How do you rate   a feeble man like Rama who has come alone with only monkeys to help  and banished by his father to the forest as  efficient?”                                                                                  36.4
“How do you rate me who is the god of the Rakshasas   who is greatly fearsome to the devas  and who has all qualities of valour as weak?”                                                                                                             36.5
“I think that you spoke those harsh words to me because you do not like my valour or due to partiality to the enemy or  due to my encouragement.”                                                                                          36.6
“Which learned man who knows all Sasthras would  speak thus harshly  to a mighty person in power without intention to instigate him?.”                                                                                                         36.7
“After having brought Sita who is like Goddess Lakshmi without a  lotus , for  what purpose should I return her to Rama ,  is it out of fear to him?”                                                                                       36.8
“Within a few days you will see   that , Rama along with  crores of monkeys, Sugreeva and Lakshmana is killed by me.”                                                                                                                                                   36.9
“Why should   this Ravana  before whom even Devas cannot  stand in a duel in war , entertain any fear  in this war?”                                                                                                                                                   36.10
“I would prefer to be cut in to two pieces rather than  salute anybody  and this is my innate quality from birth which cannot be removed.”                                                                                                               36.11
“By accident  if  Rama  has constructed a bridge across the sea , there is nothing to be surprised and no reason to fear him.”                                                                                                                                       36.12
“I am promising on oath , that Rama  who along with his monkeys has crossed    the ocean will not go back alive .”                                                                                                                                                      36.13
Knowing Ravana was speaking excitedly with great anger, Malyavan  was hesitant and did not speak anything in reply .                                                                                                                                         36.14
Since it was proper Malyavan wished    victory to the king   and as permitted by the king went back to his home.                                                                                                                                                               36.15
Then Ravana held consultations with his ministers on  things that need to be examined  and started planning for matchless defense of Lanka.                                                                                                 36.16
Then he assigned the defense of eastern gate to the Rakshasa called Prahastha , the southern gate to the greatly valorous Mahaparswa and Mahodhara , the western gate to his son Indrajit   who was an expert in great illusion along  with large number of Rakshasas.                                               36.17-36.18
He then deputed Sukha and Sarana to guard the northern gate  of the city   and told that ministers that he himself would also come there.                                                                                                           36.19
He then placed an extremely valorous Rakshasa called Virupaksha     along with  several other Rakshasas  in the centre of the city.                                                                                                                                  36.20
The great Rakshasa after creating this arrangement in Lanka  assumed that his purpose has been accomplished for that particular time.                                                                                                         36,21
Having ordered for adequate arrangements for the defense of the city, Ravana then allowed  his ministers depart. Having been honoured with blessings of victory by those body of councilors, he entered his mighty and sumptuous inner apartments.                                                                          36.22

      Thus ends the thirty sixth     chapter of the book of war   of Valmiki Ramayana    which is the first  book

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